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SISTEM REPRODUKSI
SISTEM REPRODUKSI
SISTEM REPRODUKSI
SISTEM REPRODUKSI
SISTEM REPRODUKSI
SISTEM REPRODUKSI
SISTEM REPRODUKSI
SISTEM REPRODUKSI
SISTEM REPRODUKSI
SISTEM REPRODUKSI
SISTEM REPRODUKSI
SISTEM REPRODUKSI
SISTEM REPRODUKSI
SISTEM REPRODUKSI
SISTEM REPRODUKSI
SISTEM REPRODUKSI
SISTEM REPRODUKSI
SISTEM REPRODUKSI
SISTEM REPRODUKSI
SISTEM REPRODUKSI
SISTEM REPRODUKSI
SISTEM REPRODUKSI
SISTEM REPRODUKSI
SISTEM REPRODUKSI
SISTEM REPRODUKSI
SISTEM REPRODUKSI
SISTEM REPRODUKSI
SISTEM REPRODUKSI
SISTEM REPRODUKSI
SISTEM REPRODUKSI
SISTEM REPRODUKSI
SISTEM REPRODUKSI
SISTEM REPRODUKSI
SISTEM REPRODUKSI
SISTEM REPRODUKSI
SISTEM REPRODUKSI
SISTEM REPRODUKSI
SISTEM REPRODUKSI
SISTEM REPRODUKSI
SISTEM REPRODUKSI
SISTEM REPRODUKSI
SISTEM REPRODUKSI
SISTEM REPRODUKSI
SISTEM REPRODUKSI
SISTEM REPRODUKSI
SISTEM REPRODUKSI
SISTEM REPRODUKSI
SISTEM REPRODUKSI
SISTEM REPRODUKSI
SISTEM REPRODUKSI
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SISTEM REPRODUKSI

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  • 1. UNIVERSITAS SUTOMO S I S T E M RE P RODUK S I Ol e h : ABDUL AZ I Z 012005001
  • 2. Pe n g e r t i a n Si s t e mRe p r o d u k s i Si s t e m r e pr oduk s i , s u a t u r a n g k a i a n d a n i n t e r a k s i organ dan zat dalam organisme y a n g d i p e r g u n a k a n u n t u k b e r k e mb a n g b i a k .
  • 3. Or g a n Da l a mRe p r o d u k s i T e s t i s , me r u p a k a n k e l e n j a r k e l a mi n y a n g b e r j u ml a h s e p a s a n g d a n a k a n m e n g h a s i l k a n s e l -s e l E p i d i d i mi s , t e m p a t s p e r ma s e r t a h o r mo n p e m t a n g a n s e l -s e l s p e r m a . t e s t doesf t eer r eonns. , s a l u r a n y a n g Va s me n g h u b u n g k a n a n t a r a t e s t i s d e n g a n v e s i k u l a r s e mi n a l i s .
  • 4. Or g a n Da l a mRe p r o d u k s i Sa l ur a n e j a k u l a s i , me r u p a k a n s a l u r a n y a n g p e n d e k d a n me n g h u b u n g k a n v e s i k u l a U r e t r a , s a l u r a n t e mp a t s e mi n a l i s d e n g a n u r e t r a . k e l u a r n y a s e l -s e l s p e r m a . V e s i k u l a s e mi n a l i s a t a u k a n t u n g s e m e n (k a n t u n g m a n i ), m e n y i m p a n s e l -s e l
  • 5. Or g a n Da l a mRe p r o d u k s i Ke l e n j a r p r o s t a t , me n g h a s i l k a n c a i r a n y a n g b e r f u n g s i s e b a g a ia rp e m e lp ie h a(k a l e n j a r K l e nj Co w r r e k e h ib d u p a n rs ae ), m eenl e s p e r m a . bul our e t l -s t r a l k n s e t i a p u r i n a s a m y a n g ma s i h t e r s i s a d a l a m u r e t r a , d a n me mb a w a s e b a g i a n s p e r ma
  • 6. Or g a n L u a rRe p r o d u k s i P e n i s , me r u p a k a n o r g a n k o p u l a s i y a i t u h u b u n g a n a n t a r a a l a t k e l a mi n j a n t a n d a n b e t i n a u n t u k Sk r t u m, k a n m e m io n d a h m e r uspeam eann ksee d a l a m k l a p u t o re g a n n g kp u so d u k s ii sb e ta in n a . p mb u r e r t e s t y g me r u p a k a n p e l i n d u n g t e s t i s s e r t a me n g a t u r s u h u y a n g s e s u a i b a g i s p e r ma t o z o a .
