W3C Open Annotation: Status and Use Cases
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W3C Open Annotation: Status and Use Cases

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Presentation at OAI8 in Geneva about Open Annotation and its possible impact on scholarly communication.

Presentation at OAI8 in Geneva about Open Annotation and its possible impact on scholarly communication.

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W3C Open Annotation: Status and Use Cases W3C Open Annotation: Status and Use Cases Presentation Transcript

  • OAI8: Innovations in Scholarly CommunicationJune 19-21 2013, Geneva, Switzerland1Open Annotation Community Grouphttp://www.w3.org/community/openannotation/W3C Open Annotation: Status and Use CasesRobert Sandersonazaroth42@gmail.comLos Alamos National Laboratory@azaroth42Paolo Ciccaresepaolo.ciccarese@gmail.comHarvard Medical School@paolociccarese(Community Group Co-Chairs)
  • OAI8: Innovations in Scholarly CommunicationJune 19-21 2013, Geneva, Switzerland2Open Annotation Community Grouphttp://www.w3.org/community/openannotation/Web Annotation HistoryAndreessen adds and removes annotationcapabilities from MosaicW3C Annotea (nothing new after 2005)Third Voice (discontinued 2001)Google Sidewiki (discontinued 2011)Open Annotation CollaborationAnnotation Ontology… many failed annotation start ups …… many more failed annotation start ups …
  • OAI8: Innovations in Scholarly CommunicationJune 19-21 2013, Geneva, Switzerland3Open Annotation Community Grouphttp://www.w3.org/community/openannotation/Community Group HistoryAO and OAC initial Face to Face in AlbuquerqueCommunity Group Face to Face in BostonFirst Draft of Joint SpecificationCommunity Group Face to Face in ChicagoWest Coast (US) Rollout, iAnnotate13East Coast (US) Rollout, WebSci13European Rollout, OAI8???Second Draft of Joint Specification
  • OAI8: Innovations in Scholarly CommunicationJune 19-21 2013, Geneva, Switzerland4Open Annotation Community Grouphttp://www.w3.org/community/openannotation/Interoperability is made of PeopleWhy a Community Group?http://www.w3.org/community/openannotation/
  • OAI8: Innovations in Scholarly CommunicationJune 19-21 2013, Geneva, Switzerland5Open Annotation Community Grouphttp://www.w3.org/community/openannotation/Drilling Down a Little…
  • OAI8: Innovations in Scholarly CommunicationJune 19-21 2013, Geneva, Switzerland6Open Annotation Community Grouphttp://www.w3.org/community/openannotation/W3C Open Annotation Community Group•  Established after reconciliation of Open AnnotationCollaboration and Annotation Ontology models•  89 participants from around the world: 6th largest of 128 groupsMany universities, also commercial and not-for-profitMission:Interoperability between Annotation systems and platforms, by…following the Architecture of the Web…reusing existing web standards…providing a single, coherent model to implement…which is orthogonal to the domain of interest…without requiring adoption of specific platforms…while maintaining low implementation costs
  • OAI8: Innovations in Scholarly CommunicationJune 19-21 2013, Geneva, Switzerland7Open Annotation Community Grouphttp://www.w3.org/community/openannotation/Why Care About Interoperability?Users:•  Avoid vendor lock-in•  Avoid end-of-life loss of content•  Share with yourself or others using different systems
  • OAI8: Innovations in Scholarly CommunicationJune 19-21 2013, Geneva, Switzerland8Open Annotation Community Grouphttp://www.w3.org/community/openannotation/Why Care About Interoperability?Developers:•  Build on existing code libraries, tools and systems•  Community of developers for questions•  Data model covers a myriad of use cases,No need to think them all up again
  • OAI8: Innovations in Scholarly CommunicationJune 19-21 2013, Geneva, Switzerland9Open Annotation Community Grouphttp://www.w3.org/community/openannotation/Why Care About Interoperability?Content Providers:•  Leverage what your users are saying, where they say it•  Build community around your resources•  Consumer as Producer (Web 2.0)•  Semantic Web (Web 3.0)•  Someone else will do it…
