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Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of kappat gudda w.s.r to Dravyaguna shastra - Channaveerswamy. B. Inamdar, Department of Dravya Guna, Post Graduate Studies & Research Centre, D.G. …

Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of kappat gudda w.s.r to Dravyaguna shastra - Channaveerswamy. B. Inamdar, Department of Dravya Guna, Post Graduate Studies & Research Centre, D.G. MELMALAGI AYURVEDIC MEDICAL COLLEGE,GADAG

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  • 1. SURVEY OF MEDICINAL PLANTS IN SELECTED PARTS OF KAPPAT GUDDA WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO DRAVYAGUNA SHASTRA. BY Dr. Channaveerswamy.B.Inamdar Dissertation submitted to the Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, Karnataka, Bangalore In partial fulfillment of the degree of Ayurveda Vachaspati M.D. In DRAVYA GUNA Under the Guidance of Dr.G.V.MULAGUND MD (AYU) And Co-guidance of Dr. KUBER SANKH MD (AYU) Department of Dravya Guna Post Graduate Studies & Research Centre, D.G. MELMALAGI AYURVEDIC MEDICAL COLLEGE, GADAG –582103 2004 – 2007
  • 2. Declaration by the candidateI here by declare that this dissertation / thesis entitled “Survey of medicinalplants in selected parts of kappat gudda with special reference toDravyaguna shastra” is a bonafide and genuine research work carried out byme under the guidance of Dr. G.V.Mulagund M D (AYU) professor and H.O.D,Dr. Kuber Sankh M D (AYU) Lecturer in Dravya Guna, DGMAMC, PGS&RC,Gadag.Date: Dr. Channaveerswamy.B.Inamdar.Place: Gadag
  • 3. D.G.M.AYURVEDIC MEDICAL COLLEGE POST GRADUATE STUDIES AND RESEARCH CENTRE GADAG-582103 This is to certify that the dissertation entitled “Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of kappat gudda with special reference to dravyaguna shastra” is a bonafide research work done by Dr. Channaveerswamy.B.Inamdar in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the post graduation degree of “Ayurveda Vachaspati M.D. (Dravya Guna)” Under Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, Bangalore, Karnataka. GuideCo- Guide Dr. G.V. MULAGUNDDr. KUBER SANKH M.D. (Ayu) M.D. (Ayu) Professor & HODLecturer in Dravya Guna Dept. of Dravya Guna DGMAMC, PGS&RC, GADAGDGMAMC, PGS&RC, GADAG Date:Date: Place: GadagPlace: Gadag
  • 4. D.G.M.AYURVEDIC MEDICAL COLLEGE POST GRADUATE STUDIES AND RESEARCH CENTRE GADAG, 582 103 This is to certify that the dissertation entitled “Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of kappat gudda with special reference to dravyaguna shastra” is a bonafide research work done by Dr. Channaveerswamy.B.Inamdar in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the post graduation degree of “Ayurveda Vachaspati M.D. (Dravya Guna)” Under Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, Bangalore, Karnataka.Date: Shri B.I.Biradar. M.Sc. (Botany)Place: Lecturer J.S.V.V’S P.U.Science College Gadag
  • 5. © Copy right Declaration by the candidate I here by declare that the Rajiv Gandhi University of HealthSciences, Karnataka shall have the rights to preserve, use anddisseminate this dissertation/ thesis in print or electronic format for theacademic / research purpose.Date : Dr. Channaveerswamy.B.Inamdar.Place : Gadag © Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, Karnataka
  • 6. J.S.V.V. SAMSTHE’S D.G.M.AYURVEDIC MEDICAL COLLEGE POST GRADUATE STUDIES AND RESEARCH CENTRE GADAG, 582 103 Endorsement by the H.O.D,Principal/head of the institution This is to certify that the dissertation entitled “Survey of medicinal plants inselected parts of kappat gudda with special reference to dravyaguna shastra” is abonafide research work done by Dr. Channaveerswamy.B.Inamdar under theguidance of Dr.G.V.MULAGUND MD (AYU) Professor and H.O.D Dept ofdravyaguna and Dr. KUBER SANKH, MD (AYU) in partial fulfillment of therequirement for the post graduation degree of “Ayurveda Vachaspati M.D. (DravyaGuna)” Under Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, Bangalore, Karnataka.(Dr. G. V. MULAGUND) (Dr. G. B. PATIL) Professor & HOD Principal, Dept. of Dravya Guna DGM Ayurvedic Medical College, PGS&RC. GadagDate: Date:Place: GADAG Place: GADAG
  • 7. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT This is a moment of great pleasure and contentment for me as the last phase incompletion of this research work I am deeply indepted to our beloved Principal Dr.G.B.Patil. For his constantencouragement during the entire phase of the study I take this glorious opportunity to knowledge with deep sense of gratitude to myguide Dr.G.V.Mulagund. Professor, H.O.D.department of post graduate studies researchDravyaguna Shri D.G.M.A.M.C.Gadag. For his valuable guidance and close supervisionthroughout the dissertation work I express my deep sense of gratitude to Dr.Kuber Sankh. Lecturer department ofDravyaguna Shri D.G.M.A.M.C.Gadag. For his constant encouragement throughout thisdissertation work My profound gratitude to my associate guide Shri Biradar M.Sc (Botany) lecturerdepartment of botany J.S.V.V’S P.U Science College Gadag. I also take this opportunity with deep sense of gratitude to Dr.G.S.Hiremath.Professor department of dravyaguna Shri D.G.M.A.M.C.Gadag. I express my heartly gratitude to Dr.S.B.Nidagundi.lecturer department ofdravyaguna Shri D.G.M.A.M.C.Gadag.I am very much thanks full to Dr.Veena kori, lecturer department of dravyaguna ShriD.G.M.A.M.C.Gadag. I am very much thankful to Shri.M.B.mamdapur.H.O.D.department of botanyJ.T.College gadag for his valuable suggestions through out the dissertation work I thank to department of dravyaguna, teaching and non teaching staff for providingthe necessary facilities to carry out this work I wish to add my warmest thanks to my P.G.teachingfaculty,Dr.M.C.Patil,Dr.K.Shivaramprasad,Dr.ShashidharDoddmani,Dr.SantoshBelavadi,Dr.Jagadish.Mitti,DrR.V.Shetter, Dr.Girish Dananappagoudar. My sincere thanks to my colleagues Dr.S.S.sajjanar,Dr.Ashok Bingi,Dr.D.S.kendadamath, Dr.Sharanu Angadi,Dr.Lingareddi Biradar,Dr.VijayHiremath, Acknowledgement - I
  • 8. Dr.Anand Doddmani,Dr.Jagadish Handiganoor, Dr.S.S.Gangur, Dr.V.M.kataraki,Dr.Ashwini vastrad, Dr.Shivalilakudari, Dr.ShaliniSharma, Dr.Shivakumar. Somlapur,Dr.Savita Bhat, Dr.JayaMalgoudar,Dr.KalavatiPethlur, Dr.Mukta Arali My sincere thanks and great fullness to Shri kenchappanavar R.F.O. Mundargi.andalso the forester S.K.Pawar, Shri Balaji forest guard, Shri Basavaraj narayanpur forestwatchmen for their timely help made me to complete this dissertation work successfully. I sincerely thank Shri V.M.Mundinamani librarian for their timely help during mystudy. I am thank full to my friendsDr.V.B.Gindimath,Dr.B.I.Makandar,Dr.V.V.Joshi,Dr.Sanjeevreddi,Dr.C.C.Domadiya,Dr.KaushikDahima,Dr.Sharat meti, Dr.SwapniJagtap,Dr.MangeshThamke,Dr.SushantJadhav,Dr.Gangadhar Aralelimath, PrashantB.K,SantoshMeti,Amithdas,Dr.Geeta,Dr.Vidya,Dr.Vaishali Dr.Vibhavari, Dr.Priyanka,Dr.Pallavi for their kind co-operation and encouragement during the course of this study. I express my deepest gratitude to my grand father Shri Shivmurthy Swamy Ex.M.P.And my parents Shri Bhujanga Swamy, Smt.Vimala and my sister Madhuri NageshMurthy. Who have inspired me to continue my P.G. study with their constant moralsupport. Finally my sincere thanks to who are nearer and dearer to me for theirencouragement and help during the course of this study. Dr.C.B. Inamdar Acknowledgement - II
  • 9. ABSTRACT Kappat gudda is a tropical zone, where large amount of medicinal plants areavailable. It is one of the hilly areas situated in the Gadag district of Karnataka state. The range of kappat gudda starts from Binkadakatti of Gadag district extends toshingtaloor (south of mundargi taluk) and almost touches Tungabhadra River.The kelur beat is a part of kappat gudda situated in mundargi taluk of a Gadag district.Here is an attempt to explore the treasure of knowledge of ayurvedic science where thesurvey of medicinal plants in selected hilly parts of kappat gudda and its medicinal usesare considered.OBJECTIVES- 1. Survey of the medicinal plants available in the selected hilly parts of kappat gudda and identify them botanically and also by the information available in dravya guna. 2. Documenting the information about the uses of the available plants based on Nighantus as well as classical references. 3. Collecting the information related to vernacular names and distribution of plants. 4. Specimens available in kappat gudda will be maintained in the herbarium of post graduate Dept of dravya guna of D.G.M.Ayurvedic Medical College and Research centre Gadag-03. Review of Literature a) Latin name, Family, Kula and Gana b) Vernacular names and synonyms according to different Nighantus c) Botanical Description and Habitat d) Useful Part according to different authors e) Properties according to different Nighantus f) Action and Uses according to different Nighantus g) Methods of Purification h) Contraindications i) Vishishta Yogas Abstract- III
  • 10. MethodologySelection of selected part of the kappat gudda in view of rich floral growth. The present survey was conducted at kelur beat. This is a part of kappatgudda situated in the mundargi taluka of gadag district. This kelur beat begins fromkelur village to Mallappana Maddi temple to the extent of 2-4 Kms not the whole ofkappat gudda hill range.Photographs of each medicinal plant (i.e. Whole plant, flower, fruit etc separately) alsobe taken.Each plant has been studied systematically in a following manner.1. Identification-Through herbariums (Collected plant specimens from natural habitat)2. Nomenclature – Naming the plants on the basis of Latin name, Sanskrit name andthrough different vernacular names.3. Classification-By referring Benthum and Hooker classification for identification offamily.4. Botanical description-By referring Flora of Karnataka, Bombay ,A Text book ofsystemic botany by prof R.N.Sutaria,Indian medicinal plants by kirtikar basu thehabitate,botanical description of the plants are given.Study duration –one yearDiscussionMost of the plants grown in this Kelur beat area are belongs to the family’s likecaesalpinaceae, apocyanaceae, mimosoideae, moraceae .etcMost of the plants grown in this area are having madhura,tikta,katu,kashaya rasaspredominantly, but surprisingly ushna and sheeta virya drugs are distributed grosslyequally in this area .Conclusion • The same plant is known by different names in different regions and this causes much confusion in the correct identification of the plants. • So an attempt was made on the investigation of the selection of the correct plants relating to the Ayurvedic drugs in the selected parts of kappat gudda in view of rich floral growth. Abstract- IV
  • 11. Abstract- V
  • 12. CONTENTS Page No.1) Introduction 1-32) Objectives 43) Review of Literature a) Latin name, Family, Kula and Gana 5-15 b) Vernacular names and synonyms according to different Nighantus 16-88 c) Botanical Description and Habitat 89-109 d) Useful Part according to different authors 110-116 e) Properties according to different Nighantus 117-141 f) Action and Uses according to different Nighantus 142-214 g) Methods of Purification 215 h) Contraindications 216 i) Vishishta Yogas 217-2274) Methodology 228-2305) Discussion 231-2336) Conclusion 234-2367) Summary 237-2398) References 240-242 Contents- V
  • 13. ABBREVIATIONSA.H. Asthanga Hridhaya.A.S. Asthanga SamgrahaB.P. BhavaprakashB.P. N. Bhavaprakash NighantuB.R. Bhaishajya RatnavaliB.S. Bhela SamhitaC.Chi. Charaka Samhita Chikitsa sthanaC.D. ChakradattaC.S. Charaka SamhitaD.N. Dhanvantari NighantuD.G. Dravya Guna by P.V.SharmaG.N. Gada nigrahaI.M.M Indian Materia MedicaI.M.P. Indian Medicinal Plants.K.N. Kaiyadev NighantuM.N. Madanapala Nighantu..N.A. Nighantu Adarsha.R.N. Raja NighantuR.T. Rasa taranginiS.G. Sharangadhara SamhitaS.S. Sushruta SamhitaY.R. Yoga Ratnakara Abbreviations- VI
  • 14. LIST OF TABLESSl. LIST OF TABLES Page. NoNo1 Showing Name of the drug, Latin name, Family/ Kula and Gana 5-152 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Amlika 163 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Ankola 174 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Aparajita 185 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Aragvadha 196 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Aristhaka 207 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Arjuna 218 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Atibala 229 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Avartaki 2310 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Avartani 2411 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Ashwatha 2512 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Badara 2613 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Bruhati 2714 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Bilva 2815 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Bhumyamalaki 2916 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Bimbi 3017 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Chakramarda 3118 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Chandan 3219 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Chirabilva 3320 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Dhava 3421 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Dhanvana 3522 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Dugdhika 3623 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Dronapushpi 3724 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Dhatura 3825 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Gambhari 3926 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Gojihva 4027 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Gokshura 4128 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Guduchi 4229 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Haritaki 4330 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Ishwari 4431 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Ingudi 4532 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Jambu 4633 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Karamarda 4734 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Karavellaka 4835 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Karanja 4936 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Kapitha 5037 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Karira 5138 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Kanchanar 5239 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Kadhira 5340 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Kasamarda 5441 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Kataka 55 List of Tables - VII
  • 15. 42 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Krishnasariva 5643 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Kutaja 5744 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Indrayava 5845 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Lajjalu 5946 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Latakaranja 6047 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Madhuka 6148 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Mamsarohini 6249 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Meshashringi 6350 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Nadihingu 6451 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Nilini 6552 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Nimba 6653 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Palasha 6754 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Parisha 6855 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Patalagarudi 6956 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Plaksha 7057 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Prishnaparni 7158 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Punarnava 7259 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Raktagunja 7360 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Raktakaraveera 7461 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Sariva 7562 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Satala 7663 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Shaka 7764 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Sharapunkha 7865 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Shirisha 7966 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Shleshmantaka 8067 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Shatavari 8168 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Shwetashigru 8269 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Tarakari 8370 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Tinduka 8471 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Udumbara 8572 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Vanapalandu 8673 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Vasa 8774 Showing Vernacular names and synonyms of Vata 8875 Showing Useful parts of the drugs according to different authors 110-11676 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Amlika 11777 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Ankola 11778 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Aparajita 11879 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Aragvadha 11880 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Arjuna 11881 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Arishtaka 11982 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Atibala 11983 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Avartaki 11984 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Avartani 12085 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Ashwatha 12086 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Badara 12087 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Bruhati 121 List of Tables - VIII
  • 16. 88 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Bilva 12189 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Bhumyamalaki 12190 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Bimbi 12291 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Chakramarda 12292 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Chandana 12293 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Chirabilva 12394 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Dhava 12395 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Dhatura 12396 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Dhanvana 12497 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Dhugdika 12498 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Dronapushpi 12499 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Gambhari 125100 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Guduchi 125101 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Gojihva 125102 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Gokshura 126103 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Haritaki 126104 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Ishwari 126105 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Ingudi 127106 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Jambu 127107 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Karanja 127108 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Kasamarda 128109 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Kapitha 128110 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Kanchanar 128111 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Karavellaka 129112 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Karira 129113 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Kutaja 129114 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Indrayava 130115 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Karamardra 130116 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Kataka 130117 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Krishnasariva 131118 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Kadhira 131119 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Lajjalu 131120 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Latakaranja 132121 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Mamsarohini 132122 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Madhuka 132123 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Meshashringi 133124 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Nimba 133125 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Nilini 133126 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Nadihingu 134127 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Palasha 134128 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Patalgarudi 134129 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Plaksha 135130 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Parisha 135131 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Prishnaparni 135132 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Punarnava 136133 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Raktagunja 136 List of Tables - IX
  • 17. 134 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Raktakaraveera 136135 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Satala 137136 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Shirisha 137137 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Sharapunkha 137138 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Shwetashigru 138139 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Shaka 138140 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Shatavari 138141 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Shleshmantaka 139142 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Sariva 139143 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Tarakari 139144 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Tinduka 140145 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Udumbara 140146 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Vanapalandu 140147 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Vasa 141148 Showing Properties according to different Nighantus of Vata 141149 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Amlika 142150 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Ankola 143151 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Aparajita 144152 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Aragvadha 145153 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Arishtaka 146154 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Arjuna 147155 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Atibala 148156 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Ashwatha 149157 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Avartaki 150158 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Avartani 151159 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Badara 152160 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Bruhati 153161 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Bilva 154162 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Bimbi 155163 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of 156 Bhumyamalaki164 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Chandana 157165 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Chakramarda 158166 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Chirabilva 159167 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Dhava 160168 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Dhanvana 161169 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Dhatura 162170 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Dronapushpi 163171 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Dugdika 164172 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Gambhari 165173 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Gokshura 166174 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Gojihwa 167175 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Guduchi 168176 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Haritaki 169177 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Ishwari 170178 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Ingudi 171 List of Tables - X
  • 18. 179 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Jambu 172180 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Karamarda 173181 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Karavellaka 174182 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Karira 175183 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Karanja 176184 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Kasamarda 177185 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Kapitha 178186 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Kanchanar 179187 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Kataka 180188 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Kutaja 181189 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Indrayava 182190 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Krishnasariva 183191 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Lajjalu 184192 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Latakaranja 185193 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Madhuka 186194 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Mamsarohini 187195 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of meshashringi 188196 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Nilini 189197 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Nimba 190198 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Nadihingu 191199 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Palasha 192200 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Parisha 193201 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Plaksha 194202 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Patalgarudi 195203 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Prushnaparni 196204 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Punarnava 197205 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of 198 Raktakaravira206 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Raktagunja 199207 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Kadhira 200208 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Sariva 201209 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Satala 202210 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Sharapunka 203211 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Shwetashigru 204212 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Shakha 205213 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Shatavari 206214 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Shirisha 207215 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Shlesmantaka 208216 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Tarakari 209217 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Tinduka 210218 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Udumbara 211219 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Vanapalandu 212220 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Vasa 213221 Showing Action and Uses according to different Nighantus of Vata 214222 Showing Vishishta Yogas of Amlika 217223 Showing Vishishta Yogas of Ankola 217 List of Tables - XI
  • 19. 224 Showing Vishishta Yogas of Aragvadha 217225 Showing Vishishta Yogas of Arjuna 217226 Showing Vishishta Yogas of Ashwatha 217227 Showing Vishishta Yogas of Atibala 218228 Showing Vishishta Yogas of Bruhati 218229 Showing Vishishta Yogas of Bilva 218230 Showing Vishishta Yogas of Bimbi 218231 Showing Vishishta Yogas of Chakramarda 219232 Showing Vishishta Yogas of Chandana 219233 Showing Vishishta Yogas of Dhava 219234 Showing Vishishta Yogas of Dhanvana 219235 Showing Vishishta Yogas of Dhatura 219236 Showing Vishishta Yogas of Gambhari 220237 Showing Vishishta Yogas of Gokshura 220238 Showing Vishishta Yogas of Guduchi 220239 Showing Vishishta Yogas of Haritaki 221240 Showing Vishishta Yogas of Ingudi 221241 Showing Vishishta Yogas of Ishwari 221242 Showing Vishishta Yogas of Jambu 221243 Showing Vishishta Yogas of Kapitha 221244 Showing Vishishta Yogas of Karanja 222245 Showing Vishishta Yogas of Kanchanar 222246 Showing Vishishta Yogas of Kataka 222247 Showing Vishishta Yogas of Kutaja 222248 Showing Vishishta Yogas of Nadihingu 223249 Showing Vishishta Yogas of Nilini 223250 Showing Vishishta Yogas of Nimba 223251 Showing Vishishta Yogas of Palasha 223252 Showing Vishishta Yogas of Parisha 223253 Showing Vishishta Yogas of Plaksha 224254 Showing Vishishta Yogas of Prishnaparni 224255 Showing Vishishta Yogas of Punarnava 224256 Showing Vishishta Yogas of Raktagunja 224257 Showing Vishishta Yogas of Raktakaravira 225258 Showing Vishishta Yogas of Sariva 225259 Showing Vishishta Yogas of Shakha 225260 Showing Vishishta Yogas of Shatavari 225261 Showing Vishishta Yogas of Shirisha 226262 Showing Vishishta Yogas of Shwetashigru 226263 Showing Vishishta Yogas of Tarakari 226264 Showing Vishishta Yogas of Udumbara 226265 Showing Vishishta Yogas of Vasa 227266 Showing Vishishta Yogas of Vata 227267 Showing Availability of plants in the selected part of Kappatta Gudda 232-233 List of Tables - XII
  • 20. List of mapsSl.no List of maps1 Mundargi taluk village map2 Mundargi beat map3 Kelur village map List of Maps- XIII
  • 21. List of photographsSl.no List of photographs1 View of selected part of kappat gudda2 Images of plants Tamarindus indicus, Alangium lamarkii, Clitoria ternatea, Cassia fistula.3 Images of plants Sapindus laurifolious, Terminalia arjuna, Abutilon indicum, Cassia auriculata.4 Images of plants Helicteres isora, Ficus religiosa, Ziziphus jujuba, Solanum indicum.5 Images of plants Aegle marmel os, Phyllanthes urinaria, Coccinia indica, Cassia tora.6 Images of plants Santalum album, Holoptelia integrifolia, Grewia tilifolia, Anogeisus latifolia.7 Images of plants Dhatura metel, Euphorbia thymifolia, Leucas cephalotus.8 Images of plants Gmelina arborea, Elephantopus scaber, Tribulus terrestris, Tinospora card folia.9 Images of plants Terminalia chebula, Aristolochia indica, Balanitis aegyptica, Syzigium cumini.10 Images of plants Carissa carandus, Momordica charantia, Pongamia pinnata.11 Images of plants Cassia occidentalis, Feronia elephantum, Bouhinia variegate, Capparis decidua.12 Images of plants Strychnos potatorum, Ichnocarpus frutescence, Holarrhena antidysentrica.13 Images of plants Mimosa pudica, Caesalpinia crista, Soymida febrífuga.14 Images of plants Bassia latifolia, Gymnema sylvestrae, Indigofera tinctoria.15 Images of plants Azadirachta indica, Gardenia lucida, Uraria picta, Thespesia populnea.16 Images of plants Butea monosperma, Cocculus hirsutus, Boerhavia diffusa.17 Images of plants Ficus lacor, Nerium odorum, Abrus precatorius.18 Images of plants Acacia catechu, Hemidesmus indicus, Acacia concinna.19 Images of plants Tephrosia purpurea, Moringa oleifera, Tectona grandis.20 Images of plants Asparagus racemosus, Albezia lebbeck, Cordia oblique.21 Images of plants Clerodendron phlomidis, Disporus embryopteres, Ficus glomerata.22 Images of plants Adhatoda vasica, Urgenia indica, Ficus bengalensis. List of Photographs-XIV
