Baku is the capital and largest city of Azerbaijan, as well as the largest city on the Caspian Sea and of theCaucasus region. It is located on the southern shore of the Absheron Peninsula, which projects into the Caspian Sea.The city consists of two principal parts: the downtown and the old Inner City (21.5 ha). Bakus urban population at the beginning of 2009 was estimated at just over two million people. Officially, about 25 percent of all inhabitants of the country live in the metropolitan city area of Baku. Baku is divided into eleven administrative districts and 48 townships. Among these are the townships on islands in the Baku Bay and the town of OilRocks built on stilts in the Caspian Sea, 60 km (37 mi) away from Baku. The Inner City of Baku along with the Shirvanshahs Palace and MaidenTower were inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2000.
.The Manat is the currency of Azerbaijan. It is subdivided into 100 qəpik. The word manat isborrowed from the Russian word "moneta” (coin) which is pronounced as "maneta". Manat wasalso the designation of the Soviet rublle in both the Azerbaijani and Turkmen languages.The Azerbaijani manat symbol, , is currently not encoded in Unicode, and m or man. can beused as a substitute for the manat symbol
Tourism is a growing part of the economy of Azerbaijan. The country was a well- known tourist spot in the 1980s, yet, the Nagorno-Karabakh war during the 1990s crippled the tourist industry and negatively impacted the image of Azerbaijan as a tourist destination. It was not until 2000s (decade) that the tourism industry began to recover, and the country has since experienced a high rate of growth in the number of tourist visits and overnight stays. In the recent years, Azerbaijan has also become a more popular destination for religious, spa, and health care tourism.
The Khojaly Massacre was the killing of hundreds of ethnic Azerbaijani civilians from the town of Khojaly on 25–26 February 1992 by the Armenian and, partially, by CIS armed forces during the Nagorn-Karabakh war. According to the Azerbaijani side, as well as Memorial Human Rights Center, Human Rights Watch and other international observers,the massacre was committed by the ethnic Armenian armed forces, reportedly with help of the Russian 366th Motor Rifle Regiment, apparently not acting on orders from the command. The death toll provided by Azerbaijani authorities is 613 civilians, including 106 women and 83 children. The event became the largest massacre in the course of Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.