Station Redevelopment Communicaiton


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Electronic communication that I produced that targeted new rail clients and showcased Arup's rail services and where it added value. My emphasis was on strong visuals and simple copy. The communication was well received internally and externally. Subsequently it has been translated into Russian and a hard copy version has been produced.

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Station Redevelopment Communicaiton

  1. 1. Station Redevelopment A
  2. 2. Introduction Major stations, both underground and overground, are often large transport interchanges. As catalysts to stimulate urban regeneration they need to deliver on integration into the urban realm, customer satisfaction, programme, functionality and cost. Arup has developed an extensive portfolio of station interchange projects where planning, architecture, engineering, project management and specialist consulting services are combined to satisfy the unique demands of station redevelopment and regeneration projects. This is particularly the case for inner city developments where limited space, historic buildings and the dense urban fabric pose particular challenges. This also applies to associated air rights developments and the impact on operating stations and rail infrastructure. Stations have multiple interfaces with other transport modes, new and existing building developments, multiple land owners and local authorities, and public spaces. New funding vehicles such as Public Private Partnerships are adding to this complexity. Air rights developments, joint operator/developer alliances and regeneration programmes with external partners can also add opportunities for wider city improvements. King’s Cross St Pancras Underground Station, London Station Redevelopment
  3. 3. Case Study King’s Cross Station Redevelopment King’s Cross is an area of central London that is currently being transformed through a large rail regeneration programme. Two major station redevelopments are taking place - King’s Cross (both rail and underground) and St Pancras: both projects that are ultimately funded by the UK Department for Transport. The mainline station project is a total investment approaching £400m. Once completed the whole King’s Cross St Pancras interchange will be one of the major European transport hubs with direct links to Paris and Brussels via Eurostar, new suburban commuter routes (to the north and south east of London), ‘Javelin’ high-speed trains linking King’s Cross to Stratford and the 2012 Olympic Site in just 7 minutes, plus connectivity into the entire London Underground network. Arup is the lead consultant for the King’s Cross underground station redevelopment and is contributing as a major design consultant for the King’s Cross station redevelopment programme for the mainline station. We are providing multi- disciplinary services including tunnels and foundations, structural, mechanical, electrical, architecture, environmental, communications and specialist systems engineering, highways and traffic management, construction planning, quantity surveying, risk management and value engineering, acoustic and heritage structures advice. The station construction works are underway and the regeneration plans for the surrounding area are coming to the fore with the development of King’s Cross Central. This is a 67 acre mixed use development being led by the developer Argent. Arup has worked for many years with Argent providing strategic advice, planning input, transport planning, engineering and other specialist advice about how best to approach railway lands developments. King’s Cross Redevelopment, London Station Redevelopment
  4. 4. Station Business Case With limited availability of public spending on transport projects, the need for major interchange schemes to achieve value for money is a key challenge to their funding and delivery. Arup has an enviable record of success in delivering business case appraisals and submissions leading to grant funding and private sector investment. Rail stations and interchange projects deliver improved journey times, wider passenger choice, better station facilities, enhanced access to the transport network and broader urban realm improvements. This can lead to increased economic activity and the opportunity to improve the local area through renovation, new construction and development. Arup’s experience lies in capturing these benefits and quantifying the social and economic impacts of a scheme by setting direct and indirect revenues against the cost of improvements, crucial to proving the justification for investment. Arup has secured funding for a number of public sector interchange projects using techniques that give confidence and robustness to the cost/benefit appraisal. This has included employing a rigorous approach to programme, cost and revenue risks which is now a mainstream part of the current investment guidance. Arup also helps to facilitate private sector investment in interchanges and regeneration projects, integrating business case appraisal alongside wider engineering advice for project delivery. Our involvement at all stages of delivering one of the UK’s first major PPP transport schemes at Coleshill, Doncaster Interchange led to an award winning solution delivered to time and budget. Working with rail industry partners to deliver a new multi-modal interchange at Coleshill has further strengthened our knowledge of the commercial objectives and financial business case requirements for such schemes. Doncaster Interchange Station Redevelopment
  5. 5. Case Study Sheffield Station Arup prepared two funding bids for the improvement of Sheffield Midland Station and the adjacent public realm to transform the facility into a true gateway to the city and the surrounding area. We realised over £60m in investment from a wide range of funding partners that included a Rail Passenger Partnership bid to the UK Strategic Rail Authority (SRA) and a major scheme business case submission to the UK Department for Transport (DfT). The scheme combines quality and infrastructure improvements for waiting and interchange with significant highway and pedestrian works to improve links to the city centre. Infrastructure proposals took account of the need to provide better interchange with Sheffield Bus Interchange, including wayfinding, signage and improved pedestrian crossing facilities on Sheaf Street, part of Sheffield’s Inner Ring Road. Arup prepared the evaluation of the Sheffield Station Masterplan, and the major local highway improvement scheme adjacent to the station, to satisfy criteria for funding. The evaluation estimated the benefits associated with the scheme including time, safety, quality and vehicle operating cost savings. Importantly the scheme showed journey time improvements for public transport passengers, pedestrians and highway users, thereby delivering significant economic benefits. Arup prepared the formal bid documents and liaised with SRA and DfT as well as with the project partners: South Yorkshire PTE; Sheffield City Council; Railtrack; Midland Mainline and Sheffield One. SRA approved the scheme in December 2002 for approximately £13m of funding, the largest award for an infrastructure project in this region. A separate funding award of approximately £7m from DfT was secured for the highway © Darren Copeley/Flickr improvements and public realm works, all of which have been implemented. Sheffield Station Station Redevelopment
  6. 6. Interchange Planning An integrated design strategy is crucial to achieve the optimum solution in the design of major interchanges. Our planning expertise lies in being able to assess the feasibility of specific rail projects and understanding how rail can contribute to wider multi-modal transport strategies and the impacts of existing and planned regeneration projects in the locality. Recent examples of our work include King’s Cross St Pancras underground station and London Bridge station where we have provided guidance on capacity issues in light of major new large scale developments and the introduction of new transport services. The planning and layout of successful rail projects requires an understanding of demand forecasting, passenger flows, inter- modal splits, platform occupancy, walk times and congestion levels, operational safety and security, passenger information systems and revenue collection. The plethora of stakeholders involved in rail regeneration projects includes Government bodies, transport authorities, operators, developers and the general public. Arup has in-depth knowledge about the key drivers for these stakeholder groups and has developed strategic approaches that help our clients address their issues and achieve planning consents in a timely manner. Arup’s planning experience is also underpinned by our detailed knowledge of the latest planning and appraisal guidelines, funding options, procurement practices, and operations aspects for both heavy and light rail networks. Barnsley Interchange Station Redevelopment
  7. 7. Case Study Castleford Interchange The aim of the Castleford Interchange was to create a new concourse to enhance the building capacity for both rail and bus passengers as well as providing new office, retail and car parking facilities. The concourse building is adjacent to the existing railway station platform and the scheme will include new bus runways and provision for new short and long stay car parks. Arup assessed various renewable energy sources and identified the solution that would be most appropriate for this scheme. An assessment was also undertaken to analyse typical pay-back periods for the overall project with a summary of the advantages and disadvantages of each proposal. A transport assessment for the scheme and agreed all transport matters with Wakefield Metropolitan District Council. A planning application for the project was submitted in November 2006. Following land assembly and detailed design, the project is planned to start on site in 2008. Arup is also providing structural, mechanical & electrical, geotechnical and fire engineering services for this project. Castleford Interchange Station Redevelopment
  8. 8. Pedestrian Planning & Modelling Developing innovative, efficient and economical solutions that manage the multiple interfaces between passengers, operators, transport nodes, access roads and the public realm is the expertise that Arup’s pedestrian planners bring to station redevelopment programmes. Our Arup planning team has access to a wide variety of analytical tools which allow us to assess the movement and behavioural patterns of passengers in and around complex interchanges and public realm areas. These tools range from desktop static analysis to more complex dynamic simulation models that allow use to demonstrate visually to our clients how passengers may interact with the proposed layouts and areas where congestion may occur during peak periods. Some of the dynamic pedestrian simulation models that our teams are experienced in include Legion and Pedroute. We also draw on the skills of our human factors team from time to time to validate our modelling and to assess more situations where pedestrian behaviour is more complex. Our recent work has included static analysis of the impact of passenger demand growth on station crowding on Liverpool’s Merseyrail Electrics network and dynamic analysis of certain key London stations on the Thameslink Programme. © Nic Teeman - LCR Channel Tunnel Rail Link North Station Redevelopment
  9. 9. Integrated Station Design The complexity of combining station and regeneration projects requires a design team that is able to understand the overall project aspirations from both a technical and strategic perspective. Arup views the successful station design process as needing to incorporate a mix of technical competence, collaborative working and innovation in order to satisfy our clients underlying needs. Arup’s approach is based on highly specialised multi-disciplinary teams made up of engineers, architects and other specialist consultants who understand both station and building design. We look to analyse these complex schemes through logical reasoning and argument in order to produce design solutions that can be delivered. In order to deliver the right solution our experience has proven that the inclusion of highly specialised consultants for particular aspects of the scheme is essential. These services are outlined as follows: Human Factors IT/Communications Acoustics 4D Modelling Realtime Fire Strategy Arup’s integrated approach has led us on many occasions to reinterpret the brief in order to deliver innovative solutions that ultimately provide significant value to our clients. An example of this was at the King’s Cross St Pancras Underground station redevelopment where our multi-disciplinary team suggested the use of a disused service tunnel to divert all the main communications and services cabling that runs underground. This resulted in a saving of 18 months from the tunnelling programme by minimising the complex works that would have been necessary in order to continually reroute these vital Hong Kong Railway Station services in a congested urban location. Station Redevelopment
  10. 10. Case Study 2nd Avenue Line, New York Arup, in joint venture, has been retained by New York City Transit to provide all conceptual and preliminary multi-disciplinary engineering services for the new, multi-billion dollar, eight-mile subway line along Second Avenue in New York City. The Second Avenue Subway will be the first major new subway development in New York City for over fifty years, and will be the realisation of what was deemed a key element within the subway system since the major development plans of the early 1900s and as part of the City’s subway master plan of 1939. Ultimately, the subway line will run the entire length of Manhattan. It will connect with the Lexington Avenue Line and Metro-North at a new terminal station at 125th Street in Harlem and will run southwards, along the busy Second Avenue, to the southern tip of Manhattan. In total, the new, twin-track line will include sixteen new underground stations. Three of Arup’s many responsibilities on the project are relevant to many station redevelopment projects. Firstly we analysed passenger flows and integrated the results into the design of the stations to ensure that convenient access to each station will be achieved and so that safe and convenient flows through stations will be maintained at all times of day. Secondly we developed and implemented a web-based Geographical Information Systems tool for the project. New York City Transit regards the tool developed for the Second Avenue subway project as a model for all its data handling. Lastly, the geology of Manhattan varies significantly along the length of the subway. The complex interaction between the existing infrastructure, buildings, the subway itself and the ground conditions is a particularly challenging and demanding element of the design of the project. 2nd Avenue Subway Station Redevelopment
