VideoClipQuests
                               as an
                         E-Learning Pattern
                         ...
3 course meal

                         maybe like at the
                         Wurstküche tonight




Sunday, March 15...
© zora120875 / Pixelio    © Heinrich Heermann / Pixelio    © Andreas Liebhart / Pixelio



     Introduction              ...
Introduction
Sunday, March 15, 2009
© United States Library of Congress




Sunday, March 15, 2009
© United States Library of Congress




                          “To a man with a hammer
                         everyth...
Situation
                    • many e-learning courses are based on “classic
                      media”
               ...
Possible Problems
                    • not enough concepts
                    • concepts are too complicated




Sunday,...
Consideration
                    • development of an expedient concept that
                      becomes accepted
      ...
Expectations of
                         Teachers & Learners




                                starting point for VCQs

...
Expectations of
                         Teachers & Learners
                    •    concept must be easy to use for both...
Expectations of
                         Teachers & Learners
                    •    concept must be easy to use for both...
Expectations of
                         Teachers & Learners
                    •    concept must be easy to use for both...
Expectations of
                         Teachers & Learners
                    •    concept must be easy to use for both...
Expectations of
                         Teachers & Learners
                    •    concept must be easy to use for both...
Expectations of
                         Teachers & Learners
                    •    concept must be easy to use for both...
Expectations of
                         Teachers & Learners
                    •    concept must be easy to use for both...
About VCQs
Sunday, March 15, 2009
VCQs – for What?
                    • to introduce a new topic or concept
                    • to raise the learner’s in...
Creating a VCQ




Sunday, March 15, 2009
Creating a VCQ
                    • video clip combined with assignment




Sunday, March 15, 2009
Creating a VCQ
                    • video clip combined with assignment
                    • assignment avoids vital ter...
Creating a VCQ
                    • video clip combined with assignment
                    • assignment avoids vital ter...
Creating a VCQ
                    • video clip combined with assignment
                    • assignment avoids vital ter...
Setting
                                                                                                 des
             ...
Setting
                                                                                                 des
             ...
Setting
                                                                                                 des
             ...
Solving a VCQ
                    • two major tasks
                         • Rewording and Understanding
               ...
Fine Tune

                                Solving a VCQ




                    The “real” captain (not the actor) had a ...
Fine Tune

                                Solving a VCQ
                    •    Rewording and Understanding




        ...
Fine Tune

                                  Solving a VCQ
                    •    Rewording and Understanding

         ...
Fine Tune

                                  Solving a VCQ
                    •    Rewording and Understanding

         ...
Fine Tune

                                  Solving a VCQ
                    •    Rewording and Understanding

         ...
Fine Tune

                                  Solving a VCQ
                    •    Rewording and Understanding

         ...
Fine Tune

                                  Solving a VCQ
                    •    Rewording and Understanding

         ...
Fine Tune

                                  Solving a VCQ
                    •    Rewording and Understanding

         ...
Example




                    The “real” captain (not the actor) had a daughter whose middle
                    name is...
Example

                                                    Titanic




                    The “real” captain (not the a...
Example

                                           Titanic
                                      Edward John Smith




  ...
Example

                                           Titanic
                                     Edward John Smith
       ...
Example

                                           Titanic
                                     Edward John Smith
       ...
Example

                                           Titanic
                                     Edward John Smith
       ...
Theoretical Background




Sunday, March 15, 2009
Motivation & Learning




                           Zimbardo, Philip G.: Psychologie. Berlin et al.: Springer, 1995 (6th ...
Motivation & Learning
                    • VCQ is unsolvable without watching
                      the video




       ...
Motivation & Learning
                    • VCQ is unsolvable without watching
                      the video
           ...
Motivation & Learning
                    • VCQ is unsolvable without watching
                      the video
           ...
Motivation & Learning
                    • motivation is related to fundamental
                      aspects of the lear...
Emotion & Learning
                    • emotion is connected with learning
                      success
                ...
“There are 26 sheep and ten goats on a
                         ship. How old is the captain?”



