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Motivation

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motivation and its theories

motivation and its theories


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  • 1.  A driving force that initiates and directs behavior  A kind of internal energy which drives a person to do something in order to achieve something  Motivation is a desire to achieve a goal, combined with the energy to work towards that goal  the process of arousing and sustaining goal-directed behavior  The processes that account for an individual’s intensity, direction, and persistence of effort toward attaining a goal.
  • 2. Motivation is based on three specific aspects such as  Direction  Intensity  Persistence
  • 3.  Maslow saw human needs in the form of a hierarchy, ascending from the lowest to the highest, and he concluded that when one set of needs is satisfied, this kind of need ceases to be a motivator.’’ As per his theory these needs are :  Physiological needs  Security or Safety needs  Social needs  Esteem needs  Need for self-actualization
  • 4. Esteem need Social need Security need Physocial need  Maslow theory
  • 5. Three need theory
  • 6. nPow nAch nAff for Achievement (nAch) – drive to excel, to achieve in relation to a set of standards  Need for Affiliation (nAff) – the desire for friendly and close interpersonal relationships  Need for Power (nPow) – need to make others behave in a way in which they would not have behaved otherwise (to have power over them)  Need
  • 7.        Work is inherently distasteful to most people. Most people are not ambitious, have little desire for responsibility, and prefer to be directed. Most people have little capacity for creativity in solving organizational problems. Motivation occurs only at the physiological and safety levels. Most people must be closely controlled and often coerced to achieve organizational objectives. x      Work is as natural as play, if the conditions are favorable. Self-control is often indispensable in achieving organizational goals. The capacity for creativity in solving organizational problems is widely distributed in the population. Motivation occurs at the social, esteem, and selfactualization levels, as well as physiological and security levels. People can be self-directed and creative at work if properly motivated. y
  • 8. Motivation and Hygiene Factors
  • 9.  Policies and Administration  Supervision  Working Conditions  Interpersonal Relations  Money, Status, Securit y HYGIENE FACTORS ENVIRONMENT Achievement Recognition for Accomplishment Challenging Work Increased Responsibility Growth and Development MOTIVATORS WHAT THEY DO
  • 10. Maslow hierarchy of needs Three need theory Two factor theory
  • 11. Self-actualization Growth Esteem self Need for Power interpersonal Belongingness (social & love) Relatedness Safety & Security interpersonal physical Physiological Need for Achievement Existence Need for Affiliation

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