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Ayush Agarwal

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My presentation about the history g guitars! Hope you like it!

My presentation about the history g guitars! Hope you like it!

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  • Name : Ayush Agarwal Class : 9-’M’Roll no. : 8
  • The guitar became successful because of its abilities to express emotion and the players heart. This instrument is able to be played in multiple genres which may be the main factor to why its popularity grew so fast. The guitar was first created in Spain but its history cannot be traced back farther then the late 15th century. When it was first created it was considered an outcast only being played at the home and around campfires rather than being played in concert halls. This Spanish-styled instrument was setup very different then the way the modern guitar is setup. The body, neck and head was built the same however the strings were setup as four sets of double strings called courses. What this means is that the guitar had two strings tuned to the same note etcetera. As this instrument evolved and became more popular a fifth course was added being tuned to A which was added to give more bass quality to the instrument as it was played.
  • As the guitar aged and evolved more and more people started to pick up the guitar and learned how to play it. By the early 1500’s the guitar moved from small homes and towns to performance halls as well as stages and started to become more accepted in the higher social statuses. Because the guitar was becoming more mainstream many players wanted to have an instrument that appealed to the audiences eyes. The fact that the guitar was being played by “richer” people many guitar designers and crafters started to design better and better designs. As the centuries past and many of the high socialists owned guitars people like Benjamin Franklin as well as Andrew Jackson learned how to play this instrument. By the 1850’s the modern style guitar was created by C.F. Martin who was and still is one of the top guitar crafters in the world.
  • By the beginning of the 20th century over 78000 guitar were produced in a single year, which at this point in time was an outstanding production rate for an instrument. As guitar crafters continued to improved design features to try and create that perfect sound, many people were turning to steel strings due to the fact that they seemed to last longer as well has provide the player with a louder sound because steel has better vibration properties compared to nylon. From the early 20th century to around 1930 the guitar did not change besides the fact that constructors were building different models of guitars. It wasn’t until 1931 that the guitar stepped into the world of electrification when Rickenbacker introduced the Hawaiian guitar called “The Frying Pan”. It consisted of a small, flat, circular body and was casted from aluminum. This allowed good vibration but it also cause feedback which was a problem. Because of its flaws, The Frying Pan really did not become very popular. It wasn’t until 1936 that Gibson introduced its first electric guitar called the ES-150. The ES-150 immediately became popular with Jazz players and could stand out when being played because amplification carried out the guitars sound.Image: http://invention.smithsonian.org/centerpieces/electricguitar/images/02-02_full.jpg
  • Because the ES-150 was a hollow body guitar, its freedom to vibrate caused problems with feedback as well as distortion. In order to fix this many companies saw the solution was to create a guitar that would be less susceptible to these vibrations thus the solid body was introduced. Since the guitars body was a solid piece of wood it made it hard for the guitar to vibrate and in turn fixed the problems that earlier electric guitars had. With this problem fixed a new company of the time, known as Fender, released its first guitar known as “The Broadcaster”. “The Broadcaster” was the first mass produced guitar and was, and still is, high in popularity. However, the name “Broadcaster” was already in use so the Fender company changed the name to “The Telecaster”, as it is called today. In order to compete with guitars high demand, Gibson teamed up with Les Paul, a well known acoustic player at the time, to create one of the most popular guitars of all times, “The Les Paul”. “The Les Paul” was released in 1952 and was significantly larger and heavier then the much popular “The Telecaster”.Image: http://www.guitarplayerscenter.com/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2008/02/fender_telecaster-rot45.jpg
  • By the beginnings of the 1960’s the electric guitar was in full maturity. Guitar makers had been experimenting with different constructions up to this point and the players had found which guitar produced the best sounds. In 1961, Gibson released the first semi hollow body guitar which was called the ES-335. The ES-335 was capable of producing a fuller and richer tone than most solid-bodied electric guitars, but was prone to feedback when played through an amplifier. Many players enjoyed this instrument because of its sound but also because it was much light and easier to carry compared to the conventional solid body. Throughout the 1960’s many players continued to use guitars produced by Fender and Gibson as well as Rickenbacker. However, by the late 1960’s many players like Jimi Hendrix and Jeff Beck mainly used the Stratocaster for the fact that it created a crunch sound when played with distortion and gave the player more control of feedback which were both popular effects in 1960’s Rock N’ Roll. In addition, the Gibson SG was popular with Jimmy Paige and Eric Clapton. Image: http://mikedemicco.com/images/instruments/fender_stratocaster-rot45.jpg
  • The main parts of the guitar consists of three vital parts and four others. The three vital parts include the body, which is the biggest and house many of the other parts, the neck which houses the frets and supports the strings and the head which is essential for the string as well as tuning due to the fact that the tuning pegs are attached. As for other parts such as the bridge which holds the 170 pounds of pressure that is put on the face of the guitar. The way sound is magnified from the strings of an acoustic and from an electric guitars work are complete different. In an acoustic guitar the sound travels from the strings into the guitar where it bounces of the inside walls and exits back out of the guitar. The way it does this is by traveling through the sound hole which is only in acoustic guitars. The pick guard protects the finish on the guitar from being damaged from the strumming of he pick. Image: http://www.axemail.com/images/fullsizeimages/fcd60.jpg
  • The main parts of the electric guitar consists of 3 basic parts and 5 other parts. The basic parts include the body, which is the biggest and house many of the other parts, the neck which houses the frets and supports the strings and the head which is essential for the string as well as tuning due to the fact that the tuning pegs are attached. As for other parts such as the bridge which holds the 170 pounds of pressure that is put on the face of the guitar. The way sound is magnified from the strings of an acoustic and from an electric guitars work are complete different. In an electric guitar the sound is picked up by the pick-ups which then turns the actual sound into electrical frequencies which is then exits out of the amplifier. The pick guard protects the finish on the guitar from being damaged from the strumming of he pick. Image: http://www.drumza.com/images/FenderDeluxeRoadhouseStratocasterElectricGuitar3ToneSunburst.jpg
  • When the electric guitar was first introduced; along with it came a device in which could amplify the vibrations produced by the guitars strings. These first amplifiers were introduced by Gibson and Rickenbacker. With this amplifiers came effects which allowed the players change the sounds produce from the amplifiers. However, these effects did not come around until the late 1960’s. With today’s technologies the main effects used when playing include the Wah-wah, Distortion, Vibrato, Flanger, Tremolo, and Delay. The Wah is a guitar effect which sweeps the peak response of a filter up and down in frequency to create the Wah; Distortion is an effect which at the most subtle adds a "warm" thickness to the original tone; Vibrato changes the pitch to create a vibrato or pitch bend effect; Tremolo allows a performer to lower or raise the pitch of a note or chord which is can be done using the guitar’s whammy bar, Delay is when the amplifier, or pedal, records an input signal and then plays it back after a changeable amount of time. These effects can be turned on or off at the players command located either on a pedal or on the amplifier itself. If the effect is created by a pedal then in most cases the pedal is of one specific effect, however, there are pedals that create a multitude of effects.Image: http://www.comparestoreprices.co.uk/images/fe/fender-fm212r-guitar-amplifier.jpg
  • Thank You

Transcript

  • 1. By: Ayush Agarwal
    9-’M’
    Guitar: History
  • 2. From Blues to Rock N’ Roll, the guitar has developed over time to be one of the most versatile and popular instruments; able to be played, tuned, and built differently, the guitar can be used in any genre of music.
    Thesis
  • 3. Classical style guitars have been around since the late 15th.
    Was considered an “Outcast” being played at home rather then at concerts.
    The first Spanish guitars were setup with four sets of double strings.
    As it entered the 16th century, a fifth course was added.
    Guitar History – 1400’s- 1500’s
    (Bacon and Hunter)
  • 4.
    • The guitar moved from peasantry to performance stage. (Guitar History)
    • 5. This inspired builders to design better and better designs. (Guitar History)
    • 6. People like Benjamin Franklin played the guitar as well as Andrew Jackson. (Bacon and Hunter)
    • 7. By the 1850’s the modern style guitar was created by C.F. Martin. (History of the Guitar)
    Guitar History – 1500’s- 1800’s
  • 8.
    • In 1900, over 78,000 guitar were produced that year.
    (History of the Guitar)
    • The 20th century allowed manufacturers
    to create steel-stringed guitars.
    (History of the Guitar)
    • By 1931 the first electric guitar was
    introduced; “The Frying Pan”. (Chapman)
    • The Electric Guitar did not become
    popular until Gibson Released the ES-150
    in 1936. (Bacon and Hunter)
    Guitar History- 1900- 1930’s
  • 9.
    • Because of the problems with feedback many guitar crafters created “solid body guitars”. (PBS)
    • 10. The first mass produced guitar was
    “The Broadcaster” released by Fender
    in 1949. (Bacon and Hunter)
    • Gibson introduced the famous
    “Les Paul” in 1952. (World New Digest)
    • Fender and Gibson Continued to release guitars. (Chapman)
    Guitar History: 1930’s- 1950’s
  • 11. By the 1960’s the guitar was in full maturity.
    In 1961, Gibson release the ES-335 which was
    a semi-hollow body guitar.
    The Strat and The SG were
    both popular models among
    players.
    Guitar History: 1960’s
    (Bacon and Hunter)
  • 12. Parts of the Acoustic guitar
    Tuning Pegs
    Head
    Neck
    Body
    Sound Hole
    Pick Guard
    Bridge
  • 13. Parts of The Electric Guitar
    Tuning Pegs
    Head
    Neck
    Body
    Pick-ups
    Pick guard
    Bridge
    Control Knobs
  • 14. The first guitar amplifiers were introduced in the 1930’s
    Wah-wah, Distortion, Vibrato
    Tremolo, Delay and Reverb.
    Effects can be turned off at
    the players command.
    Guitar Amplification and Effects
    (Bacon and Hunter)
  • 15. Brazilian Rosewood Maple
    Mahogany Indian Rosewood
    Types of Wood
  • 16. Swamp Ash *Mahogany
    Alder * Basswood
    Types of Wood
  • 17.
  • 18. Thank You
    You can read about guitar HERE
    To see images of guitar, click HERE