                  Straka...
Anchored Instruction
                    • Cognition & Technology Group at
                      Vanderbilt
              ...
Anchored Instruction




                  Straka, Gerald A. & Macke, Gerd: Lern-Lehr-Theoretische Didaktik. Münster et al...
Anchored Instruction
                    • “The Adventures of Jasper Woodbury”




                  Straka, Gerald A. & M...
Anchored Instruction
                    • “The Adventures of Jasper Woodbury”
                    • video narration to pr...
Anchored Instruction
                    • “The Adventures of Jasper Woodbury”
                    • video narration to pr...
Empirical Findings




Sunday, March 15, 2009
Empirical Findings (A)
                    • university students
                    • Basics in Information Technology
  ...
Empirical Findings (A)
                                                  strongly              neither ...           stron...
Empirical Findings (A)
                                                                  neither ...
                     ...
Empirical Findings (B)
                    • 9th grade students (Hauptschule)
                    • History, Third Reich, ...
Empirical Findings (B)
                                                     strongly              neither ...           st...
average mark
                         Empirical Findings (B)
        given by
        students: 1.75

                    ...
Empirical Findings (B)

                “I found the videos very interesting because
                 if you just talk abo...
Discussion
         axel.blessing@ph-gmuend.de • ulrich.kortenkamp@ph-gmuend.de
        University of Education Schwäbisch...
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Video Clip Quests As An E Learning Pattern

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Presentation at the E-Learning Patterns Workshop, Tuebingen (Germany), March 04.-06., 2009

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  • Video Clip Quests As An E Learning Pattern

    1. 1. VideoClipQuests as an E-Learning Pattern Axel M. Blessing • Ulrich Kortenkamp University of Education Schwäbisch Gmünd Sunday, March 15, 2009
    2. 2. 3 course meal maybe like at the Wurstküche tonight Sunday, March 15, 2009
    3. 3. © zora120875 / Pixelio © Heinrich Heermann / Pixelio © Andreas Liebhart / Pixelio Introduction About VCQs Discussion 3 course meal maybe like at the Wurstküche tonight Sunday, March 15, 2009
    4. 4. Introduction Sunday, March 15, 2009
    5. 5. © United States Library of Congress Sunday, March 15, 2009
    6. 6. © United States Library of Congress “To a man with a hammer everything looks like a nail.” Sunday, March 15, 2009
    7. 7. Situation • many e-learning courses are based on “classic media” • too much text • Schulmeister (2001): much educational material on the Internet reveals a lack of didactical imagination of the authors Schulmeister, Rolf: Virtuelle Universität – Virtuelles Lernen. Munic, Vienna: Oldenbourg, 2001 Sunday, March 15, 2009
    8. 8. Possible Problems • not enough concepts • concepts are too complicated Sunday, March 15, 2009
    9. 9. Consideration • development of an expedient concept that becomes accepted • characteristics of that concept? Sunday, March 15, 2009
    10. 10. Expectations of Teachers & Learners starting point for VCQs Sunday, March 15, 2009
    11. 11. Expectations of Teachers & Learners • concept must be easy to use for both the teacher and the learner starting point for VCQs Sunday, March 15, 2009
    12. 12. Expectations of Teachers & Learners • concept must be easy to use for both the teacher and the learner • it should not be restricted to a single subject or topic starting point for VCQs Sunday, March 15, 2009
    13. 13. Expectations of Teachers & Learners • concept must be easy to use for both the teacher and the learner • it should not be restricted to a single subject or topic • it should support the learning management system of choice starting point for VCQs Sunday, March 15, 2009
    14. 14. Expectations of Teachers & Learners • concept must be easy to use for both the teacher and the learner • it should not be restricted to a single subject or topic • it should support the learning management system of choice • there has to be a real benefit, i.e. the learning process has to be supported properly starting point for VCQs Sunday, March 15, 2009
    15. 15. Expectations of Teachers & Learners • concept must be easy to use for both the teacher and the learner • it should not be restricted to a single subject or topic • it should support the learning management system of choice • there has to be a real benefit, i.e. the learning process has to be supported properly • it should not replace traditional methods, but add to them starting point for VCQs Sunday, March 15, 2009
    16. 16. Expectations of Teachers & Learners • concept must be easy to use for both the teacher and the learner • it should not be restricted to a single subject or topic • it should support the learning management system of choice • there has to be a real benefit, i.e. the learning process has to be supported properly • it should not replace traditional methods, but add to them • there should be a way to share such material between colleagues starting point for VCQs Sunday, March 15, 2009
    17. 17. Expectations of Teachers & Learners • concept must be easy to use for both the teacher and the learner • it should not be restricted to a single subject or topic • it should support the learning management system of choice • there has to be a real benefit, i.e. the learning process has to be supported properly • it should not replace traditional methods, but add to them • there should be a way to share such material between colleagues • it should use the possibilities of the computer beyond showing text and images starting point for VCQs Sunday, March 15, 2009
    18. 18. About VCQs Sunday, March 15, 2009
    19. 19. VCQs – for What? • to introduce a new topic or concept • to raise the learner’s interest and motivation • to create an environment that is suitable for further learning • to “set the stage” Sunday, March 15, 2009
    20. 20. Creating a VCQ Sunday, March 15, 2009
    21. 21. Creating a VCQ • video clip combined with assignment Sunday, March 15, 2009
    22. 22. Creating a VCQ • video clip combined with assignment • assignment avoids vital terms Sunday, March 15, 2009
    23. 23. Creating a VCQ • video clip combined with assignment • assignment avoids vital terms • assignment cannot be answered without watching the video Sunday, March 15, 2009
    24. 24. Creating a VCQ • video clip combined with assignment • assignment avoids vital terms • assignment cannot be answered without watching the video “mask the task” Sunday, March 15, 2009
    25. 25. Setting des Example Beispiels The “real” captain (not the actor) had a daughter whose middle name is also the last name of an author. What is the presumably most famous title of this author? source: http://www.moviemaze.de/media/trailer/delivery/2954/7f60d8a9da701343aa65df50e690ab9d/621_trailer01-en_240.mov Sunday, March 15, 2009
    26. 26. Setting des Example Beispiels The “real” captain (not the actor) had a daughter whose middle name is also the last name of an author. What is the presumably most famous title of this author? source: http://www.moviemaze.de/media/trailer/delivery/2954/7f60d8a9da701343aa65df50e690ab9d/621_trailer01-en_240.mov Sunday, March 15, 2009
    27. 27. Setting des Example Beispiels The “real” captain (not the actor) had a daughter whose middle name is also the last name of an author. What is the presumably most famous title of this author? source: http://www.moviemaze.de/media/trailer/delivery/2954/7f60d8a9da701343aa65df50e690ab9d/621_trailer01-en_240.mov Sunday, March 15, 2009