  11. 11. Integrated Station Design - Services Human Factors – a team of behavioural and operational professionals who work closely with the design team to ensure that the needs of the operators and users are properly considered. At King’s Cross Station this included analysis of the safety strategy, the ticket office, the escalator space proofing and the communications room design. IT/Communications - our communications specialists design integrated IT and communications systems to aide the operational effectiveness and management of station interchanges. This includes public address systems, CCTV and passenger help points. Acoustics - having a clear voice alarm system is the largest issue for station acoustics. These complex systems must link in with fire and emergency evacuation strategies. The final system is determined very much by the building design and finishes. This system is often integrated with the general public address system. 4D Modelling - provides a real time graphical simulation of planned works that allows you to interrogate complex interfaces and form an understanding of the impact of changes on the overall construction programme. Realtime – is a 3D simulation tool that brings to life surfaces, lighting and other visual detailing. The simulation benefits users from architects, engineers and station staff as it allows for realistic exploration of the space that is being designed. Through visulation design inconsistencies can be identified and amendments made at an earlier stage in the process. Fire Strategy - this is a complex subject that integrates fire safety into design development including the relationship with standards, approvals and certification. Arup’s fire team takes a balanced risk and performance-based approach which allows us to develop functional strategies that encompass the varying needs of station redevelopments. Zuidas ‘Connector’ Transport Interchange Station Redevelopment
  12. 12. Case Study Wembley Park Station London Underground needed to extend and modernise Wembley Park Station to increase significantly its passenger capacity to serve the new Wembley National Stadium and the surrounding area’s large scale regeneration programme. The aim was to deliver a station with exceptional quality and there were also tight time and costs constraints. Being an operational station this posed serious challenges for the design team. Arup’s multidisciplinary team produced a high calibre scheme that utilised modern methods of construction including off-site prefabrication in order to maintain quality and minimise the time needed on site. Design solutions included the use of steel and pre-cast concrete components that could be hoisted into place via cranes during weekend and night time possessions. Areas of the existing station were retained and Arup designed an elegant solution to extend the station concourse by moving the stairs along the platform and building a new overbridge. New lifts were inserted into the old stairwells in order to meet tight time constraints. The new auxiliary concourse provides modern state-of the-art facilities for passengers using Wembley Stadium, Wembley Arena and conference centres as well as benefiting day-to-day commuters. The station has new platform lifts, step-free access facilities, additional staff accommodation, an external landscape upgrade and an extended train crew accommodation building. Wembley Park Station Station Redevelopment
  13. 13. Air Rights Development Developments above rail stations can play a significant role in the regeneration of inner city locations, particularly where dense urbanisation releases limited sites for new developments. Therefore the careful management of all stakeholders’ interests is vital for success. Each air rights project has its own unique challenges that need to be addressed in a strategic manner in order to secure funding and approvals. By using the economic value of the space above stations and rail tracks, development costs can be offset through maximising the value of the real estate created above the existing infrastructure. Arup’s full service capability spans from early stage aspects including engineering feasibility studies, the assessment of commercial viability through to full engineering design, construction sequencing and site supervision. Transport operators and owners have obligations to mitigate risks on any projects that they undertake. Arup’s strong track record in the delivery of air rights developments, both from an operator’s and developer’s perspective, means that we are able to provide functional, elegant and safe design solutions. Developments over railway stations also generate particular engineering challenges including vibration effects from trains, programming for continual operations and logistical challenges during construction. Arup’s experienced engineering teams are able to interpret the impact that these issues will have on the overall building and station development to ensure that the final outcome meets the desired objectives. © Thryduulf/Wikimedia Commons Fenchurch Street Station Station Redevelopment
  14. 14. Case Study Embankment Place Charing Cross Station is one of the largest operating railway stations in the UK. With its prime location in Central London, there was a strong business case for a mixed use development to be created above the station in order to maximise site value. The challenge for Arup was to develop a design which was robust enough to ensure that the railway operations were not disrupted whilst also producing a high quality building that met our client’s expectations. A new 9 storey 40,000m2 office accompanied by a theatre, retail unit, a car park and new station entrance was constructed over and under the operating station which maximised the use of space by spanning over the width of the railway lines. Arup’s multidisciplinary was able to develop a design, which maximised the open plan office space, was built in just 24 months. © pnh/Flickr Embankment Place Station Redevelopment
  15. 15. A Arup 13 Fitzroy Street London W1T 4BQ T: 0207 755 2580 E: