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Handybook ICT

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    Handybook ICT Handybook ICT Presentation Transcript

    • FORM 5 LEARNING AREA 6INFORMATION SYSTEM
    • Topic 6.1 - Concepts of Information Systems 6.1.1 Definition
    • 6.1.1 Definition6.1.1.1 Give the meaning of data, information and information systems1 DATA IS A COLLECTION OF UNPROCESSED ITEMS, WHICH CAN INCLUDE TEXT, NUMBERS, IMAGES, AUDIO AND VIDEO.DATA ARE THE RAW, UNPROCESSED FACTS, INCLUDING TEXT, NUMBERS, IMAGES AND SOUND.2. INFORMATION IS DATA THAT ORGANIZED AND MEANINGFUL TO A SPECIFIC USER.3. INFORMATION SYSTEMS IS THE COLLECTION OF SOFTWARE, HARDWARE, DATA, PEOPLE AND PROCEDURE INFORMATION AND SUPPORTS USER ACTIVITY IN AN ORGANIZATION.1. DATA MERUPAKAN KOLEKSI BAHAN MENTAH YANG MENGANDUNGI SAMADA TEKS, NOMBOR, IMEJ, AUDIA DAN VIDEO2. INFORMASI ADALAH DATA YANG DIURUSKAN DAN BERMAKNA KEPADA PENGGUNA BERKAITAN3. SYSTEM INFORMASI ADALAH KOLEKSI PERISIAN, PERKAKASAN, DATA MANUSIA DAN INFORMASI BERPROSEDUR DAN MENYOKONG PENGGUNAKAN MELAKUKAN AKTIVITI DI DALAM ORGANISASI
    • 6.1.1 Definition6.1.2 Usage of Information Systems in Various Fields FIELDS GENERAL USAGEEDUCATION 1. KEEP TRACK OF STUDENTS STATISTICS AND GRADES 2. HELP STUDENTS AND TEACHERS IN ONLINE LEARNING AND DISCUSSION. 3. STORE SUBJECT CONTENT.BUSINESS 1. CARRY OUR ONLINE BUYING AND SELLING. 2. HELP PLAN THE DELIVERY OF GOODS AND SERVICES. 3. MAKE ROOM BOOKINGS AND FOR CHECKING THE BEST RATES.MANAGEMENT 1. SEE EMPLOYEE RECORDS. 2. ANALYSE PRODUCTS, SERVICES AND PRODUCTS PRICES. 3. PROCESS CUSTOMER ORDERS, ORGANIZE PRODUCTION TIMES AND KEEP TRACK OF PRODUCT INVENTORY. LAPANGAN KEGUNAANPELAJARAN 1. MENYIMPAN GRED DAN STATISTIK MURIDPERNIAGAAN 1. MENJALANKAN OPERASI TALIAN BERKENAAN PEMBELIAAN DAN PENJUALAN. 2. MEMBANTU PELAN PENGHANTARAN BARANGAN DAN PERKHIDMATAN. 3. MENJALANKAN TEMPAHAN SECARA TALIANPENGURUSAN 1. REKOD PEKERJA. 2. MENGANALISA PRODUK, PERKHIDMATAN DAN HARGA.. 1. MEMPROSES TEMPAHAN PELANGGAN, PENGURUSAN MASA DAN INVENTORI PRODUK
    • 6.1.3 Information System Components6.1.3.1 List the Information Systems Components• - Data - DATA• - Hardware - PERKAKASAN• - Software - PERISIAN• - People - MANUSIA• - Procedure - PROSEDUR
    • 6.1.3 Information System Components6.1.3.2 Define each of the Information System components1. HARDWARE IS A COMPUTER APPLIANCE SUCH AS KEYBOARD, MONITOR, UNIT SYSTEMS, MOUSE AND STORAGE THAT IS USED BY PEOPLE TO KEY IN AND DISPLAY DATA.2. PEOPLE IS COMPUTER USER SUCH AS CLERK, MANAGER, TEACHERS AND OTHER.3. SOFTWARE IS A PROGRAM USED IN COMPUTER INFORMATION SYSTEMS.4. DATA IS A RAW MATERIAL OPERATION AND UNPROCESSED SUCH AS NAME, MARKS AND OTHERS.5. PROCEDURE USER GUIDELINE OF THE FIX SYSTEMS. EXAMPLE USER MANUAL1. PERKAKASAN PENGGUNAAN KOMPUTER MELALUI KEYBOARD, MONITOR DAN SISTEM UNIT.MOUSE DAN STORAN DIGUNAKAN PENGGUNA UNTUK MENGISI DAN MEMAPAR DATA.2. MANUSIA ADALAH PENGGUNA KOMPUTER SEPERTI KERANI, PENGURUS, GURU DLL3. PERISIAN ADALAH PROGRAM YANG DIGUNAKAN DALAM SISTEM MAKLUMAT...4. DATA ADALAH BAHAN MENTAH/ASAS YANG BELUM DIPROSES.SEPERTI NAMA, MARKAH DAN SEBAGAINYA. .5. PROSEDUR PANDUAN PENGGUNA. CONTOH: MANUAL PENGGUNAAN