  • 22. Introduction INTRODUCTION Ayurveda Ancient science of life is believed to be prevalent for last 5000years in India. It is one of the most noted systems of Medicine in the world. Ayurveda is a treasure of traditional rich herbal medicine based on experienceover many centuries. Indians had an incredible knowledge of phytomedicine. Theherbal drug plays a key role in the treatment aspects and it is essential to know themorphology and properties of herbs. So which is enable one to identify and procuregenuine drug material. At no time in the history of Mankind, progress has been so rapid and asmeaningful as that achieved in last two decades in our understanding of drugs ofnatural origin. The human being appears to be afflicted with more diseases than any otheranimal species. In the past, almost all the medicines used were from plants, the plantbeing man’s only chemist for ages. Human passion on herbal medicine dated back to times immemorial. As weall aware, the survival of Animal kingdom is dependent of the plant kingdom. Theplants/herbs have played major part in the treatment aspects .During the Vedic periodin India Vedic literature indicates mainly about the utility of single herbs in themanagement of common diseases. Similar trend is visible during the samhita periodas well. Plants forms a major source of drugs and it is necessary to have a fairly fullknowledge regarding the position of the plant wealth. India is a vast country withhuge tropical variation. The character of the plant vary according to the region andclimate due to this the morphology of plant can differ which brings out controversy toidentification of plants. Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 1
  • 23. IntroductionThe importance of herbs especially medicinal plants is identified in the modern timesby many scholars and scientists. It will be surprising for many to notice that numberof scientific studies conducted on medicinal plants/herbs by scientists of otherfaculties like botanist, chemists, pharmacologists and modern doctors is 80-90%compared to 10-20% contribution by I.S.M Doctors. Preliminary analysis of medicinal plants distribution shows that most of themedicinal plants are distributed across diverse habitats and landscape elementsaround 70% of India’s medicinal plants are found in the in the tropical Zone. Theproportion of medicinal plants recorded in the dry and moist deciduous tropicalforests is higher as compare to those recorded in the tropical evergreen forests. Karnataka state, part of the union of India, was formed oh 1st November 1956to fulfill the aspiration of the kannada-speaking people. Are as from severalcontiguous administrative units were pooled together to form a territory of 1,92,204square kilometers situated between 110,400 and 180,270 north latitude and 740,51 and780,331 east longitude in the centre of western peninsular India. Kappat gudda is a dry and moist deciduous hill station, where large amount ofmedicinal plants are available. It is one of the hilly areas situated in the Gadag districtof Karnataka state. The range of kappat gudda starts from Binkadakatti of Gadag district extendsto shingtaloor (south of mundargi taluk) and almost touches Tungabhadra River. The hills comprising of kappat gudda almost all are of same height. The hillsare situated about ‘1:2500’ height above sea level. In general the hills are covered bythick forest. Consisting of mainly shrubs and trees. During rainy seasons because ofthe development and full growth of plants and trees the entire area appears as a greenbelt. To highlight the scene of greenery there is a popular saying in this part of theregion as instead of seeing seventy hills, the viewing of kappatgiri is more pleasantand beautiful. Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 2
  • 24. IntroductionThe climate of the district is semi – arid .The maximum temperature here is about 42oCelsius and night temperature can be low as14o Celsius during January. The generalterrain of the district is typical of the Deccan plateau.The kappat hills range has a tremendous potential to harness wind to generate energy.The kappat hills is ranked third in the potential site for harnessing wind energy in theKarnataka state after Baba Budan hills in chikkamagalur district and jogimatti hills inchitradurga district of Karnataka state . The present survey was conducted at kelur beat which is a part of kappatgudda situated in mundargi taluk of a Gadag district. As per information available in that area many number of vaidyas aredepending upon this hilly area for medicinal plants. Though kappat gudda are situated in plain valley. The hills are found full ofinnumerabler medicinal plants and serves as treasury for the natives. Literallyspeaking the conglomeration of kappat-gudda serves as gift of nature. Some of commercial plants naturally grown in this area are Aristhaka(Sapindus laurifolious), satala (acacia concinna), Tinduka (Diosporus embryopteres),shweta chandana (Santalum album), Nadi hingu (Gardenia lucida). Geologically the soil of this area is rich in minerals like manganese, Iron,Copper and also gold. Here is an attempt to explore the treasure of knowledge of ayurvedic sciencewhere the survey of medicinal plants in selected hilly parts of kappat gudda and itsmedicinal uses are considered. Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 3
  • 25. objectives OBJECTIVESSurvey of the medicinal plants available in the selected hilly parts of Kappatgudda and identify them botanically and also by the information available inDravya guna.Documenting the information about the uses of the available plants basedon Nighantus as well as classical references.Collecting the information related to vernacular names and distribution ofplants.Specimens available in Kappat gudda will be maintained in the herbariumof post graduate Dept. of Dravya guna of D.G.M.Ayurvedic MedicalCollege and Research centre Gadag-03. Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 4
  • 26. Review of literature Table No.1 LATIN NAME, FAMILY, KULA AND GANA GanaSl Name of the Latin name Family/ Kula Drug Charaka Susruta Vagbhata1 Amlika Tamarindus Caesalpinaceae//puti karanja - Phalavarga - indica2 Ankola Alangium Alangiaceae/Ankol Phalavarga - Phalavarga lamarkii3 Aparajita Clitoria ternatea Papilionaceae/Aparajita Shirovirechanopaga Shirovirechaka4 Aragvadha Cassia fistula Caesalpinaceae /puti karanja Kusthaghn,Kandughna Aragvadhadi,Shyamadi Aragvadhadi Virechana,Tiktaskandha Lakshadi, Shyamadi sleshmasamshamana Kaphaghna. Adobhagahrar.5 Arjuna Terminalia Combertaceae/Haritaki Kashayaskandha, Nyagrodhadi Virtarvadi arjuna Udardaprashamana Salasaradi Nyagrodhadi Asanadi Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 5
  • 27. Review of literature6 Aristaka Sapindus Sapindaceae/Aristaka - - - laurifolious7 Atibala Abutilon Malvaceae/Karpas Balya,Brumhaneeya, Vatasamshamana - indicum Madhurskandha. Madhur skandha.8 Avartaki Cassia auriculata Caesalpinaceae/puti karanja - - -9 Avartani Helicteres isora Sterculiaceae/pisach karpas10 Ashwath Ficus religiosa Moraceae/Vata Mutrasangrananeeya Nyagrodhadi Nyagrodhadi kashaya skandha11 Badar Zizyphus jujuba Rhamnaceae/Badara Hridya,Swedopaga Vatasamshamana, Nyagrodhadi Virechanaopaga, Nyagrodhadi Chardinigrahana13 Bilva Aegle marmelos Rutaceae/Jambira Arshoghna, Varunadi, Varunadi, Asthapanopaga Ambasthadi, Ambasthadi Anuvasanaopaga, Bruhat panchamool Svayathuhara Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 6
  • 28. Review of literature14 Bhumyamalaki Phyllanthus Euphorbiaceae/Eranda Kasahara, - - urinaria Shwasahara15 Bimbi Coccinia indica Cucurbitaceae/Koshataka - - -16 Chakramarda Cassia tora Caesalpinaceae/puti karanja - Urdhwabhaghar, - Shakahavarga17 Chandan Santalum album Santalaceae/Chandan Dahaprashamana, Salasardi,Patoladi, Asanadi, Angamarda prashamana Sarvadi,Priyangvadi, Patoladi,Sarivadi Trishna nigrahana, Guduchyadi, Priyangvadi, Varnya,kandughna, Pitta samshamana Guduchyadi Vishaghna,Tiktaskandha18 Chirabilava Holoptelia Urticaceae/Chirabilva Lekhaniya, Sleshmasamshamana - integrifolia Bhedhaniya Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 7
  • 29. Review of literature19 Dhava Anogeissus Combertaceae/Haritaki - Salasaradi,Mushkakadi Mushkakadi, latifolia Asanadi20 Dhanvana Grewia tilifolia Tiliaceae/Parushaka Amlaskandha,Asarayoni Phalavarga -21 Dhatura Dhatura metal Solanaceae/Kantakari - - -22 Dugdhika Euphorbia Euphoobiaceae/Eranda, - - - thymifolia23 Dronapushpi Leucas Labiatae/Tulsi - - - cephalotus24 Gambhari Gmelina arborea Verbenaceae/Nirgundi Dahaprashamana Birhat panchamool, Sarivadi Svayathuhara Sarivadi Virechanopaga25 Guduchi Tinospora Menispermaceae/Guduchi Vayasthapan, Guduchyadi Guduchyadi cardifolia Dahaprashamana Patoladi Patoladi Trishnanigrahana Vallipanchamoola Aragvadhadi Truptighna Kakolyadi Stanyashodhana Aragvadhadi Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 8
  • 30. Review of literature26 Gojihwa Elephatopus Compositae/Bhrungraj - Shakhavarga scaber27 Gokshura Tribulas terristris Zygophyllaceae/Gokshura Shothahara Vidharigandhadhi, Vidharighandhad ,Mutravirechaniya Viratarvadhi hi Krimigna Laghupanchamula28 Haritaki Terminalia Combertaceae/Haritaki Arshaghna,Kusthaghna, Mustadi, Parushakadi chebula Kasahara,Jwarahar, Triphala, Prajasthapan, Amalakyadi, Virechanopaga Parushakadi29 Ishwari Aristolochia Aristolochiaceae/Ishwari - - - indica30 Ingudi Balanites Simarubaceae/Ingudi Phala varga Kapha samshamana - roxburhii Shrivirechana31 Jambu Syzigium cumini Myrtacea/Lavanga Mutra samgraneeya Nyagrodhedi Nyagrodhedi Purishavirajaneeya Chardhinigrahana Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 9
  • 31. Review of literature32 Karanja Pongamia Leguminosae/Shimbi Kandughna Shirovirechana Aragvadhadi pinnata Katokaskandha Aragvadhadi,Varunadi, Varunadi Arkadi,Syamadi Arkadi Kaphasamshamana, Syamadi33 Kasamarda Cassia Caesalpiniaceae/puti karanja - Surasaradi Surasadi occidentalis34 Kapitha Feronia Rutacea/Jambira Phala varga Amla varga - elephantum Phala varga35 Kanchanar Bauhinia Caesalpinaceae/puti karanja Vamanopaga Urdnwabhaghara - variegate Kashaya varga36 Karavellaka Momordica Cucurbitaceae/Koshataki Tiktaskandddha Aragvadhadi Aragvadhadi charantia37 Karira Capparis decidua Capparidaceae/ Varuna Phala varga Tikta skandha -38 Khadira Acacia catechu Mimosoideae/ Babbula Kusthaghna Salasaradi Asanadi Udardaprashamana Kashayaskanda39 Karamarda Carissa carandus Apocyanaceae/kutaja Hridya Kantak panchamool Hridya Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 10
  • 32. Review of literature40 Kataka Strychnos Loganiaceae/Karaskara Vishagna Parushakadi Parushakadi potatorum41 Krishnasariva Ichnocarpus Apocynaceae/Kutaja - Vidharighanadhi - fruitscens42 Kutaja Holarrhena Apocynaceae/Kutaja Arshoghna,Kandughna, Aragvadhdhi,Pippalyadhi Aragvadhadhi, antidysentrica Sthanyashodhana, Haridradhi,Lakshadi Pippalyadhi Astapanopaga43 Lajjalu Mimosa pudica Mimosoidae/Babbula Sandhaniya, Priyangvadhi,Ambastadhi Priyangvadhi Purishasangrahaniya44 Latakaranja Caesalpinia Caesalpinaceae/puti karanja - - - bonduc45 Mamsarohini Soymida Meliaceae/Nimba Balya Nyagrodhadi Balya, febrifuga Nyagrodhadi46 Madhuka Bassia latifolia Sapotaceae Purisha viranjaneeya Sarivadi Vidangadi47 Meshashringi Gymnema Asclepiadaceae/Arka - - sylvestre Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 11
  • 33. Review of literature48 Nimba Azadirachta Meliaceae/Nimba Kandughna, Aragvadhdi,Guduchyadi Aragvadhadi indica Tikta skaskandha Lakshadi Guduchyadi Lakshadi49 Neelini Indigofera Leguminosae/Shimbi Virechana Adhobhaghara - tinctoria50 Nadihingu Gardenia lucida Rubiaceae/Manjistha - - Navan51 Palasha Butea Leguminosae/Shimbi - Rodhradi Rodhradi monosperma Muskakadi Muskakadi Ambasttadi Ambasthadi Nyagrodhadi Nyagrodhadi52 Patalgarudi Cocculus Menispermaceae/Guduchi - - - hirsutus53 Plaksha Ficus lacor Moraceae/Vata Mutra sangrahaneeya Nyagrodhadi Nyagrodhadi54 Parisha Thespesia Malvaceae/Karpas Mutrasangrahaneeya Nyadrodhadi - populnea Kashayaskandha Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 12
  • 34. Review of literature55 Prishnaparni Uraria picta Legunimosae/Shimbi Angamarda prashamana Vidarigandhadi Haridradi Sothahara Haridradi Sandhaniya Laghupanchamoola Madhurskandha56 punarnava Boerhavia Nyctaginaceae/Punarnava Vayasthapana, Vidarigandhadi - diffusa Kasahara Anuvasanopaga, Swedopaga57 Rakta gunja Abrus Legunimosae/Shimbi - Mulavisha - precatorius58 Rakta karavira Nerium odorum Apocyanaceae/Kutaja Tiktaskandha Lakshadi Lakshadi Kusthaghna Shirovirechana59 Satala Acacia concinna Mimosaceae/Babbula - Shyamadi - Adhobhaghara Ubhayatobhaghara Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 13
  • 35. Review of literature60 Shirisha Albezia leebeck Mimosoideae/ Babbula Vishaghna, Salasaradi Asanadi Vedanasthapana Sirovirechana Kashayaskandha61 Sharapunkha Tephrosia Leguminosae/Shimbi - - - purpurea62 Shweta shigru Moringa oleifera Moringaceae/shobhanjan Krimihara Varunadi Varunadi Svedopaga Sirovirechana Shirovirechanopaga Katukaskandha63 Shakha Tectona gradis Verbenaceae/Nirgundi - Salasardi - Parushakadi64 Shatavari Asparagus Liliaceae/Rasona Balya,Vayasthapan Kandavarga Vidarigandhadi racemosus Madhurskandha Vidarigandhadi Kantakapanchamoola Pittasamshamana65 Sleshmantaka Cordia myxa Boraginaceae/Sleshmantaka Vishaghna Phalavarga - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 14
  • 36. Review of literature66 Sariva Hemidesmus Asclepiadaceae/Arka Jvarahar Sarivadi Vidarigandhadi Sarivadi indicus Dahaprashamana Vallipanchamool Purishasangrahaneeya Stanyashodana Madhurskandha67 Tarkari Clerodendron Verbenaceae/Nirgundi Anuvasanopaga, Varunadi,Veeratarvadi, phlomidis Svayathuhara Brihat panchamool Sheeta prashamana Vatasamshamana68 Tinduka Diospyros Ebenaceae/Tinduka Udardaprashamana Nyagrodhadi - embryopters Kashayaskandha Salasaradi Phalavarga69 Udumbar Ficus racemosa Moraceae/Vata Mutrasangrahaneeya Nyagrodhadi Nyagrodhadi Kashayaskandha70 Vasa Adhatoda vasica Acanthaceae/Vasa Tiktaskandha Kshar vruksha gana Nyagrodhadi71 Vanapalandu Urginea indica Liliaceae/Rasona - - Durvadigana72 Vata Ficus Moraceae/vata Mutrasangrahaneeya Nyagrodhadi - bengalensis Kashayaskandha Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 15
  • 37. Review of Literature Table No. 2 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name: - Amlika Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BP.N Language Name NoEnglish Tamarind Tree 1 Amlika + + + + +Hindi Imli 2 Chukrika + + - + +Marathi Amli 3 Amli - - + - +Gujarati Ambli 4 Chukra + - + + +Tamil Amilam 5 Donta Satha - - - - +Telugu Amlika 6 Amla - - + + +Kannada Hunase 7 Chinchika + - - - + 8 Chincha + + + + + 9 Tintidika + - - - + 10 Tintidi - + - + + 11 Shakha Chukrika - - + - - 12 Sutintidi + - + - - 13 Sthambanika - - - + - 14 Tintini - - - + - 15 Shukta + - - + - 16 Chanda - - - + - 17 Shukta Chandrika - + - - - 18 Samla + - - - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 16
  • 38. Review of Literature Table No. 3 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name:-Ankola Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BP.NLanguage Name No Sage-leaved 1 Ankotan + - - - +English AlangiumHindi Ankola 2 Ankolakan + + - + -Marathi Ankol 3 Rechi + - + + -Gujarati Ankoli 4 Dirghkilaka + + - + +Tamil Angolam 5 Peetasara + + + + -Telugu Ankolamu 6 Tamraphala + + + + -Kannada Ankola 7 Gandhapushpa + - + + - 8 Nikochaka + + + - + 9 Ankola + + + + + 10 Guptasneha - + + + - 11 Virechi - + - - - 12 Bhushita - + - + - 13 Kothara - - + - - 14 Gudha putra - - + - - 15 Madana - - + - - 16 Gudhamallika - - + - - 17 Peeta - - + - - 18 Dirghakala - - +- - - 19 Gunadhyaka - - + - - 20 Kola - - + - - 21 Kolambakarna - - + - - 22 Rochana - - + - - 23 Vignantailagarbha - - - + - 24 Irkila - - - + - 25 Hundika - - - + - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 17
  • 39. Review of Literature Table No. 4 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONMS Drug Name:-Aparajita Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BP.NLanguage Name No Winged-leaved 1 Asvaksura + - + + -English clitoriaHindi Kajina 2 Shwetapushpi + - - + -Marathi Gokaran 3 Shweta + - + - -Gujarati Koyala 4 Girikarnika + - + - -Tamil Kakanam 5 Katabhi + - + - -Telugu Nallavusintige 6 Svetanama + - - - -Kannada Girikarniballi 7 Svetaspanda + - + + - 8 Aparajita + - + + + 9 Aspota - - - - + 10 Neelapushpi + - + + - 11 Mahasveta + - - - - 12 Girikarni + - - - + 13 Gavadani + - + + - 14 Valli + - - + - 15 Atyugra gandha + - - - - 16 Dadhi pushpika - - + - - 17 Gardhabhi - - + - - 18 Seeta pushpi - - + - - 19 Bhadra - - + - - 20 Supushpi - - + - - 21 Vishahantri - - - + - 22 Vishnukranta - - - - + 23 Nilaspanda + - - - - 24 Mahaneela - - + - - 25 Neelagiri karnika - - + - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 18
  • 40. Review of Literature Table No. 5 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name: - Aragvadha Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BP.N Language Name NoEngilish Pudding pipe 1 Aragvadha + + + + +Hindi Amaltas 2 Amaltas - + + - +Marathi Bawa 3 Rajavruksha + + - + +Gujarati Garamala 4 Shampak - - - + +Tamil Appai 5 Chaturangul + + + + +Telugu Aragvadhamu 6 Aravata + - + + +Kannada Kakke kayi 7 Vyadhighat - + + + + 8 Krutamal - + - + + 9 Suvarnaka - - - - + 10 Karnikar + + + + + 11 Dirgha phala + + + + + 12 Swaranga - - - - + 13 Swarna phala - - - - + 14 Manthan - - + - - 15 Rechana - - + - - 16 Nrupadruma - + + - - 17 Hemapushpa - - + - - 18 Rajataru - - + - - 19 Kandughna - - + - - 20 Jwarantaka - - + - - 21 Aruja - - + - - 22 Swarna puspa - - + - - 23 Swara druma - - + + - 24 Karni + - - - - 25 Parni - - - + - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 19
  • 41. Review of Literature Table No. 6 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name:-Aristhaka Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BP.NLanguage Name NoEnglish Soap nut tree 1 Aristhaka - + - + +Hindi Ritha 2 Garbhapati - + - + +Marathi Rita 3 Kumbhavirya - + - - -Gujarati Aritha 4 Phenila - + + + +Tamil Puvadi 5 Krishnabeeja - + - - -Telugu Phenilamu 6 Raktabeeja - + - + +Kannada Antavala 7 Peetaphena - + - + + 8 Artha sadhan - + - + + 9 Ritha karnja - - + - - 10 Ritha - - + - - 11 Guchala - - + - - 12 Guchapushpaka - - + - - 13 Aristha - - + - - 14 Mangalya - - + - + 15 Kumbhabesaka - - + + - 16 Prakirya - - + - - 17 Somavalka - - + - - 18 Rakshabeeja - - - + - 19 Krishnavarra - - - - + Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 20
  • 42. Review of Literature Table No. 7 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMSDrug Name: - Arjuna Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BP.N Language Name NoEngilish White murdah 1 Kakubha + + + + +Hindi Arjuna 2 Arjuna + + + + +Gujarati Arjun sadada 3 Gandivi - - + - +Marathi Arjuna 4 Partha + - + + +Tamil Marudu 5 Dhananjaya + - + - +Telugu Maddi 6 Nadisarja - - + + +Kannada Bili matti 7 Indradru - - - - + 8 Veera - - - - + 9 Dharala + - - - + 10 Vajrantaka + - + - - 11 Kiriti + - + - - 12 Phalguni - - + + - 13 Veeravruksha - - - - + 14 Chitrayodhi + - + - - 15 Shambar - - + - - 16 Dhanvi - - + - - 17 Madhugandhi - - - + - 18 Veeradru - - + - - 19 Kountheya - - + - - 20 Savyasachi - - + - - 21 Majju - + - - - 22 Pandava + - - - - 23 Krisnasarathi - - + - - 24 Kuraviraka - - + - - 25 Shatadruma - + - - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 21
  • 43. Review of Literature Table No. 8 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name: - Atibala Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BP.N Language Name NoEngilish Country 1 Atibala + + + + + MallowHindi Kandhi 2 Rushyaprokta + - - + +Marathi Kansuli 3 Kantatika + - - + +Tamil Adaribeda 4 Balika + - + - -Telugu Nallatutti 5 Balya - - + - -Kannada Hettutti 6 Vikantaka - - + - - 7 Vatya Pashpika - - + - - 8 Ghanta - - + - - 9 Sheeta - - + - - 10 Sheeta Pushpa - - + - - 11 Bhuri Bala + - + - - Vrushya 12 + - + - - gandhika 13 Bharavaji - + - - - 14 Balaka - + - - - Vrushya 15 - + - - - Gandhini 16 Saha - + - - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 22
  • 44. Review of Literature Table No. 9 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name:-Avarthaki Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BPNLanguage Name NoEnglish Tanner’s cassia 1 Avartaki + - + + -Hindi Tarval 2 Bindukini + - - + -Marathi Taravada 3 Vibhandi + - + + -Gujarati Aval 4 Pitakilaka + - - + -Tamil Avaram 5 Charmarnga + - + + -Telugu Tangedu 6 Pitapuspa + - - - -Kannada Honnambarike 7 Mahajalini + - - + - 8 Tindkini - - + - - 9 Vishanika - - + - - 10 Ranglate - - + - - 11 Manogna - - + - - 12 Raktapushpi - - + - - 13 Mahadadijali - - + - - 14 Peetakila - - + - - 15 Vamavarta - - + - - 16 Raktaphali - - - + - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 23
  • 45. Review of Literature Table No. 10 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name:-Avartani Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BP.NLanguage Name NoEnglish Indian screw tree 1 Avartani - - - - +Hindi Moraphali 2 Avartamala - - - - +Marathi Muradsing 3 Devi - + - - -Gujarati Murdsing 4 Madhu rasa - + - - -Tamil Valampuri 5 Devashreni - + - - -Telugu Sadala 6 Madhusrava - + - - -Kannada Muragi gida 7 Snigdha parni - + - - - 8 Prithak parni - + - - - 9 Morati - + - - - 10 Piluparnika - + - - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 24
  • 46. Review of Literature Table No. 11 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name:-Ashwtha Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BP.N Language Name NoEnglish Pipal tree 1 Pippalah + + + + +Hindi Pipal 2 Keshavavasah + - - + -Marathi Pimpala 3 Chalapatrah + - + - +Gujarati Jari 4 Pavitrakah + - + - -Tamil Asuttam 5 Mangalyah + + + + -Telugu Ashvatthamu 6 Shyamalah + + + + -Kannada Arali 7 Ashwatha + + + + + 8 Bodhivruksha + - + - - 9 Gajasahah + - - + + 10 Kshiravruksha - + - - - 11 Gajasahah - + - - - 12 Harivasa - + - - - 13 Chaldala - + - + - 14 Bodhipadapa - + - - - 15 Achyuta vasa - - + - - 16 Shubhadha - - + - - 17 Yagnika - - + - - 18 Gajabhakshaka - - + - - 19 Shriman - - + - - 20 Kshiradruma - - + - - 21 Vipra - - + - - 22 Guhya - - + - - 23 Sevya - - + - - 24 Satya - - + - - 25 Shuchidruma - - + - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 25
  • 47. Review of Literature Table No. 12 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name:-Badara Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BPNLanguage Name NoEnglish Indian jujube 1 Kola + - - - +Hindi Ber 2 Badara + - + + +Marathi Baher 3 Kolakam + - - - -Gujarati Bora 4 Souvira + - + - -Tamil Koli 5 Phenila + - + - -Telugu Badaram 6 Kuham + - - - -Kannada Bore 7 Karkandhuka + - + - - 8 Gudaphala + - + - - 9 Balestham + - + - - 10 Phala saisivah + - + - - 11 Ghouta - - - + - 12 Ghunta - - - + - 13 Gopaghunta - - - + - 14 Badari - + + + - 15 Markati - - - + - 16 Ghuta - - - + - 17 Rasthravudhikari - - - + - 18 Koli - - + + - 19 Gokanti - - - + - 20 Yugmakantika - + - + - 21 Snigdhachadha - - - + - 22 Koshaphala - - - + - 23 Drudhabeeja - - + - - 24 Vruttaphala - - + - - 25 Kantaki - - + - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 26
  • 48. Review of Literature Table No. 13 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name:-Bruhati Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BP.NLanguage Name No Indian night- 1 Vartaki + - + + +English shadeHindi Barhanta 2 Kshudrabhantaki - - - - +Marathi Dorli 3 Mahati + + - + +Gujarati Motringini 4 Bruhati + + + + +Tamil Kandal 5 Kuli + - - + +Telugu Adaviyuchimta 6 Hinguli - - - - +Kannada Gulla 7 Rasthrika + - + + + 8 Simhi - + - + + 9 Mahosthri - - - - + 10 Dusparshini - - - - + 11 Mahatikranta - - + - - 12 Simhakakuli - - + - - 13 Sthalakanta - - + - - 14 Bhantaki - - + + - 15 Mahotika + - + - - 16 Bahupatri - - + + - 17 Kantakatanu - - + - - 18 Kantalu - - + - - 19 Kataphala - - + - - 20 Dorli - - + - - 21 Vruntaki - + + - - 22 Sthulakanta - - - + - 23 Mahosusthrika - - - + - 24 Kantaki - + - + - 25 Vishada + + - + - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 27
  • 49. Review of Literature Table No. 14 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMSDrug Name: - Bilva Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BP.NLanguage Name NoEnglish Indian quince 1 Bilva + + + + +Hindi Bel 2 Shandilya + + + + +Marathi Bel 3 Shailusha + + + + +Gujarati Bilivaphal 4 Malur - + - + +Tamil Alurigam 5 Shriphala + - + + +Telugu Bilvamu 6 Shalya - - + - -Kannada Bilpatre 7 Hrudgandha + - + + - 8 Shalatu + + + - - 9 Karkatahva - - + - - 10 Shaivapatra - - + - - 11 Shrivestha - - + - - 12 Patrashrestha - - + - - 13 Gandhapatra - - + - - 14 Tripatra - - + - - 15 Lakshmipatra - - + - - 16 Gandhaphala - - + + - 17 Trishikha - - + - - 18 Shivadruma - - + - - 19 Sadaphala - + + + - 20 Sudhutika - - + - - 21 Samirasara - - + - - 22 Gandhagarbha + + - + - 23 Mahaphala - - - + - 24 Kantaki - + - + - 25 Lakshmiphala + + - - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 28
  • 50. Review of Literature Table No. 15 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name:-Bhumyamalaki Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BP.NLanguage Name NoEnglish - 1 Tamalai + - - + +Hindi Bhuinanvalah 2 Ajata + - - - +Marathi Bhuiavali 3 Tali + - + + -Gujarati Bhonyaanmani 4 Tamal + - - - -Tamil Kilanelli 5 Tamalini + - + + -Telugu Nelausirika 6 Vitunnabhuta + - - - -Kannada Kirinelligida 7 Tamakam + - - - - 8 Bhudhatri + - + - + 9 Bhvamalaki + + - - - 10 Bahuparti - + + - - 11 Amruta - + - - - 12 Amalaki - + - - - 13 Shila - + - + + 14 Bhumyamalaki - + + + + 15 Tamali - - + - - 16 uchata - - + + - 17 Drudhapadi - - + - - 18 Vitunna - - + + - 19 Vitunnika - - + - - 20 Charuta - - + - - 21 Vrushya - - + - - 22 Vishaghni - - + - - 23 Bahuvirya - - + + - 24 Ahibhayada - - + - + 25 Vishwaparni - - + - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 29
  • 51. Review of Literature Table 16 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name:-Bimbi Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BP.NLanguage Name NoEnglish Ivy gourd 1 Rakta phala + + - + +Hindi Kundaru 2 Ushna phala - - - + -Marathi Tondali 3 Vidrumapaki - - - + -Gujarati Galludda 4 Dantachada - - - + -Tamil Kovai 5 Tundikeri - - - + +Telugu Bimbika 6 Tundi + + - + -Kannada Tondeballi 7 Golha + + - + - 8 Tundiki + - - + - 9 Tundi keriphala + - - + - 10 Vidruma phala - - - + - 11 Piluparni + - - + + 12 Bimbi + + + - + 13 Bimbika - - - - + 14 Osthopama phala + - - - + 15 Danta chad pama - + - - - 16 Tikta tundi - - + - - 17 Tikta - - + - - 18 Katuka - - + - - 19 Katutundika - - + - - 20 Katu tundi - - + - - 21 Tiktabimbi phala - - - + - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 30
  • 52. Review of Literature Table 17 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name: - Chakramarda Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BP.N Language Name NoEngilish Fetid cassia 1 Chakramarda + + + +Hindi Chakavat 2 Prapunnata + - + + +Marathi Takala 3 Chakragaja - - + - -Gujarati Kawario 4 Dadrughna - - + + +Tamil Tagarise 5 Neshalochana - - - - +Telugu Senavu 6 Padmata - - - - +Kannada Tagache 7 Edagaja + - + - + 8 Chakri - - + - + 9 Punnata - - + - + 10 Andagaja - - + - - 11 Gajakhya - - + - - 12 Meshannvane - - + - - 13 Punnada - - + - - 14 Vimardaka - - + - - 15 Tarvata - - + - - 16 Chakranha + - + - - 17 Shukranashana - - + - - 18 Drudha beeja - - + - - 19 Kshodhaka - - - + - 20 Arvataka - - - + - 21 Chakrika + - - + - 22 Pamada - - - + - 23 Mesha kusuma + - - + - 24 Kharjughna - - + - - 25 Chakravaha + - - - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 31
  • 53. Review of Literature Table 18 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name: - Chandan Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BP.N Language Name NoEngilish White Sandal 1 Shrikhand - - + - + woodHindi Chandan 2 Chandan + + + - +Marathi Chandan 3 Bhadrashri - - - + +Gujarati Sukhada 4 Taila parnika + - - - +Tamil Padiram 5 Gandha sara + + + + +Telugu Chandanamu 6 Malayaja - - + + +Kannada Gandhada mara 7 Tail parna - + - - - 8 Sveta chandan + + + - - 9 Malayajam + + - - - 10 Goshirsha - + + - - 11 Tila Parna - - + + - 12 Mangalya - - + - - 13 Malyodbhava - - + - - 14 Gandharaj - - + - - 15 Sugandha - - + - - 16 Sarpavas - - + - - 17 Sheetal - - + - - 18 Gandhadya - - + - - 19 Bhogi vallabha - - + - - 20 Sheeta gandha - - + - - 21 Pavan - - + - - 22 Hima - - - + - 23 Malaya - - - + - 24 Bhadrashriya + + + - - 25 Sheeta gandha - - + - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 32
  • 54. Review of Literature Table 19 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name:-Chirabilva Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BP.NLanguage Name NoEnglish Indian elm 1 Ghritaparna karanja + - - - -Hindi Karanji 2 Prakirya + - - - -Marathi Papara 3 Gowra + - - - -Gujarati Kanjho 4 Chirabilva + - - - -Tamil Aya 5 Udakirya - - - - +Telugu Nemali 6 Shadgrantha - - - - +Kannada Tapasi 7 Hastivaruni - - - - + 8 Markati - - - - + 9 Vayasi - - - - + 10 Karanji - - - - + 11 Kerabhanjika - - - - + Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 33
  • 55. Review of Literature Table 20 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name:-Dhava Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BP.NLanguage Name NoEnglish Button tree 1 Dhava + + + + +Hindi Bakla 2 Nanditaru + + - + +Marathi Dhavada 3 Gouri + - + + +Gujarati Kabria 4 Shakatiksha + + - + -Tamil Namai 5 Dhurandhuri + + - + +Telugu Sirimanu 6 Dhrud taru - - + - -Kannada Dindala 7 Kashayaka - - + - - 8 Madhur twacha - - + - - 9 Shuklavrusha - - + - - 10 Pandutaru - - + - - 11 Dhavala - - + - - 12 Pandura - - + - - 13 Bharodvaha - - - + - 14 Kashaya - - - + - madhura 15 Twakka - - - + - 16 Sthira - - - + + 17 Ghata - - - - + Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 34
