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Vagbhata, April-May 1985, Magazine

Vagbhata, April-May 1985, Magazine



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    Vagbhata3b1985 Vagbhata3b1985 Document Transcript

    • j R, irl ; ,ui /r ,/ t:S:"i tir . { : r,1 rn-: !ii. d, I ;,t -,,::# ir".J:. .: ,.t:.: . .ste , i.9 -. iE: -i .r :-b. €F: jt .,. 1,:* ...Ei S : +4*q,. 1 Jr: t :li , i+j{}i}
    • ,.;., .:,.s gbtm INTERhIATIO}IAL MONTI{LY JOURNAL OF A{JAVCDAAND TRADITIONAL SYSTFMS OF re - lrEDlclNc lN {NGLtsg & TTALTAYATAM (SEPARATF} EDlrloNs April-May 1985 lssue-4-5 CONTENTS Pages t 4Readers Views is Expanding 5Editorial - Ayurveda-sastra is declaining and the DepartmentA Ci.tlcgpt of Basri-chikitsa to Prevent-the }:#lgR.p. swami, K.Govardhan. 7Concept of Disease in AYurvada Dr Sunil Datt Sharnts 9Thei-Mediial lnterview. and Ayurvedic clinical Methods v.parmar, B.M.Nirmal. 15Promising Ayurvidic Oral Contraceptive A: Geetha, M Anandavalli Amma C. P . R. Nair, M., Sqbhadra Nair 19Ayurdedic APProch to Sex Dr. I. Ramakrishna 25 C. S. Yudav, C. L. Yadav 28ldentirication or Kalanchoe Spathulata DC 31Vagbhatas tour of lndia The Physician on the sea-shoreD eh a-Pra krit i ( Psvchosom, I: ;!L,,,, p . L. v. Gu ru. ;;.;:il."H:,X,^ ol., r of 33Rore of Ayurveda in w. H os Prosramme "i:."t:r,LT*|)*o|.T?jhr"",,"0*, 37 SingleandSimpleRemedies-HoytoavoidtheChangescausedby C Rahulkumar 42 Dr Aexcessive drinking N. G. K. Pillai 43Students Corner - Character Formation Dr. S. Viiayalekshmi Ammn 44Womens Page - Drinks -/ Sanjaya 45Criticl Comments Raw Herbs and Drugs 46News and ViqwgMedical Problems Prof. M. P- Sreedharan Nair 47 49tsook Review - Medicinal Herbs d of 50Pictorial Representation of History Ayurved
    • RilADBRS VIEWSI. The resesrch-based report on Vega Vidharana to cofT]re across such expert practitioners in theand consepuentpsychological reactions published famiilfes of the Ashta Vaidyas and other leading.in the March issue of Vagbhata was very farnilnes fij:ke tfrrern. No government in Keralainstructive. Dr. Madhu Sukla and otheres like iras friitherio s*rcceeded in introducing or pass-hirn subjected to critical research the difficulties irnE a rnedlcafr bill here. Oualified medicalthat i"nay be experienced if free f low of urine practiitioners and organisations of medicos hadis prevented. But the science of Ayurveda has rbesrtly protested against the registration ofasserted that preventing the flow as well as peopfre rrrui?honrt ploper qualification. But it isforcing it will lead to many illnesses and ailso irur,qproper to exclude those who have learntdifficulties. lf the illnesses caused in either Ayr,unreda fnorn the expert practitioners belong-case are specifically traced to their origin in ing to d*e above-mentioned families So as yo,r,r h&!he suEgested, if legialative steps arethe light of rnodern scieirce, the principles ofAyutveda will be probably approved by moderns mot taken to. grant, registration on the basisIt will be very useful if Dr. Sukla and his co- of a dmrt-lerm course to those who haveworkers do reseaich in this direction. ,Similarly, b,een practlsing for not less than ten yearsit $it stated that prevention of vomitting and dhcourage others from continuing in thewill cause leprosy. How can this be proved ? rnediaal profession, the problem will becomeThis is also somethig which demands . resear- more and rrxlre complex as the days go by.chers attention. lf they succeed ln their effort, So ai{ irnpartial will agree that the solutionit will tpave the way for the sPread suqgeseed by you is the best and most by you,of Ayurveda and its principles Vagbhatas acceptahtr*e, The suggestion, made Ayurvedarole in this regard may be regarded as very Who uruece the principol of anva luable. Colilegetfor a {ong time, and with farsightedness and criitiricanltv" ns quite welcome. I request tha aurtlr,orki€s to pay heed to it. Bhaskaran Nair, .Ezhukone. Che*ian Thomas, Thiruvella.II. I read the editorial of the March issue ofVagbhata with keen attention. Today thereare in Kerala a number of Vaidyas practisitrgAyurveda on the strength of the knowledgegained not through university education hutifrrougfr hereditary transmission- lt is poss"ibb Apri$-#ay Ng85 Vagbhata an lntqrnational
    • Fare observable in the strength of statf and the It at least some Ayurvedic practitioners intendfacilities of working in the Ayurveda Colleges. to regain the respectability and usefulness of thispostgraduate institutions, research centresand science and thereby make it available to thehospitals. Though the salary scatgs of the staff public, the present position, utterly useless to"are not identical with those in othel.departments, the people, should not be allowed tg continue.there is a change for the better in that area also,Thus it can beseen that Ayurvedic institutionsa.e fast progressing in all lesoects except All subjecti including surg€ry and midwiferyltreatment. heve been incorporated in the B.A.M S. Course with a syllabus unified at the all-lndia level. But People suffering from common ailments like our information is that so far no partical arrange-.r ments have been made in any college for practi-:fever, cough, diarhoea, wound, sprain faintipgetc. are not tkaken either to Ayurveda hospitals sing methods of therapy or conducting operations or dealing with midwifery. Consequently thoseor to hospitals under Ayurveda Colleges. Evenif they are tak€n there, they are seldom admitted who pass out of the Ayurveda Colleges find itSuppose a hospital admits such a patient. There impossible to tackle the aiiments ordinarilyare no facilities there for treatrnent. lf a medical affecting common people. Thelr reduce them- selves to a situation in wh,ch ttrey b€come merecertificate issued by a practitioner of Ayurveda sellers of substandard drugs or pltrtitioners..ofregarded as a valid document by a court of law? some other system of rnedicir:e" !t is impossibleOn entry into government service candidates have to believe that the science or the government isto produce medical certificates. The certificate to blame for this. The ineffi:iency or helplessnessshould be one issued by an Assistant Surgen. of those who prcctise the systern alone is respon- sible for this unpleasant situation. What we can infer if we go deep into theissue is that a science welldeveloped in allrespects is deteriorating in the hands of a few it is high time for the fricrds and practi-off icals interested in nothing but f illing their tioners of Alurveda as oiso medfrcal organizatians-stomachs and a few industrialists interested only to stand unitedly understand the e$s€ntial feat*in making profits, without being useful to the ures of the problern and suggest to the govern-country or the people in spite of all the prebent ment remedial measures, usinE is necessary,.ef fective organization. even pressure tactics.6 April-May 1985 Vagbhata an lnternationaP
    • ;+Ft A COIUCEPT OF BASTI-GHIKIT$A TO PRETfENT THE AG€ING Prof. R. P.Swami, K, Govardhan, Director & Heail of the.Dept. of Kayechikitsa Physician, Bepart:nentof Kayachikitsa National Institute of Ayurveda, Jaipur National Institute of Ayurveda, .Iaipur Easti one of the pancha Karma, aims at the Chakrapani Dutta views on basti as vayastha-efrfrmination (shodhan) of vitated vata dosha. Vata, payitha acts by srotoshudhi. Basti absorbs theslfrfuated at pakwashaya Eoverns and coordiaates vikrita dosiras and malaa from tbe shakas, kostathe remaining vata doshas in the body. Vata and all the body tissues, as tbe sun absorbsDusti and mal.as are eliminated through apana the Rasa from the soil. lt anulomansrnarga by basti karma. The action of Basti is the vayu, which took vimarga gaman alongnot limited to evacuate untowards from the other doshas and mala, gives them a waybody but has a Significant role in maintaining to exit, thus enables them to aquirethe prana i. e" Trividha Sadya pranahara marmas, samata in the sharira. Basti by its sniEdhatwa,l-*ridya, Shiras and Basti. The Vata i. e. prana gurutwa, ushnatwa, shlakshnatwa and pichilatwasituating these marmas, enables them in regular gunas conquers and subsides the ruksha, laghu,functioning and governs all bodily activities, shaitya, khara and vishad gunas of vata in total.which are said to be vital organs.. ln a wayswasthya oraswasthya is dependent on these The orally administered druge pass throughonly. No other treatment is so capable as the the oesophagus, stomach duodenum andbasti for the Vata and its disorders, which is intestines involving various digestive pro-the governor, life saver of these thsee marmas, cesses and,becomes gunantardhan. By thisand a complete therapy as said by our Acharayas. process the drugs are not so active and soCharaka says about the action of Basti with effective when campared to Basthi Karmavarious combination of drugs if administered theraphy. Basti dravyas enters the anal routeaccording tofbaia, dosha, kaala, roga and prakruti and stays in the Amasaya, tsachyamanasayaof the individual; eliminates the malas and disease and Pakwasaya for a long time. They atotally; readily makesChakshu preenayathi, absorbed through the mu ladharanadi ChakraValipalithan apahanthi; vayasthapayathi, and reaches all parts of the body. Here theTarpana or Apatarpana to the$boby accordidgly drugs are administered in the normal from suchwithout any complication" as Madhu. Ghrit, Milk, Mamsaras and medicated kwath. lavana etc. By their swabhavik guna, Chakrapani Dutta quoted Guda is theMula act directly in the Grahani, Amashaya - andpart of the sharira as described by Parashar. laghu antras which are said to be the site forHere exists the muladhar Nadi Chakra or Amal digestion and assimilation of ahara. Charkaplexus by which the Basti dravya gets absorbed insisted to lie down on vama parshwa toto reach the whole body as the plant gets its enable and reach the basti dravyas upto grahaninourishment through its r<iots. The process of and amashaya. Here they act directly on Agnibasti is ideal and can be administered for all sthanaGrahaniand stimulate the agni forage groups, even ror avirechya too accordingly. ploper secretion of gastric and duodenal enzymas.Journal of Ayurveda April-May 1985
    • of lndriyas increases the Ama pacfian removes the avarodha in srotas proper coordination twachya etc in the body thus enabtes the proper circulatton of Rasa bnakshusrrya, carbohydrates vitamins fats etc varna The samanavayu acts promtly to divide the The proteins,, prasada and kitta ahara. By its shadrasa and which are said to be essential for the body are Umtt"* gunas increases the samyak poshak supplemented diiectly by basti Basti Dravyas ghee, milk meat, soup etc Here rma bryr qut$ich all bodily dhatus gets nourishment contain honey, Jeevaniyam" Mamsarasa It sfirnnuiiates the Dhatwagnis, endocrines and ksheeram besaid to be is Brihmaniyam. Rasa is tarpaniyam odffmer en4fmes to act normally Basti is said to dkar,ngas hy their vyavayi and vikasi guna reaches amla drvyas are hridyam; madhu is said to be e,v,ernn cell of the body and scraps (Lekhana) shleshma pittp samak; Taila is said to be by increas- shleshma vatahar; ghrit is said to be vata pitta l*.,,,e stagnant malas and removes them the dosha samata mg *rJ apyamsha there to get away from the samak. By these dravyas, dravyas by their hodV. lt increases the permeability qf the results in the body. The Basti tlissue membranes. vital properties and actions, increase the proteins Vit. B factors, fqts in the body Jt has been The snigdha guna of oils. ghrit etc removes found that they stimulate the bacterial flo{a $le increased ruksha guna of Apanavayu an{ -vhrch is situated in the intestines to synthesize promores its action in mala mutra nishkasan etc the Vit- B grouP in the bodY in the body. lt improves the movement of Thus basti karma - enables the proper met- intestines to act properly aboiism, growth vital power in the body and Sapthadhatu wardhan, proper secretion of pr"u"nt, ih" Jara and early Jara to prolong roga ifr" tif. in a healthy way in the individual endocrines helps in upachaya, bala varna t uh"t",*" in the sharira [t increases the Yapana basti described by Charkh in viman division for the gtowth of the body thus to prolong the life (Hita ayu) ""ttut"t in getting Tarunam. Vayah and is an ideal therapyregularly to gain bala varna i"rptill" It can be used ayu and deergham jeevitham, . lt is a good vaYasthaPan.;.i:l Basti by its prabhava and vital power reaches ,"r"yun" and vajeekarna also it increases .atli:i and roga kshamatwa in the sharira the shiras (head) one of the sadya pranahar dhatus, very benef icial in anapathyata *"ttu, removes the doshas situated thiere gives lt is also nourishmentto masthiska, its cheshtavah safn- The drugs used in Yapana, Basti generally iavavaf, naais in controlling the various bodily the are Jeevaniya, Brihmaniya Dhatuvardhak actions of nervous system It removes Vatahar such as Shaliparni, Mustha Bala Rasoa snutra ana garbha dosha in getting fertility aragvadha, manjista, vibhitak, guduchi mamsa- action The marfaprasadana entertains the normsl lavan, taila Ghrit Milk etc D of all senses and motor function in the body The rasa, rnadhu, Teleohones: H. O. 1154 oP. cHc. 954 TVL 2607 We suggest AYURVEDA FOR your health care . titd$niironn AyuRvEDA vAtDYAsALA & ilunslruc HollllE, lVlanncm Road- ChanoanacherrY, Kerala. for a 6omp:ete and perfect treatment Out Patient Wings for vour convenlence Ramanchira at Market road Thiruvalla. ChanganacherrY April-:MaY 1985 Vagbhata an hternati oqa.l I ..-E**
    • GONCEPT OF DISEASE IN AYURVEDA _ Dr. Sunil Datt Sharma, Clinical Registrar (Hony.), Department of Kayachikitsa, Inititute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hinrlu University, Varanasi-S, U. P. According to Ayvrveda; the living beings Classification : These diseases can be furtherata comprised of four dirnensions, namely, classified into two groups-a) Adhyatmika, andSharira (bodV), lndrryas (speciai senses), Manas b) Adhidaivika.lmind) and Atma (self)1, normalcy of whichis the state of health (swasthya), while reverse a) Adhyatmika (caused by human factors)is known as disease (Roga) 2,t. Thus it canbe contemplated that any of them (the four i) Adibala-pravritta (gienetic), e. g., Pra-dimensions of of life) ian become the seat of meha (diabetes mellitus), Arsaa (piles),diseases in their abnormal state (s), leaving etc.aside the self, which is transcendental, pure,eternal and free from diseases{.t. Regarding ii) Janmapala-pravritta (congenital), €. 9.,the other three, i. e. Sharira, lndriyas and Manas, Panguta (crippled stale),Charaka as well as various other ancient authors, iii) Doshabala-pravritta (constituitional), e.g.have ciescribed Sharira. Aindriyaka and , Mano Jvara (fever), Atis€ira (diarrhoea, Rak-Rogass,?, respectively. tapitta (bleeding disorders) etc.f. SHARIRA ROGAS (somatic diseases) b) Aithirlaivika (causcd by Natural factors) Sharira (goma or body) haa .been described - i) Kalabala-pravritta (Time related), e. g.as being composed of Doshas (humors), Dhatus kaphaja Rogas (e.g. Tamaka Shvasa)(strucutral oomponents of the body) and Malas in cold climate etc.(by-and waste products)t. Normally these are ii) Svabhabala-pravritta (Natural diseases),rin a state of equilibrium, and their slightest . e. 9., Jara (aging), Nidra (sleep), kshirthdisequilibrium is likely to generate various (hunger) etc.somatic diseasese. , Aetiology :Classificatiqn Broadly, the causative factors of these diseases can be divided into two groups - a) Sharira Rogas have been broadly classified Viprakrishta hetu, and b) sannikrishta it hethu.into two broad groups on the basis of rheir aetiopathogenesis, viz., Nija (endogenous) and Agantu ka (exogenous). 10 a) Yiprakrishta Hetu (predisposing causes)A. Nija sharira Rogas p,"*?ffi:, 3:,1*:lil"li"to,,J::",o:R: (endogenous somatic diseases) individual ro various diseases to be caused later on by the same Dosha, e. g. individuals with Endqgenous somatic diseases are defined Vatika prakriti (ectomorphic constitution) areas thc disease states which eccur after the liable to suffer more from the diseases causedvitiation of bodily tissues (esp. Doshas)tn. by Vata Doshj, Same is- the casewith otherJournal of Ayurveda April-May 1985 9-
