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Black death
Black death
Black death
Black death
Black death
Black death
Black death
Black death
Black death
Black death
Black death
Black death
Black death
Black death
Black death
Black death
Black death
Black death
Black death
Black death
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Black death

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Black Death ( Origin of plague Disease )

Black Death ( Origin of plague Disease )

Published in: Education, Health & Medicine
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  • 1. WHAT IS BLACK DEATH? The Black Death is the term used for the plague (disease) that devastated the world’s population in the 14th century.
  • 2. ORIGIN OF BLACK DEATH Usually thought to have started in China or Central Asia, it had reached the trade city of Caffa by 1346 and from there, black rats carried it onto merchant ships. It then spread throughout the Mediterranean and ravaged Europe.
  • 3. Yersinia Pestis Rat flea The Culprits Of Plague
  • 4. TRANSMITTION OF PLAGUE
  • 5. 1. Bubonic Plague  The bubonic plague was the most commonly seen form during the Black Death.  The classic sign of bubonic plague was the appearance of buboes in the groin, the neck and armpits, which oozed black pus and bled.
  • 6. 2. Pneumonic Plague  Pneumonic plague was the second most commonly seen form during the Black Death.  Symptoms included fever, cough, and bloodtinged sputum. As the disease progressed, sputum became free flowing and bright red.
  • 7. 3. Septicemic Plague  Septicemic plague was the least common of the three forms.  Symptoms were high fevers and purple skin patches. (Even today, there is no cure.)
  • 8. Plague Doctors -A wide-brimmed black hat worn close to the head. At the time, this hat would have been identified a person as a doctor and may have also been used as partial shielding from infection. - A primitive gas mask in the shape of a bird's beak. The beak of the mask was often filled with strongly aromatic herbs and spices to overpower the miasmas or "bad air" which was also thought to carry the plague. - A long, black overcoat. The overcoat worn by the plague doctor was tucked in behind the beak mask at the neckline to minimize skin exposure.
  • 9. A plague doctor's duties were often limited to visiting victims to verify whether they had been afflicted or not.
  • 10. Vinegar and Rose water treatment If a person gets the disease, they must be put to bed. They should be washed with vinegar and rose water.
  • 11. Sanitation The streets should be cleaned of all human and animal waste. It should be taken by a cart to a field outside of the village and burnt. All bodies should be buried in deep pits outside of the village and their clothes should also be burnt.
  • 12. Lancing the buboes The swellings associated with the Black Death should be cut open to allow the disease to leave the body. A mixture of tree resin, roots of white lilies and dried human excrement should be applied to the places where the body has been cut open.
  • 13. Pestilence medicine Roast the shells of newly laid eggs. Ground the roasted shells into a powder. Chop up the leaves and petals of marigold flowers. Put the egg shells and marigolds into a pot of good ale. And warm it over a fire. The patient should drink this mixture every morning and night.
  • 14. Death Rate due to Plague During 1340 A.D -- 1450 A.D
  • 15. Is the Plague a Health Problem Today ? Worldwide, there are 1,000 to 3,000 cases of plague each year. Epidemic plague is generally associated with domestic rats. Almost all of the cases reported during the decade were rural. They occurred among people living in small towns and villages or in agricultural areas, rather than in larger, more developed towns and cities.

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