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SISTEM REPRODUKSI
 

SISTEM REPRODUKSI

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    SISTEM REPRODUKSI SISTEM REPRODUKSI Presentation Transcript

    • UNIVERSITAS SUTOMO S I S T E M RE P RODUK S I Ol e h : ABDUL AZ I Z 012005001
    • Pe n g e r t i a n Si s t e mRe p r o d u k s i Si s t e m r e pr oduk s i , s u a t u r a n g k a i a n d a n i n t e r a k s i organ dan zat dalam organisme y a n g d i p e r g u n a k a n u n t u k b e r k e mb a n g b i a k .
    • Or g a n Da l a mRe p r o d u k s i T e s t i s , me r u p a k a n k e l e n j a r k e l a mi n y a n g b e r j u ml a h s e p a s a n g d a n a k a n m e n g h a s i l k a n s e l -s e l E p i d i d i mi s , t e m p a t s p e r ma s e r t a h o r mo n p e m t a n g a n s e l -s e l s p e r m a . t e s t doesf t eer r eonns. , s a l u r a n y a n g Va s me n g h u b u n g k a n a n t a r a t e s t i s d e n g a n v e s i k u l a r s e mi n a l i s .
    • Or g a n Da l a mRe p r o d u k s i Sa l ur a n e j a k u l a s i , me r u p a k a n s a l u r a n y a n g p e n d e k d a n me n g h u b u n g k a n v e s i k u l a U r e t r a , s a l u r a n t e mp a t s e mi n a l i s d e n g a n u r e t r a . k e l u a r n y a s e l -s e l s p e r m a . V e s i k u l a s e mi n a l i s a t a u k a n t u n g s e m e n (k a n t u n g m a n i ), m e n y i m p a n s e l -s e l
    • Or g a n Da l a mRe p r o d u k s i Ke l e n j a r p r o s t a t , me n g h a s i l k a n c a i r a n y a n g b e r f u n g s i s e b a g a ia rp e m e lp ie h a(k a l e n j a r K l e nj Co w r r e k e h ib d u p a n rs ae ), m eenl e s p e r m a . bul our e t l -s t r a l k n s e t i a p u r i n a s a m y a n g ma s i h t e r s i s a d a l a m u r e t r a , d a n me mb a w a s e b a g i a n s p e r ma
    • Or g a n L u a rRe p r o d u k s i P e n i s , me r u p a k a n o r g a n k o p u l a s i y a i t u h u b u n g a n a n t a r a a l a t k e l a mi n j a n t a n d a n b e t i n a u n t u k Sk r t u m, k a n m e m io n d a h m e r uspeam eann ksee d a l a m k l a p u t o re g a n n g kp u so d u k s ii sb e ta in n a . p mb u r e r t e s t y g me r u p a k a n p e l i n d u n g t e s t i s s e r t a me n g a t u r s u h u y a n g s e s u a i b a g i s p e r ma t o z o a .
    • Kandung Kemih Vesikula seminalisKelenjar Prostat Kelenjar bulbouretralis Uretra Jaringan erektil Skrotum Vas deferens Epididimi s Testis Glans penis
    • Rektum Vesikula seminalis Kandung kemih Tulang kemaluan Jaringan erektil penis Kelenjar bulbouretralis Uretra GlansKelenjar prostat penis Preputium Testis Vas deferens Skrotum
    • Or g a n Da l a mRe p r o d u k s i O v a r i u m, s e b a g a i t e m p a t p e mb e n t u k k a n o v u m. F i mb r i a e , m e n a n g k a p s e l o v u m y a n g t e l a h ma t a n g y a n g d i k e l u a r k a n o l e h o v a r i u m.
    • Or g a n Da l a mRe p r o d u k s i I n f u n d i b u l u m, m e n a m p u n g s e l o v u m y a n g d i t a n g k a p o l e h f i mb r a e . T u b a f a l l o p i , t e mp a t f e r t i l i s a s i d a n j a l a n s e l o v u m me n u j u u t e r u s d e n g a n b a n t u a n s i l i a .