    • type of body constitution, viz., Paittika (Vata, Pitta and Kapha). either by increasing or (endomorphic), Kaphaja (mesomorphic), Vata - decreasing them. Deficiency diseases of Doshas paittika Vata-kaphaja, and Pittkaphaja (all mixed) are quite a few in numbers and they manitest by constitution.tl , tu. Thus, Deha" Prakriti acts as the diminution of normal activitieq of the distur- the main predisposing factor for va rious endo- bed Dosha. Most of the diseirses are the result genous somatie diseases. of increase of bodly Doshaslr, for which various stages, such as, Samchaya" Prakopa Prasara, b) Sannikrishta Hetu (exciting causes) Sthana-samshraya, Vyakti and Bheda have been tg described. These can be further subgroupped as - i) Bahya (external), and ii) Abhyantara Dhatus (slructural components of the body): (interna l). Here the term "Dhatu" has been used in a broa- i) Bahya (externat) Three principal external * der sence and it etc. The externa! existing factors Agnis, Srotases includesSaptadhatus, tJpadhatus factors have been described by Charka for the create disturbance in these structures in two causation for various diseases. These are - ways. Firstly, they increase or decrease them Asatmyendriyartha Samyoga, Prajna-paradha and directly rsithoul any major involvement of the Pa rinama 18. bodly Doshas and create their disease states. Asatmendriyarth? Sarnyoga can be called Secondly, they vitiate the bodly Doshas as well as lower the vitality of bodily structures, render- as stressful contact of the special senses with their respective objects, which occurs in the ing them succeptible for vitiation and thus by the form of their exdessive use, disuse and misuse. abnormally increased circulating Dohas The last one (i."e. tfre misuse) appears to be leading to the production of various endogenous ts,tc more significant as regards the causation of somatic diseases. endogenous somatic diseases. The stress Malas (by-and waste products) : These may produced, though mind can manifest in the also be increased or decreased by the externat form of various somatic diseases e. g. peptic exciting factors, dircctly or indirectly (by the etc., now-a-days known ulcer, diabetes mellitu.s Doshas) leading to various disease states80 as psychosomatic disorders. Prajnaparadha can be called as volitional Fathogenasis . transgression of intellect (Dhi), will (Dhriti) The pathogenesis of endogenous somatic and memory (Smriti), in the forrn of non-obser- diseases (irtija Sharira Rogas) can be diagramma- vance of the right dietary as well as behavioural tically represented as follows: conducts. ft/lost of the constitutional and con- genital diseases are of this origin. Deha Asatmyen driya rtha Prakriti Samyoga Parinama i. e. the time factor has been given Prajna-paradha considerable importance for the causation of Parinama diseases as is evident by the fact that the inci- dence of quite a good number of diseases varies t in defferent parts of the day, night year and age. t t t Dhatus Doshas Malas ii) -existing Abhyantara (internal) - The externaI t I t factors can produce .the endogenous sornatic diseases, after they disturb the normalcy 1" of the varioua constituents of the body, viz., Nija Sharira Roga Doshas, Dhatus and Malas. The latter, thus, can be called the internal factors. The external existing factors (i. e. Asatemn- yindriyartha - samyoga, Prajna - paradha .and Doshas (humors): the external existing Parinama), interact with the predisposing factors factors cr6ate disturbance in the bodily Doshas (i. e. Deha Prakriti) and create disturbance in the 10 April-May 1985 Vagbhata an lnternational;L
    • irternal factors (i. e.. Doshas; Dhatus.and Malgs) c) Parinama: ExcCsi of hot or cold climateintwoways-eitheiiheydidturb ailthe-thiee may produce damage to the body and resultfactors separately leading to the production"of in the production of diseases e. g. sunstrokediseases or they disturb the Doshas only, which in summer season.ili turn distulb the Dhatus and Malas too, againprOducing various endogenous somatic diseases. Pathogenesis :B. Agairtuka Sarira Rogas (exogenous Various causative factors for exogenous, somatic diseases) : somatic diseases, directly produce damage and thus diseases of the various parts of the body. These are the diseases wtrich are produced without any significant role played by. thedirectly and do not require the vitiation of the Doshas, Dhatus, and Malas. The vitiation ofDoshas, Dhatus and Malas for their production, these factors may occur later on, in the laterthough it may occur later onrl. part of the diseasesll. : These diseases can be further U. ilIANO ROGAS (mental diseases):Classificationclassified into two groups - a) Adhibhautikaand b) Adhidaivika. Manas is a subtle entity of the living body and is responsible for all the.psychologicala) Adhibhautika (caused by external activities going on inside itsr, t, sa. It is a trauma) three dimensional entity, beiag composed of Satwa, Rajas & Tamas, the equilibrium of which Also known as Aghatabala-pravritta Rogas is indispensable for the normal mental activitiescan be further sub-classif ied as - while their slightest derangernent is likely to produce various Mano Rogas (menfal diseases). i) Jantu.krita (animate) - e. g. Krimija Rogas (infectious diseases), and diseases caused by poisonous animals. Classification: I ii) Shastrakrite (inanimate) - e. g. traumaric Mental diseases can be classified into two diseases (caused by mechanical, physical broad groups on the basis of aetiopathoge- and chemical trauma). nesis, viz., Nija (endogenous) and Agantuka (exogenous). tob) Ailhidaivika (caused by superhumrn end infectious factors) A. Nija Mano Rogas (endogenous e. g. naiural calamities and infectious dis- mentel diseases) :eases. Endogenous mental disease occur throughAetiology : the production of a state of disequilibrium in Satwa, Rajap and Tamasro, 1r. In this case, only external exciting facterst2tead to the pioductionof diseases viz. I Classification : a) Asalmenydriyartha Samyoga - Excessiveuse ordisuse ,of the special senses is of much These diseases can be classified into two groupssignificance in this case producing especially a) Adhyatmika, and b) Adhidaivika.the diseases of the brgans where the specialsenses lie, e. g. touch of burning substances a) Arlhyatmika" (caused by human factprs)hlrns skin, etc. i) Adibala-pravritta (genetic), e. g., Apas- b) - lndulgence in activities Prajna-pdradha mara (epilepsy).ufitrrifrh cause tradma to the body votitionallymrlegressing the Prajna, may lead to the pro- ii) Janmabala-pravritta (congential), e, 9."flmthutri of various exogenous somatic diseases. Jadaia (mental retardation)hml of Ayurueda April-May 1985 1t
    • ft1,3l iii) Doshabala - pravritta (constitutional), Parinama (time factoi) may also produc e.g., Murchha (unconscicusness), Bhrama various mental diseases through. the vitiation t (giddiness). bodily and mental Dashas. b) Adhiitaivika (caused by super human Abhyantara (internal): These incluc ii) ar natural factors,;: the Satwa, Rajas and Tamas. The extern factors by disturbing their equilibrium in the ior i) Kalabala-pravritta (Time related; e. g. of increase of Rajas or Tamas or Decrease t Tandra (corpor) in summer season. Sattwa, Rajas or Tamas, lead to the productic 8u of various mental diseasesrt, ii) Svabhavabala-pravritta (Natural) e. g. senile dementia. Pathogenesis: Aetiology The various caustive factors described abov create a state of disequilibrium in Satwa, Raj The causative factors of these diseases can or Tamas. The disequilibrium occurs in the for;i i+, a be broadly classif ied into two groups - of decrease of any three factors or increese Rajas and Tamas. This disequilibrium hampe a) Viprakrishta, and b) Sannikrishta. the normal functioning of the mind and resul in the production of various endogenous menl I|i a) Viprakrishta [Ietu (predisposing diseases. causes): B. Agantuka Mano Rogas (exogeuous Among the three mental factors, viz., Satwa mental diseases) - Rajas and Tamas, the dominant one constitutes +j the mental constitution (Manas Prakriti) While This type of mental disease are directly pr i1 the domirfance of Satwa, provides resistance duced by the exogenous causes and later on m il against mental diseases, reverse is true for Rajes be followed by the disequilibrium in Satlru lj and/or Tamas which predispose the individual Rajas and Tamas. tl,tB li ii to variour Rajas and Tamas mental diseases il il resPectivelYes. Classification: ii b) Sannikrishta lletu (exciting cause): These can further classified into two group a) Adhi bhautika and b) Adhi d,aivaivika These can be further subgrouped as i) Bahya (external) and ii) Abhyantara (internal). a) Arlhi bhautika (caused by external trauma) i) Bahya (external) : These are the same as described for the causation of endogenous soma- Atso known as Aghatabala - pravritta t tic diseases. be further classified as- Asatmenyindryartha samyoga, espieially in the form of misuse, leads to the development Vyalakrita (animate)-caused by varit i) of mental stress, which manifests in the form of microbes and their toxins and poisonous an various mental diseases e. g. Krodha (anger), mals e. g. Pralapa (delirium) -in encephali Avsada (reactive dePression) typhoid fever etc. Prajna-paradha, vitiates, both the bodily and ii) Shastrakrita (in-animate) - caused menta I Doshas, leading to the production of mechanical, physical and chemical trauma to various mental diseases e. g. Apasmara (epilepsy) seat of mind i. e. Hridya (brain) e. g Murcl madatyay (alcohol intoxication) etc. (unconsciousness), Sanyasa (coma) etc. April-May 1985 Vagbhata an lnternatio 12 #.
    • nl Adhirlaivika (caused by natural & of these have been dealt with ITXtFe or lw ard snperhuman factors): :1"";#"; ","r"i ::"...1il:",:l;,*f":*Tt "T i) Daivabala - pravritta (caused by spiritual Ayutveda. l-ike Sharira and Mano Rogas and infectious factorst e. g, Bhutoamads too, can be broadly classified into two major (or.ganic psychosis). groups based on their aetiopathogenssis a) Nija (endogenous), and b) Agantuka (exo- genousoAetoiology ln this only external exciting factors leads A. Nija Aindriyaka Rogas (endogenousto the production of diseases. diseases of the special senses):a) Asatmyendriyartha samyoga These diseases occur due to the vitiation ofb) Prajnaparadha the special senses by the bodily or mental Doshas8e, which in turn get vitiated due to theirc) Parinama. Specific exiciting causes. These can be further classified as Adhyatmika (occuring due to human These factors cause direct" trauma to the factors) and Adhidaivika (occuring due to supermind or its seat i. e, rlridya (brain) in various human and natural causes). The role of theways and result in the production of exogenous general aetiological factors as described formental diseases. somaticand mental diseases can also be explored in the causation of these diseases.Pathogcnesis : The various causative factors described B. Agantuka Aindriyaka Rogasabove cause direct trauma to the mind or its (exogenous iliseases of the specialseat i. e. Hridye (brain) and without much senses):inVolvement of the mental factors (Sattwa, Raiasand Tamas), result in the production of verious These are the diseases, caused as a result ofexogenous meltal illnesses. direct external trauma to the special sensesEt leadingr to the production of various diseAsesNI AINDRIYAKA ROGAS bertaining to them. (diseases of the special senses): These can be further classified as Adhibhau- Though in Ayurveda, elevan lndriyas have tika (occuring due to extelnal trauma) e. g. dis-been described viz., five Jnanendtiyas, five eases of the special senses caused by a) animateKarmendriyas and Manas, the diseases of the causes such as infections, bacterial toxins etc.last two i. e. Karmendriyas and Manas have and b) mgchanical, physical and chemicalbeen dealt with in Sharira and l/lano Rogas (inanimate) trauma; Adhidaivika (natural) - 8. 9,respectively. Thus, by Aindreyaka Rogas, is diseases of the special sensescaused by natura,lmeant, diseases of the Jnanendriyas (special calamities and infections. Detailed rnechanismsenses). of their causation can be explored in the genaral causes of diseases, described above.Classification : Thus, in brief the approach of Ayurveda to- Though great detail pertainin.q tol!theldis- wards the genpsis of disease has been presente.deases of special senses is not available in vari ous based on its fundamentals and an endeavourclassical texts of Ayurveda as compared to has been made to develop the arees, whichSornatic ane mental diseases, still, fundamentals have not received due 6onsideration so far.Joumal of Ayurveda April-May 1985 13
    • Reference Sutra Sthana 1242 Charaka Samhita Sutra Sthana 15:45 Sushruta Samhita Sutra Sthana 1:2O Sushruta Samhita .Sharira. Sthana 1:17 Charaka Samhita Sutra Sthana 1:56 Charaka Samhita Vimana Sthana 6:3 Charaka Samhita Shaiia Sthana 1:127 Charaka Samhita Sutra Sthana 15:3 Sushtuta Samhita Sutra Sthana 15:3 (Dalhana) Sushruta Samhita Sutra Sthana 2O:3-4 Dharaka Samhita SutIa Sthana 20:7 and Chakrapanir Charaka Samhita Sutra Sthana 24:48 Sushruta Samhita Madhava Nidan. 1:5 (Madhukosha). Sharira Sthana 4:61 Sushruta Samhita Sharira Sthana 8 Ashtanga Samgraha Sutra Sthana .11 :43 Charaka Sanihita " Sutra Sthana 17:62 Charak Samhita Sutra Sthana 21:18-36 Sushruta Samhita Sutra Sthana 1 :13 Ashtanga Hridye sutra sthana 15:9 and 14 Snshruta Samhita Sutra Sthana 28:8-21 Charaka Samhita Sutra Sthana 24:19 Sushruta Samhita Chikitsa Sthana 15;42-44 Charaka Samhita Sutra Sthana 35:24 Sushruta Samhita Ashtanga HridYe NidanA Sthana 12:21 Sutra Sthana 35:25 Sushruta Samhita Vimana Sthana 5:1Q-22 Charaka Sam[ita Vimana Sthana 5:9 Charaka Samhita Vimana Suthana 5:24 Charaka Samhita I 15 Sutra Shana 15:1 1 Sushruta Samhita Samkhya Kafi(a 2 Sutra Sthana 1:49 (ChakraPani) Charaka .Samhita 1:21 Charaka Samhita Shariara Sthana Sharira Sthana 1:19 Sushruta Samhita Sharira Sthana 4:36-40 Charaka samhita Vimana Sthana 6:5 Charaka Samhita Sharira Sthana 1:127 Charaka Samhita Sgtra Sthana 28:2O Charaka Samhita April-MaY 1985 Vagbhata an lnigrnationalilj[
    • .$ahl *!l.!!E x The Medlcat Emterview and &yuruedic clinlca! ffiEe€hods B. V. Parrnar. B. M. Nirmal, P. G. Scholar" Reader. Basic Principles Deptt. r. P. G T. & R.(JAMNAGAR) The Phyaician is expected to diagnose words and simple ,"rrr. Ask further how,and treat the ailment of a suffering person. why and when.did the complaints began? lfPetients usually consult doctors because the/ possible further enquire calmly about the onsetfeel un-well or because they have a problem and progress, whether it was sudden or gra-for which they require help, guidance and dual. lf other complaints are also have the pati-understanding. The mornent when a phrTsician ent arrange them accodingy te effect andcornes in contact vvith a patient the therapy duration in a logical sequence. Ascertainstarts. The initial patients interview is t-he cor- whether or not he has already laken anyner-stone of ensuing relationship between the medicine or whether he was treated by anydoctor and the Patient. The intervie nr has other doctor and why the treatment is dis-three components. (1) Emotional status of the continued.patient. (2) Factual data regarding the diseaseand ils progress. (3) Therapeutic measures to lf he has consulted exeperts or Specia-be adopted. The patient doctor interaction is llst, their opinion and report of investigationsthe fundomental to thepractice of medicine, as well as prescription and repeated consulta-Normally the interview comm€nces with the tion in the form of record should be gonepatient recounting his awareness of dis-com- throug hfort or matters whlch are not right with cer-tain parts of the body, or with his mental A sucessful Clinician is he in whom mostfunctions. ln short, when a person feels un- are confident, to gain confidence from majoritywell he seeks the help from medical pro- of patients requires a good rapport (closefession. relation) between the patient and the doctor. A good listner gets confidence earlier and with The tlistory of Presont Disorder ease. Time spent in listening to a few minutes of irrelavant gossip of the patient will be re- When a patient attends the clinic or exa- paid later on if Physician chooses the essentialmination room in a Hospital, First duty of facts required to be collected. When Patientclinician is to welcome him warmely and in freely exposes his suffering, allow him to speakfriendly manners, because he is a person having in a natural unchecked way without any distur-sr,rffering and he expects sympathy and human bance, for this purpose the consulting room oftouch. ln the begining ask the patient about a Physician should be calm, comfortable, isolatedhis main complaints and note it in his own and with required facilities of light, air, and..ilournal of Ayurveda, April-May 1985 15