    • 6.1.3 Information System Components6.1.3.3 Describe the interrelation between information system components using a diagram. Procedure PROSEDUR Software Data PERISIAN DATA Hardware People PERKAKASANN MANUSIA Relationship between elements of Information Systems
    • 6.1.4 Types of Information Systems6.1.4.1 List five types of Information Systems• EXECUTIVE INFORMATION SYSTEM (EIS) / EXECUTIVE SUPPORT SYSTEM (ESS)• MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM (MIS)• TRANSACTION PROCESSING SYSTEM (TPS)• DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM (DSS)• EXPERT SYSTEM (ES) / ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENT (AI)
    • 6.1.4 Types of Information Systems 6.1.4.2 State the usage of each type of Information System INFORMATION SYSTEM USAGEEXECUTIVE INFORMATION SYSTEM -AN INFORMATION SYSTEM THAT PROVIDES(EIS) / STRATEGIC INFORMATION TAILORED TO THE EXECUTIVE SUPPORT SYSTEM NEEDS OF TOP MANAGEMENT.(ESS) -EIS IS A HIGHLY INTERACTIVE MIS COMBINEDSISTEM INFORMASI EKSEKUTIF WITH DSS AND AI THAT CAN PRESENT, SUMMARIZE,SISTEM SOKONGAN EKSEKUTIF AND ANALYZE DATA FROM ORGANIZATION’S DATABASE. -ESS IS DESIGNED TO BE EASY TO USE. SO AN EXECUTIVE WITH LITTLE SPARE TIME CAN OBTAIN INFORMATION WITHOUT EXTENSIVE TRAINING. -EIS ADALAH SISTEM INFORMASI YANG MEMBEKALKAN INFORMASI STRATEGIK UNTUK PENGURUSAN ATASAN -EIS SANGAT INTERAKTIF DI MANA MIS BERGBUNG DENGAN DSS DAN AI YANG BOLEH MELAKUKAN RUMUSAN DAN MENGANALISA DATA DARIPADA DATABASE PENGURUSAN EIS DIREKA SUPAYA MUDAH DIGUNAKAN SUPAYA PIHAK PENGURUSAN TIDAK MEMBUANG MASA MEMPELAJARINYA.
    • 6.1.4 Types of Information Systems6.1.4.2 State the usage of each type of Information System INFORMATION SYSTEM USAGEMANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM AN INFORMATION SYSTEM THAT PRODUCES(MIS) STANDARDIZED REPORTS IN SUMMARIZEDSISTEM INFORMASI PENGURUSAN STRUCTURED FORM. MIS SUMMARIZES DATA AND PRESENTS THEM IN REPORTS. MERUPAKAN SISTEM INFORMASI YANG MEMBEKALKAN LAPORAN TERSUSUN YANG BERSTRUKTUR DARIPADA DATA RUMUSAN MIS DAN MEMPERSEMBAHKANNYA DALAM BENTUK LAPORANTRANSACTION PROCESSING SYSTEM AN INFORMATION THAT HELPS AN(TPS) ORGANIZATION KEEP TRACK OF DAILYSISTEM PEMPROSESN TRASAKSI OPERATIONS AND RECORDS THESE EVENTS IN DATABASE. EXAMPLE SALES, PAYROLL, RESERVATIONS, SHIPPING, AND WORKER TRACKING. TPS IS SIMPLY RECORDS DATA. MERUPAKAN INFORMASI YANG MEMBANTU PENGURUSAN MENGESAN KERJA HAIAN OPERASI DAN MEREKODNYA DALAM DATABASE. CONTOH” GAJI, PENGHANTARAN DAN PENERIMAAN BARANG DANSEBAGAINYA..
