“Great speakers aren’t born,
they are trained.”
Presenting is a skill…
developed through experience and training.
Planning Your Presentation
The Presentation Sequence
Creating Effective Visual Aids
What is its importance???
Helps in getting your ideas across
Gives you Confidence
Makes you Successful
Bestows respect and recognition
Makes an edge over competition
Great asset for career advancement
Fear of Speaking (Glossophobia)
Feared More Than Death!
Other Common Panics
How am I going to face them???
Gosh!!! I forgot what I had to say!
Oops!!! I said something wrong!
What are they thinking about me????
I am tongue tied.
What if someone asks me an unprepared question???
Man!!! I have taken too long!
Causes of the Anxiety
Fear of the Unknown OR Loss of Control
Fight or Flight Mode
No Backup Plan
No Enthusiasm For Subject
Focus of Attention
Rise above the Fears…
Give yourself the opportunity to succeed
Be well prepared. Plan carefully.
Know your subject matter thoroughly
Time yourself during practice
Experience builds confidence
Concentrate on the message
Believe in yourself!!!!
The skills and confidence of public
speaking come from two things:
hard work and
So how do you go about the hard work and
Let’s deal with the practice first.
It is true that no amount of reading and
learning techniques from a book will turn
you into a competent, confident speaker.
‘but how can I get practice’
Speak whenever you get the opportunity
Find your own particular strengths and
Learn to exploit your strengths and avoid
FIGHT THE FRIGHT….
your audience understands your nervousness
be yourself; let the real you come through; relax,
practise some deep breathing techniques;
begin in your comfort zone; practise with friends;
share your fears with friends
concentrate on the message
begin with a slow, well-prepared introduction; have
a confident and clear conclusion
most important: be prepared and practice
Fun for the Audience
Fun for the Presenter
Conducted Within Time Frame
Tips to be kept while organizing
Requires an introduction and a conclusion
Should be logical and systematic
‘Look after the beginning and the end…and the
middle will take care itself.’
‘Men perish because they cannot join the
beginning with the end.’
More Responsive to Audience
#1: Build Rapport
… relation marked by harmony or affinity
Start Before You Begin
Audience members who trust you and feel that
Mingle; Learn Names
Opportunity to reinforce or correct audience
Good First Impression
People Listen To People They Like
#2: Opening Your Presentation
Introduce Yourself – Why Should They Listen
Get Attention, Build More Rapport, Introduce
Make Audience Think
Get Audience Response
#2…Completing the Opening
Clearly Defining Topic
Clear parameters for content within time
What’s the problem
What’s the solution
#3: Presenting Main Points
Main Point – Transition - Main Point
-Transition - Main Point……
Feedback & Questions From Audience
Attention to, and Focus on, Audience
#4: Concluding Your Presentation
Inform audience that you’re about to close
Summarize main points
Something to remember or call-to-action
“Tell Them What You Told Them.”
#5: Question Round
ASKING QUESTIONS TO THE AUDIENCE
ask "friendly" questions and avoid asking risky questions
don't let respondent wander or attempt to take control of the
if extensive audience discussion is desired, avoid isolated oneon-one dialogues with specific individuals
when challenged, be candid and firm but avoid over responding
maintain control of the session and be firm and assertive
without being aggressive or defensive
don't let interruptions disrupt your composure
Guideline for Answering Questions
Anticipate Questions: think of the ten most likely
questions and plan out your answer
Understand the Question: paraphrase it if necessary;
repeat it if needed
Plan the Answer: particularly if you anticipated the
Do Not Digress
Keys to Presentation Excellence
Practice and more practice:
perfecting the delivery
Delivery of the Talk
Be yourself! And look at the audience!
Concentrate on the preparation and on the four
-power of speech
These are the basic ingredients of all effective
PRACTICE……And More Practice!!!