  • 56. Review of Literature Table 21 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name:-Dhanvana Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BP.NLanguage Name NoEnglish - 1 Dhanvaha + + + - -Hindi Dhamani 2 Gotravitapi + + - - -Marathi Daman 3 Dharmana + + - + -Gujarati Dalmon 4 Gotrapushpaka + + - + -Tamil Tada 5 Raktakusuma - - + - -Telugu Jaha 6 Dhanv vruksha - - + + +Kannada Tadasali 7 Mahabal - - + - - 8 Rujapana - - + - - 9 Pichilaka - - + - - 10 Ruksha - - + - - 11 Swaduphala - - + - - 12 Dhanvanga - - + - + 13 Gotravruksha - - - - + 14 Sutejana - - - + + 15 Gotradruma - - - + - 16 Rujahara - - - + - 17 Saravruksha - - - + - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 35
  • 57. Review of Literature Table 22 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name:-Dugdhika Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BP.NLanguage Name NoEnglish - 1 Dugdhika - - - + +Hindi Chotidudhi 2 Swaduparni - - - - +Marathi Ghakdiduli 3 Kshira - - - - +Gujarati Nahanidu dhali 4 Vikshirini - - - - +Tamil Chinamampatehaiausi 5 Rajkshava - - - + -Telugu Bidurunanabiyan 6 Dugdhinika - - - + -Kannada Kari hali 7 Swadupushpika - - - + - 8 Kshiravi - - - + - 9 Kshirika - - - + - 10 Sheeta - - - + - 11 Sitambu - - - + - 12 Madhuparnika - - - + - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 36
  • 58. Review of Literature Table 23 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name:-Dronapushpi Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BP.NLanguage Name NoEnglish - 1 Drona - - - + +Hindi Goma 2 Dronapushpi - - + + +Marathi Kumbha 3 Phale pushpa - - - - +Gujarati Kubi 4 Kumbha yoni - - + + -Tamil Tumbay – keere 5 Chatrakutumbaka - - - + -Telugu Peddatumni 6 Koundinya - - - + -Kannada Tumbe 7 Mahadrona - - - + - 8 Dronatumbaka - - - + - 9 Vrushakar - - - + - 10 Shwasanaka - - - + - 11 Shwasan - - - + - 12 Kusumbhaka - - - + - 13 Dirghapatra - - + - - 14 Kutumbika - - + - - 15 Chitrakshupa - - + - - 16 Kutumbika - - + - - 17 Chitrakshupa - - + - - 18 Kutumba - - + - - 19 Supushpa - - + - - 20 Chitrapatrika - - + - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 37
  • 59. Review of Literature Table 24 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name:-Dhatura Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BP.NLanguage Name NoEnglish Downy datura 1 Dhatura + + + + +Hindi Sada dhatura 2 Kanaka + - - - -Marathi Dhatura 3 Dhurtah + + + + +Gujarati Dhatura 4 Devata + + - + +Tamil Madulam 5 Kitavah + + + + +Telugu Tellavummetta 6 Sathah + + + + -Kannada Madugunike 7 Unmattaka + + + + + 8 Madanaka + - - - - 9 Kali + - - - - 10 Haravallabha + - - - - 11 Matala - + - - - 12 Turi - + - + + 13 Taraka - + - - - 14 Kanakanvaya - + + + + 15 Matulaka - - + + + 16 Shyama - - + - - 17 Madana - + + + + 18 Shivashekhara - - + - - 19 Khala - - + - - 20 Kantaka phala - - + - - 21 Mohana - - + - - 22 Shaiva - - + - - 23 Tarala - - - + - 24 Mahamohi - - - - + 25 Shivapriva - - - - + Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 38
  • 60. Review of Literature Table 25 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name: - Gambhari Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BP.N Language Name NoEnglish Cashmere tree 1 Gambhari + - - - +Hindi Gambar 2 Kasmari + + + + +Gujarati Savan 3 Krishnavrunta - - + - -Marathi Shiwan 4 Hira + + + + +Tamil Arisa 5 Bhadra - - + - -Telugu Gumudu 6 Sarvato bhaddrika + - + - -Kannada Shivani 7 Shriparhi + + + + + 8 Sindhuparni - - + - - 9 Subhadra - - + - - Gambhari 10 - - + + - Kadphala 11 Bhadra parni - - + + + 12 Kumuda - - + - - 13 Gopabhadra - - + - - 14 Mahabhadra - - + - - 15 Suphala - - + + - 16 Kasmarya + - - - - 17 Kasmaryan + + - + + 18 Madhuparni + - - - - 19 Sarvato Bhadra - + - + - 20 Madhuparnika - - - + + 21 Peetarohini - - - - + 22 Madhurasa - - - - + 23 Bhadraparnika - + - - - 24 Mahakumuda - - + - - 25 Rohini - - + - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 39
  • 61. Review of Literature Table 26 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name: - Gojihwa Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BP.N Language Name NoEngilish Prickly-Leaved 1 Gojihwa - + + + + Elephants tootHindi Gobhi 2 Kharapatri - - + - -Marathi Pathari 3 Pratana - - + - -Gujarati Bhapathari 4 Darwika - + + - +Tamil Anashovadi 5 Adho mukha - - + - -Telugu Eddumalikechettu 6 Ghenujihwa - - + - -Kannada Ettina nalige 7 Adha pushpi - - + - - 8 Khara parnini - - - - + 9 Gojika - + - - + 10 Gobhi - + - + + 11 Goli - - - + - 12 Godhumika - - - + - 13 Darvi patri - - - + - 14 Darvika - - - + - 15 Kostha Shulika - - - + - 16 Bhumi Kalika - - - + - 17 Swara parnini - + - - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 40
  • 62. Review of Literature Table 27 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name:-Gokshura Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BP.NLanguage Name NoEnglish Calthrops 1 Gokshura + + - + +Hindi Chhota gokhru 2 Gokshurakah + - + - +Marathi Ghokaru 3 Bhakshaka + - - - -Gujarati Beta gokhru 4 Swadu kantaka + + + + +Tamil Nerunji 5 Gokantaka + + + + +Telugu Chirupalleru 6 Bhakshatakah + + + - -Kannada Neggilu 7 Kantatrika + - - - - 8 Trikantaka - + + + + 9 Kanta phala - + + + - 10 Vyala damsthraka - + - + - 11 shwadamsthra - + - + + 12 Sthula shrungata - + - - - 13 Kshuraka - + - - + 14 Trika - + - + - 15 Kshudra gokshura - - + - - 16 Kanta shadanga - - + - - 17 Bahu kantaka - - + - - 18 Kshura - - + + - 19 palangaksha - - + - + 20 Kshudra kshura - - + - - 21 Chanadruma - - + - - 22 Sthala shrungataka - - + + - 23 Vanashrungataka - - + - + 24 Ikshu gandha - - + - + 25 Trikanta - - - + + Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 41
  • 63. Review of Literature Table 28 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name:-Guduchi Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BP.N Language Name NoEnglish Tinospora 1 Guduchi + + + + +Hindi Giloe 2 Amrita valli + + + - +Marathi Gulvel 3 Chinnha + + + + +Gujarati Galo 4 Chinnaruha + - + + +Tamil Amridavalli 5 Amrita + + + + +Telugu Tippatige 6 Chinnodbhava + + + + +Kannada Amrita balli 7 Amrita lata + - + + - 8 Dhara + - - + + 9 Vatsadani + + + + + 10 Soma valli + - - - + 11 Kundali + + + + + 12 Chakra laxana + - - + + 13 Nag kumari + - + - - 14 Chinnagi + - - - - 15 Jwara nashani + + - - - 16 Jivani + - - - - 17 Madhu parni + - + + + 18 Tantrica + - - - + 19 Deva nirmita + - - - + 20 Vayastha + + - + + 21 Mandali + - - - + 22 Soumya + - - - + 23 Vishalya + - + - + 24 Rasayani + - + - + 25 Chandrahasa + + --- + + Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 42
  • 64. Review of Literature Table 29 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name: - Haritaki Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BP.N Language Name NoEngilish Chebulic 1 Haritaki + + + + + MyrobalanHindi Har 2 Abhaya + + + + +Marathi Hirda 3 Pathya + + + + +Gujarati Hirdo Kayastha - + + + +Tamil Amagola 5 Putana + + + - +Telugu Karakkaya 6 Amruta + + + - +Kannada Alale 7 Haimvati + + + + + 8 Avyatha + - + - + 9 Chetaki + + - - + 10 Shreyasi - + + + + 11 Shiva + - + + + 12 Vayastha - + - - + 13 Vijaya + + + + + 14 Jivanti - - + - + 15 Rohini + + + - + 16 Jaya + + + - - 17 Prapathya + + + + - 18 Jivapriya - - + - - 19 Bhishagvara - - + - - 20 Pranada + + + + - 21 Jivaya - - + - - 22 Nandini + + - - - 23 Amogha - + - - - 24 Devi - - + - - 25 Divya - - + - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 43
  • 65. Review of Literature Table 30 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name:-Isvari Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BP.NLanguage Name NoEnglish Indian birthwort 1 Nakuli - - - - +Hindi Isharmul 2 Isvari - - - - +Marathi Sapasan 3 Arka mula - - - - +Gujarati Ruhimula 4Tamil Isuramuli 5Telugu Eswaramulli 6Kannada Isvari beru 7 Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 44
  • 66. Review of Literature Table 31 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name: - Ingudi Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BP.N Language Name NoEnglish - 1 Iuguda - + - + +Hindi Hingen 2 Augaravriksha - - - + +Marathi Hingan 3 Tiktaka - - - + +Gujarati Hinger 4 Tapasadruma - + + + +Tamil Najundan 5 Iugudi - - + - -Telugu Gara 6 Hingupatra - - + - -Kannada Ingalare 7 Vishakanta - - + - - 8 Anilantaka - - + - - 9 Goura - - + - - 10 Supatra - - + - - 11 Shulari - - + - - 12 Tikshnakanta - - + - - 13 Tailaphala - - + - - 14 Putigandha - - + - - 15 Vigandhaka - - + - - 16 Krosthaphala - - + - - 17 Bhallaka - + - + - 18 Tikta majja - - - + - 19 Putikarnika - - - + - 20 Kantakirna - - - + - 21 Binduka - - - + - 22 Vyavaharika - - - + - 23 Kantakivriksha - - - + - 24 Kantaka - - - + - 25 Vrukshakantaka - + - - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 45
  • 67. Review of Literature Table 32 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name:-Jambu Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BP.NLanguage Name NoEnglish Black plum 1 Phalendra - - - - +Hindi Jamun 2 Nandi - - - - +Marathi Jambul 3 Raj jambu + + + + +Gujarati Jambu 4 Maha phala + - - - +Tamil Naval 5 Surabhi patra + - - - +Telugu Neredu 6 Maha jambu + + + + +Kannada Nerele 7 Swarna mata - - + - - 8 Shuka priya - - + - - 9 Kokilestha - - + - - 10 Maha nila - - + - - 11 Brihat phala - + + + - 12 Maha rasa - - - + - 13 Mahaskandha + + - + - 14 Shyama patra - - - + - 15 Kumarika - - - + - 16 Gandha patra - - - + - 17 Jambu + - - + - 18 Nilanjanachada - - - + - 19 Suphala - - - + - 20 Supratisthita - - - + - 21 Mahaskandha - + - - - 22 Vira patra - + - - - 23 Kama vallabha - + - - - 24 Nadeyi - + - - - 25 Surabhi + - - - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 46
  • 68. Review of Literature Table 33 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name:-Karamarda Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BP.NLanguage Name NoEnglish - 1 Karamarda + - + + +Hindi Karonda 2 Sushena + + + + +Marathi Karanda 3 Krishnapakaphala + - + + +Gujarati Karamanda 4 Karamla + - + - -Tamil Kalakkay 5 Karamardaka + - + + -Telugu Kalibe 6 Avigha + - + - -Kannada Dodda Kavali 7 Panimarda + - + - - 8 Vanrkshudra - - - + - 9 Kshiraphana - - - + - 10 Samlapushpa - - - + - 11 Kramardi - + - - - 12 Krishnaphala - + - - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 47
  • 69. Review of Literature Table 34 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name:-karavellaka Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BP.NLanguage Name NoEnglish Carilla fruit 1 Karavella - + - + +Hindi Karela 2 Katilya - + - + +Marathi Karale 3 Ugra kanda - + + + -Gujarati Karela 4 Sukandaka - + + + -Tamil Pakal 5 Karavalli - + + - +Telugu Kakara 6 Vari balli - + - - -Kannada Hagala Kayi 7 Brihad valli - + - - - 8 Kandira - - + + - 9 Kanda katuka - - + + - 10 Nasha samvedana - - + - - 11 Patu - - + - - 12 Toya valli - - - + - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 48
  • 70. Review of Literature Table 35 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name:-Karanja Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BP.N Language Name NoEngilish Indian Beech 1 Karanja + + + + +Hindi Kanja 2 Naktamala + + + + +Marathi Karanja 3 Naktahura - + - + -Gujarati Karanja 4 Gucchapushpa - - - + -Tamil Agirunandam 5 Suigdhapatra - - - + -Telugu Kagu 6 Prakirya + - - + -Kannada Honge 7 Puspamanjari - - - + - 8 Udakirya - - - + + 9 Putikarna - - - + - 10 Prakirna - + - + - 11 Matrunandana - - - + - 12 Puti karanja - - - + - 13 Putika + + + + - 14 Kaidarya - - - + - 15 Chairabilvakan + + + - - 16 Gaurah + - - - - 17 Gruthavarhaka - + - - - 18 Puti varna - + - - - 19 Puti parni - - + - - 20 Vridha phala - - + - - 21 Rochana - - + - - 22 Prakiryaka - - + - - 23 Dhratapura - - - + - 24 Somavalka - - - - + Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 49
  • 71. Review of Literature Table 36 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name: - Kapitha Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BP.N Language Name NoEngilish Elephant apple 1 Kapitha + + + + +Hindi Kait 2 Dadhitha + - - + +Marathi Kouth 3 Pushpaphala - - - - +Gujarati Kotha 4 Kapipriya + - - + +Tamil Kabittam 5 Dadhiphala + + + + +Telugu Kapithamu 6 Danta shatha - - + - +Kannada Belavala 7 Malur - - + - - 8 Mangalya - - + - - 9 Nilamallika - - + - - 10 Dadhi - - + - - 11 Grahi phala - - + + - 12 Chirapaki + - + + - 13 Kathinaphala + - + - - 14 Granthiphala - - + - - 15 Kucha phala - - + - - 16 Gandha phala + - + - - 17 Kapistha - - + - - 18 Vrutta phala - - + - - Karandha 19 - - + - - phala 20 Takracchida - - - + - 21 Surabhichadha - + - + - 22 Akshisasya + - - + - 23 Grahi + - - + - 24 Hridya - - - + - Kashamla 25 - - - + - phala Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 50
  • 72. Review of Literature Table 37 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMSDrug Name: - Karira Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BP.N Language Name NoEnglish Caper berry 1 Karira + + + + +Hindi Ker 2 Krakari Patra - - - - +Marathi Karil 3 Granthila + + - + +Gujarati Kera 4 Maru Bhuruha - - - - +Tamil Sengum 5 Nishpatraka - - + - -Telugu Karirarnv 6 Karira Granthila - - + - -Kannada Chippuri 7 Krukara - - + - - 8 Gudha patra + + + - - 9 Karaka - - + - - Tikshna 10 + - + + - Kantaka 11 Kariraka - + - - - 12 Krakacha + + - - - 13 Mrudu Phala + - - + - 14 Tikshna Sara + - - + - 15 Hutashana - - - + - 16 Shakha pushpa + - - + - 17 Supnala - - - + - 18 Katu Tiktaka - - - + - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 51
  • 73. Review of Literature Table 38 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name:-kanchnar Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BP.NLanguage Name NoEnglish - 1 Kanchanar - + + + +Hindi Kachnar 2 Kanchanaka - + + + +Marathi Kanchan 3 Gandari - - - - +Gujarati Champakati 4 Shana pushpaka - - - - +Telugu Bodanta 5 Koliyasha - - - + -Tamil Mandarai 6 Bhramarestha - - - + -Kannada Kempu mandara 7 Manohara - - - + - 8 Pakari - + - - - 9 Rakta pushpaka - + - - - 10 Kovidara + - + - - 11 Kuddal + - + - - 12 Kanakaraka - - + - - 13 Kanta pushpa - - + - - 14 Karaka - - + - - 15 Kantara - - + - - 16 Yamalachadha - - + - - 17 Yugma patra - - + - - 18 Maha pushpa - - + - - 19 Kumbhara + - - - - 20 Kundali + - - - - 21 Kuli + - - - - 22 Tamra pushpa + - - - - 23 Chamarika + - - - - 24 Maha yamala + - - - - patraka Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 52
  • 74. Review of Literature Table 39 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name:-khadira Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BP.NLanguage Name NoEnglish Catechu 1 Khadira + + + + +Hindi Khair 2 Rakta sar + + + + +Marathi Lalkhair 3 Gayatri + + + + +Gujarati Kher 4 Danta dhavana + - + - +Tamil Kadiram 5 Kantaki + - - - +Telugu Khadiramu 6 Bala patra + + + + +Kannada Kempu khairapajali 7 Jihwa shalya + - + - - 8 Ksata kshaya + - - + - 9 Bahu shalya - - + + + 10 Yagniya - - + - + 11 Geeta - - - + - 12 Kusthaghna - - - + - 13 Susara -- - + - - 14 Tamrakantaka - - + - - 15 Kustha todana - - + - - 16 Nyupadruma - - + - - 17 Akoru - - + - - 18 Shalyaka - - - + - 19 Gourata - - - + - 20 Kandar - - - + - 21 Saraka - - - + - 22 Kustha kantaka - - - + - 23 Mahasara - - - + - 24 Medhya - - - + - 25 Vakra kanta - - - + - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 53
  • 75. Review of Literature Table 40 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name:-Kasamarda Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BP.NLanguage Name NoEnglish Fetid cassia, 1 Kasamarda + + + + +Hindi Chakunda 2 Arimarda + + + - +Marathi Kasoda 3 Kasari + + + - +Gujarati Kasodari 4 Karkasha + + - + +Tamil Peyavirai 5 Kalakataka - + - - +Telugu Kasinda 6 Kasaghna - + - - -Kannada Dodda tagase 7 Kasamardaka - - + - + 8 Kala - - + - - 9 Kanaka - - + - - 10 Jaavana - - - + - 11 Ajagara - - - + - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 54
  • 76. Review of Literature Table 41 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMSDrug Name: - Kataka Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BP.N Language Name NoEngilish Clearing nut tree 1 Nirmali - - + - +Hindi Nirmali 2 Pavapasadi - - - - +Marathi Chilhara 3 Katakam + + + - +Gujarati Nirmali 4 Ambu prasad + - + - -Tamil Akkolam 5 Katam + - + + -Telugu Andugu 6 Tiktaphala - - + - -Kannada Chilla 7 Ruchya - - + - - 8 Chedhaniya + - + - - 9 Gudphal - - + - - 10 Katakaphala + - + - - 11 Tikta maicha - - + - - 12 Katphala - - - + - 13 Kacchya - - - + - 14 Slakshna + - - + - 15 Vari prasadan - - - + - Toya prasadan 16 - - + - phala 17 Chakhsushya - - + - 18 Lekhnatmak - - + - 19 Netravikarjit + - - - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 55
  • 77. Review of Literature Table 42 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name:-Krishna sariva Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BP.NLanguage Name NoEnglish Black creeper 1 Krishna mooli + + + + -Hindi Kali dudhi 2 Krishna + - + + -Marathi Krishna sarinda 3 Chandan sariva + - + - -Gujarati - 4 Bhadra + + + + -Tamil Udargodi 5 Chandan gopa + + + - -Telugu Karampala 6 chandana + + + + -Kannada Kari hambu 7 Krishna valli + + + + - 8 Sariva + + + + + 9 Bhadrachandan sariva - + - - - 10 Krishna sariva - + + + + 11 Kalanusari - - - + - 12 Kalindi - - - + - 13 Chandan mulika - - - + - 14 Shyama - - - - + 15 Gopi - - - - + 16 Gopa vadhu - - - - + Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 56
  • 78. Review of Literature Table 43 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name:-kutaja Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BP.NLanguage Name NoEnglish Kurchi 1 Kutaja + + + + +Hindi Kora 2 Kautajah + - + - -Marathi Kuda 3 Kautah + - - - +Gujarati Kado 4 Vatsakah + + + + +Tamil Kudasam 5 Giri mallika + + + + +Telugu Kutajamu 6 Kalinga + + + + +Kannada Kodasige 7 Mallika pushpa + + + + + 8 Indra vruksha + - - - - 9 Vrukshaka + - - + + 10 Kutaja kotivrukshaka - + - - - 11 Shaka bhuruha - + - - - 12 Shakra - - + - - 13 Pravrushya - - + - - 14 Shakra padapa - - + - - 15 Varatikta - - + + - 16 Yavaphala - - + - + 17 Samgrahi - - + - - 18 Panduradruma - - + - + 19 Pravrushenya - - + - - 20 Maha gandha - - + - - 21 Utsaka - - - + - 22 Shweta kutaja - - - + - 23 Vamsha kutaji - - - + - 24 Kutaji - - - + - 25 Indra - - - - + Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 57
  • 79. Review of Literature Table 44 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name:-Indrayava Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BP.NLanguage Name NoEnglish Indras seeds 1 Indrayava + + + + +Hindi Indrajab 2 Sakrahavah + + + - -Marathi - 3 Kalingaka + + - + +Gujarati - 4 Vrukshaka beejani + - - - -Tamil Kuluppalai-virai 5 Bhadrayava + + + + +Telugu - 6 Endrayava - + - - -Kannada Kodasige Beeja 7 Endra phala - + - - - 8 Koutaja - + - + - 9 Purunuta - + - - - 10 Shakra beeja - - + - - 11 Vatsa ka - - + - - 12 Vatsaka beeja - - + - - 13 Bhadraja - - + - - 14 Kutaja phala - - + - - 15 Vijantara - - + - - 16 Kutaja - - + - - 17 Kalinga beeja - - + - - 18 Niryava - - - + - 19 Indraka - - - + - 20 Kutaja beeja - - - - + 21 Yava - - - - + 22 Lingika - - - - + Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 58
  • 80. Review of Literature Table 45 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name:-Lajjalu Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BP.NLanguage Name NoEnglish Sensitive plant 1 Raktapadi + + + + +Hindi Lajwanti 2 Shami patra + - + + +Marathi Lajri 3 Samanga + + + + +Gujarati Lajalu 4 Anjali karika + - - - -Tamil Samangai 5 Namaskari + + + + +Telugu Peddanidrakanti 6 Gandhakari + + - + -Kannada Muttidere muni 7 Sparsha sankocha + - - - - parnika 8 Lajjalu - + + + + 9 Mohini - + - - - 10 Sprukka - + + + - 11 Khadiri - + + + + 12 Shami - + -- - - 13 Patri - + - - - 14 Khadira patrika - -- + - - 15 Sankochani - - + - - 16 Prasarani - - + - - 17 Gandamalika - - + - - 18 Lajja - - + - - 19 Lajjika - - + - - 20 Sparshalajja - - + - - 21 Asrarodhani - - + - - 22 Aruna - - - + - 23 Tamramoola - - + - - 24 Rakta moola - - + + - 25 Svagupta - - + - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 59
  • 81. Review of Literature Table 46 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name:-Latakaranja Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BP.NLanguage Name NoEnglish Fever nut 1 Lata karanja - + + - +Hindi Kanja 2 Karanji - + - - -Marathi Gajaga 3 Kakatikta - + - - -Gujarati Gajga 4 Vayasya - + - - -Tamil Avil 5 Angarvallari - + - - -Telugu Gacha 6 Dusparsha - - + - -Kannada Sanna gajaga 7 Virasya - - + - - 8 Vajraviraka - - + - - 9 Ghanadhaksha - - + - - 10 Kantha phala - - + - - 11 Kuberaksha - - + - + 12 Varaha - - - + - 13 Tarani - - - + - 14 Tiragandhika - - - + - 15 Kanta karanja - - - + + 16 Puti karanja - - - - + 17 Vitapa karanja - - - - + 18 Prakirya - - - - + Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 60
  • 82. Review of Literature Table 47 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name:-Madhuka Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BP.NLanguage Name NoEnglish Butter tree 1 Madhuka - + + + +Hindi Jangali moha 2 Guda pushpa + + + + +Marathi Mora 3 Madhu pushpa - - - - +Gujarati Mahuda 4 Vanaprastha + - + - +Tamil Illppai 5 Madhusthila + - + + +Telugu Madhukamu 6 Elaphala - - - + -Kannada Halpe mara 7 Dola phala - - - + - 8 Tikshna sara - + - + - 9 Madhur - - - - + - 10 Madhu kostha - + - + - 11 Rodhra vruksha - - - + - 12 Vana vasa - - - + - 13 Maha druma - - - + - 14 Madhuvriksha + - + - - 15 Madhusrava + - + - - 16 Lodhra pushpa + - + - - 17 Madhava + - + - - 18 Golaphala - + - - - 19 Madhudruma - + - - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 61
  • 83. Review of Literature Table 48 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name:-Mamsarohini Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BP.NLanguage Name NoEnglish Indian red wood 1 Mamsarohini + + + + +Hindi Rohun 2 Atiruha + + + + +Marathi Rohuna 3 Vrutta + + + + +Gujarati Rohani 4 Charmakasha + + + + +Tamil Sem 5 Vikasa + - + + +Telugu Somi 6 Mamsaroha + - - - -Kannada Some Mara 7 Ruha + - - - - 8 Rakta + - - - - 9 Rohini - + + - - 10 Mamsarohi - - + - - 11 Mamsaruha - - + + - 12 Vasa - - - - + 13 Prahar valli - - - + + 14 Viravati - - - - + 15 Viravalli - - - + - 16 Pishita rohini - - - + - 17 Kasa - + - - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 62
  • 84. Review of Literature Table 49 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name:-Meshashringi Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BP.NLanguage Name No Small-indian 1 Medhashringi - + - - +English IpecauanhaHindi Gurmar 2 Meshashringi + + + + +Marathi Bedaki 3 Vishani - - - - +Gujarati Sehna gerse 4 Meshavalli - + - - +Tamil Adigam 5 Ajashrungika - + - - +Telugu Podapatri 6 Shrivrukshaka - - - + -Kannada Kattari Balli 7 Bastashrungi - - - + - 8 Shrungika - - - + - 9 Padavruksha - - - + - 10 Ghanashrunga - - - + - 11 Chakshushya - - + + - 12 Bahulangaka - - - + - 13 Avalkala - - - + - 14 Abalanga - - - + - 15 Nadi - - - + - 16 Bahulchakshushi - - - + - 17 Vrushikali - - - + - 18 Kuchiparni - - - + - 19 Vishanika - - + + - 20 Sukrahemi - - - + - 21 Sarpadamsta + + + + - 22 Medravalli - - - + - 23 Vivartrika - - - + - 24 Mahaphala - - - + - 25 Tiktadugdha - - + + - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 63
  • 85. Review of Literature Table 50 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name:-Nadihingu Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BP.NLanguage Name NoEnglish White emetic nut 1 Nadi hingu + - + + +Hindi Dikamali 2 palasakhya + - + - +Marathi Dikamali 3 jantuka + + + - +Gujarati Dikamali 4 ramathi + + + + +Tamil tikkamalli 5 vamsapatri + - + - +Telugu Erubikki 6 venupatri + + - + -Kannada Bikke 7 pinda + + - + - 8 Hingu sivatika + + - - - 9 Hingu patri - + - + - 10 nadi - + - - - 11 Hingu phala - + - - - 12 pindanvha - - + - + 13 suvirya - - + - + 14 Hingu nadika - - + - + 15 karavi - - - + - 16 pruthvika - - - + - 17 pruthula - - - + - 18 Charu patrika - - - + - 19 kabari - - - + - 20 varbari - - - + - 21 shivatika - - - + - 22 Bashpika - - - + - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 64
  • 86. Review of Literature Table 51 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name: - Nilini Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BP.NLanguage Name NoEnglish Common indigo 1 Nilini + + + + +Hindi Neela 2 Nilika + + + + +Marathi Nili 3 Kala + - - - +Gujarati Nil 4 Gramya + + + + -Tamil Nili 5 Dola + - - + +Telugu Nili 6 Vishodhani + + + + -Kannada Nili 7 Tuttha + - + - - 8 Shriphalika + + + - + 9 Mocha + - + - - 10 Bharavahi + + + + - 11 Ranjani + + + - + 12 Nili + - + + + 13 Kalika - + - - - 14 Mela - + - - - 15 Tuni - + - - + 16 Ruksha - + - - - 17 Nila - - + - - 18 Nilapatri - - + - - 19 Raghi - - + - - 20 Nilapushpi - - + + + 21 Shyama - - + - - 22 Bhadra - - + - - 23 Krishna - - + - - 24 Klitani - - + - + 25 Tuccha - - - + + Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 65
  • 87. Review of Literature Table 52 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name: - Nimba Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BP.NLanguage Name NoEngilish Neem tree 1 Nimba + + + + +Hindi Nimb 2 Pichumarda + + + + -Marathi Linba 3 Pichumarda - - + - +Gujarati Limba 4 Tiklaka - - - - +Tamil Arulundi 5 Arista + + + + +Telagu Nimbamu 6 Paribhadra + + + + +Kannada Bevina Mara 7 Hingvniryasa - - + - + 8 Katphala - - + - - 9 Prabhadra + + + + - 10 Neta + + + + - 11 Srvatobhadra + + + + - 12 Dhaman - - + - - 13 Pavanestha - - + - - 14 Sheea - - + - - 15 Varetika - - + - - 16 Aristhaphala - - + - - 17 Chardhana - - + + - 18 Niyaman + + - + - 19 Shukapriya - - - + - 20 Krumighna - - - + - 21 Sutiktaka + + - + - 22 Subhadra - - - + - 23 Surya - + - - - 24 Ravisannibha - + - - - 25 Yavanestha - - - + - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 66
  • 88. Review of Literature Table 53 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name: - Palasha Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BP.N Language Name No BastardEnglish 1 Palasha + + + + + TeakHindi Dhak 2 Kimshuka + + + + +Marathi Paras 3 Parna - - + - +Gujarati Khakda 4 Yagniya - - + - +Tamil Palasu 5 Rakta Pushpaka + + - + +Telugu Palasamu 6 Kshar Srestha + - - + +Kannada Muttuga 7 Vatapotha + - + + + 8 Brahmavruksha + - + + + 9 Samidwar + - - + + 10 Triparna + - + - - 11 Vakra Pushpa - - + - - 12 Putadru + - + - - 13 Brahma Paneta - - + - - 14 Kasthadru - - + - - 15 Karma - - - + - 16 Yagnaka - - - + - 17 Ganeruka - - - + - 18 Vatuparni - - - + - 19 Duijasneha - - - + - 20 Trivrit + - - + - 21 Kirmi - + - - - 22 Brahma Padapa - + - - - 23 Simatuttam - + - - - 24 Khara Parna + - - - - 25 Beejasneha + - - - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 67
  • 89. Review of Literature Table 54 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name:-parisha Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN K N BP.NLanguage Name NoEnglish Umbrella tree 1 Parisha pipal - + - - +Hindi Bhendi 2 Parisha - + - - +Marathi Bhenda 3 Palasha - - - - +Gujarati Bendi 4 Kapichutah - - - + +Tamil Kallal 5 Kamandalu - - - - +Telugu Ganga rani 6 Gardabhanda - - - - +Kannada Bengali mara 7 Kandaral - - - - + 8 Kapitana - + - + + 9 Supar shwaka - - - - + 10 Kapi vasa - - - + - 11 Chilimba - - - + - 12 Suprati sthita - - - + - 13 Vanira - - - + - 14 Phalisha - + - + - 15 Kshira padapa - - - + - 16 Kapihuta - + -- - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 68
  • 90. Review of Literature Table 55 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name:-patala garudi Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BP.NLanguage Name NoEnglish Broom creeper 1 Patal garudi - - + - +Hindi Chireta 2 Chila hinta - + - - +Marathi Hunder 3 Maha mula - + - - +Gujarati Vevati 4 Patal garuda - - - - +Tamil Kattukkodi 5 Vatsadani - - + - -Telugu chipurutige 6 Soma valli - - + - -Kannada Dagadi balli 7 Vikranta - - + - - 8 Mechaka - - + - - 9 Tarkshi - - + - - 10 Sowparni garudi - - + - - 11 Vasani - - + - - 12 Dirgha kanda - - + - - 13 Drudha kanda - - + - - 14 Maha bala - - + - - 15 Dirgha valli - - + - - 16 Drudha bala - - + - - 17 Garuda nvaya - + - - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 69
  • 91. Review of Literature Table 56 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name:-plaksha Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BP.NLanguage Name No Wave-leaved 1 plaksha + + + + +English fig treeHindi Pakri 2 kapitanah + - + - -Marathi Bassari 3 shrungi + - + + -Gujarati Pepri 4 suparsvah + + + + -Tamil Jovi 5 carudarsanah + + - + -Telugu Juvvi 6 plavakah + - + - -Kannada Basari 7 gardabhandah + + + + - 8 kamandaluh + + + + - 9 vataplavah + - - - - 10 plava - + - + - 11 Charu vruksha - + - - - 12 vati - + - + - 13 yupa - + - - - 14 pippari - + - + - 15 kshiri - - + - - 16 varohshakhi - - + - - 17 kapitaka - - + - - 18 Drudha praroha - - + - - 19 plavanga - - + - - 20 Maha bal - - + - - 21 Puga munda - - - + - 22 Gandha munda - - - + - 23 charudaru - - - + - 24 mundika - - - + - 25 Ashwath patra - - - + - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 70
  • 92. Review of Literature Table 57 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name:-prishna parni Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BP.NLanguage Name NoEnglish - 1 prstiparni + + - - -Hindi Dabra 2 Pruthak parni + + + + +Marathi Pitvan 3 kalasi + - + + +Gujarati Pilavan 4 dhavani + + - + +Tamil sittirappaladai 5 guna + - + + +Telugu Muyyaku ponna 6 Shrungi vinna + - + + -Kannada Murele honne 7 Aghri bala + - - - - 8 parni + - - - - 9 Krostuka + + + + - puchika 10 Prishna parni + - + + + 11 Chitra parni - - + - + 12 Ahi parni - - - - + 13 Krosthu vinna - - - - + 14 Simha puchi - - + + + 15 klitani - - - + - 16 Snigdha parnika - - - + - 17 vrutila - - - + - 18 languli - - - + - 19 parnika - + - + - 20 Maha guha - - + - - 21 jamani - - + - - 22 mekhala - - + - - 23 langalika - - + - - 24 shrugalika - - + - - 25 Dirgha parni - - + - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 71
  • 93. Review of Literature Table 58 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name:-punarnava Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BP.NLanguage Name NoEnglish Hog weed 1 Rakta punarnava - - + - +Hindi Sant 2 Rakta pushpa - - + - +Marathi Khara parya 3 Shivatika + + - - +Gujarati Vakho-khaparo 4 Shothagni - - - - + 5 Kshudra + + - - +Tamil Mukaratte varshabhuTelugu Atikamamidi 6 Varsha ketu - + + - +Kannada Komme gida 7 Kathillaka + - - - + 8 Punarnava - + + + - 9 Krura - + + - - 10 Mandal patrika - - + + - 11 Rakta kanda - - + - - 12 Lohita - - + - - 13 Rakta patrika - - + + - 14 Vaishakhi + - + - - 15 Rakta varshabhu - - + - - 16 Shophagni - - + + - 17 Vikaswara - - + - - 18 Vishaghni - - + - - 19 Pravrushyana - - + - - 20 Sarini - - + - - 21 Varshabhava - - + + - 22 Sammilata druma - - + - - 23 Nava - - + - - 24 Vrushchiva + - - + - 25 Dirgha patraka + - - + - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 72