    • 6.1.4 Types of Information Systems6.1.4.2 State the usage of each type of Information System INFORMATION SYSTEM USAGEDECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM (DSS) AN INFORMATION SYSTEM THAT ANALYZESSISTEM SOKONGAN KEPUTUSAN BUSINESS DATA AND PRESENTS IT SO THAT USERS CAN MAKE BUSINESS DECISIONS MORE EASILY. DSS ANALYZES DATA ADALAH SISTEM INFORMASI YANG MENGANALISA DATA PERNIAGAAN DAN MEMPERSEMBAHKANNYA SUPAYA KEPUTUSAN BOLEH DIBUAT..EXPERT SYSTEM (ES) / A TYPE OF APPLICATION PROGRAM THATARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENT (AI) MAKES DECISIONS OR SOLVES PROBLEMSSISTEM PAKAR / IN A PARTICULAR FIELD BY USINGKEPINTARAN BUATAN KNOWLEDGE AND ANALYTICAL RULES DEFINED BY EXPERTS IN THE FIELD. MERUPAKAN JENIS PROGRAM APLIKASI YANG MEMBUAT KEPUTUSAN DALAM PELBAGAI LAPANGAN MENGGUNAKAN PENGETAHUAN PAKAR DALAM BIDANG BERKAITAN
    • 6.1.5 Hierarchy of Data6.1.5.1 Define bit, byte, field, record, and fileDATABASE CONTAINS FILES, FILE CONTAINS RECORDS, RECORD CONTAINS FIELDS, FIELD CONTAINS BYTE/CHARACTERS AND BYTE CONTAINS BIT.PANGKALAN DATA MENGANDUNGI FAIL, FAIL MENGANDUNGI REKOD, REKOD MENGANDUNGI BAHAGIAN, BAHAGIAN YANG MENGANDUNGI BAIT/KAREKTOR DAN BAIT YANG MENGANDUNGI BIT
    • 6.1.5 Hierarchy of Data6.1.5.1 Define bit, byte, field, record, and file• BIT – COMPUTER STORE INFORMATION IN DIGITAL FORMAT, ON AND OFF CALLED LOGIC 1 AND LOGIC 0. THE SMALLEST ELEMENT IN A COMPUTER IS BIT AND HOLDS EITHER 1 OR 0. – KOMPUTER MENYIMPAN MAKLUMAT DALAM BENTUK DIGITAL, BUKA DAN TUTUP YANG DIPANGGIL LOGIK DAN LOGIK 0. ELEMEN TERKECIL IALAH BIT DAN HANYA MEMEGANG 0 DAN 1• BYTE – COMPUTER USES ONLY ONE BIT THAT CAN HAVE TWO SITUATION EITHER 1 OR 0. IT IS NOT PRACTICAL TO SAVE VAST INFORMATION. THEREFORE MORE THAN 1 BIT IS GATHERED. – ONE BYTE CONSIST OF 8 BITS, AND CAN CONSIST OF 256 VALUES. COMPUTER USES BYTE TO REPRESENT CHARACTER LIKE ‘A’ AND NUMBER ‘3’ AND SYMBOL ‘ *’. – KOMPUTER HANYA MENGGUNAKAN SATU BIT YANG MANA BOLEH ADA 2 SITUASI SAMADA 1 ATAU 0. – SATU BAIT MENANDUNGI 8 BIT DAN BOLEH MENGANDUNGI 256 NILAI. KOMPUTER MENGGUNAKAN BAIT UNTUK MEMPERSEMBAHKAN KAREKTOR SEPERTI ‘A’, ‘3’ DAN ‘SIMBOL’.
