APA Citation Style
In-text Citation
By: Noorazalia Izha Haron
Documentation of Sources
When

referring to an IDEA THAT IS NOT
OUR OWN (one that has been drawn
from another source), cite the idea as
someone el...
Order

of the citation: in parenthesis, the
author’s name, a comma, and the year of
publication:
◦ Community policing inv...
APA Style

IEEE Style

Full name: Aaron Brown

Full name: Aaron Brown

…(Brown, 2008)
According to Brown (2008), …

…[1]
A...
You

MUST cite the source each time you
draw from it; not just the first time you
use it in a text.

When to cite?
Important:

if you DIRECTLY QUOTE a
text, you must put the quote in
QUOTATION MARKS:
◦ “Community policing involves devel...
Our

IN-TEXT CITATION MUST be tallied
with the REFERENCE LIST (appears at
the end of your report):
◦ Community policing i...
Sources

without author. Write the FIRST
THREE WORDS of the article:
◦ Community policing involves developing a
relations...
Sources

without date. Write “n.d.” (no
date) after the author’s name:
◦ Community policing involves developing a
relatio...
Two

authors:

◦ Community policing involves developing a
relationship between citizens and the police
department (Jones ...
 Three to six authors:
 First citation, list all authors:
◦ Community policing involves developing a relationship
betwee...
 Organisation

or agency (such as a government
agency) as the author:
◦ Community policing involves developing a relation...
To

cite work by A in another work by B:

◦ Laila (2009, as cited in Khoo, 2010) states …
◦ … (Laila, 2009 as cited in Kh...
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Apa citation-style-azalea

  1. 1. APA Citation Style In-text Citation By: Noorazalia Izha Haron
  2. 2. Documentation of Sources
  3. 3. When referring to an IDEA THAT IS NOT OUR OWN (one that has been drawn from another source), cite the idea as someone else’s. Example: ◦ Community policing involves developing a relationship between citizens and the police department (Jones, 2005). When to cite?
  4. 4. Order of the citation: in parenthesis, the author’s name, a comma, and the year of publication: ◦ Community policing involves developing a relationship between citizens and the police department (Jones, 2005). Author’s name Year of publication The Order of Citation
  5. 5. APA Style IEEE Style Full name: Aaron Brown Full name: Aaron Brown …(Brown, 2008) According to Brown (2008), … …[1] According to [1], … Full name: Anita binti Sarawak Full name: Anita binti Sarawak …(Anita, 2009) Anita (2009) states … …[2] [2] states … Full name: Tan Boon Keong Full name: Tan Boon Keong …(Tan, 2010) Tan (2010) found … …[3] [3] found … Full name: Priyanka Chopra Full name: Priyanka Chopra …(Priyanka, 2011) Priyanka (2011) suggests … …[4] [4] suggests … Various Authors’ Names
  6. 6. You MUST cite the source each time you draw from it; not just the first time you use it in a text. When to cite?
  7. 7. Important: if you DIRECTLY QUOTE a text, you must put the quote in QUOTATION MARKS: ◦ “Community policing involves developing a relationship between citizens and the police department” according to one source (Jones, 2005, p. 48). Direct quotation MUST include PAGE NUMBER. When to cite?
  8. 8. Our IN-TEXT CITATION MUST be tallied with the REFERENCE LIST (appears at the end of your report): ◦ Community policing involves developing a relationship between citizens and the police department (Jones, 2005, p. 48). References Jones, A. (2005). Community policies for teenagers. Hartford, CT: Scholarly Publishers, Inc. When to cite?
  9. 9. Sources without author. Write the FIRST THREE WORDS of the article: ◦ Community policing involves developing a relationship between citizens and the police department (“Community policies for”, 2005). No authors
  10. 10. Sources without date. Write “n.d.” (no date) after the author’s name: ◦ Community policing involves developing a relationship between citizens and the police department (Jones, n.d.). No date
  11. 11. Two authors: ◦ Community policing involves developing a relationship between citizens and the police department (Jones & Smith, 2005). ◦ According to Jones and Smith (2005), community policing involves developing a relationship between citizens and the police department. Two authors
  12. 12.  Three to six authors:  First citation, list all authors: ◦ Community policing involves developing a relationship between citizens and the police department (Jones, Smith, & White, 2005).  Subsequent citations, only list the first author, and follow it up with “et al.” (and others): ◦ Community policing involves developing a relationship between citizens and the police department (Jones, et al.). ◦ Follow the SEQUENCING of the authors’ names as appears on the book Three to Six Authors
  13. 13.  Organisation or agency (such as a government agency) as the author: ◦ Community policing involves developing a relationship between citizens and the police department (Malaysia Department of Justice, 2005). Organisation / Agency as Author
  14. 14. To cite work by A in another work by B: ◦ Laila (2009, as cited in Khoo, 2010) states … ◦ … (Laila, 2009 as cited in Khoo, 2010). Indirect Source
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