    • c** water. There should be no crowd and noise minient factor, ln this !ight, particularly enqire when the talk cetween the Phsician and the into the Family History of Bronchitis, Astharn Patient is in progress. Tuberculosis and Plurasy. Similarly the history regarding family members suffering from Rheirm- lf a Physician gains confidence then he atism, Angina Apoplexy and Heart disease Sqme succeeds to have a most valuable insight disorders of nervous system and mental ,disorders into Patients mentality, his nature of work, also runin some families, so Histori of Fits family and social background arld the real cause Paralysis, Migrain, Chorea is also to be noted ln oi nis disease. For this pulpose Ayurveda has some areas where many families suffer f rorn Kidney given most valuable instructions and guidance diseases Hyper-tention, Gout and Haematuria in dealing with the Patients during the interview. enquiry about those disorders in respect of mode of living is also desirable. Some Haemo- Physicians Ablity and the Limitations rragics dieases are to be noted carefullyr i e Physical diagnosis is to be learned by loss of blood, Epistaxis, Bleeding Piles, Jaundice experience- it is not dn interitance. lt is never and Manorrogia etc. as well as the Blee,ping revgald by a Teacher, so if a person wants lo Tendency due to RH factor defect" Diabetes become a good Clinician heshould try to cultivate Leprosy and other long term diseases in the the habit of observation and utilisation of sense ramily members is to be specifically noted. organs correctly. A person,should have a slogan in his mind "lean to see, learn to hear, learn to feel, Past Flistory Some Diseases: 0f learn to smel I and know that by practice alone can you become expert". To increase ability of This also gives a clue to understand observation and use of sense organs you should Etiopathology of some diseases i. e. Malaria may be the cause of enlarged Spleen or , use them often and meticuluslY. spleenomegalay. Rebeated use of toxic drugs According to Ayurved a Physician is advised or addiction of Alcohol can be the leading to make efforts in increasing his quaiities and cause for liver enlargement. Disability or abilities more and more to understand the disease malfunction of any organ may be the result and treat accordingly. of unsucessfui operation. History of fall or serere injury may give a pelmeanent damage The need of history in the dignosis: to motor or sensoly function specially of legs lt has been estimated that the clinician Head or hand.. can make the diagnosis by studying the history in over 50% of internal diseases and addittional Personal and Social HistorY: 2Oo/o may be recognised by physical examination and anothet 2Oo/o can be revealed with the help Every individual is a separate entity. No of Laboratory tests. The remaning 10% of cases two faces are alike and responses of two defy diagnosis with any reasonable degree of patients always differ to the stress and strain certainity. The history of presenting symptoms of and the caused of disease in different indi- chief complaints should be supported by special .viduals. The endurance power also differs interrogation regarding the organ or system in every individual. So it is better todecide affected and the seat of dlsease suspected lt "what typc of person is sick rather than what disease he suffers is only the experienced Physician who can catesof importantance offrom"- This indi- type the constitution and logically decide what type of questions are to be " asied in each individual case in the interrogation and temperament in to the field of clinical of the Patient i s medicine. The family history and its imporatance in Personal Life & Some Habits: diegnosis: The personal life of a person may be Mordern Medical Science has elaborately divided in to many sub- topics i. e. the classflfied diseasqs having heredity as a pro- status, education, Position in the family, any &o April-May 1985 Journal of Ayurveda .,r... .. : : :, .:.-:...,.-, ,,i .,t;::*;.,:-.-:,:.itj1.i l.,::
    • ?.€. adisturbance in his tamily life and axiety to The field of work or the source of actioncope with, the habit and type of diet, regu- is the discordance of body element giving rise tolarity of taking food and sleep,, frequency of advent of a disease, recognised by the increase orthe use of Tea and Coffee, Tobacco, ;lcohol or decrease of the science. and s,yrnptoms of humourhabitual use of drugs or seif medications. The (V. P. K.) in msrbid condition. The purpose ofsanitary situations and comforts i,r the homeand housing as weltr as financial posrtion and treatment - action - is the restoration of the body-elements inequilibrium and alleviation ofnumber of dependents. The satistaction or morbid condition.dislike about the occupation or job and indu-strial hazards of chemical poisoning related with When a person has achieved the state ofthe tlme and place of service. The residence as eqilibrium of body - elemenfs - the conditionwell as migration or journey in the un-hygenic of health indicating sign and symptoms arearea and the history of, operaiions or traumatic are reestablished again.incidents. Criterion to Asses the Fitness of l.L Ferson The setback play6 a very vital role in the or to note the Progress of Recovery fromdisturbance of mental ability of a person. the Diseases:The sad incidence of death of any familymember or nearest friend or partner as wel I (The indications shwoing recovery or progress)as financial loss due to natural and man-madeefforts may change the mood of a pjerson to Health Inriicatorsenjoy life in a nut-shell a person sufferingfrom Psychic or physical disorder is to be 1. Alleviation of painconsidered as a living human being having a 2. Accession of voice and complexionback ground for health and suffering from 3. Plumpness ol body i. e. nourishment indisease due to disturbance in the ability to proper amountadapt himself to circumstances. The ideal 4. lncrease of strengthdeflnation of health suggestdd by Willium Boyd- 5. Desire for foodA condition of normal structure and function 6. Relish of eatingof , body having the ability to adopt according 7. Timely and proper digestion of the foodto the changes in environment. This endurance takenor adjustment ability is partly hereditary but 8. Approach of sleep at the proper timeit may be acquired by artificial means also. 9. Not seeing frightful dreams. i. e. (Sonud sleep).The Ayurvecic cofucept and instructions 1 0. Happy awakingregarding ten points for examinations 11. The proper elimination of flatus , Urine, Feces and Semen ln the investigation of a case-Sick person- 12r Freedom from impairment of any kind ofThe following method is to be applied by the the mind, the intellect and bense organe,physician. The physician is the active,part inthis function. The method of approach is two The fruit of action is the aftainment offold based on authoritative text (1) Direct hapinqss:observation (2) The inference. The Physicalexamination by sense organs is the direct observa- It is known by satisfaction of the mind,tion and the things which are elicited from a intellect, senses and the body. The person feelsPatient or the relative to be interpreted logically happy, chearful and well. The place of actionunder the guidance of classical description-is has two rneaning;- 1) The Country in which athe inference. The apparant thiugs are direcly person is bron, has thrived up or he has becomeobserved but the things which are not visible sick 2J and the drug selected from Geogra-or accessible are to be inferred by induction phical land as well as its use in the differentor dgduction. (The Logical way). system or organ of the body.-lournal of Ayurveda- April-May 1985 17
    • f,he thorough examination of.patrent is The angry Cobra definitely bites and pours poison, similarly the vitiated Dosha being aggra-pe,rformed keeping the disease as a nucleus and vated are spread in different directions mixedl her nine examinations points surrounding it with circulating fluid and settling in differentThey are 1) The habits 2) Tone of system3l Cornpaclhess 4) Propo-rtion 51 Homologation body tissues, giving rise to a chronic disease wnien iakes tremendous tiJne, money and effotts6i il;;ffi"Lnaition 7) capacitv 1o foodEl Capacity for exercise 9) Age Atl these ate to cure without certainitY tille factors to ascertain the degree of the strength Sushrut has adpropriately used the term-of a person Aturopakram in the title of the Chapter No 35 The knowledge of the measure of the strongth of Sutrasthan. lt means that the approach toof the patientend the intensity of morbiCity are the Patient should be that sucessful act beforeessential for the selection of proper rnedicine stariing the treatment because ir is a saylngaccording to the proportion -or. the -degree of that well begun is half done" He has also*onOiditi and the slrangth of the Patient placed same idea to assess the Ayu as the A physician who does not consider the first topic to be discussdd lf a person is to his disease, the seasonsuength of a porson in the begning of the survive then onlytherapy, cannot expect desired effect and the Agni Age, Body, the strength; Enduranceoosibilitv of undersired effect increses The person Homologus. diet the constitution and theH;;;;;;";;*il in" iite ror therapv so to avoid proper medicine along with the tirnefallacy; one should strictly follow the mothod and mode of administration are to be con-of Examination of a Pationt to assess the excel- sidered in sequence. He has beautifully lence of starnina of the individual The next desiribed in physiogramy as well as develop- step is the assertening the life span of a person ment of physique of a personr to select three because dead body is not to be treated Kala is types of Therapy- i ) Elimination Theaapy the time or State of a patient for administration ot 2) Pelliative and elimination (rnixed) 3) onlv a drug. The timely administered druE prodtrces de- pelliative The classification of persons is given Iti.Jiit"ii. on iru contrarv the drug used after according to length of possible servival period Drooer time, does not produce the desired effect i. e. Dirghayu, Madhyayu and alpayu ln this ?;;;ri|l-su ot- ptop,it examination is to obtain context normal measurementof body and its real (Crystal ciear) knowledge of the condition diff erent organ is mentioned in terms of anC ine time of treatment to be adpoted to length, Breadth and circnmference The para- correct the morbidity. This isa skill of a Physician meL, used here as the Uuit, is the Amguli which is termed as the "YU KTl" or the judgement (Finger of the same Person) llhere are some dangers indicated by Charak Seushrut and Vag bhatt that untimeiy useil ilrug Further he has speci{icalty discribed three is harmful to the Patient. For exarnple if this main stages according to age changes in a rule is ovetlooked and StaSnbhan is given in person. He has partly followed Charak in his Atisar the Patient is harmed much and the Patient discription The nourishment of the body has if treated un!udiciously ln the treatment of major impact on the therapy as a stout person frurlar"nrration and abscess also one has to be Oue to accumilation of fat can endure Karshan caref ul. The concept of Ama and Pakva is (waning) A person of middle buitd group is to be ennphasied by Sushrit. A Surgeon who does main-tained from fatiness and leanness lf a Physi- rot ti"ul.,k about the condition of Vranshoth and cian thoroughlly checks up the Patient as per the 6uts open open the-unriped one. is a Butcher instructions from Sushruta and decides accor- S"li*il"tly if he does- not open the ripe abscess dingly, before starting the treatment he positivelv erqd€m hie is consideted as a fool, because he sucleds in cuting off the noose of death by the qmrrtsses the proper time o{ opetation Vag bhatt firnaE a$so oxpresseci similar thought that if a axe of medicine. He is a real physician to uses the medicine which elimindtes help the suffering person by wisdom wit and FlfiinUs,il,clan logic. Thus the examination of Patient and the M$t", ilm the Arnavastha of Jwara- deliberaterly inierview are the corner-stones for the sucassful @ettne Dosha like the Cobra-who is sleeping treatment in the medical field. .n dt trs$t md agitated by prdburre by the hand ApiF-iltar t!185 Vagrylata an lnternationall ]Wffi il tr p
    • Promislng Ayuruedic OraF Gontraceptive A. Geetha, M. Anandavally Amma, C. P. R. Nair, M. Subhadra Nair TITIVANDRUMtrntroduction Pharmacological studies of AYUSH AC 4 have proved to have anti fertility, anti implan- Many methods are adopted for family tat;on and anti ovulatory effects. world. ln lndiaplbnning in different parts of thethe very concept of family planning started Asoks (Saraca indica). Pharmaclogical study ofduring the time of Vedas and epics in lndia. The this drug in female rates has proved 55%great sage Vyasa has mentioned in his epic anti implantation effect at a dose 1 gmlkg.Mahabharata that, he who gives birth to morethan two children, is a traitor. He prescribed Kramuke (Araca catechu) 5oo/o anti implantationthe rnethod brahmacarya for the parents who at a dose of 100 mS/kS.have two children. 99/" of the peopele of thiscentury may not be able to assimilate the idea f-rksa 5% anti implantation at a does of"of bra.hmacarya, which needs special training & 5 gmlkg.mental discipline. Hence unnatural measureslike vasectomy for tuen, tubectomy for women Yidanga (Embelia ribes). Embelin an isolateas permanent methods and many other temporary derived from Embelia ribes has shown postmethods like l.U.D. Contraceptive pills, Condom coital anti fertility activity of 83. 3% a,t thesheath etc. came into popularity. Even now, dose of 120 mg/kg. ln female ratsl. Embelineresearch is going on for a safe, healthy method. causes a reduction in the glycogen content of the uterus end lactic acid levels in the " Ayurveda, one of the ancient lndian Science, uterus fluid. Anti fertility action of embelin ishas prescribed a large number. of single and mainly due to anri implantation action.gcompound drugs which prevent fertilizationinhuman beings. ln the field of research, Ayurveda The aim of the present ctinical trial wascontributes many promising oral contraceptives. to assess the safety and effect of AC 4 as an oral contraceptive. The preliminary studies Central Councit for Research in Ayurveda of the drug has shown an encouraging result.Eand Siddha has taken up this task of introducing ln the present study influence of the drug onsuch drugs, The authors have carried out a total protiens and cholesterol levels in serumclinical trial using a coded drug AYUSH AC 4 on were noted. Liver function tests were done85O cases. before and during trial.&lethods and Material Ilose lngredients of the drug are asoka (Saraca Dose of the drug is one lablet (450nglndica), Kramuka (Areca catechu), Laksha each) twice daily before food for 15 days from(Tacardia lacca) and Vidanga (Embelia ribes). the 4th day of menstruation. 1. Assistant Research Offier, R. S. S. C. A. Clinical 2. Social Worfier, R. S. S. C. A. Clincial 3. Assistant Director, R. R. I. Pooiapura 4. Project Officer, R. S. r,. C. A. Clinical.*!,ournal of Ayurveda April-May 1985 19
