The ring of fire 3


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The ring of fire 3

  1. 1. What is the Ring of Fire A zone along the edge of Pacific Ocean that has many Volcanoes and Earthquakes.( Source 2) The horseshoe shaped belt stretches about 25,000 miles from New Zealand northwest to the Philippines, northeast to Japan, east to Alaska, and South to Oregon, California, Mexico, and the Andes Mountains of South America.( Source 2) It is a large ring of Stratovolcanoes circling the Pacific Ocean.( Source 3)
  2. 2. The Ring of Fire
  3. 3. How many Volcanoes and Earthquakes are in the Ring of Fire? About 350 historically active Volcanoes in the Ring of Fire.( Source 2) Home to 452 Volcanoes and 75% of worlds active and dormant Volcanoes. ( Source 1) 90% of the worlds earthquakes are on the Ring of Fire.( Source 1) 89% of worlds largest earthquakes happen along Ring of Fire.( Source 1)
  4. 4. How was the Ring of Fire made? It is associated with a nearly continuous series of oceanic trenches, volcanic arcs, and volcanic belts, and/or plate movements.( Source 1)
  5. 5. What is affected because of the Ring of Fire? 4 Continents are affected because of the Ring of Fire ( Asia, Oceania, North America, and South America.) ( Source 1) 8 Tectonic Plates are affected ( Pacific plate, Cocos plate, Nazca plate, Philippine plate, North American plate, Eurasian plate, Indo-Australia, and South American plate.) ( Source 2)
  6. 6. What is the best known dormant Volcanoes in the Ring of Fire? Top 5 most known Dormant Volcanoes in Ring of Fire are…. ( Source 4) 1: MT. Rainier 2: MT. Fuji 3: MT. Hood 4: MT. Shasta 5: MT. Edgecumbe
  7. 7. Are the Volcanoes in the Hawaiian Islands part of the Ring of Fire? Mona Loa and Kilauea in the Hawaiian Islands are not part of the Ring of Fire. ( Source 2)
  8. 8. What are some examples of Volcanoes or Earthquakes that are on the Ring of Fire Some examples are……
  9. 9. Mt. St. Helens Mt. St. Helens is a Volcano that is part of the Ring of Fire that erupted in 1980.( Source 1)
  10. 10. The San Francisco earthquake of 1989. The San Francisco earthquake of 1989 is part of Ring of Fire.( Source 1)
  11. 11. Mt. Popocatepetl Popocatepetl is a Volcano in Mexico that is part of Ring of Fire that last erupted in 2012 it is ongoing.( Source 1)
  12. 12. Mt. Fuji Mt. Fuji is a Volcano in Japan that’s part of the Ring of Fire it last erupted in 1707-08. ( Source 1)
  13. 13. Mt. Pinatubo Mt. Pinatubo is a Volcano in Indonesia and part of Ring of Fire and it last erupted in 1991. ( Source 1)
  14. 14. Mayon Volcano Mayon Volcano is part of the Ring of Fire it last erupted in 2010 it is in the Philippines.( Source1)
  15. 15. Mt. Edziza Mt. Edziza is a volcano in British Columbia, Canada that is part of the Ring of Fire it last erupted in 1340 BP.( Source 1)
  16. 16. Chile Chile ( located in South America and is part of Ring of Fire) holds the record for the largest earthquake ever recorded in 1960 at 9.5.( Source 1)
  17. 17. My Graph 17
  18. 18. Bibliography Source 1: Wikimedia Foundation, INC. (March 19 2012) The Pacific Ring of Fire. Wikipedia. March 19 2012. < > Source 2: World Book, INC. (2005) World Book encyclopedia 2005 edition. Chicago,Illinois: World Book, INC. Source 3: BrainPOP. (1999-2012). Volcanoes. BrainPop. (March 19 2012). <> 18 18
  19. 19. Bibliography (continued...) Source 4: Yahoo! (2012) What are the top 5 most known dormant volcanoes in the ring of fire? Yahoo! Answers. (March 19 2012). <> 19 19
  20. 20. My ExperimentQuestion:Would the area surrounding Mt. Pinatubo or the Mayon Volcano be most effected by one volcanic eruption?
  21. 21. Hypothesis I think that the Mayon Volcano would be most effected because that the volcano is just going up like a roof and it has a lot of little trenches that would help the lava flow through them like streams and it would get to the towns quicker than it would to Mt. Pinatubo. 21 21
  22. 22. Materials 2 5lb air dry modeling clay 2 Gatorade bottles 2 cookie pans Vinegar Baking Soda 2 measuring cups Dawn dishwashing detergent Monopoly houses and hotels 22 22
  23. 23. Materials (continued...) a funnel a tablespoon warm tap water red food coloring 23 23
  24. 24. Procedure 1. Place the empty Gatorade bottle on the cookie pan, 2. Place the air dry clay around the Gatorade bottle 3. Smooth out the clay to look like a replica of the volcano being compared. 4. Repeat steps 1-3 once more 5. Pick one of the volcanoes made to experiment on first 24 24
  25. 25. Procedure (continued....) 6. Pour 3/5 of a cup of vinegar in one of the measuring cups 7. Pour 1 cup of warm water in the other measuring cup 8. Put 5 drops of red food coloring in the warm water 9. Pour 1/2 of the water in the bottle 10. Pour 2 drops of dishwashing detergent in the bottle 25 25
  26. 26. Procedure (continued...) 11. Pour all 3/5 of the vinegar in the bottle 12. Scoop 1 tablespoon of baking soda 13. Place the 1 scoop in the bottle 14. Watch and enjoy 26
  27. 27. Variables– Controlled Variables:  Type of Clay  Type/amount used of Baking soda  Type/amount used of vineagar  Type/amount used of dishwashing detergent  Type of center for volcano  Type/amount of food coloring– Independent Variables:  Size of Volcano  Shape of Volcano  Number of houses at base of volcano– Dependent Variables:  The formant of the surface of the volcano 27 27
  28. 28. Conclusion My hypothesis was wrong I thought that the Mayon Volcano would do more damage because of the trenches in the area surrounding it. But it didn’t. The reason that Mt. Pinatubo did more damage is because that the mouth of Mt. Pinatubo is wider and would allow more lava to be released to the open area. Another reason is that Mt. Pinatubo on its eruption is that the lava poured down on all fours of the volcano. 28 28
  29. 29. Conclusion (continued...) Also that since Mt. Pinatubo is smaller and closer to the ground the lava would flow faster from a smaller thing to the ground. I would change the fact to use dishwashing detergent and the volcanoes that are being compared. 29 29
  30. 30. My Experiment 30 30