  • 7. Kandung Kemih Vesikula seminalisKelenjar Prostat Kelenjar bulbouretralis Uretra Jaringan erektil Skrotum Vas deferens Epididimi s Testis Glans penis
  • 8. Rektum Vesikula seminalis Kandung kemih Tulang kemaluan Jaringan erektil penis Kelenjar bulbouretralis Uretra GlansKelenjar prostat penis Preputium Testis Vas deferens Skrotum
  • 9. Or g a n Da l a mRe p r o d u k s i O v a r i u m, s e b a g a i t e m p a t p e mb e n t u k k a n o v u m. F i mb r i a e , m e n a n g k a p s e l o v u m y a n g t e l a h ma t a n g y a n g d i k e l u a r k a n o l e h o v a r i u m.
  • 10. Or g a n Da l a mRe p r o d u k s i I n f u n d i b u l u m, m e n a m p u n g s e l o v u m y a n g d i t a n g k a p o l e h f i mb r a e . T u b a f a l l o p i , t e mp a t f e r t i l i s a s i d a n j a l a n s e l o v u m me n u j u u t e r u s d e n g a n b a n t u a n s i l i a .
  • 11. Or g a n Da l a mRe p r o d u k s i O v i d u k , me r u p a k a n s a l u r a n p a n j a n g k e l a n j u t a n d a r i t u b a - U t e r u s , t e mp a t p e mb e n t u k a n d a n f a l l o p i . p e r t u mb u h a n e mb r i o , a d a t i g a l a p i s a n d i n d i n g n y a , y a i t u : - P e r i me t r i u m, l a p i s a n d i n d i n g t e r l u a r ; - Mi o me t r i u m, l a p i s a n y a n g t e r d i r i s e l o t o t ; - E n d o me t r i u m, l a p i s a n t e r d a l a m y a n g t e r d i r i d a r i d a r a h me r a h .
  • 12. Or g a n Da l a mRe p r o d u k s i C e r v i x , me n g h u b u n g k a n u t e r u s d e n g a n s a l u r a n v a g i n a d a n s e b a g a i j a l a n k e l u a r n y a j a n i n d a r i u t e r u s me n u j u s a l u r a n v a g i n a .
  • 13. Or g a n Da l a mRe p r o d u k s i Sa l u r a n v a g i n a , me r u p a k a n s a l u r a n l a n j u t a n d a r i c e r v i x d a n s a mp a i p a d a v a Kl g i i t n o a r . s , me r u p a k a n i t o n j o l a n k e c i l y a n g t e r l e t a k d i d e p a n v u l v a . Se r i n g d i s e b u t d e n g a n k l e n t i t .
  • 14. Or g a n L u a rRe p r o d u k s i Va gi na , o r g a n k o p u l a s i d a n s a l u r a n p e r s a l i n a n Vul v a , me r u p a k a n s u a t u c e l a h y a n g t e r d a p a t d i b a g i a n l u a r d a n t e r b a g i me n j a d i 2 b a g i a n y a i t u : - L a b i u m ma y o r ; - L a b i u m mi n o r .
