Adjective clause and relative clause


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Adjective clause and relative clause

  1. 1. Kelompok 1 by :Adwin Arga Putra (01)Agustina Widia Rahmawati (02)Anita Puji Lestari (04)Ayu Larissa Maharani (07)Ayu Nani Septiana (08)Tegar Aditama (36) XI IA2
  2. 2. Make of :1. Adjcetive clause2. Relative clause
  3. 3. First, let’s remember that adjectives modify (or describe) nouns and pronouns. Example: Intelligent students understand adjectives.(The word "intelligent" is an adjectivebecause it describes the noun"students.")
  4. 4. But adjectives are not always single words.Sometimes they are clauses:Example: Students who are intelligent understandadjectives.(The adjective clause is underlined. It is an"adjective" clause because it describes the noun"students.")
  5. 5. Remember  A clause is a group of related words with a subject and verb.  Adjective clauses are always dependent clauses.  Adjective clauses, like adverb clauses, are introduced by dependent signals.
  6. 6.  If you find yourself not caring a hoot in a far countryabout that, just remember that there are only fivedependent signals which introduce adjective clauses.They are: Who Whom Whose Which That
  7. 7.  Therefore, I call these little devils (sorry, I mean theserelative pronouns), double duty dependent signals. Again, the double duty dependent signals whichintroduce adjective clauses are: Who Whom Whose Which That
  8. 8. 2. Relative clauseA relative clause is a kind of subordinate clause,one of whose arguments shares a referent with amain clause element on which the subordinateclause is grammatically dependent.
  9. 9. relative pronounexample who subject or object pronoun for people I told you about the woman who lives next door. which subject or object pronoun for animals and things Do you see the cat which is lying on the roof? which referring to a whole sentence He couldn’t read which surprised me.
  10. 10.  whose possession for people animals and things Do you know the boy whose mother is a nurse? whom object pronoun for people, especially in non-definingrelative clauses (in defining relative clauses we colloquiallyprefer who) I was invited by the professor whom I met at theconference. that subject or object pronoun for people, animals andthings in defining relative clauses (who or which are alsopossible) I don’t like the table that stands in the kitchen.
  11. 11. Relative Adverbs A relative adverb can be used instead of a relative pronoun pluspreposition. This often makes the sentence easier to understand.This is the shop in which I bought my bike.→ This is the shop where I bought my bike.relative adverbo when Meaning : in/on which use : refers to a time expression Example : day when we met himo where Meaning : in/on which use : refers to a place Example : the place where we met himo why Meaning : for which use : refers to a reason Example : the reason why we met him
  12. 12. Thus the discussion of our group.