    • 6.1.5 Hierarchy of Data6.1.5.1 Define bit, byte, field, record, and file• FIELD – COMBINATION OF ONE OR MORE CHARACTER AND IT IS THE SMALLEST UNIT THAT CAN BE RETRIEVED. – KOMBINASI SATU ATAU LEBIH KAREKTOR DAN MERUPAKAN UNIT TERKECIL• RECORD - COLLECTION OF FIELD. - ADALAH KOLEKSI BEBERAPA LAPANGAN• FILE - COLLECTION OF RECORD. - KOLEKSI BEBERAPA REKOD• DATABASE – COLLECTION OF FILE. – KOLEKSI BEBERAPA FAIL
    • 6.1.5 Hierarchy of Data6.1.5.2 State the hierarchy of data: Database File Record Field Byte Bit
    • 6.1.5 Hierarchy of Data6.1.5.2 State the hierarchy of data: Database File File Record Record Record Record Field Field Field Field Field Field Field
    • Topic 6.2 - Software• 6.2.1 Definition
    • 6.2.1 Definition6.2.1.1 Define Database management Systems (DBMS)• DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS (DBMS)• A COLLECTION OF PROGRAMS THAT ENABLES US TO STORE, MODIFY, EXTRACT AND MANAGE INFORMATION FROM A DATABASE• DBMS ADALAH KOLEKSI-KOLEKSI PROGRAM YANG MEMBENARKAN PENGGUNA UNTUK MENYIMPAN, MENGUBAHSUAI, MENGECIL DAN MENGURUSKAN MAKLUMAT DARIPAD PANGKALAN DATA
    • 6.2.1 Definition6.2.1.2 List the benefits of using database.• DATA REDUNDANCIES AND INCONSISTENCIES ARE REDUCED.• ACCESS IS RESTRICTED TO AUTHORIZED PEOPLE.• INFORMATION CAN BE PRESENTED IN A VARIETY OF FORMATS.• DATA FILTERING IS MUCH EASIER.• DATA MANIPULATION CAN BE DONE EASILY.• USERS MAY SHARE DATA WITH ONE ANOTHER• KETIDAKKONSISTENAN DATA BOLEH DIKURANGKAN• MENGAKSES ADALAH SUKAR DAN HANYA PADA MEREKA YANG DIBENARKAN• MAKLUMAT BOLEH DIPERSEMBAHKAN DALAM PELBAGAI CARA• MENAPIS DATA LEBIH MUDAH• MEMANIPULASI DATA LEBIH MUDAH DILAKUKAN• PENGGUNA BOLEH BERKONGSI DATA DENGAN ORANG LAIN
    • 6.2.2 Features6.2.2.1 State the relationship between attribute (field), row (record) & relation (file)• DATA IS ORGANIZED INTO RELATED TABLES.• DATA DIURUSKAN KEPAD BEBERAPA TABLE• EACH TABLE IS MADE UP OF ROWS WHICH ARE CALLED RECORDS AND COLUMNS WHICH ARE CALLED FIELDS.• SETIAP TABLE ADA ROW UNTUK REKOD DAN COLUMN UNTUK FIELDS• EACH RECORD CONTAINS FIELDS OF INFORMATION ABOUT SOME SPECIFIC ITEM.• SETIAP REKOD MENGANDUNGI FIELDS MENGENAI MAKLUMAT SESUATU ITEM.
    • 6.2.2 Features6.2.2.1 State the relationship between attribute (field), row (record) & relation (file) Field Record
    • 6.2.2 Features6.2.2.2 Define the primary key and foreign key PRIMARY KEY• A FIELD THAT UNIQUELY IDENTIFIES EACH RECORD IN A FILE.• BERTINDAK SRBAGAI SATU ITEM UNIK YANG MEMBEZAKAN• SETIAP REKOD DALAM FAILFOREIGN KEY• A PRIMARY KEY THAT EXIST IN OTHER TABLES IN ORDER TO LINK THE• RELATED TABLES TOGETHER.PRIMARY KEYYANG WUJUD DALAM TABLE YANG LAIN DALAM BERTINDAK SEBAGAI PENGHUBUNG DENGAN TABLE YANG LAIN