  • 15. F a s e Me n s t r u a s i- Ho r mo n y a n g b e r p e r a n , e s t r o g e n d a n p r o g e s t e r o n , p a d a l i ma h a r i p e r t a ma me n g a l a mi r e d u k s i- Se l t e l u r d a l a m l a p i s a n e n d o me t r i u m d i l e p a s b e r s a ma a n d e n g a n r o b e k n y a e n d o me t r i u m me l a l u i
  • 16. Fa s e Pr a o v u l a s i- Pa d a h a r i k e l i ma s a mp a i k e e mp a t b e l a s , h o r mo n y a n g b e k e r j a a d a l a h FSH d a n L H k e mu d i a n me n s t i m u l a s i s e l -s e l f o l i k e l me n g h a s i l k a n e s t e r o g e n d a n p r o g e s t e r o n .- Ra n g s a n g a n e s t e r o g e n d a n
  • 17. F a s e Ov u l a s i- Ha r i k e e mp a t b e l a s , s e k r e s i h o r mo n e s t e r o g e n s a n g a t b a n y a k .- Se k r e s i h o r mo n F S H mu l a i me n u r u n d a n d i g a n t i d e n g a n s e k r e s i h o r mo n L H .- St i mu l a s i h o r mo n L H p a d a f o l i k e l me n j a d i k a n f o l i k e l ma t a n g .
  • 18. Fa s ePa s c a o v u l a s i - Ha r i k e l i ma b e l a s s a mp a i h a r i k e d u a p u l u h d e l a p a n . - Fo l i k e l y a n g p e c a h me n j a d i k or pus l ut e um me n g h a s i l k a n h o r mo n p r o g e s t e r o n . - Da r a h t i d a k me n g a n d u n g h o r mo n e s t e r o g e n d a n p r o g e s t e r o n , e n d o me t r i u m
  • 19. - Pr o s e s t e r j a d i n y a p e mb u a h a n s e l t e l u r o l e h s p e r ma d a n b e r g a b u n g n y a k e d u a s e l t e r s e b u t .- Be r l a n g s u n g d a l a m ov i duk .- Ag a r s e l t e l u r d i b u a h i s p e r ma , s p e r ma me n g e l u r a k a n e n z i m hi a l ur oni da s e d a n pr ot e i na s e .
  • 20. - Sp e r ma d a n s e l t e l u r b e r s i f a t h a p l o i d (n = 23 k r o mo s o m) k e mu d i a n me n g h a s i l k a n z i g o t y a n g d i p l o i d (2n = 23 p a s a n g k r o m o s o m ).- Zi g o t b e r g e r a k me n u j u u t e r u s me l a l u i o v i d u k d a n me mb e l a h s e c a r a mi t o s i s .
  • 21. - Pe mb e l a h a n z i g o t me n g h a s i l k a n s e l -s e l y a n g b e r b e n t u k s a ma d i n a ma k a n mo r u l a- Pe mb e l a h a n mo r u l a me n g h a s i l k a n bl a s t os i t , f a s e n y a d i n a ma k a n bl a s t ul a .- L i ma h a r i s e t e l a h
  • 22. - Pada saat terjadinya ovulasi (masa subur) akan memberikan peluang lebih besar mendapatkan a n a k l a k i -l a k i , k a r e n a s p e r m a XY c e n d e r u n g l e b i h c e p a t d a n c e n d e r u n g me n c a p a i s e l t e l u r l e b i h d u l u . Di s a r a n k a n k o p u l a s i d i s a a t t e r j a d i o v u l a s i , p e l u a n g u n t u k me n g i n g i n k a n a n a k l a k i -
