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Sushruta samhita 5/lecture Series no 5 for BAMS Ist Year Padarth Vigyan & Ayu.Itihas Students
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Sushruta samhita 5/lecture Series no 5 for BAMS Ist Year Padarth Vigyan & Ayu.Itihas Students

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Sushruta Samhita is the main text of Surgery, It consists of all types of Surgical measures applied now a days. This Lecture will give you an idea about the formation of this great text in 1500 BC.

Sushruta Samhita is the main text of Surgery, It consists of all types of Surgical measures applied now a days. This Lecture will give you an idea about the formation of this great text in 1500 BC.

Published in: Health & Medicine, Spiritual

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  • 1. Dr.Mahesh Kumar Sharma (Assistant Professor) Dept. Of Basic Principles MSM Institute of Ayurveda BPS Mahila Vishwavidyalaya Email- ayurmahesh@gmail.com Lecture Series by Dr.Mahesh Sharma for BAMS Students. 1
  • 2. Brahma Samhita Bhaskar Samhita Dhanwantri Samhita The references were found in the classical text for the above said text. But today we don't have any text from the above mentioned texts. The cause may be that  These propagation of knowledge is orally. (Guru Mukhopdesha)  These were the mythological interpretation . Lecture Series by Dr.Mahesh Sharma for BAMS Students. 2
  • 3. As we learned in the section of Ayurvedaavataran, the Samhitas were made by the disciples  Charak Samhita (Medicine)  Sushruta Samhita (Surgery)  Kasyap Samhita (Paediatrics)  Bhel Samhita  Harit Samhita  Asthang Samgraha  Asthan Hridayam Lecture Series by Dr.Mahesh Sharma for BAMS Students. 3
  • 4.  In complete sense we have only charak samhita & sushruta samhita. The Asthang Samgraha & Asthan Hridayam were made from charak & sushruta samhita Bhel /Harit/Kasyap samhitas get destroyed with the passage of time & now we have only some parts of those. Lecture Series by Dr.Mahesh Sharma for BAMS Students. 4
  • 5.       Lecture Series by Dr.Mahesh Sharma for BAMS Students. 5
  • 6. Lecture Series by Dr.Mahesh Sharma for BAMS Students. 6
  • 7. SAMUDRA MANTHANDemons on earth and Gods in heaven were interested , to obtain ambrosia – the Amrit from Ocean of Milk – the Ksheera Sagar.  Ambrosia was to make an individual immortal. However, it was not an easy task to obtain ambrosia from the ocean of milk individually for both of them. It was then decided that both the groups would share the task as well as the outcome. Lecture Series by Dr.Mahesh Sharma for BAMS Students. 7
  • 8. Accordingly, both the groups churned the Ksheer Sagar, using Meru Parvata (A large mountain) as the agitator and Adiseshu (A large and strong snake) as the rope. It later followed with outcome of Ambrosia. Dhanvantari emerged out of Ksheera Sagar, with a vessel of Amrita in one hand and a set of Herbs in another. Lecture Series by Dr.Mahesh Sharma for BAMS Students. 8
  • 9. Since then, Indian Mythology regards Dhanvantari as the God of Health and immortaility. Lecture Series by Dr.Mahesh Sharma for BAMS Students. 9
  • 10.  Embodiment of lord Vishnu.  Who emerged with the amrit kalash and ayurveda . Lord Dhanwantri has the same value of Ashwini kumar’s in the vedic kala. He got the goddism in Dwapara yug in the form of Kashiraj Devodas Dhanwantri. Dhanwantri term is used for the person’s who expretise in the field of surgery. He had his Gurukul at Varanasi . Lecture Series by Dr.Mahesh Sharma for BAMS Students. 10