    • Selection of cases 5. Ruling out gynaec and other illnesses Accordingly, 850 cases were selected for Cases for the trial were selected from the the study. AII the cases were physically OPD of S. A. T. Hospital Trivandrum, based examined to rule out systemic illnesses I body @n the following criteria- weights recorded. Liver function test, Hb, Protien and cholesterol content in blood were 1. Age between 17-35 performed before and durtng trial in 85 cases 2- No. of children at least I The cases weri followed up from 1st to4Ath 3- Normal sex life cycles. 139 cases reported pregnancy; 105 were due to drug omission and 34 due failure 4. Not adopting any other method of family Table given below shows the data. planing. Pregnancy due to No. of Cycle During omission Drug failure Total 11 16 2T 15 38 3 16 4 13 13Iti.t..:ii 6r1 7 11 ,2 t4 15 22 1 105 a4 139 2t} April-May 1985 Vagbhata an lnternational
    • Discussion The data of 267 cases who used the drug for more than 10 cycle is discussed. Biochemfuxl investigations were repeated in 85 cases. The details regarding the 267 eases given in the following tables. Table No. I Age group Table No. II Maternal group Age between No. of cases No" of children No. of cases 1B-20 48 1 158 27_23 ro4 2 B8 24_26 59 3 1B 27_29 27 4 3 30_32 23 33-35 6 Total 267 ; Results observed 267 cases were followed up from 10-44 cycles; 21O cases from 10-19 cycles and 57 lrom 2O-44 cycles. 250cases havesuccessfully completod their respective cycles and 17 coses & reported pregnancyl 16 due to drug omission and 1 due to drug failure. Table No. lll and lV gixen below may be referrend for detaits. Table No. III Table No. IV No. of cycles No.. of casses No. of Pregnancy due to Side effe- completed cycles DruE---Dmg ctsI ommission failurell 10-12 96 IO 4 2 13-15 62 11 5 7 16-18 4t t2 I 9-21 29 L4 I 22_24 15 1 25-28 11 20 1 29-44 5 22 1 Total 16 Regarding the side effects, one case reported irregular periods and another, allergy on lips of weight, both during 10th cycles. No other acute or subacute toxicity noted so far. and loss Journal of Ayurveda April-May 1985 21
    • Effect on blooil BiochemistrY investigations like protien and cholesterol levels LFT TC Dc ln all the cases biochemicalEsR A Hb,*,,6 were done. ln 85 cases these were repeated alter 6 cycles trial No appreciateolmmges in the mean values were observed in these cases Table No V gives a summary ofSm imr-"estigations done.Trble l{o. V Before trial After trial Alb Glb Chol TP Alb Glb Cholilo" of cycles conrpleted 10 6.3+ 4.4+ 3.4+. 1ee-.l- 6.3+ n."! 3.4+ 204+ 3t 1.3 0.7 0.7 t2 t.7 !.2 o.9 11 6.4+ 156+ 6.2 5.1+ 3.8+ 16e+ 0.1 12 0.8 1 .1 o.2 11 !2 7.2+ 4.7+ 2.6+ 1e5+ u.r! 4.5+ s.4+ 1eB+ 1.1. 0,6 91 1.1 2.5 0.9 r 130 1.3 13 u.nt n.r! ,.n! 203+ 55+ 40+ 3.6+ 205+ ot a.4 25 0. 1 0.4 0.1 13 1.0 14 6.4+ 3.6+ 32+ r6e+ t.ot n.n! 3.6+ 175+ 31 o 0.6 o.4 tl 0.3 0.3 0.8 15 7.e+ 5.5+ 3.e+ ttli 6.8+ 4.7+ 3.7+ 18o+ 47 0.4 0.5 0.5 t4 0.8 2.6 o.6 273+ S.35i 7+ 4+ 20+ 16 8+ 6.3+ 4.1+ 1.6 1.1 0.7 27 0.35 0 o OI L7 6.0+ 4.3+ 3.5+ ,uut 6.2+ 4.9+ 3.e+ "r* 49 0.8 0.9 0.9 32 1.5 0.7 1.1 239 7.7 5.2 4.0 272 1B 5.2 19 u.ut 5.e+ 3.7+ 210+ 6.2+ 4.8+ 3.e+ 205+ 1.9 0.8 0.3 22 t.4 t.2. 9.3 15 20 5.0 4.6 3.0 193 6.3 4.5 4.O 1.80 ao 2L 6.1 19? 5.6 4.8 169 22 4.8 4.O 3.6 198 6.2 4.8 3.0 217 23 5.4 3.2 3,4 298 60 4.8 4.0 260 26 6.5+ 186 5.2+ 4B+ 3.7+ 183+ 1.1 1.3 1.2 o.8 I 29 5.0 4.% 4.0 168 5.6 4.4 4.O 178 32 8.O 4.5 4.O 227 7.6 4.0 3.6 220 14 4.6 5.O 4.O 178 6.0 4.8 3.4 198 Vagbhata an lnternational u April-May 1985
    • . ... :. j:;.i I .l-Conclusion biochemistry. The study done so far shows .:. l that Ayush AC a fs a safe oral contraceptive. A total" Ir,Io. of 850 crises on AC 4 a ioded . lt was observed that the correct use of the oral contraceptive were studie,{ from .1st to drug for 15 days in empty atomach is necessary. 44 cycles. Percentage of piregnancy.,was only 16. 12o/o was due to drug omission and 4a1/o Acknow[edgment due to drug failure. Th is .paper dea ls with t[e data avilable frorn the follow-up of 257 he authors are deeply .obliged to pases for 1O-44.cycles. The trialwas successful . in 250 cases. 17 cases reported pregnancy. 1. Dr. M. V. Chari, Project Officer, ALURII{, 16 but of this was due to.drug qniission anC Adyar, Madrays-20 for regular supply of I was due ,to drug faifure. 4 on 10the cycles, drug. . 5 on 11th, 3 on 12th and 1..each on14,15,20 2. Dept. of biochemistry, S. A. T. H for bio- and 22nd cycles. Drug failure which occured chemical investigations.in lcase was in 11th. cy6le. As regards the qide effecis, two i"port"d oi irreguta, 3. Director, CCRAS for guidance and financial "ard, and loss of weight, periods, allergy on lips help. both during 1Oth cycles. No acute or suba- 4. R. S. S. C. A. Pharmacology for valuable cute toxicity is .noted so far. This drug did information about the pharmacologicat not havei any signlficant infludnce in blood studies of AYUSH AC 4 and its ingredientb- 1. Bio-chemicbl changes in the uierus and cervix of ovarietomized Rats Traeted wi.th Emeblin --._-_-.- C. Seshidri, Indian Joufnal of Experimental Biology, Yol. 17, No. rl2, Dec.79 P. P. l3l9-l80 2" Bio-chemical changes in the uterus and uterine fluid oi Mated Rates Treated with smettin.: A non-steriodal oral contraceptive. C. Seshadri J. J. of Exp. Biology Ygl. 16 No. 11 Nov. Lg78 . ! 3"AnAyurvediidrugforbirth-contro1_Atrial.wiihAyushAC4. " JRAS; Vol. l. !Jo. a (P. s53-55s) , .: 6 ,i :iirJournal of AyUrveda April--May i1r985 23 ,i 1. ---. .
    • * ir j ..Ashtavaidyan Thaikka{t u, Mooss . 1 Valdyaratnarn Oushadhasala H. o. TbIATKKATTUSSER..Y, OLLUR, .fiERALA. a Phone: 33s & 339 OLLURTele:. :IVYDYARATNA? I, t .a a, . .a Branches .! " ! TRICHUR Mangalodayam Buildings ,Phone: .20382 ERNAKULAM M- G- Road, JoseJun" ,, - 3l!Q7 ,r? i IR{NJALAKUDA Alenga-den tsuildings ,,. ,t309. ! . COIMBATORE R S Puram | . , i.,;. ;r, *..,. .33?.1J,; t!, . BANCefOnp 213,Meenakshikoil:Street, 1 TRIVANDRUM sreevas Tourist Home Bu,ilding, Thampaaoor OLLUR Trichur Road : A.GENCIbS: Throughout Kerala STOCKtrSTS : The Maharashtra Coop. Consumrenq Federati,on,Ltd,., -, Co-op. House, Matunga; Bombay. 1 i N. B:- Kerala Sfecial Panchakarma Treatmeots are belng-conducted under the direct supebvision of Brahmasfee,;Mooss , I ./ -l .1 : i ,i Vaidyaretnam $Wntrueda Colfegg OLLUR..THAIKKATTUSSERY : : TRICHUR DIST, KERALA K h VAIDYARATNAM NUR.SING HOME . - ,. K t . J r1 April-Miay1985 Vagohata ari lirtirnaf la .
    • Ayurvedic Approach to $ex Sr. I. R.amakrishnaIntroducfion: Since the crea.tion of this univqrse Even in thedepth of Vedas in various phyloso-,knbwingly ol. unknowing.ly man struggles for phical states,of theee three factors. were not happiness. This happiness is not a simple term eliminated.to explain but it is to be experienced. ln normal t: Fhyslological life a human being can feel sometype of happiness in subconscious state. ln the Even in lndian phylosophical ciut look the same way/ an ,unique experience, felt by the object cf life is inentioned as "Ananda-Eramha". individuall between sleep and wakenful.ness. Bramha ls feeling of God which can !e achievedWhen his rnind and gody alike enjoy the highest only through Ananda. Ananda means hapBi-state of pleasure can be termeci as happiness. fIeSS. i, t, . From an uneducated person to an educatedp€rson or any individuat from any walk of life; {teview af Literatetre:male or female, ,mentallyo constantly strugglesfor that happiness: This happiness can be Wonderful attempis to establish that sexualachievdd in two:ways because liberation of the intercourse is a healiiry act with the objectbody tissues results in mental happiness, of compiete fulfilment of mans and womans So physical happiness and the mental happiness desire were rnade by various scholars in. theare fogether called realhappiness. One individuatmay feel light happiness by .touch or one past. ln those a Western bobk on sex, -lcan fell peculier happiness in dream. First one "Garden of earthly deiights" by Sheikh Nefz-is physiCal happiness and second one is mental aor*l is counted as.one of the good. choiceshappiness but both are very limited superficial of poilosophical literature. Above them all isi4 $nature. Hence the human beings struggle the "Kamasuirast by Vatsayana. "Ariangaranga"for happiness is a deep. The real happiness by Kalyanarnalla, which was written orginallycan be achieved by physicatly by well plannedhealthy sexual act and mentally with an attached in Sanskrit, and later transulated into all inter;love. national languages, can be counted as best available healthy sexual Literature in the worid. Pleabure oriented piocessbetween a male The philossphical reEearch scholars of Indianand a female lwith organic coitus is,termed an system of rnedicine like Charaka, S;rr;;;,act of sex whereas mental devotion to- an .indi- Kasyapa, Sarangadha, Yogaratnakar dealt withvidual lyhere one can be anytrhiqg for him is tfre subject r4rith special chapters known asknown as love. The happin*s/loue and sex Flasayana and Vajeekarana wh:ich are spiecialarelinterselected, because a love lnspired sex technique of treatnieut, to keep y,outhfulnessresults a real happinees. These three things and to have . a healthy strong act of sex.were counted a.s most impotant feature. Since Exoeciaily the Charakasamhite. Yogaratnakar,the Vedic period the above feators have becomeconsidered as , living factures of life because KasyapaSamhita, Susruta Sargera, Sarangadharathese are not simply.enrotional factors but the-se Samhita etc., have go! a wonderf u ll treasuryare physjological needs of the human being. of tfre above Scince. Journal of Ayurveda Aprial-May 1985 is
    • Technique of the ,Act: . The real.success of the sexual act depends healthrl, process 9f .tTl.l act a numberlof :r on the technique of man as he. has to stimu-. .Psycho - Neuralogical Syhdromes or sexually Iate the depressed emotion of woman, . by transmited diseasis are caused. Some how iince various acts. fnJ-"r** i"v is chu-rned Ov , long time this sexual act t;ok its shape bs male "?operation oi i;;, l; " the partners in the hitarious e"p"t;it" with rougness which hurts the which the combatants hug oneach-other in the delicate feelings of Virgin. salubriousheartoflove,bringing.alltheirpa}t into passionr,"."on"r;;;;. ;;;?*i"g ivtht"i" .Hence it is a primarv nee{1o have a clear motions, atter tne mut" t,." UesiegeO ii"tuiuu, und,erstanding, full-fIeOn"O-1i:y""0::.:::""::" The man moves on wi,th speed :and violence, b3-th and females roug tqubh rougn oena- lale viour defective action .and Pre-ejaculation On as the w6man lends support to his movements, congenital Hormonal Psvcholosical so as to brins about th supreme ;;;;;;i;;: Tt]" :id: female part causes a failure, in the . defects in Really the wondeiful aids provided by the act. Proper time with a calm or-,attractive Lord to.promote,.theacthitasupreme physicalatmosphere, prior nourishment to spqrm- and and mental happiness. Making of this pleasure oVum i e, "sukrarthava Apyayan€m" are i"l""o; ;; ;;;;;;0. "* ir.ir ri,lri the essentior ra.ctors fo tl:, ::":"-:1T=Xi act. Of -coursethe sex should be determined ln the perfuirned garden sheikh stresses Anatomicilly, Socially, Hormonally-etc,, Before tfrir pr"Jur"tiin:*itf, foUiteen types of act. The the act a situaiion should be developed by Kamasutra. also suggesis various. types of act themesplves with neat attractive surroundilgs which makes both morb happy. att{active bed. ,wearinp pf, ornaments et:; Ile rreal .ach,ievement of rf.he.r hqppiness with sex -act- by.r-penetration The achievement of ,happiness depends is not, only due to the ,oh lbve oriented strong. compiete sexu.al act with o{ male organ . in to the.female tube Acharya "S*aral,1_,^1,, ;" of both..partners. ltt hu*rn Chalaka says that bv life i"il satisfa,ctioh the state o-f happiness is muringirf each other, "Keerthana"-slnging, one can attain "j,_^T:: in various things in variqus ways. i[u, ,tut" Sangalpa - concentiEtion, Rithi-Act, , which of happiness is;sthayee Bhava". This sthayee- were counted as- Astangas should be observed pa{-tners- to reach highest supre-me bhava may be different $in different individuals- by both . That.s why according ro th-6 above ;;;;;rl;":: happiness of sexual acl which should be asso- ir,"*"t"and.fema.ieareclassifiedintofourciatedwithlove... types also considering ih!ir physjcal and menta{-r, | , characters and the roots of attaining iliberation , .Trednes of Management: or Sthayeebhava. Acharya Nqgarjr-rna classif ied females-as "Padmini" tchitrini "samkhini" Vari6us drugs were mentioned by our Ancient "ld - ,Hasthini". The-first one is counted as best, scholars specia.lly by Kalyanamalla in $nanga- .He has described all th.ei physical and mental ranga and also in Yoga Ratnakaram to enhance the- rirental, physicat cap.acties "of both indivi- .of characters rthe abovefoUr varieties., ln the l,same Way males a?e also classifiedl.as fou.r duals to control the ple ejacr;lation, to inqrease varieties "Sasa" "Mriga" "Vrishaf and "Aswa" th-e.size of male organ,,lo increase -the size TheAncientAyur-vedic;scholar$agorrataofbreasti1female I ln .the clinieal studjescondu3te.!,,!.:Yt" *ono"rltriit "-oLi"ed ttl"gr"f ities oJ ,a lemale of, iex,. ln who enjoyes the highest pleasure have indicated the wonderful effect -of certain -Hospital preparations where a frale noy311t those days the objecr of sex was not oniy u, tuttitrngni.of desiretut also healthy fertilization. .therap.y failed. The sweet dishes., ghee & Milk Hende ihe Ancient Ayurvedic classics thoroughly are best nourishment to lhe- male whereas discussed alt. the factors related to sex with I Masha are counted as nice nourish: i assocratron oT rove. . . I :ltj: lil"the female. A purified Rajaiha Bhasma ment to 26 April--May 198Q Vagbhata an lntgrnationat / .:l ::. : t /..:: I ,:,::jii.:i:J}- .:.r. -:.r.,,.-,., i.. ,:..1i|i;.:,::1..,:.. :,.,:ij::r .,. :. : i -..r : ,. i:: -i;1. ::- ;i: ::tltl.t: . .t: :, <. ".: ::.,.-:.=i-r-:..;r,:.r ai:-:rr::::r:-::"::.;;: It:tr;r::.r:il::l:-;:i: ,:::l,ii.1ti<. ..;
    • : :a : ,:-ia,.1i-l!*{ .. ;i.:€ ..]. (Silver Powder) NagaBhasma., Muk1a Bhasma External and internal Genetelia of the female mixed with Aswagandha churn along ;with fit to enjoytheact for a prolonged time. M ilk pyoved as best pr.eparation to enhance the sexual happin_ess with arrest of pre eja- Conclusion: culation. ln Ayurveda a number of Vajeekarana Yogas which were meant to develop the sexual Apart from all the above the happiness capacities in both sexes by. vaiious prepara- to the sexual act cari be attained only if one tions were mentioned especially in the Charaka acts, with mental "and physical preparation to a Samhita. Yogaratnakar, is also rot much behind stimulative state with complete devotion and in this respect. Pippali, Saindhava Lavan, love. Both ,have to adgpt a systemat;c healthy Asyvagandha, Mercury.are some of the ingre- approach to sex if th6y want to get real dients which makes a man active in the hapyiness, which is the ultimate object of act. ln thesameway an external-Application such people. of Padmaka, Malli-ppuvu etc., al5o makes the @ YASUDEYA YILA$AM AVURVEDA PTTARMACY AND NURSIruQ fiOME FORT, TRMNDRM, KERALA-695023 (pHoNE z 72136) $ rep-utgd Ay-u-rveda centre with a high traditiorr situated Sree Padmanabha Swamy Temple. close to , Genuine ayurvedic m.ediiines prep_ared uoder expert supervision and guidence areavailable from the Pharmacy. Working hours 8 a. m. to 9 p. m. on.all days. Nursing H.ome _qr9-vi$91 fbr inpatients treatments such as Pizhichil, - $javarakizhi, Elakizhi, Dhara-, vasti, Massage etc. tvtasiage an<I F,lakizi are done to outpatients also : specialists"in pancnaicaim?. Free medical consultation at the outpatient wing from g &; m. to l2-30p.m. and]p.*. to 8p m. on alldays. " Books published and. available for sale. I I Diabetes Rs. 50 2. Keraieeya Chikitsakramam Rs. lj i 3. Yataraktam (Rheumatoid Arthritis) Rs. _15 i 4. Bronchial A,sihma Rs. 20.{j a :* Libraries and medical students are given commission of 10|o i I Journal of Ayurveda April--May 1985 27 ,::!
