FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE ANATOMY<br />
EXTERNAL GENTILIA<br /><ul><li>The vulva refers to those parts that are outwardly visible
The vulva includes:
Mons pubis
Labia majora
Labia minora
Clitoris
Urethral opening
Vaginal opening
Perineum
Individual differences in:
Size
Coloration
Shape
Of external gentalia are common</li></li></ul><li>
MONS PUBIS<br />The triangular mound of fatty tissue that covers the pubic bone<br />It protects the pubic symphysis<br />...
LABIA MAJORA<br />Referred to as the outer lips<br />They have a darker pigmentation<br />The Labia Majora:  <br />Protect...
LABIA MINORA<br />Referred to as the “inner lips”<br />Made up of erectile, connective tissue that darkens and swells duri...
CLITORIS<br /><ul><li>Highly sensitive organ composed of nerves, blood vessels, and erectile tissue
Located under the prepuce
It is made up of a shaft and a glans
Becomes engorged with blood during sexual stimulation
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reproductive system(Female)

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reproductive system(Female)

  1. 1. FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE ANATOMY<br />
  2. 2. EXTERNAL GENTILIA<br /><ul><li>The vulva refers to those parts that are outwardly visible
  3. 3. The vulva includes:
  4. 4. Mons pubis
  5. 5. Labia majora
  6. 6. Labia minora
  7. 7. Clitoris
  8. 8. Urethral opening
  9. 9. Vaginal opening
  10. 10. Perineum
  11. 11. Individual differences in:
  12. 12. Size
  13. 13. Coloration
  14. 14. Shape
  15. 15. Of external gentalia are common</li></li></ul><li>
  16. 16. MONS PUBIS<br />The triangular mound of fatty tissue that covers the pubic bone<br />It protects the pubic symphysis<br />During adolescence sex hormones trigger the growth of pubic hair on the mons pubis<br />Hair varies in coarseness curliness, amount, color and thickness<br />
  17. 17. LABIA MAJORA<br />Referred to as the outer lips<br />They have a darker pigmentation<br />The Labia Majora: <br />Protect the introitus and urethral openings<br />Are covered with hair and sebaceous glands<br />Tend to be smooth, moist, and hairless<br />Become flaccid with age and after childbirth <br />
  18. 18. LABIA MINORA<br />Referred to as the “inner lips”<br />Made up of erectile, connective tissue that darkens and swells during sexual arousal<br />Located inside the labia majora<br />They are more sensitive and responsive to touch than the labia majora<br />The labia minora tightens during intercourse<br />
  19. 19. CLITORIS<br /><ul><li>Highly sensitive organ composed of nerves, blood vessels, and erectile tissue
  20. 20. Located under the prepuce
  21. 21. It is made up of a shaft and a glans
  22. 22. Becomes engorged with blood during sexual stimulation
  23. 23. Key to sexual pleasure for most women
  24. 24. Urethral opening is located directly below clitoris</li></li></ul><li>VAGINAL OPENINGINTROITUS<br />Opening may be covered by a thin sheath called the hymen<br />Using the presence of an intact hymen for determining virginity is erroneous<br />Some women are born without hymens<br />The hymen can be perforated by many different events<br />UNIT 3: FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM<br />8<br />
  25. 25. PERINEUM<br /><ul><li>The muscle and tissue located between the vaginal opening and anal canal
  26. 26. It supports and surrounds the lower parts of the urinary and digestive tracts
  27. 27. The perinium contains an abundance of nerve endings that make it sensitive to touch
  28. 28. An episiotomy is an incision of the perinium used during childbirth for widening the vaginal opening</li></ul>UNIT 3: FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM<br />9<br />
  29. 29. INTERNAL GENITALIA<br />The internal genitalia consists of the:<br />Vagina<br />Cervix<br />Uterus<br />Fallopian Tubes<br />Ovaries<br />
  30. 30. UNIT 3: FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM<br />11<br />
  31. 31. VAGINA<br />The vagina connects the cervix to the external genitals<br />It is located between the bladder and rectum<br />It functions :<br />As a passageway for the menstrual flow<br />For uterine secretions to pass down through the introitus<br />As the birth canal during labor<br />With the help of two Bartholin’s glands becomes lubricated during SI<br />
  32. 32. CERVIX<br />The cervix connects the uterus to the vagina<br />The cervical opening to the vagina is small<br />This acts as a safety precaution against foreign bodies entering the uterus<br />During childbirth, the cervix dilates to accommodate the passage of the fetus<br />This dilation is a sign that labor has begun<br />
  33. 33. UTERUS<br />Commonly referred to as the womb<br />A pear shaped organ about the size of a clenched fist<br />It is made up of the endometrium, myometrium and perimetrium<br />Consists of blood-enriched tissue that sloughs off each month during menstrual cycle<br />The powerful muscles of the uterus expand to accommodate a growing fetus and push it through the birth canal<br />
  34. 34. FALLOPIAN TUBES<br />Serve as a pathway for the ovum to the uterus<br />Are the site of fertilization by the male sperm<br />Often referred to as the oviducts or uterine tubes<br />Fertilized egg takes approximately 6 to 10 days to travel through the fallopian tube to implant in the uterine lining<br />
  35. 35. UNIT 3: FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM<br />16<br />
  36. 36. OVARIES<br />The female gonads or sex glands <br />They develop and expel an ovum each month<br />A woman is born with approximately 400,000 immature eggs called follicles<br />During a lifetime a woman release @ 400 to 500 fully matured eggs for fertilization<br />The follicles in the ovaries produce the female sex hormones, progesterone and estrogen<br />These hormones prepare the uterus for implantation of the fertilized egg<br />
  37. 37. BREASTS<br /><ul><li> Organs of sexual arousal
  38. 38. Contain mammary glands
  39. 39. Consist of connective tissue that serves as support
  40. 40. Each breast contain 15-25 clusters called lobes
  41. 41. Each lobule is connected by ducts that open into the nipples
  42. 42. The nipples are made up of erectile tissue
  43. 43. The pigmented around the nipples are called the areola
  44. 44. Breast size is determined primarily by heredity
  45. 45. Size also depends on the existing fat and glandular tissue
  46. 46. Breasts may exhibit cyclical changes, including increased swelling and tenderness prior to menstruation
  47. 47. Benign breast changes refer to fibrocystic disease
  48. 48. Lumps or masses that are noncancerous</li></li></ul><li>UNIT 3: FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM<br />19<br />
  49. 49. MENSTRUATION<br /><ul><li>Menarch, the onset of menstruation signals the bodily changes that transform a female body
  50. 50. Average age is 12.8
  51. 51. Amount of bleeding varies from woman to woman
  52. 52. Expulsion of blood clots
  53. 53. Blood color can vary from bright red to dark maroon
  54. 54. Usually occurs every 25 to 32 days
  55. 55. Women can experience fluid retention, cramping, mood swings, weight gain, breast tenderness, diarrhea, and constipation </li></li></ul><li>UNIT 3: FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM<br />
  56. 56. SEX HORMONES<br /><ul><li>Follicle stimulating hormone FHS-
  57. 57. Luteinizing hormone LH-signals ovulation
  58. 58. Estrogen-produced throughout the menstrual cycle
  59. 59. Progesterone-produced during second half of cycle
  60. 60. Contributes to thickening of the endometrium which is shed during menstrual phase if fertilization does not take place
  61. 61. Both FHS and LH are produced in the pituitary gland
  62. 62. Both estrogen and progesterone are produced by the follicles in the ovaries</li>
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