  • 94. Review of Literature Table 59 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name:-Rakta gunja Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BP.NLanguage Name NoEnglish Indian liquorice 1 Chudamani + - - + -Hindi Rati 2 Sheeta paki + - - + -Marathi Gunja 3 Shikhandi + + - + -Gujarati Chanoti 4 Krishnala + - - + -Tamil Atti 5 Ucchata + - - -- -Telugu Gurija 6 Tamrika + - - - -Kannada Gula ganji 7 Gunja + + - + - 8 Chataki + - - - - 9 Kakasahvaya + - - - - 10 Raktika - + - + + 11 Rakta gunja - - - + + 12 Tamra - + - + - 13 Kakanantika - + - + + 14 Sughata - - - + - 15 Ratti - - - + - 16 Kakachinchi - - - - + 17 Kakadani - - - - + 18 Kakapilu - - - - + 19 Kakavallari - - - - + Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 73
  • 95. Review of Literature Table 60 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name:-Rakta karavira Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BP.NLanguage Name NoEnglish Indian oleander 1 Rakta pushpa + + - - +Hindi Kaner 2 Chandata + - - + +Marathi Kaneri 3 Laguda + + - + +Gujarati Kanera 4 Rakta karavira - - + + +Tamil Karaviram 5 Rakta prasara - - + - -Telugu Ganneru 6 Ganasha kusuma - - + - -Kannada Kempu kanagile 7 Chandi kusuma - - + - - 8 Krura - - + - - 9 Bhutadravi - - + - - 10 Ravi priva - - + - - 11 chandala - - - + - 12 Gulmaka + - - + - 13 Prachanda + - - + - 14 Vichandika - - - + - 15 Karaviraka - + - - - 16 Chandaka + - - - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 74
  • 96. Review of Literature Table 61 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name:-sariva Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BP.NLanguage Name No Indian 1 Sariva + + + + +English sarsaparillaHindi Ananta mool 2 Sarada + + + + -Marathi Anant mool 3 Gopa + - + - +Gujarati Upalsari 4 Gopa valli + + + + +Tamil Nannari 5 Pratanika + + + + -Telugu Sugandhi 6 Gopa kanya + + + + +Kannada Sugandhi beru 7 Lata + - + + + 8 Asphota + + + - + 9 Shweta + - - + - 10 Kastha sariva + + + + - 11 Gopangana - + - + - 12 Latanhva - + - - - 13 Shweta sariva - + - + + 14 Utpal sariva - - - + - 15 Phala jihwa - - - + - 16 Shweta gopi - - - + - 17 Sugandhika - - - + - 18 Dhaval sariva - - - - + 19 Krushodari - - - - + 20 Shyama - - - - + 21 Chandana - - - - + Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 75
  • 97. Review of Literature Table 62 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name: - Satala Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BPNLanguage Name NoEnglish - 1 Satala + + + - +Hindi Ritha 2 Virala - + - - -Marathi Shikakai 3 Sari + + + - -Gujarati Chikakai 4 Satphala - + - - -Tamil Siyakkay 5 Bahuphina + + + - -Telugu Sikaya 6 Charmasahava - + - - -Kannada Sigekai 7 Charmakashr + + + - + 8 Phena + + + - - 9 Dipta + + + - - 10 Nalika - + - - - 11 Saptala + - + - + 12 Vidula + - + - + 13 Vimala + - + - + 14 Amala + - + - - 15 Vishnika - - + - - Swarna 16 - - + - - pushpin 17 Chitrala - - + - - 18 Moralika + - - - - 19 Sara - - - - + 20 Bhuriphena - - - - + Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 76
  • 98. Review of Literature Table 63 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name: - Shakha Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BPN Language Name NoEngilish Indian Oak 1 Bhumisaha + + - + +Hindi Sagon 2 Dwardoru - - - - +Marathi Sag 3 Varadaru - - - + +Gujarati Saga 4 Kharachada + + - + +Malayalam Tekka 5 Shakha - + + + +Tamil Kalindi 6 Saga + - - - -Telugu Teku 7 Krakachaputra - - + - -Kannada Tega 8 Kharapatra - - + - - 9 Atipatraka - - + - - 10 Mahisaha - - + - - 11 Jyesthakastha - - + - - 12 Sthirasara - - + - - 13 Gruhadruma - - + - - 14 Vrudhadaru - - - + - 15 Sthirakacha - - - + - 16 Mahapatra - - - + - 17 Surabhusaraka - - - + - 18 Dirghachada + + - - - 19 Shagoun - + - - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 77
  • 99. Review of Literature Table 64 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name:-sharapunkha Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BPNLanguage Name NoEnglish Purple tephrosia 1 Sharapunkha - + + - +Hindi sarphonka 2 Kalashakha - + - - -Marathi Sirapakha 3 Pleehari - + - - -Gujarati Jhila 4 Kalaka - + - - -Tamil Kolingi 5 Kanda punkha - - + - -Telugu Vempali chettu 6 Bana punkha - - + - -Kannada Koggali 7 Ishupunkhika - - + - - 8 Sayaka punkha - - + - - 9 Ishu punkha - - + - - 10 Pleeha shatru - - - - + 11 Nili vruksha kruti - - - - + Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 78
  • 100. Review of Literature Table 65 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMSDrug Name:-shirisha Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BPNLanguage Name NoEnglish Parrot tree 1 Shirisha + + + + +Hindi Shiras 2 Mridupushpa + + + + +Marathi Chinchola 3 Shakhini phala + + + + -Gujarati Pilosarshio 4 Kapitanah + + + + +Tamil Siridam 5 Shukataru + - + + +Telugu Sirisamu 6 Shyama varna + + - + -Kannada Sirsul mara 7 Shukapriya + - - + + 8 Plavagh - + - + - 9 Vipra - + - + - 10 Shuka vriksha - + - - - 11 Bhandhira - + + + + 12 Sheeta pushpa - - + - - 13 Shukestha - - + - - 14 Bahir pushpa - - + - - 15 Visha hanta - - + - - 16 Supushpa - - + - - 17 Uddhanaka - - + - - 18 Kalinga - - + - - 19 Kalima - - - + - 20 Bhandila - - - + + 21 Bhandhi - - - + + 22 Shuka pushpa - - - + + 23 Shyamala - - + - - 24 Madhu pushpa - - + - - 25 Vrunta pushpa - - + - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 79
  • 101. Review of Literature Table 66 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMSDrug Name: - Shleshmantaka Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BPNLanguage Name NoEngilish Sebesten 1 Bahuvar + - + + + PlumHindi Gondi 2 Sheeta - - + - +Marathi Bhokhar 3 Udhala - - - - +Gujarati Gundomoto 4 Shleshmantaka - - - - +Tamil Narurici 5 Plckhila + + + + +Telugu Chinnanakkra 6 Bhutavrukshaka - - - - +Kannada Challe 7 Shleshmaphala - - - + - 8 Dwijakursita + + + + - 9 Karbudar - + + + - 10 Muktamuktaphala - - - + - 11 Swady - - - + - 12 VasantKusuma - - - + - 13 Lekhasar + - - + - 14 Shailesha - - - + - 15 Sutapadapa - - - + - 16 Sailuh - + - - - 17 Sapitah - + - - - 18 Bhutapadapa - + - - - 19 Shailuka - + - - - 20 Shataphala - - + - - 21 Shakata - - + - - 22 Bhatadruma - - + - - 23 Gandhapushpa - - + - - 24 Shapitha + - - + - 25 Shelu + + + + + Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 80
  • 102. Review of LiteratureTable 67 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMSDrug Name: - Shatavari Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BPNLanguage Name NoEngilish Wild Asparagus 1 Shatavari + + + + +Hindi Shatawar 2 Bahusuta - - - - +Marathi Satavari 3 Vari + - + - +Gujarati Shatamuli 4 Narayani - + + + +Tamil Pilli 5 Satapadi + + + + +Telugu Sattavari 6 Shatavirya - + + - +Kannada Majjige gadde 7 Pivari + + - - + 8 Rishyaprakta + - - - + 9 Dwipika + + + + - 10 Urdhwakantaka + - + - - 11 Bahuputra - - - + - 12 Indivari + - + - + 13 Dhara Kantaka - + - + - 14 Shatapat - + - - - 15 Banupatrika - + + - - 16 Swadurasa - - + - - 17 Bhiru - - + - - 18 Bahumala - - + - - 19 Sukshma patra - - + - - 20 Supatra - - + - - 21 Laghu patrika - - + - - 22 Madhura - - + - - 23 Vishnavi - - + - - 24 Mahoudani - - + - - 25 Dwipisatrah + + + + - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 81
  • 103. Review of Literature Table 68 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMSDrug Name: - Shweta Shigru Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BPN Language Name NoEngilish Indian 1 Shobhanjan + + - + + Harse radishHindi Sainjna 2 Shigru + + + + + TikshnaMarathi Segto 3 + - - + + GandhakaGujarati Segto 4 Akshiva - - - + +Tamil Sajaha 5 Mochaka - - - + +Telugu Sikkuru 6 Haritashakha + - + + -Kannada Nugge 7 Shakha patra - - + - - 8 Supataraka - - + - - 9 Upadamsha - - + + - 10 Kshama damsha - - + - - 11 Kamala patraka - - + - - 12 Dashamula - - + - - 13 Tikshhamula - - + - - 14 Shweta shigru - - + + - 15 Sutikshna - - + - - 16 Sumula - - + - - 17 Krishna gandha - - - + - 18 Laghu patraka + - - - - 19 Vidradhighna - - - + - 20 Mula parni - - + - 21 Mukha Bhanga + - + + - 22 Komala atraka - - + - - 23 Dirghaka + - - - - 24 Sitanhvaya - - + - - 25 Mulaka chada - - - + - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 82
  • 104. Review of Literature Table 69 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMSDrug Name: - Tarkari Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BPNLanguage Name NoEnglish - 1 Agnimantha + + + - +Hindi Arni 2 Agnimanthana + - + - -Marathi Airanamula 3 Tarkari + - + + +Gujarati Irun 4 Vaijayantika + + + - +Tamil Takkari 5 Vanhi manthana + - + - -Telugu Talaki 6 Arani + + + - +Kannada Taggi 7 Ketuh + + + - - 8 Shripari + + + - + 9 Karnika + + + - - 10 Jaya + - + + + 11 Ganikarika - - - - + 12 Jayanti - - - + + 13 Nadeyi - - + - + 14 Vijaya - - + + - 15 Matha - + - - - 16 Gavethu - + - - - 17 Ananth - + - - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 83
  • 105. Review of Literature Table 70 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMSDrug Name: - Tinduka Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BPNLanguage Name NoEnglish Riber Ebony 1 Tinduka + + + + +Hindi Kalatendu 2 Spnurjaka + - + - +Marathi Timburi 3 Kalaskandha + - + + +Gujarati Zee berwo 4 Asitakaraka - - - - +Tamil Kattatti 5 Nilasara + - + - -Telugu Etitummika 6 Atimuktaka + - + - -Kannada Tumari 7 Ramana + - + - - 8 Sphurjana + - + + - 9 Kalasara - + - + - 10 Tanuka - - - + - 11 Dirghanakhi - - - + - 12 Spandita - - - + - 13 Spnurja - + - + - 14 Spandana + + - + - 15 Ravana - + - + - 16 Vara - - - + - 17 Kakapilu - + - - - 18 Kupilu - + - - - 19 Ravan + - - - - 20 Tustan + - - - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 84
  • 106. Review of Literature Table 71 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMSDrug Name:-Udumbara Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BPNLanguage Name NoEnglish Cluster fig 1 Udumbara + + + + +Hindi Gular 2 Kshira vriksha + + + - -Marathi Rumadi 3 Hemadugdha + + + + +Gujarati Umar 4 Sadaphala + + + + - 5 Apushpa phala + - - + -Tamil Adam sambhandhaTelugu Atti 6 Yagnangah + + - + +Kannada Atti 7 Sheeta valkala + + + + - 8 Jantu vriksha - + - + - 9 Krumi phala - + - - - 10 Kalaskandha - - + - - 11 Yagna yogya - - + - - 12 Yagniya - - + - - 13 Supratisthita - - + + - 14 Jantu phala - - + + + 15 Pushpa shunya - - + - - 16 Pavitraka - - + - - 17 Soumya - - + - - 18 Sheeta phala - - + - - 19 Haritaksha - - - + - 20 Vasudruma - - - + - 21 Sachakshu - - - + - 22 Mashaki - - - + - 23 Kshiri - - - + - 24 Kshiradru - - - + - 25 Kanchana - - - + - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 85
  • 107. Review of Literature Table 72 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMSDrug Name:-Vanapalandu Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BPNLanguage Name NoEnglish Indian squill 1 Kolakanda - - + - +Hindi Jangali pyaz 2 Vanapalandu - - - - +Marathi Jangli pyajha 3 Krimighna - - + - -Gujarati - 4 Pannjala - - + - -Tamil Narivengayam 5 Vastrapanjala - - + - - Adavi 6 Putalu - - + - -Telugu thellagaddaKannada Kadu irulli 7 Suputa - - + - - 8 Puta kanda - - + - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 86
  • 108. Review of Literature Table 73 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name:-Vasa Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BPN Language Name NoEnglish Malabar nut 1 Vasakah + - + + +Hindi Adalsa 2 Simhaparni + - + + +Marathi Adulsi 3 Vrushah + + + + +Gujarati Aduso 4 Vasa + + + + +Tamil Adadodi 5 Simhika + + + - +Telugu Addaramu 6 Atarushah + - + + +Kannada Adusoge 7 Simhamukhi + + + + - 8 Bhishagmata + - + + + 9 Atarushaka + - - + + 10 Arushaka - + - - - 11 Inava vasa - + - - - 12 Bhishak simhaparni - + - - - 13 Utpakarushaka - + - - - 14 Vasadani - - + - - 15 Simhi - - + + - 16 Sheeta parni - - + - - 17 Vajidanta - - + + + 18 Nasa - - + - - 19 Panchamukhi - - + - - 20 Mrugendrani - - + - - 21 Simhasya - - - + + 22 Matruka - - - + - 23 Simhavallika - - - + - 24 Vasika - - - - + 25 Tamra - - - - + Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 87
  • 109. Review of Literature Table 74 VERNACULAR NAMES AND SYNONYMS Drug Name: - Vata Vernacular Names Sl Synonyms DN MN RN KN BPN Language Name NoEngilish Banyan tree 1 Vata + - + + +Hindi Bargad 2 Raktaphala + - + + +Marathi Vada 3 Shrungi + - + + +Gujarati Vad 4 Nyagradha + + + + +Tamil Alam 5 Skandhaja + + - + +Telugu Bhandiramu 6 Dhruva + + - - +Kannada Alada 7 Kshiri + + + + + 8 Vaishravana - - - - + 9 Vasa - - - - + 10 Bahupada + + + + + 11 Vanaspati + + + + + 12 Jatatal - - + - - 13 Rohina - - + - - 14 Avarahi - - + - - 15 Vitapi - - + - - 16 Skandharuha - - + - - 17 Mandali - - + - - 18 Mahachaya - - + - - 19 Yakshavasa - + + + - 20 Yakshataru - - + - - 21 Padarohina - + + + - 22 Nila - - + - - 23 Shipharuha - - + - - 24 Danta - - - + - Vaushra 25 + - - - - vanavasa Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 88
  • 110. Review of Literature • Tamarindus indica Evergreen trees. Leaf rachis 10-15 cm long; leaflets 14-16 pairs, oblong, obtuse,oblique at base, glabrous, 2x0.6 cm long, bracts enclosing the buds, caducous corollastriped with pink pod pale brown, slightly curved. Seeds smooth, brown, shining.It is found in tropics. Frequent in dry plains along the road cultivated extensively for itspod. • Alangium lamarkii Small deciduous trees or shrubs; young branch lets rusty pubescent. Leaves narrowlyelliptic or ovate, acute or obtuse with a pair of basal and 4-6 pairs of lateral veins;domatia absent. Flowers greenish-white, pubescent outside. Stamens more than twice thenumber of petals. Fruit ellipsoid, crowned with vestiges of calyx.Flowering-Feb-MarchFruits-April- May.It is found in pale tropics. Occasional in open dry places in southern interior Karnataka • Clitoria ternatea Glabrescent, slender twinners. Leaf rachis to 8cm long; leaflets 5-7, elliptic, obtuse orretuse, glabrous above, pubescent beneath, to5x3cm.Flowers solitary petals white with orwithout blue border; standard with orange centre. Pod pubescent, 9x1cm. Flowers-Allseasons. It is found in tropics Frequent in most districts of Karnataka state • Cassia fistula Deciduous trees. Branch lets glabrous. Leaves to 40cm long, eglandular; stipuleslinear, deciduous; leaflets 4-8 pairs, ovate, sub acute, 16x8 cm, raceme to 40cm long;bracts deciduous antheriferous stamens 10, lower 2-3 larger, the rest sub equal. Fruitindehiscent, cylindrical, to 60x2vm. 2-3 larger, the rest sub equal. Flowers-February-April It is found in china Indomalasia common in all districts of Karnataka state. Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 89
  • 111. Review of Literature • Sapindus laurifolious Trees. Leaf lets in 3-4 pairs, elliptic –lanceolate, acuminate, rounded at base, 8- 21.5x2.88.5cm; lateral veins to 12 pairs panicles pubescent, sepals pubescent without. Petals white- villous on both sides often with minute scales fruit densely villous when young, glabrous with age.Flowering – All seasons.It is found in India, srilanka, fairly common in deciduous to semi ever green forests. • Terminalia arjuna A large tree with white bark. Leaves sub opposite, ovate-oblong, obtuse, cordate,and oblique at base, coriaceoous, petioles with 2 glands at the top beneath the blade.Flowers [apr.-may] sessile in short axillary spikes, bracteoles, minute.calyx campanulate,teeth small. Ovary, glabrous.disk densely yellowish-hairy. Stamens much exserrted. Fruitsamara with 5, thick, narrow, striated, truncate wings It found in konkan,deccen,Gujarat • Abutilon indicum Fruticose herbs, velvety-tomentose to glabrescent. Leaves orbicular-ovate, oftenshallowly 3-lobed, and crenate to dentate, chartaceous, 3-6cm across, calyx much shorterthan petals, spreading in fruit. Mericarps 1.3-1.5 cm long, stellate-pubescent.Flowering- March-April It is found pan tropical, extending to subtropics. Common along roadsides, inopen country, in southern interior Karnataka. • Cassia auriculata Shrubs, branch lets finely pubescent. Stipules large, foliaaceous, reniform,reflexed, persistent. Leaves 9cm, long; leaflets 8-12 pairs, elliptic-oblong, obtuse andminutely apiculate, 2x1 cm; glands between leaflets subulate. Corymbs axillary andterminal, often panicled; bracts ovate, acuminate. Petals veined. Antheriferous stamens 6-7, 3 larger. Pod flat, dehiscent, 10x1.5 cm, obtuse at apex with age. It is found in Indomalaya. Common on dry, stony soil in interior Karnataka. All seasons. Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 90
  • 112. Review of Literature • Helicteres isora Arborescent shrubs. Leaves eliptic-obovate, obliquely cordate at base, acute, crenate-serrate, palmately 3-5 ribbed, to 14-11 cm. Flowers in short auxiliary cymes. Calyxbrown-tomentose, gibbous, 2- lipped. Petals reflexed, red turning to grey with age.Follicles spirally twisted 5-7cmFlowering –Aug-AprilIt is found in paleotropics. India to Australia. A heliophyte common near edges of forestclearings in most districts of Karnataka state. • Ficus religiosa Large trees, petiole to 10cm long; leaf blade broadly elliptic-obovate or suborbicualr, cuspidate at apex truncate – acute at base, with undulate margin, glabrous withcystoliths beneath, to 18x11 cm; nerves 3-5 from base; lateral nerves 6-8 pairs;reticulation Prominently raised. Figs in axillary pairs, sessile, globose, to 1cm across;basal bracts 3, sub orbicular, 5 mm long. It is found from Pakistan to Vietnam, widely cultivated, usually near temples. • Ziziphus jujba Spinous trees; young brachlets tomentose leaves elliptic-ovate to orbicular fulvous –tomentose beneath, to 6.5x3.5cm. Flowers in sessile or short-peduncled fascicles. Disc10-grooved Drupe to 0.7cm across, glabrous.Flowers- April-OctIt is found in tropics. Commonly cultivated in deciduous forests of interior Karnataka. • Solanum indicum A very prickly shrub, much branched, prickles large and recurved. Leaves ovate,lobed, large, and prickly on both sides, hairy, base cordate, oblique, petiolesprickly.Flowers in extra axillary cymes, pale-purple, peducles prickly. Calyx small, hairy.Corolla rotate, with purple hairs, stamens 5, almost sessile, anthers yellow, large, openingby pores. Ovary and style hairy, curved at the apex. Berry dark- yellow, seeds many. It is mostly found through out tropical India, Ceylon, Malaya, china, Philippines. Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 91
  • 113. Review of Literature • Aegle marmelos Deciduous trees. Branches glabrous or grey pubescent. Leaf rachis to 6cm long;leaflets elliptic, obtusely acuminate at apex, slightly crenate along the margin, to 7x4.5cm. panicle to 8 cm long Petals white 1.2 cm long, Stamens 30-60.Berry ovoid, glabrous,8-15 celled, to 7 cm across.Flowers –January-May. Fruits-June-November. It is found in Indomalasia.Common in dry deciduous forests of interior Karnataka. • Phyllanthes urinaria Erect herbs stipules peltate, ovate-lanceolate; leaf blade oblong-elliptic, apiculate,and rounded at base, to 12.5x0.4cm; lateral nerves 6-8 pair’s perianth lobes 6, elliptic-oblong. Anthers oblong, straight, dehiscing vertically. Capsule verrucose. Seedstransversely ridged. It is found in tropics Common in Ghats, in shade along edges of semi-evergreenforests and banks of streams, rare in southern interior Karnataka. May-September • Coccinia indica A perennial, diocieous, tuberous rooted, climber with simple tendrils. Leavespalmately 5 lobed, base cordate. Male flowers solitary, white, calyx tube companulate,teeth 5. Corolla funnel shaped, segments 5 veined with green. Stamens 3, forming acolumn. Female flowers solitary, white, calyx and corolla as in male, staminodes 3, ovaryinferior, fusiform, ovoid, placenta 3, ovary inferior, fusiform, ovoid, placenta 3, ovulesmany, horizontal, style slender, stigma 3,bifid, pepo, ovoid, elongate, scarlet when ripe.Flowers- July – September. It is found on hedges everywhere, Deccan, Gujarat, andBombay. • Cassia tora Annual Shrubby herbs. Leaves 6-8cm long, with subulate. Glands between theleaflets; leaflets 3-5pairs, obovate, oblong, obtuse, apiculate at apex, 5x2.5 cm Flowers inaxillary pairs; bracts linear, stamens 6-7,pod apiculate, subteragonal 12-0.5 cm.Flowers-April-Dec. It is found in tropics, frequent across state. Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 92
  • 114. Review of Literature • Santalum album Leaves ovate or elliptic lanceolate, apiculate-obtuse, glabrous, to8.5x4cm perianthlobes tufted within drupe globose, 1-1.5 cm acrossFlowering-April-Feb.It is found in Indomalesia, common especially in dry forests of interior Karnataka. • Holoptelia integrifolea A large deciduous tree leaves elliptic, acuminate, entire cordate.flowers (FEB-MAR)Male and female mixed, in short racemes or fascicles at the scars of fallen leaves. Sepals4, hairy.stamens 4-8(often 6 or 7) erect .ovary superior, compressed, 1-celled, stalked,ovule one, pendulous, style short.samana orbicular with reticulate veined wings.It is found in konkan, Bombay, Poona, Gujarat, and Ahmedabad. Very common, everywhere on roads. • Grewia tilifolia Trees to 15m, glabrescent to stellate- pubescent. Petiole 1-3 cm long, thickened atapex; leaf blade elliptic to orbicular-ovate, 7-17x4.5-9cm, acuminate to rounded usuallyobliquely cordate at base, serrate to crenate- dentate, often glaucous beneath. Cymesaxillary, 3-6.Peduncle 1-1.5 cm long, shorter or slightly longer than petiole. Torus hairyat apex. Fruit fleshy, shallowly 2-10 lobed glabrescent; lobes 5 mm across. It is found in east tropical Africa; India, Burma, Srilanka, common in semievergreen and moist deciduous forests in ghats and interior Karnataka to 1450m high. • Anogeisis latifolia Deciduous trees. Leaves alternate or sub opposite, elliptic – oblong or elliptic –ovate, obtuse, acute or retuse at apex, rounded to cordate at base, glabrous, to 10x7cm;lateral nerves 9-14 pairs Heads solitary or in short cymes; peduncle pubescent. Calyxcream often tinged with pink. Tube 3 cm long. Lobes reflexed. Fruits 1 cm long inglobose clusters.Flowers- August – JanuaryIt is found in India, Srilanka, common in deciduous forests in most districts of interiorKarnataka. Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 93
  • 115. Review of Literature • Dhatura metal Whole plant densely clothed with greyish tomentum. Stem erect, 0.9-1.2m high,stout, herbaceous, terete. Leaves 15-20c.m.long,ovate-lanceolate or broadly ovate ,acuteor acuminate , unequal at the base and often cordate ,entire or repand – dentate ,denselytomentose on both surfaces and generally glandular ,petioles 6.3-9c.m.long; peduncles atfirst erect ,afterwards nodding .calyx about 7.5 cm. long , inflated towards the middle,persistent and reflexed in fruit; teeth lanceolate ,acuminate ,unequal .corolla abouttwice as long as the calyx ,white tinged with green bellow ,pubescent outside ,limb 10-toothed .capsule globose ,nodding, covered with long rather slender spines It is supposed to have spread from S.america to all other parts of world .found inthe N.W.Himalaya, about madras. • Euphorbia thymifolia Prostrate herbs. Stem hairy. Leaves oblong or elliptic – oblong, appressed hairy,serrulate mucronate to 0.7x0.4 cm cyathia solitary or 2-3 in a cyme, hairy; gland minute,shortly stipulate; limb 0.schizocarp appressed hairy through out.It is found in tropics. Common weed in gardens and along roadsides in most districts of Karnataka. . • Leucas cephalotus A small annual herb, stem square and hairy. Leaves – Ovate-Lanceolate, lobed, thinhairy crenate, serrate, base tapering. Flowers-(November)sessile in large terminal,globose whorls, more than 1 inch, the floral leaves come out of the verti oil bracts green,folliaceous, lanceolate, owned, ciliate verti oil, corolla white, bilabiate, upper tip white-wooly, lower lip nearly twice as long, stamens 4. Didynamous ovary 4-lobed stylegynobasic stigma bifid .Nutlets 4, obovate. It is found in Punjab, Bengal, Assam, Himalaya, Rajputana desert, Kathiawar,Gujrat, all plains districts of Madras presidency-Afghanistan. Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 94
  • 116. Review of Literature • Gmelina arborea A moderate size, deciduous, unarmed tree, leaves large, broadly, ovate, acuminatecordate at base, hairy below, Flower(February-April )in small cymes of 1-3 flowersarranged in hairy panicles, yellowish, bracts small, linear, caduceus. Calyx bell- shaped,hairy, teeth small 5, corolla large, brownish-yellow, 2- lipped, tubular swollen above,densely hairy, 5-lobed, with way margin. Stamens 4didynamous.ovary 4-celled, ovule l ineach cell, style simple, stigma 2-fid. Drupe ovoid, orange yellow.It is found in konkan, Deccan, canara, Gujarat, Dangs, Baroda, and Ahmedabad etc. • Elephantopus scaber Erect 15-38 cm high; root stock short, giving off many stout fibrous roots; stemusually dichotomously branched, strigose with apressed white hairs, Leaves mostlyradical, sessile. Closely packed, forming a large flat topped terminal inflorescence. Theembryo sometimes germinates in the head. It is found through out India – tropical Asia, Australia and America. • Tribulus terrestris Procumbent herbs. Leaves opposite, compound, with lanceolate stipules. Leaflets 3- 6 pairs, sericeovilous, oblique at base. Flowers pedicel led, solitary, axillary; sepals 5, acute; petals 5 yellow, equaling sepals, hairy; stamens 10, free intrastaminal glands distinct. Ovary pilose; stigmas sub sessile on ovary. Mericarps with 2 large and 2 smaller spines. It is found in paleo tropics. A wide spread weed in open places, on gravelly soil inall districts of Karnataka state. • Tinospora cardifoliaClimbing glabrous shrubs. Petiole base twisted; leaf blade ovate to 7 and 8cm. Flowers –yellow; outer sepal 1mm long, inner sepal 4.5 mm long. Petals fleshy, 3.5 mm long,loosely clasping the stamens in male. Drupelets 7mm across, turning red with age,Flowering in September – AprilIt is found in India, Srilanka, and Frequent in scrub and dry deciduous forests in most ofthe districts of Karnataka state. Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 95
  • 117. Review of Literature • Terminalia chebula A small tree. Leaves alternate, elliptic-oblong, acute, penninerved, base rounded,petioles often with 2 glands near their apex. Flowers [apr-june] in terminal spikes,bracteoles, exceeding the flowers, linear, acute.calyx campanulate, teeth 5. Petals0.stamens 10, episepalous. Drupes ellipsoid, or obovoid, stone, oblong, bony. Seedexalbuminous It is found in konkan, Deccan, Gujarat. • Aristolochia indicaTwinning herbs. Petiole to 1.5cm long; leaf blade oblong to subpandurate triplinerved;glabrous, to 12x4 cm. Bracts small, linear-Lanceolate, perianth tube greenish at inflatedbase and purple or brow above.Flowering- All seasons.It is found in India, Sri Lanka.common in scrub and dry deciduous forests in most of thedistricts of Karnataka state. • Balannities aegypticaGrey pubescent. Branches usually terminating as thorns. Leaf rachis to 1cm long; leafletselliptic lanceloate, entire, acute or obtuse at apex, cuneate at base, to 3.2x2cm cyme 3-6flowered. Pedicel to 0.8cm long. Calyx lobes ovate, 0.35 cm long, grey pubescent without villous within. Petals lanceloate, greenish-yellow, villous within 0.5cm long ovarypubescent. Drupe ovoid-oblong, shortly, appressed pubescent, 4.5x1.8 cm.Flowering – March –July.It is found in southest Asia, Africa frequent in scrub forests of southern interiorKarnataka. • Syzigium cuminiTrees petiole 1-3 cm long; blade chartaceous, ovate or elliptic – lanceolate, acute,acuminate, or rarely obtuse, narrowed at base, 5.6-17x2-7cm; lateral nerves distinctbeneath. Flowers small, in ramiflorous or axillary, panicled cymes calyx tube obscurelylobed, to 0.5 – 0.5 cm corolla calyptrate, berry globose or oblong, purple when ripe,juicy. Flowering –Feb-SeptIt is found in Indomalesia, Srilanka, Australia common in deciduous and semi- ever greenforests. Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 96
  • 118. Review of Literature • Carissa carandus A large armed shrub, branch lets alternate with twin, stout, sharp, horizontalthorns. Leaves opposite, coriaceoous, elliptic or obovate, obtuse. Flowers (Jan-apr) white,odorous, in terminal corymbose, cymes, bracts linear. Calyx 5-lobed, hairy. Corollasalver shaped, lobes 5,stamens 5, included within the corolla-mouth, filaments very short,anthers, linear, disk o, ovary superiorly, 2 celled, ovules 4 in each cell, stigma hairy,berry ovoid or ellipsoid, purplish black when ripe, 4 or more seeded, It is found in konkan, khandala, Gujarat, dangs, mt Abv and every where of mostdistricts of Karnataka state. Often cultivated as an avenue tree or for itsEdible fruits • Momordica charantia An annual, monoecious climber. With simple tendrils, stem angled and grooved,hairy. Leaves alternate, orbicular, hairy, deeply 5-7 lobed, lobes acute, spinous dentate,base cordatre,petioles long,channeled.Flowers (August-October) male flowers solitary,peduncles long with a reniform bracts below the middle. Calyx-tube short, lobes 5,corolla yellow; segments 5, obtuse, veined. Stamens 3. Female flowers solitary bract nearthe base, staminodes 3. Ovary inferior, fusiform, stigmas 3, bifd. Pepo fusiform,pendulous, green, ribbed, with many triangular tubercles seeds compressed.It is widely cultivated for its edible fruits as a vegetable • Pongamia pinnataEvergreen trees, leaflets 5-9, ovate to ovate-elliptic, shortly acuminate, glabrous, 12x7cmraceme to 15cm long pedicel slender, 1 cm long. Calyx glabrous corolla purplish-white;petals glabrescent pod obliquely oblong, beaked 6x3.5cmFlowers – March – June.It is found in paleotrpics. Common along river banks, often planted near villages and asan avenue tree all districts of Karnataka state. Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 97