    • ldeffiti$Ecatisn sf Kalanchoe Spathulata [lC. C. S. Yadav C. L. Yadav Lecturer Research Scholar & Deptt. of Dravyagun Drptt. of Dravyagun Rajki;ra Ayurved Mahaviilyalaya I. l.i. S. S. S. University, Varanasi-2 B. H. U., Yaranasi-SAbstract /. in its trifling characteristics arid habit (Hooker J. D.1879). ln Ayurvedic pharmacopea several plantshave been used under the name such as painvija, Because of the leaf seedlihghabit severalvatpatri, Asthibhaksha, Asmabheda, Chatuspatri, species of Bryophyllum and Kalanchoe are taken,l,4ohini, Airavati etc. on the basis of their uriderParnavija. Parnavija is itself not clearcharacteristlcs; But sorne Ayurvedic practioners and has been described under pashanbheda,l.rai,,e clinicially treated the Kalanchoe spathulata another highly controversial plant which isDc. and Bryophyllum under the nanre of Parnavija. described by the name of Asmabhed inActually Kalanchoe spath4lata Dc. and Bryo- Brhatrayi. Vatapatri, another synonym for_thisphyilum are two separate genera. The identi- plant, has been given by Bhavaprakasa (16 CentfiiationofBryophyilumhasbeendefinedveryA.D.)etc,,ell in every text book of Ayurveda and Botany ITherefore the Katranchoe spathulate Dc. *r"ilu Distribution rexplaihed on the Ayurvedic concept as well as lt is found in tropical Himalaya from Bhutann-:orphological characteristics. The study is to Kashmir at the altitude about tbOO-aOOO an6Lloncentrated to prove that the name Parnavija also.commonly in Burma, Warm China 8Java.rn relationtoKalanchoespathulata-Dc. isauthentic ln india it is rxostlyfourid in Bengal.oesides other Ayurvsdic synonyms. Ayurvedic Synonyrnstrntroduction Parnavija, Pashanbheda, Asmabheda, Upalbhed Kalanehoe spathulata Dc. is usually mentioned Silodbheda, Parnah, Asthibhaksa, Vatapatri, Chatuspatri, Mohini.under Parnavija by most of the recent scholars,because their leaves when placed upon moist Farnavijaground, take root . and produce young plant.Parnvija is not mentioned in Ayuovedic literature This plant is not noted in any Ayurvedicyet Kalanchoe spathulata Dc. has been accepted iiterature. Modern scholars consider it under theas Himalayam plant by Dymock et all 1980) and different species of Bryophyllum and Kalanchoe!ndian medicinal plant by Chopra et al tr956). both of them belonging to the. f€mily ciassul-tsurt according to Watt G. (1980), this plant was aceae. Parnavija-or leaf seed the name is givens:id to be brought in lndia fi.rst by Lady Clive because when iis leaf is placed on moist, groundrn ,tr799. This shows that either i! was i.ntroduced take root and produce new Plant.lni lndia or it.was already present but was ury :krnown. However several species of Kalanchoe Pashanbhedaare found in fndia and abroad. The indian Some authors used to consider it under thespeeies Kalanchoe spdthutata Dc. is very constant name of Pashanbheda, which has been mentioned April-May 1985 Vagbhata an liternational i{,:r
    • ldl ftl! cf weralsynornnns in AX.rrvedic fuumrln Sodhalnighdntu as Sitavirya, whereas by Bhav- s eS. Asmabheda or Asmabhith {in prakash is usnaviray. .Airajathi is of usnavirya. ii upalbheda {in A.A.V!, 8,-143) and It seems that description given fin iC- S. Su 4, 49, Sa, 8, 29,89, may be of Airavati and not of by Bhavprakash Itil 39.169]. All these rvords literally mean Airavati vatpatri. Further r ,is narangi, a plant of citrus species and , i.lsually stones are salts of calcium. Mohini in Brihatrayi a plant of solanum species. ribnea,ks the stone either of rock, hills t"racts {human body). Stone breaking DESCRIPTION-Syn - K. Varians; K. nudicaulis, ,li,,as been established in Bergenia ligulata n":; K. crenata, olive; K. aiutifolia lkurz- r&mqri- as Well as also mentioned by rnany nmear:h workers. Charactbristice Features { { Mostly six species are found of this genus: 1. K. Glandulosa (K. heterophyla) lmhurrnnmfh rneans Palasavriksa {Butea monos- 2. K. Spathulata illliimri Kuntze; (Vaidyakshabdsinbhul. 3. K. Eloribund a rwff Butea monosperma linn aie flattened 4" K. Grandif lora r anci on moist ground produce a new 5. K. Brasiliensis tjltc nTnirsjnt be that due to similarity in shape b. K. Laciniata iatiiriE property between seedsof Butea Wwffi-*la and leaves of ,{iffenent species of Genus Kalanchoe ard Kalancho", ihe nrr"" purnr"if t for later plants. Erect stout perenial herbs, leaves opposite orthe upper alternate. . Flowers largje. erect in many f lowered subpaniculate iyrnies. Calvx i0fl}rWr,mmmrum.et al (1890) has mentioned Asthi- Corolla - 4 partite, or 4 - fid hal{ way down with afr-:e! Sanskrit synonym for parnavija. -. 4 fid a f lask shaped tube and spreading half way dovfin limb, much excee- rneans eating bones. lt .is therefore fihat ruhen this drug comes in bontact _ ding rhe calyx (yelloW in lndian persistent species). ffimnr:ree. et dissolved- the calcium saits from rffitumrmf,s- F,lone has mentioned Stamen- 8, in two series, adnate to lth" base of Asthibhaksaim,timllMnfl"l tr-{ence it seerns to be incorrect to the Corolla-tube, eittenuated into long am a Synonyms of parnavija. But Asthi- style. , Ovary fims been accepted as plant by , other rqr:sre it is suggested as a kind of drug, - ovules very mafy Fruit Foilicele-4 {:+arrn as Ghayamari in Maharastri. - Seed many, oblong, ellipsoij, with g-1b L Is used for Kalanchoe pinnata, pers, - longitudinal ribs - DM species, chiefly irl[ nnay not be ,applied to Kalanchoe in tropical and south Africa, Ssvetal Dc. because it is a plant of Himalayan in tropicalAsia,one is Brazil. K. SpathuEata Glabrous, f leshy herbs, O".3-1.2 ri. trigh,-pta-ltlil{bmpmr:: israken as a kihd of pasanbheda r;ts leaves spatulate oblong crenate, upper ffiryre,."rtu with Synonyms Airavati, Godha- distant and becoming - very narrow sometimes 3- r$iiitrr+arne and Khatwanga. Bhavprakash foliate, the lowest bracts similar, lower panicie has quoted another synonym moHini. branches usually opposite, sepals elongate tri_ mmru{suc we found that these may not be angular from a broad base. Stem-l-4 feet high, bdlt separate plants. BeOause, pro- Lower le-aves commonly 3*4 inches (sometlmes mf ,nratpatri given by Rajnighantu and 10") long besides the petiole upper leaves d Ayurveda April-May 1985 29
    • as Asthibhaksa. Ghayamari is the plant of{h!,ith the ;Ltiol*) often 3"-4" long by E incilesbrroad" frequently sessile, Coryrnb fjattish or more Maharastra whereas Kalanchoe spathulat6 Dc israretlr ellongate with few scattered linear bracts the plant of HimalaYari regionsi--+"" In long. Flower-clear yel"low, themuch as corollatL{tr,e E labrous" Calyx-in lruit often as Airavati, Godhavati, Mohini, ShYamaS *r,rfr5g. This species shows probably be except and Khatwanga have been mentioned asu,r tre orange tint of the flower and with synonym s of vatpatri by many Ayurvedic scholarsK, Crrnaia, but the lndian plunt. is very constant Actually these are not synonyms but separateim rrs triiling characteristics and habit. plant keeping different propertles as well as morphological differentations. Parnah is theConclntion plant which grown up by seed not by, leaf Tbe f,alanchoe ipathulata Dc is not a pashan- study to focussed description -onlyon leaf which behaves as seed.bheda. Actually Pashanbhed has been provedarud widely accepted as Bergenia ligulata by manyscholars. lt is not also a vatpatri because its - Parnvija name is authentic because its leaveleaves are spatulate in nature (ie,inlaminar when placed onmoist ground take root andstucture, length and wideness of lamina etc) in produce young plant which is practically obser-comparision with vatpatri. The leaves of vatpatri ved by us as well as other Botanists Morpholo-become ovate in shape. Kalanchoe pinnata, Pers gical descriptions and seedling hbbit or the leaf {Ghaymari) has been accepted as Asthibhaksa of Kalanchee spathulata Dc certified that if mustNone- has mentioned Kalanchoe spathulata Dc be used under the name of Parnvija References 1. Dymock, w.; warden,c.J. H., Hopper, D.; Pharmacographica lndica, Trubner 8Co.; London Education, Societies Press Byculla, Bombay, Thacker, Spink I Co Galcutta 1890- Vol. l, p. 590. 2. Watt, G. A, Dictionary of Economic Products of lndia, Cosmos Publication, Dehli, 1890 (reprinted 1972), Vol. lv, p. 56,3-564. Singh, B.; Chunekar, K. C.; Glossary of Vegetable drugs in Brhatrayi, Chawkhamba Sanskrit Series Off ice, Varanasi, 1972, P. 27 Williams, A Sanskrit-Englis Dictionary, oxford At tht Clarendon Press, narv Oxford, the 1r 970 P 123 Y.M. Gupta, u. c.; Vaidyaka shabd.a sindhu, (Revised 8- Enlarged by N.ry.Sen), Pub. by Nagendra Electric tllachine Printing. Culcutta 1914 Joshi, V. M. S.; ieshi trl. H.; Alrurvediya Mahakosha {Ayurvediya shabda Kosha) Maharastra Rajya sahitya and sanskrit Mandalas, Mumbai, 1968, Pt. tt; p.32 Chunekar, K. C., Hindi Commentary of Bhavaprakasha Nighantu, Chaukhamba Vidhyabhavan, Varanasi, 1969, P.451 Raianiqhantu Sahito Dhananvantariya nighantu, editeci by N. S. Purandara (V:c.Rpte, Anandasharma, Poona), 1896; p 37, Verse 211 {See serial No. 8), P.37, Verse 21.1 Sodhalanighantu - Namasangrahq AGung-San-graha,- g^ciited by Sharma, P..V.; Oriental lristitute, Baroda; 1978, .ll p.128, Verse 429 il 1 " (See serial No 10), l*O 15, Verse 162, p.62 Verse 567. 30 Aptil,:MFV 19-85u Vagbhata an lnternatiqnab
    • ;s$r t , Wmg$xfuffi€&$ €eesr 0f &aadia Vagbhata, tle, Acharya of Ayurveda,need no special introduction The Acharya trss aecioeo to the length and breadth of rndia i" oiJu, travel throughout the presenrcondirion of Ayurveda. with to see for himserf the his is r,is Jircipri,i"""r,ur" aswell. The information they get by.observing and listening *li1:.rraveing i. o-".ilq dulycJnvey"a to,tt,""EOitor: "iru" publishing it. The individuars and uru insiitutions referred to in this are merely imaginary. Similarity, if any, is simply accidental. l. The Physician on the gea_shore i Vagbtrata: n niie place we have come down to. Vegbhata: yes. I too feel the odour. Clear- rnorning. Calm sea. How queit enqui"r" sea-shore ! I Let us walk a little along the and tell me what is the matter this there.. I,l! snore. wait here. Disciple: . PeopJe have scarcely stirrod out. At the Acharya,s instance the desciple drew Form their dress and words_ crowd. There he saw a ti,.t"f,"U il;: near the Two or three benches are there close ro theVagbhata: lt seems the land of Malayalis, plam-leaf screen. A man is sitting on a stool. Those sirting on the bench doesnt it? Right it is so. A place well i"ir.iig ro him known about their ailments. for Ayurveda. Thq seat of the Asha Vaidyas. said The "* on tni stool is man to ba a Vaida. There is a kit tied the carrier We are lucky to have descenOeO h1re. The of the bicycle in front of the shed. The ,Vaidya. standard of Ayurvedic system of therapy is lrppti** Kashayas, powders, oils and lehyas easy to ascertain here. ftom inside the kit and reeeives money in retur*. The disciple cunningly collectedDiscipte: Yor.l have aiready totd me all information that there are from the others. lt was with a srnile on ,the face your renowned disciples and medical that he came back to the Acharya. ins_ titution [ere. Vagbhata; What,s the matter there?Vagbhatai We have come here to see all thai at first hand. Disciple : tts all treatment. The miracle of sell_ ing medicines before the patent,s accountDisciple: Look, there is a crowd at of that dlace. his illness is finished. And frorn there comes the bdour bf Kashayas oils and pastes. Vagbhata: ls it so? Wf,o is the physician?Journal of Ayurveda Aprial-May 1ggs 31 1.i:r
    • : : ._ . t. : .. Discipte : lts neither the- Ashta vaidyas nor any Vagbhata: My God! ls this Dharma raiya" in of their tenants. Someone. such a predicament? lsn,t there anybody to Vagbhata: Hasnt learnt medicine? hear this? to question this? What a prostitu- tion ofuAyurveda! Making money by thievery! Disciple : No symptom of that. They say he is Come, let us go back. Sucfr wickedness is an employee of govt. establishment here. beyorrd my endurdnce. Vagbhata: Does he practise his medicine there as well? Disciple: I beg tb differ. lt 6es not seern pro- per to withdraw.from the scene. Can,t some Disciple : That I dorit know. Heard his desi- gnation belng said in English. Co-uldn,t grasp remedy be found? I doubt. it. Scavanger or something like, ihat. Vagbhata: I am disguisted. Yet we wiil go round Vagbhata: ln English I haven,t hearcl such a a little longer. term for physicians, . perhaps it is some new .,: title - However, he has been dispensing drugs. That... Discipte : I feel like going tothe vaidyas $place . of work. You are the patient and I am your Disciple : That secret also I came to k4ow. The helper. Your name is Patameswaran and drugs supplied are. said to have been pilfered mine, Nanu. , I by him fromrthe Ayurveda institution where he is working. Vagbhata: lf so, Nanu, go in front. LYSENF; {HERAPY FOp HERPES PROVE EFFECTIVE n- Relief from pain and the discomfort of. cold sores and genital blisters caused by herpes simplex virus, may bow be provided by a safe, non-toxic food substance. l; recent tests, immediate retief and suppression oi further outbreaks. of herpes were achieved in over 95o/o of the patients who underwent treatment with lysine acid which was administered in daily-doses of 312 mg. for several months. According to dermatotoglst James L. Piokin, who uses lysine, it is-important that patients taking lysine delete from their dist foods that are high in arginine contemt-namely nuts, chocolate and cola drinks since cells invaded with the virus will thrive wfren t[eri is propottiondiely high arginine-to-lysine intake. While his patients were started on I grn. of lysine per day, a. better response was achieved when the dose,was increased to 3 gm. per day. Easteru Pharnnacist: x2 Vagbhata an lnternational
    • ii ,MNAM&-PMAKRITI lffi-Pm&KHrH {PSVffi ${ CIsO 5ffiATrC- c$rusfiTuTtqru) Iru AYffffiv*DA- Dr. K. K. Sharma * Dr. A. K. Guru ** Prof. L, V. Guru xx* Introduction:- devetopment, other medical sciences like Unani, Homeopathy and Modern fVl"Ji"rf No two individuals are atike either Sciences, phological, physiological or behaviour"t in rnor_ have also emphasised the role ot-O"t,r-prakriti Ai*"n"_ (Constitution) in prevgntive and ions. Since the eartiest time, the study sf curative aspect Prakriti (Psychosomatic Constitutionj has Deha- of medicine. All the measur€s of preservation a topic of interest to man. The variations inbeep of health and cure for disease are gross structure of the body the consideration of Deha prakriti based on was studied as early Prakriti of an individuai. Deha_pru anO Manas from the time of ngnivesr,iOoortl. is considered to determine triri-ot a. man ..as his to different psychosorhatic disorder.. "usceptiUility Definition:- ffr"i, pattem of manifestation.of symptoms, the general course of disease, comptications and ou"rlli prognosis. fi . . Prakriti may be defined as the state of body which is unchangable and nbt harmfulthe Accordingly, it also determines the ,individual,s fl I the individuat concerned. lt develops duringto responee to. the therapy given. Thus, the con_ t # tr the process of fertilization sideration of Deha_prakriti. of rnui i, very c"r.LO by the ; prbdominence "na of some factorsr tfriJorh..l. Deha- fundamehtal to the lndian system " of medicine. .d The chief aim of Ayurveda, ;;;;;i";r;;;;;i.; Prakriti (Psychosomatic Gonstitutionl oi p"r"on is named accqrding to the pr"dominenc" of u is to keep the three Doshas fh"urnours) ie. Doshas e, g. Vata, pitta or Kapha,,r. Vata; Pitta and Kapha in Horortrti" state{. Deha-Prakri ti (psychosomatic The term Frakriti, Doshia prakriti and Deha-Prakriti, are synonyms u, Constitution:- ,"irioned in .different text of Ayurveda,. The-lndian svstem of medicine describes Deha prakririiFrv;;;r;_. Ayurveda is the only ancient science whichhas given extra-ordinarf emphasis on the phy_ Tlrjl C:n.titution) from different anstes.. pri- marily the prakriti hai been gonceiriedchosomatic Constitutisn vis_a_vis constitution psychosomatic entity. The as a(Deha-Prakriti and Manas p*rakriti). humantonstitution has Witf, turtf,", a genetic and an acquired aspect. The aquired * Demonstrator, Dept, of Basic Frinciples, l. ** M. S., B. H. U, Research SchoJar, Dept. of Basic Principles, *** l. M. S., B. H. U. Prof. I Head, Deptt. of Basic Principles, t. M. S., B, l-1. U. 1. 3. Rasvaishoshik Sutra 1/7 Narsingh Bhashya. 2. "Charak Sutra 7:40 Sushruta Sharir 4:62 4.. Charak Sutra 1:53. 1. Charak Viman g:gb, Charak Viman 6:13, Charak Sutra 7:40.Journal of Ayurveda e Aprit_May 19gS 33
