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Vagbhata, April-May 1985, Magazine

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  1. 1. j R, irl ; ,ui /r ,/ t:S:"i tir . { : r,1 rn-: !ii. d, I ;,t -,,::# ir".J:. .: ,.t:.: . .ste , i.9 -. iE: -i .r :-b. €F: jt .,. 1,:* ...Ei S : +4*q,. 1 Jr: t :li , i+j{}i}
  2. 2. ,.;., .:,.s gbtm INTERhIATIO}IAL MONTI{LY JOURNAL OF A{JAVCDAAND TRADITIONAL SYSTFMS OF re - lrEDlclNc lN {NGLtsg & TTALTAYATAM (SEPARATF} EDlrloNs April-May 1985 lssue-4-5 CONTENTS Pages t 4Readers Views is Expanding 5Editorial - Ayurveda-sastra is declaining and the DepartmentA Ci.tlcgpt of Basri-chikitsa to Prevent-the }:#lgR.p. swami, K.Govardhan. 7Concept of Disease in AYurvada Dr Sunil Datt Sharnts 9Thei-Mediial lnterview. and Ayurvedic clinical Methods v.parmar, B.M.Nirmal. 15Promising Ayurvidic Oral Contraceptive A: Geetha, M Anandavalli Amma C. P . R. Nair, M., Sqbhadra Nair 19Ayurdedic APProch to Sex Dr. I. Ramakrishna 25 C. S. Yudav, C. L. Yadav 28ldentirication or Kalanchoe Spathulata DC 31Vagbhatas tour of lndia The Physician on the sea-shoreD eh a-Pra krit i ( Psvchosom, I: ;!L,,,, p . L. v. Gu ru. ;;.;:il."H:,X,^ ol., r of 33Rore of Ayurveda in w. H os Prosramme "i:."t:r,LT*|)*o|.T?jhr"",,"0*, 37 SingleandSimpleRemedies-HoytoavoidtheChangescausedby C Rahulkumar 42 Dr Aexcessive drinking N. G. K. Pillai 43Students Corner - Character Formation Dr. S. Viiayalekshmi Ammn 44Womens Page - Drinks -/ Sanjaya 45Criticl Comments Raw Herbs and Drugs 46News and ViqwgMedical Problems Prof. M. P- Sreedharan Nair 47 49tsook Review - Medicinal Herbs d of 50Pictorial Representation of History Ayurved
  3. 3. RilADBRS VIEWSI. The resesrch-based report on Vega Vidharana to cofT]re across such expert practitioners in theand consepuentpsychological reactions published famiilfes of the Ashta Vaidyas and other the March issue of Vagbhata was very farnilnes fij:ke tfrrern. No government in Keralainstructive. Dr. Madhu Sukla and otheres like iras friitherio s*rcceeded in introducing or pass-hirn subjected to critical research the difficulties irnE a rnedlcafr bill here. Oualified medicalthat i"nay be experienced if free f low of urine practiitioners and organisations of medicos hadis prevented. But the science of Ayurveda has rbesrtly protested against the registration ofasserted that preventing the flow as well as peopfre rrrui?honrt ploper qualification. But it isforcing it will lead to many illnesses and ailso irur,qproper to exclude those who have learntdifficulties. lf the illnesses caused in either Ayr,unreda fnorn the expert practitioners belong-case are specifically traced to their origin in ing to d*e above-mentioned families So as yo,r,r h&!he suEgested, if legialative steps arethe light of rnodern scieirce, the principles ofAyutveda will be probably approved by moderns mot taken to. grant, registration on the basisIt will be very useful if Dr. Sukla and his co- of a dmrt-lerm course to those who haveworkers do reseaich in this direction. ,Similarly, b,een practlsing for not less than ten yearsit $it stated that prevention of vomitting and dhcourage others from continuing in thewill cause leprosy. How can this be proved ? rnediaal profession, the problem will becomeThis is also somethig which demands . resear- more and rrxlre complex as the days go by.chers attention. lf they succeed ln their effort, So ai{ irnpartial will agree that the solutionit will tpave the way for the sPread suqgeseed by you is the best and most by you,of Ayurveda and its principles Vagbhatas acceptahtr*e, The suggestion, made Ayurvedarole in this regard may be regarded as very Who uruece the principol of anva luable. Colilegetfor a {ong time, and with farsightedness and criitiricanltv" ns quite welcome. I request tha aurtlr,orki€s to pay heed to it. Bhaskaran Nair, .Ezhukone. Che*ian Thomas, Thiruvella.II. I read the editorial of the March issue ofVagbhata with keen attention. Today thereare in Kerala a number of Vaidyas practisitrgAyurveda on the strength of the knowledgegained not through university education hutifrrougfr hereditary transmission- lt is poss"ibb Apri$-#ay Ng85 Vagbhata an lntqrnational
  4. 4. Fare observable in the strength of statf and the It at least some Ayurvedic practitioners intendfacilities of working in the Ayurveda Colleges. to regain the respectability and usefulness of thispostgraduate institutions, research centresand science and thereby make it available to thehospitals. Though the salary scatgs of the staff public, the present position, utterly useless to"are not identical with those in othel.departments, the people, should not be allowed tg continue.there is a change for the better in that area also,Thus it can beseen that Ayurvedic institutionsa.e fast progressing in all lesoects except All subjecti including surg€ry and midwiferyltreatment. heve been incorporated in the B.A.M S. Course with a syllabus unified at the all-lndia level. But People suffering from common ailments like our information is that so far no partical arrange-.r ments have been made in any college for practi-:fever, cough, diarhoea, wound, sprain faintipgetc. are not tkaken either to Ayurveda hospitals sing methods of therapy or conducting operations or dealing with midwifery. Consequently thoseor to hospitals under Ayurveda Colleges. Evenif they are tak€n there, they are seldom admitted who pass out of the Ayurveda Colleges find itSuppose a hospital admits such a patient. There impossible to tackle the aiiments ordinarilyare no facilities there for treatrnent. lf a medical affecting common people. Thelr reduce them- selves to a situation in wh,ch ttrey b€come merecertificate issued by a practitioner of Ayurveda sellers of substandard drugs or pltrtitioners..ofregarded as a valid document by a court of law? some other system of rnedicir:e" !t is impossibleOn entry into government service candidates have to believe that the science or the government isto produce medical certificates. The certificate to blame for this. The ineffi:iency or helplessnessshould be one issued by an Assistant Surgen. of those who prcctise the systern alone is respon- sible for this unpleasant situation. What we can infer if we go deep into theissue is that a science welldeveloped in allrespects is deteriorating in the hands of a few it is high time for the fricrds and practi-off icals interested in nothing but f illing their tioners of Alurveda as oiso medfrcal organizatians-stomachs and a few industrialists interested only to stand unitedly understand the e$s€ntial feat*in making profits, without being useful to the ures of the problern and suggest to the govern-country or the people in spite of all the prebent ment remedial measures, usinE is necessary,.ef fective organization. even pressure tactics.6 April-May 1985 Vagbhata an lnternationaP
