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Presentation to the University of Arizona (UofA) Engineering Student Council (ESC) on IBM Watson, Smarter Computing, and Career Advice.

Presentation to the University of Arizona (UofA) Engineering Student Council (ESC) on IBM Watson, Smarter Computing, and Career Advice.

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  • 1. Tony Pearson – IBM Master Inventor and Senior Managing Consultant28 March 2011 The University of Arizona Engineering Student CouncilEntering the Engineering Workforce in theEra of Smarter Computing © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 2. Agenda Introduction: Tony Pearson, IBM The new Era of Smarter Computing Some advice on entering the Engineering workforce3 © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 3. About the Speaker – Tony Pearson University of Texas, Austin 1981 Pearson Kurath Systems University of Arizona IBM Software Development – B.S. Computer Engineering – DFSMS for z/OS mainframe – M.S. Electrical Engineering – Tivoli Storage Productivity Center – Linux for S/390 mainframe Public Speaking – Master Inventor, 19 Patents – Faculty Loan Program – Dale Carnegie IBM Brand Marketing – Mandel Communications – Chief Marketing Strategist – “Inside System Storage” blog and books Community – Second Life / Virtual Worlds – Junior Achievement – Liquid Brand Agency – Society of Hispanic Professional Engineers (SHPE) IBM Executive Briefing Center – One Laptop Per Child 2011 – Storage Managing Consultant – FIRST Lego League – Faces of Smarter Planet – Computerworld Magazine4 © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 4. About IBM IBM Rankings as of 2010 IBM Research #1 company for leaders (Fortune) #1 in U.S. Patents, 18 years in a Software row and Sales, Systems Marketing #2 best global brand (Interbrand) Group and #3 green company (Newsweek) Strategy Global #15 most admired company Business (Fortune) and Technical #18 most innovative company Services (Fast Company) #20 largest firm in the U.S. Finance, HR, Legal (Fortune) #33 largest globally (Forbes) 400,000 Employees Worldwide5 © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 5. IBM Celebrates its 100th Year Computers: Internet: • Mainframe Computer • IBM, MCI and Merit • IBM Personal Computer formed the original • Punched Card, Floppy Disk, DRAM backbone of the Internet • IBM Deep Blue, IBM WatsonGames: Retail: • Sony PlayStation • UPC Bar Code • Nintendo Wii • Magnetic Stripe • Xbox 360 • Automated Teller Machines (ATM) Health: • IBM BlueGene Transporation: • Laser Surgery • Sabre: First Airline Reservation System • Magnetic Resonance • Railways Management System Imagery (MRI) • FORTRAN helped put a man on the moon • City of Stockholm Traffic System6 © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 6. Agenda Introduction: Tony Pearson, IBM The new Era of Smarter Computing Some advice on entering the Engineering workforce7 © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 7. Transitioning to a New Era of Smarter Computing Centralized Distributed Smarter Computing Computing Computing Thousands of IT Professionals Billions of People Millions of Office Workers 1952 1981 Today8 © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 8. New Insights and Innovation from Big Data Single trusted version of the truth Big Data Analyzing Structured and Unstructured data sources Manage the explosive growth of information Cloud Optimized Systems9 © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 9. Easy Questions?ln((12,546,798 * π)) ^ 2 / 34,567.46 = 0.00885Select Payment where Owner=“David Jones” and Type(Product)=“Laptop” Owner Serial Number David Jones 45322190-AK Invoice # Vendor Payment INV10895 Lenovo $104.56 Serial Number Type Invoice # 45322190-AK Laptop INV10895 David Jones Dave Jones David Jones = David Jones ≠1010 © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 10. Integrating Big Data will Unlock New Insights Streams filters incoming data Unstructured data OLAP OLTP RTAP Structured Data Reuse Warehouse Analytic models Persistent Data Real-Time Data11 © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 11. Managing Workloads with Optimized Systems Big Data Advanced Technology and broad product portfolio Cloud Optimized Integrated stacks architected Systems to address unique workload requirements Automated and policy-driven to optimize use of resources12 © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 12. IBM Watson –Smarter Computing is here today A System Designed for Answers Built on a cluster of commercially available hardware and advanced analytics software • 10 frames holding 90 servers • 2,880 processor cores • 15 TB of DRAM memory Addresses natural language questions with accuracy and confidence in seconds not hours or days Processes massive array of information including unstructured “Big Data” • 200 million pages of text13 © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 13. Real-Time Game Configuration Used in Sparring and Exhibition Games Insulated and Clue Grid Self-Contained Human