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Lif dan eskalator
Lif dan eskalator
Lif dan eskalator
Lif dan eskalator
Lif dan eskalator
Lif dan eskalator
Lif dan eskalator
Lif dan eskalator
Lif dan eskalator
Lif dan eskalator
Lif dan eskalator
Lif dan eskalator
Lif dan eskalator
Lif dan eskalator
Lif dan eskalator
Lif dan eskalator
Lif dan eskalator
Lif dan eskalator
Lif dan eskalator
Lif dan eskalator
Lif dan eskalator
Lif dan eskalator
Lif dan eskalator
Lif dan eskalator
Lif dan eskalator
Lif dan eskalator
Lif dan eskalator
Lif dan eskalator
Lif dan eskalator
Lif dan eskalator
Lif dan eskalator
Lif dan eskalator
Lif dan eskalator
Lif dan eskalator
Lif dan eskalator
Lif dan eskalator
Lif dan eskalator
Lif dan eskalator
Lif dan eskalator
Lif dan eskalator
Lif dan eskalator
Lif dan eskalator
Lif dan eskalator
Lif dan eskalator
Lif dan eskalator
Lif dan eskalator
Lif dan eskalator
Lif dan eskalator
Lif dan eskalator
Lif dan eskalator
Lif dan eskalator
Lif dan eskalator
Lif dan eskalator
Lif dan eskalator
Lif dan eskalator
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Lif dan eskalator

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  • please add the slide show about the calculating of elevator needed in a high rise building! thanks a lot
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  • mohon share...for teaching purpose..tq
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  • good slide shows. Utamakan Bahasa Malaysia
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  • bru stedy..hahaha
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  • good slide show....
    but, why the word in dual language?
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  • 1. rahayu.hayat<br />1<br />TOPIC 6<br />TRANSPORTATION <br />IN TALL BUILDING<br />
  • 2. rahayu.hayat<br />2<br />LIFT<br />(ELEVATOR)<br />LIFT is a vertical transport equipment that efficiently moves people or goods between floors of a building or other structure.<br /> Elevators are generally powered by electric motors that either drive traction cables or counterweight systems like a hoist, or pump hydraulic fluid to raise a cylindrical piston like a jack.<br />
  • 3. rahayu.hayat<br />3<br />Lifadalahmesin yang digunakanutkkemudahanmengangkutpenumpang @ peralatanke unit ygtinggidalamsesebuahbangunandgnkawalanelektronik & elektrikal.<br />
  • 4. rahayu.hayat<br />4<br /><ul><li>Keperluanterhadapbangunanmelebihi 3 tingkat.
  • 5. Piawaianperkhidmatanlif minima – 1 lifuntuksetiap 4 tingkatdenganjarakmaksima 45 m kelobilif.
  • 6. Anggaranruanglantai & keupayaankeretalifadalahberdasarkankeluasan 0.2 m2 /orang.</li></li></ul><li>rahayu.hayat<br />5<br />Elevator design by the German engineer KonradKyeser (1405)<br />
  • 7. LOCATION<br />rahayu.hayat<br />6<br /><ul><li>Kedudukanlifmestilahpadalokasiygmenyediakanjalanmasukygmudahkepadasemuapenggunasesebuahbangunan – pintumasukutamalobi-lobipejabat , hotel , apartment ,dll.
  • 8. Lifberkumpulan (berkelompok) pentinguntukkeselesaanpengguna.</li></li></ul><li>Pencapaiansesebuahlifbergantungkepada:<br />rahayu.hayat<br />7<br /><ul><li>Pemecutan ( acceleration).
  • 9. Kerencatan (retardation ).
  • 10. Kelajuankeretalif (car speed)
  • 11. Speed of door operation.
  • 12. Stability of speed & pencapaianlifdrsegikelainanbebanygditanggungolehkeretalif.
  • 13. Bilanganlifmemberikesanterhadapkualitiperkhidmatansesebuahlif .Cth : 18 org dlm 1 lifmemberikeupayaanygsamaberbanding 24 org /1 liftetapimasamenungguakanlebihberganda. </li></li></ul><li>rahayu.hayat<br />8<br />LIFT SYSTEM<br />Lifkabel<br /><ul><li>Untukbangunanygtinggimelebihi 10 tingkat.
  • 14. Kos lebihtinggidaripadalifhidraulik</li></li></ul><li>rahayu.hayat<br />9<br />
  • 15. 2) Lifhidraulik<br />rahayu.hayat<br />10<br /><ul><li>Menggunakanminyakhidraulik
  • 16. Untukbangunanbertarafrendah.