    • Or g a n Da l a mRe p r o d u k s i O v i d u k , me r u p a k a n s a l u r a n p a n j a n g k e l a n j u t a n d a r i t u b a - U t e r u s , t e mp a t p e mb e n t u k a n d a n f a l l o p i . p e r t u mb u h a n e mb r i o , a d a t i g a l a p i s a n d i n d i n g n y a , y a i t u : - P e r i me t r i u m, l a p i s a n d i n d i n g t e r l u a r ; - Mi o me t r i u m, l a p i s a n y a n g t e r d i r i s e l o t o t ; - E n d o me t r i u m, l a p i s a n t e r d a l a m y a n g t e r d i r i d a r i d a r a h me r a h .
    • Or g a n Da l a mRe p r o d u k s i C e r v i x , me n g h u b u n g k a n u t e r u s d e n g a n s a l u r a n v a g i n a d a n s e b a g a i j a l a n k e l u a r n y a j a n i n d a r i u t e r u s me n u j u s a l u r a n v a g i n a .
    • Or g a n Da l a mRe p r o d u k s i Sa l u r a n v a g i n a , me r u p a k a n s a l u r a n l a n j u t a n d a r i c e r v i x d a n s a mp a i p a d a v a Kl g i i t n o a r . s , me r u p a k a n i t o n j o l a n k e c i l y a n g t e r l e t a k d i d e p a n v u l v a . Se r i n g d i s e b u t d e n g a n k l e n t i t .
    • Or g a n L u a rRe p r o d u k s i Va gi na , o r g a n k o p u l a s i d a n s a l u r a n p e r s a l i n a n Vul v a , me r u p a k a n s u a t u c e l a h y a n g t e r d a p a t d i b a g i a n l u a r d a n t e r b a g i me n j a d i 2 b a g i a n y a i t u : - L a b i u m ma y o r ; - L a b i u m mi n o r .
    • F a s e Me n s t r u a s i- Ho r mo n y a n g b e r p e r a n , e s t r o g e n d a n p r o g e s t e r o n , p a d a l i ma h a r i p e r t a ma me n g a l a mi r e d u k s i- Se l t e l u r d a l a m l a p i s a n e n d o me t r i u m d i l e p a s b e r s a ma a n d e n g a n r o b e k n y a e n d o me t r i u m me l a l u i
    • Fa s e Pr a o v u l a s i- Pa d a h a r i k e l i ma s a mp a i k e e mp a t b e l a s , h o r mo n y a n g b e k e r j a a d a l a h FSH d a n L H k e mu d i a n me n s t i m u l a s i s e l -s e l f o l i k e l me n g h a s i l k a n e s t e r o g e n d a n p r o g e s t e r o n .- Ra n g s a n g a n e s t e r o g e n d a n
    • F a s e Ov u l a s i- Ha r i k e e mp a t b e l a s , s e k r e s i h o r mo n e s t e r o g e n s a n g a t b a n y a k .- Se k r e s i h o r mo n F S H mu l a i me n u r u n d a n d i g a n t i d e n g a n s e k r e s i h o r mo n L H .- St i mu l a s i h o r mo n L H p a d a f o l i k e l me n j a d i k a n f o l i k e l ma t a n g .
    • Fa s ePa s c a o v u l a s i - Ha r i k e l i ma b e l a s s a mp a i h a r i k e d u a p u l u h d e l a p a n . - Fo l i k e l y a n g p e c a h me n j a d i k or pus l ut e um me n g h a s i l k a n h o r mo n p r o g e s t e r o n . - Da r a h t i d a k me n g a n d u n g h o r mo n e s t e r o g e n d a n p r o g e s t e r o n , e n d o me t r i u m
    • - Pr o s e s t e r j a d i n y a p e mb u a h a n s e l t e l u r o l e h s p e r ma d a n b e r g a b u n g n y a k e d u a s e l t e r s e b u t .- Be r l a n g s u n g d a l a m ov i duk .- Ag a r s e l t e l u r d i b u a h i s p e r ma , s p e r ma me n g e l u r a k a n e n z i m hi a l ur oni da s e d a n pr ot e i na s e .
    • - Sp e r ma d a n s e l t e l u r b e r s i f a t h a p l o i d (n = 23 k r o mo s o m) k e mu d i a n me n g h a s i l k a n z i g o t y a n g d i p l o i d (2n = 23 p a s a n g k r o m o s o m ).- Zi g o t b e r g e r a k me n u j u u t e r u s me l a l u i o v i d u k d a n me mb e l a h s e c a r a mi t o s i s .