  • 11.  1000-1500BC In Sushruta Samhita the yug is of five years which is also mentioned in Vedang jyotish No counting of week days ,they came in tradition after 1000BC Sushruta started the year with sishir ritu and in panini the same was started with vasata riru. So it indicates the difference of time. Lecture Series by Dr.Mahesh Sharma for BAMS Students. 11
  • 12. There are two Sushruta were found in formation of Sushruta Samhita. 1. Vridha Sushruta The Vridha Sushruta was the disciple of Dhwantri who wrote Sushruta tantra 1000 – 1500 BC. 2. Sushruta Son of Vishwamitra. Who recollect the sushruta samhita . Lecture Series by Dr.Mahesh Sharma for BAMS Students. 12
  • 13.  word was used in sushruta samhita & it is taken from greek word . The time period of greeks in india is 400 BC.  Nagarjuna was in kanisk kala i.e 200 AD quoted sushruta. The Yuktaseniya chapter deals with Miltary Science. This indicates its time of Satvahans (200 BC) The reference of Sasthi Pooja is famous in Gupt kala. Lecture Series by Dr.Mahesh Sharma for BAMS Students. 13
  • 14.  In ritucharya chapter , firstly Sheetritucharya and again varsha ritucharya were divided in two parts. Ekendranath gosha on the basis of maths found that there is a difference of 1500 years in these two classifications.  All these evidences reveals that the sushruta is of 200 BC. Lecture Series by Dr.Mahesh Sharma for BAMS Students. 14
  • 15.  The Nagarjuna who made Pratisanskar of Sushruta samhita belongs to 500 AD.  The strongest authority for is that kautilya 200 BC had described tantrayukti and the same were coded in sushruta samhita.  Again vagbhatta in 600 AD coded the same. So this proves it s time . Lecture Series by Dr.Mahesh Sharma for BAMS Students. 15
  • 16. The uttar tantra of sushruta samhita was added by nagarjuna. The impact of bodha darshan on sushruta samhita is also contributed to nagarjuna. The depreciation of Surgery is also because of ahinsa vada of bodha darshan. Lecture Series by Dr.Mahesh Sharma for BAMS Students. 16
  • 17. He had done Patha Shuddhi of sushruta samhita. The time period of chandrata is 10 th AD. He was son of Thistacharya (the writer of famous book Chikitsa kalika). He had done his work on the basis of commentary of Jejjata. He provide a new look & life to Samhita which is compatible to the scenario. Lecture Series by Dr.Mahesh Sharma for BAMS Students. 17
  • 18. 1 SUTRASTHANA 46 CHAPTERS 2 NIDANA STHANA 16 CHAPTERS 3 SHARIR STHANA 10 CHAPTERS 4 CHIKITSA STHANA 40 CHAPTERS 5 KALPA STHANA 08 CHAPTERS UTTARA TANTRA 66 CHAPTERS Lecture Series by Dr.Mahesh Sharma for BAMS Students. 18
  • 19. 1. The main text of Surgery till date. 2. The method of study ,training (sutrasthana 2/3/4/5 3. 4. 5. 6. chapters). The method of dissection is fully demonstrated. 60 measures were described for wound management. The plastic surgery for nose & ear. The use of para surgical measures i. e.-agni, kshar, jalauka etc. Lecture Series by Dr.Mahesh Sharma for BAMS Students. 19
  • 20. 7. Emergency care in case of Dhoompghat, sunstroke, blood loss. 8. Origin of life in sharir sthana. 9. Definition of complete Health, S.Su-15/41 10.Toxicology (Kalpasthana), Miltary Science in yuktseniya chapter. Etc. Lecture Series by Dr.Mahesh Sharma for BAMS Students. 20
  • 21. 1 GAYADASS Brihat Panjika or NayaChandrika 2 CHAKRAPANIDUTTA (11 AD) Bhanumati (on sutrasthana) 3 DALHAN (13 AD) Nibandhasamgraha 4 HARANCHANDRA Sushrutartha Sandipana 5 BHASKAR GOVIND GHANEKAR Hindi Commentary 6 AMBIKA DUTTA SHASTRI Hindi Commentary 7 ATRIDEVA VIDYAALANKAAR Hindi Commentary Lecture Series by Dr.Mahesh Sharma for BAMS Students. 21
  • 22. And in the end , it is not the years in your life that count. It is the life in Lecture Series by Dr.Mahesh Sharma for BAMS Students. 22