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reproductive system(Female)
reproductive system(Female)
reproductive system(Female)
reproductive system(Female)
reproductive system(Female)
reproductive system(Female)
reproductive system(Female)
reproductive system(Female)
reproductive system(Female)
reproductive system(Female)
reproductive system(Female)
reproductive system(Female)
reproductive system(Female)
reproductive system(Female)
reproductive system(Female)
reproductive system(Female)
reproductive system(Female)
reproductive system(Female)
reproductive system(Female)
reproductive system(Female)
reproductive system(Female)
reproductive system(Female)
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reproductive system(Female)

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  • 1. FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE ANATOMY
  • 2. EXTERNAL GENTILIA
    • The vulva refers to those parts that are outwardly visible
    • 3. The vulva includes:
    • 4. Mons pubis
    • 5. Labia majora
    • 6. Labia minora
    • 7. Clitoris
    • 8. Urethral opening
    • 9. Vaginal opening
    • 10. Perineum
    • 11. Individual differences in:
    • 12. Size
    • 13. Coloration
    • 14. Shape
    • 15. Of external gentalia are common
  • 16. MONS PUBIS
    The triangular mound of fatty tissue that covers the pubic bone
    It protects the pubic symphysis
    During adolescence sex hormones trigger the growth of pubic hair on the mons pubis
    Hair varies in coarseness curliness, amount, color and thickness
  • 17. LABIA MAJORA
    Referred to as the outer lips
    They have a darker pigmentation
    The Labia Majora:
    Protect the introitus and urethral openings
    Are covered with hair and sebaceous glands
    Tend to be smooth, moist, and hairless
    Become flaccid with age and after childbirth
  • 18. LABIA MINORA
    Referred to as the “inner lips”
    Made up of erectile, connective tissue that darkens and swells during sexual arousal
    Located inside the labia majora
    They are more sensitive and responsive to touch than the labia majora
    The labia minora tightens during intercourse
  • 19. CLITORIS
    • Highly sensitive organ composed of nerves, blood vessels, and erectile tissue
    • 20. Located under the prepuce
    • 21. It is made up of a shaft and a glans
    • 22. Becomes engorged with blood during sexual stimulation
    • 23. Key to sexual pleasure for most women
    • 24. Urethral opening is located directly below clitoris
  • VAGINAL OPENINGINTROITUS
    Opening may be covered by a thin sheath called the hymen
    Using the presence of an intact hymen for determining virginity is erroneous
    Some women are born without hymens
    The hymen can be perforated by many different events
    UNIT 3: FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM
    8
  • 25. PERINEUM
    • The muscle and tissue located between the vaginal opening and anal canal
    • 26. It supports and surrounds the lower parts of the urinary and digestive tracts
    • 27. The perinium contains an abundance of nerve endings that make it sensitive to touch
    • 28. An episiotomy is an incision of the perinium used during childbirth for widening the vaginal opening
    UNIT 3: FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM
    9
  • 29. INTERNAL GENITALIA
    The internal genitalia consists of the:
    Vagina
    Cervix
    Uterus
    Fallopian Tubes
    Ovaries
  • 30. UNIT 3: FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM
    11
  • 31. VAGINA
    The vagina connects the cervix to the external genitals
    It is located between the bladder and rectum
    It functions :
    As a passageway for the menstrual flow
    For uterine secretions to pass down through the introitus
    As the birth canal during labor
    With the help of two Bartholin’s glands becomes lubricated during SI
  • 32. CERVIX
    The cervix connects the uterus to the vagina
    The cervical opening to the vagina is small
    This acts as a safety precaution against foreign bodies entering the uterus
    During childbirth, the cervix dilates to accommodate the passage of the fetus
    This dilation is a sign that labor has begun
  • 33. UTERUS
    Commonly referred to as the womb
    A pear shaped organ about the size of a clenched fist
    It is made up of the endometrium, myometrium and perimetrium
    Consists of blood-enriched tissue that sloughs off each month during menstrual cycle
    The powerful muscles of the uterus expand to accommodate a growing fetus and push it through the birth canal
  • 34. FALLOPIAN TUBES
    Serve as a pathway for the ovum to the uterus
    Are the site of fertilization by the male sperm
    Often referred to as the oviducts or uterine tubes
    Fertilized egg takes approximately 6 to 10 days to travel through the fallopian tube to implant in the uterine lining
  • 35. UNIT 3: FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM
    16
  • 36. OVARIES
    The female gonads or sex glands
    They develop and expel an ovum each month
    A woman is born with approximately 400,000 immature eggs called follicles
    During a lifetime a woman release @ 400 to 500 fully matured eggs for fertilization
    The follicles in the ovaries produce the female sex hormones, progesterone and estrogen
    These hormones prepare the uterus for implantation of the fertilized egg
  • 37. BREASTS
    • Organs of sexual arousal
    • 38. Contain mammary glands
    • 39. Consist of connective tissue that serves as support
    • 40. Each breast contain 15-25 clusters called lobes
    • 41. Each lobule is connected by ducts that open into the nipples
    • 42. The nipples are made up of erectile tissue
    • 43. The pigmented around the nipples are called the areola
    • 44. Breast size is determined primarily by heredity
    • 45. Size also depends on the existing fat and glandular tissue
    • 46. Breasts may exhibit cyclical changes, including increased swelling and tenderness prior to menstruation
    • 47. Benign breast changes refer to fibrocystic disease
    • 48. Lumps or masses that are noncancerous
  • UNIT 3: FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM
    19
  • 49. MENSTRUATION
    • Menarch, the onset of menstruation signals the bodily changes that transform a female body
    • 50. Average age is 12.8
    • 51. Amount of bleeding varies from woman to woman
    • 52. Expulsion of blood clots
    • 53. Blood color can vary from bright red to dark maroon
    • 54. Usually occurs every 25 to 32 days
    • 55. Women can experience fluid retention, cramping, mood swings, weight gain, breast tenderness, diarrhea, and constipation
  • UNIT 3: FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM
  • 56. SEX HORMONES
    • Follicle stimulating hormone FHS-
    • 57. Luteinizing hormone LH-signals ovulation
    • 58. Estrogen-produced throughout the menstrual cycle
    • 59. Progesterone-produced during second half of cycle
    • 60. Contributes to thickening of the endometrium which is shed during menstrual phase if fertilization does not take place
    • 61. Both FHS and LH are produced in the pituitary gland
    • 62. Both estrogen and progesterone are produced by the follicles in the ovaries

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