    • - Pe mb e l a h a n z i g o t me n g h a s i l k a n s e l -s e l y a n g b e r b e n t u k s a ma d i n a ma k a n mo r u l a- Pe mb e l a h a n mo r u l a me n g h a s i l k a n bl a s t os i t , f a s e n y a d i n a ma k a n bl a s t ul a .- L i ma h a r i s e t e l a h
    • - Pada saat terjadinya ovulasi (masa subur) akan memberikan peluang lebih besar mendapatkan a n a k l a k i -l a k i , k a r e n a s p e r m a XY c e n d e r u n g l e b i h c e p a t d a n c e n d e r u n g me n c a p a i s e l t e l u r l e b i h d u l u . Di s a r a n k a n k o p u l a s i d i s a a t t e r j a d i o v u l a s i , p e l u a n g u n t u k me n g i n g i n k a n a n a k l a k i -
    • - p H d i d a e r a h k e wa n i t a a n b e r p e r a n s a n g a t p e n t i n g . L i n g k u n g a n y a n g l e b i h a s a m c e n d e r u n g me n g h a s i l k a n a n a k p e r e m p u a n (k e a d a a n a s a m a k a n me mb u n u h s p e r ma X Y ) d a n k e a d a a n b a s a a k a n me n g h a s i l k a n a n a k l a k i - l a k i .- P o s i s i d a n k e d a l a ma n
    • - J u m l a h sperma akan berpengaruh juga. Jumlah sperma yang lebih banyak akan meningkatkan peluang a n a k l a k i -l a k i , a d a d u a h a l y a n g d i l a k u k a n :
    • 1. U n t u k a n a k l a k i -l a k i , p r i as e b a i k n y a l e b i h s e r i n gme n g g u n a k a n c e l a n al o n g g a r . Ha l i n id i k a r e n a k a n u n t u kme n i n g k a t k a n k e s u b u r a nd i ma n a t e s t i s me me r l u k a ns u h u y a n g l e b i h r e n d a h a g a rs p e r ma d a p a t b e r t a h a nh i d u p d a n k a r e n a s p e r ma X Yd a y a h i d u p l e b i h
    • 2. Untuk a n a k p e r e m p u a n , p r i as e b a i k n y a ma n d i a i r h a n g a ts e g e r a s e b e l u m b e r h u b u n g a ni n t i m. D e n g a n c a r a i n is p e r ma X X a k a n l e b i hb e r p e l u a n g
    • - T e r j a d i a p a b i l a i mp l a n t a s i b l a s t o s i t d e n g a n s e mp u r n a .- B e r l a n g s u n g k i r a -k i r a 266 h a r i a t a u 38 m i n g g u .
    • - T r o p o b l a s a d a l a h s e l -s e l t e r l u a r d a r i b l a s t o i t y a n g me n g e l u a r k a n e n z i m p r o t e o l i t i k .- E mb r i o b l a s a d a l a h s e l -s e l b a g i a n d a l a m b l a s t o s i t y a n g t e r d a p a t b i n t i k b e n i h s e b a g a i h a s i l p e mb e l a h a n s e l n y a .
    • - Fa s e b l a s t u l a b e r l a n j u t p a d a f a s e g a s t e r u l a .- B i n t i k b e n i h t u mb u h d a n me mb e l a h me n j a d i l a p i s a n y a n g b e r b e d a . E k t o d e r ma , me s o d e r ma , e n d o d e r ma
    • - Se t e l a h mi n g g u k e d e l a p a n , e mb r i o me mb e n t u k b e r b a g a i o r g a n .- E mb r i o n y a d i s e b u t j a n i n a t a u f e t u s .- E mb r i o d i l i n d u n g i o l e h me mb r a n e k s t r a e mb r i o n i k d a r i t e k a n a n l u a r , j u g a s e b a g a i ma k a n a n b a g i
    • Me mb r a n e k s t r a e mb r i o n i ky a n g d i ma k s u d a d a l a h :Ka n t ung k uni ngt e l u r , s e b u a h me mb r a n y a n gt e r b e n t u k d a r i p e r l u a s a nl a p i s a n e n d o d e r ma .A mn i o n , me mb r a n y a n gb e r f u n g s i s e b a g a ip e l i n d u n g e mb r i o b a i k d a r i
    • A l a n t o i s , me mb r a n y a n gme mb e n t u k t a l i p u s a r a t a ua r i -a r i .
