** The Demographics of India are remarkably diverse.* India’s population is approximately 1.2 billion.* Comprises one-sixth of the world’s population.* India has more than two thousand ethnic groups.* Further complexity is lent by the great variation that occurs across this population on social parameters such as income and education.* The above figures are very alarming given the size of the country and its population.
** It is to be noted that India has grown 5 times its size in one Century (1901 – 2001)* Everyyear no. of birth in India are equal to the population of Australia or Sri Lanka.* The population of our country is still growing at an alarming rate. The more it keeps growing the more problems Indians will have to face as a result of limited resources.* There is a need for government to take some serious action against increasing population.
*Following graph shows how India’s population has drastically increased in last century:-
** Despite the fact that India was the first country in the world to have a population policy, but it has not achieved much in terms of population control.* Indiais facing an intense crisis of resources. There is furious competition for the nations limited natural resources leading to quarrels between states, between communities and even families. Our land and water resources are being exploited to the extreme.* The exploitation of mineral resources is threatening forests, nature reserves, and ecology. Over use of resources is contributing to natural disasters occurring more frequently and with greater impact.
** Populationis the only non-depleting resource and a parameter of a countrys development. In a country like India where the factors contributing to population growth far outweigh the factors for development, population is no longer a resource but a burden to society.* Indias population policy has been guided by the perception that a growing population is a serious impediment to development efforts.
*Launched National Population Policy in 2000* Immediate objective: To improve health services* Medium term objective: To bring birth rate to 21 by 2010 & total fertility rate to 2.1* Long term objective: Stabilize population by 2045Some of the targets of NPP are:-* Reducing maternal mortality rate below 100 per one- lakh live births* Providing information & counseling without discrimination* To reduce Infant mortality to below 30 per thousand* Prevention & control of all communicable diseases* Creating awareness about small family* Integrating social welfare with family planning* School education up to 14 years free & compulsory
** The country is in real threat and if this threat is not being taken care of, everything will be destroyed.* If the trend continues, people should prepare for the worse conditions ever. Our honorable ministers talk about poverty, unemployment, crimes, shortage of land, water, food. But nobody talks about this menace which is the root cause of all the problems.* Everybody should realize in the interest of this country that population explosion will ruin the country and thousands of more problems will arise.* Our population is increasing at the rate of 1.5 crore per annum. Just think it seriously, where would you get the safe drinking water, how would you be able to generate employment for such a huge proportion of people. Cities will turn into a stinking tank. India would be the biggest slum holder. This gloomy picture will become reality one day and it has already started showing the threat.
*There is only one solution for the biggest problem of India which ifnot controlled, will destroy the country. The law of 1 child per familyshould be strictly followed. There should be certain clauses in thelaw:* 2nd child should be penalized.* If the family goes for third child, they should be debarred for the voting rights, they should be banned for govt. jobs, there ration cards should be cancelled.* Special benefits should be given to the poor families who are having one child.* If the family is having a girl, he should be given permanent govt. job or other financial benefits.The above law, if implemented will go a long way in curbing thethreat of population explosion. It has to be done very quickly becausetime is running out and we don’t have any options at all. We have tosave this country from complete destruction.
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