Robert Browning 罗伯特 · 布朗宁 (1812-1889) The Brownings 布朗宁夫妇 Elizabeth Barrett 伊丽莎白 · 芭蕾特 (1806-1861)
Mr. & Mrs Brownings Mr. Browning Mrs. Browning (1806-1861)
Robert Browning’s Works poetic idol 偶像 Shelley, influence “ Pauline”, “ 波琳” Imitation of Shelley “ Paracelsus”, “ 帕拉塞尔萨斯” “ Strafford”,” 斯特拉福德” Sordello , 《 索尔戴洛 》
Robert Browning’s Major Works Bells and Pomegranates 《铃铛和石榴树》 Vastness of the scope, grasp of human nature Lack of the spontaneous grace and charm Pippa Passes perfect fruit of youthful imagination 《皮帕走过了》
Robert Browning’s Major Works Dramatic Lyrics 《戏剧抒情诗》 Dramatic Romances 《戏剧故事及抒情诗》 Men and Women 《男男女女》 Dramatic Personae 《登场人物》 20,934 lines 12 books, 12 long dramatic monologues 戏剧独白 The Ring and the Book 《指环和书》 Home Thoughts from Abroad “ 海外乡愁”
Robert Browning’s Major Works The Pied Piper of Hamelin “ 引起喧嚣的哈姆林吹笛人” Home Thoughts from Abroad “ 海外乡愁” , “ 异域乡思” a narrative poem for children simple, clear, short lyrics: Last collection: Asolando 《 阿索兰多 》
Robert Browning’s Poetry
“Home-Thoughts, from Abroad” 《 异域乡思 》
“Meeting at Night” 《 深夜幽会 》
“Parting at Morning” 《 清晨离别 》
Robert Browning’s Contribution dramatic monologue 戏剧独白 (Part III, Para.2) 通过主人公的自白或评议来抒发情感的无韵诗体 . 诗人对人物的性格和行为不加评论，而让他们自 己向读者表白本人的思想和情感 , 从而使作品充满 了戏剧效果。诗歌的主人公常常滔滔不绝地追叙 往事，将自己的秘密或隐私和盘托出，而读者必 须凭借自己的审美意识来判断任务的性格与特征。
Comments (the last para.) 1.gallant, courageous and high-hearted figure 2.buoyant ( 轻快的，精神活泼的 ) optimism 3.preeminently （杰出的，卓越的） the poet of happy, healthy, energetic youth
E.B. Browning's Life and Career fall off the horse, illness and affliction pain and suffering The Battle of Maraton 《马拉顿之战》 A great epic, at 13 The Cry of the Children 《孩子们的哭声》 humanitarian protest against the criminal system of employing the child labor prevailing in 19th century
E.B. Browning's Life and Career Sonnets from the Portuguese 《葡萄牙十四行诗》１８５０ Casa Guidi Windows 《圭迪的窗子》 Aurora Leigh 《奥罗拉 · 利》 a support of the Italian to fight for the freedom A long poem of blank verse with 11,000 lines; modern English life of aristocratic lineage( 血统 ); a reflection of E.B. Browning's own personality. Poems before Congress 《在大会之前写成的诗》
E.B. Browning's Life and Career Characteristics: intimate, personal feeling Casa Guidi Windows 《圭迪的窗子》 aptly ( 名副其实地 ) called “ a woman’s love making with a nation.”