    • 6.2.2 Features• 6.2.2.3 State the importance of primary key i. USED FOR THE PURPOSE OF INDEXING THE TABLES IN A DATABASE WHICH MAKES IT MORE EFFICIENT TO:  SEARCH FOR SPECIFIC RECORD  SORT THE DATA OR  LINK TABLES. i. HELPS TO AVOID DUPLICATING RECORDS. ii. PREVENTS NULL VALUES FROM BEING ENTERED IN THE UNIQUE FIELD. 1. PENTING SEBAGAI - MENCARI REKOD2 SPESIFIK - MERINGKASKAN DATA - MENGHUBUNG TABLE LAIN 2 MEMBANTU MENGELAKKAN PERSAMAAN DATA
    • 6.2.2 Features• 6.2.2.4 Differentiate between the primary key and foreign key PRIMARY KEY FOREIGN KEYMUST CONTAIN UNIQUE MAY HAVE DUPLICATE VALUESVALUESUSED TO UNIQUELY IDENTITY USED TO LINK TO A PRIMARYEACH RECORD IN A TABLE KEY IN ANOTHER TABLE PRIMARY KEY FOREIGN KEYMESTI ADA NILAI UNIK BOLEH ADA NILAI YANG SAMAMEMBEZAKAN SETIAP REKOD DIGUNAKAN UNTUKDALAM TABLE MENGHUBUNGKAN SATU TABLE DENGAN TABLE YANG LAIN
    • 6.2.3 Database Objects6.2.3.1 Define the following database objects/ tools: Tables, form, query, report.• TO ENABLE USERS TO RETRIEVE ALL THE RELATED INFORMATION FROM DIFFERENT TABLES.• THE PRIMARY KEY OF ONE TABLE BECOMES A FOREIGN KEY IN OTHER TABLE.• A PRIMARY KEY MAKES CREATING QUERIES, FORMS AND REPORTS EASIER.• A PRIMARY KEY IMPROVES DATA PERFORMANCE BY RELATING A SMALLER TABLE INTO MEANINGFUL DATABASE.• MEMBOLEHKAN PENGGUNA HUBUNGKAN DATA YANG SAMA PADA TABLE LAIN• PRIMARY KEY JAADI FOREIGN KEY PADA TABLE YANG LAIN• PRIMARY KEY BOLEHKAN MEMBUAT QUERY,BORANG DAN LAPORAN MUDAH• PRIMARY KEY MENAMBAHKAN DATA YANG BERHUBUNGAN MENJADI SESUATU YANG BERMAKNA
    • 6.2.3.2 Identify table, query, form and report as database objects/ tools.TABLE A COLLECTION OF COMPUTER DATA THAT IS ORGANIZED, DEFINED AND STORED AS ROWS AND COLUMNS. IN NON-RELATIONAL SYSTEMS, A TABLE IS CALLED A FILE KOLEKSI DATA YANG TERSUSUN, DIKENALPASTI DAN DISIMPAN SEBAGAI BARIS DAN LAJUR.FORM A FORM IS ESSENTIALLY A WINDOW IN WHICH YOU CAN PLACE CONTROLS THAT EITHER GIVE USERS INFORMATION OR ACCEPT INFORMATION THAT THEY ENTER. ACCESS PROVIDES A TOOLBOX THAT INCLUDES MANY STANDARD WINDOWS CONTROLS, SUCH AS LABELS, TEXT BOXES, OPTION BUTTONS, AND CHECK BOXES LEBIH MUDAH DIKENALI SEBAGAI ANTARA MUKA PENGGUNA. PENGGUNA BIASA AKAN HANYA MENGGUNAKAN PROGRAM MELALUI BORANG INI SAHAJA.
    • 6.2.3.2 Identify table, query, form and report as database objects/ tools.QUERY A QUERY IS ESSENTIALLY A QUESTION. FOR EXAMPLE, YOU MIGHT ASK, “WHICH RECORDS IN THE STUDENT TABLE LIVE IN IPOH?” WHEN YOU RUN A QUERY (THE EQUIVALENT OF ASKING A QUESTION), ACCESS LOOKS AT ALL THE RECORDS IN THE TABLE OR TABLES YOU HAVE SPECIFIED, FINDS THOSE THAT MATCH THE CRITERIA YOU HAVE DEFINED, AND DISPLAYS THEM IN A DATASHEET. QUERY ADALAH PERTANYAAN. DUA ATAU LEBIH TABLE BOLEH BERHUBUNG MELALUI QUERY. NAMUN SETIAP TABLE PERLU MEMPUNYAI KUNCI PRIMER YANG SAMA.
    • 6.2.3.2 Identify table, query, form and report as database objects/ tools.REPORT YOU USE REPORTS TO DISPLAY THE INFORMATION FROM YOUR TABLES IN NICELY FORMATTED, EASILY ACCESSIBLE WAYS, EITHER ON YOUR COMPUTER SCREEN OR ON PAPER. A REPORT CAN INCLUDE ITEMS OF INFORMATION SELECTED FROM MULTIPLE TABLES AND QUERIES, VALUES CALCULATED FROM INFORMATION IN THE DATABASE, AND FORMATTING ELEMENTS SUCH AS HEADERS, FOOTERS, TITLES, AND HEADINGS. REPORT ATAU LAPORAN ADALAH HASIL YANG DIKELUARKAN SETELAH PENGGUNA BEKERJA MELALUI BORANG ATAU FORM. LAPORAN ADALAH BERBENTUK KERTAS IAITU BAHAN YANG DICETAK.
    • 6.2.3.2 Identify table, query, form and report as database objects/ tools.RELATIONSHIP IN ACCESS, A RELATIONSHIP IS AN ASSOCIATION BETWEEN COMMON FIELDS IN TWO TABLES, AND YOU CAN USE IT TO RELATE THE INFORMATION IN ONE TABLE TO THE INFORMATION IN ANOTHER TABLE. FOR EXAMPLE, IN THE STUDENT DATABASE A RELATIONSHIP CAN BE ESTABLISHED BETWEEN THE STUDENT TABLE AND THE CLASS TABLE BECAUSE BOTH TABLES HAVE A CLASSID FIELD HUBUNGAN ADALAH ANTARA DUA ATAU LEBIH TABLE. HUBUNGAN DILAKUKAN ANTARA TABLE MELALUI QUERY.
    • 6.2.4 Data manipulation6.2.4.1 List the basic operations of data manipulation: 1. UPDATE KEMASKINI 2. INSERT LETAK 3. DELETE PADAM 4. RETRIEVE RETRIEVE 5. SORT MEMENDEKKAN 6. FILTER MENAPIS 7. SEARCH MENCARI
    • 6.2.4.2 State the usage of basic operations in data manipulation.1. UPDATE USED FOR CHANGING DATA IN A DATABASE TABLE. MENGEMASKINI/MENGUBAH DATA DALAM TABLE2. INSERT USED FOR ADDING RECORDS TO A DATABASE TABLE. MENAMBAH REKOD DALAM PANGKALAN ATA TABLE3. DELETE USED FOR REMOVING RECORDS FROM A DATABASE TABLE. DIGUNAKAN UNTUK MEMADAM REKOD DALAM PANGKALAN DATA TABLE4. RETRIEVE USED FOR RETRIEVING RECORDS FROM A DATABASE TABLE. DIGUNAKAN UNTUK RETRIEVE REKOD DALAM PANGKALAN DATA TABLE5. SORT USED FOR SORTING RECORDS IN A RECORDS IN A DATABASE TABLE. BERHUNA UNTUK MEMENDEKKAN REKOD DALAM PANGKALAN DATA TABLE6. FILTER USED FOR FILTERING RECORDS FROM A DATABASE TABLE. INSTEAD OF DISPLAYING ALL THE RECORDS IN A TABLE AND USE A FILTER TO DISPLAY ONLY THOSE RECORDS THAT YOU WANT TO SEE OR EDIT. MENAPIS REKOD DALAM PANGKALAN DATA TABLE.7. SEARCH USED FOR FINDING RECORD FROM A DATABASE TABLE AND LOCATE ONE OR MORE RECORDS TO FIND SPECIFIC DATA. MENCARI REKOD YANG INGINI / DIPERLUKAN
    • 6.3.1 Phases of Systems Development6.3.1.1 Describe the phases of systems development:1. ANALYSIS - SYSTEM DEVELOPERS WILL PERFORM PROBLEM ANALYSIS BY FINDING OUT THE NEEDS OF TARGET USERS. - SYSTEM DEVELOPERS ALSO IDENTIFY THE INPUT, PROCESS AND OUTPUT FOR THE NEW SYSTEM. - PEREKA SISTEM AKAN MELAKUKAN ANALISIS MASALAH DENGAN MENGENALPASTI KEMAHUAN PELANGGAN. PEREKA JUGA AKAN MEMASTIKAN INPUT, OUTPUT DAN PROSES UNTUK SISTEM BARU2. DESIGN - BASED ON THE NEEDS OF TARGET USERS, THE SYSTEM DEVELOPERS WILL DESIGN AN ENTITY RELATIONSHIP DIAGRAM (ERD). - BERDASARKAN KEPERLUAN PENGGUNA DENGAN MEMBUAT DIAGRAM HUBUNGAN.3. IMPLEMENTATION - IMPLEMENTATION PHASE IS THE PHASE WHERE SYSTEM DEVELOPERS CREATE DATABASE USING DATABASE SOFTWARE. - FASA INI MERUPAKAN FASA PEREKA MEREKACIPTA PANGKALAN DATA MENGGUNAKAN PERISIAN PANGKALAN DATA.