  • 119. Review of Literature • Cassia occidentalisUnder shrubs, branch lets glabrous, leaves 15-20 cm long; petiole glandular; leaflets 4-6pairs, elliptic ovate, acuminate, rounded or cuneate at base, 6x2 cm, Raceme 2-6flowered; bracts ovate, acuminate, stamens 6-7.2 larger. Pod linear, turgid butcompressed, brown with yellow margins. 12x0.5 cm. Flowers – march –December.It is found in tropics. Frequent weed. • Feronia elephantumA big tree armed with spines. Leaves imparipinnate, petiole and rachis flat, narrowlywinged, leaflets 3-9, opposite, obovate or wedge –shaped. Flowers (march-may) small,numerous, dull red, in lateral or terminal, hairy, panicles with male and female flowers.Calyx small, 5-6 triangular lobes. Petals 5-6, free elliptic oblong, deflexed, stamens 10-12, filaments hairy at base, anthers large. Linear-oblong, ovary sessile, oblong 1-celled,ovules many, placenta partial, style 0, stigma oblong fruit a berry amphisarca- globose,hard, many seeded, rough grey colored, seeds embedded in edible pulp.It is found as wild everywhere or cultivated for its fruits. • Bauhinia variegata Deciduous trees, Leaf slightly cordate at base, 11-13 nerved. Glabrous above.Sparsely pubescent beneath, to 11x11cm.Raceme axillary and terminal. Calyxspathaceous, 5-tothed at apex, to 3 cm long, corolla white or pink. Stamens 5. Fruit flat,glabrous 25x2cm.Flowering-Augest –February It is originating in China, Frequently cultivated, some times naturalized. • Capparis decidua Shrubs branch lets glabrous striate. Spines straight. Leaves only on youngbranchlets, linear-oblong, 6-20x1-3cm; Inflorescence axillary and terminal, of shortracemes. Petals triangular ovate, the lower ones slightly oblong, densely pubescent alongmargin. Gynophore to 1.4cm long, glabrous; densely pubescent along margin. Ovary 4-grooved. Fruits globose, beaked, smooth red when ripe 1.5cm across.Flowers-July-November. It is found in tropical north and Africa to India. Occasional in scrub in northerninterior Karnataka. Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 98
  • 120. Review of Literature • Strychnos potatorumA moderate sized glabrous tree attaining 12m; bark black, cracked and scaly; trunk oftenirregularly fluted. leaves 5-7.5 by 2.5 -4.5 cm. ,nearly sessile ,subcoriaceous ,ovate orelliptic , acute or sub acuminate ,glabrous and shining , spuriously 3-or 5-nerved,baserounded or acute ; petioles 2.5mm.long .flowers rather large for the genus ,in short almostglabrous nearly sessile axillary cymes; berry black when ripe,1.7 cm.diam .seeds 1or 2,circular ,8mm. diam.,bluntly lenticular ,not greatly compressed, shining with shortappressed silky hairs , yellow.It is found in konkan, N Kanara, central India, N circars, Deccan, carnatic toS.travancore, Ceylon, Burma. • Ichnocarpus frutescence A large much branched twinning Shrub; leaves simple, elliptical, oblong, glabrouswith reticulate venation. Cyme type of inflorescence dichasyal cyme. Flower greenishwhite regular, bisexual gamopetalous calyx 5 with gamosepalous with imbricateaestivation. Corolla greenish white, five petals gamopetalous with twisted aestivation.Androecium made up of 5 stamens free, epipetalous with short filament, anthers oblongand sagitate. Gynoecium bicarpellary syncarpus 2 ovules in each on marginal placentaion. Fruits a pair of follicles. It is found fore or less through out India, Ceylon-China, and Java, Australia. • Holarrhena antidysentrica Alarge deciduous shrub. Leaves opposite, ovate oblong, thin obtuse, pointed. Subsessile, 6-12inches long. Flowers (February - June) white, scentless, in terminalcorymbose cymes, bracts small, calyx-lobes 5, acute ciliate. Corolla salver-shaped, tubeas long as lobes hairy outside, lobes oblong, rounded, mouth without a hairy ring.Stamens 5, included. Carpels 2, free, style filiform stigma thick. Fruit a pair of follicles,about 15 inches long, seeds many, comose. It is found in Konkan, Deccan, and Gujarat and planted in the gardens. Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 99
  • 121. Review of Literature • Mimosa pudica A diffuse, under shrub, armed with prickles sensitive, digitate, stipules linear-lanceolate, leaflets 12-20 pairs, linear- oblong. Flowers (September-October) pink, inglobose heads, peduncles prickly. Calyx very small, corolla pink, lobes 4, ovate oblong.Stamens 4, much exserted, anthers not gland-crested ovary sessile, and ovules many podscurved; moniliform 3-5 seeded. It is found common every where and cultivated in the gardens. • Caesalpinia crista Scadent shrubs. Branch lets glabrous, leaf rachis to 25cm long;pinae 4-5cm long;leaflets 2-3 pairs, ovate- elliptic, acute at apex, glabrous,4.5x2.5 cm. Petals yellow;standard with red markings, pod ellipsoid, glabrous, 1- seeded. It is found in E.asia, common along coastal estuaries (Dakshina and uttarKannada) • Soymida febrifuga Trees to 20 m. Leaf rachis to 2.5cm long; leaflets 8-10; ovate or obovate, obtuseat apex, Coriaceoous, to 10x6cm panicle equaling the leaves. Calyx lobes ovate, sparselypubescent. Petals obovate, 0.5cm long, slightly fimbriate towards base. Ovary glabrous.Capsule obovoid, 7cm long; seeds oblong, flattened.Flowering-February-May. It is found in India, Srilanka frequent in deciduous forests of interior Karnataka. Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 100
  • 122. Review of Literature • Bassia latifolia Deciduous trees Leaf blade 7-15x5-10 cm, usually acute at apex, rounded at basesepals ovate- lanceolate. Corolla – White, Stamens -20 – more Berry-globose, often withoblique apex.It is found in South India, srilanka, common in deciduous forest of coastal and southerninterior Karnataka.Flowers and fruits – January –may. • Gymnema sylvestre A woody climber, Leaves ovate, elliptic, small, acute, cordate. Flowers (April –May)yellow in umbellate cymes, bracts small, calyx of 5 segments, deeplydevided.Corolla of 5 processes alternating with lobes, staminal – column from thecorolla-base, anthers short with appendages, pollinia one in each cell, style – apexexserted follicles beaded, seeds comose. It is found in konkan, Deccan, mahabaleshwara, Dharwar, Belgum, and Dabhadanear Ahmedabad • Indigofera tinctoriaGrey, appressed-pubescent under shrubs. Leaf rachis to 8 cm long; leaflets 7-11,opposite, rarely sub opposite, obovate – oblong, obtuse, apiculate to 2-2x1cm.Racemeto 4cm long,15-20 flowered. Calyx incised to halfway. Pod linear slightly curved, sparselyhairy deflexed, 6-10 seeded, 2.5-3cm long.Flowers –All seasonsIt is found in tropics fairly common in most districts of Karnataka state. Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 101
  • 123. Review of Literature • Azdirachta indicaTrees to 15m. Leaf rachis to 30 cm long; leaflets to 8x2cm, ovate, lanceolate acuminate,cuneate at base, glabrous. Flowers elongate, sepals 5 free; petals linear-Oblong, whiteDisc o anthers slightly exserted ovary globose Drupe 1 cm acrossFlowering January-July.It is widely cultivated. Common in drier parts of interior Karnataka, often flora ofKarnataka cultivated. • Gardenia lucida A small deciduous tree, Leaves elliptic oblong, obtuse, narrowed into the petioleat the base, dark-green above, pale beneath, stipules axillary, large, ovate acute. Flowers(July-September) solitary, axillary, large; white turning to yellow when old, fragrant.Calyx 5-lobed. Corolla tube long, slender, lobes 5, obovate, obtuse, spreading, veined.Stamens 5, anthers sessile. Ovary with 2, parietal placentas, stigma entire. Fruit ellipsoid,crowned with the calyx lobes. It is found common in Konkan, Bombay elephanta and Kanhari caves jangles,also cultivated in the gardens. • Uraria pictaLeaves 5-7foliolate; leaf rachis to 12 cm long; leaflets linear, oblong, acute, glabrousabove, minutely pubescent beneath, to 16x2 cm. Raceme cylindrical, to 18 cm long,purple calyx 0.4cm long; lobes much longer than tube. Corolla o.65 cm. long, purplejoints of pod 3-6 glabrous.It is found in tropics rare on Western Ghats. • Thespesia populnea Trees to 15m, Twigs with brown to silvery pelt ate scales, leaves long petioled,orbicular to ovate, 9-14x11cm, acute to acuminate, cordate, palmately 7-ribbed. Oftenwith domatia in their axis. Epicalyx lobes ovate oblong. Calyx minutely 5-toothed.Capsule globose, often depressed, to 2-5cm. across, with yellow sap seeds.Flowering in may-September. It is found in Tropics. Frequent along sea coast and estuaries common and asavenue tree though out the state. Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 102
  • 124. Review of Literature • Butea monospermaDeciduous, tomentose trees to 8m.leaf rachis 15 -20 cm; leaflets rhomboid or broadlyovate, obtuse or retuse, to 18x20cm. Nerves raised beneath, raceme 8-12 cm long,Flowers showy, flame-colored, 6cm long, calyx dark brown tomentose; lowest calyxtooth slightly shorter than laterals. Petals tomentose outside pod distinctly stalked,rounded at apex 17x6cm.It is found in Indomalesia. Frequent in most districts either in the open or in deciduousforests. • Cocculus hirsutusHerbaceous climbers petiole to 1.5 cm long; leaf blade1.5 – 6x0.5-2.5cm,ovate,obtuse ormucronate at apex, rounded or truncate at base,3-5 nerved from base. Staminate. Flowersin short, slender panicles, pistilate flowers in short, slender panicles, pistillate flowersusually in cluster. Drupe reddish black.Flowering in October -AprilIt is found in tropical Africa and India. Common on bushes and small trees in scrub anddry deciduous forests in most districts of Karnataka state. • Boerhavia diffusa Diffuse herbs with prostrate or ascending branches. Opposite pair of leavesunequal. Petiole 0.3-2cm long; leaf blade undulate along the margin, usually ovate,sometimes elliptic-lanceolate,rounded-cordate, rarely cuneate at base, acute or obtuse atapex, 2-3.5x 2-3 cm. Inflorescence a panicle of sub capitate umbels; umbels 4-8flowered. Perianth 0.3 cm long, white, red or pink constricted at the middle. Stamens (1-)2-3 Anthrocarp clavate, glandular along the 5- ribs. Pan tropics; common weed in open dry places across coastal plains and on theDeccan plateau. Through out the year. Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 103
  • 125. Review of Literature • Ficus lacor Trees with aerial roots. Petiole to 7 cm long; leaf blade elliptic or ovate lancelate,acuminate, acuminate, rounded or truncate at base, coriaceoous, glabrous, with cystolithsbeneath, triplinerved, to 17x6.5 cm; basal nerves 6-10 pairs. Figs usually in axillary pairs,sub sessile, with peducle 1-7 cm long, globose, glabrous, to 1.5 cm across; basal bracts 3,ovate. It is found in India, Srilanka to Solomon Islands. Frequent in deciduous toevergreen forests of Western Ghats and occasional in Deccan plateau • Nerium odorum A small shrub, milky juice present, leaves verticillate in 3 or2 opposite, linear-lanceolate narrow at both ends. Flowers (All the year round) in terminal panicles ofcymes, pink, red or white, single or double, fragrant, bracts small. Calyx divided to thebase; lobes 5, linear, acute corolla companulate, petals5, rounded overlapping corona of 5scales present in the throat of the corolla, each scale divides into 2-7 free segments.Stamens 5, included filaments short, anthers connivent into a cone and adherent to thestigma, connective produced into a feathery appendage. Carpel’s 2, distinct, style long,stigma dumpbell-shaped.Fruit a pair of follicles, seeds many, comose.It is commonly grown in the gardens everywhere. • Abrus precatorius Perennial twinner. Leaves paripinnate, leaflets 10-20 pairs, opposite, oblong,blunt. Flowers [sept.-oct.] in racemes. Calyx bell-shaped, corolla, pink or white with pinktinge. Stamens 9, monoadlephous. Ovary stalked, style incurved, stigma capitate. Podsflat, beaked, silky, seeds scarlet with a block spot, polished, shining. It is found in konkan, Deccan, Gujarat and kanara Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 104
  • 126. Review of Literature • Acacia catechuSmall trees branches smooth, glabrous, Leaves 10-15 cm long; Stipular spines 0.3 cmlong, on a broad base, hooked ; rachis with small gland between the upper pinnae; petiolegland at the base of first pair of pinnae; pinnae 10-20 pairs, 2.5 -3.5cm long; leaflets 30-40 pairs, oblong, to 4x1 mm, spike 6-8 cm long, corolla white, glabrous, thrice as long ascalyx; pod stalked, flat, glabrous, sub acute, 3-4 seeded, 6x1 cm.It is found in south.w.India, srilanka, Burma, Frequent in scrub in coastal and interiorKarnataka.Flowers – April- September.Fruits – Aug January • Hemidesmus indicus A perennial twinner, nodes thickened. Leaves opposite elliptic oblong to linear-lanceolate, variegated with white above. Flowers (most part of the year) in cymes, bractsovate, Calyx 5-lobed corolla rotate, green outside, purple inside. Lobes 5, valvate, coronaof 5 scales. Stamens 5, filaments distinct, ovary of 2 free carpels. Follicles 2 straight. It is found common every where in hedges, Konkan, Bombay, Dangs, Poona,Belagum. • Acacia concinnaPrickly climbing shrubs or rarely small trees. Branches light brown pubescent, leaves 9cm long; petiole gland below the middle; rachis with a gland between uppermost pair ofpinnae. Pinnae 4-7 pairs, 4 cm long; leaflets 20-25 pairs, not over lapping, pubescent,8x17 mm heads 1 cm across calyx red, finely 5- lobed, glabrous; corolla white, 11/2timesas long as calyx. Ovary sparsely pubescent. Pod 15x2.5cm, fleshy, wrinkled when dry,often indented on sutures, depressed between seeds 10-14 seeded.It is found in Indomalaya, china, common in dry and wet deciduous forests of interiorKarnataka. Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 105
  • 127. Review of Literature • Tephrosia purpureaGlabrescent, erect under shrubs Leaf rachis 6 cm long; leaflets 7-17, oblanceolate, to2.2x1cm raceme many flowered calyx 0.5 cm long; lobes as long as tube. Corolla pinkpod slightly curved, glabrous, 5-7 seeded, 4x0.4 cmFlowers- All seasons.It is found in Tropics common in the open in interior Karnataka. • Moringa oleifera A small, soft wood tree. Leaves usually 3-Pinnate, petiole thickened at base,pinnae and pinnules opposite deciduous, with a gland at the base. Flowers (September-December) white in large panicles calyx cup-like, reflexed.Petals5, spathulate, veined,unequal. Stamens 5, fertile, alternating with 5-7 staminodes, filaments hairy at base.Ovary stalked hairy, oblong, style cylindrical. Capsules elongate, 9-ribbed slightlytwisted. Seeds winged. 3 angled. It is cultivated every where for its edible fruits. • Tectona grandis A large, deciduous tree with square, channeled, hairy stem. Leaves very large,opposite or whorled, entire, elliptic or obovate, acute, rough and hairy. Flowers (June-September) in large, terminal, branched, hairy cymose panicles, bracts lanceolate at thesorks, bracteoles below the calyx, linear. Calyx 5-6 lobed, bell-shaped, hairy enlargedand bladder like. In fruit and enclosing it. Ovoid, crumpled, veined. Corolla white, lobes5-6 unequal, imbricate. Stamens 5 on the base of the corolla. Ovary 4- celled, fleshy,ovule 1 in each cell, style slender, stigma bi-fid. Drupe subglobose, pericarp soft withfelted stellate hairs, endocarp bony, enclosed in accrescent calyx, seed exalbuminous.It is very common on Western Ghats, matheran, dangs, Gujarat, kanara. Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 106
  • 128. Review of Literature • Asparagus racemosus An extensive, spinous, much branched climber with fasciculate tuberous roots.Leaves linear, with a stout conical spinous spur, straight or slightly curved. Cladodes,very slender, spinous-pointed. Flowers (November-January) white, fragrant in simpleracemes, either one or 2, bract small perianth-segment 6, oblong obtuse. Stamens 6,anthers subglobose. Ovary superior, style short, stigma 3, spreading. Berry globose, red. It is found common every where and planted in the garden. • Albezia lebbeck Branch lets puberulus to glabrous. Rachis 10cm long with gland near base ofpetiole and one below uppermost pair of pinnae; pinnae usually 2 pairs, 7-9 cm long;leaflets 3-4 pairs, obliquely oblong, retuse or obtuse at apex, shining, with eccentricmidrib, 4x2.5 cm .Heads 1-few, fascicled, 4 cm, across; flowers pedicelled. Calyxminutely pubescent. Corolla white, twice as long as calyx. Ovary sessile pod flat, strawcolored, 35x4 cm. twice as long as calyx. Ovary sessile, pod flat, straw colored, 35x4 cm. It is found in pale otropics frequent in most districts. Often cultivated.Flowers- January- April, Fruits – April – January • Cordia obliqua A big deciduous tree. Leaves alternate, ovate, obtuse, entire, cordate. Flowers(February-April) white, small, 4 gamous, male and herma cymose, panicles. Calyx closedover the corolla in the bud, then split into 5 irregular lobes, silky inside. Corolla lobes 5,oblong-obtuse recurved. Stamens 5, filaments hairy at base. Ovary 4-celled, ovule 1,erect style terminal, stigma capitate Drupe ovoid pale yellow. It is found common everywhere. Konkan, Deccan, Gujarat, Dangs. Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 107
  • 129. Review of Literature • Clerodendron phlomidis A small shrub common in hedges. Leaves opposite, deltoid ovate, obtuse or acute,crenate, dentate, hairy bellow, wavy. Flowers(August-February) in small, dichotomousaxillary cymes forming a rounded terminal panicle fragrant, bracts small, leaf lanceolatecalyx 5- lobed, not enlarged in fruit, lobes ovate veined. Corolla white or pinkish, tubelong, lobes 5,unequal, elliptic-obtuse, veined stamens 4, didynamous, much exserted,ovary glabrous, style slender, stigma bilobed .Drupe obovoid, 4-lobed with l pyrene ineach lobe. It is common in hedges in konkan, Deccan, mathern Gujarat • Diosporus embryopteres Trees with spreading branches. Leaf blade. Oblong- lanceolate, obtuse or acute,coriaceoous, to 19x6.5 cm. Inflorescence 1 many flowered cyme. Flowers 4 – merous.Calyx lobes in male broadly triangular, shorter or equal to tube, fulvous pubescentwithout, glabrous within in female slightly cordate. Corolla yellow 4- lobed; lobesrounded, retuse. Stamens usually 40, in pairs, anthers hairy. Pistil lode rudimentary.Ovary 8- celled; styles 4, each lobed into many stigmas. Fruit to 4 cm across; fruitingcalyx large, reflexed; seeds 4-8, smooth; pulp viscid, turning black when exposed. ,Flowering – February-November It is found in India, Srilanka, common along river banks in coastal and southerninterior Karnataka. • Ficus glomerata A large evergreen tree. Leaves ovate- oblong, point blunt entire, slightly reddish,stipules ovate, 5 carious, receptacles with short peduncles on trunks and branches, subglobose, red when ripe. It is found common every where near streams and rivers. Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 108
  • 130. Review of Literature • Adhatoda vasica A much branched shrub. Leaves opposite, entire, elliptic-lanceolate acute, basenarrowed, flower (August-November) in axillary spikes, bracts elliptic, bracteoles,oblong- lanceolate, margins hairy. Calyx bell- shaped. Deeply derided, lobes 5, imbricate,oblong- lanceolate. Corolla bilabiate, white with rose colored streaks in the throat, tubeswollen above, upper lip ovate- oblong, curved, obtuse, notched, the lower lip longer thanthe upper, round the central lobe the broadest. Stamens 2, filaments hairy at base, diskcap-like. Ovary hairy 2- celled style hairy. Capsule solid. It is found common every where. • Urgenia indica A small herb with white bulb. Leaves appear after the flowers, flat, linear, radical,acute. Flower (June-August) brown on a scape few-flowered raceme, bracts minuteperianth companulate, segments oblong-lanceolate, obtuse with 2-3 nerves. Stamens 6,included, filaments flattened ovary superior, 3- celled, ovules many, style tempering,obconic, capsule ellipsoid.It is very common on sandy sea shores at uran, gloved dahnu, bordi and elsewhere. • Ficus bengalensis Large spreading trees with numerous aerial rots. Petiole 4 cm long; leaf bladeelliptic – ovate, obtuse at apex, rounded at base, coriaceoous, pubescent, with 5-7 basalnerves, to 12x8 cm; lateral nerves 4-6.Figs in axillary pairs, sessile, globose, silkypubescent, 1.5cm across; basal bracts suborabicular, to 5x7 mm. It is found in India, Srilanka, Pakistan, common in all districts of Karnataka stateplanted as an avenue tree. Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 109
  • 131. Review of LiteratureTable 75 USEFUL PARTSl.n DRUG NAME BP.N R.N I.M.M1 Amlika Fruits, Seeds Bark, Fruit Fruit pulp, Seeds, Leaves, Flowers pulp, Seeds Leaves Kshara Leaves Flowers, Bark2 Ankola Root bark, Root, Bark, Root, Root bark leaves, Seeds, Flowers, Fruits, Seeds, Leaves Seed oil Oil,3 Aparajita Root, Flowers Root, Leaves Root, Bark, Leaves, Seeds Seed Seeds, Leaves4 Aragvadha Seeds, Bark Root bark, Pulp, Root bark Leaves, Root Seed, Fruit pulp Flowers. Pods Leaves, Root5 Arjuna Bark Bark, Leaves Bark Fruits6 Aristaka Fruits Fruits Fruits7 Atibala Root, Leaves - Root,Bark,Leaves, Seeds, Flowers Seeds Fruits8 Avartaki - - Root,Leaves,Flowers, Bark, Seeds9 Avartani Fruit, Root bark - Fruits, Root bark,Juice,Seeds Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 110
  • 132. Review of LiteratureSl DRUG NAME BP.N R.N I.M.MNo10 Ashwath Bark, Bark ash Fruit,Leaves,Bark Root bark Leaves, Fruits Latex,Ash,Seeds11 Badar Fruit,Bark,Seeds Fruit,Bark,Root Fruit, Bark. Leaves Leaves12 Bruhati Fruit,Root,Leaves Panchaga Fruit, Root13 Bilva Root, Bark, Fruit Bark,Leaves,Sara Fruit, Root bark, Leaves, Flowers Fruit , Leaves, Rind of ripe fruit. Flowers14 Bhumyamalaki Panchanga Panchanga Whole plant15 Bimbi Panchanga - Leaves, Root, Fruit16 Chakramarda Panchanga Seeds,Fruits,Root Leaves,Seeds,Root Bark17 Chandan Seed, Oil. Bark, Oil, Wood, Volatile oil,18 Chirabilava Bark,Root,Leaves - Bark, Seeds19 Dhava Sara Flower, Gum20 Dhatura Seeds,Flowers,Leaves Root,Leaves,Seeds Whole plant,21 Dhanvana Fruit,Bark,Leaves - Bark22 Dugdhika Root, - Root,Seeds,Leaves23 Dronapushpi Panchanga - Flowers, Leaves Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 111
  • 133. Review of LiteratureSl DRUG NAME BP.N R.N I.M.MNo24 Gambhari Fruit, Root, Bark, Leaves, Root,Bark,Fruit Bark, Leaves Flowers, Leaves Fruit, Fruit pulp25 Guduchi Root, Stem, Tana(Dandi) Stem, Root26 Gojihwa Panchanga Panchanga Root, Leaves27 Goksura Root, Fruit, Fruit, Root, Fruit,Root,and Panchanga Whole plant28 Haritaki Fruit, Fruit, bark Dried fruits, Immature fruits29 Ishwari Panchanga - Root, Rhizome Leaves,30 Ingudi Fruit pulp, Fruit pulp, Seeds, Bark, Bark,Unrippend Oil Leaves, Fruit Fruit, Oil31 Jambu Fruit,Pulp,Bark, - Fruit, Leaves, Leaves Dried seeds, Bark32 Karanja Leaves, Stem, Seeds, Seeds Seeds,Stem,Leaves Root bark, Oil, Seed oil Fruit, Root, Seed oil Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 112
  • 134. Review of LiteratureSl DRUG NAME BP.N R.N I.M.MNo33 Kasamarda Leaves, Root, Seeds - Leaves, Seeds Root34 Kapitha Fruit, Pulp, Leaves, Flower Fruit,Gum,Leaves Leaves, Fruit Bark, Pulp35 Kanchanar Bark, Leaves Root bark, Bark,Roots,Buds Flowers Leaves, Flowers Gum,Leaves,Seeds Flowers36 Karavellaka Fruit, Leaves, - Fruit,Seeds,Leaves37 Karira Twigs, Fruit, Flowers, Fruit, Whole plant, Root bark, Bark, Seeds,Panchaga Fruits,38 Kutuja Seeds,(Indrayava) Wet bark, soft Bark, Seeds, Leaves, Bark, branch ends, Vrunta,seeds39 Karamarda Fruit, Root, Leaves Leaves, Flowers - Ripened fruit,40 Kataka Seeds Fruit, Seeds. Fruits, Seeds41 Krishna sariva Root, Panchanga Root42 Khadira Khadira Sara - Extract,Bark,Wood, Flowering tops and Gum Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 113
  • 135. Review of LiteratureSl DRUG NAME BP.N R.N I.M.MNo43 Lajjalu Root. Leaves,Tana Root,Leaves44 Latakaranja Fruit pulp, Laves, Root Fruit, Seeds, Roots, Bark, bark Leaves45 Mamsarohini Bark, Panchanga Bark46 Madhuka Flowers,Fruits, Flowers,Seeds Flowers,Fruits, Oil, Seed oil,Leaves, Bark47 Meshashringi Leaves, Root bark Moola twak, Root, Leaves, Acid principle48 Nimba Bark,Root Bark,Leaves, Whole plant, mainly bark,Leaves,Gum Flowers,Fruit, Bark and Leaves Fruit,Seeds,Flowers, Seeds,Oil Seed oil,49 Neelini Root,Leaves, Seeds, Panchang Whole plant, Nila ranga Expressed juice50 Nadihingu Gum, Gum, Resinous exudation from fruits.51 Palasha Flowers,Seeds,Gum Seeds,Bark, Gum,Seeds, Leaves,Flowers, Flowers,Bark Gum Leaves.52 Patalgarudi Root,Leaves Panchanga Root, Leaves. Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 114
  • 136. Review of LiteratureSl DRUG NAME BP.N R.N I.M.MNo53 Plaksha Bark, Fruit,Bark, Bark,Leaves,54 Parisha Bark,Ripned - Fruit,bark, Fruits Juice, Heartwood55 Prishnaparni Panchanga, - Whole plant Mainly root56 Punarnava Leaves,Root Panchang Whole Herb Mainly Root Root,57 Rakta gunja Root, - Roots,Seeds, Leaves58 Rakta karavira Root bark, Leaves Root bark Root,Root bark Leaves59 Satala Leaves,Pods Bark,Flowers, Pods,Leaves Milky latex60 Shirisha Bark,seeds. Panchanga,twak. -61 Sharapunkha Panchang,Root Leaves,Root, Root,Leaves, Seeds,Panchang Whole plant62 Shweta shigru Root,Fresh root - Bark,Root,Fruit bark,Fruit,Leaves Flowers,Leaves Seeds,Gum Seeds,Gum Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 115
  • 137. Review of LiteratureSl DRUG NAME BP.N R.N I.M.MNo63 Shakha Panchanga - Wood,Oil of Nuts,Bruised seeds64 Shatavari Tuber,Ankura Root,Leaves, Roots,Leaves Ankura65 Sleshmantaka Fruit,Bark,Leaves Bark,Leaves, Fruit,Fruit Fruit pulp Fruit,Fruit pulp mucilage,Kernal Bark,66 Sariva Root, Panchanga Root,Root bark, Juice67 Tarkari Panchanga,Root Bark,Sara Leaves, Root Leaves68 Tinduka Unripned fruit, Sara,Kshara, Fruit,Bark, Ripned fruit Fruit,Fruitpulp Dried seeds69 Udumbar Panchang Seeds,Flowers, Root,Root bark, Bark,Leaves Leaves,Fruit, Milky latex, Galls70 Vasa Leaves,Flowers, Root bark, Leaves,Root, Root bark, Leaves Flowers,Bark71 Vanapalandu Tuber, - Bulb,72 Vata Panchanga Bark,Jata, Milky juice, Milk Bark latex,Seed,Fruit Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 116
  • 138. Review of Literature Table 76 PROPERTIES ACCORDING TO DIFFERENT NIGHANTUS Drug Name: - AmlikaPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa Amla - Madhur Amla Amla -Guna Laghu Guru - Guru RukshaVeerya Ushna - - Ushna UshnaVipaka - - - -Doshghnata Pitta vardhaka, - Vata nashaka, Vata nashka Kaphavatanashaka vata shamaka Pitta prakopaka Kaphapitta vardhaka Table 77 Drug Name: - AnkolaPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa Katu Katu, kashaya Katu Tikta,kashaya Katu,kashaya katuGuna Tikshana, Snigdha,tikshna, Snigdha Snigdha,tikshna, Tikhsna,snigdha snigdha laghu laghuVeerya Ushna Ushna - Ushna UshnaVipaka - - - Madhura GuruDoshghnata Vatashamaka Kaphashmaka Kaphavatashamaka Kapha,pitta Kapha,pitta shamaka shamaka Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 117
  • 139. Review of Literature Table 78 Drug Name: - AparajitaPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa Tikta - Tikta Tikta Katu,tikta,kashayaGuna - - - - -Veerya Sheeta - Sheeta Sheeta SheetaVipaka - - - - KatuDoshghnata Tridoshashamaka, - Tridoshashamaka, Tridoshashamaka Tridoshashamaka, Mainly Mainly Mainly pittashamaka pittashamaka pittashamaka Table 79 Drug Name: - AragvadhaPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa Tikta Madhura Madhura Tiktamadhura MadhuraGuna Guru Guru - Guru GuruVeerya Ushna - Sheeta Sheeta SheetaVipaka - Katu - Madhura -Doshghnata Tridhosha Vatashamaka Kaphashamaka Tridoshashamak Vatashamaka shamaka Table 80 Drug Name: - ArjunaPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa Kashaya - Kashaya Kashaya KashayaGuna - - - - -Veerya Ushna Sheeta Ushna Sheeta SheetaVipaka - - - - -Doshghnata Kaphapitta - Kaphapittashamaka, Kaphapitta Kaphapittashamaka shamaka vatavardhaka shamaka Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 118
  • 140. Review of Literature Table 81 Drug Name: - AristakaPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa - - Tikta,katu - TiktaGuna - - Snigdha Tikshna, laghu SnigdhaVeerya - Ushna Ushna Ushna UshnaVipaka - - - Katu -Doshghnata - Tridoshashamaka Kaphavatashamaka Tridoshashamaka Tridoshashamaka Table 82 Drug Name: - AtibalaPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa Madhura, Madhura Tikta,katu Madhura Madhura kashayaGuna Snigdha Snigdha - Snigdha SnigdhaVeerya - Sheeta - Sheeta SheetaVipaka - - - Madhura -Doshghnata Vatashamaka Vatanashka Vatanashka Tridoshashamaka Vatahara Table 83 Drug Name: - AvartakiPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa Kashaya - Kashaya amla Tikta kashaya -Guna - - - - -Veerya Sheeta - Sheeta - -Vipaka - - - - -Doshghnata Tridosha - Pittashamaka Kaphapitta - shamaka shamaka Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 119
  • 141. Review of Literature Table 84 Drug Name: - AvartaniPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa - Madhura - Kashaya KashayaGuna - Sara,Guru - - -Veerya - Ushna - Sheeta SheetaVipaka - - - - -Doshghnata - Tridoshghna - Tridoshghna Tridoshghna Table 85 Drug Name: - AshwathPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa Kashaya - Madhura,kashaya Kashaya KashayaGuna - - - Guru,ruksha Guru,rukshaVeerya Sheeta Sheeta Sheeta Sheeta SheetaVipaka - - - Durjara DurjaraDoshghnata Table 86 Drug Name: - BadarPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa Madhura - Madhura,amla Kashaya MadhuraGuna Snigdha Laghu - Snigdha GuruVeerya - Ushna Ushna Ushna UshnaVipaka - - - - -Doshghnata Vatapitta Vatashamaka, Kaphakaraka Kaphashamaka Vatanashaka, shamaka Kaphapittaka Kaphapittakara Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 120
  • 142. Review of Literature Table 87 Drug Name: - BruhatiPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa - - Katu,tikta Katu,tikta Katu,tiktaGuna - - - - -Veerya - Ushna Ushna Ushna UshnaVipaka - - - - -Doshghnata Kaphavata Kaphavata Vata shamaka Vata shamaka Kaphavatashamaka shamaka shamaka Table 88 Drug Name: - BilvaPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa Madhura Tikta Madhura,kashaya Kashaya,tikta Kashaya,tiktaGuna Laghu Laghu,snigdha Guru, Ruksha, Lagu,rukshaVeerya Ushna Ushna Ushna Ushna UshnaVipaka - Durjara - Durjara -Doshghnata Tridosha Tridosha Tridoshashamaka Vatakaphanashak, Vatakaphanashaka, shamaka shamaka Pittakaraka Pittakaraka Table 89 Drug Name: - BhumyamalakiPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa Madhura,tikta Tikta,kashaya, Kashaya,amla Tikta,kashaya Tikta,kashaya madhura madhura madhuraGuna - - - Laghu -Veerya Sheeta Sheeta Sheeta Sheeta SheetaVipaka - - - - -Doshghnata Pittakapha Vatakaraka - Pittashamaka Pittakaphashamaka shamaka Vatakaraka Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 121
  • 143. Review of Literature Table 90 Drug Name: - BimbiPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa - Madhura Katu, tikta Tikta TiktaGuna - Guru - Guru -Veerya - Sheeta - Sheeta SheetaVipaka - - - Katu -Doshghnata Kaphapitta Pittashamaka, Kaphashamaka, Pittanashaka, Vatapittashamaka shamaka vatakaraka vatavardhaka Table 91 Drug Name: - ChakramardaPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa Katu - Katu Katu KatuGuna - - Tikshna Guru Laghu,rukshaVeerya Ushna - - Sheeta SheetaVipaka - - - - -Doshghnata Vatakapha - Vatakaphashamka Vatakaphashamka, Tridoshashamaka shamaka Pittavardhaka Table 92 Drug Name: - ChandanPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa Madhura,tikta Tikta Katu,tikta,kashaya Madhura,tikta TiktaGuna - Laghu,ruksha Guru,snigdha Guru,sukshma Laghu,rukshaVeerya Sheeta Sheeta Sheeta Sheeta SheetaVipaka - - - - -Doshghnata Vatapitta Kaphapitta Pittashamaka Kaphapitta Kaphapittashamaka shamaka shamaka shamaka Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 122