    28. 28. Solving a VCQ • two major tasks • Rewording and Understanding • Gathering Information and Solving The “real” captain (not the actor) had a daughter whose middle name is also the last name of an author. What is the presumably most famous title of this author? Sunday, March 15, 2009
    29. 29. Fine Tune Solving a VCQ The “real” captain (not the actor) had a daughter whose middle name is also the last name of an author. What is the presumably most famous title of this author? Sunday, March 15, 2009
    30. 30. Fine Tune Solving a VCQ • Rewording and Understanding The “real” captain (not the actor) had a daughter whose middle name is also the last name of an author. What is the presumably most famous title of this author? Sunday, March 15, 2009
    31. 31. Fine Tune Solving a VCQ • Rewording and Understanding • read the “masked” task The “real” captain (not the actor) had a daughter whose middle name is also the last name of an author. What is the presumably most famous title of this author? Sunday, March 15, 2009
    32. 32. Fine Tune Solving a VCQ • Rewording and Understanding • read the “masked” task • watch the video clip and extract the necessary cue The “real” captain (not the actor) had a daughter whose middle name is also the last name of an author. What is the presumably most famous title of this author? Sunday, March 15, 2009
    33. 33. Fine Tune Solving a VCQ • Rewording and Understanding • read the “masked” task • watch the video clip and extract the necessary cue • rephrase the task The “real” captain (not the actor) had a daughter whose middle name is also the last name of an author. What is the presumably most famous title of this author? Sunday, March 15, 2009
    34. 34. Fine Tune Solving a VCQ • Rewording and Understanding • read the “masked” task • watch the video clip and extract the necessary cue • rephrase the task • Gathering Information and Solving The “real” captain (not the actor) had a daughter whose middle name is also the last name of an author. What is the presumably most famous title of this author? Sunday, March 15, 2009
    35. 35. Fine Tune Solving a VCQ • Rewording and Understanding • read the “masked” task • watch the video clip and extract the necessary cue • rephrase the task • Gathering Information and Solving • find the relevant information The “real” captain (not the actor) had a daughter whose middle name is also the last name of an author. What is the presumably most famous title of this author? Sunday, March 15, 2009
    36. 36. Fine Tune Solving a VCQ • Rewording and Understanding • read the “masked” task • watch the video clip and extract the necessary cue • rephrase the task • Gathering Information and Solving • find the relevant information • formulate an answer The “real” captain (not the actor) had a daughter whose middle name is also the last name of an author. What is the presumably most famous title of this author? Sunday, March 15, 2009
    37. 37. Example The “real” captain (not the actor) had a daughter whose middle name is also the last name of an author. What is the presumably most famous title of this author? source: http://www.moviemaze.de/media/trailer/delivery/2954/7f60d8a9da701343aa65df50e690ab9d/621_trailer01-en_240.mov Sunday, March 15, 2009
    38. 38. Example Titanic The “real” captain (not the actor) had a daughter whose middle name is also the last name of an author. What is the presumably most famous title of this author? source: http://www.moviemaze.de/media/trailer/delivery/2954/7f60d8a9da701343aa65df50e690ab9d/621_trailer01-en_240.mov Sunday, March 15, 2009
    39. 39. Example Titanic Edward John Smith The “real” captain (not the actor) had a daughter whose middle name is also the last name of an author. What is the presumably most famous title of this author? source: http://www.moviemaze.de/media/trailer/delivery/2954/7f60d8a9da701343aa65df50e690ab9d/621_trailer01-en_240.mov Sunday, March 15, 2009
    40. 40. Example Titanic Edward John Smith Helen Melville Smith The “real” captain (not the actor) had a daughter whose middle name is also the last name of an author. What is the presumably most famous title of this author? source: http://www.moviemaze.de/media/trailer/delivery/2954/7f60d8a9da701343aa65df50e690ab9d/621_trailer01-en_240.mov Sunday, March 15, 2009
    41. 41. Example Titanic Edward John Smith Helen Melville Smith Herman Melville The “real” captain (not the actor) had a daughter whose middle name is also the last name of an author. What is the presumably most famous title of this author? source: http://www.moviemaze.de/media/trailer/delivery/2954/7f60d8a9da701343aa65df50e690ab9d/621_trailer01-en_240.mov Sunday, March 15, 2009
    42. 42. Example Titanic Edward John Smith Helen Melville Smith Herman Melville Moby Dick The “real” captain (not the actor) had a daughter whose middle name is also the last name of an author. What is the presumably most famous title of this author? source: http://www.moviemaze.de/media/trailer/delivery/2954/7f60d8a9da701343aa65df50e690ab9d/621_trailer01-en_240.mov Sunday, March 15, 2009
    43. 43. Theoretical Background Sunday, March 15, 2009
    44. 44. Motivation & Learning Zimbardo, Philip G.: Psychologie. Berlin et al.: Springer, 1995 (6th ed.) Sunday, March 15, 2009
    45. 45. Motivation & Learning • VCQ is unsolvable without watching the video Zimbardo, Philip G.: Psychologie. Berlin et al.: Springer, 1995 (6th ed.) Sunday, March 15, 2009
    46. 46. Motivation & Learning • VCQ is unsolvable without watching the video • barrier evokes motivation: transform unsolvable assignment into solvable one Zimbardo, Philip G.: Psychologie. Berlin et al.: Springer, 1995 (6th ed.) Sunday, March 15, 2009
    47. 47. Motivation & Learning • VCQ is unsolvable without watching the video • barrier evokes motivation: transform unsolvable assignment into solvable one • students are “forced” to watch the video Zimbardo, Philip G.: Psychologie. