Prepared by Toni Zawisa<br />May 2011<br />Late Start Justified for Philipsburg-Osceola Area High School<br />Data Sources...
Negatives Outweigh Positives<br />⇧$100,000 District Cost<br />(annually)<br />⇩$5,000 Annual Cost<br />⇧ Emotional & Beha...
www.sleepinfairfax.org<br />Teens experience a biological shift to a later sleep-wake cycle<br />The biological clock of c...
www.sleepinfairfax.org<br />Teens are chronically sleep-deprived<br />Teens need 9 ¼ hours of sleep.<br />Only 15 % get en...
Consequences of Sleep Deprived Teens<br />15 - 20 % increase in car accidents involving teens when they start school earli...
Late Start Justified for Philipsburg-Osceola Area High School<br />School Start Times and Teen Accidents<br />
2001 – 2010 PennDOT Data for Crashes by 16 & 17 Yr. Old Drivers <br />On State Routes by Geographic Areas of West Branch A...
2001 – 2010 PennDOT Data for Crashes by 16 & 17 Yr. Old Drivers <br />On State Routes by Geographic Areas of West Branch A...
Athletics Predicted to Return Later than 10PM School Nights<br />These 110 Varsity Athletes will be Negatively Affected by...
Penn Cambria – Start = 7:30 AM <br />October 13, 2010 <br />Crash kills Penn Cambria<br />student; 12 other pupils, bus<br...
Richland JH/HS Start Time 7:35 AM<br />High School Mourns Teen Death<br />Posted: 9:13 pm EST March 4, 2011<br />17-year-o...
Late Start Justified for Philipsburg-Osceola Area High School<br />School Start Times and Academic Performance<br />
Academic Study Area Boundary<br />
Grade 11 Math Scores Related to HS Start Times<br />
Grade 11  Advanced Math Scores Related to HS Start Times<br />
Grade 11 Reading Scores Related to HS Start Times<br />
Grade 11 % of Advanced Reading Scores Related to HS Start Times<br />
Secondary Students 2008 % Average Daily Attendance<br />
Preliminary 2010 Cohort Graduation Rate<br />
AM Bus Route Issues<br />Elementary Class Start 8:35/Secondary 8:31<br />
AM Bus Route Issues<br />Elementary Class Start 8:35/Secondary 8:31<br />
Some buses start routes earlier than needed adding to student “down time”<br />One route starts later than needed creating...
Athletics Leave Early – Sub Costs<br />Early Start Cost Savings = $4,275<br />Additional Class Time Gain to Students = 1 c...
Existing Contract - $4,247.92/day<br />New Draft Contract – New Contract Term – Unlimited Mileage to Accommodate Proposed ...
Relationship  to Other  District Proposals<br />Pay freeze – The governor has asked districts to freeze pay for employees....
Decreased Downtime/Increase Instruction Time<br />Transportation Schedule Efficiency<br />Revamp Professional Development ...
Eliminate “down time” between when all students arrive and start of classes<br />Eliminate Homeroom<br />Replace current b...
Present Elementary Schedule<br /> <br />Arrival at School  7:30-8:15<br />Classes Begin	8:35<br />Classes End 	2:45<br /> ...
Present Elementary Schedule<br /> <br />Arrival at School  7:30-8:15<br />Classes Begin	8:35<br />Classes End 	2:45<br /> ...
Present JH Schedule<br />Arrival at School 7:30-8:15<br />Classes Begin	8:31<br />Classes End	3:27<br />Classes	 42 min   ...
Present JH Schedule<br />Arrival at School   7:30-8:15<br />Classes Begin	8:31<br />Classes End	3:27<br />Classes	 42 min ...
Present SH Schedule<br />Arrival at School 7:30-8:15 <br />Classes Begin	8:31<br />Classes End	3:27<br />Classes	 	41 minu...
Present SH Schedule<br />Arrival at School 7:30-8:15 <br />Classes Begin	8:31<br />Classes End	3:27<br />Classes	 	41 minu...
Decreased Downtime/Increase Instruction Time<br />Transportation Schedule Efficiency<br />Revamp Professional Development ...