  5. 5. ;+Ft A COIUCEPT OF BASTI-GHIKIT$A TO PRETfENT THE AG€ING Prof. R. P.Swami, K, Govardhan, Director & Heail of the.Dept. of Kayechikitsa Physician, Bepart:nentof Kayachikitsa National Institute of Ayurveda, Jaipur National Institute of Ayurveda, .Iaipur Easti one of the pancha Karma, aims at the Chakrapani Dutta views on basti as vayastha-efrfrmination (shodhan) of vitated vata dosha. Vata, payitha acts by srotoshudhi. Basti absorbs theslfrfuated at pakwashaya Eoverns and coordiaates vikrita dosiras and malaa from tbe shakas, kostathe remaining vata doshas in the body. Vata and all the body tissues, as tbe sun absorbsDusti and are eliminated through apana the Rasa from the soil. lt anulomansrnarga by basti karma. The action of Basti is the vayu, which took vimarga gaman alongnot limited to evacuate untowards from the other doshas and mala, gives them a waybody but has a Significant role in maintaining to exit, thus enables them to aquirethe prana i. e" Trividha Sadya pranahara marmas, samata in the sharira. Basti by its sniEdhatwa,l-*ridya, Shiras and Basti. The Vata i. e. prana gurutwa, ushnatwa, shlakshnatwa and pichilatwasituating these marmas, enables them in regular gunas conquers and subsides the ruksha, laghu,functioning and governs all bodily activities, shaitya, khara and vishad gunas of vata in total.which are said to be vital organs.. ln a wayswasthya oraswasthya is dependent on these The orally administered druge pass throughonly. No other treatment is so capable as the the oesophagus, stomach duodenum andbasti for the Vata and its disorders, which is intestines involving various digestive pro-the governor, life saver of these thsee marmas, cesses and,becomes gunantardhan. By thisand a complete therapy as said by our Acharayas. process the drugs are not so active and soCharaka says about the action of Basti with effective when campared to Basthi Karmavarious combination of drugs if administered theraphy. Basti dravyas enters the anal routeaccording tofbaia, dosha, kaala, roga and prakruti and stays in the Amasaya, tsachyamanasayaof the individual; eliminates the malas and disease and Pakwasaya for a long time. They atotally; readily makesChakshu preenayathi, absorbed through the mu ladharanadi ChakraValipalithan apahanthi; vayasthapayathi, and reaches all parts of the body. Here theTarpana or Apatarpana to the$boby accordidgly drugs are administered in the normal from suchwithout any complication" as Madhu. Ghrit, Milk, Mamsaras and medicated kwath. lavana etc. By their swabhavik guna, Chakrapani Dutta quoted Guda is theMula act directly in the Grahani, Amashaya - andpart of the sharira as described by Parashar. laghu antras which are said to be the site forHere exists the muladhar Nadi Chakra or Amal digestion and assimilation of ahara. Charkaplexus by which the Basti dravya gets absorbed insisted to lie down on vama parshwa toto reach the whole body as the plant gets its enable and reach the basti dravyas upto grahaninourishment through its r<iots. The process of and amashaya. Here they act directly on Agnibasti is ideal and can be administered for all sthanaGrahaniand stimulate the agni forage groups, even ror avirechya too accordingly. ploper secretion of gastric and duodenal enzymas.Journal of Ayurveda April-May 1985
  6. 6. of lndriyas increases the Ama pacfian removes the avarodha in srotas proper coordination twachya etc in the body thus enabtes the proper circulatton of Rasa bnakshusrrya, carbohydrates vitamins fats etc varna The samanavayu acts promtly to divide the The proteins,, prasada and kitta ahara. By its shadrasa and which are said to be essential for the body are Umtt"* gunas increases the samyak poshak supplemented diiectly by basti Basti Dravyas ghee, milk meat, soup etc Here rma bryr qut$ich all bodily dhatus gets nourishment contain honey, Jeevaniyam" Mamsarasa It sfirnnuiiates the Dhatwagnis, endocrines and ksheeram besaid to be is Brihmaniyam. Rasa is tarpaniyam odffmer en4fmes to act normally Basti is said to dkar,ngas hy their vyavayi and vikasi guna reaches amla drvyas are hridyam; madhu is said to be e,v,ernn cell of the body and scraps (Lekhana) shleshma pittp samak; Taila is said to be by increas- shleshma vatahar; ghrit is said to be vata pitta l*.,,,e stagnant malas and removes them the dosha samata mg *rJ apyamsha there to get away from the samak. By these dravyas, dravyas by their hodV. lt increases the permeability qf the results in the body. The Basti tlissue membranes. vital properties and actions, increase the proteins Vit. B factors, fqts in the body Jt has been The snigdha guna of oils. ghrit etc removes found that they stimulate the bacterial flo{a $le increased ruksha guna of Apanavayu an{ -vhrch is situated in the intestines to synthesize promores its action in mala mutra nishkasan etc the Vit- B grouP in the bodY in the body. lt improves the movement of Thus basti karma - enables the proper met- intestines to act properly aboiism, growth vital power in the body and Sapthadhatu wardhan, proper secretion of pr"u"nt, ih" Jara and early Jara to prolong roga ifr" tif. in a healthy way in the individual endocrines helps in upachaya, bala varna t uh"t",*" in the sharira [t increases the Yapana basti described by Charkh in viman division for the gtowth of the body thus to prolong the life (Hita ayu) ""ttut"t in getting Tarunam. Vayah and is an ideal therapyregularly to gain bala varna i"rptill" It can be used ayu and deergham jeevitham, . lt is a good vaYasthaPan.;.i:l Basti by its prabhava and vital power reaches ,"r"yun" and vajeekarna also it increases .atli:i and roga kshamatwa in the sharira the shiras (head) one of the sadya pranahar dhatus, very benef icial in anapathyata *"ttu, removes the doshas situated thiere gives lt is also nourishmentto masthiska, its cheshtavah safn- The drugs used in Yapana, Basti generally iavavaf, naais in controlling the various bodily the are Jeevaniya, Brihmaniya Dhatuvardhak actions of nervous system It removes Vatahar such as Shaliparni, Mustha Bala Rasoa snutra ana garbha dosha in getting fertility aragvadha, manjista, vibhitak, guduchi mamsa- action The marfaprasadana entertains the normsl lavan, taila Ghrit Milk etc D of all senses and motor function in the body The rasa, rnadhu, Teleohones: H. O. 1154 oP. cHc. 954 TVL 2607 We suggest AYURVEDA FOR your health care . titd$niironn AyuRvEDA vAtDYAsALA & ilunslruc HollllE, lVlanncm Road- ChanoanacherrY, Kerala. for a 6omp:ete and perfect treatment Out Patient Wings for vour convenlence Ramanchira at Market road Thiruvalla. ChanganacherrY April-:MaY 1985 Vagbhata an hternati oqa.l I ..-E**