    • constitution develops in relation to environmental , Though anormal living being isthe result factors e. g. age, sex, race, family setup and of the:equilibrium of the three above said:. climate. The genetic constitution mentioned in Doshas (humours) there is always a limited rela- lndian system of medicine has been describbd in, tive variation on these three humours in the body relevance to the fundamental humoral theory e. g. Kapha is dominent in the childhood. Pitta is of AyurvOda. {The Tridosha Theory). dgminent in adolescent and Vata is dominent in ,r . senitlg age. These changes are due.toage f&ctors . 1 The cievelopment of oeha-iiakriti as but cdrtain other foctors like die-t, enviroumenJ concerned in Ayurveda is generally related to.the etc. may produce them. Some changes in the . following f actorse. body whieh are transisting these changes, would not.affect thg geneticallr7 delermind Deha-Prar (Psychosomatic Constitution), because it is 1. Sh.rkar Shonita Prakrifi (ft4afrija €r Pitrija kriti unchangeable- lt wogld b6seeqr on relative Bhava or spernnogenic + organic factorS. .analysisr that certain persons possesses relative prepontlerence of one or other of the three t, 2, Kala Garbhasaya Frakriti (gastation period , iiurnorrc or their combinatien in t<i,ms of their . and intra Utrine genotypical factors). structure antl functions. This genetically deter- preponderence orsubordinance of Doshas 3. lllatur - Ahar Vihara Prakriti (Sptmyaja A mined into the variations that are seen in Deha- reflex Rasaja Bhava or the diet regiman of expectant Prakriti of a man. Thus thp Deha-Frakriti (Psych- mother). somatic Constitution) of a man is basically deter- 4. MahabhootaVitar Prakriti (Manas and Atmaj Doshas. thegenetie variations of mined by different Bhava or proto etimpntdl traits).. Depending upbn the relativii preponderence -. The entire science of Ayurveda hes been of these three Dosha6, the Deha-Prakriti can be based on ithree basis humours (Doshas) nqpely grouped into seVen grouPs2. YataoPitta and Kapha. The very comprehensive accou,nt avbilable on these humou4s ,(Dgshas) 1. Vataia Prakriti indicate thatthesethree humoursforms the basis 2. Pitiuj" Prakriti, of structure and fdnctions of entire human body. 3. . KaPhaja Prakriti : For the sake of gross understanding of this 4. Vata Pittaia Prakiiti 5. Vata Kaphaja Piakriti conoept. it may be defined that the entire solid 6. Pitta Kaphaja Prakriti.r . . structurs of the body including body cells, fibers, 7. Sama Doshaia:Prakriti , - I interstitial structures and biological fluids. con- stitute Kaphaja system of the body. Some of the Characterstics of Vataja Prakriti ,1,u,",+:i: hormones enzymes,"co-enzvmes, and other such Ruksha (strict), Laghu (light), Chala (mobile) constitution responsible fqr the physico chemical Bahul (abundant), Shighra (swift), Sheet (cold); (Metabolic) activities going on constantly in the Pargsha (roughness), Vishad (non-slirhy) - these .body may be considered as Pittaja system eight quatities oflVata, has been mentioned blr of the body, while all the actions and Charaka. Various manifestations of the human Prakriti are due tg !.heseeight responses including the *mechanism of neuro body having Vataja tansmission Tay be considered as Vataja system. 1. , Gang Dhar, Chark virnan 6:9 : Thscoordinated and balaneed functioning ot it! 2. Ghark virnan 8:95 these three systems maintains *.." ,tt:.:J^:: -- - . "^. Astanga Sangrah Sharir 8:9 organiqm and +keep it in homostatic state, and - :-:"" 5. susnruta srrarir4:60 arry sort of disturbance in the equilibrium and i ffiffi ;;;.# il;;i; i,os-og lack of coordinated functioningileads,to diseqses{, 7. Bhet viman 4:16-18 I April-May 1985 J 3rt Vagbhata a.n Internationa$ 1
    • 3$ :ai ,.i:. i .1i bf tVata: DlnSna BnO are as foltows- ,, atlributes scanti eye lashes and brows. Their eyes becorne Vataja individuals are of dry wasted and small reddesh in anger and sunlight. They are never ,bbdies gf lqng drawn,.dry fpF, in wight hobrse over powered with fear nar beirds before power- voice and are always wakef ul They arg light and ful analgeeic inconstant of gait, behaviour. diet and speech. Xaphala Fiakri$i " They are restless in their joints, eyes, brows, .: jaws, lips, tongue, head, shoulders, hands and Snigdha (unctous)., - Shlekshna (smooth). Mridu (soft); Madhur (svrieet) Sar (Firm), Sandra veins and tendons. They are quick rn their action (dense), .Mand (6low1, Stdmitiya (srable)" Guru and variation:of ,rirood ?nd patho/ogical changes. (heavy), Sheeta qcold , Pichhal (viscois) a_nd They are quickly affected,by fear, likes, dislike+ Swachha .{clear). These are the .characteristlcs quick on uqderstanding and forgetful"ess of of Kapha. The characteristics of .Kapdaja Prakriti ahings too. They gre intotelant to cold and grea- individuals are due to attributes of Kapha. They fiableto su{fer from cold. They have rough are as follows-well buitt. ,,tlV saanty hairs on the head, face, body, rough aails i They ha"ti glossy and smooth limbs and . and dry-ness in the mouth, hands and feets are smooth body, and have profuse semen and . praoked, ThBir joint make. noise orr movement, desire and good number of offsprings. sexual They are they are dishonest, vain thievish and fond of slow in lheir action speech an{ understanciingJ- music; unsteady in their friendship He is a fast They have large and, stable gait Their,hunger" walker and dreams of seaing in the sky. The thirst, heat and perspiration ore meagre. They., traits of -their ,characterstics resonnbles those of -are.of clear look,. clear complexion and. clear ,,.goat, jackal, hire, mouse, camel. dog, crow and voice. TheV have good strength, health, knowl- a9s. They are small, have qnly a shgrt span of edge vitality genfleness, - life and few offsprings. ,t..1 : - and lopg gye , ::,,;., I -. " =- r.:,i:-: f t l, Their complexrion is just like Danragrass. Cfuaracterstics ofPittaia Neel Kamal, Kamal, Seskanda, Dhanya, Gorochan Prakriti- 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and Swarna. Their eyes are whiish, hair: Ushna (hot;,Tikshna (sharp), Drava (fiquid), are custy, and black, v.oice rese;nbles the Visra (Fleshy smell), Amla facidic) and Katu rumbling of rain cloudes or roaring of !ion or {Pungent}-These six, are the properties of .of sound of Mridanga. Theircharacteristips resemble Pittq" Fersons belonging to Pittaja Prakriti have those oT Brahma, Rucira lndra, Varuna, herse. following characterestics They are intolerantbf lion. elepant snd sw:n. ,ihey prefer Katr*, Tik:a, heat" have raised oral temperature one of deli0ate- . Kashai, Ushna I Ruksha food t, ,, r, n. and clear bodyand have profuse number of rnole$; trackles, spots. and pinrples one _ face. - Persons frfVing rnixed eons,fitution i pgssess posses excessive hunger and thirst and are the properties,,of . two Dosfr.qs. Persons having . .subjected ,to 6arly, wrinkles, grey hairs and threie Doshas ih norma,l Sam Prakritijexhibit$ the,characteristics of all the baldness and are possessed generally of scanty range. This:type of - . soft, laiony hairs on the head face and body. Prakriti is consfuerea tJ ue tfdO"rt. , They ,a:re, of keen valaui, and good digestive power, intake of food and dririkk in good arnount --1 C,h;*l."fite€ l--.*_.--_-:.- : ahd. constant eater. They have flabby ,andsoft ?- Sushrutasharir 4:74 . ; ioints and excessive erspiration exorction of 3. Astanga sarrqrehrslrarir 8:15 urintl and races. "They have srrall: amsunt: of 4. Astariga, Hridya. Sfrari.a -3:g6-103 seme on, limitad sex desires and. scantry off- 5. Bhel Samhira Viman 4:22-25 sBqings; 1 Charak Veman 8:97 . 2.. Sushruta Shari/ 4:64 Pittaja Prakriti individuals are endowed with 3. Astpnga Sangieh Sharir 8:12-14 .modleatd str-ength, moderate span of life, medium . 4. hstangh Hndys Sharir 3:90-95 spiritual :kirowledge,,, wealth and acsessories 5. Bhel Samhita Viman 4:19-)l of ,life- They. :have small rounded eyes with Jgurnal of Ayurveda April-May 1985 3s
    • c &.. .l KadambariKalpaka wEthffiffiffigffi€#s Kadambar! ;;;rn;;;"-;;upeiioors, powe*ul fous-band ciesk-top rnadel. r*pet receptibn. Sq sit bjck I . Kalpaka , dTd ope frlryourself for wh.en yqu *crio-y Keltronyou qpt for lighi, elegant tvio-band traisistor. " "-"""- .. s;pqr q*a$ity Kractti steek, portabfo two-band itansistor. ffiffiffiLTRffiN Ghlnaf ::ow-|ov to se^/etrepeoda o o rwo-band transisio,. b€fjflrglfit%FE3ll3Tsil".to . ",eyio-"u"v / Clock-radlo Markstins Division: a technolosv in tune with tho times ..6 +3Jl?l#rs"dJ3iirr,?J;Tne: ooo2r * April-May 1985 Vagbhata an lnternational I l:
    • Rote ffiff ffiWqfftrwffi#e 6m WU" m. ms PrmffirffissBffie uuffiryffifftrffiru ffmr m*fi by Pffif;Pffi &. $3"" {$r K. GSPAKU&g.{R aerd Sr. ff. VH$AV,{LtrF|SH3{I, Regional R.esear*h Qextre FaalgaXoie- i.i; Abstract: ,i . . possing a serious probiern to the, human socity. The physicians have a large responsibil!tv to Jh" hncient systems - Ayurveda has many rectify and overcome this hLtr,ran problem which .plant nad6d drugs rjse.d effectively over centuries calls ioi total patriotic zeal end spir!t ofI in the treatrnent of many diseases, thus ser..ring dedicationihuman welfare frSm tinrei :irire:-:r,n,;rial ic Yne Tnere hes been a sieady decllne in Ceath present day. fven toda.y though tre ;nodern Altopathic syster-n has devetope: io e Ereat raie from 27.1 i.n I g+: -lt tc ait estimataC extent the several sicie effect ihat :auseC o! t:e i5.2 in 1371-8i.-Thi, L-rJS.it,3tui.ell:r r+culte,i in: syntnetic ilrug is -drivi;rg iire hu;nan :air:g to a ccrresponiing increase in ihe exp*:tai!rJn of depend on the natural .prodi.rct drugs wi,ch nas iife at birth. ,An sverAg,s iridiar; 5r) y+;rs bac:< no side effects at ali. However with tne rapid could at biqth "expect tr: liv= onlir icr 2€i years. developrnent of the lndustry vast sireiches of To day he can lcok {*rward tnr ilf* span of valuled forests which abound_s in plant drugs are 50 yeers which ip a positive acrivcment; but constantly destroyed. Hence there is an urgent mortatity rate "ls distress!nE by hlgh. lnfant need to find out. alternate sources, to replenish mortality is still abour tr2l 1000 :ive bi;.rhs. Bilr the diminishing drugs. ln thls paper some this is lower than rhar of tJSA (tG) UK i17) suggestions and the details of sorne crude drugs Thailand {27) and Sri Lanka (45). Similanly the sold in the markets-.are explained which will mortality rates amo{lg Jenraie e i;ilciren and pave the way to findout alternate or new sources tvcmen are as high as 418/100,000 iive births. of drugs which are very. essential to meet the The current mornldity and mortalliy pictu3e aim of the W. Fl. OS. Healtto for att hy 2000 AD. shcws one major variption frqmthe past E4treme scarcity of food has not occured. The diseases The W. H. O. was constituted in 1948. lts like small pox, cholera and Maleria have alieady object broadly is the attainment by all peoples been eradieated or curbed lo a . great exent of the world of the. highest possible level of and immunisatlon .hes prorocted chikiren flom health. lts activities comprise eradication of dangerous diseases. But in othei respec-ts, tn-5 diseases, prevention of epidemics, improvement the overatl characterof morbidity his not chan- of nutrition, dissirnination of hygene habits and ged. Diseases an*ing; fronr poverty, !gnonance, other possitive-medsures to ensure healthier malnutrition, bad sanitation, lack of safe water living in all countries. At present W. H, O, have suppiy or adequate -housing and low Ievels of adopted the slogan health for all by 2000 AD. irnrnunity arsstill the r:1ost cornnion f,*ctors. ,,1 !ndian has a population of 76 crores. Majority ln both morbidity & moriality t.here are lurge var- , of thern are economically backward. lt is esti- iations from stdte to, state (Eg. between.a death rate mated thal 65% of the_totalpopulation are belovV ot 7.2o/o!1000 in Kerala and n9.2olol1003 in U. P.) {hepoverfy line. Their health. hygiene, nutritional and some tim6s even w;thin a s,iate. Tnis is and environmental standards are deplorably poor because of the above said ractors and the clim:tic Journalof Ayurveda, April-May 1985. 37
    • .l , : ,: .ri t,,,t .. , , . i , , conditions, (Kala) , .way of liyingq (Ch?,{ya) tad v-atued. for6sti and the druls are distroyed position -of lands (Desa). Some of the comrngn"drugs like Eswari, Tagara, Guggulu; Kushta etc. whieh ire used quilt fre Most pf the lndians are arC living in villages quently in Ayurveda have, becomb r6rq in our (Rural nr"r.; and the difference between rural forests.- Still there: ore ffi?Il1t drugs Which . can and urban arga also very large. _{s a whole the be used in place of the diminishinE drugs for health situation in rural ar/eas is more dismal. l- prevention as well as treatment of the diseases. -... As stated early lndia is still congidered an I All the drug* are pahchabhouthik and havt economically developlng, country, 75ld .of the their own medicinal propdrties, which can bt lndian popuiation still depending on lndigedou6 used for several diseases. After a clittcal stud system of rnedicine only. There are more than of the properties Rasa, -Guna,1 Veeryq, Viapaka , 1000 manufactarers of lndien system products ir1 prabhava and Karma of each drug,. alternatt the public and plivate sectors. Besides, there source ban also be accepted for several drugs are thousands of individual practitioners who The afpense will be less and the gide effectl aie manusacturing and dispensing their own re- will be minimam or absolutely nil. :Asstatec quirements. A total turn over in lndia at present , many dr!.rgs are diminishingfrom,the forgstsdut is placed at Rs.lOO crores and the demand would to various reasons. lt is the duty of-fheAyqrved]c be of the srder of Bs. ut00 crores by 2000 A. D. physlcians and botanists to find out :suitable Hence,to provide Health for atlthere is a need to saurces .and to put forth their unitec , find.out alternative source of drugs to meet, .the "ltutnut" efforts. , shortage. , , There are maly drugs othe{ than ths-acc"$tet The lndian system known as Ayurveda originated . source (Wh,iqJr 6v,e ,.s9ld in the markets) r"using ir as far back as 2C00 BC which implies the science lhe sonne Ayurvrjdic, pre$arations luhd:err the samt of life and the art of living and covers all the pri- formulations. I{ has beenobserved and s{udiec nciples of other systems To achive health that some of these drngs can be easily usec Ayutveda can play an importa*t part. for prevention and treatment in place bf thr According toAyurveda a healthy person is. acceptes source. Tp cite a fow examples se( called as €wAsthian. Swasthia is thestate, when I table doshas; dhathud; agni; and malas are in -sama (equal) and htrna Mame and indriyas are.in pra- Apart from this ,to provide healthfbr ilt n ;p-hyslcians sho:r.rl{,, go tothr sanla (comfort) condition- The aim of Ayurvede 2000 A. D..the iufql, people should be adviset iS to, malrtain the swasthia & to tiea:the diseasQ$. villages and peoplp to gr ina patient restore toswaslhia. The mainlactor to on diet ahd sanitation and teach the process bf self diagonosis for mino achive this condition is the use of drugsiri the throirgh a proper time.- ailments. The educated peopfe must reapprise( r of itreir attitudes to traditional medicjne. Then t, . . j There are pbo-ut registrered practi- , should be enormous advantages in trying trtt$& "2,73,645 ti.oners in ISM as per the census of 1978 and workout medicinal kits with iiteraturs regardinl prevention of diseasesand uses of single, druge most of the lndians prefer Ayurvedic treatment. So the welth of the forest can be utalised for rhe Demonatration Classes also cen be held i yillagers where films, T. V., Radion etc. can b same purpose.. The total forest area of lndia is used so that the rutal poor couid identify an 7506 millionr hectors which is 2288o/o of the total geographical area of the country. 9o]lect requlred some herbs. constitutes , This 1.85oh ot the worid foiest .A,ckdowledgenent: wittr ZOOOO species of medicinal plants of proven therapeutic yalue. They ate collected and used Thanks are due to the Director, CCRAS,NevT as drugs anfo medicines under lSM. gritwitfr Dethi for variotts fecilities an{ Dr. B. V; Holli the rapid development of industry, the above Asst!. Director for the encouragerne,ft and helP. April-May 1985 i _l 38 Vagbhata an tnternationi l:
    • : . Reference , 1. Anonymous 1978 The Ayurveda.permalary of lndia part I .. Controller of publicatioris, ;. 2.. Gupta A. D. 1962 -- Ashtanga hridaya (Commdntry) Chowkamba Sanskrit Series Varansi. l r3. Home News 1 984 Jan. The Eastern pharmacist $ tj ;A 4. Home News 1984 P6 Jan. The Eastern phalmacist .fl *t 5. -Mathew K. M. 1 978 Manorama Year book, Manoram Kottayam press $ -s ryl 6. do. 1983 do. rff s :J. Nair K. V et al- 1982 Ancient Science of life d ";il 8. do. 1983 do. Vot. lll * No. 2 9. . -do. $ r984 :: 10. do. 1484 ln press $ iffi .H d # s ,fi .s $ g tr # fl f, fl Aprial-May 198F 39:,:i.rr-:! I i "i^i,;{,:i,..