Negatives Outweigh Positives<br />⇧$100,000 District Cost<br />(annually)<br />⇩$5,000 Annual Cost<br />⇧ Emotional & Beha...
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School start time data presentation 5 2011

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Presentation for May 10, 2011 School Board Meeting justifying why JH/HS start time should not be earlier

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School start time data presentation 5 2011

  1. 1. Prepared by Toni Zawisa<br />May 2011<br />Late Start Justified for Philipsburg-Osceola Area High School<br />Data Sources for this Presentation were the:<br />PA Department of Education<br />Philipsburg – Osceola Area School District<br />and the PennDOT CDART Database<br />
  2. 2. Negatives Outweigh Positives<br />⇧$100,000 District Cost<br />(annually)<br />⇩$5,000 Annual Cost<br />⇧ Emotional & Behavioral Problems<br />⇩Missed Classes<br />⇧Professional Development Time<br />⇧ Teen Car Accidents<br />⇧Absenteeism and Tardiness<br />⇩ Down Time<br />⇩Academic Performance<br />
  3. 3. www.sleepinfairfax.org<br />Teens experience a biological shift to a later sleep-wake cycle<br />The biological clock of children shifts during adolescence, because of the timing of Melatonin secretion.<br />11 pm: Teens generally ready to fall asleep<br />8 am: Teens generally ready to wake up <br />This “delayed phase syndrome” conflicts with early school start times.<br />
  4. 4. www.sleepinfairfax.org<br />Teens are chronically sleep-deprived<br />Teens need 9 ¼ hours of sleep.<br />Only 15 % get enough sleep. <br />
  5. 5. Consequences of Sleep Deprived Teens<br />15 - 20 % increase in car accidents involving teens when they start school earlier; <br />increased absenteeism and tardiness; <br />increased abuse of substances, drugs, alcohol <br />increased depression and emotional difficulties; <br />increased behavioral problems; <br />decreased academic performance; <br />decreased athletic performance and difficulty in muscle recovery - potentially leading to greater number of sports injuries and slower recovery time following injuries; <br />increased falling asleep in class, poor memory and retention<br />increased obesity<br />
  6. 6. Late Start Justified for Philipsburg-Osceola Area High School<br />School Start Times and Teen Accidents<br />
  7. 7. 2001 – 2010 PennDOT Data for Crashes by 16 & 17 Yr. Old Drivers <br />On State Routes by Geographic Areas of West Branch Area, Harmony Area, MoValley and P-O Area School Districts<br />
  8. 8. 2001 – 2010 PennDOT Data for Crashes by 16 & 17 Yr. Old Drivers <br />On State Routes by Geographic Areas of West Branch Area, Harmony Area, MoValley and P-O Area School Districts<br />
  9. 9. Athletics Predicted to Return Later than 10PM School Nights<br />These 110 Varsity Athletes will be Negatively Affected by Earlier Start Time<br />
  10. 10. Penn Cambria – Start = 7:30 AM <br />October 13, 2010 <br />Crash kills Penn Cambria<br />student; 12 other pupils, bus<br />driver hurt <br />The accident took place around 7:30 a.m. on Route 53 in Gallitzin Township.<br />Joseph Stoy File<br />Photo/The Tribune-<br />Democrat<br />“He was that kid that everybody liked. No matter what he did, it was topnotch. He was No. 1 in his class. He was a top-notch wrestler, a top-notch cross country runner.<br />
  11. 11. Richland JH/HS Start Time 7:35 AM<br />High School Mourns Teen Death<br />Posted: 9:13 pm EST March 4, 2011<br />17-year-old Richland Area High School senior Kiersten Robertson was killed.<br />Richland Area High School Superintendent Tom Fleming described Kiersten as upbeat, positive, bubbly. He said she was very well loved by everyone who knew her and lots of friends. Fleming said Kiersten had been a swimmer and a dancer. She was supposed to have been in the March 4-6 performance of the high school musical.<br />
  12. 12. Late Start Justified for Philipsburg-Osceola Area High School<br />School Start Times and Academic Performance<br />
  13. 13. Academic Study Area Boundary<br />
  14. 14.