  7. 7. GONCEPT OF DISEASE IN AYURVEDA _ Dr. Sunil Datt Sharma, Clinical Registrar (Hony.), Department of Kayachikitsa, Inititute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hinrlu University, Varanasi-S, U. P. According to Ayvrveda; the living beings Classification : These diseases can be furtherata comprised of four dirnensions, namely, classified into two groups-a) Adhyatmika, andSharira (bodV), lndrryas (speciai senses), Manas b) Adhidaivika.lmind) and Atma (self)1, normalcy of whichis the state of health (swasthya), while reverse a) Adhyatmika (caused by human factors)is known as disease (Roga) 2,t. Thus it canbe contemplated that any of them (the four i) Adibala-pravritta (gienetic), e. g., Pra-dimensions of of life) ian become the seat of meha (diabetes mellitus), Arsaa (piles),diseases in their abnormal state (s), leaving etc.aside the self, which is transcendental, pure,eternal and free from diseases{.t. Regarding ii) Janmapala-pravritta (congenital), €. 9.,the other three, i. e. Sharira, lndriyas and Manas, Panguta (crippled stale),Charaka as well as various other ancient authors, iii) Doshabala-pravritta (constituitional), e.g.have ciescribed Sharira. Aindriyaka and , Mano Jvara (fever), Atis€ira (diarrhoea, Rak-Rogass,?, respectively. tapitta (bleeding disorders) etc.f. SHARIRA ROGAS (somatic diseases) b) Aithirlaivika (causcd by Natural factors) Sharira (goma or body) haa .been described - i) Kalabala-pravritta (Time related), e. being composed of Doshas (humors), Dhatus kaphaja Rogas (e.g. Tamaka Shvasa)(strucutral oomponents of the body) and Malas in cold climate etc.(by-and waste products)t. Normally these are ii) Svabhabala-pravritta (Natural diseases),rin a state of equilibrium, and their slightest . e. 9., Jara (aging), Nidra (sleep), kshirthdisequilibrium is likely to generate various (hunger) etc.somatic diseasese. , Aetiology :Classificatiqn Broadly, the causative factors of these diseases can be divided into two groups - a) Sharira Rogas have been broadly classified Viprakrishta hetu, and b) sannikrishta it hethu.into two broad groups on the basis of rheir aetiopathogenesis, viz., Nija (endogenous) and Agantu ka (exogenous). 10 a) Yiprakrishta Hetu (predisposing causes)A. Nija sharira Rogas p,"*?ffi:, 3:,1*:lil"li"to,,J::",o:R: (endogenous somatic diseases) individual ro various diseases to be caused later on by the same Dosha, e. g. individuals with Endqgenous somatic diseases are defined Vatika prakriti (ectomorphic constitution) areas thc disease states which eccur after the liable to suffer more from the diseases causedvitiation of bodily tissues (esp. Doshas)tn. by Vata Doshj, Same is- the casewith otherJournal of Ayurveda April-May 1985 9-
  8. 8. type of body constitution, viz., Paittika (Vata, Pitta and Kapha). either by increasing or (endomorphic), Kaphaja (mesomorphic), Vata - decreasing them. Deficiency diseases of Doshas paittika Vata-kaphaja, and Pittkaphaja (all mixed) are quite a few in numbers and they manitest by , tu. Thus, Deha" Prakriti acts as the diminution of normal activitieq of the distur- the main predisposing factor for va rious endo- bed Dosha. Most of the diseirses are the result genous somatie diseases. of increase of bodly Doshaslr, for which various stages, such as, Samchaya" Prakopa Prasara, b) Sannikrishta Hetu (exciting causes) Sthana-samshraya, Vyakti and Bheda have been tg described. These can be further subgroupped as - i) Bahya (external), and ii) Abhyantara Dhatus (slructural components of the body): (interna l). Here the term "Dhatu" has been used in a broa- i) Bahya (externat) Three principal external * der sence and it etc. The externa! existing factors Agnis, Srotases includesSaptadhatus, tJpadhatus factors have been described by Charka for the create disturbance in these structures in two causation for various diseases. These are - ways. Firstly, they increase or decrease them Asatmyendriyartha Samyoga, Prajna-paradha and directly rsithoul any major involvement of the Pa rinama 18. bodly Doshas and create their disease states. Asatmendriyarth? Sarnyoga can be called Secondly, they vitiate the bodly Doshas as well as lower the vitality of bodily structures, render- as stressful contact of the special senses with their respective objects, which occurs in the ing them succeptible for vitiation and thus by the form of their exdessive use, disuse and misuse. abnormally increased circulating Dohas The last one (i."e. tfre misuse) appears to be leading to the production of various endogenous ts,tc more significant as regards the causation of somatic diseases. endogenous somatic diseases. The stress Malas (by-and waste products) : These may produced, though mind can manifest in the also be increased or decreased by the externat form of various somatic diseases e. g. peptic exciting factors, dircctly or indirectly (by the etc., now-a-days known ulcer, diabetes mellitu.s Doshas) leading to various disease states80 as psychosomatic disorders. Prajnaparadha can be called as volitional Fathogenasis . transgression of intellect (Dhi), will (Dhriti) The pathogenesis of endogenous somatic and memory (Smriti), in the forrn of non-obser- diseases (irtija Sharira Rogas) can be diagramma- vance of the right dietary as well as behavioural tically represented as follows: conducts. ft/lost of the constitutional and con- genital diseases are of this origin. Deha Asatmyen driya rtha Prakriti Samyoga Parinama i. e. the time factor has been given Prajna-paradha considerable importance for the causation of Parinama diseases as is evident by the fact that the inci- dence of quite a good number of diseases varies t in defferent parts of the day, night year and age. t t t Dhatus Doshas Malas ii) -existing Abhyantara (internal) - The externaI t I t factors can produce .the endogenous sornatic diseases, after they disturb the normalcy 1" of the varioua constituents of the body, viz., Nija Sharira Roga Doshas, Dhatus and Malas. The latter, thus, can be called the internal factors. The external existing factors (i. e. Asatemn- yindriyartha - samyoga, Prajna - paradha .and Doshas (humors): the external existing Parinama), interact with the predisposing factors factors cr6ate disturbance in the bodily Doshas (i. e. Deha Prakriti) and create disturbance in the 10 April-May 1985 Vagbhata an lnternational;L
  9. 9. irternal factors (i. e.. Doshas; Dhatus.and Malgs) c) Parinama: ExcCsi of hot or cold climateintwoways-eitheiiheydidturb ailthe-thiee may produce damage to the body and resultfactors separately leading to the production"of in the production of diseases e. g. sunstrokediseases or they disturb the Doshas only, which in summer season.ili turn distulb the Dhatus and Malas too, againprOducing various endogenous somatic diseases. Pathogenesis :B. Agairtuka Sarira Rogas (exogenous Various causative factors for exogenous, somatic diseases) : somatic diseases, directly produce damage and thus diseases of the various parts of the body. These are the diseases wtrich are produced without any significant role played by. thedirectly and do not require the vitiation of the Doshas, Dhatus, and Malas. The vitiation ofDoshas, Dhatus and Malas for their production, these factors may occur later on, in the laterthough it may occur later onrl. part of the diseasesll. : These diseases can be further U. ilIANO ROGAS (mental diseases):Classificationclassified into two groups - a) Adhibhautikaand b) Adhidaivika. Manas is a subtle entity of the living body and is responsible for all the.psychologicala) Adhibhautika (caused by external activities going on inside itsr, t, sa. It is a trauma) three dimensional entity, beiag composed of Satwa, Rajas & Tamas, the equilibrium of which Also known as Aghatabala-pravritta Rogas is indispensable for the normal mental activitiescan be further sub-classif ied as - while their slightest derangernent is likely to produce various Mano Rogas (menfal diseases). i) Jantu.krita (animate) - e. g. Krimija Rogas (infectious diseases), and diseases caused by poisonous animals. Classification: I ii) Shastrakrite (inanimate) - e. g. traumaric Mental diseases can be classified into two diseases (caused by mechanical, physical broad groups on the basis of aetiopathoge- and chemical trauma). nesis, viz., Nija (endogenous) and Agantuka (exogenous). tob) Ailhidaivika (caused by superhumrn end infectious factors) A. Nija Mano Rogas (endogenous e. g. naiural calamities and infectious dis- mentel diseases) :eases. Endogenous mental disease occur throughAetiology : the production of a state of disequilibrium in Satwa, Rajap and Tamasro, 1r. In this case, only external exciting facterst2tead to the pioductionof diseases viz. I Classification : a) Asalmenydriyartha Samyoga - Excessiveuse ordisuse ,of the special senses is of much These diseases can be classified into two groupssignificance in this case producing especially a) Adhyatmika, and b) Adhidaivika.the diseases of the brgans where the specialsenses lie, e. g. touch of burning substances a) Arlhyatmika" (caused by human factprs)hlrns skin, etc. i) Adibala-pravritta (genetic), e. g., Apas- b) - lndulgence in activities Prajna-pdradha mara (epilepsy).ufitrrifrh cause tradma to the body votitionallymrlegressing the Prajna, may lead to the pro- ii) Janmabala-pravritta (congential), e, 9."flmthutri of various exogenous somatic diseases. Jadaia (mental retardation)hml of Ayurueda April-May 1985 1t
  10. 10. ft1,3l iii) Doshabala - pravritta (constitutional), Parinama (time factoi) may also produc e.g., Murchha (unconscicusness), Bhrama various mental diseases through. the vitiation t (giddiness). bodily and mental Dashas. b) Adhiitaivika (caused by super human Abhyantara (internal): These incluc ii) ar natural factors,;: the Satwa, Rajas and Tamas. The extern factors by disturbing their equilibrium in the ior i) Kalabala-pravritta (Time related; e. g. of increase of Rajas or Tamas or Decrease t Tandra (corpor) in summer season. Sattwa, Rajas or Tamas, lead to the productic 8u of various mental diseasesrt, ii) Svabhavabala-pravritta (Natural) e. g. senile dementia. Pathogenesis: Aetiology The various caustive factors described abov create a state of disequilibrium in Satwa, Raj The causative factors of these diseases can or Tamas. The disequilibrium occurs in the for;i i+, a be broadly classif ied into two groups - of decrease of any three factors or increese Rajas and Tamas. This disequilibrium hampe a) Viprakrishta, and b) Sannikrishta. the normal functioning of the mind and resul in the production of various endogenous menl I|i a) Viprakrishta [Ietu (predisposing diseases. causes): B. Agantuka Mano Rogas (exogeuous Among the three mental factors, viz., Satwa mental diseases) - Rajas and Tamas, the dominant one constitutes +j the mental constitution (Manas Prakriti) While This type of mental disease are directly pr i1 the domirfance of Satwa, provides resistance duced by the exogenous causes and later on m il against mental diseases, reverse is true for Rajes be followed by the disequilibrium in Satlru lj and/or Tamas which predispose the individual Rajas and Tamas. tl,tB li ii to variour Rajas and Tamas mental diseases il il resPectivelYes. Classification: ii b) Sannikrishta lletu (exciting cause): These can further classified into two group a) Adhi bhautika and b) Adhi d,aivaivika These can be further subgrouped as i) Bahya (external) and ii) Abhyantara (internal). a) Arlhi bhautika (caused by external trauma) i) Bahya (external) : These are the same as described for the causation of endogenous soma- Atso known as Aghatabala - pravritta t tic diseases. be further classified as- Asatmenyindryartha samyoga, espieially in the form of misuse, leads to the development Vyalakrita (animate)-caused by varit i) of mental stress, which manifests in the form of microbes and their toxins and poisonous an various mental diseases e. g. Krodha (anger), mals e. g. Pralapa (delirium) -in encephali Avsada (reactive dePression) typhoid fever etc. Prajna-paradha, vitiates, both the bodily and ii) Shastrakrita (in-animate) - caused menta I Doshas, leading to the production of mechanical, physical and chemical trauma to various mental diseases e. g. Apasmara (epilepsy) seat of mind i. e. Hridya (brain) e. g Murcl madatyay (alcohol intoxication) etc. (unconsciousness), Sanyasa (coma) etc. April-May 1985 Vagbhata an lnternatio 12 #.
  11. 11. nl Adhirlaivika (caused by natural & of these have been dealt with ITXtFe or lw ard snperhuman factors): :1"";#"; ","r"i ::"...1il:",:l;,*f":*Tt "T i) Daivabala - pravritta (caused by spiritual Ayutveda. l-ike Sharira and Mano Rogas and infectious factorst e. g, Bhutoamads too, can be broadly classified into two major (or.ganic psychosis). groups based on their aetiopathogenssis a) Nija (endogenous), and b) Agantuka (exo- genousoAetoiology ln this only external exciting factors leads A. Nija Aindriyaka Rogas (endogenousto the production of diseases. diseases of the special senses):a) Asatmyendriyartha samyoga These diseases occur due to the vitiation ofb) Prajnaparadha the special senses by the bodily or mental Doshas8e, which in turn get vitiated due to theirc) Parinama. Specific exiciting causes. These can be further classified as Adhyatmika (occuring due to human These factors cause direct" trauma to the factors) and Adhidaivika (occuring due to supermind or its seat i. e, rlridya (brain) in various human and natural causes). The role of theways and result in the production of exogenous general aetiological factors as described formental diseases. somaticand mental diseases can also be explored in the causation of these diseases.Pathogcnesis : The various causative factors described B. Agantuka Aindriyaka Rogasabove cause direct trauma to the mind or its (exogenous iliseases of the specialseat i. e. Hridye (brain) and without much senses):inVolvement of the mental factors (Sattwa, Raiasand Tamas), result in the production of verious These are the diseases, caused as a result ofexogenous meltal illnesses. direct external trauma to the special sensesEt leadingr to the production of various diseAsesNI AINDRIYAKA ROGAS bertaining to them. (diseases of the special senses): These can be further classified as Adhibhau- Though in Ayurveda, elevan lndriyas have tika (occuring due to extelnal trauma) e. g. dis-been described viz., five Jnanendtiyas, five eases of the special senses caused by a) animateKarmendriyas and Manas, the diseases of the causes such as infections, bacterial toxins etc.last two i. e. Karmendriyas and Manas have and b) mgchanical, physical and chemicalbeen dealt with in Sharira and l/lano Rogas (inanimate) trauma; Adhidaivika (natural) - 8. 9,respectively. Thus, by Aindreyaka Rogas, is diseases of the special sensescaused by natura,lmeant, diseases of the Jnanendriyas (special calamities and infections. Detailed rnechanismsenses). of their causation can be explored in the genaral causes of diseases, described above.Classification : Thus, in brief the approach of Ayurveda to- Though great detail pertainin.q tol!theldis- wards the genpsis of disease has been presente.deases of special senses is not available in vari ous based on its fundamentals and an endeavourclassical texts of Ayurveda as compared to has been made to develop the arees, whichSornatic ane mental diseases, still, fundamentals have not received due 6onsideration so far.Joumal of Ayurveda April-May 1985 13