    • ffiir ABaScB 2_= o o E-E - E E#$ F € J o o o (u o EEglgiE3iEgEgF3!i .od dd d<i. d d d d = l" c :,gE rz --!l I l E^ ." E a E .s s- t gB E-a g o X E ES 3 #> €. = E (U;r!rt q) o (o (D iie <E -(E6 S F-- 6T d E dF iB EF . .9 o # EE Og :E (o(Er=(oE=(E . E> Fto -Y fiF <rZ <cc E{ EE EH Eg <F ! (o .E (!_ :f (u=-c (oEO) _C -c;- I E to - i-;" ta E_65O) E5* E*E €f n 7ro{ (E:t o) E Ff *H ._E :re gf5 5I* -s. iE U) c la .9 $u(Ei 6JE(! J U FE3 ES E 9E E HE: EsE EEE fit (o H" (o h = e. o .oq{rr_(o EE H () OC, o. trt o -C(t)oi (,)(6(t): <Ecc t- eg# #gs #85 r i:i :i s E o ,i ,i -: rti:i i :i:=j :i a €tG Q,^t !:itt)q)- 0) dtooo iE 2 I* g, Eg EH EE E€ o : 3E Eo .E: =* (Da o .c o) :i U -(E E c rR i6 o Se iE ce gF ;3 s o. 5(l)v Es se ?E e,$ o r€ J2 o {)= o sE ct) (o- (5 -i :f (EflJ (t $ .car .5 o (u 5 (J.== rEC (! (E (t) o c q (g -6(E (o E .(l) c E=o) ao- o TL o z C-l (Y) t+ tO <; r. -: U
    • I]lt Pillnl{mttlTlcAt c0nP0$Ailolr flil$tAil l{E0|GTl{E$) ilffiAtil fiMtrt0 :1i Ifitclttln - 6$0 00t. - IC: aiu "ffit$sffiffimg" .t:"i *r A RELIABLB MANUFACTIJRER OF INDIAN MEDICINES OF KERALA GOVERNMENT ]. . Bacteria are daily getting resistent to drugs like Srilphas and Antibiotics Hit and Run tactics resutrt in terms of side effects and resistance. In these circumstances thrire must be something that the doctorcan use which is tried arrd tested - and does not have the problems stated above. OUSHADI Medicines provides an answer because they are effective and safe. 1 I Feeling and knowing the pulse of the people Oushadi, based on intenqive research of the age - old medical prescriptions, and blending them with modern medical know - how Oushadi manufacture a wide rango of Ayurvedic drugs on mass scale with the help of Research and Scientific techniques. Oushadis pure, effective and most reasonably priced Ayurvedic medicines have been helping people to preserve health, to develop immunity to disease and to lead active youthful prolonged life. "OUSHADI" is the trusted name for seientifically prepared quality Ayurvedic Medicines governed and controlled by the Kerala Government. For trade enquiries, business transactions aRd consultations. : Contact: .Managing Director 23803 Tel: OUSHADI (T.P. C. IM) Ltd. . Trichur - 680 001. Tel: 23803, 2001I , 21269, 24196 and21694. ,tJournal of Ayurveda April-May 1985 41
    • Single and Sirnple Remedies How to avoid the changes caused by excessive drinking By Dr. A. C. Rahulkumar* Though consumption of liquor in moderate grapes and dates. A drink made up af coldquantities, at proper timps and in accordance powder of fried rice and sugar is also good.with expert directions is usef u l, its excessive The meat of hare, sheep and deer is excellent,consumption, and inordinate craving for it lf the patient feels very thirsty, cold sugarwill often caught dangers and diseases. The cane juice or grape juice may be admini-following are the concomitant changes of stered so as to cause vomitting.excessive use of liquor. Certain simple remediesand easy rnethods of treatment are also given lf there is vomitting of blood, coughing,here under. pain on the sides or on the breasts, or,a feeling of relaxation in the sides or on the breasts, or a Strong or old and sour liquor, when drunk feeling of relaxation in the heart, a decoctionexcessively may cause unconsciousness, thirst, made from Amritha and Patola may be used withsleepness, fevey, internal ulcers, giddiness, powder of dried ginger. Soup eaten withdifferent kinds of pain, etc. which can be meal will also have the same effect.relieved by administering a smal quantity ofgood liquor. When dehydration follows excessive drinking, in drinking causes expore the patient to breeze at night or admin.i- if excessive indulgence ster a mnch cold water as possible. Applychanges dorninated by Vata, liquor made tamarind paste to the lips.from powdered rice and mixed with meatpierced through by a tiident and broiledvegetables, ghee and powder of f ried rice One who is tired with drinking should bemust be administered. A decoction made from rnade to drink as much boiled milk with sugarpomegranate juice, dried ginger and coriander as possible.is also good. lf a buring sensation is experienced allover lf the drunkard shows signs of heat, the body as a result of drinking, smear sandalpasteVomitting etc. which are caused by the do- or ailminister water .in which grass cuscus hasrrrinance of Pitha, lipuor made from sugar or been soaked for sometime or ask the drunkard tohoney is the remedy. This may be admini- bathe in a lotus pond or expose his body tostered together with the juice of pomegranate, the cool breeze on the banks of a pond. * Member, Central Council of Indian Medicine, Kerala State Representative, New Delhi. *42 April-May 1985 Vagbhata an international
    • STUDDNTS CORNERI SharacterI I FCInmmtimn By N" G. K. PILI"AI fSome studenis of this genration are forced to study as it were a number of subjects which are of little value to them in their day-to-day life hereafterl But th.ey are either ignbrant of or are not taught the Ayurvedic doctrines which help to preserve health and life, behave well in society and learn so as to develop good character. whatever bethe livelihood they happen to adopt later in their life. To fill rhis lacuna in thi.e curriculum, the scientific principles of Ayurveda which students might know are comprehensively and serially presented in this columns. -EDTTORI .III to be used a resting places at night. Even in the day time sites of murder, desertpd buildings and Everyday you should bathe, put on good graves should not be used for sitt,ing. clothes and use sweet-smelling substances,- You should be modest a.ne cheerfull and should not Dont look straight at the sun. Burning. only wear gold ornaments but bear rare medicinal nasty and disagreeable objects are not to be herbs on your body, stared at Liquors are not to be made or con- .{ ,$ sumed or sold. H -il While setting out on a journey, you should d have chappals on the feet and an umbrella in Dont expose yourself to the easterly wind, r:i the hand. Have your eyes looking four metres storm, dust or sand. While sneezing, belching, ahead of you while walking. lf a journey coughing, sleeping, eating and co-habiting, you becomes unavoidable at night, wear a turban on should keep your body straight. your head, and have a stick, a torch, and a etc. are done with the body kneelingcoughing lf companion with you. Dont go across the shadow forward or sidewise it will experience or bent tursts and of the platform buiit round thg foot of a banyan breathing will be blocked. Thus if each activity tree or respectable people, flagmast or evil is not done when the body is in the proper people. Similarly it is not advisable to tread on position the consequences will have to be put or walk across ashes, husk, sacrifical site and up with. polluted things. Dont try to swim across a river nor go towards a burning fire. Boats which are It is foolish to live, relying on the shade shaky, trees, and vehicles are also to be avoided. on the riverbanks, on haters of king, on cruel ani_ Dont sneeze, laugh or yawn without covering mals, poisonous creatures and beasts with horns, the face. lt is not good to pull at the nose or on the wicked and the proud. Nobody knows stroke it profusely. Without some obvious pur- the shade on the banks.will be inundated for pose, draw figures on the sand. Your or-gans when accidents will accur. Similarly, those are not to be put to unwanted use. Dont squat who indu lge in snake-charming, etc. as a anywhere for long. Stop all physical, mental livelihood sometimes invite death. Dont and verbalp"activity beforeyou get tired. lt is quarrel with good people. Eating, sextual wrong tor,isit or lie down for a long time with intercourse, sleeping, studing and thinking the knee:{ raised up. Junctions where three or must be avoidee at durk. As far as possible four patfis meet, tree basins and temples are not we must refrain from takingfood with enemies Journal of Aprveda April-May 1985 43
    • IiYomens Page DRINKS By Dr. S. Vijayalakshmi ArnmaIntoxicating drinks and improves health, complexion and the capacity Drinks that intoxicate are described as to undetstand. lt is equally suitable for themadya, which rneanssomething that makes sleepy and the sleepless The doshas "Pitha andRaktha are polltited by it. But it enablesone nearly mad. Such drinks, apart from stimul- the lean to become fat and the fatty to becomeating, induce sleepiness also. They contain lean and normalises the working of Kapha andcarbolic acid, hydrogen. and oxygen. _ A part of Vatha. At the same its excessive consumptionthese ingredients is assimilated by the body and is always dangerous.the rest is evacuated in the form urine, or sweator through the nostrils in breatliing. Used in Toddy is hot to be consumed with hot thingsrnoderate quantities, the drings will do good to or while one is sitting in the hot sun. Similarlythe body. one who has taken some purgative or is veryTortity According to Ayurveda, this drink has hungry should not drink toddy, Very strong andthe followirig properties:- .very weak solutions are also to be avoided lot of eatables must be It promotes" digestion and increase Along withis to toddy a used. lt the be consumed stowly and in the appetite. With itsushnaquality, it helps to put late hours of the afternoon, in quantities suited in more f lesh and imparts joy to the mind. lt has a sweetish, slightly bitter and acidic.taste and is to the constitution and previous experience. Toddy is also manutactd.red by distilling a red acidic in reaction. This simple drink cures fever, variety of paddy, wheat, grapes, dates molasses, sugar cane juice, honey, etc. The quality of the the cornpany of the mates in an drink dapends to a large extent on the nature inn. So is the the case with the food supplied of the raw material from which it is obtained. by a prostitute or in a hotel. Neither the But all varieties contain alcohol though in body as a whole nor any of its parts such varying degrees. as the face, hand, nail etc. should be used rm rnaklng rhythr"nic movements After washing Toddy should not be consumed alone, but ithe hands, ycu should not fark them. Likewise, only along with food stuffs and mixed with r,i$.ornen sliou ld not ihake their hair. Dont plenty of water. Fat people with dominant oe,ss through water, fire or a group of respec- Kapha constitution should drink toddy before tahle pdople. Dont expose yourself to the meal, those with Pithaconstitution after meal srmoke emanating from burning dead bodies, and those with Vata; in the middla of meal. Ailcghol;sm and implicit belief in women are As Vagbhata has observed, if at all possible mxot good because there is no knowing when toddy must be avoided, of absolutely necessary, tfrmrf w[[[ turn dangerous. one may use it mixed with plenty of water. f, 44 April-May 1985 Vagbhata an lnternational
    • 1III1 {ritical Comments Raw hlerbs and ffirugs By Sanjaya. lndigenous drugs, once easily available" ls there not a department foithe develop- have become rare now. With or without the rnent of this science ? Are there not colleges ? backing of the government and legisiative Corporation ? Is there any pansity of qualified measures all the big trees of our forests have and unqualified physicians ? Also hereditary been cut out down. The whole land l-las beert physicians and professional associations ? At filied with rubber estates or conversied into the higher level is there not a Secretary. ? a agricu ltural areas. Foresi area is d,vending minister ? the Chief Minister himself ? What year after year. ln this respect Kerala leads else is required ? As if to top all this, the th.e other states in ou,r country. All the plants physicians have at their: back and call M.L.As and trees, -whether valuable or not, are being belonging to different parties. { destroyed or transplanted. No new plants are All th;s is true, All arrangement are there- :j grown or allowed to grow. Who is there to Yet who wants this science inl earnest ? None, i see or listen to this predicament of Ayurveda ? What ? None ? Heigh ? Some innocent, inac- i Some who see iimply shed crocodile tears. iive, of f icials and some druggists want Vaidyas do not learn even f rom experience it. lf there is a generation of physicians with let alone examples. They take it as an oppor- their vigour, initative and backbone, if there tunity to make huge profits with or without are strong organizations for rnedicoes and the addition of alternative drugs. This affords Ayurvedic - practitioners, the present problern herb-sellers a1so an opportunity. They create can be solved. lf we bring uncier one banner Panchavalkas out of banyan tree alone Even all the physicians now working as members of bala is not easy to get. Brehat Panchamoolas different organised and unorganized associations have disappeared from the face of the earth. anC if they invite the authoritiesattention to the Meda, Mahameda, ridhi, and vridhi have become vital points of the problems, it will not be inaccessible. Vaidhyas vrho do not l<now how difficult to tide over the unhappy situation to identify the different drugs. The pharmacyst by growing rnedicinal plants in waste lands, who do not know the various preparations and house compounds, sides of rail tracks and i4s various stages. Gorochana musk etc. are to be roads, tempNe premises, and prenrises of other found only on records. Is anything else place of worship, forest areas (without dest- required to develop Ayurveda to its full roying the products ihere), etc. But who is stature ? Hasnt Ayurveda Susruta, Charaka there to see the truth ? Those who are aware and Vagbhata as its progenitors 7 Whate else of the facts have other things to attend to. Today we have all the favourable conditions is Ayurveda lacking in ? Wont all this do for except one -. interest in Ayurveda and sincerity Ayurveda to triumph over any other medical of purpose. So long as there are lacking" -world -system. in the ? .nothing more can be expected. * .Journal of Ayurveva April-May 1985