    • - Be b e r a p a h o r mo n y a n g b e r p e r a n d a l a m p r o s e s k e l a h i r a n Ho r mo n Re l a k s i n Ho r mo n Es t e r o g e n Ho r mo n Pr o s t a g l a ndi n Ho r mo n Ok s i t o s i n
    • Ga n g g u a nSi s t e mR K a p kr e r vda u i k a , k a n k e r- e n o g n s i y a n g t e r j a d i a k i b a t i n f e k s i v i r u s p a d a v a g i n a .- Ka n k e r r a h i m, g a n g g u a n y a n g d i t a n d a i d e n g a n p e r d a r a h a n p a d a v a g i n a s e c a r a t i d a k n o r ma l .- Pr o s t a t i s , g a n g g u a n y a n g t e r j a d i p a d a p r o s t a t
    • Ga n g g u a nSi s t e mR H i p or g o n d dui s ms ,i g a n g g u a n- e p o a k e h o r mo n a n d r o g e n d a n t e s t o s t e r o n p a d a p r i a , s e h i n g g a d a p a t me n y e b a b k a n k e ma n d u l a n .- Ma n dul , g a n g g u a n y a n g t e r j a d i p a d a p r i a d a n wa n i t a . Pa d a p r i a , p r o d u k s i s p e r ma
    • Pe n y a k i tMe n u l a rSe k s u a l- Go n o r e (K e n c i n g na n a h ), p e n y a k i t y a n g d i t a n d a i k e n c i n g y a n g b e r n a n a h . Pe n y a k i t i n i t e r j a d o k a r e n a i n f e k s i b a k t e r i Ne i s s e r i a go n n o r hoe a p a d a s a l u r a n k e n c i n g . Te r j a d i p a d a p r i a
    • Pe n y a k i tMe n u l a rSe k s u a l- Si f i l i s (R a j a s i n g a ), p e n y a k i t y a n g d i s e b a b k a n o l e h b a k t e r i Tr e p o n e ma p a l l i d i u m p a d a s a l u r a n k e l a mi . S i f i l i s d a p a t me n y e r a n g p r i a d a n wa n i t a . Pe n y a k i t i n i d a p a t me n u l a r me l a l u i
    • Pe n y a k i tMe n u l a rS A I k Ss (A c a ul i r e d- e D u q I mmu n e De f i c i e nc e Sy n d r o m e ), m e r u p a k a n p e n y a k i t y a n g t e r j a d i a k i b a t p e n u r u n a n k e k e b a l a n t u b u h . AI DS d i s e b a b k a n o l e h i n f e k s i v i r u s HI V. Vi r u s i n i me n y e r a n g s e l d a r a h p u t i h . Pe r l u w a k t u l a ma u n t u k
    • Te k n o l o g i y a n gMe mb a n t u u n t u kRe p r o d u k s i p a d aM a m nui- A n s s ean t e s i s , t e k n o i i k p e n g a mb i l a n c a i r a n a mn i o n u n t u k d i a n a l i s i s s e c a r a g e n e t i k . Tu j u a n u n t u k me n g e t a h u i s e c a r a d i n i p e n y a k i t p a d a g e n e t i k .- Pe n c i t r a a n Bu n y i Ul t r a , a t a u p i n d a i b u n y i u l t r a me r u p a k a n s a l a h
    • Te k n o l o g i y a n gMe mb a n t u u n t u kRe p r o d u k s i p a d aM a e r ut- F n s i i a l i s a s i I n Vi t r o, a t a u b a y i t a b u n g , me r u p a k a n c a r a l a i n u n t u k me mb a n t u p a s a n g a n y a n g i n g i n me mi l i k i a n a k , d e n g a n c a r a , o v u m d i f e r t i l i s a s i p a d a c a wa n p e t r i d i l a b o r a t o r i u m. J a n g k a wa k t u 2,5 h a r i , e m b r i o y a n g
    • Te k n o l o g i y a n gMe mb a n t u u n t u kRe p r o d u k s i p a d aM a o nut- K n s r i a a s e p s i , me r u p a k a n s a l a h s a t u u p a y a y a n g d i l a k u k a n o l e h s u a mi d a n i s t r i u n t u k me n c e g a h p e mb u a h a n (f e r t i l i s a s i ) d a n k e h a mi l a n . Up a y a y a n g d i l a k u k a n d a p a t d e n g a n me t o d e r i n t a n g a n d a n me t o d e r i t me .