ROLE OF UNO GROUP MEMBERSAYFAR KHAN – AYESHA IRUM – ZULQURNAIN – TABINDA BATOOL – FAXIAN SALIM – BUSHRA MALIK – OWAIS MISRI – RAO ZAINB UMAR
WHAT IS UNO..?
The UN is an international organization that aims to promotepeace and understanding between nations. It tries to fightpoverty and disease around the world and encourages respectfor human rights. The UN sends peacekeeping forces to troublespots around the world, and provides food, clothes and otheremergency supplies for people affected by natural disasters suchas earthquakes and floods .
HOW WAS THE UNO SET UP ?
The UN was set up at the end of World War II by the countriesthat won the war. From 1941 to 1945, United States PresidentFranklin Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, andSoviet Premier Joseph Stalin held various conferences in whichthey discussed various principles. Their experiences helped themto formulate a plan to create an international peacekeepingorganization with a goal of preventing future wars on the scale ofWorld War II. In April 1945, representatives from 50 countriesmet in San Francisco to create the charter of the organizationthat would be called the United Nations.
United Nations Conference on International Organization
Delegates from 50 nations met in San Francisco on April 25, 1945, for whatwas officially known as the United Nations Conference on InternationalOrganization. = During a two-month period, they completed a charterconsisting of 111 articles, based on the draft developed at Dumbarton Oaks. =The charter was approved on June 25 and signed the next day; it becameeffective on October 24, 1945,
On December 10, 1945, the United States Congress invited the UN toestablish its headquarters in the United States. The organization accepted andin August 1946 moved to a temporary location in Lake Success, New York.Later that year a site was purchased bordering the East River inManhattan, and plans for a permanent headquarters were drawn up. Thecomplex, completed in mid-1952, includes the General Assembly Hall, theSecretariat Building, the Conference Building, and the Dag HammarskjöldLibrary.
Purposes of UN
Developed friendly relationsamong nations. Cooperate insolvinginternational, economic, social, cultural and humanitarian problems.To promote respect for humanrights and fundamental freedoms..
Organization Administrative Bodies
The organization is divided into administrative bodies, including the :1.General Assembly,2.Security Council,3.Economic and Social Council,4.International Court of Justice5.Trusteeship council6.SecretariatNote:Additional bodies deal with the governance of all other UN Systemagencies, such as the World Health Organization (WHO) and UnitedNations Childrens Fund (UNICEF). The UNs most visible public figure isthe Secretary-General. The current Secretary-General is Ban Ki-moonof South Korea, who assumed the post on 1 January 2007.
The UN has six official languages:• Arabic.• Chinese.• English.• French.• Russian.• Spanish.The Secretariat uses two working languages,• English.• French.
Early Years VIDEO
Here, in brief, is a sampling of what the United Nations organizations have accomplished since 1945 when the world organization was founded. :Here, in brief, is a sampling of what the United Nations organizations haveaccomplished since 1945 when the world organization was founded.1.Maintaining peace and security.2. Making peace .3. Promoting democracy.4. Promoting development.5. Promoting human rights.6.Protecting the environment.7.Preventing nuclear proliferation.8. Promoting self determination and independence9. Strengthening international law10. Handing down judicial settlements of major international disputes.11.Ending apartheid in South Africa.
12. Providing humanitarian aid to victims of conflict13. Aiding Palestinian refugees.14. Alleviating chronic hunger and rural poverty in developing countries.15. Focusing on African development.16. Promoting womens rights.17. Providing safe drinking water.18. Fighting drug abuse.19. Eradicating smallpox.20. Pressing for universal immunization.21. Reducing child mortality rates.22. Fighting parasitic diseases.23. Promoting investment in developing countries.24. Orienting economic policy toward social need.25. Reducing the effects of natural disasters.26. Providing food to victims of emergencies.27. Clearing land mines.
28. Protecting the ozone layer.29. Curbing global warming.30. Preventing over-fishing.31. Limiting deforestation and promoting sustainable forestry development.32. Cleaning up pollution .33. Protecting consumers health.34.Reducing fertility rates.35.Fighting drug abuse.36.Improving global trade relations.37.Promoting economic reform.38.Promoting worker rights.39. Introducing improved agricultural techniques and reducing costs.40. Improving air and sea travel.41. Improving education in developing countries.42. Protecting intellectual property.43. Promoting the free flow of information.
44. Improving global communications.45. Empowering the voiceless.46. Establishing "children as a zone of peace.47. Generating worldwide commitment in support of the needs of children.48. Improving education in developing countries.49. Safeguarding and preserving historic cultural and architectural sites.50. Facilitating academic and cultural exchanges.