    • NEroS &" VIEWffi &yurveda: f{ew enterprEses essemtEal ,f i Sri" P. Remachandran, Govener of Kerala, Deputy Chief Minister, Arrukkaderkdtty Nahaobserved that new enterprises have become indis- who presided over the meeting, stressed thepensable in the field of ,Ayurveda as far as lndia need on the part of;festablishments like theis concerned. N-le was inauguraiing. Santosh Pharmaceuticals lto sell medicines at cheap ratesPharmaceuticals started in Kadalundi tovr,/n, He so as to serve the People.also added that the example set by the AryaVaidya Sala at Kottackal had to be follwed in It was minister Mr,lGangadharan who inaugur-this regard. ated the production ofjmedicines. NATICINA,L SHMTNAR CF{ AVL,RVED,{ nT:T}. TJN;Ih{T TtrBBDear Friends, dute to be held in the third week of August ar We are glad to invite you to the Serninar on ihe A & U Tibbie Coliege, Karol Bagh, Newvarious disciplines of A.yurveda and Un;:ni Tibb Jelhi-110005. The exact dates will be commu- "ilrr46 April-May 1985 Vagbhata an lnteriiationa{
    • q &ffiED$trAil PRSBLHIW$ Prof: M. F" Sreedharan Nair, (Retd. Principal, Ayurveda College, Tvm.) Slight ailments are misconstrued as incurable dieases and we unnecessarily worry about ,such discrcjers. Some are so shy that they do not have the courage to disclose the details of their diseases to doctors and get timely relief. You can frankly refer all your medical problems to Vagbhats srio according to priority of receipt of problems, apt rernedies w:uld be published for all such problems. O. SSl, 40 years, Male. ,&,acounfaii:t. srrr.:F:olT,s of ihe dnse=se ii r= lJ = :l !h: Fort, Trivandrum. L u*cg iq iake 3$Iepa:i : -ec : t?: 4.s the,re mlas file lil![!l@fi@wefr]ulfE*:!t ?frqrr :-:+ :i- t?=-i rt ii is two years since rr*y niEf:t fuou inaE smmrped ur" r8ruu 4 aNffili lliirilr; ,i:*; zr :-F::- become swollen. The swelting had sffirHI fiie[m. So I sccjft c"Wer? d:i r:: -":- .:- -: abaut seven years agc. There is interrntnent fim Cune {Sfr dfr0e diligmse, fl irTil re,iffi;"ri lils f,"ftflllirlffii n fever and quivering at night. Wheneverttrere wirh pw adwifue" finrmnrmr $ffiw{sffffi dirffir rrfl*;lllilr is sweelling in the foot the hip also has the ctions Nrroluuuqrmr firmand ffimn mrmmmft$ltffiiu,urmms mrirqdtlwt same symptom. Suspecting filaria I got my be- Ffease adrufu ;mm dffillwllmffitr ffifins mmlfutrmmrns:rmutfi blood examined two or three times . but no the ltagbhara-- r *lli nicated later. We aredappy to inform ygu that crease in the stress and stffiimus. afltll @ltuffi ilinm@ililMtm;mmrmffi a number of reputed academicians, scholars, and life. Humanity has to ,cope ullMr tifllfrl uffhw research workers frorn all over the country and difficulties. The modren rnecrilndmre" wrltdfmr mrillll ililfis the alumini of the College residing in the sub- advances, has failed to provide a deperrutffirurc! continent are expected to participate in the solution to all our health prob&ems- The Avur- Seminar. veda and Unani Tibb which are beseci orl tfue concqpt of body: and soul or psyckae" amd The main purpose of holding the seminar soma with their theories and philosophies is to spread the wisdom and knowledge of tried over a period of hundreds and thousansd Ayurveda and Unani Tibb for the betterment of years, can effectively come forward to offer such the health of the mankind at large. You are a solution and richly contribute in the achiev- alreadp aware of the various problems arising in ement of the goal of health for all by 2000 AD. the f ield of teaching and research in Ayurveda Wlth this spirit we are intending to hold this and Unani Tibbi. Through the deliberations in seminar and hope you will not miss this ttnique this seminar some ways means could be evolved opportunity and take active part in the seminar to sort out these problams. ,.i;:i. {s to rnake it a great success. You are also aware ef the iiet tfrat the world Looking forward to seeing you at the now a days is passing through. a very critical Seminar" state with respect to our healt$. There is ever Sincererly yours, increasing hazards of iatrogenlb diseases and MAKIM. S. ISHTIAO AHMAD atmospheric pollution as well as many fold in- GONVENER 1985 "iournal I of Ayurveda April-May 47
    • A. From the symptome given by you, There is a rich growth of hair on my fore- filaria is suspected. Blood test need not be arms also, compared to normal girls- But alv,,ays correct. Moreover, Filaria bacllli can this ts more or less bearable. What I request be observed on iy in blood taken after the you is to suggest a remedy for the the patient has slept for sorne time at night permanent disappearance of fhe hair on the espe:ially ,orhen there is a slight rise in his face. Comments made by both boys and girls bociy temperature, So scientif ic blood test have become intolerable to me Sometime I alone can reveal filaria bacilli.,. feellike ending my life itsself. Please inform me if there is any remedy for this in Ayutveda To start with, dont use cool drinks, un- boild food stuffs and unboild water, Bathe in water ,that has been cooled after being A. lhave fully grasped your difficulty- boiled. Teke specia I cale not to susta in Though you are indignant against those who rnosquito-bites. While asleep use a mosquito make fun of you in an inhuman manner try net and keep the surroundings, especially to be hold-enough to treat such things light- bath-room and latrin, always clean and never heartedly. allow water to stagnate anywhere there. Many drugs advertised in the papers as Treatment often affect . the skin itself . Some women have hair on the face as an inheritance It Use in the morning and evening a Kasha. yam made from 4 gms of Amrithu, 4 gms of is difficult to remove it by treatment. Ayur- veda has suggested some remedies. such Katukka and 2 grams of sundi Gomuthraharitaki: you can Use one teaspoon ful of this when you go to remedies alone wi ll not do. So bed at nighr. Apply now and then, on the appear in person in th.e off ice of the Vagbhata swollen part the paste obtained when well- with fuller details, get instructions to prepare ground Ant hill is boiled in cows urine. the anti-dote scientifically and use it regularly with hopes of permanent cure. O. G. D. Age 23. F. Student, Kariavattam, Trivandrum Modern medical science has found a Doctor, I am an unmarried student. On remedy for it is plastic surgery Further my fare is hair growing bs on a "mans. davice can be had in person. 4A April-May 1985 Vagbhata an internationalE
    • BOOK REVIEI+ MEDICIruAL L{EffiBS Author trr. S. Nesanpony. Associate Editor. Medicinal Herbs,, writtan by Dr. S. Nesamony, which depends entirell. on herbs is this scarcity jointly brought out by the Language Institute of herbs. This has caused considerable rise in Kerala, the Department of Forest Kerala and the price of Ayurvedic rnedicines. More o;er the Kerala Grandha Sala Sanghom and included many rare plants in our forests in the corner of books on Forestry, is a valuable are eiffrer being destroyed or are disappearing. lf the public book dealing with the ordinary herbs About are totally unawaie of the characteristics of herbs. 2000 herbs have been described in a variety Consumers will have to accept blindly whatever.of bboks in healfh, of all of them the most is given by the herb-vendor" impoitant is the wealth of herbs found in Ayur_ So, whenever it cecomes necessary to ascertain whether veda. There are graphic accounts of the above the things bought are the spices required, all people herbs in Ayurvedic dictionaries. This book should have a smatrering of the herbs describes 150 important herbs now in common in common use. When traders offer sub _ quality drugs, or use, with illustrations, ln these accounts are adulteratdd drugs in order to make hu$e profitsgiven, in alphabetic order, their botanical names, this smattering helps us to examine them.family, synonyms, names in other languages,occurrence of the plants, morphology, chemicalcomponents, chemical properties, medicinal . The present bo,ok which gives useful in_ formation to all-ordinary peopte, vaidyas andproperty, some compounds in which they are stndents of Ayurveda alike,used etc. is worth reading. This publication of the Language lnstitute has thick, well- coloured covers and 612 pages. What has been hard hit as a result of suchprogressive schemes as deforestation, It is priced ar Rs. 35, which is quite justifiable urban considering the valuable nature of the contenis,expaiilion, giftihg of arid land to the landless May, the author produce more books of the kindand rubber production is the scarcity of herbs. in Malayalam.so the greatest challenge to day to Ayvrveda trJournal of Ayurveda April-May 198S 49
    • qrV No. X AYURVEDA HISTORY ie& - .) i 6/ W 1) Sage Bharadwaja is initiating his disciples into the Ayurveda 2) Agnivasa ls:wrlting the[nanrra named aTrer nlm 3) He is aiso teaching his disciples W,/, r ,U//,, W. //L I T,//t .?l ffi G"s tit" JethukrrrnlFBhela are writing Ayuiveda Samhitas each in his own piintirs Trivaodffi Einido-at16viGa name
    • ${{r{l?stiafiG to *utl1{.5tt Caso E:uc*st e r,*r*i*sugtcyryr Pg?* r*lec*tq!tr sc{tdy si s#sd$oin*t F€mmta" &*#-ffiss6sqtu, ?fuwmwtm Fage" , ;,ig6 gh,l;;:f EYffi&Y€C${ffis€&4" StrAELS 8.S 23.6 2 s2 8{.}A:S*fc$PYg*# ffi &S€ E.rgii*l: Hard .: fi! 1?6ffi,tiglf,ffi #:F{ss,*-F.sve-Fs,.fu1ffi ffi., -+.-.--ri{n " I-rv , 86+gffi s@ tha Edltor g *rffi ii ;is**ol:i sffixs""e% Ffofi ffi ffi Fi*ffiW#*ryf#Tffi !H?lgLgg$F"siu* rFrr:cr-l ...j ,",t ;; rnd:oHe,i i*,] i Covsrt$tioast RE. 120$/ tttAl{ Ccvert$E..Baso fts" 2001 FngliEh E tWns ftci!6rsi.:3 :i1,., i. -"#lliffif5; | "----- ---- Re. 100CI/. €S*oprlntsof thsssti€e&wi$! be suplied to I Futt page Re" 800/& w*rsre fyse of coct" i Hatf page Rs. Ss$l- Rs.r$Q$f{nr Alt i;em;$silcstions nnay bo sanr ro t?E i ^O::L:l page {Mininlum}es*e as% -Ei-iilii;niffiS*e.ffigll"igh**di.s 4& r**1 d #geffig#Hg*s ca * -.-dffi, G. noed Trivcndruifr:* T&t;Ye-s.ee:iiFl-" I lss?ntffinffi!ils r,ru*d{ f,ffii;ffiR*eatunru* oF TwE JosrffitrAt I uoruni**;; ;;;-usr be Fesaareh pspers on Ayu*ru*de and other i leesttwo reonthssefors Wubtffiffi6-Ch trnr{iticra*l iv*raeslr-cl-rlandielats,.= -.,---* - - ---J- eoremsv b€ "inlimeisd-gne.snnnth before ,a9,#i$.?*t{f$tqRafi ff S g io?* : R.d s 3 .na ii { 3 1 Rt F-" I i - I. titrIllfll^ ,.ltvl(u55!rulEll J!!l tltlJFl, orllJuru 6 Genorer tooicsor Avuruoda. vFItlrsul,tA#ot*ttHr*&!,$j,ih**bi,d?$l€Ei*ae m - - Articls* em :pccirl t tr&&tffesnt. ryacirl l/lanaging Editor, Vagbhata. The loa for thcJoumsl {Malavalom or English or Frocoss€r and prwantlw modicinc" Fr* Ecnona8 nrsdical consultation. maf be scnt withEank"Drgft or M. O Artielee on Yoga therapy. illanaging Fditor, Vegbhata; the Jor;
    • lr: ii I i 1,., : i .: l:. :r:!.ir:,r, r:a.:;i,::, _,t!]:i i lsj . -?rl!:.,a .:::3.54f9, -,i. -:9.ar,.-. r ;$ei, , . :t :: " :.1 i:. i:,::::::.:r.t:1t;;!;ig3., r . : : jri:; ;,a : . ;.,:i;!:::d* :*j};i${f s S:,gije::}.si. i,,.i, .1ra::,t:ia:: :t; : ;1. l+. ,;.: :: n-, :: . { ;.*.,0d tr,:cilf.13 JS{jAgS. *:- rfi*eu:i;;i:;r: *irtri*i}- : -t. ..:.irUHld,
    • ,.r. No. KL/JV (N/2BO -E+rglish"-rN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL oF AY]JFVEqA Ir AlF^6 TI{ER TRADITIONAL SYSTEMS OF MEDICTNE . APRIL.MAY 1985 PRICE Rs. 8.50 lssuti 4-S Veidyaratnam P..S. V -,r+-*: ai ARYAVAIDY ALA, KOTTAKKA.L. Adapted Scienee of Sageg to Modern Ages . Ayuryodlc system ls Centdes old Propounded by sagcs of years old A divine glftthat wrs not tnorn Kottakksl medeJt welt hnown Kottakkal Arya vaidya sala is a House-Hord Name Because: (i) Its genuirie Ayurvedic Medicines give relief lo Millions suffering from chronic diseases. l (ii) Its Nt{rsing Home is well equipped with Modern amenltres and it undertdkes pgnchakarma treatments, Vasti, Dhara, pizhichal ctc. A house for honrely treatmenls. (iii) It runs a Fese:rch and Development Dopanmsnt for developmcnt ol Ayurrieda. , t (v) tts Herbat Garden maintains a large varities of Ayuruedlc Medicinal Plants (v) It promoles Ayurvedic Education. CONTACT:- ARYf, YAIDYf, SALA, KOTTf,KKf,Ii. Phonc: H O. PMBX - f6 Pin Codc: 676503 4t Bnnches: KOZHIKODE, PALGHAT, TIRAR, ERODE, ERNA.KULAM, TRIVANDRTJM, MADRAS, CANNANORE, CQ I rt BATORE, NEW PELHI-4/. ,,t ic444- EDITED. PRINTED AND PUBLISHE-D BY Prof. M. P. SBEEDHARAN NAIR llolt. cHrEF-EDlroR, VAGBHATA ON EEHALFOF NATIONAL AYURVEDA ACADEMY. TRIVANBF P,#rfr{ Ar:.suN0ARAvEL{pRtNTERs {pr LrB- srv^{rst- =: