The laws and agencies relating food safety and sanitation


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Food safety and sanitation.

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The laws and agencies relating food safety and sanitation

  2. 2. INTERNATIONAL LAWS Acts & regulations applicable to the food industry are concerned with: • productionsale of injurious, unsafe, unfit or substandard food; • contamination of food; • sanitaton of food premises, equipment & personnel; • food safety practices, including temp. control & treatment; • control of food poisoning & food-borne disease; and • composition & labelling of food
  3. 3. Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) • health and safety of employees and members of the public • safe systems of work must be devised and supervision and training given to all staff • employees must ensure that their acts do not adversely affect other persons
  4. 4. EMPLOYEE'S RIGHT-TOKNOW ACT • legal framework • hazardous substances • -Occupational Safety & Health Administration -DOH -Department of Sanitation -Department of Labor
  5. 5. SANITATION CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES Chapter III of P.D 856 food Establishment Section 14. Sanitary Permit a.) b.) every sanitary permit shall be posted in a conspicuous place of the establishments c.) fees payable on application for permits and upon their issuances, renewal and noting of such certificates
  6. 6. d.) noting of permit e.) record of permit certificates f.) -name and address -wash-hand basin and all hand-washing facilities -wash-hand basin
  7. 7. Section 18. Use of Food-Service Spaces a.) b.)
  8. 8. c.) d.) Persons not directly connected with food preparation & serving shall not be allowed to stay in food-serving spaces e.) foods in storage must not be handled by anyone other than the preparation & serving staff
  9. 9. Section 19. Food handlers a.) b.)
  10. 10. Section 20. Vermin Control vermin - group of insects or animals a.) b.)
  11. 11. c.) vermin-abatement program shall be maintained in the establishment by their owners, operators or administrators. d.) e.) vermin control in public places shall be the responsibility of the provincial, city or municipality governments wc have jurisdiction over them. f.) LOCAL HEALTH AUTHORITY
  12. 12. Section 21. Toilet and Washing Facilities a.) b.) toilet rooms shall not open directly into spaces where food is prepared, stored and served c.)
  13. 13. d.)
  14. 14. Section 22. Disposal of Refuse
  15. 15. Section 23. Equipment and Utensils a.) they shall be designed, fabricated and installed so that cleaning is easy and they do not pose health hazards b.)
  16. 16. • c.) surfaces that come into contact w fooddrinks shall be constructed of materials that are impervious, corrosionsresistant, non-toxic, easily cleanable, durable and resistant to chipping d.)
  17. 17. Section 24. Washing of Utensils • scraped and pre-rinsed • thoroughly cleansed in warm water at 120 F • if running water is not used, the wash-water shall be changed frequently
  18. 18. Section 25. Electricidal Treatment • immersion for at least half a minute (hot water-170F) • immersion for at least 1min (lukewarm chlorine solution-30ppm) • exposure in steam cabinet (170F15mins) (200F-5mins) • exposure in an oven or hot air cabinet (180F-20mins)
  19. 19. Section 26. Handling of Washed Utensils
  20. 20. Section 27. Storage of Washed Utensils • stored in a clean and dry place • • racks, trays and shelves shall be made of materials that are impervious, corrosion-resistant, non toxic, smooth, durable and resistant to chipping
  21. 21. • racks, trays and shelves shall be made of materials that are impervious, corrosionresistant, non toxic, smooth, durable and resistant to chipping • drawers shall be made of the same materials and kept clean
  22. 22. Section 28. Dry Storage of NonPerishable Foods • the recomended temp. range for dry stores is 50-60 C except where dry foods for immediate use are stored in the preparation and servicing spaces
  23. 23. Section 29. Refrigerated Storage of Perishable Foods • • • • shall be kept at or below 45F extended periods(40F) fruits & vegetables -frozen foods: not more than 10F -meat and fish: 32-38F -milk & milk products: 40-45F -fruits & vegetables: 44-50F
  24. 24. Section 30. Food-Servicing Operations a.)
  25. 25. b.) surface of containers d.) and utensils wc come in contact with food and drink shall not be handled c.)
  26. 26. e.) spoons, spatulas, dippers and scoops used intermittently for dispensing frozen desserts shall be kept in running water maintained at 170F
  27. 27. REGULATORY AGENCY • BFAD • The ff. are the routine functions of BFAD related to food: -inspection & licensing -evaluation & registration -market monitoring -lab. analysis -evaluation & monitoring -public assistance & information -legal functions -adminitrative functions -special functions
  28. 28. Philippine Food Processing Industry
  29. 29. • BFAD • Four Strategies -licensing and inspection of food establishments -product registration -monitoring of trade outlets -monitoring of product advertisementsand process
  30. 30. Control Measures to Address Safety and Quality in the Processed Food Industry 1. Hygienic Safety Manufacturing Practices(GMP) • basic requirement by BFAD *bldg & grounds *equipment & other facilities *sanitary facilities & control *sanitary operations *processes & control *personnel
  31. 31. 2. HACCP • system of food safety control • increasingly important for all food businesses • minimum system of quality control of raw materials & manufacturing technologies • JMC
  32. 32. 3.) Safety and Quality Standards • BFAD • Codex and US CFR *Codex Alimentarius Commission *Sanitary and Phytosanitary