    • 6.3.1 Phases of Systems Development6.3.1.1 Describe the phases of systems development:4. TESTING - THE SYSTEM WILL BE TESTED BY THE TARGET USERS IN THE TESTING PHASE. IF THERE IS ANY ERROR DETECTED, THE SYSTEM DEVELOPERS WILL FIX THE ERROR. - SISTEM AKAN DICUBA DAN JIKA ADA RALAT, PEMBAIKAN AKAN DIBUAT.5. DOCUMENTATION - SYSTEM DEVELOPERS WILL PRODUCE THE DOCUMENTS FOR THE PROGRAM DURING THE DOCUMENTATION PHASE. - PEREKA AKAN MEMPERSEMBAHKAN DOKUMEN6. MAINTENANCE - THE SYSTEM DEVELOPERS CONTINUE TO PROVIDE SUPPORT DURING THE MAINTENANCE PHASE. THEY MONITOR THE SYSTEM PERFORMANCE AND MAKE CHANGES WHEN NEEDED. - PEREKA AKAN SENTIASA MEMASTIKAN SISTEM BERJALAN LANCAR WALAUPUN SISTEM TELAH DIJUAL
    • 6.3.2 Develop a Database Project Topic 6.3 – Database Development • 6.3.2 Develop a Database Project
    • 6.3.2 Develop a Database Project6.3.2.1 Identify a project.(BASED ON EXAMPLE :PERSONAL MUSIC COLLECTION SYSTEM)(CONTOH PROJEK” SISTEM KOLEKSI MUZIK PERIBADI)• THE PROBLEM IS : THE NUMBER OF CDS ARE INCREASING.• THE SOLUTION IS : TO DO A CATALOGUE• MASALAH “ JUMLAH CD SEMAKIN BERTAMBAH• PENYELESAINA MASALAH” MEMBUAT KATALOG
    • 6.3.2 Develop a Database Project6.3.2.2 Identify the project requirements.KEPERLUAN PROJEK• CAN STORE INFORMATION OF ALL THE CDS• EASY TO USE• FAST PERFORMANCE• BOLEH MENYIMPAN SEMUA MAKLUMAT CD• SENANG DIGUNAKAN• PRESTASI BAIK, CEPAT DAN LANCAR6.3.2.3 Classify project requirements into two tables.• - TABLES: SINGER, SONG AND ALBUM• - TABLES: PENYANYI, LAGU DAN ALBUM
    • 6.3.2 Develop a Database Project6.3.2.4 Design databases tables.
    • 6.3.2 Develop a Database Project6.3.2.5 Design databases tables. CREATE A DATABESE USING DATABASES SOTTWARE FOR EXAMPLE MICROSOFT ACCESS. MEMBUAT PANGKALAN DATA MENGGUNAKAN PERISIAN MICROSOFT ACCESS
    • 6.3.2 Develop a Database Project6.3.2.6 Create two tables that include the primary key for each table.
    • 6.3.2 Develop a Database Project6.3.2.7 Build a relationship between two tables..
    • 6.3.2 Develop a Database Project6.3.2.8 Enter data into the table.. ISI SEMUA MAKLUMAT MENGIKUT JENIS TABLE6.3.2.9 Crate a form that relates to the table content.
    • 6.3.2 Develop a Database Project6.3.2.10 Create a query to retrieve required information with one or more conditions.
    • 6.3.2 Develop a Database Project6.3.2.11 Generate a report.
    • 6.3.2 Develop a Database Project6.3.2.12 Gather all the documents from the above phases into a folio
    • 6.4 current and future development• 6.4.1 web based application
    • 6.4.1 web based application6.4.1.1. find out current and future development in computer information systemASSESSMENT 13.1