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SYMBOL OF COUNTRY Indonesia’s Pancasila: The word itself is derived from two Sanskrit words (old Java language), the first word is "panca" which means of five, and "sila" means of principles. In Indonesia’s language or bahasa people know Pancasila as “Lima Dasar” created the unity in diversity. These principles are being foundation of daily life in Indonesia in colorful beliefs and cultures. Pancasila officially being Indonesia’s symbol since Augustus 18, 1945 but Pancasila itself was born on June 1,1945 when Soekarno sent the first draft of Pancasila to Investigation Committee for Independence Efforts. http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2748.htm
GeographyArea: 2 million sq. km. (736,000 sq. mi.), about three times the size of Texas; maritime area: 7,900,000 sq. km.Cities: Capital--Jakarta (est. 8.8 million). Other cities--Surabaya 3.0 million, Medan 2.5 million, Bandung 2.5 million. Terrain: More than 17,500 islands; 6,000 are inhabited; 1,000 of which are permanently settled. Large islands consist of coastal plains with mountainous interiors.Climate: Equatorial but cooler in the highlands. http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2748.htm
Archipelago Komodo Island, Flores, NTT Nangapanda, Flores, NTT Bunaken, North Sulawesi Bali Island, Bali http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2748.htm
record highest volcanoes in the world Indonesia has more than 400 volcanoes and 130 of them, including active volcanoes. Part of the volcano is located on the sea floor and are not visible from the surface of the sea. Indonesia is a meeting place, a series of 2 active volcanoes (Ring of Fire). There are dozens of active fault in the area of Indonesia. www.indonesia.travel/en/discover-indonesia/florafauna
History eruptions Hiroshima Bom Atom Victims: 75,000 People 0,015 megaton Eruption: Dec 27, 1883 Karakatoa Volcanoes Victims: +/- 10,000 people 150 megaton . Eruption: 73,000 years ago Toba Super volcanoes Victims: World population is decrease and only about 30,000 people survive ~~ www.indonesia.travel/en/discover-indonesia/florafauna
Indonesia TIME 0 +2 +1 00:00 WIB 01:00 WITA 02:00 WIT http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2748.htm
Endemic flora Rafflesiaarnoldii in Sumatera Cendana (Santalum album) in Nusa Tenggara Black Orchid (Coelogynepandurata) in Borneo Bunga bangkai (Amorphophalus titanum) in Sumatera www.indonesia.travel/en/discover-indonesia/florafauna
Endemic fauna Anoa Pegunungan (Bubalus quarlesi) Sulawesi. Bekantan (Nasalis larvatus) Kalimantan. Komodo (Varanuskomodoensis) (P. Komodo). Babirusa (Babyrousa babyrussa) Sulawesi. Burung Kakatua Putih (Cacatua alba) Maluku Utara. BurungCenderawasih (Paradisea sp.) di Papua. www.indonesia.travel/en/discover-indonesia/florafauna
Endemic fauna Orang Utan Kalimantan (Pongo pygmaeus) in Borneo Kukang Java (Nycticebusjavanicus) pulau Java BurungRangkong (Buceros rhinoceros) in Borneo Arowana Dragon in Borneo www.indonesia.travel/en/discover-indonesia/florafauna
DANCES Pariang Dance from West Sumatera Legong Dance from Bali Mask Dance from Java Saman Dance from Aceh Peacock Dance from Java PenegUnif Dance from East Borneo
Traditional WEAPONS Badik from South Sulawesi Rencong from Aceh Keris from Java Kujang from Sundanese Mandau from Borneo
WOLD Heritages By UNESCO Borobudur Temple Compounds (1991) Batik (2009) Keris(2005) Prambanan Temple Compounds(1991) Angklung(2010)
EXCOTIC PLACES Begudul Bali Bromo, Central Java Kelimutu Lake 3 Colors Ninth level Water fall, Bengkulu Bunaken, North Sulawesi
Rupiah Currency $ 1. = +/- Rp. 8,750 Lowest Currency Exchange: 1. Zimbabwe dollar USD: 256,585,000 2. Somalia SOS Shilling USD: 33,000 3. Vietnam VND Dong USD: 19,487.704. São Tomé and Príncipe STD Dobra USD: 18,260.005. Iran IRR Rial USD: 10, 349.596. Indonesia IDR Rupiah USD: 8,750.00
EVERTHINGS HERE CAPITAL CITY JAKARTA Is Capital City of Indonesia, Jakarta was known with following names asSundaKelapa (397-1527), Jayakarta (1527-1619), Batavia (1619-1942), and Djakarta (1942-1972)
Position 6 12 S 106 48 E Population (2010 ) : 9.580.000* Area : 285.28 km2 Metro Area : 24.094.000 JAKARTA CITY
Indonesia is the largest Muslim country in the world. The number of Muslims in Indonesia around 216 million people or 88% of the population of Indonesia. Also has the largest number of mosques and the State of origin of the world's largest pilgrims.
Buddhist monument (temple) in the world is a temple of Borobudur in Central Java with a height 42 meters (10 levels) and long relief more than 1 km. Estimated to be over 40 years by a dynasty dynasty in the ancient Mataram kingdom (750-850).
Indonesia has the most shark species are 150 species.
Coral Reef (Coral Reef), Indonesia is the richest (18% of world total).
RafflesiaArnoldii is the largest flower in the world live in Sumatera.
Endangered animals on the island of Komodo dragons left only NTT is the largest lizard species in the world. with an average body length reaches up to 3.13 meters and weighing up to 165 kg.