  15. 15. Grade 11 Math Scores Related to HS Start Times<br />
  16. 16. Grade 11 Advanced Math Scores Related to HS Start Times<br />
  17. 17. Grade 11 Reading Scores Related to HS Start Times<br />
  18. 18. Grade 11 % of Advanced Reading Scores Related to HS Start Times<br />
  19. 19. Secondary Students 2008 % Average Daily Attendance<br />
  20. 20. Preliminary 2010 Cohort Graduation Rate<br />
  21. 21. AM Bus Route Issues<br />Elementary Class Start 8:35/Secondary 8:31<br />
  22. 22. AM Bus Route Issues<br />Elementary Class Start 8:35/Secondary 8:31<br />
  23. 23. Some buses start routes earlier than needed adding to student “down time”<br />One route starts later than needed creating possible VoTech Bus Lateness<br />Some Buses are under utilized <br />Double Elementary School Unloads increases student “down time” at elementary schools<br />At least one route is excessively long resulting in a very early start, a long ride – route should be split<br />Current Bus Route Inefficiencies<br />
  24. 24. Athletics Leave Early – Sub Costs<br />Early Start Cost Savings = $4,275<br />Additional Class Time Gain to Students = 1 class period<br />
  25. 25. Existing Contract - $4,247.92/day<br />New Draft Contract – New Contract Term – Unlimited Mileage to Accommodate Proposed School Schedules - $6,164.00/day<br />$1,916.08 Increase Per Day<br />$344,894.40 Increase Per Year<br />$103,468.32 in Additional Cost to the District<br />Transportation Costs23 Buses + VoTech(Does not include Fuel Costs)<br />
  26. 26. Relationship to Other District Proposals<br />Pay freeze – The governor has asked districts to freeze pay for employees. The administration has entered a dialogue with the unions about a pay freeze for teachers, staff and administrators. <br />A freeze would save about $400,000. <br /> <br />
  27. 27. Decreased Downtime/Increase Instruction Time<br />Transportation Schedule Efficiency<br />Revamp Professional Development Schedule<br />Decrease Lost Class Time by Athletes<br />Reduce the Amount Spent on Substitutes<br />Separate Secondary and Elementary Routes<br />Minimize Ride Time<br />District Proposal Points/Needs<br />
  28. 28. Eliminate “down time” between when all students arrive and start of classes<br />Eliminate Homeroom<br />Replace current breakfast with a “Grab & Go” breakfast<br />Implement an “Opt Out” Bus Program to Reduce Bus Stops/Bus Time<br />Carefully Review and Scrutinize Bus Routing Efficiencies and Perform Periodic Refresher Checks<br />Implement Phys Ed Credit for Varsity Sports for District Phys Ed Requirements that Exceed State Requirement – Schedule Last Period of the Day<br />Alternative Solutions<br />
  29. 29. Present Elementary Schedule<br /> <br />Arrival at School 7:30-8:15<br />Classes Begin 8:35<br />Classes End 2:45<br /> <br />Teacher Day 8:15-3:35<br />Professional Development <br /> 2 hours each Wednesday<br />Year: 1020 hours<br /> <br /> <br /> <br /> <br /> <br /> <br /> Proposed Elementary Schedule<br /> <br />Arrival at School 8:20-8:30<br />Classes Begin 8:45<br />Classes End 3:15 <br /> <br />Teacher Day 8:15-3:23<br />Professional Development <br />60 min/week<br /> <br />Year: 1080 hours <br />
  30. 30. Present Elementary Schedule<br /> <br />Arrival at School 7:30-8:15<br />Classes Begin 8:35<br />Classes End 2:45<br /> <br />Teacher Day 8:15-3:35<br />Professional Development <br /> 2 hours each Wednesday<br />Year: 1020 hours<br /> <br /> <br /> <br /> <br /> <br /> <br /> Alternative Elementary Schedule<br /> <br />Arrival at School 7:45-8:15<br />Classes Begin 8:20<br />Classes End 2:30<br /> <br />Teacher Day 8:15-3:23<br />Professional Development <br />60 min/week<br /> <br />Year: 1080 hours <br />
  31. 31. Present JH Schedule<br />Arrival at School 7:30-8:15<br />Classes Begin 8:31<br />Classes End 3:27<br />Classes 42 min Flex 42 min<br />Student Educational Time 5:36<br />Teacher Day 8:15-3:35 <br /> 7hours 20 minutes<br />Professional Development<br />2 hours each Wednesday<br />Year: 5.6hrs/day X 180 days = 1008 hours<br /> <br /> Proposed JH Schedule<br />Arrival at School 7:20-7:30<br />Classes Begin 7:35<br />Classes End 2:28<br />Classes 46 min Flex 40 min<br />Student Educational Time 6:00 <br />Teacher Day 7:20-2:28 <br />7 hours 08 minutes <br /> Professional Development 60 min/week <br />  1 hour/week<br />Year: 6 hrs/day X 180 days = 1080 hrs<br />
  32. 32. Present JH Schedule<br />Arrival at School 7:30-8:15<br />Classes Begin 8:31<br />Classes End 3:27<br />Classes 42 min Flex 42 min<br />Student Educational Time 5:36<br />Teacher Day 8:15-3:35 <br /> 7hours 20 minutes<br />Professional Development<br />2 hours each Wednesday<br />Year: 5.6hrs/day X 180 days = 1008 hours<br /> <br /> Alternative JH Schedule<br />Arrival at School 7:45-8:10<br />Classes Begin 8:15<br />Classes End 3:08<br />Classes 46 min Flex 40 min<br />Student Educational Time 6:00 <br />Teacher Day 8:00-3: 08 <br />7 hours 08 minutes <br /> Professional Development 60 min/week <br />  1 hour/week<br />Year: 6 hrs/day X 180 days = 1080 hrs<br />
  33. 33. Present SH Schedule<br />Arrival at School 7:30-8:15 <br />Classes Begin 8:31<br />Classes End 3:27<br />Classes 41 minutes<br />Student Educational Time <br />5 hour 51 minutes<br />Teacher Day 8:15-3:35 <br />7 hours 20 minutes<br />Professional Development<br />2 hours each Wednesday<br />Year: 5.8hrs/day X 180 days = 1044 hrs <br /> <br /> Proposed SH Schedule<br />Arrival at School 7:20-7:30<br />Classes Begin 7:35<br />Classes End 2:28<br />Classes 44 minutes<br />Student Educational time<br /> 5 hours 55 minutes<br />Teacher Day 7:20-2:28 <br />7 hours 08 minutes<br /> Professional Development <br />60 min/week <br /> <br />Year: 6 hrs/day X 180 days = 1080 hrs <br />
  34. 34. Present SH Schedule<br />Arrival at School 7:30-8:15 <br />Classes Begin 8:31<br />Classes End 3:27<br />Classes 41 minutes<br />Student Educational Time <br />5 hour 51 minutes<br />Teacher Day 8:15-3:35 <br />7 hours 20 minutes<br />Professional Development<br />2 hours each Wednesday<br />Year: 5.8hrs/day X 180 days = 1044 hrs <br /> <br /> Alternative SH Schedule<br />Arrival at School 7:45-8:10<br />Classes Begin 8:15<br />Classes End 3:08<br />Classes 44 minutes<br />Student Educational time<br /> 5 hours 55 minutes<br />Teacher Day 8:00-3:08<br />7 hours 08 minutes<br /> Professional Development <br />60 min/week <br /> <br />Year: 6 hrs/day X 180 days = 1080 hrs <br />
  35. 35. Decreased Downtime/Increase Instruction Time<br />Transportation Schedule Efficiency<br />Revamp Professional Development Schedule<br />Decrease Lost Class Time by Athletes<br />Reduce the Amount Spent on Substitutes<br />Separate Secondary and Elementary Routes<br />Minimize Ride Time<br />District Proposal Needs Met By Alternative Proposal<br />√<br />√<br />√<br />√<br />√<br />X<br />√<br />
  36. 36. Negatives Outweigh Positives<br />⇧$100,000 District Cost<br />(annually)<br />⇩$5,000 Annual Cost<br />⇧ Emotional & Behavioral Problems<br />⇩Missed Classes<br />⇧Professional Development Time<br />⇧ Teen Car Accidents<br />⇧Absenteeism and Tardiness<br />⇩ Down Time<br />⇩Academic Performance<br />

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