HOW TO USE CHATGroup 6 :Ayu Melati 201012501177Maemunah 201012501169Siti Mahiroh 200912500709
Chat in language teaching Types of chat Chat programs Why use chat in language teaching? How to start using text or voice chat with learners? How to structure a text or voice chat lesson? A sample text chat lesson plan
Chat is a tool that allows forsynchronous, i.e. real-time, communication over the internet. Chat has enormous potential to linkstudents around the world, in real time. Chat can link up classes and groups indifferent locations, as part ofcollaborative project work.
1. Text chatCommunication between chat users takesplace via typed text.2. Audio or voice chatCommunication between chat users takesplace via audio, much like a phoneconversation, but is conducted on theinternet.3. Public chatThere are innumerable public chat rooms onthe internet, on a huge variety oftopics, which any user can join.4. Private chat (instant messaging)This requires the installation of a clientprogram, which connects individual usersover the internet. Private chat offer thecombination of text chat, voice chat, and
Types of chatPrivate
Free topics chatHere, there is no topic or agenda set for the chat, and nospecific moderator role. Collaborative, task-oriented chatsWith this, learners meet via chat out of class to complete areal task. Informative or academic chatsThis kind of chat disseminates information. Practice chatThese chats will practice a specific function or form oflanguage, or a specific skill or strategy, and will probablytake place out of the class time.
Skype ( www.skype.com)Skype is a free software or chat program that allows you to make video calls for freecall when we are conducted on internet .By using skype you can call, chat, videocall, or transfer files to other Skype users all over the world. Netmeeting (http://www.microsoft.com/windows/netmeeting/)Netmeeting is an application program that usually comes fromWindows, usually onWindows XP. Function of the application program,that is as a communication mediabetween PC, as a media of data transmission or sharing of data and as a means ofcontrolling.
Does using text orvoice chat withlearners improvetheir English?Text chat can often appear disjointed:conversation threads get lost orquestions are ignored; there areoverlapping turns; and conventions fortaking the floor are not automaticallyclear.Voice chat is more likely to makelearners produce more fluent language.
Text chat• Use ? to ask for the floor.• Use ‘….’ at the end of yoursentence to show that youhave not finished acontribution.• Use ‘.’ at the end of yoursentence to show that youhave finished a contribution.• Use square brackets [ ] tomake an aside to anotherparticipant, or an off-topicremark.• Explain abbreviations the firsttime you use them in achat, e.g. btw = by the way.Voice chat• Use a convention to ask forthe floor – this could be viatext, or a special phrase suchas Turn Please.• Use a special phrase or wordsuch as Over or Done whenyou have finished speaking.• One participant should beresponsible for taking notesduring the chat.• The moderator can nominatequieter participants by nameto contribute.What kind ofEnglish shouldlearners use inchat?
What technicalskills doteachers andlearners need tobe able to usechat?Current chat software is very easy to install and use, so no specialtechnical skills are needed by either teachers and learners .
What benefitsdoes the use ofchat bring to theclassroom?ia) Can be hugely motivating to learners.b) Bringing current technology into the language learning process , creatingvariety by using a new tool and also opening up the possibility of contactingand communicating with classes in other parts of the world.c) To connect learners at a distance , from primary students to adults.
Is it better to usetext or voice chatwith learners?Text chat• Learners may alreadyuse text chat at home.• Brings currenttechnology into theclassroom.• Use of a new tool can bemotivating for learners.• Enables learners tomake contact withlearners in othercountries.• A low tech option.• Non threatening and easyto learn to use.• Chat transcript can beused later for languageanalysis.Voice chat• Learners may alreadyuse voice chat at home.• Brings currenttechnology into theclassroom.• Use of a new tool can bemotivating for learners.• Enables learners tomake contact withlearners in othercountries.• Real oral practice oflanguage.• Voice chat softwareincreasingly easy todownload and use.Advantages
Is it better to usetext or voice chatwith learners?Text chat• Text chat can be chaotic(overlapping turnsdisjointed, topic decay…)• Unclear whether text chatreally improves learnersEnglish.• Do we need to teach chatspeak?• Can be difficult to identifyerrors vs. typos vs. nonstandard chat speak.• Weaker typist are put at adisadvantage.Voice chat• Suitable for very smallgroups only.• Reliable broadbandinternet connectionneeded.• Recording chat may becomplex and requireother software.Disadvantages
Step 1 : Install and learnto use the softwareStep 2 : A practice chatclassStep 3 : Contact withanother class
1. A n i n s t r o d u c t o r y /w a r me r p h a s e :I n c l u d e d e t a i l e d i n t r o d u c t i o n s a n d a ne x c h a n g e o f personañ i n f o r m a t i o n . T h i ss t a g e s e r v e s t o s e t t h e s c e n e a n d a c t s a sa n i c e b r e a k e r .2. T h e ma i n c o n t e n t o f t h e c h a t :C o n s i s t s o f o n e m a i n t a s k , o r a s e r i e s o fs h o r t t a s k s .3. A c l o s i n g s t a g e :L e a r n e r s m a y s u m m a r i s e w h a t t h e y h a v eHow to structure atext or voice lesson
Sample Text Chat Lesson Plan Before the classCooperation between two or more teachers to makelesson plan for their class is needed in order tomake their learners meet via class project. Classroom management issuesThe limited facilities especially the computer in theclass that fewer than learners. During the chatThe learners complete a worksheet that contentsome information or notes of their chat partner. After the chatLearners change the information to be a profile withdigital photo.
ConclusionConsidered how chat can be used both in and outside the classroom.Looked at various types of chat.Given some examples of chat programsDiscussed why a teacher might want to use chat with learners .Look at some disadvantages and disadvantages of using text and voice chatwith learners, and learners .Looked in detail at how to implement text or voice chat with learners , andoutlined a sample text chat class.Provided a final summary on using text or voice chat with learners.