  12. 12. Reference Sutra Sthana 1242 Charaka Samhita Sutra Sthana 15:45 Sushruta Samhita Sutra Sthana 1:2O Sushruta Samhita .Sharira. Sthana 1:17 Charaka Samhita Sutra Sthana 1:56 Charaka Samhita Vimana Sthana 6:3 Charaka Samhita Shaiia Sthana 1:127 Charaka Samhita Sutra Sthana 15:3 Sushtuta Samhita Sutra Sthana 15:3 (Dalhana) Sushruta Samhita Sutra Sthana 2O:3-4 Dharaka Samhita SutIa Sthana 20:7 and Chakrapanir Charaka Samhita Sutra Sthana 24:48 Sushruta Samhita Madhava Nidan. 1:5 (Madhukosha). Sharira Sthana 4:61 Sushruta Samhita Sharira Sthana 8 Ashtanga Samgraha Sutra Sthana .11 :43 Charaka Sanihita " Sutra Sthana 17:62 Charak Samhita Sutra Sthana 21:18-36 Sushruta Samhita Sutra Sthana 1 :13 Ashtanga Hridye sutra sthana 15:9 and 14 Snshruta Samhita Sutra Sthana 28:8-21 Charaka Samhita Sutra Sthana 24:19 Sushruta Samhita Chikitsa Sthana 15;42-44 Charaka Samhita Sutra Sthana 35:24 Sushruta Samhita Ashtanga HridYe NidanA Sthana 12:21 Sutra Sthana 35:25 Sushruta Samhita Vimana Sthana 5:1Q-22 Charaka Sam[ita Vimana Sthana 5:9 Charaka Samhita Vimana Suthana 5:24 Charaka Samhita I 15 Sutra Shana 15:1 1 Sushruta Samhita Samkhya Kafi(a 2 Sutra Sthana 1:49 (ChakraPani) Charaka .Samhita 1:21 Charaka Samhita Shariara Sthana Sharira Sthana 1:19 Sushruta Samhita Sharira Sthana 4:36-40 Charaka samhita Vimana Sthana 6:5 Charaka Samhita Sharira Sthana 1:127 Charaka Samhita Sgtra Sthana 28:2O Charaka Samhita April-MaY 1985 Vagbhata an lnigrnationalilj[
  13. 13. .$ahl *!l.!!E x The Medlcat Emterview and &yuruedic clinlca! ffiEe€hods B. V. Parrnar. B. M. Nirmal, P. G. Scholar" Reader. Basic Principles Deptt. r. P. G T. & R.(JAMNAGAR) The Phyaician is expected to diagnose words and simple ,"rrr. Ask further how,and treat the ailment of a suffering person. why and when.did the complaints began? lfPetients usually consult doctors because the/ possible further enquire calmly about the onsetfeel un-well or because they have a problem and progress, whether it was sudden or gra-for which they require help, guidance and dual. lf other complaints are also have the pati-understanding. The mornent when a phrTsician ent arrange them accodingy te effect andcornes in contact vvith a patient the therapy duration in a logical sequence. Ascertainstarts. The initial patients interview is t-he cor- whether or not he has already laken anyner-stone of ensuing relationship between the medicine or whether he was treated by anydoctor and the Patient. The intervie nr has other doctor and why the treatment is dis-three components. (1) Emotional status of the continued.patient. (2) Factual data regarding the diseaseand ils progress. (3) Therapeutic measures to lf he has consulted exeperts or Specia-be adopted. The patient doctor interaction is llst, their opinion and report of investigationsthe fundomental to thepractice of medicine, as well as prescription and repeated consulta-Normally the interview comm€nces with the tion in the form of record should be gonepatient recounting his awareness of dis-com- throug hfort or matters whlch are not right with cer-tain parts of the body, or with his mental A sucessful Clinician is he in whom mostfunctions. ln short, when a person feels un- are confident, to gain confidence from majoritywell he seeks the help from medical pro- of patients requires a good rapport (closefession. relation) between the patient and the doctor. A good listner gets confidence earlier and with The tlistory of Presont Disorder ease. Time spent in listening to a few minutes of irrelavant gossip of the patient will be re- When a patient attends the clinic or exa- paid later on if Physician chooses the essentialmination room in a Hospital, First duty of facts required to be collected. When Patientclinician is to welcome him warmely and in freely exposes his suffering, allow him to speakfriendly manners, because he is a person having in a natural unchecked way without any distur-sr,rffering and he expects sympathy and human bance, for this purpose the consulting room oftouch. ln the begining ask the patient about a Physician should be calm, comfortable, isolatedhis main complaints and note it in his own and with required facilities of light, air, and..ilournal of Ayurveda, April-May 1985 15
  14. 14. c** water. There should be no crowd and noise minient factor, ln this !ight, particularly enqire when the talk cetween the Phsician and the into the Family History of Bronchitis, Astharn Patient is in progress. Tuberculosis and Plurasy. Similarly the history regarding family members suffering from Rheirm- lf a Physician gains confidence then he atism, Angina Apoplexy and Heart disease Sqme succeeds to have a most valuable insight disorders of nervous system and mental ,disorders into Patients mentality, his nature of work, also runin some families, so Histori of Fits family and social background arld the real cause Paralysis, Migrain, Chorea is also to be noted ln oi nis disease. For this pulpose Ayurveda has some areas where many families suffer f rorn Kidney given most valuable instructions and guidance diseases Hyper-tention, Gout and Haematuria in dealing with the Patients during the interview. enquiry about those disorders in respect of mode of living is also desirable. Some Haemo- Physicians Ablity and the Limitations rragics dieases are to be noted carefullyr i e Physical diagnosis is to be learned by loss of blood, Epistaxis, Bleeding Piles, Jaundice experience- it is not dn interitance. lt is never and Manorrogia etc. as well as the Blee,ping revgald by a Teacher, so if a person wants lo Tendency due to RH factor defect" Diabetes become a good Clinician heshould try to cultivate Leprosy and other long term diseases in the the habit of observation and utilisation of sense ramily members is to be specifically noted. organs correctly. A person,should have a slogan in his mind "lean to see, learn to hear, learn to feel, Past Flistory Some Diseases: 0f learn to smel I and know that by practice alone can you become expert". To increase ability of This also gives a clue to understand observation and use of sense organs you should Etiopathology of some diseases i. e. Malaria may be the cause of enlarged Spleen or , use them often and meticuluslY. spleenomegalay. Rebeated use of toxic drugs According to Ayurved a Physician is advised or addiction of Alcohol can be the leading to make efforts in increasing his quaiities and cause for liver enlargement. Disability or abilities more and more to understand the disease malfunction of any organ may be the result and treat accordingly. of unsucessfui operation. History of fall or serere injury may give a pelmeanent damage The need of history in the dignosis: to motor or sensoly function specially of legs lt has been estimated that the clinician Head or hand.. can make the diagnosis by studying the history in over 50% of internal diseases and addittional Personal and Social HistorY: 2Oo/o may be recognised by physical examination and anothet 2Oo/o can be revealed with the help Every individual is a separate entity. No of Laboratory tests. The remaning 10% of cases two faces are alike and responses of two defy diagnosis with any reasonable degree of patients always differ to the stress and strain certainity. The history of presenting symptoms of and the caused of disease in different indi- chief complaints should be supported by special .viduals. The endurance power also differs interrogation regarding the organ or system in every individual. So it is better todecide affected and the seat of dlsease suspected lt "what typc of person is sick rather than what disease he suffers is only the experienced Physician who can catesof importantance offrom"- This indi- type the constitution and logically decide what type of questions are to be " asied in each individual case in the interrogation and temperament in to the field of clinical of the Patient i s medicine. The family history and its imporatance in Personal Life & Some Habits: diegnosis: The personal life of a person may be Mordern Medical Science has elaborately divided in to many sub- topics i. e. the classflfied diseasqs having heredity as a pro- status, education, Position in the family, any &o April-May 1985 Journal of Ayurveda .,r... .. : : :, .:.-:...,.-, ,,i .,t;::*;.,:-.-:,:.itj1.i l.,::