  • 17. suatusistemdimanacecair (minyakmentah), dipamdalamlubangdibawahtekanantinggibagimenjalankanpam jet.</li></li></ul><li>rahayu.hayat<br />11<br />
  • 18. rahayu.hayat<br />12<br />
  • 19. Kebaikanhidrauliklif :<br />rahayu.hayat<br />13<br /><ul><li>Mampuuntukmembawabebanygsangatberat.
  • 20. Berkesanditingkatyg rata
  • 21. Mempunyaiciriperjalananyglancar.
  • 22. bilikkilangbertingkatrendah .</li></li></ul><li>rahayu.hayat<br />14<br />JENIS-JENIS LIF :<br />Lif hospital<br /><ul><li>Rekabentuklifmampumembawa</li></ul>katilpesakit & penumpang.<br /><ul><li>Kelajuandiantara 0.5 m/s dan 1.75 m/s
  • 23. Mempunyai 2 pintudihadapan & belakanglifbertujuanmemudahkanpemindahanpesakitdari wad ke wad @ kebilikpembedahan.</li></li></ul><li>rahayu.hayat<br />15<br />
  • 24. rahayu.hayat<br />16<br />2. LifBomba<br /><ul><li>Di peruntukkankhasmengikut undang2 kecilbangunantempatan.
  • 25. Mempunyai ciri2 sepertilifpenumpang
  • 26. Mempunyaikuncikhasutkmembolehkanpihakbombasahajaygmenggunakannyasekiranyaberlakukebakarandanpenumpang lain tidakbolehmenaikinya.</li></li></ul><li>rahayu.hayat<br />17<br />3. LifPenumpang (Passenger Lift)<br />Digunakanuntukmembawapenumpangdandipasangdidalambangunan-bangunanpejabat, hotel & pangsapuri.<br />Kelajuannyalebihtinggiberbandinglif hospital ( 1.0 m/s – 10 m/s ) bergantungkpdketinggian.<br />
  • 27. rahayu.hayat<br />18<br />
  • 28. rahayu.hayat<br />19<br />
  • 29. rahayu.hayat<br />20<br />
  • 30. rahayu.hayat<br />21<br />PERANCANGAN UTK SESUATU LIF:<br />merancangsusunaturdankedudukanlifygakanditempatkandidalamsesebuahbangunanberkenaan.<br />Muatan yang diperlukan.<br />Perhentian /interval<br />Car- muatan & lebarbukaanpintubgsesebuahlif.<br />
  • 31. rahayu.hayat<br />22<br />Kelajuanliftersebut<br />Pengiraanbagipusinganmasaberhenti (round trip time) dankemampuanmuatan (handling capacity).<br />
  • 32. rahayu.hayat<br />23<br />KEPERLUAN LIF DALAM BANGUNAN<br />1. KehendakUndang-undang Kecil Bangunan, 1984.<br />Menetapkanbgnygbersifatbukankediamanwajibdipasangsistemlifsekiranyabgnmelebihi 4 tkt.<br />
  • 33. rahayu.hayat<br />24<br />2) KepentinganPengguna<br /><ul><li>Pejabat , hospital, pusatmembeli –belah @ pangsapuri (tempattumpuan org ramai)
  • 34. Kepentinganekonomipemilikbangunanyginginseramaipengunjungygboleh.
  • 35. Menyediakankemudahan & keselesaankpdpengunjung.</li></li></ul><li>rahayu.hayat<br />25<br />3) Mengatasikeadaankecemasandlmbgn.<br /><ul><li>Kehendakpihakbombamemastikanbgnmempunyailifkecemasanbomba.
  • 36. Pemilikbangunanmenjaminkankeselamatanpengguna.</li></li></ul><li>rahayu.hayat<br />26<br />BAHAGIAN-BAHAGIAN DI DALAM LIF :<br />Keretalif (lift car)<br />Kabel2 lif (Cable lift)<br />Mesinmenariklif (lif machine)<br />Peralatankawalan (control equipment)<br />Penimbangberat (counterweight)<br />Sesalurlif ( lift hoistway)<br />
  • 37. rahayu.hayat<br />27<br />Relpanduan (guide rails)<br />Bilikmesinatas (penthouse)<br />Lubanglif ( pit)<br />Penimbal (buffer)<br />
  • 38. rahayu.hayat<br />28<br />
  • 39. rahayu.hayat<br />29<br />ESCALATOR<br />
  • 40. rahayu.hayat<br />30<br />CREATIVE ESCALATOR<br />
  • 41. rahayu.hayat<br />31<br />
  • 42. rahayu.hayat<br />32<br />
  • 43. rahayu.hayat<br />33<br />
  • 44. rahayu.hayat<br />34<br />Spiral escalator in Hong Kong<br />
  • 45. rahayu.hayat<br />35<br /><ul><li>a moving staircase
  • 46. a conveyor transport device for carrying people between floors of a building.
  • 47. The device consists of a motor-driven chain of individual, linked steps that move up or down on tracks,
  • 48. allowing the step treads to remain horizontal</li></li></ul><li>rahayu.hayat<br />36<br /><ul><li>to move pedestrian traffic in places where elevators(lift) would be impractical.
  • 49. Principal areas of usage include department stores, shopping malls, airports, transit systems, convention centers, hotels, and public buildings.</li></li></ul><li>rahayu.hayat<br />37<br />THE BENEFITS OF ESCALATORS <br />They have the capacity to move large numbers of people, <br />they can be placed in the same physical space as one might install a staircase. <br />They have no waiting interval (except during very heavy traffic),<br />they can be used to guide people toward main exits or special exhibits, and they may be weatherproofed for outdoor use.<br />
  • 50. rahayu.hayat<br />38<br />Outdoor Escalator Near National Museum Of Singapore.<br />
  • 51. rahayu.hayat<br />39<br />OPERATIONOF ESCALATORS <br />are powered by constant-speed alternating current motors <br />move at approximately 1–2 feet (0.30–0.61 m) per second. <br />The typical angle of inclination of an escalator to the horizontal floor level is 30 degrees <br />standard rise up to about 60 feet (18 m)<br />Modern escalators have single piece aluminum or steel steps that move on a system of tracks in a continuous loop..<br />
  • 52. rahayu.hayat<br />40<br />The last wooden escalators in New York. Operated in Macy's Herald Square since 1927.<br />
  • 53. rahayu.hayat<br />41<br />COMPONENTS<br />Landing platforms <br />Truss<br />Tracks <br />There are actually two tracks: one for the front wheels of the steps (called the step-wheel track) and one for the back wheels of the steps (called the trailer-wheel track<br />Steps <br />Handrail<br />
  • 54. rahayu.hayat<br />42<br />The Transparent Truss.<br />
  • 55. rahayu.hayat<br />43<br />
  • 56. rahayu.hayat<br />44<br />Escalators have three typical configuration options:<br />Parallel<br />Crisscross<br />Multiple Parallel<br />
  • 57. rahayu.hayat<br />45<br />PARALLEL ( SELARI )<br /><ul><li>up and down escalators "side by side or separated by a distance”
  • 58. Disusundalamsusunanselari.
  • 59. Duatempatmenaikieskalatorkebawah & keatas,
  • 60. berdepandgnsatusama lain.</li></li></ul><li>rahayu.hayat<br />46<br />SIDE BY SIDE<br />
  • 61. KELEMAHAN <br />rahayu.hayat<br />47<br /><ul><li>Penggunaterpaksaberjalankelilingsepanjangjarakufukeskalatorutkketempatmenaikieskalator yang berikutnyautknaik @ turunkeparaslebihtinggi @ rendah.
  • 62. Rasionalsupayapengunjungmelaluiruang kedai2 utkmenarikpembeli.</li></li></ul><li>rahayu.hayat<br />48<br />SEPARATED BY DISTANCE<br />
  • 63. rahayu.hayat<br />49<br />MULTIPLE PARALLEL<br />two or more escalators together that travel in one direction next to one or two escalators in the same bank that travel in the other direction<br />
  • 64. "MULTIPLE PARALLEL”<br />rahayu.hayat<br />50<br />
  • 65. "MULTIPLE PARALLEL”<br />rahayu.hayat<br />51<br />
  • 66. rahayu.hayat<br />52<br />CRISSCROSS<br />minimizes structural space<br />requirements by "stacking“<br />escalators that go in one direction.<br />frequently used in department<br />stores or shopping centers <br />
  • 67. rahayu.hayat<br />53<br />CRISSCROSS SYSTEM<br />
  • 68. PENYENGGARAAN ESKALATOR :<br />54<br />rahayu.hayat<br /><ul><li>kerja-kerjapemeriksaan , pelarasandanpelinciranperlutetap & sistematik .
  • 69. Kerjapenggantiandanpembaikanmelibatkankomponeneskalatorsepertiberikut :</li></ul>Escalator power unit , Controller parts , Electrical switches , Wiring , Bearing, Governors and brakes , Step and chain wheels , Chains and sprockets , Steps and step treads , Comb plates Safety devices Handrails <br />
  • 70. TAMAT<br />rahayu.hayat<br />55<br />

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