  • 144. Review of Literature Table 93 Drug Name: - ChirabilvaPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa - - - - Tikta, kashayaGuna Tikshana - - - -Veerya - - - - UshnaVipaka - - - - KatuDoshghnata Vatakapha - - - Pittashamaka shamaka Table 94 Drug Name: - DhavaPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa - - Kashaya,katu Kashaya, Kashaya,madhura madhuraGuna - - - Guru,ruksha -Veerya Sheeta Sheeta - Sheeta SheetaVipaka - - - - -Doshghnata Pittakapha Kaphapitta Kaphavatanashaka, Kaphapitta Pitta,kaphanashaka shamaka shamaka pittakophaka shamka Table 95 Drug Name: - DhaturaPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa Katu - Katu Kashaya, Kashaya,madhura, madhura,tikta tiktaGuna - Guru - Guru GuruVeerya Ushna Ushna Ushna - UshnaVipaka - - - - -Doshghnata - Kaphashmaka - Kaphashmaka Vatakaraka, Kaphashmaka Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 123
  • 145. Review of Literature Table 96 Drug Name: - DhanvanaPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa - Kashaya Katu,kashaya Madhura, Kashaya kashayaGuna - Laghu - Laghu,ruksha Laghu,rukshaVeerya - - Ushna Sheeta SheetaVipaka - - - - -Doshghnata - Kaphapitta Kaphashamka Kaphavata Kaphapittashamaka shamaka shamaka Table 97 Drug Name: - DugdhikaPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa - - - Madhura,tikta, Katu,tikta katu,lavanaGuna - - - Guru,ruksha Guru,rukshaVeerya - - - Ushna UshnaVipaka - - - - -Doshghnata - - - Vatakaraka, Vatakaraka kaphanashaka Table 98 Drug Name: - DronapushpiPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa - - Katu Madhura,lavana, Madhura,lavana, katu katuGuna - - - Guru,ruksha Guru,rukshaVeerya - - Ushna Ushna UshnaVipaka - - - Madhura MadhuraDoshghnata - - Vatakaphashamaka Kaphashamaka, Vatapittakaraka, Vatapittavardhaka Kaphashamaka Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 124
  • 146. Review of Literature Table 99 Drug Name: - GambhariPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa Tikta Madhura Katu, tikta Madhura,tikta, Kashaya,amla kashayaGuna Guru Guru Guru Snigdha,Guru Guru,SnigdhaVeerya Ushna Ushna Ushna Sheeta SheetaVipaka - - - Madhura MadhuraDoshghnata Tridosha Vatapitta Tridoshashamaka Tridosha Vatapittashamaka shamaka shamaka shamaka Table 100 Drug Name: - GuduchiPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa Tikta kashaya Kashaya, tikta Tikta, kashaya Kashaya,katu, Katu,tikta,kashaya tiktaGuna Guru Laghu,tikshna Guru Laghu LaghuVeerya Ushna Ushna Ushna Ushna UshnaVipaka - Madhura - Madhura MadhuraDoshghnata Tridosha Tridosha Tridoshashamaka Tridosha Tridoshashamaka shamaka shamaka shamaka Table 101 Drug Name: - GojihwaPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa - - Katu Kashaya,tikta, Kashaya,tikta, madhura madhuraGuna - Laghu Tikshana Laghu Laghu,mruduVeerya - Sheeta Sheeta Sheeta SheetaVipaka - - - Madhura MadhuraDoshghnata - Kaphapittashamaka Pittashamaka Kaphapittashamaka Kaphapitta shamaka Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 125
  • 147. Review of Literature Table 102 Drug Name: - GokshuraPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa - Madhura Madhura Madhura MadhuraGuna - - - - -Veerya Sheeta Sheeta Sheeta Sheeta SheetaVipaka - - - - -Doshghnata Tridosha Vatashamaka - Tridosha Vatashamaka shamaka shamaka Table 103 Drug Name: - HaritakiPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa Lavanavarjita Lavanavarjita Lavanavarjita Lavanavarjita Lavanavarjita panchrasa panchrasa, panchrasa,Kashaya panchrasa, panchrasa, Kashaya pradhana Kashaya Kashayapradhana pradhana pradhanaGuna Laghu,ruksha Laghu,ruksha - Laghu,ruksha rukshaVeerya - Ushna Ushna Ushna UshnaVipaka - Madhura - Madhura MadhuraDoshghnata Tridosha Tridosha - Tridosha Tridoshashamaka shamaka shamaka shamaka Table 104 Drug Name: - IshwariPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa - - - - KatuGuna - - - - -Veerya - - - - -Vipaka - - - - -Doshghnata - - - - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 126
  • 148. Review of Literature Table 105 Drug Name: - IngudiPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa - - Katu Madhura,tikta TiktaGuna - - Laghu Snigdha -Veerya - Ushna Ushna Ushna UshnaVipaka - - - Katu KatuDoshghnata - Kaphavata Kaphavatashamaka Kaphavata Kaphaghna shamaka shamaka Table 106 Drug Name: - JambuPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa Madhura,amla Madhura Madhura,kashaya Madhura,amla, Madhura kashayaGuna - Guru,ruksha - Guru,ruksha GuruVeerya - - Ushna - -Vipaka - - - - -Doshghnata Kaphapitta Kaphapitta Kaphapitta Kaphapitta Kaphapittashamaka, shamaka,Vata shamaka shamaka shamaka, Vatakaraka vardhaka Vatakaraka Table 107 Drug Name: - KaranjaPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa Tikta Katu Katu Katu,tikta, Katu kashayaGuna - Tikshna Snigdha Tikshna TikshnaVeerya Ushna Ushna Ushna Ushna UshnaVipaka - - - Katu KatuDoshghnata Kaphapitta Kaphanashaka Vatanashaka Kaphapittana Kaphavatashamaka shamaka shamaka Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 127
  • 149. Review of Literature Table 108 Drug Name: - KasamardaPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa Tikta,madhura - Tikta Katu,tikta,madhura MadhuraGuna - Laghu - Ruksha LaghuVeerya - - Ushna Ushna -Vipaka - - Madhura Katu -Doshghnata Tridosha Tridoshashmaka Tridoshashmaka Vatakaphshamaka Tridoshashmaka shamaka Table 109 Drug Name: - KapithaPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa Madhura,amla Madhura,amla, Madhura,amla, Kashaya,amla, Amla,kashaya kashaya kashaya,tikta madhuraGuna Guru Guru Guru Guru GuruVeerya - Ushna Sheeta Ushna -Vipaka - Chirapaki - Katu ChirapakiDoshghnata Kaphavata Vatapitta Vatapittashamaka Tridosha Vatapittashamaka shamaka shamaka shamaka Table 110 Drug Name: - KanchanarPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa Kashaya Kashaya Kashaya Kashaya, Kashaya madhuraGuna - Laghu, ruksha - Guru,ruksha Laghu,rukshaVeerya - Sheeta - Sheeta SheetaVipaka - - - Madhura -Doshghnata - Kaphapitta - pittashamaka Kaphapittashamaka shamaka Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 128
  • 150. Review of Literature Table 111 Drug Name: - KaravellakaPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa - Tikta Katu, tikta Katu, tikta TiktaGuna - Laghu Sara Laghu LaghuVeerya - Sheeta Ushna Sheeta SheetaVipaka - - - Katu -Doshghnata - - - Kaphavata Kaphapittashamaka shamaka Table 112 Drug Name: - KariraPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa Madhura,tikta, Katu Kashaya,katu Katu,tikta Katu,tikta katuGuna Tikshna Tikshna - - -Veerya Ushna Ushna Ushna Ushna UshnaVipaka - - - Katu -Doshghnata Vatakapha Vatakapha Vatashamaka, Kaphavata Kaphavatashamaka nashaka shamaka kaphakaraka shamaka Table 113 Drug Name: - KutajaPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa Tikta,katu, Katu,kashaya Katu,tikta,kashaya Kashaya,katu Katu,kashaya kashayaGuna Ruksha Ruksha,Laghu - Ruksha RukshaVeerya Sheeta Sheeta Ushna Sheeta SheetaVipaka - - - - -Doshghnata - Kaphashamaka, - Kapha,pitta Pitta,kaphashmaka vatakaraka shamaka Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 129
  • 151. Review of Literature Table 114 Drug Name: - IndrayavaPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa Tikta,katu, Katu Katu,tikta Katu,tikta KatuGuna - - - - -Veerya Ushna Sheeta Sheeta Ishat Ushna SheetaVipaka - - - - -Doshghnata Tridoshaghna Tridosha Tridoshashamaka Tridosha Tridoshanashaka shamaka shamaka Table 115 Drug Name: - KaramardaPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa Madhura Madhura - Madhura MadhuraGuna - Laghu - Laghu LaghuVeerya Sheeta Ushna - Ushna -Vipaka - - - - -Doshghnata - Vatapitta Tridoshashamaka Vatapitta Vatapittashamaka shamaka shamaka Table 116 Drug Name: - KatakaPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa Tikta Madhura, Katu,tikta,madhura Kashaya,tikta, Madhura,kashaya kashaya madhuraGuna Mridu Guru - Laghu,Vikashi, Guru vishadaVeerya sheeta Sheeta Ushna Sheeta -Vipaka - - - Guru -Doshghnata - Vatakapha - Vatakapha Vatakaphashamaka shamaka shamaka Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 130
  • 152. Review of Literature Table 117 Drug Name: - Krishna sarivaPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa Kashaya Madhura Madhura Madhura , tikta MadhuraGuna - Snigdha,guru - Snigdha,guru Snigdha,guruVeerya Sheeta - - Sheeta -Vipaka - - - - -Doshghnata Kaphvata Tridosha Kaph vatashamaka Tridosha Tridoshashamaka shamaka shamaka shamaka Table 118 Drug Name: - KhadhiraPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa Tikta Madhura Katu,tikta,kashya Tikta,kashya Tikta,kashyaGuna - Vishada - - -Veerya - Sheeta Sheeta Sheeta SheetaVipaka - - - - -Doshghnata Kaphpitta Kaphpitta Kaphpitta shamaka Kaphpitta Kaphpitta shamaka shamaka shamaka shamaka Table 119 Drug Name: - LajjaluPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa Katu Tikta,kashaya Katu - Tikta, kashayaGuna - - - - -Veerya Sheeta Sheeta Sheeta - SheetaVipaka - - - - -Doshghnata Kaphapitta Kaphapitta Kapha - Kapha pittashamaka shamaka shamaka pittashamaka Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 131
  • 153. Review of Literature Table 120 Drug Name: - LatakaranjaPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa - - Katu Kashaya,katu, - tiktaGuna - - - - RukshaVeerya - Ushna Ushna - UshnaVipaka - - - - -Doshghnata - Vatashamaka Kaphavatashamaka Kaphapitta Vatashamaka shamaka Table 121 Drug Name: - MamsarohiniPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa Katu,tikta, - Kashaya Kashaya, Tikta,kashaya kashaya madhuraGuna - Sara - - -Veerya Ushna - Sheeta - SheetaVipaka - - - Madhura -Doshghnata Vatashamaka Tridoshashamka Vatanashaka - Tridoshanashaka Table 122 Drug Name: - MadhukaPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa Madhura, Kashaya Madhura Madhura, Madhura kashayaGuna Guru Guru - Guru,vikasi, Guru snigdha,tikshnaVeerya Sheeta Sheeta Sheeta Sheeta SheetaVipaka - - - Madhura -Doshghnata Pittashamaka, Vatapitta Vatapittashamaka Vatakapha Vatapittashamaka vatavardhaka shamaka shamaka Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 132
  • 154. Review of Literature Table 123 Drug Name: - MeshashringiPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa Madhura Tikta Katu, tikta Kashaya, tikta TiktaGuna - Ruksha - - RukshaVeerya Sheeta - - - -Vipaka - Katu - - KatuDoshghnata - Pittakapha Kaphashamaka Pittakapha Pittakaphashamaka shamaka shamaka Table 124 Drug Name: - NimbaPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa Tikta - Tikta Tikta TiktaGuna Laghu Laghu,snigdha - Laghu Laghu,SnigdhaVeerya Sheeta Sheeta Sheeta Sheeta SheetaVipaka - Katu - Katu KatuDoshghnata Kaphapitta Kaphapitta Kaphapitta Kaphapitta Tridoshashamka shamaka shamaka,vatala shamaka shamaka,vatala Table 125 Drug Name: - NiliniPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa Tikta Tikta Tikta, Katu Tikta TiktaGuna - - - - -Veerya Ushna Ushna Ushna Ushna UshnaVipaka - - - Katu -Doshghnata - Tridosha Kaphavatashamaka Kaphavata Kaphavatashamaka shamaka shamaka Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 133
  • 155. Review of Literature Table 126 Drug Name: - NadihinguPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa Katu Katu Katu Katu,tikta KatuGuna - Tikshna - - TikshnaVeerya Ushna Ushna Ushna Ushna UshnaVipaka - - - - -Doshghnata Kaphavata Kaphavata Kaphavatashamaka Kaphashamaka Kaphavatashamaka shamaka shamaka Table 127 Drug Name: - PalashaPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa Kashaya - Kashaya Kashaya.tikta, Kashaya.tikta,katu katuGuna Sara Sara - Sara,Snigdha Sara,snigdhaVeerya Ushna Ushna Ushna Ushna UshnaVipaka - - - Katu KatuDoshghnata Vatakapha Kaphapitta - Kaphavata Kapahavatashamaka shamaka shamaka shamaka Table 128 Drug Name: - PatalgarudiPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa - - Madhura - MadhuraGuna - - - - -Veerya - - - - UshnaVipaka - - - - -Doshghnata - Kaphashamaka Pittashamaka - Kaphavatashamka Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 134
  • 156. Review of Literature Table 129 Drug Name: - PlakshaPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa Katu,kashaya - Katu,kashaya Kashaya KashayaGuna - - - - -Veerya Sheeta Sheeta Sheeta Sheeta SheetaVipaka - - - - -Doshghnata Pittashamaka Kaphapitta - Kaphapitta Kaphapittashamaka shamaka shamaka Table 130 Drug Name: - ParishaPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa - - - Kashaya MadhuraGuna - Snigdha - Snigdha SnigdhaVeerya - - - - -Vipaka - - - - -Doshghnata - Kaphakaraka - Kaphakaraka Kaphakaraka Table 131 Drug Name: - PrishnaparniPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa Madhura Madhura Katu,amla,tikta Madhura MadhuraGuna Laghu Laghu - Sara -Veerya Ushna Ushna Ushna Ushna UshnaVipaka - - - - -Doshghnata Tridhosha Tridhosha Vatashamaka Tridhosha Tridhoshashamaka shamaka shamaka shamaka Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 135
  • 157. Review of Literature Table 132 Drug Name: - PunarnavaPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa Tikta Tikta, Tikta Madhura,tikta, Tikta kashaya,katuGuna Ruksha Laghu - Ruksha LaghuVeerya Ushna Sheeta - Ushna SheetaVipaka - Katu - - KatuDoshghnata Kaphashamaka Kaphapitta pittashamaka Vatakapha Kaphapittashamaka nashaka,vatala nashaka vatala Table 133 Drug Name: - Rakta gunjaPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa Tikta - - Kashaya,tikta MadhuraGuna Ruksha - - - -Veerya Ushna - - Anuushna UshnaVipaka - - - - -Doshghnata - Pittakaphashma - Kaphapittanasha Vatapittashamaka ka ka Table 134 Drug Name: - Rakta karaviraPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa Tikta,katu - Katu Tikta Tikta,kashaya,katuGuna - Laghu Tikshna - -Veerya Ushna Ushna - Ushna UshnaVipaka - - - Katu -Doshghnata - - - - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 136
  • 158. Review of Literature Table 135 Drug Name: - SatalaPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa Tikta Tikta Tikta - TiktaGuna - Laghu Laghu - LaghuVeerya - Sheeta - - SheetaVipaka - Katu Katu - KatuDoshghnata Kaphapitta Kaphapitta Kaphapitta - Kaphapittashamaka, shodaka shamaka,vatala shamaka vatala Table 136 Drug Name: - ShirishaPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa Tikta - Katu Kashaya, Madhura,tikta, Tikta, madhura kashayaGuna Laghu - - Laghu LaghuVeerya Ushna Sheeta Sheeta Anushna AnushnaVipaka - - - - -Doshghnata Tridoshashama - Vatashamaka Vatashamaka Tridoshaghna ka Table 137 Drug Name: - SharapunkhaPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa - Tikta, kashaya Katu - Tikta, kashayaGuna - Laghu - - LaghuVeerya - - Ushna - UshnaVipaka - - - - -Doshghnata - - Vatashamaka - Kaphagna,pittasaraka Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 137
  • 159. Review of Literature Table 138 Drug Name: - Shweta shigruPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa Tikta katu - Katu Katu,tikta, Katu,madhura madhuraGuna - Tikshna,laghu Tikshna Tikshna, laghu Tikshna laghuVeerya Ushna Ushna - Ushna UshnaVipaka - - - Katu KatuDoshghnata Kaphavata Kaphavata vatanashaka Kaphavata Kaphavatashamaka shamaka shamaka shamaka,pitta Pittavardhaka vardhaka Table 139 Drug Name: - ShakhaPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa - - Madhura,kashaya Kashaya -Guna - - - - -Veerya Sheeta Sheeta - Sheeta SheetaVipaka - - - - -Doshghnata Kaphavata Kaphavata Pittakaphashamaka Kaphavata Pittashamaka shamaka shamaka shamaka Table 140 Drug Name: - ShatavariPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa Madhura tikta Madhura Madhura Tikta madhura Madhura tiktaGuna - Guru snigdha - Guru snigdha Guru snigdhaVeerya Sheeta Sheeta Sheeta Sheeta SheetaVipaka - - - - -Doshghnata Vatapitta Vatapitta Tridosha shamaka Vatapitta Vatapittashamaka shamaka shamaka shamaka Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 138
  • 160. Review of Literature Table 141 Drug Name: - SleshmantakaPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa Madhura - Katu, madhura, Madhura, tikta Madhura, kashaya, kashaya tiktaGuna Ruksha pichila - - Laghu -Veerya Sheeta Ushna Sheeta Sheeta SheetaVipaka - - - Katu -Doshghnata - Vatapittashamak Kaphakaraka Pittakapha Kaphapittashamaka shamaka,vatala Table 142 Drug Name: - SarivaPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa Madhura Madhura Madhura Madhura,tikta MadhuraGuna - Snigdha,guru - Snigdha,guru Snigdha,guruVeerya - - - Sheeta -Vipaka - - - - -Doshghnata Kaphavata Tridosha Kaphavatashamaka Tridosha Tridoshashamaka shamaka shamaka shamaka Table 143 Drug Name: - TarkariPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa Tikta,katu - Katu,tikta Katu,tikta,kasha Katu,tikta,kashaya, ya,madhura madhuraGuna - - - - -Veerya Ushna Ushna Ushna Ushna UshnaVipaka - - - - -Doshghnata Vatashamaka Kaphavata Kaphavatashamaka Kaphavata Kaphavatashamaka shamaka shamaka Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 139
  • 161. Review of Literature Table 144 Drug Name: - TindukaPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa Madhura - Kashaya Kashaya,tikta MadhuraGuna - Guru - Snigdha GuruVeerya - Sheeta - Ushna SheetaVipaka Guru - - Madhura -Doshghnata Kaphapitta Vatanashaka Vatakaraka Vatashamaka Pittakaphanashaka shamaka Table 145 Drug Name: - UdumbarPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa Madhura - Madhura Kashaya, Madhura,kashaya madhuraGuna - Guru - Ruksha,guru Guru,rukshaVeerya Sheeta Sheeta Sheeta Sheeta SheetaVipaka - - - - -Doshghnata Pittashamaka Kaphapitta Pittanashaka Kaphapitta Pittakaphashamaka shamakaa shamakaa Table 146 Drug Name: - VanapalanduPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa - - Katu - TiktaGuna - - - - -Veerya - - Ushna - UshnaVipaka - - - - -Doshghnata - - - - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 140
  • 162. Review of Literature Table 147 Drug Name: - VasaPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa Tikta - Tikta,katu Kashaya.tikta Tikta,kashayaGuna - Sara - Laghu LaghuVeerya Sheeta - Sheeta Sheeta SheetaVipaka - - - - -Doshghnata Pittakapha Kaphapitta Kaphashamaka Kaphapitta Kaphapittashamaka, shamaka shamaka,vatala shamaka,vatala vatala Table 148 Drug Name: - VataPROPERTIES DN MN RN KN BP.NRasa Kashaya - Kashaya,madhura Kashaya KashayaGuna - Guru - Ruksha,guru GuruVeerya Sheeta Sheeta Sheeta Sheeta SheetaVipaka - - - - -Doshghnata - Kaphapitta Kaphapitta Kaphapitta Kaphapittashamaka shamaka shamaka shamaka Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 141
  • 163. Review of Literature Table No. 149 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-AmlikaSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Ruchikaraka + - + + -2 Prameha nashaka - - - + -3 Agni deepaka - - - + +4 Grahi - - - + -5 Hridya - + - + -6 Shrama nashaka - + - + -7 Saraka - - - - +8 Bhedhana + - + - -9 Shotha nashaka - - + - -10 Visthambha nashaka - - - - +Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Aruchi - + + + -2 Vibhandha + - + - +3 Basti shudhikara + + - + -4 Trishna - + - - -5 Grahani vikara - + - - -6 Vrana - - + - -7 Shula - - + - -8 Hridroga - + - + -9 Prameha - - - + -10 Rakta vikara - + - - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 142
  • 164. Review of Literature Table No. 150 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-AnkolaSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Rechaka - + + + +2 Krumighna - + - + +3 Shulaghna - + - + +4 Shothaghna - + - + +5 Vishaghna + + - + +6 Vamaka - - - + -7 Kanthya + - - - -8 Brumhana (fruits ) - + - + +9 Balakaraka (fruits) - + - + +10 Shukrajanaka (fruits) - - - + -Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Grahavikaras + - - - +2 Ama - + - - +3 Rakta vikara - - - + +4 Visarpa - - - + +5 Kshaya (fruits) - + - - +6 Daha (fruits) - + - + +7 Kshatakshaya (fruits) - - - + -8 Visha vikara + + - + +9 Sutasya shodhna + - + - -10 Shotha - + - + + Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 143
  • 165. Review of Literature Table No. 151 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-AparajitaSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Chakshushya + - + + +2 Visha dosha nashaka + - + + +3 Jwaraghna - - + - -4 Dahaghna - - + - -5 Kasaghna - - + - -6 Shwasaghna - - + - -7 Vichardhika - - + - -8 Kanthya + - - + +9 Medhya - - - - +10 Kusthaghna - - - + +Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Pittopadrava + - + - -2 Netra vikara + - + + +3 Raktatisara - - + - -4 Unmada - - + - -5 Mutra roga - - - - +6 Graha - - - + -7 Madabhrama - - + - -8 Vrana - - - + +9 Shopha - - - + +10 Kustha - - - - + + Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 144
  • 166. Review of Literature Table No. 152 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-AragvadhaSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Rechaka - - - - +2 Grahi - + - + -3 Jwaraghna - + + + +4 Sramsana - - - + +5 Kusthaghna - - + + -6 Ruchi karaka - - - + +7 Kostha shudhikara - - - - + -8 Krumighna + - - - --9 Shula nashaka + - + - +10 Pramehaghna + - + + -Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Hridroga - + - + +2 Raktapitta - + - - +3 Udavarta - + - + +4 Gulma + - - + -5 Udar roga - - - + -6 Vrana - - - - + -7 Vistamba - - + - -8 Prameha + - + + -9 Shula + + + + +10 Jwara - + + + + Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 145
  • 167. Review of Literature Table No. 153 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-AristhakaSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Kusthaghna - - + - -2 Kandughna - - + - -3 Visphota nashaka - - + - -4 Grahanashaka - + - + +5 Garbhapataka - + - + +6 Lekhana - - - + -7 Vamaka - - - - +Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Visha vikara - - + - +2 Shwas - - - - +3 Kasa - - - - +4 Ardhava bhedhaka - - - - +5 Kustha - - + - +6 Gandamala - - - - +7 Sandhi shotha - - - - +8 Grahadosha - + - + +9 Kandu - - + - -10 Visphota - - + - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 146
  • 168. Review of Literature Table No. 154 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-ArjunaSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Hridya - - - - +2 Pramehaghna - - - + +3 Medoghna - - - + +4 Vishaghna - + - - +5 Kshataghna - + - + +6 Kshayaghna - + - + +7 Vranaghna + - + + +8 Shramaghna + - + - -9 Trishnaghna + - + - -Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Hridroga - - - + +2 Raktavikara - + - + +3 Medo vikara - - - + +4 Prameha - - - + +5 Vrana + - + + +6 Shrama + - + - -7 Swedadhikya - - - + -8 Bhaghna - + - + -9 Trishna + - + - -10 Kshaya - + - + + Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 147
  • 169. Review of Literature Table No. 155 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-AtibalaSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Balya + + - + +2 Vrushya + - - - -3 Ayushya vardhaka + - - + -4 Kanti karaka - + - + +5 Grahi - + - + +6 Krumighna - - + - -7 Dahanashaka - - + - -8 Vishaghna - - + - -9 Chardhighna - - + - -10 Kledaghna - - - + -Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Mutrakrichra + - - - -2 Vatasrugdhar + - - - -3 Amlapitta - + - - -4 Rakta vikara - + - + +5 Kshata - + - + -6 Krimi roga - - + - -7 Trishna - - + - -8 Vatarakta - - - + -9 Kshaya - - - + -10 Vrana - - - - + Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 148
  • 170. Review of Literature Table No. 156 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-AshwathaSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Sthambhana + - - - -2 Rukshana + - - - -3 Varnya - - - + +4 Yoni vishodhana - - - + +5 Dahashamaka - - + - -6 Hridya - - + - -7 Raktapitta nashaka - - + - -8 Vishaghna - - + - -9 Shothaghna - - + - -10 Rochana - - + - -Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Trishna + - - - -2 Chardhi + - + - -3 Murcha + - - - -4 Raktapitta + - + - -5 Visha vikara - - + - -6 Vrana - + - + +7 Rakta vikara - + + + +8 Yoni vikara - - + + +9 Shula - - + - -10 Varna vikara - - - + + Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 149
  • 171. Review of Literature Table No. 157 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-AvartakiSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Kusthaghni + - - + -2 Vrushya + - - - -3 Saraka - - - + -4 Kandughna - - - + -5 Vishaghna - - - + -Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Shotha + - - + -2 Gulma + - - + -3 Udar roga + - - + -4 Anaha - - - + -5 Trishna - - - + -6 Rakta vikara - - - + -7 Shwas - - - + -8 Prameha (flowers) - - - + -9 Madhumeha (seeds) - - - + -10 Atisara + - - - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 150
  • 172. Review of Literature Table No. 158 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-AvartaniSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BP.NNo1 Krumi nashaka - + - + +2 Kusthaghna - + - - -3 Jwaraghna - + - - -4 Kandughna - + - - -5 Hridya - + - - -6 Trushna nashaka - + - - -Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Krumi - + - + +2 Prameha - + - - -3 Hridroga - + - - -4 Trishna - + - - -5 Kustha - + - - -6 Kandu - + - - -7 Atisara - + - - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 151
  • 173. Review of Literature Table No. 159 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-BadaraSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Deepana + - - + -2 Samgrahi - + - + +3 Rochana - + + + +4 Pachaka - - + - -5 Saraka - - - + +6 Shoshaghna - - + - -7 Jwaraghna - - + - -8 Vishphota shamaka - - + - -9 Bhedhana - - - + -10 Shukra vardhaka - - - + -Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Amadosha + - - - -2 Trishna + - - + -3 Atisara - + + - +4 Aruchi - + + - +5 Rakta vikara - - + - -6 Shula - - + - -7 Netra roga - - + - -8 Shwas - - - + -9 Kasa - - - + -10 Kustha - - - + - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 152
  • 174. Review of Literature Table No. 160 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-BruhatiSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Shwasaghna + - - - -2 Shulaghna + - - + +3 Jwaraghna + - + - -4 Grahi - + - + +5 Hridya - + - + +6 Pachana - + - + +7 Rochana - - + + +8 Deepana - - - + -Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Chardhi + - - - -2 Hridroga + + + - +3 Agnimandya + + - + +4 Amadosha + + + + +5 Atisara - + - - +6 Kustha - + - - +7 Jwara + + + - +8 Shwas + + + + +9 Shula - + - + +10 Kasa - + + + + Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 153
  • 175. Review of Literature Table No. 161 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-BilvaSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Samgrahi + + + + +2 Deepanam + + + + -3 Visthambakara + + - + -4 Pachana - + - + +5 Hridya - + + + -6 Vrushya - + - - -7 Jwaraghna - - + - -8 Dahakaraka - + - - -9 Rochana - - + + -10 Balakaraka - - - - +Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Chardhi + - - + -2 Atisara + - + + +3 Agnimandya - + + + +4 Hridroga - + + + -5 Ama - + - + -6 Shula - + - + -7 Jwara - - + - -8 Mutrakrichra - - - + -9 Kasa - - - + -10 Amavata - - - + - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 154
  • 176. Review of Literature Table No. 162 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-BimbiSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Shophaghna + - - + -2 Jwaraghna + - - - -3 Sthambana - - + - + +4 Lekhana - + - + +5 Adhmanakara - + - - +6 Vamaka - + + + -7 Vishanashaka - - + + -8 Rochana - - + + +9 Samgrahi - - - + -10 Dahaghna - + - + -Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Shotha + - - + -2 Pandu + - - + -3 Shwas + - - + +4 Kasa + - - - -5 Raktapitta - + + + -6 Raktavikara - + - + +7 Kamala - + - + -8 Atisara - + - + +9 Jwara + - - - -10 Kshaya - - - - + - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 155
  • 177. Review of Literature Table No. 163 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-BhumyamalakiSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Drusthi daha vinashani + - - - -2 Dahanashaka - - + - -3 Rochaka - - - + -Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Mutradaha + - - - -2 Trishna - + - + +3 Kasa - + - + +4 Kshata - - - + +5 Raktapitta - + - - -6 Krimi - + - - -7 Pandu - + - + -8 Kshaya - + - + -9 Pittaja prameha - - + - -10 Hikka - - - + - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 156
  • 178. Review of Literature Table No. 164 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-ChandanSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Trishnashamaka + + + + +2 Dahashamaka + + + + +3 Vishaghna + + - + +4 Raktaprasadana + + - - -5 Vrushya + - + - -6 Ahladana - + - - +7 Hridya - + - - -8 Varnya - + - + -9 Jwaraghna - - + - -10 Rochana - - - + -Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Antardaha + - - - -2 Krimi + - + - -3 Pittavikara - - + - +4 Bhrama - - + - -5 Shukra kshaya + - + - -6 Shosha - - - - +7 Mukha roga - - + - -8 Trishna + + + + +9 Daha + + + + +10 Vishavikara + + - + + Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 157
  • 179. Review of Literature Table No. 165 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-ChakramardaSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Dadrughna + - + + +2 Kandughna + - + + +3 Kantikaraka + - - - -4 Soukumaryaka + - - - -5 Medoghna - - + - -6 Vranaghna - - + - -7 Kusthaghna - - + + +8 Hridya - - - + +9 Vishaghna - - - + +10 Balakaraka - - - + -Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Dadru + - + + +2 Shula - - + - -3 Jwara - - - + -4 Shwasa - - - + +5 Kasa - - - + +6 Prameha - - - + -7 Krimi - - - + +8 Aruchi - - - + --9 Gulma - - - + +10 Kustha - - + + + Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 158
  • 180. Review of Literature Table No. 166 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:ChirabilvaSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Sthambhaka - - - - +2 Chardhantaka - - - - +3 Krumighna - - - - +4 Arshoghna - - - - +5 Kusthaghna - - - - +6 Prameghna - - - - +Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Atisara - - - - +2 Chardhi - - - - +3 Krimi - - - - +4 Arshas - - - - +5 Kustha - - - - +6 Prameha - - - - + Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 159
  • 181. Review of Literature Table No. 167 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-DhavaSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Deepana - - + - -2 Visthambhi - - - + -3 Rochana - - + - -4 Arshoghna + - - - -5 Pramehaghna + + - + +Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Pandu + + - + +2 Rakta vikara - + - - -3 Prameha + + - + -4 Arshas + - - - +5 Aruchi - - + - -6 Agnimandya - - + - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 160
  • 182. Review of Literature Table No. 168 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:- DhanvanaSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Kasaghna - + - - +2 Dahanashaka - - + - -3 Shoshakaraka - - + - -4 Grahi - - + - -5 Raktapittashamaka - + - + +6 Dhatuvardhaka - - - + +7 Vranasandhanakaraka - - - + +8 Ropana - - - + +9 Balakaraka - - - + +Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Rakta vikara - + - + +2 Vrana - - - + +3 Kasa - + - - +4 Dhatukshaya - - - + +5 Daha - - + - -6 Atisara - - + - -7 Kantha roga - - + - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 161
  • 183. Review of Literature Table No. 169 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-DhaturaSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Kanti kari + - + + +2 Vranaghna + + + + +3 Kusthaghna + + - + +4 Jwaraghna + - + + +5 Vishaghna - + - + +6 Bhramakaraka - - + - -7 Unmadakaraka - - - + -8 Vatakaraka - - - - +9 Madakaraka - - - - +10 Aghnivardhaka - - - - +Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Vrana + + + + +2 Kustha + + - + -3 Jwara + - + + -4 Twak dosha + - + - -5 Kandu + + + + +6 Bhrama + - - - -7 Visha - + - + +8 Varna vikara + + + + +9 Krimi - + - + +10 Chardhi - + - - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 162
  • 184. Review of Literature Table No. 170 ACTION AND USESDrug name:- DronapushpiSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Bhedhaka - - - + +2 Rochana - - + - -3 Shothaghna - - - - +4 Krimighna - - - - +Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Vibhandha - - - + +2 Ama - - - - +3 Kamala - - - + +4 Shotha - - - + +5 Tamakashwas - - - + +6 Kasa - - - + -7 Krimi - - - - +8 Agnimandya - - + - -9 Aruchi - - + - -10 Vataja vikara - - + - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 163
  • 185. Review of Literature Table No. 171 ACTION AND USESDrug name:-Dugdhika Sl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPN No 1 Garbha karaka - - - - + 2 Mutrala - - - - + 3 Visthambhajanaka - - - + + 4 Vrushya - - - + + 5 kusthaghna - - - + + 6 Krimighna - - - + + 7 Hridya - - - + - 8 Malashodhaka - - - + + 9 Garbha nashaka - - - + - Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPN No 1 Vibhandha - - - + + 2 Hridroga - - - + - 3 Krimi - - - + + 4 Kustha - - - + + Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 164
  • 186. Review of Literature Table No. 172 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-Gambhari Sl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPN No 1 Deepana - - - + + 2 Pachaka - - - + + 3 Medhya - - - + + 4 Bhedhana - - - + + 5 Brimhana - + - + + 6 Vrushya - + - + + 7 Keshya - + - + + 8 Rasayana - + - + + 9 Hridya - - - + - 10 Shothaghna - + - - - Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPN No 1 Raktapitta + + + + + 2 Shrama + - - - - 3 Daha + - + + + 4 Shula + + + + + 5 Jwara + + + + - 6 Trishna + - + + + 7 Visha + - + + + 8 Pradara - + - - - 9 Amadosha - - - + + 10 Arshas - - - + - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 165
  • 187. Review of Literature Table No. 173 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-GokshuraSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Brumhana + - + - -2 Vrushya + - - + +3 Agnikrud (deepana) + - - - +4 Mutra kruchraghna + - + - -5 Balya - + + + +6 Basti shodhaka - + - - +7 Mutra vidaha nashaka - - + - -8 Rasayana - - + - -9 Pusthikaraka - - - + +10 Basti vataghna - - - + -Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Shula + - - - -2 Hridroga + + - + +3 Prameha + + + + +4 Shwas - + - + +5 Kasa - + - + +6 Raktapitta - + - - -7 Ashmari - - + + +8 Mutrakrichra + - + + +9 Arshas - - - - + Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 166
  • 188. Review of Literature Table No. 174 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-GojihwaSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Grahi - + - + +2 Hridya - + - + +3 Vranaropaka - - + + +4 Rochana - - - + -5 Pramehaghna - + - + +Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Kasa - + - + +2 Prameha - + - + +3 Raktavikara - + - + +4 Vrana - + + + +5 Jwara - + - + +6 Atisara - + - + +7 Dantaroga - - + - -8 Aruchi - - - + -9 Shwas - - - + - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 167
  • 189. Review of Literature Table No. 175 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-GuduchiSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Krimighna + + - + +2 Kusthaghna + + - + +3 Jwaraghna + + + + +4 Medhya + - - + -5 Sangrahi ni + + - + +6 Balya + + - + +7 Medoghna + - - - -8 Rasayana + + - + +9 Deepana - + - + +10 Hridya - - - + -Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Raktarsha + - - - -2 Pandu + - + + +3 Vatarakta + + + + +4 Chardhi + - + + +5 Prameha + - + + +6 Visarpa + - - - -7 Kamala - + - + +8 Daha - - + + +9 Vali palita - - + - -10 Visha - - + - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 168
  • 190. Review of Literature Table No. 176 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-HaritakiSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Deepana - + - + +2 Medhya + + - + +3 Rasayana - + + + +4 Chakshushya + + + + +5 Brimhana - + - + +6 Anulomana + - - - +7 Lekhana + - - - -8 Hridya + - - - -9 Vrushya - + - - -10 Rechana - - + - -Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Prameha + + - + +2 Kustha + + + + +3 Grahani roga - + - + +4 Chardhi + + - + +5 Shopha + + - + +6 Shwas - + - + +7 Kasa - + - + +8 Udar roga - + + + +9 Kamala - + - + +10 Arshas - - - - + Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 169
  • 191. Review of Literature Table No. 177 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-IshwariSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Balya - - - - +2 Uttejaka - - - - +3 Garbhashaya sankochaka - - - - +4 Jwaraghna - - - - +5 Shulahara - - - - +6 Visha hara - - - - +Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Jwara - - - - +2 Amavata - - - - +3 Sandhi shotha - - - - +4 Jalodara - - - - +5 Anarthava - - - - +6 Kastharthava - - - - +7 Kupachana - - - - +8 Atisara - - - - +9 Shula - - - - +10 Sarpavisha - - - - + Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 170
  • 192. Review of Literature Table No. 178 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-IngudiSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Kusthaghna - + - + +2 Vishaghna - + - + +3 Krimighna - + + + +4 Shulaghna - + - + +5 Rasayan - - + - -6 Vranaghna - - + + +7 Shwitraghna - + - + +8 Bhutaghna - + - + +Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Kapha vikara - - + - -2 Kustha - + - + +3 Visha - + - + +4 Krimi - + + + +5 Shula - + - + +6 Vrana - - + + +7 Shwitra - + - + +8 Bhutabhadha - + - + +9 Vata roga - - + - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 171
  • 193. Review of Literature Table No. 179 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-JambuSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Grahi + + - + -2 Dahaghna - + + + -3 Shramaghna - - + - -4 Shoshaghna - - + - -5 Krimighna - - + - -6 Rochana - - + + +7 Visthambi - - + + +8 Pachaka - - + - -9 Adhmankaraka - - - + -10 Lekhana - - - + -Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Atisara + + + + -2 Vrana - + - - -3 Rakta vikara - + - - -4 Aruchi - + + + +5 Shwas - - + - -6 Shosha - - + - -7 Shrama - - + - -8 Pittavikara - - + - -9 Kapha vikara - - + - -10 Kasa - - + - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 172
  • 194. Review of Literature Table No. 180 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-KaramardaSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Trishna nashaka(unripened fruit ) + - - - +2 Rochana (unripened fruit ) - - - - +3 Raktapitta vardhaka (unripened fruit ) - + - + +4 Ruchijanaka (ripened fruit ) - + - + +5 Hridya - - - - +6 Saraka - - - + -7 Deepana (unripened fruit ) + - + - -8 Dahakaraka (unripened fruit) - - + - -9 Vishanashaka - - + - -10 Trishna nashaka (ripened fruit ) - - - + -Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Aruchi + + + + +2 Trishna + - - + +3 Raktapitta (ripened fruit ) + - - + +4 Agni mandya (unripened fruit ) + - + - -5 Visha - - + - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 173
  • 195. Review of Literature Table No. 181 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-Karavellaka Sl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPN No 1 Bhedhana - + - + + 2 Krimighna - + - + + 3 Pathya - - - + - 4 Deepana - - - + - 5 Shukranashaka - - - + - 6 Rochana - - - + - 7 Kasaghna - - - + - Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPN No 1 Kamala - + - - - 2 Pandu - + - + + 3 Prameha - + - + + 4 Dustha vrana - - + + - 5 Lutavishopadrava - - + - - 6 Gulma - - + - - 7 Udar roga - - + - - 8 Pleeha vikara - - + - - 9 Jwara - - - + + 10 Raktapitta - - - + + Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 174
  • 196. Review of Literature Table No. 182 ACTION AND USES Drug Name:-KareeraSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Ruchya + - + - -2 Deepana + - - - -3 Bhedhana - + - + +4 Shophaghna - + - + +5 Vishaghna - + - - +6 Arshoghna + + - - +7 Grahi - + - + -8 Swedala - - - + +9 Krimighna - - - + -10 Adhmanakara + - + - -Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Arshas + + - - +2 Vrana - + + + +3 Shotha - + - + +4 Shwas - - + - -5 Vatavikara - - + - -6 Shula - - + - -7 Vamana - - + - -8 Kandu - - + - -9 Ama - - - + +10 Agnimandya + - - - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 175
  • 197. Review of Literature Table No. 183 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-KaranjaSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Pleehaghna + - - - -2 Krimighna + + - + +3 Bhuthaghni + - - - -4 Kusthaghna - + - + +5 Shothaghna - + - + +6 Chakshushya - - + - -7 Medoghna - - - + -8 Bhedhana - - - + +9 Pachaka - - - + -10 Vishaghna - - - + -Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Vrana + + - + +2 Yoni roga + + - - +3 Udavarta - + - - +4 Gulma - + - - +5 Kustha - + - + +6 Prameha - + - - +7 Arshas - + - + +8 Shotha - + - + +9 Rakta vikara - - - + -10 Udar roga - - - + - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 176
  • 198. Review of Literature Table No. 184 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-KasamardaSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Ruchikaraka - - - + +2 Viryavardhaka - - - - +3 Pachaka + - + + +4 Kanthashodhaka + - + + +5 Grahi - - - - +6 Kasaghna - + + + +7 Saraka - - - + -8 Deepana - - + + -9 Jarana - - + - -10 Kanthya - + - - -Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Kasa - + + + +2 Visha vikara - + - + +3 Raktavikara - + - - +4 Krimi - - - + -5 Aruchi - - - + -6 Shwas - - - + -7 Ajeerna - - + - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 177
  • 199. Review of Literature Table No. 185 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-KapithaSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Kaphaghna + - - + -2 Grahi + + + + +3 Trishnaghna + + - - +4 Rochana + - + + -5 Hikka shamaka - + + + +6 Kantha shodhaka + + - + +7 Vrushya - - + - -8 Vrana nashaka - - + - -9 Lekhana - - - + +10 Hridya - - - + -Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Shwas + - + + -2 Kasa + - - + -3 Agnimandya + - - - -4 Prameha - + - - -5 Visha - + + + -6 Vamana - - + + -7 Klama - - - + - -8 Mutravikara - - - + -9 Visarpa - - - + -10 Krimi - - - + - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 178
  • 200. Review of Literature Table No. 186 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-KanchanarSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Samgrahi + + + + +2 Vranaropana + + + - +3 Kusthaghna + + - - +4 Keshya + - - - -5 Krimighna - + - - +6 Deepana - - + - -7 Rochana - - - + -Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Gandamala + + - - +2 Guda bhramsha + + - - +3 Pradara - + - + +4 Kshata - + - - -5 Kasa - + - + +6 Mutrakrichra - - + - -7 Kshaya - - - + +8 Shwasa - - - + -9 Vrana + + + - +10 Rakta vikara - - - + - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 179
  • 201. Review of Literature Table No. 187 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-KatakaSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Trishaghna + - - + -2 Vishaghna + - - + -3 Chakshushya + + + + +4 Variprasadana + + - - +5 Krimighna - - + - -6 Rochana - - + + -7 Shulanashaka - - + - -8 Kusthaghna - - - + -9 Vranaghna - - - + -10 Raktapittanashaka - - - + -Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Visha + - - + -2 Mutrakrichra + - - - -3 For jala shodhana + + + - +4 Ashmari + - - - -5 Chardhi - - - + -6 Gulma - - - + -7 Prameha - - - + -8 Pandu - - - + -9 Pratishyaya - - - + -10 Kamala - - - + - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 180
  • 202. Review of Literature Table No. 188 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-KutajaSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Kusthaghna + + + + +2 Deepana - + - + +3 Trishnanashaka - + - - +4 Atisaranashaka + + + + +5 Krimighna - - - + -6 Arshoghna + + + + +Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Raktapitta + + + + +2 Kustha + + + + +3 Atisara + + + + +4 Arshas + + + + +5 Ama - + - + +6 Krimi - - - + -7 Trishna - + - - + Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 181
  • 203. Review of Literature Table No. 189 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-IndrayavaSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Deepana + - - + +2 Atisaranashaka + + + - +3 Shulaghna + - + + +4 Samgrahi - + - + +5 Jwaraghna - + + + +6 Krimighna - + - - -7 Kusthaghna - + - + +8 Dahanashaka - - + - -9 Pachana - - - + -10 Shramanashaka - - - + -Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Raktarsha + + - + +2 Atisara + + + + +3 Chardhi + - - - +4 Rakta vikara - + + + +5 Visarpa - + - + +6 Kustha - + - + +7 Tridosha vikara - - + + -8 Gudakila - - - - +9 Vatarakta - - - - +10 Jwara - + + + + Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 182
  • 204. Review of Literature Table No. 190 ACTION AND USESDrug Name : Krishna sarivaSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Trishnaprashamana + - - - -2 Aruchinashaka + + - + +3 Raktapittahara + - - - -4 Samgrahi + - - - -5 Jwaraghna + + + - +6 Shukrakara - + - + +7 Durgandhanashaka + - + - -Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Kustha + - + - -2 Kandu + - + - -3 Prameha + - + - -4 Agnimandya - + - + +5 Shwasa - + - + +6 Chardhi - + - - -7 Kasa - + - + +8 Visha - + - + +9 Raktavikara + + + + -10 Pradara - + - + + Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 183
  • 205. Review of Literature Table No. 191 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-LajjaluSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Samgrahaka - - - - +2 Shothaghna + - + - -3 Kusthaghna + - + - -4 Pittatisaranashini - - + - -Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Raktapitta - + - + +2 Atisara - + - + +3 Yoniroga - + - + +4 Pittatisara + - + - -5 Shotha + - + - -6 Daha + - + - -7 Shrama + - + - -8 Shwasa + - + - -9 Vrana + - + - -10 Raktavikara + - + - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 184
  • 206. Review of Literature Table No. 192 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-LatakaranjaSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Deepana - - + - - 2 Pathya - - + - - 3 Balya - - - - + 4 Jwarahara - - - - + 5 Shothaghna - - - - + 6 Sthambhaka - - - - + 7 Raktasthambhaka - - - - + 8 Vedanahara - - - - + 9 Krimighna - + - + +Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Arshas - + - + - 2 Kustha - + - - - 3 Prameha - + - - - 4 Shula - - + + + 5 Gulma - - + - - 6 Vrana - - - - + + 7 Adhmana - - - + - 8 Vishama jwara - - - - + 9 Shwasa - - - - +10 Vatavikara - - - - + Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 185
  • 207. Review of Literature Table No. 193 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-MadhukaSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Brumhana (flowers ) + - + + +2 Shukrajanaka (flowers ) + - + - -3 Ahridya (fruits ) + - + + -4 Viryavardhaka - + - - -5 Shukrajanaka (fruits) + - + + +6 Pusthivardhaka - + - - -7 Balakaraka (flowers and fruits ) - - + + -8 Vranaropaka - - + + -Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Trishna (fruits) + - + + -2 Raktavikara + - - + -3 Daha + + + + +4 Shwasa + - + + -5 Kshata + - + + -6 Kshaya + - + + -7 Pittavikara - + - - -8 Krimi roga - + - - -9 Raktapitta - - + - -10 Kasa - - + - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 186
  • 208. Review of Literature Table No. 194 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-Mamsa rohiniSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Krimighna + - + - -2 Kantha shudhikara + - + - +3 Rochana + - + - -4 Varnya + - + - -5 Rasayana + - - - -6 Vrushya - + - - +7 Grahi - - + - -8 Saraka - - - - +9 Sandhaniya - - - - +10 Jwara pratibhandhika - - - - +Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Vrana - - - - +2 Grahani vikara - - - + -3 Vata vikara - - + - -4 Atisara - - - - +5 Krimi + - + - -6 Kantha vikara + - + - +7 Aruchi + - + - -8 Raktapitta + - + - -9 Dhatu kshaya - + - - +10 Varna vikara + - + - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 187
  • 209. Review of Literature Table No. 195 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:- MeshashringiSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Dahanashaka - - - + -2 Vishaghna + - + + +3 Krimighna - - - + +4 Kusthaghna - - + + +5 Deepana - - + + +6 Sramsana - - - + +7 Kasaghna + + + + +8 Shothaghna + - + - -9 Raktavikaranashaka - - - + -10 Chakshu shya + - + - -Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Shwas - - + + +2 Kasa + + + + +3 Vrana - + - + +4 Netrashula - + + - +5 Kustha + - + + +6 Prameha - - - + +7 Raktavikara - - - + -8 Timir roga - - - + -9 Trishna + - - - -10 Hridroga + - + - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 188
  • 210. Review of Literature Table No. 196 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-NiliniSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Keshya + + + + +2 Krimighna + - + - -3 Rechana - + - - +4 Saraka - - - + -5 Vishaghna + - + + +Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Katishoola + - - - -2 Vishodara + - - - -3 Vatarakta + - - + +4 Moha - + - - +5 Bhrama - + - - +6 Udar roga - + + + +7 Pleeha roga - + - + +8 Kasa - - + - -9 Amavata - - - + +10 Gulma - - + - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 189
  • 211. Review of Literature Table No. 197 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-NimbaSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Kusthaghna + + - + -2 Kandughna + - - - -3 Vranaghna + + - + -4 Apakwa vrana pachana + + - - -5 Pakwa vishodhana + + - - -6 Grahi - + - + +7 Netrya - + - + -8 Krimighna - + + + -9 Bhedhana - + - + +10 Deepana - + - + -Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Raktavikara + - - - -2 Kustha + + - + +3 Vrana + + + + +4 Chardhi - + + + +5 Prameha - + - + +6 Visha - + + + -7 Shotha - - + + -8 Jwara - - - + +9 Gulma - - - + +10 Arshas - - - + + Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 190
  • 212. Review of Literature Table No. 198 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-Nadi hinguSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Deepana + - - - +2 Hridya - + - + -3 Pachana - + - + -4 Vatanulomaka - - - - +5 Virechaka - - - - +6 Krimighna - - - + +7 Jwarahara - - - - +8 Swedajanaka - - - - +9 Sleshma nissaraka - - - - +10 Pratidushaka - - - - +Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Vibhandha + + + + +2 Adhmana + - + - -3 Amadosha + - - - +4 Basti roga - + - + -5 Arshas - + - + -6 Gulma - + - + -7 Anaha - - + - +8 Kaphaja vikara - - + - -9 Vataja vikara - - + - -10 Pleeha vikara - - - + - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 191
  • 213. Review of Literature Table No. 199 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-PalashaSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Krimighna + + + + +2 Samgrahi + + - + +3 Deepana + + - + +4 Vrushya - + - + +5 Sandhankara - + - + +6 Kandughna - - + - -7 Kusthaghna - - + + +8 Saraka - - - + +9 Mutrakrichra nashaka - - - - +Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Pleeha roga + - - + -2 Gulma + + - + +3 Grahani vikara + + - + +4 Arshas + + - + +5 Vrana - + - + +6 Prameha - + - + +7 Rakta vikara - - - + +8 Trishna - - - + +9 Udar roga - - - + +10 Vatarakta - - - - + Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 192
  • 214. Review of Literature Table No. 200 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-Parisha Sl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPN No 1 Vrushya - + - + + 2 Kaphakaraka - + - + + 3 Krimikaraka - + - + + Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPN No 1 Kandu - - - - + 2 Twak vikara - - - - + Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 193
  • 215. Review of Literature Table No. 201 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-PlakshaSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Grahi - + - - -2 Raktapittaghna + - - + +3 Shothaghna - + - + +4 Varnya - - - + --5 Stanya vishodhana - - - + -6 Lekhana - - - + -7 Visthambaka - - - + -8 Sthambhaka - - - + -9 Vrana ropaka - - - - +10 Yoni roga nashaka - - - - +Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Murcha + - + - -2 Pralapa + - + - -3 Visarpa - + - + -4 Rakta vikara - - + + +5 Bhrama - - + - -6 Yoni vikara - - - + +7 Daha - - - + +8 Gulma - - - + -9 Kasa - - - + -10 Shwasa - - - + - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 194
  • 216. Review of Literature Table No. 202 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-Patal garudiSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Vrushya - + + - +2 Santarpani - - + - -3 Rochana - - + - -4 Vishadoshanashini - - + - -5 Swedajanana - - - - +6 Shodhana - - - - +7 Mutrajanana - - - - +8 Grahi - - - - +9 Vayuhara - - - - +10 Stanya janana - - - - +Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Rakta dosha - - + - -2 Pitta vikara - - + - -3 Visha dosha - - + - -4 Mutrakrichra - - - - +5 Jwara - - - - +6 Daha - - - - +7 Shotha - - - - +8 Twak dosha - - - - +9 Amavata - - - - +10 Sandhi shotha - - - - + Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 195
  • 217. Review of Literature Table No. 203 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-PrishnaparniSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Raktashamaka + - - - -2 Trishnashamaka + - - - -3 Dahaghna + + + + -4 Vrushya - + - + +5 Tridoshaghna - - - + +6 Samgrahi - - - - +Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Kasa + - + - -2 Shwasa + - - + +3 Jwara + + + + +4 Trishna + - - + +5 Raktatisara - + - + +6 Chardhi - + - + +7 Atisara - - + - -8 Vataroga - - + - -9 Unmada - - + - -10 Vrana - - + - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 196
  • 218. Review of Literature Table No. 204 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-Punarnava Sl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPN No 1 Swedopaga - - - - + 2 Vayasthapana - - - - + 3 Virechana - - - - + 4 Deepana - - - + + 5 Mutravirechaka - - - - + 6 Shothahara + - + + + 7 Saraka - - + + - 8 Hridya - - - + - 9 Ruchikaraka - - - + - 10 Grahi - + - - - Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPN No 1 Sarvanga shotha - - - - + 2 Shotha + - - - + 3 Udara - - - + + 4 Kamala - - - - + 5 Mutralpata - - - - + 6 Pandu + - + + + 7 Shwasa - - - - + 8 Urahkshata + - - - + 9 Rakta pradara - - + - - 10 Arshas - - - + - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 197
  • 219. Review of Literature Table No. 205 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-Rakta karaviraSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Savisham + + - + +2 Jwaraghna + - - - +3 Chakshushya + + - + +4 Kusthaghna + - + - +5 Kandughna + + + + +6 Shothaghna - + - - +7 Krimighna - + - + +8 Vranaghna - + + - +9 Vishodhaka - - + - -10 Vrana laghavakaraka - - - - +Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Jwara + - - - +2 Netravikara + + - + +3 Kustha + - + - +4 Kandu + + + + +5 Shotha - + - - +6 Krimi - + - + +7 Twak dosha - - + - -8 Vrana - + + - +9 Visha vikara - - + + - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 198
  • 220. Review of Literature Table No. 206 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-Rakta gunjaSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Vishaghna + - - - -2 Jantughni + + - + +3 Keshya - + - + +4 Balakaraka - + - + +5 Twachya - + - + -6 Vrushya - + - + +7 Kandughna - + - + +8 Chakshushya - + - + +9 Ruchya - - - + -10 Mada murcha karaka - - - + -Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Trishna - - - - +2 Shwasa - - - - +3 Bhrama - - - - +4 Mukhashosha - - - - +5 Jwara - - - - +6 Vrana - + - + +7 Indralupta - + - + +8 Graha dosha - + - + -9 Kandu - + - + +10 Kustha - + - + + Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 199
  • 221. Review of Literature Table No. 207 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:- KhdhiraSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Dantya - + - + +2 Kandughna + - + + +3 Kasaghna + - + + +4 Medoghna - - - + +5 Krimighna + + - + +6 Kusthaghna + + + + +7 Switraghna - + - + +8 Shothaghna - + + + +9 Balya - + - - -10 Shukrala - + - - -Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Kustha + + + + +2 Raktavikara + + + + +3 Prameha - + - + +4 Vrana - + + + +5 Sh witra - + - + +6 Ama - + - + +7 Kandu + - + + +8 Kasa + - + + +9 Jwara - + - + +10 Pandu - + - + + Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 200
  • 222. Review of Literature Table No. 208 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-SarivaSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Asranashane + - + + -2 Shukrala - + - + +3 Dourgyandyanashana + - + - -4 Jwaraghna + + + + +5 Purishasangraniya - - - - +6 Mutravirechana - - - - +7 Mutraviranjana - - - - +8 Varnya - - - - +9 Rasayana - - - - +10 Dahaprashamana - - - - +Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Raktadosha + + + + -2 Kustha + - + - -3 Kandu + - + - -4 Prameha + - + - -5 Aruchi - + - + +6 Shwasa - + - + +7 Chardhi - + - - -8 Visha - + - + +9 Atisara - + - + +10 Pradara - - - + + Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 201
  • 223. Review of Literature Table No. 209 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-SatalaSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Shodhani(kaphapittarakta) + - - - -2 Vatala - + - - +3 Shothaghna + + + - +4 Uttejaka - - - - +5 Kaphaghna - - - - +6 Vamaka - - - - +7 Anulomaka - - - - +Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Shotha + + + - +2 Udara + - - - -3 Adhmana + - - - -4 Anaha - + - - +5 Udavarta - + - - +6 Raktavikara + + - - +7 Visarpa - - + - -8 Kustha - - + - -9 Visphotaka - - + - -10 Vrana - - + - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 202
  • 224. Review of Literature Table No. 210 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-SharapunkhaSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Vishaghna - + - - +2 Dustha vrananashaka - + - - -3 Krimighna - - + - +4 Anulomaka - - - - +5 Pittasaraka - - - - +6 Mutrajanaka - - - - +7 Kaphaghna - - - - +8 Balya - - - - +9 Raktashodhaka - - - - +Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Yakrit pleeha vikara - + - - +2 Dustha vrana - + - - +3 Kasa - + - - +4 Raktavikara - + - - +5 Shwasa - + - - +6 Jwara - + - - +7 Vataroga - - + - -8 Gulma - - - - +9 Jirna atisara - - - - +10 Adhmana - - - - + Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 203
  • 225. Review of Literature Table No. 211 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-Shweta shigruSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Shothaghna + - + + +2 Krimighna + - - + +3 Vishaghna + - - + +4 Medoghna + - - + +5 Chakshushya - + - + +6 Grahi - + - + +7 Deepana - + + + +8 Ruchya - - + + +9 Shukrala - - - + +10 Hridya - - - + +Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Galaganda - - - + +2 Apachi - - - + +3 Mukha jadhya - - + - -4 Raktapitta - + - - +5 Vrana - + - + +6 Gulma + - - + +7 Pleeha vikara + + - + +8 Vidhradhi + + - + +9 Visha + - - + +10 Amadosha + - - - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 204
  • 226. Review of Literature Table No. 212 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-ShakhaSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Asraghno + + - - -2 Garbhasandhanad + + - + -3 Saraka - - + - -4 Kaphanashaka - - + - -5 Raktapittashamaka - - - + +6 Kusthaghna - - - + -7 Sthambhana - - - - +8 Krimighna - - - - +9 Mutrajanaka - - - - +10 Keshavardhaka - - - - +Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Rakta dosha + + - - -2 Garbha + + - + -3 Daha - - + - -4 Shrama - - + - -5 Kustha - - - + -6 Raktapitta - - - + +7 Prameha - - - + -8 Shotha - - - - +9 Shirashoola - - - - +10 Mutravarodha - - - - + Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 205
  • 227. Review of Literature Table No. 213 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-ShatavariSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Vrushya + - + - -2 Rasayana + + + + +3 Stanyakara - + - + +4 Balya - + - + +5 Pittashamaka - - + - -6 Medhya - - - + +7 Agnivardhaka - - - + +8 Shukrala - + - + +9 Pusthikaraka - - - + +10 Chakshushya - - - + +Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Raktapitta + - - - +2 Kshaya + - + + +3 Raktavikara - + - + -4 Shotha - + - + +5 Gulma - - - + +6 Atisara - - - + +7 Arshas - - - - + Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 206
  • 228. Review of Literature Table No. 214 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-ShirishaSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Vishaghna + + + - +2 Varnya + + - - -3 Tridishaghna + - - - +4 Kandughna + - - - -5 Kasahara - - - - +6 Pousthika - - - - +7 Vajikara - - - - +8 Grahi - - - - +9 Visarpaghna - - - - +Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Kustha + - + - -2 Twak dosha + - + - +3 Shwasa + - - - -4 Kasa + - - + +5 Visha vikara + + + + +6 Visarpa - + - + +7 Shotha - + - + +8 Vata roga - - + + +9 Rakta vikara - - + - -10 Vrana - - - + + Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 207
  • 229. Review of Literature Table No. 215 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-SleshmantakaSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Keshya - + - + +2 Vrushya - + - - -3 Pachana - - + - -4 Grahi - - - + +5 Visthambhaka - - - - +6 Vishaghna - - - - +7 Mutrala - - - - +8 Kaphakaraka - - + - -9 Snehana - - - - +10 Kaphanissaraka - - - - +Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Visha - + - + +2 Sphota - + + + +3 Vrana - + + + +4 Visarpa - + - + +5 Kustha - + - - +6 Krimi roga - - + - +7 Shula - - + - -8 Amavikara - - + - -9 Rakta vikara - - + + +10 Atisara - - - - + Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 208
  • 230. Review of Literature Table No. 216 ACTION AND USESDrug Name –TarkariSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Shothaghna + + + + +2 Deepana - - + + +3 Saraka - - - - +Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Pandu + - - + +2 Agnimandya + - + + +3 Shotha + + + + +4 Kapha vikara - - + - -5 Arshas - - + - -6 Vibhandha + - + - -7 Adhmana - - + - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 209
  • 231. Review of Literature Table No. 217 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-TindukaSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Samgrahi + + + + +2 Vataghna - + - + -3 Sleshmaghna - + - - +4 Lekhana - - - + -Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Vrana - + - + -2 Pittaroga - + - - -3 Prameha - + - - +4 Raktavikara - + - - +5 Atisara + + + - -6 Vibhandha - - - + -7 Aruchi - - - + - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 210
  • 232. Review of Literature Table No. 218 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-UdumbaraSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Krimikaraka + - + - -2 Raktaghna + - - + +3 Shothaghna - - + - +4 Deepana - - + - -5 Rochana - - + + -6 Bhaghnasandhanaka - - - + -7 Varnya - - - + +8 Vrana shodhaka - - - + +9 Vrana ropaka - - - + +10 Sthambhana - - - + -Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Raktavikara + + + + +2 Murcha + - + + -3 Daha + - + - -4 Trishna + - + + -5 Raktapitta - - + - -6 Vrana - + - + -7 Shotha - - + - +8 Pradara - - - + -9 Chardhi - - - + -10 Prameha - - - + - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 211
  • 233. Review of Literature Table No. 219 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-VanapalanduSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Kaphanissaraka - - - - +2 Krimighna - - + - -3 Hridayottejaka - - - - +4 Hridya - - - - +5 Mutravirechaka - - - - +6 Vamanakaraka - - - - +7 Vishaghna - - + - -Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Krimi - - + - -2 Jirna kapha vikara - - - - +3 Hridayodara - - - - +4 Sarvanga shopha - - - - +5 Jalodara - - - - +6 Chardhi - - + - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 212
  • 234. Review of Literature Table No. 220 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-VasaSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Kasaghna + + + + +2 Kusthaghna + + - + +3 Hridya - - - + +4 Trishnavinashana + - - + +5 Kanthya - - - + -6 Kshayaghna - - - + +7 Swarya - - - - +8 Kaphanissaraka - - - - +9 Mutrajanana - - - - +10 Kothaprashamana - - - - +Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Raktavikara + - - + -2 Kasa + + + + +3 Kshaya + + + + +4 Chardhi + + - + +5 Jwara + + + + +6 Raktapitta - + + - +7 Shwasa - + + + +8 Meha - + - + +9 Kamala - - + - -10 Kshata - - - + - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 213
  • 235. Review of Literature Table No. 221 ACTION AND USESDrug Name:-VataSl ACTIONS DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Sthambhana + - - - -2 Rukshana + - - - -3 Raktapittanashaka + - - - -4 Grahi - + - + +5 Shothaghna - - + - -6 Varnya - - - + +7 Visarpaghna - - - + +8 Vranaghna - + + + +9 Dahaghna - - + - +Sl USES DN MN RN KN BPNNo1 Trishna + - + - -2 Chardhi + - - - -3 Murcha + - - - -4 Raktapitta + - - - -5 Moha - - + - -6 Yonidosha - - - + +7 Visarpa - - - + +8 Shotha - - + - -9 Vrana - + + + +10 Jwara - - + - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 214
  • 236. Review of LiteratureSurvey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 215
  • 237. Review of LiteratureMETHODS OR PURIFICATIONAmong total surveyed 72 medicinal plants some of which are available in selectedpart of Kappat gudda are toxic in nature they requires proper purification proceduresas per ClassicsThose are • Dhatura • Nadi Hingu • Rakta gunja • Rakta Karavira Dhatura – The fresh Dhatura seeds are to be subjected for swedana in dhola yantra for 3 hours (1 prahara) which contains gomutra after it is dried in sun and it is filtered, This purifies Dhatura Nadi Hingu –It contains small pieces of sticks, grass etc. hence it is to be purified. In hot water it is to be filtered and then dried then only it is to be medicinal purposes Rakta gunja – The fresh gunja seeds are to be tie in cloth and make a pottali, The then in Dhola yantra filled with kanji this is to be boiled for 3 hours (1 prahar) this purifies gunja Rakta karavira-As like vatsanabha it is subjected to swedana in dhola yantra for 3 hours (1 prahara) in godugdha this purifies karavira Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 215
  • 238. Review of LiteratureSurvey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 216
  • 239. Review of Literature ContraindicationsAmong total surveyed 72 medicinal plants of selected part of kappat gudda some arecontraindicated in certain conditions.Those plants are o Aristhaka o Haritaki o Ishwari o Rakta karavira o Vana palandu o Vasa AristhakaIn pregnancy it is contraindicated because it makes garbhapatana HaritakiThose who are walking from long distance and tiered ,strenthless,dry ,thin ,fasting,pittaja prakruti persons ,pregnant women and one who undergoes Rakta mokshanaalready for those intech of Haritaki is contraindicated Haritaki is contraindicated in those persons who are suffering from thirst,manuysthambha (Lock jaw), Jalagraha, Kshaya etc, disorders, Navina jwara,jirnavastha and pregnant women Haritaki is not usually indicated in conditions like thirst, dryness of mouth,lock jaw, dysphagia, and early stage of fever, emaciation and in pregnancy. IshwariIt makes uterine contraction .hence it is contraindicated in pregnancy. Rakta karaviraIt is poisonous to all animals .It should not be given in empty stomach. It is preferablygiven as external not internal. In seviorDeep wounds it should not be used. Which causes absorption of satwa of drug andsevior bodily symptoms will appear. Vana palanduIn acute renal disorders and in acute kaphaja disorders it should not be given (Becausein excess dose it produces rakta meha also). Vasa It should not be given in acute Asthmatic attacks .Because it is unable to stop those attacks. Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 216
  • 240. Review of Literature Table No. 222 VISHISHTA YOGASDrug Name: - AmlikaSl.no VISHISHTA YOGAS REFERENCE1 Shankha vati B.R. 10/187Table No. 223 Drug Name:-AnkolaSl.no VISHISHTA YOGAS REFERENCE1 Ankola baddha vati R.Y.S.I p.462 Istarhasiddi gutika R.Y.S.I p.151Table No. 224 Drug Name: - AragvadhaSl.no VISHISHTA YOGAS REFERENCE1 Aragvadhadi kwath B.R. 54/64-652 Aragvadhadi sukshmavarti B.R. 50/63 Aragvadha tailam B.R. 54/275Table No. 225 Drug Name: - ArjunaSl.no VISHISHTA YOGAS REFERENCE1 Kakubhadi churnam B.R. 33/22-232 Arjuna ghritam B.R.33/743 Parthdyaristha B.R. 33/75-76-77.Table No. 226 Drug Name:-AshwathaSl.no VISHISHTA YOGAS REFERENCE1 Ashwath kashaya Cha.S.Chi 29/158.2 Nyagrodhadi ghritam B.R. 66/96-993 Ashwatha muladi modaka B.S.Chi.4/54-70 Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 217
  • 241. Review of LiteratureTable No. 227 Drug Name: - Ati balaSl.no VISHISHTA YOGAS REFERENCE1 Amrita taila Cha.S.Chi 28/157-1642 Atibala rasayana Su.Sa.Chi 27/10Table No. 228 Drug Name: - BruhatiSl.no VISHISHTA YOGAS REFERENCE1 Brihatyadi Kwath B.R. 5/266-2672 Pippalyadi leha G.N. 2.10.653 Dashamoolaristha B.R. 74/357-3714 Dashamool Tailam B.R. 65/111-1125 Dashamool Guda B.R. 136/143Table No. 229 Drug Name: - BilwaSl.no VISHISHTA YOGAS REFERENCE1 Bilwa rasayana Su.Chi. 28/10-122 Bilwadi ghrita B.R. 8/5583 Bilwadi taila Su.Ut.21/35-374 Bilwa majjadi yoga B.R.7/1235 Bilwadi churna B.R.7/94Table No. 230 Drug Name: - BimbiSl.no VISHISHTA YOGAS REFERENCE1 Bimbi ghrita G.N. 2.6.41 Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 218
  • 242. Review of LiteratureTable No. 231 Drug Name: - ChakramardaSl.no VISHISHTA YOGAS REFERENCE1 Chkaramarda Tailam Bha.pra.chi 44.45.46Table No. 232 Drug Name: - ChandanaSl.no VISHISHTA YOGAS REFERENCE1 Chandanadi taila Cha.Chi 3/2582 Chandanadi ghrita Cha.Chi.15/125-1283 Chanadanadi kwatha Su.Chi 5/8Table No. 233 Drug Name: - DhavaSl.no VISHISHTA YOGAS REFERENCE1 Chandanadi Taila Cha.Chi.3/258Table No. 234 Drug Name: - DhanvanaSl.no VISHISHTA YOGAS REFERENCE1 Chandanadi Taila Cha.Chi 3/258Table No. 235 Drug Name: - DhaturaSl.no VISHISHTA YOGAS REFERENCE1 Kanakasava B.R 16/115-1192 Unamatta rasa B.R. 5/6003 Pralapantaka rasa R.T. 24/379-3824 Unamada gajankusha rasa R.T. 24/383-385 Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 219
  • 243. Review of LiteratureTable No. 236 Drug Name: - GambhariSl.no VISHISHTA YOGAS REFERENCE1 Drakshadi Kwatha S.S.U.39/1732 Kasmarya-rasayana A.S.49/4023 Kasmarya-taila B.P.Chi61/44 Kashmaryadi-panaka BH.Chi30/37-395 Shriparnyadi kwath B.R. 5/119Table No. 237 Drug Name: - GokshuraSl.no VISHISHTA YOGAS REFERENCE1 Gokshuradhi gugglu S.G.M.Kha 7/84-872 Gokshuradi yoga Cha.Chi.26/623 Gokshuradhi kwatha S.G.M.Kha 2/1074 Swadamstra ghrita C.D.31/27-305 Gokshuravalehya B.P.M.38/105-107Table No. 238 Drug Name:-GuduchiSl.no VISHISHTA YOGAS REFERENCE1 Amritadya Taila Cha.Chi 28/157-1692 Guduchi ghrita Cha.Chi16/1343 Guduchi Modaka B.P.Chi.1/757-604 Madhuparnyadi taila C.S.Chi.29/91-955 Guduchyadi kwath B.R. 5/66 Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 220
  • 244. Review of LiteratureTable No. 239 Drug Name: - HaritakiSl.no VISHISHTA YOGAS REFERENCE1 Abhayaristha Cha.Chi 14/138-1432 Agasthya Haritaki Cha.Chi 18/57-623 Danti Haritaki Cha.Chi 5/154-1604 Haritaki leha Cha.Chi18/168-1695 Kamsa Haritaki Cha.Chi 12/50-52Table No. 240 Drug Name: - IngudiSl.no VISHISHTA YOGAS REFERENCE1 Ingudi Tailam Cha.S. Chi 7/119Table No. 241 Drug Name:-IshwariSl.no VISHISHTA YOGAS REFERENCE1 Ishwari muladi lepa G.N 35/54Table No. 242 Drug Name: - JambuSl.no VISHISHTA YOGAS REFERENCE1 Jambvadya tailam B.R. 52/83-86Table No. 243 Drug Name:-KapithaSl VISHISHTA YOGAS REFERENCEno1 Kapithadhi leha Cha.Chi 23/1842 Kapithadhi peya B.R. 8/53 Kapitha sthaka churna B.R. 8/40-42 Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 221
  • 245. Review of LiteratureTable No. 244 Drug Name: - KaranjaSl.no VISHISHTA YOGAS REFERENCE1 Karanjadya ghrita S.S.Chi16/16-212 Karanjadi taila B. R. 57/263 Karanjadi lepa B.R. 47/47Table No. 245 Drug Name:-KanchanarSl.no VISHISHTA YOGAS REFERENCE1 Kanchanar gugglu B. R. 44/64-692 Kanchanar Varuna kwath B. R.44/193 Kanchanar Shunthi prayoga B. R. 44/204 Kanchanar kwath B.R. 59/22Table No. 246 Drug Name: - KatakaSl.no VISHISHTA YOGAS REFERENCE1 Kataka khadira kashaya C.D. 54/68Table No. 247 Drug Name: - KutajaSl.no VISHISHTA YOGAS REFERENCE1 Kutajaristha S.G. 2.10 44-462 Kutajadi rasa kriya Cha.S.Chi 14/188-1923 Kutaja kshira Bha.pra.Chi 2/ 59-604 Kutajavalehya B.R. 6/44-495 Kutajadi ghrita B.R.9/191 Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 222
  • 246. Review of LiteratureTable No. 248 Drug Name: - Nadi HinguSl.no VISHISHTA YOGAS REFERENCE1 Hapusadya ghrita Cha.chi 5/71-732 Chitrakadi ghrita Su. Su.42/25Table No. 249 Drug Name: - NiliniSl.no VISHISHTA YOGAS REFERENCE1 Nilinyadi ghrita Cha.S.Chi 5/106-1092 Nilinyadi Churna Chs.S.Chi13/137Table No. 250 Drug Name: - NimbaSl.no VISHISHTA YOGAS REFERENCE1 Nimbadi kwath B.R. 5/1942 Nimbadi kwath B.R. 5/1363 Nimbadi Churnam B.R. 27/28-35Table No. 251 Drug Name: - PalashaSl.no VISHISHTA YOGAS REFERENCE1 Palasha kshara ghrita Cha.S.Chi 5/1732 Palasha beejadi churnam B.R.11/123 Palashadi kwath Cha.S.Chi.15/142-143Table No. 252 Drug Name:-ParishaSl.no VISHISHTA YOGAS REFERENCE1 Panchavalkala Churna B.R. 47/40 Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 223
  • 247. Review of LiteratureTable No. 253 Drug Name:-PlakshaSl.no VISHISHTA YOGAS REFERENCE1 Panchavalkala Churna B.R. 47/402 Nyagrodhadi churnam B.R. 37/45-49Table No. 254 Drug Name: - Prishna parniSl.no VISHISHTA YOGAS REFERENCE1 Dashamoolaristha B.R. 74/357-3714 Dashamool Tailam B.R. 65/111-1125 Dashamool Guda B.R. 136/143Table No. 255 Drug Name:-punarnavaSl.no VISHISHTA YOGAS REFERENCE1 Punarnava mandura Cha.S.Chi 16/93-962 Punarnavadyaristha Cha.S.Chi 12/233 Punarnavadya Taila Bha.pra.Chi 37/95-994 Punarnavadi Leha B.R. 42/39-415 Punarnavadi Ghrita B.R. 42/142Table No. 256 Drug Name:-Rakta GunjaSl.no VISHISHTA YOGAS REFERENCE1 Gunjadi tailam R.T. 24/ 458-4592 Gunjabhadra rasa. R.T. 24/467-4693 Gunja jeevana rasa R.T.24/464-466 Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 224
  • 248. Review of LiteratureTable No. 257 Drug Name:-Rakta karaviraSl.no VISHISHTA YOGAS REFERENCE1 Karaviradi tailam B.R. 63/322 Hayamaradi taila B.R.68/120-1223 Sveta karaviradya taila Cha.Chi.7/106-107Table No. 258 Drug Name:-SarivaSl.no VISHISHTA YOGAS REFERENCE1 Sarivadi kwath B.R. 5/1452 Sarivadhyavaleha B.R. 52/67-713 Mahatiktaka ghrita Cha. Chi 7/1454 Amrita ghrita Cha. Chi 23/243Table No. 259 Drug Name:-ShakhaSl,no VISHISHTA YOGAS REFERENCE1 Ksharagada Su.Sa. Ka.6/3Table No. 260 Drug Name:-ShatavariSl.no VISHISHTA YOGAS REFERENCE1 Shatavaryadi ghrita Cha.S.Chi 4/95-962 Shatavaryadi taila Cha.S. Si.9/83 Shatamulyadi loham B. R. 13/75-764 Phala ghrita A.H.Utt. 34/63-675 Shatavari modaka B. R. 74/208-224 Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 225
  • 249. Review of LiteratureTable No. 261 Drug Name:-ShirishaSl.no VISHISHTA YOGAS REFERENCE1 Pancha Shirisha Agada Cha.S.Chi 23/2182 Shirishadi Kashaya Cha.S.Chi 6/313 Shirishadyanjana Cha.S.Chi 9/654 Shirisharistham B. R.72/72-74Table No. 262 Drug Name: - Shweta ShigruSl.no VISHISHTA YOGAS REFERENCE1 Shigru kwath B.R. 40/42 Shyamadi churna B.R. 30/15Table No. 263 Drug Name: - TarkariSl.no VISHISHTA YOGAS REFERENCE1 Dasholoolaristha B.R. 74/357-371Table No. 264 Drug Name:-UdumbaraSl.no VISHISHTA YOGAS REFERENCE1 Panchavalkala Churna B.R. 47/402 Udumbaradi taila Cha.S.Chi 30/73-753 Udumbaradi ghrita Cha.S. Si. 8/36-37 Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 226
  • 250. Review of LiteratureTable No. 265 Drug Name: - VasaSl.no VISHISHTA YOGAS REFERENCE1 Vasa Ghrita Cha.Chi.4/882 Vasavaleha B.P.Chi 11/55-573 Vasachandanadi Tailam B.R. 15/204-2104 Vasamuladi Taila Cha.Chi28/170-1715 Vasadi kwath B.R. 13/102-106Table No. 266 Drug Name: - VataSl.no VISHISHTA YOGAS REFERENCE1 Nyagrodhadi Churna B.R. 37/45-492 Nyagrodhadi Ghrita Cha.S.Chi.19/993 Nyagrodhadi kashaya Cha.S.Chi.25/87 Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 227
  • 251. Methodology Methodology A. plan of the study1. Selection of selected part of the kappat gudda area in view of rich floral growth. The present survey was conducted at kelur beat. This is a part of kappatgudda situated in the mundargi taluka of gadag district. This kelur beat begins from kelurvillage to Mallappan Maddi temple to the extent of 2-4 Kms not the whole of kappat guddahill range.2. Study of previous works. Knowledge of flora of an area to be explored saves a lot of time and energy spent oncollecting and identifying plants.3. Gathering all requisite information about the occurrence of different species, includingnotes on geography, paths etc.4. Fixation of time and period in appropriate season-The survey was conducted by visiting and surveying of selected part of kappat gudda hillrange regularly in all seasons.5 Photographs of each plant (i.e. Whole plant, flower, fruit etc separately) also be taken.6. The collected plants will be identified botanically and on the information available indravya guna shastra6. Need of proper contacts with various sources and authorities concerned in the field.7. Arrangement for a suitable vehiclei.e. to roam not only on the road sides but also deep in the forest.B. Surveys and analytical tools 1. The authoritative prior permissions are to be taken from the district as well as rangeforest departments for the field work in the kelur beat of kappat gudda hill range.2. The authoritative permission is to be taken for photography and specimen collections etc.3. To make arrangements of various kinds of survey equipments like herbarium sheets,drying and preserving materials, stationary items like knife for cutting the thorny plants, tocollect tubers, to collect whole plant, bark etc, digital camera etc Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 228
  • 252. MethodologyC. Anthropology It means talking with local people.1. Selection of local informers.Local informers to help in the identification of medicinal plants and also for the areawhere medicinal plants are abundantly obtain.2. Better co-ordination with the authorities and informers.D. .Limitations of the study1. Survey of the medicinal plants available in the selected hilly parts of kappat gudda notthe whole area of kappat gudda2. Considering the 5 Nighantus as a standard i.e. Dhanvantari Nighantu,MadanpalNighantu,Raj Nighantu,Kaidev Nighantu,Bhavaprakash Nighantu in this studyproperties, Synonyms, Actions and uses of total surveyed 72 drugs have beenexplained.E .The data’s of the survey will be documented on the basis of following parametersa) Latin name, Family, Kula and Ganab) Vernacular names and synonyms according to different Nighantusc) Botanical Description and Habitatd) Useful Part according to different authorse) Properties according to different Nighantusf) Action and Uses according to different Nighantusg) Methods of Purificationh) Contraindicationsi) Vishishta Yogas Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 229
  • 253. MethodologyF. Post survey1. Preparing herbarium sheets, preserving the useful parts of the plants etc2. Arranging the data recorded in the field assessment, drawing conclusion by discussion.3.Searching for proper identification of the family and genus of the species by lookinginto the respective flora .4. To identify the unidentified drugs by the post workersEach plant has been studied systematically in a following manner. Identification-Through herbariums (Collected plant specimens from natural habitat) Nomenclature – Naming the plants on the basis of Latin name, Sanskrit name and through different vernacular names. Classification-By referring Benthum and Hooker classification for identification of family. Botanical description-By referring Flora of Karnataka, Bombay ,A Text book of systemic botany by prof R.N.Sutaria,Indian medicinal plants by kirtikar basu the habitate,botanical description of the plants are taken. Study duration –one year Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 230
  • 254. Discussion Discussion• The concept of drug survey has been discussed by Brihatrayees, Nighantus at various contexts, had given importance for the survey through different persons and localities. Importance of survey has been highlighted for the beneficial of physician in identification, and in multidimensional uses of different plants.• In support to acharya Vagbhata s quotation Jagatyevam anoushadham i.e, there exists no substance in the world without medicinal property, so the adaptation of plants survey is very much necessary. Thus, it is essential to know about survey and diverse utility of vegetation by the local traditional group.• The reference regarding the concept of survey is seen from the time of Vedas that emphasizes its popularity and usefulness. Most of the earlier authors have dealt this in various contexts; however references of these are found scattered in different literatures.• Acharya Sushruta opines that the drug survey should be conducted in all the areas like river banks, near ashramas, holy place, and hilly regions.• Raj Nighantu illustrate that the qualities of drugs and its names changes from one place to other place, so to assess each drug, the survey is conducted and this should cover all the regions and not restricted to the limited area. This shows the importance of regional wise survey.• The concept of drug survey has been tried to arrange in a systematic manner by explaining the methodology of survey as a separate section. This helps to have the clear knowledge of the required materials to be more contented during the drug survey.• In identification of different species the local names helps in distinguishing the varieties of plants and consideration of different sources. Collections of their experiences in different uses are helpful for safe administration.• Most of the plants grown in Kelur beat area are belongs to Caesalpinaceae, Apocyanaceae, Mimosoideae and Moraceae family. Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 231
  • 255. Discussion • Majority of the plants grown in this area are having madhura, tikta, katu,kashaya rasas predominantly, but surprisingly ushna and sheeta virya drugs are equally distributed in this area. • The plants which are richly, moderately and rarely available in the selected part of kappat gudda area are as follows. Table No. 267SL Plant name Richly Moderately Rarelyno available available available1 Amlika - + -2 Ankola + - -3 Aparajita - + -4 Aragvadha + - -5 Aristhaka - + -6 Arjuna + - -7 Atibala + - -8 Avartaki + - -9 Avartani + - -10 Ashwatha - + -11 Badara - + -12 Bruhati - - +13 Bilva - + -14 Bhumyamalaki + - -15 Bimbi - + -16 Chakramarda + - -17 Chandana - + -18 Chirabilva - + -19 Dhava - + -20 Dhanvana - + -21 Dugdhika + - -22 Dronapushpi - + -23 Dhatura - + -24 Gambhari - + -25 Gojihwa - - +26 Gokshura + - -27 Guduchi + - -28 Haritaki + - -29 Ingudi + - -30 Ishwari - - +31 Jambu - - +32 Kanchanar - - +33 Kapitha + - - Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 232
  • 256. Discussion34 Karamarda - + -35 Karanja - + -36 Karavellaka - + -37 Kareera - + -38 Kasamarda + - -39 Kataka - + -40 Khadira - + -41 Krishna sariva - + -42 Kutaja - - +43 Lajjalu - + -44 Lata karanja - + -45 Mamsa rohini - + -46 Madhuka - + -47 Mesha shringi - + -48 Nadi hingu + - -49 Nilini - + -50 Nimba + - -51 Palasha - + -52 Parisha - + -53 Patala garudi + - -54 Plaksha - + -55 Prishnaparni - - +56 Punarnava - + -57 Rakta gunja - + -58 Rakta karavira - - +59 Sariva + - -60 Satala + - -61 Shirisha - + -62 Shakha - + -63 Sharapunkha + - -64 Shatavari + - -65 Shleshmantaka - + -66 Shweta shigru - - +67 Tarkari - + -68 Tinduka + - -69 Udumbara - + -70 Vana palandu - - +71 Vasa - + -72 Vata - + -During field survey Among 72 medicinal plants 31.94% are richly available, 52.77% aremoderately available and 15.27% are rarely found in this selected parts of kappat gudda. Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 233
  • 257. Conclusion Conclusion• Acharya charaka opines that there is nothing in this universe which is cannot be made use of for many purpose and many modes, in support of this here drug survey is carried out, which helps in knowing various properties of plants from the hidden treasure of local informers.• The literary survey and field survey of medicinal plants helps in identification of authentic source, to minimize the controversies, adulterants, and also to add newer drugs.• This also helps in knowing the natural habitat so as to encourage cultivation.• Knowledge of plants and its usage are very essential to become shreshta vaidya.• Previously the kappat gudda was teeming with life with its faunae and florae. Hundreds of rare medicinal plants were its precious possessions. Particularly the doves were seen here in large numbers and the hills came to be known as Kapota giri and formed lakes and reservoirs all over the spacious valley.• Since From last six decades due to thoughtless globalization and industrialization in mines ore, the richly laiden hills were rendered naked and bare by the selfish tramplers.• Most of the medicinal plants are in endangering state. Due to insufficient Rain lakes and small reservoirs are dried up and underground water level receded to the depths. The hectic mining activities of manganese and iron -ore raised dust storms and stained the hilly surroundings with the pigment of micro dust. Hence proper preservation and cultivation of medicinal plants are necessary in the kappat gudda with the proper measures to be taken for storage of rain fall water etc. Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 234
  • 258. Conclusion• Among 72 drugs, most of the drugs are Tridoshshamaka in nature.• There is considerable variation in the identity of the plants selected as raw drugs in ayurveda. In Nighantus a single plant is referred by several names indicating certain characteristics of the plant. In some cases the same names are used to denote some other plants as well. It is found that plants of different natural orders come under the same drug name. Moreover some easily available plants are substituted for the genuine one or used as adulterants. There is no consistency in the use of the vernacular names of a plant. The same plant is known by different names in different regions and this causes much confusion in the correct identification of the plants.• So an attempt was made on the investigation of the selection of the correct plants relating to the Ayurvedic drugs in the selected parts of kappat gudda in view of rich floral growth. Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 235
  • 259. ConclusionFUTURE PROSPECTIVE • To achieve the objectives of study the maximum work is to be done to present this field survey. Even though there is wide scope to study further. • The whole area of kappat gudda range study reveals the good sort of results. • In this study Considering the 5 Nighantus as a standard i.e. Dhanvantari Nighantu, Madanpal Nighantu,Raj Nighantu, Kaidev Nighantu, Bhavaprakash Nighantu properties, Synonyms, Actions and uses of total surveyed 72 drugs have been explained. Considering various nighantus as well as samhitas is taken up for further study. Survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 236
  • 260. Summary SUMMARY The present study is entitled “survey of medicinal plants in selected parts of kappat gudda with special reference to Dravyaguna shastra”.Here is an attempt to explore the treasure of knowledge of Ayurvedic science where thesurvey of medicinal plants in selected hilly parts of kappat gudda and its medicinal usesare considered.This study includes the following chapters Viz.Introduction, Objectives, Review ofLiterature and methodology. The next chapter contains Discussion and conclusion. 1) In the introduction part, Importance of Ayurveda, Importance of herbal medicine, necessity of field survey, Introduction to kappat gudda hill range ,Altitude of hill, Type of hill, Importance of kappat gudda ,Climate of the district, Range of selected parts of kappat gudda ,Geological importance of soil is presented. 2) Aims and objectives of the present study are mentioned in the objectives chapter. 3) Review of Literature The plants have been arranged in Alphabetical order according to their Sanskrit names so that their will be no difficulty for reading to find any particular drug on which information is required. • Latin name, Family, Kula and Gana This includes total surveyed 72 medicinal plants Latin names, Family, kula, Ganas according to charaka, sushruta and vagbhata respectively in the selected parts of kappat gudda. • Vernacular names and synonyms according to different Nighantus This includes total surveyed 72 medicinal plants at the selected parts of kappat gudda along with Indrayava’s(kutaja seeds)Vernacular names and synonyms according to different nighantus are mentioned. • Botanical Description and Habitat The Botanical Description and Habitat of total surveyed 72 medicinal plants along with plant photography’s at the selected parts of kappat gudda are described. Survey of Medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 237
  • 261. Summary • Useful Part according to different authors This includes total surveyed 72 medicinal plants useful parts (Leaf, Flower, Fruit, Gum, and Root etc) according to different authors at the selected parts of kappat gudda • Properties according to different Nighantus This includes total surveyed 72 medicinal plants at the selected parts of kappat gudda along with Indrayava’s (kutaja seeds) Rasa, guna, vipaka, virya and doshaghnata are explained. • Action and Uses according to different Nighantus The totally surveyed 72 medicinal at the selected parts of kappat gudda along with Indrayava’s (kutaja seeds) action and uses are described. • Methods of Purification Some of Medicinal plants which are available in Kappat gudda are toxic in nature they requires proper purification procedures as per classics. They are explained. • Contraindications Some of medicinal plants of selected parts of kappat gudda are contraindicated in certain Conditions. Those are described. • Vishishta Yoga’s Some of medicinal plants of selected parts of kappat gudda are having specific vishishta yogas.Those are explained in this present study.Methodology A. plan of the study B. Surveys and analytical tools C. Anthropology D. .Limitations of the study E .The data’s of the survey will be documented on the basis Systemic parameters F. Post survey Survey of Medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 238
  • 262. SummaryEach plant has been studied systematically in a following manner. • Identification • Nomenclature • Classification • Botanical description Discussion This Chapter deals with discussion and observations during the course of this present study. • The concept of drug survey has been tried to arrange in a systematic manner by explaining the methodology of survey as a separate section. This helps to have the clear knowledge of the required materials to be more contented during the drug survey. • In identification of different species the local names helps in distinguishing the varieties of plants and consideration of different sources. Collections of their experiences in different uses are helpful for safe administration. • Majority of the plants grown in this area are having madhura, tikta, katu, kashaya rasas predominantly, but surprisingly ushna and sheeta virya drugs are equally distributed in this area. Conclusion • The literary survey and field survey of medicinal plants helps in identification of authentic source, to minimize the controversies, adulterants, and also to add newer drugs. Survey of Medicinal plants in selected parts of Kappat gudda 239
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