  15. 15. ?.€. adisturbance in his tamily life and axiety to The field of work or the source of actioncope with, the habit and type of diet, regu- is the discordance of body element giving rise tolarity of taking food and sleep,, frequency of advent of a disease, recognised by the increase orthe use of Tea and Coffee, Tobacco, ;lcohol or decrease of the science. and s,yrnptoms of humourhabitual use of drugs or seif medications. The (V. P. K.) in msrbid condition. The purpose ofsanitary situations and comforts i,r the homeand housing as weltr as financial posrtion and treatment - action - is the restoration of the body-elements inequilibrium and alleviation ofnumber of dependents. The satistaction or morbid condition.dislike about the occupation or job and indu-strial hazards of chemical poisoning related with When a person has achieved the state ofthe tlme and place of service. The residence as eqilibrium of body - elemenfs - the conditionwell as migration or journey in the un-hygenic of health indicating sign and symptoms arearea and the history of, operaiions or traumatic are reestablished again.incidents. Criterion to Asses the Fitness of l.L Ferson The setback play6 a very vital role in the or to note the Progress of Recovery fromdisturbance of mental ability of a person. the Diseases:The sad incidence of death of any familymember or nearest friend or partner as wel I (The indications shwoing recovery or progress)as financial loss due to natural and man-madeefforts may change the mood of a pjerson to Health Inriicatorsenjoy life in a nut-shell a person sufferingfrom Psychic or physical disorder is to be 1. Alleviation of painconsidered as a living human being having a 2. Accession of voice and complexionback ground for health and suffering from 3. Plumpness ol body i. e. nourishment indisease due to disturbance in the ability to proper amountadapt himself to circumstances. The ideal 4. lncrease of strengthdeflnation of health suggestdd by Willium Boyd- 5. Desire for foodA condition of normal structure and function 6. Relish of eatingof , body having the ability to adopt according 7. Timely and proper digestion of the foodto the changes in environment. This endurance takenor adjustment ability is partly hereditary but 8. Approach of sleep at the proper timeit may be acquired by artificial means also. 9. Not seeing frightful dreams. i. e. (Sonud sleep).The Ayurvecic cofucept and instructions 1 0. Happy awakingregarding ten points for examinations 11. The proper elimination of flatus , Urine, Feces and Semen ln the investigation of a case-Sick person- 12r Freedom from impairment of any kind ofThe following method is to be applied by the the mind, the intellect and bense organe,physician. The physician is the active,part inthis function. The method of approach is two The fruit of action is the aftainment offold based on authoritative text (1) Direct hapinqss:observation (2) The inference. The Physicalexamination by sense organs is the direct observa- It is known by satisfaction of the mind,tion and the things which are elicited from a intellect, senses and the body. The person feelsPatient or the relative to be interpreted logically happy, chearful and well. The place of actionunder the guidance of classical description-is has two rneaning;- 1) The Country in which athe inference. The apparant thiugs are direcly person is bron, has thrived up or he has becomeobserved but the things which are not visible sick 2J and the drug selected from Geogra-or accessible are to be inferred by induction phical land as well as its use in the differentor dgduction. (The Logical way). system or organ of the body.-lournal of Ayurveda- April-May 1985 17
  16. 16. f,he thorough examination of.patrent is The angry Cobra definitely bites and pours poison, similarly the vitiated Dosha being aggra-pe,rformed keeping the disease as a nucleus and vated are spread in different directions mixedl her nine examinations points surrounding it with circulating fluid and settling in differentThey are 1) The habits 2) Tone of system3l Cornpaclhess 4) Propo-rtion 51 Homologation body tissues, giving rise to a chronic disease wnien iakes tremendous tiJne, money and effotts6i il;;ffi"Lnaition 7) capacitv 1o foodEl Capacity for exercise 9) Age Atl these ate to cure without certainitY tille factors to ascertain the degree of the strength Sushrut has adpropriately used the term-of a person Aturopakram in the title of the Chapter No 35 The knowledge of the measure of the strongth of Sutrasthan. lt means that the approach toof the patientend the intensity of morbiCity are the Patient should be that sucessful act beforeessential for the selection of proper rnedicine stariing the treatment because ir is a saylngaccording to the proportion -or. the -degree of that well begun is half done" He has also*onOiditi and the slrangth of the Patient placed same idea to assess the Ayu as the A physician who does not consider the first topic to be discussdd lf a person is to his disease, the seasonsuength of a porson in the begning of the survive then onlytherapy, cannot expect desired effect and the Agni Age, Body, the strength; Enduranceoosibilitv of undersired effect increses The person Homologus. diet the constitution and theH;;;;;;";;*il in" iite ror therapv so to avoid proper medicine along with the tirnefallacy; one should strictly follow the mothod and mode of administration are to be con-of Examination of a Pationt to assess the excel- sidered in sequence. He has beautifully lence of starnina of the individual The next desiribed in physiogramy as well as develop- step is the assertening the life span of a person ment of physique of a personr to select three because dead body is not to be treated Kala is types of Therapy- i ) Elimination Theaapy the time or State of a patient for administration ot 2) Pelliative and elimination (rnixed) 3) onlv a drug. The timely administered druE prodtrces de- pelliative The classification of persons is given Iti.Jiit"ii. on iru contrarv the drug used after according to length of possible servival period Drooer time, does not produce the desired effect i. e. Dirghayu, Madhyayu and alpayu ln this ?;;;ri|l-su ot- ptop,it examination is to obtain context normal measurementof body and its real (Crystal ciear) knowledge of the condition diff