“ Sonnets from the Portuguese” 葡萄牙的十四行诗（第 43 首） by E.B. Browning Listen
From Sonnets from the Portuguese How do I love thee? Let me count the ways. 我究竞怎样爱你？让我细数端详。 I love thee to the depth and breadth and height 我爱你直到我灵魂所及的深度、 广度和高度，
From Sonnets from the Portuguese My soul can reach, when feeling out of sight 摸索着存在的极致和美的理想。 For the ends of Being and ideal Grace. looking for, searching out of the real world ( 深度、广度和高度， ) 我在视力不及之处 existence
From Sonnets from the Portuguese I love thee to the level of everyday’s 我爱你像最朴素的日常需要一样， Most quiet need, by sun and candlelight. 就像不自觉地需要阳光和蜡烛。 就阳光和烛光而言
From Sonnets from the Portuguese I love thee freely, as men strive for Right; 我自由地爱你，像人们选择正义之路， I love thee purely, as they turn from Praise. 我纯洁地爱你，像人们躲避称赞颂扬。
From Sonnets from the Portuguese I love thee with the passion put to use 我爱你用的是我在昔日的悲痛里 suffering In my old griefs, and with my childhood’s faith. 用过的那种激情，以及童年的忠诚。
From Sonnets from the Portuguese I love thee with a love I seemed to lose 我爱你用的爱，我本以为早已失去 With my lost saints —I love thee with the breath, （与我失去的圣徒一同）；我爱你用 ( 笑容、眼泪、 ) 呼吸 ( 和生命！ )
From Sonnets from the Portuguese I shall but love thee better after death. ( 我爱你用笑容、 ) 眼泪、呼吸和生命！只要上帝允许， Smiles, tears, of all my life! –and , if God choose, 在死后我爱你将只会更加深情。 飞白 译
Sommets from the Portuguese
How to answer the question? In what way does she show her love?
E.B. Browning's Life and Career A soul-touching love poem, showing her loving soul and depth of her love for Mr. Browning whose power of love helped her recover from her paralysis. “ Sonnets from the Portuguese” 赠给丈夫真挚感人的爱情诗，诗句精练，才气横溢， 被认为是 19 世纪中叶英国的优秀诗作。 poem
Questions How to answer the question ? What methods does the poet use to enhance the theme?
What methods does the poet use to enhance the theme?
1.point of view
1) diction: metaphor, simile, repetition
My soul can reach, when feeling out of sight
2) syntax: balanced structure
breath, smiles, tears
Try to write a short essay to comment on the writing style.
Novel Reading and Understanding
What are the differences between stories and novels?
How many kinds of novels do you know?
Major Kinds of Novels
Picaresque novel ( 流浪汉小说 )
Epistolary novel( 书信小说 )
Sentimental novel( 伤感小说 )
Pastoral novel( 田园小说 )
Major Kinds of Novels
1) Picaresque novel( 流浪汉小说 )
a chronicle, usually autobiographical, presenting of the life story of the adventures of a rascal of low degree, who makes a living more by his wits than by his hard work, such as
Defoe’s Jonathan Wild the Great , Dickens’s Pickwick Papers , Mark Twain’s Huckleberry Finn .
2) Epistolary novel( 书信小说 ):
the narrative in the novel is carried forward by letters written by one or more of the characters, such as
Samuel Richardson’s Pamela and Clarissa , Alice Walker’s The Color Purple .
3) Sentimental novel( 伤感小说 ):
an overindulgence (over enjoyment) in emotion, especially the conscious effort to induce ( 诱使，产生 ) emotion in order to enjoy it, and an overemphasis on the goodness of humanity, such as
Goldsmith’s The Vicar of Wakefield , Laurence Sterne’s Tristram Shandy.
4)Pastoral novel( 田园小说 ):
fiction that presents rural life as an pleasant condition, such as
D. H. Lawrence’s Rainbow and Lady Chatterley’s Lover .
5)Historical novel :
a detail reconstruction of a personage, a movement, a series of events, or the spirit of an age in the past that is based on facts, such as
Gibbon’s Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire,
Thackeray’s Esmond .
6) Psychological novel:
a special emphasis upon interior characterization, an interpretation of “the invisible life”, such as
George Eliot’s Adam Bede , The Mill on the Floss and Silas Marner ,
Conrad’s Heart of Darkness .
7) Stream-of-consciousness novel:
using interior monologue to covey the internal experience of the character so as to produce an effect as if the reader were overhearing an expression of the stream of thought and feeling flowing through the character’s mind, such as
James Joyce’s Ulysses and Finnegans Wake ,
Virginia Woolf’s The Waves ,
William Faulkner’s The Sound and the Fury .
8) Apprenticeship novel:
about a young man’s bringing-up and education, about his discovery of the meaning of life or his knowledge of the world, such as
Dickens’s Great Expectations and
J. D. Salinger’s Catcher in the Rye .
Other Kinds of Novels
There are still some other kinds of novels, as realistic novel , impressionist novel , colonial novel, detective story, allegorical novel, erotic novel ( 性爱小说 ), satirical novel, science fiction, etc.