  • 23. - p H d i d a e r a h k e wa n i t a a n b e r p e r a n s a n g a t p e n t i n g . L i n g k u n g a n y a n g l e b i h a s a m c e n d e r u n g me n g h a s i l k a n a n a k p e r e m p u a n (k e a d a a n a s a m a k a n me mb u n u h s p e r ma X Y ) d a n k e a d a a n b a s a a k a n me n g h a s i l k a n a n a k l a k i - l a k i .- P o s i s i d a n k e d a l a ma n
  • 24. - J u m l a h sperma akan berpengaruh juga. Jumlah sperma yang lebih banyak akan meningkatkan peluang a n a k l a k i -l a k i , a d a d u a h a l y a n g d i l a k u k a n :
  • 25. 1. U n t u k a n a k l a k i -l a k i , p r i as e b a i k n y a l e b i h s e r i n gme n g g u n a k a n c e l a n al o n g g a r . Ha l i n id i k a r e n a k a n u n t u kme n i n g k a t k a n k e s u b u r a nd i ma n a t e s t i s me me r l u k a ns u h u y a n g l e b i h r e n d a h a g a rs p e r ma d a p a t b e r t a h a nh i d u p d a n k a r e n a s p e r ma X Yd a y a h i d u p l e b i h
  • 26. 2. Untuk a n a k p e r e m p u a n , p r i as e b a i k n y a ma n d i a i r h a n g a ts e g e r a s e b e l u m b e r h u b u n g a ni n t i m. D e n g a n c a r a i n is p e r ma X X a k a n l e b i hb e r p e l u a n g
  • 27. - T e r j a d i a p a b i l a i mp l a n t a s i b l a s t o s i t d e n g a n s e mp u r n a .- B e r l a n g s u n g k i r a -k i r a 266 h a r i a t a u 38 m i n g g u .
  • 28. - T r o p o b l a s a d a l a h s e l -s e l t e r l u a r d a r i b l a s t o i t y a n g me n g e l u a r k a n e n z i m p r o t e o l i t i k .- E mb r i o b l a s a d a l a h s e l -s e l b a g i a n d a l a m b l a s t o s i t y a n g t e r d a p a t b i n t i k b e n i h s e b a g a i h a s i l p e mb e l a h a n s e l n y a .
  • 29. - Fa s e b l a s t u l a b e r l a n j u t p a d a f a s e g a s t e r u l a .- B i n t i k b e n i h t u mb u h d a n me mb e l a h me n j a d i l a p i s a n y a n g b e r b e d a . E k t o d e r ma , me s o d e r ma , e n d o d e r ma
  • 30. - Se t e l a h mi n g g u k e d e l a p a n , e mb r i o me mb e n t u k b e r b a g a i o r g a n .- E mb r i o n y a d i s e b u t j a n i n a t a u f e t u s .- E mb r i o d i l i n d u n g i o l e h me mb r a n e k s t r a e mb r i o n i k d a r i t e k a n a n l u a r , j u g a s e b a g a i ma k a n a n b a g i
  • 31. Me mb r a n e k s t r a e mb r i o n i ky a n g d i ma k s u d a d a l a h :Ka n t ung k uni ngt e l u r , s e b u a h me mb r a n y a n gt e r b e n t u k d a r i p e r l u a s a nl a p i s a n e n d o d e r ma .A mn i o n , me mb r a n y a n gb e r f u n g s i s e b a g a ip e l i n d u n g e mb r i o b a i k d a r i
  • 32. A l a n t o i s , me mb r a n y a n gme mb e n t u k t a l i p u s a r a t a ua r i -a r i .