  • OAI8: Innovations in Scholarly CommunicationJune 19-21 2013, Geneva, Switzerland10Open Annotation Community Grouphttp://www.w3.org/community/openannotation/Why Care About Interoperability?Annotation is made of People!
  • OAI8: Innovations in Scholarly CommunicationJune 19-21 2013, Geneva, Switzerland11Open Annotation Community Grouphttp://www.w3.org/community/openannotation/What is Annotation?An Annotation is considered to be a set of connectedresources, typically including a body and target, wherethe body is related to the target.“ ”Highlighting, BookmarkingCommenting, DescribingTagging, LinkingClassifying, IdentifyingQuestioning, ReplyingEditing, ModeratingUsers Annotate To:…Provide an Aide-Memoire…Share and Inform…Improve Discovery…Organize Resources…Interact with Others…Create as well as Consume
  • OAI8: Innovations in Scholarly CommunicationJune 19-21 2013, Geneva, Switzerland12Open Annotation Community Grouphttp://www.w3.org/community/openannotation/Basic Data Modelhttp://www.openannotation.org/spec/core/
  • OAI8: Innovations in Scholarly CommunicationJune 19-21 2013, Geneva, Switzerland13Open Annotation Community Grouphttp://www.w3.org/community/openannotation/Use Case: Peer Review
  • OAI8: Innovations in Scholarly CommunicationJune 19-21 2013, Geneva, Switzerland14Open Annotation Community Grouphttp://www.w3.org/community/openannotation/Use Case: Organization - Bookmarking
  • OAI8: Innovations in Scholarly CommunicationJune 19-21 2013, Geneva, Switzerland15Open Annotation Community Grouphttp://www.w3.org/community/openannotation/Use Case: Organization - Tagging
  • OAI8: Innovations in Scholarly CommunicationJune 19-21 2013, Geneva, Switzerland16Open Annotation Community Grouphttp://www.w3.org/community/openannotation/Further Specification of ResourcesSpecific Body and Specific Target resources identify the region ofinterest, and/or the state of the resource.Need to be able to describe the state of the resource, the segmentof interest, and potentially styling hints for how to render it.We introduce:State Describes how to retrieve representationSelector Describes how to select segmentStyle Describes how to render/process segmentScope Describes context of the resource
  • OAI8: Innovations in Scholarly CommunicationJune 19-21 2013, Geneva, Switzerland17Open Annotation Community Grouphttp://www.w3.org/community/openannotation/Use Case: Specific Note Taking
  • OAI8: Innovations in Scholarly CommunicationJune 19-21 2013, Geneva, Switzerland18Open Annotation Community Grouphttp://www.w3.org/community/openannotation/Use Case: Dynamic Knowledge
  • OAI8: Innovations in Scholarly CommunicationJune 19-21 2013, Geneva, Switzerland19Open Annotation Community Grouphttp://www.w3.org/community/openannotation/Future of AnnotationModel:•  Selectors for new media types•  More explicit motivations•  Collections of AnnotationsProtocols:•  REST•  Search and Ranking ResultsTrust:•  Reputation and Identity•  Controlling Access and Digital Signatures
  • OAI8: Innovations in Scholarly CommunicationJune 19-21 2013, Geneva, Switzerland20Open Annotation Community Grouphttp://www.w3.org/community/openannotation/Future of Annotation?Challenge to know if/when to move to formal standards process•  Informal (Community Group):•  More flexible•  No membership requirements•  Important for short term engagement•  Formal (Working Group):•  Actually becomes a standard•  Important for long term adoptionLikely move to formal process in 2014,unless objections or significant changes required
  • OAI8: Innovations in Scholarly CommunicationJune 19-21 2013, Geneva, Switzerland21Open Annotation Community Grouphttp://www.w3.org/community/openannotation/Thank YouRobert Sandersonazaroth42@gmail.comLos Alamos National Laboratory@azaroth42Paolo Ciccaresepaolo.ciccarese@gmail.comHarvard Medical School@paolociccarese(Community Group Co-Chairs)http://www.w3.org/community/openannotation/http://www.openannotation.org/http://www.flickr.com/photos/hinkeb/5232293964/