erent organ is mentioned in terms of anC ine time of treatment to be adpoted to length, Breadth and circnmference The para- correct the morbidity. This isa skill of a Physician meL, used here as the Uuit, is the Amguli which is termed as the "YU KTl" or the judgement (Finger of the same Person) llhere are some dangers indicated by Charak Seushrut and Vag bhatt that untimeiy useil ilrug Further he has speci{icalty discribed three is harmful to the Patient. For exarnple if this main stages according to age changes in a rule is ovetlooked and StaSnbhan is given in person. He has partly followed Charak in his Atisar the Patient is harmed much and the Patient discription The nourishment of the body has if treated un!udiciously ln the treatment of major impact on the therapy as a stout person frurlar"nrration and abscess also one has to be Oue to accumilation of fat can endure Karshan caref ul. The concept of Ama and Pakva is (waning) A person of middle buitd group is to be ennphasied by Sushrit. A Surgeon who does main-tained from fatiness and leanness lf a Physi- rot ti"ul.,k about the condition of Vranshoth and cian thoroughlly checks up the Patient as per the 6uts open open the-unriped one. is a Butcher instructions from Sushruta and decides accor- S"li*il"tly if he does- not open the ripe abscess dingly, before starting the treatment he positivelv erqd€m hie is consideted as a fool, because he sucleds in cuting off the noose of death by the qmrrtsses the proper time o{ opetation Vag bhatt firnaE a$so oxpresseci similar thought that if a axe of medicine. He is a real physician to uses the medicine which elimindtes help the suffering person by wisdom wit and FlfiinUs,il,clan logic. Thus the examination of Patient and the M$t", ilm the Arnavastha of Jwara- deliberaterly inierview are the corner-stones for the sucassful @ettne Dosha like the Cobra-who is sleeping treatment in the medical field. .n dt trs$t md agitated by prdburre by the hand ApiF-iltar t!185 Vagrylata an lnternationall ]Wffi il tr p
  17. 17. Promislng Ayuruedic OraF Gontraceptive A. Geetha, M. Anandavally Amma, C. P. R. Nair, M. Subhadra Nair TITIVANDRUMtrntroduction Pharmacological studies of AYUSH AC 4 have proved to have anti fertility, anti implan- Many methods are adopted for family tat;on and anti ovulatory effects. world. ln lndiaplbnning in different parts of thethe very concept of family planning started Asoks (Saraca indica). Pharmaclogical study ofduring the time of Vedas and epics in lndia. The this drug in female rates has proved 55%great sage Vyasa has mentioned in his epic anti implantation effect at a dose 1 gmlkg.Mahabharata that, he who gives birth to morethan two children, is a traitor. He prescribed Kramuke (Araca catechu) 5oo/o anti implantationthe rnethod brahmacarya for the parents who at a dose of 100 mS/kS.have two children. 99/" of the peopele of thiscentury may not be able to assimilate the idea f-rksa 5% anti implantation at a does of"of bra.hmacarya, which needs special training & 5 gmlkg.mental discipline. Hence unnatural measureslike vasectomy for tuen, tubectomy for women Yidanga (Embelia ribes). Embelin an isolateas permanent methods and many other temporary derived from Embelia ribes has shown postmethods like l.U.D. Contraceptive pills, Condom coital anti fertility activity of 83. 3% a,t thesheath etc. came into popularity. Even now, dose of 120 mg/kg. ln female ratsl. Embelineresearch is going on for a safe, healthy method. causes a reduction in the glycogen content of the uterus end lactic acid levels in the " Ayurveda, one of the ancient lndian Science, uterus fluid. Anti fertility action of embelin ishas prescribed a large number. of single and mainly due to anri implantation action.gcompound drugs which prevent fertilizationinhuman beings. ln the field of research, Ayurveda The aim of the present ctinical trial wascontributes many promising oral contraceptives. to assess the safety and effect of AC 4 as an oral contraceptive. The preliminary studies Central Councit for Research in Ayurveda of the drug has shown an encouraging result.Eand Siddha has taken up this task of introducing ln the present study influence of the drug onsuch drugs, The authors have carried out a total protiens and cholesterol levels in serumclinical trial using a coded drug AYUSH AC 4 on were noted. Liver function tests were done85O cases. before and during trial.&lethods and Material Ilose lngredients of the drug are asoka (Saraca Dose of the drug is one lablet (450nglndica), Kramuka (Areca catechu), Laksha each) twice daily before food for 15 days from(Tacardia lacca) and Vidanga (Embelia ribes). the 4th day of menstruation. 1. Assistant Research Offier, R. S. S. C. A. Clinical 2. Social Worfier, R. S. S. C. A. Clincial 3. Assistant Director, R. R. I. Pooiapura 4. Project Officer, R. S. r,. C. A. Clinical.*!,ournal of Ayurveda April-May 1985 19
  18. 18. Selection of cases 5. Ruling out gynaec and other illnesses Accordingly, 850 cases were selected for Cases for the trial were selected from the the study. AII the cases were physically OPD of S. A. T. Hospital Trivandrum, based examined to rule out systemic illnesses I body @n the following criteria- weights recorded. Liver function test, Hb, Protien and cholesterol content in blood were 1. Age between 17-35 performed before and durtng trial in 85 cases 2- No. of children at least I The cases weri followed up from 1st to4Ath 3- Normal sex life cycles. 139 cases reported pregnancy; 105 were due to drug omission and 34 due failure 4. Not adopting any other method of family Table given below shows the data. planing. Pregnancy due to No. of Cycle During omission Drug failure Total 11 16 2T 15 38 3 16 4 13 13Iti.t..:ii 6r1 7 11 ,2 t4 15 22 1 105 a4 139 2t} April-May 1985 Vagbhata an lnternational
  19. 19. Discussion The data of 267 cases who used the drug for more than 10 cycle is discussed. Biochemfuxl investigations were repeated in 85 cases. The details regarding the 267 eases given in the following tables. Table No. I Age group Table No. II Maternal group Age between No. of cases No" of children No. of cases 1B-20 48 1 158 27_23 ro4 2 B8 24_26 59 3 1B 27_29 27 4 3 30_32 23 33-35 6 Total 267 ; Results observed 267 cases were followed up from 10-44 cycles; 21O cases from 10-19 cycles and 57 lrom 2O-44 cycles. 250cases havesuccessfully completod their respective cycles and 17 coses & reported pregnancyl 16 due to drug omission and 1 due to drug failure. Table No. lll and lV gixen below may be referrend for detaits. Table No. III Table No. IV No. of cycles No.. of casses No. of Pregnancy due to Side effe- completed cycles DruE---Dmg ctsI ommission failurell 10-12 96 IO 4 2 13-15 62 11 5 7 16-18 4t t2 I 9-21 29 L4 I 22_24 15 1 25-28 11 20 1 29-44 5 22 1 Total 16 Regarding the side effects, one case reported irregular periods and another, allergy on lips of weight, both during 10th cycles. No other acute or subacute toxicity noted so far. and loss Journal of Ayurveda April-May 1985 21