  • 33. - Be b e r a p a h o r mo n y a n g b e r p e r a n d a l a m p r o s e s k e l a h i r a n Ho r mo n Re l a k s i n Ho r mo n Es t e r o g e n Ho r mo n Pr o s t a g l a ndi n Ho r mo n Ok s i t o s i n
  • 34. Ga n g g u a nSi s t e mR K a p kr e r vda u i k a , k a n k e r- e n o g n s i y a n g t e r j a d i a k i b a t i n f e k s i v i r u s p a d a v a g i n a .- Ka n k e r r a h i m, g a n g g u a n y a n g d i t a n d a i d e n g a n p e r d a r a h a n p a d a v a g i n a s e c a r a t i d a k n o r ma l .- Pr o s t a t i s , g a n g g u a n y a n g t e r j a d i p a d a p r o s t a t
  • 35. Ga n g g u a nSi s t e mR H i p or g o n d dui s ms ,i g a n g g u a n- e p o a k e h o r mo n a n d r o g e n d a n t e s t o s t e r o n p a d a p r i a , s e h i n g g a d a p a t me n y e b a b k a n k e ma n d u l a n .- Ma n dul , g a n g g u a n y a n g t e r j a d i p a d a p r i a d a n wa n i t a . Pa d a p r i a , p r o d u k s i s p e r ma
  • 36. Pe n y a k i tMe n u l a rSe k s u a l- Go n o r e (K e n c i n g na n a h ), p e n y a k i t y a n g d i t a n d a i k e n c i n g y a n g b e r n a n a h . Pe n y a k i t i n i t e r j a d o k a r e n a i n f e k s i b a k t e r i Ne i s s e r i a go n n o r hoe a p a d a s a l u r a n k e n c i n g . Te r j a d i p a d a p r i a
  • 37. Pe n y a k i tMe n u l a rSe k s u a l- Si f i l i s (R a j a s i n g a ), p e n y a k i t y a n g d i s e b a b k a n o l e h b a k t e r i Tr e p o n e ma p a l l i d i u m p a d a s a l u r a n k e l a mi . S i f i l i s d a p a t me n y e r a n g p r i a d a n wa n i t a . Pe n y a k i t i n i d a p a t me n u l a r me l a l u i
  • 38. Pe n y a k i tMe n u l a rS A I k Ss (A c a ul i r e d- e D u q I mmu n e De f i c i e nc e Sy n d r o m e ), m e r u p a k a n p e n y a k i t y a n g t e r j a d i a k i b a t p e n u r u n a n k e k e b a l a n t u b u h . AI DS d i s e b a b k a n o l e h i n f e k s i v i r u s HI V. Vi r u s i n i me n y e r a n g s e l d a r a h p u t i h . Pe r l u w a k t u l a ma u n t u k
  • 39. Te k n o l o g i y a n gMe mb a n t u u n t u kRe p r o d u k s i p a d aM a m nui- A n s s ean t e s i s , t e k n o i i k p e n g a mb i l a n c a i r a n a mn i o n u n t u k d i a n a l i s i s s e c a r a g e n e t i k . Tu j u a n u n t u k me n g e t a h u i s e c a r a d i n i p e n y a k i t p a d a g e n e t i k .- Pe n c i t r a a n Bu n y i Ul t r a , a t a u p i n d a i b u n y i u l t r a me r u p a k a n s a l a h
  • 40. Te k n o l o g i y a n gMe mb a n t u u n t u kRe p r o d u k s i p a d aM a e r ut- F n s i i a l i s a s i I n Vi t r o, a t a u b a y i t a b u n g , me r u p a k a n c a r a l a i n u n t u k me mb a n t u p a s a n g a n y a n g i n g i n me mi l i k i a n a k , d e n g a n c a r a , o v u m d i f e r t i l i s a s i p a d a c a wa n p e t r i d i l a b o r a t o r i u m. J a n g k a wa k t u 2,5 h a r i , e m b r i o y a n g
  • 41. Te k n o l o g i y a n gMe mb a n t u u n t u kRe p r o d u k s i p a d aM a o nut- K n s r i a a s e p s i , me r u p a k a n s a l a h s a t u u p a y a y a n g d i l a k u k a n o l e h s u a mi d a n i s t r i u n t u k me n c e g a h p e mb u a h a n (f e r t i l i s a s i ) d a n k e h a mi l a n . Up a y a y a n g d i l a k u k a n d a p a t d e n g a n me t o d e r i n t a n g a n d a n me t o d e r i t me .

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