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Origin of Nation State
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Origin of Nation State


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    • 1. Origin and Journey of the Nation State System
      • Mid 16 th century developments in in Europe led to declaim of old controls( of Roman Empire of Church)
      • Search for NEW IDENTITY began and thus came the idea of NATION in to the picture.
      • Portugal, Spain, Britain ,France were the early beginners as Monarchic States ( fre from Holy roman empire)
    • 2. The Rise of Monarchial Nation States: 1500 - 1700
    • 3. Prime Characteristics of the Nation States
      • Growing Bureaucratization: More and more was the need to have a centralized state.
      • Existence of a Permanent Mercenary Army: Due to the wars, people wanted armies.
      • Growing need to tax: In order to pay for the armies and for the wars, monarchy needed taxes.
    • 4. Consequence of raise of Nation State
      • Balance Power has shifted as each new nation state want to expand its sphere of Influence
      • Search for new territories has started
      • The Ideas of Individualism and reason stated to get impetus.
      • Colonization began to take shape
    • 5. Examples of an expansion :16th Century Spanish Empire
    • 6. Phases of Development of Nation State
      • Treaty of Westphalia 1648
      • Utrecht Treaty 1713
      • Congress of Vienna 1815
      • First World War 1914-19
      • Second World War 1939-1945
      • From 1945 onwords
    • 7. Europe During The Treaty of Westphalia 1648
    • 8. Simplified image Europe in 1648
      • Size of this preview: 800 × 577 pixels
    • 9. By the time of Treaty of Westphalia ( which is in modern day Germany)
      • England, France, Spain and Swedon were great powers
      • Denmark( with Norway) ,Holland, Portugal and Switzerland were small powers
      • Russia was yet to become power full
      • Treaty ended thirty war within the holy roman empire and eighty years rivalry between Spain and Dutch republic
    • 10. Consequences of Treaty of Westphalia
      • General recognition of the exclusive sovereignty of each party over its lands, people, and agents abroad, was recognised
      • Gave way to religious freedom: The Kingdoms were free to follow Catholicism, Lutheranism or Calvinism
    • 11. Europe in 1713 during Utrecht Treaty
    • 12. Utrecht Treaty (Utretcht is A Dutch city)
      • Colonial supremacy fights for western hemisphere were on
      • Paved way for alliances and the balance of power as the basis of future of Nation state system
      • Treaties were signed between Spain, France, England ,Dutch republic etc.
      • After this treaty till the French revolution(1789) and Raise of Napoleon Old balance of power continued in Europe
    • 13. World between 1700 -1763 Colonies
    • 14. Europe During Treaty of Vienna 1815
    • 15. The principal negotiators At Vienna Congress
      • Austria - Metternich
      • Prussia- Hardenberg and von Humbolt
      • Russia - Nesselrode and Rasoumoffski
      • Great Britain- Castlereagh, and later, Wellington
      • France - Talleyrand and Dalberg
    • 16. Significance of Congress of Vienna -1
      • The objective of the Congress was to settle the many issues arising from the French Revolutionary wars, and the Napoleonic Wars and the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire
      • The Congress of Vienna was seen as the first f a series of Congresses. Diplomats felt that they should 'stick together' in peacetime to preserve the peace
      • Adopted a fair policy of no great rewards and no great punishments
      • Gave a balanced settlement which ensured no major conflict for forty years (the Crimean War,1854-6) and then until 1914
    • 17. Significance of Congress of Vienna-2
      • The Congress of Vienna settlement, despite later changes, formed the framework for European international politics until the outbreak of the First World War in 1914.
      • In February 1815, the Congress condemned the slave trade as inconsistent with civilization and human rights.
      • Restored monarchies across Europe
      • Ignored demands for greater democracy and nationalism; this led to the majority of conflicts in the Nineteenth Century, between and within countries( thus ignited Liberal National Revolutions of 1848 Across Europe)
    • 18. Europe in 1850
    • 19. Italian Unification by 1870
    • 20. Unification of Germany 1866-71
    • 21. Europe in 1900
    • 22. From 1815 to 1914
      • The Russian attempt to expand west words was stopped by Crimea war(1854-56) by Britain and France
      • Germany became united and started as a new power player in 1870
      • Italy followed the immediately
      • Development of these new powers led to a a search for new balance of power in Europe
      • Many central American countries got independence from Spanish control.
    • 23. Two world wars and nation states
      • The first worked war spell the doom of old empires( Ottoman , astro hungarian empire) and paved way for emergence of many nation states form the empire. Russsia in the form of USSR could still hold many nationalities in in its fold . Yugoslavia is an exaple for a emergence of new state,
      • After the second world warie after 1945 war many nations in Africa Asia got independence thus le to the in thglobe
    • 24. Essential nature of modern nation sate
      • Territoriality
      • Sense of nationality
      • Sovereignty
      • Equal recognition in the community of nations
      • Recognition of international law
    • 25. 1914 Ethnolinguistic Map of Europe
    • 26. Napoleon's Empire
    • 27. Austro Hungarian empire
    • 28. Ottoman empire1174-1914
    • 29. 1914 Political Map of Europe
    • 30.  
    • 31. World Map 1914
    • 32. World in 1945
    • 33. Current World Map