Player 1 Decisions to Watson’s Buzz and Bet QA Engine Clue & Strategy Category 2,880 Jeopardy! Watson’s IBM Power750 Game Game Compute Control Controller Answers & Cores System Confidences Text-to-Speech 15 TB of Memory Human Player 2 Clues, Scores & Other Game Data Analysis of natural language content equivalent to 1 Million Books14 © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 14. Precision, Confidence & Speed Deep Analytics – Combining many analytics in a novel architecture, we achieved very high levels of Precision and Confidence over a huge variety of as-is content. Speed – By optimizing Watson’s computation for Jeopardy! on over 2,880 POWER7 processing cores we went from 2 hours per question on a single CPU core to an average of just 3 seconds. Results – in 55 real-time sparring games against former Tournament of Champion Players last year, Watson put on a very competitive performance in all games -- placing 1st in 71% of the them!15 © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 15. New Choices for Deployment Big Data New models of IT service deployment and delivery are emerging Cloud Optimized Integrated service management Systems provides visibility, control and automation Self-service, economies-of-scale, and flexible sourcing options16 © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 16. Cloud Computing – A Disruptive New Paradigm? “Clouds will transform the information technology (IT) industry… profoundly change the way people work and companies operate.” Cloud computing is a pay-per-use model for enabling network access to a pool of computing resources that can be provisioned and released rapidly with minimal Cloud Computing management effort or service provider interaction. Application Service Source: U.S. National Institute of Provider Standards and Technology ( Grid Computing Time-Sharing Pay-per-use Network access Pool of Resources Rapid Elasticity Self-service17 © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 17. Cloud Deployment and Delivery Models Enterprise Public cloud Backup/Archive eMail / Office Apps Web Hosting Delivery Private cloud Hybrid cloud Models Conferencing Desktop Deployment Business Develop / Test Models Process Mining / Analytics Software-as-a-Service Traditional Help Desk (SaaS) enterprise IT Bandwidth Middleware and Development Tools Packaged Apps Platform-as-a-Service Compliance (PaaS) Proprietary Servers, Storage and Networking Hardware Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS)18 © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 18. The Next Era of Computing Big Data Smarter Computing The Era of Insight for Discovery • Move beyond transactional data to unlock insight and innovation from new sources • Integrate software and hardware to optimize Optimized performance and efficiency Cloud Systems • Automate and deliver services rapidly and efficiently at scale19 © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 19. Agenda Introduction: Tony Pearson, IBM The new Era of Smarter Computing Some advice on entering the Engineering workforce20 © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 20. Advice on Entering the Engineering Workforce – Find Balance Find the right balance between the three key 2 Prepare For Your Next Job activities Learn new skills that may not help you in your current job role, but will position you to move forward when opportunities arise. This could also be your “Plan B” or Exit Strategy. 1 Do Your “Day Job” Well Find the right balance between the time you 3 Make Your Boss spend on the job doing your assignments, and 20% Look Good all the other stuff you A part of every job is to help need to do to move your 20% your boss look good, and to career forward make your department or team look good 60%21 © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 21. 1. Do Your “Day Job” Well Do not confuse “Activity” with “Accomplishment” • Focus on results, not time spent • Results-Oriented Work Environment (ROWE) • Put major accomplishments on your résumé “Everyone who has a job should figure out what tools they use, keep those tools functioning properly, and learn to use them well.” – Sam Golob Find an organization system that works for you • Getting Things Done • Take notes at every meeting • SmartPhone, Planner, or Hipster PDA22 © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 22. 2. Prepare for Your Next Job Broad Skills Don’t Pigeonhole yourself • An Engineering degree does not limit your career options Deep Skills • Some Engineers move on to become CEOs, Patent Lawyers, Marketing Strategists, Project Engineering Administration Business Liberal Arts Accounting Economics Managers or Consultants • In addition to “deep skills” for your day job, develop “broad skills” that position you for promotions and new opportunities S&P 500 CEOs – Most Common Undergraduate Degrees Source: SpencerStuart, CEO Study: A Statistical Snapshot of Leading CEOs, 200423 © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 23. 3. Make Your Boss Look Good “Your boss isnt your best friend, babysitter, shrink or social worker” -- Scott Reeves, Forbes • Develop a working relationship • Anticipate your boss’s needs Life is a Popularity Contest • Get along with everyone • Avoid sending “Flaming Arrows” • Workaholics and perfectionists don’t last very long Be Kevin Bacon, Not Charlie Sheen Don’t overdo it. It’s • Be the “Go-To” Resource 20% not your job to fall on your boss’s sword • Learn to be a “Search Ninja”24 © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 24. IBM is Hiring!Example: S_D-0394205 Entry Level IT Architect Required: Bachelor or Masters Degree in Computer Science, Information Technology or Computer Engineering Java, C, C++ programming Excellent written and oral communication skills Ability to work well individually and in teams High technical aptitude Search and Excellent analytical and problem solving skills Apply for Jobs at Readiness to travel 25% annually IBM.COM/start Fluent in English Knowledge or aptitude in one of more of the following is a plus: Portal / User Experience Design Analytics Business Process Management (BPM) Services Oriented Architecture (SOA) Industry Experience (for example: Retail, Banking, Media/Entertainment, Healthcare, Electronics)25 © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 25. Questions and Answers (Q&A)26 © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 26. More about Tony Pearson Social Networks: • (blog) • • • • Tony’s book series “Inside System Storage” Volume I and Volume II are available in various formats: www.lulu.com27 © 2011 IBM Corporation
  • 27. Trademarks and Disclaimers© IBM Corporation 1994-2011. All rights reserved.References in this document to IBM products or services do not imply that IBM intends to make them available in every country.Permission granted to The University of Arizona and the Engineering Student Council to provide copies of this presentation to its members.IBM, the IBM logo, Dynamic Infrastructure, and are registered trademarks, and other company, product or service names may be trademarks or service marks ofInternational Business Machines Corporation in the United States, other countries, or both. A current list of IBM trademarks is available on the Web at, Intel logo, Intel Inside, Intel Inside logo, Intel Centrino, Intel Centrino logo, Celeron, Intel Xeon, Intel SpeedStep, Itanium, and Pentium are trademarks or registeredtrademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries.Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds in the United States, other countries, or both.Microsoft, Windows, Windows NT, and the Windows logo are trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States, other countries, or both.UNIX is a registered trademark of The Open Group in the United States and other countries.Java and all Java-based trademarks are trademarks of Sun Microsystems, Inc. in the United States, other countries, or both.Other company, product, or service names may be trademarks or service marks of others.Information is provided "AS IS" without warranty of any kind.The customer examples described are presented as illustrations of how those customers have used IBM products and the results they may have achieved. Actualenvironmental costs and performance characteristics may vary by customer.Information concerning non-IBM products was obtained from a supplier of these products, published announcement material, or other publicly available sources and doesnot constitute an endorsement of such products by IBM. Sources for non-IBM list prices and performance numbers are taken from publicly available information,including vendor announcements and vendor worldwide homepages. IBM has not tested these products and cannot confirm the accuracy of performance, capability, orany other claims related to non-IBM products. Questions on the capability of non-IBM products should be addressed to the supplier of those products.All statements regarding IBM future direction and intent are subject to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only.Some information addresses anticipated future capabilities. Such information is not intended as a definitive statement of a commitment to specific levels of performance,function or delivery schedules with respect to any future products. Such commitments are only made in IBM product announcements. The information is presented hereto communicate IBMs current investment and development activities as a good faith effort to help with our customers future planning.Performance is based on measurements and projections using standard IBM benchmarks in a controlled environment. The actual throughput or performance that anyuser will experience will vary depending upon considerations such as the amount of multiprogramming in the users job stream, the I/O configuration, the storageconfiguration, and the workload processed. Therefore, no assurance can be given that an individual user will achieve throughput or performance improvementsequivalent to the ratios stated here.Photographs shown may be engineering prototypes. Changes may be incorporated in production models.28 © 2011 IBM Corporation