  20. 20. Effect on blooil BiochemistrY investigations like protien and cholesterol levels LFT TC Dc ln all the cases biochemicalEsR A Hb,*,,6 were done. ln 85 cases these were repeated alter 6 cycles trial No appreciateolmmges in the mean values were observed in these cases Table No V gives a summary ofSm imr-"estigations done.Trble l{o. V Before trial After trial Alb Glb Chol TP Alb Glb Cholilo" of cycles conrpleted 10 6.3+ 4.4+ 3.4+. 1ee-.l- 6.3+ n."! 3.4+ 204+ 3t 1.3 0.7 0.7 t2 t.7 !.2 o.9 11 6.4+ 156+ 6.2 5.1+ 3.8+ 16e+ 0.1 12 0.8 1 .1 o.2 11 !2 7.2+ 4.7+ 2.6+ 1e5+ u.r! 4.5+ s.4+ 1eB+ 1.1. 0,6 91 1.1 2.5 0.9 r 130 1.3 13 u.nt n.r! ,.n! 203+ 55+ 40+ 3.6+ 205+ ot a.4 25 0. 1 0.4 0.1 13 1.0 14 6.4+ 3.6+ 32+ r6e+ t.ot n.n! 3.6+ 175+ 31 o 0.6 o.4 tl 0.3 0.3 0.8 15 7.e+ 5.5+ 3.e+ ttli 6.8+ 4.7+ 3.7+ 18o+ 47 0.4 0.5 0.5 t4 0.8 2.6 o.6 273+ S.35i 7+ 4+ 20+ 16 8+ 6.3+ 4.1+ 1.6 1.1 0.7 27 0.35 0 o OI L7 6.0+ 4.3+ 3.5+ ,uut 6.2+ 4.9+ 3.e+ "r* 49 0.8 0.9 0.9 32 1.5 0.7 1.1 239 7.7 5.2 4.0 272 1B 5.2 19 u.ut 5.e+ 3.7+ 210+ 6.2+ 4.8+ 3.e+ 205+ 1.9 0.8 0.3 22 t.4 t.2. 9.3 15 20 5.0 4.6 3.0 193 6.3 4.5 4.O 1.80 ao 2L 6.1 19? 5.6 4.8 169 22 4.8 4.O 3.6 198 6.2 4.8 3.0 217 23 5.4 3.2 3,4 298 60 4.8 4.0 260 26 6.5+ 186 5.2+ 4B+ 3.7+ 183+ 1.1 1.3 1.2 o.8 I 29 5.0 4.% 4.0 168 5.6 4.4 4.O 178 32 8.O 4.5 4.O 227 7.6 4.0 3.6 220 14 4.6 5.O 4.O 178 6.0 4.8 3.4 198 Vagbhata an lnternational u April-May 1985
  21. 21. . ... :. j:;.i I .l-Conclusion biochemistry. The study done so far shows .:. l that Ayush AC a fs a safe oral contraceptive. A total" Ir,Io. of 850 crises on AC 4 a ioded . lt was observed that the correct use of the oral contraceptive were studie,{ from .1st to drug for 15 days in empty atomach is necessary. 44 cycles. Percentage of piregnancy.,was only 16. 12o/o was due to drug omission and 4a1/o Acknow[edgment due to drug failure. Th is .paper dea ls with t[e data avilable frorn the follow-up of 257 he authors are deeply .obliged to pases for 1O-44.cycles. The trialwas successful . in 250 cases. 17 cases reported pregnancy. 1. Dr. M. V. Chari, Project Officer, ALURII{, 16 but of this was due to.drug qniission anC Adyar, Madrays-20 for regular supply of I was due ,to drug faifure. 4 on 10the cycles, drug. . 5 on 11th, 3 on 12th and 1..each on14,15,20 2. Dept. of biochemistry, S. A. T. H for bio- and 22nd cycles. Drug failure which occured chemical lcase was in 11th. cy6le. As regards the qide effecis, two i"port"d oi irreguta, 3. Director, CCRAS for guidance and financial "ard, and loss of weight, periods, allergy on lips help. both during 1Oth cycles. No acute or suba- 4. R. S. S. C. A. Pharmacology for valuable cute toxicity is .noted so far. This drug did information about the pharmacologicat not havei any signlficant infludnce in blood studies of AYUSH AC 4 and its ingredientb- 1. Bio-chemicbl changes in the uierus and cervix of ovarietomized Rats Traeted Emeblin --._-_-.- C. Seshidri, Indian Joufnal of Experimental Biology, Yol. 17, No. rl2, Dec.79 P. P. l3l9-l80 2" Bio-chemical changes in the uterus and uterine fluid oi Mated Rates Treated with smettin.: A non-steriodal oral contraceptive. C. Seshadri J. J. of Exp. Biology Ygl. 16 No. 11 Nov. Lg78 . ! 3"AnAyurvediidrugforbirth-contro1_Atrial.wiihAyushAC4. " JRAS; Vol. l. !Jo. a (P. s53-55s) , .: 6 ,i :iirJournal of AyUrveda April--May i1r985 23 ,i 1. ---. .
  22. 22. * ir j ..Ashtavaidyan Thaikka{t u, Mooss . 1 Valdyaratnarn Oushadhasala H. o. TbIATKKATTUSSER..Y, OLLUR, .fiERALA. a Phone: 33s & 339 OLLURTele:. :IVYDYARATNA? I, t .a a, . .a Branches .! " ! TRICHUR Mangalodayam Buildings ,Phone: .20382 ERNAKULAM M- G- Road, JoseJun" ,, - 3l!Q7 ,r? i IR{NJALAKUDA Alenga-den tsuildings ,,. ,t309. ! . COIMBATORE R S Puram | . , i.,;. ;r, *..,. .33?.1J,; t!, . BANCefOnp 213,Meenakshikoil:Street, 1 TRIVANDRUM sreevas Tourist Home Bu,ilding, Thampaaoor OLLUR Trichur Road : A.GENCIbS: Throughout Kerala STOCKtrSTS : The Maharashtra Coop. Consumrenq Federati,on,Ltd,., -, Co-op. House, Matunga; Bombay. 1 i N. B:- Kerala Sfecial Panchakarma Treatmeots are belng-conducted under the direct supebvision of Brahmasfee,;Mooss , I ./ -l .1 : i ,i Vaidyaretnam $Wntrueda Colfegg OLLUR..THAIKKATTUSSERY : : TRICHUR DIST, KERALA K h VAIDYARATNAM NUR.SING HOME . - ,. K t . J r1 April-Miay1985 Vagohata ari lirtirnaf la .
  23. 23. Ayurvedic Approach to $ex Sr. I. R.amakrishnaIntroducfion: Since the crea.tion of this univqrse Even in thedepth of Vedas in various phyloso-,knbwingly ol. man struggles for phical states,of theee three factors. were not happiness. This happiness is not a simple term explain but it is to be experienced. ln normal t: Fhyslological life a human being can feel sometype of happiness in subconscious state. ln the Even in lndian phylosophical ciut look the same way/ an ,unique experience, felt by the object cf life is inentioned as "Ananda-Eramha". individuall between sleep and wakenful.ness. Bramha ls feeling of God which can !e achievedWhen his rnind and gody alike enjoy the highest only through Ananda. Ananda means hapBi-state of pleasure can be termeci as happiness. fIeSS. i, t, . From an uneducated person to an educatedp€rson or any individuat from any walk of life; {teview af Literatetre:male or female, ,mentallyo constantly strugglesfor that happiness: This happiness can be Wonderful attempis to establish that sexualachievdd in two:ways because liberation of the intercourse is a healiiry act with the objectbody tissues results in mental happiness, of compiete fulfilment of mans and womans So physical happiness and the mental happiness desire were rnade by various scholars in. theare fogether called realhappiness. One individuatmay feel light happiness by .touch or one past. ln those a Western bobk on sex, -lcan fell peculier happiness in dream. First one "Garden of earthly deiights" by Sheikh Nefz-is physiCal happiness and second one is mental aor*l is counted of the good. choiceshappiness but both are very limited superficial of poilosophical literature. Above them all isi4 $nature. Hence the human beings struggle the "Kamasuirast by Vatsayana. "Ariangaranga"for happiness is a deep. The real happiness by Kalyanarnalla, which was written orginallycan be achieved by physicatly by well plannedhealthy sexual act and mentally with an attached in Sanskrit, and later transulated into all inter;love. national languages, can be counted as best available healthy sexual Literature in the worid. Pleabure oriented piocessbetween a male The philossphical reEearch scholars of Indianand a female lwith organic coitus is,termed an system of rnedicine like Charaka, S;rr;;;,act of sex whereas mental devotion to- an .indi- Kasyapa, Sarangadha, Yogaratnakar dealt withvidual lyhere one can be anytrhiqg for him is tfre subject r4rith special chapters known asknown as love. The happin*s/loue and sex Flasayana and Vajeekarana wh:ich are spiecialarelinterselected, because a love lnspired sex technique of treatnieut, to keep y,outhfulnessresults a real happinees. These three things and to have . a healthy strong act of sex.were counted a.s most impotant feature. Since Exoeciaily the Charakasamhite. Yogaratnakar,the Vedic period the above feators have becomeconsidered as , living factures of life because KasyapaSamhita, Susruta Sargera, Sarangadharathese are not simply.enrotional factors but the-se Samhita etc., have go! a wonderf u ll treasuryare physjological needs of the human being. of tfre above Scince. Journal of Ayurveda Aprial-May 1985 is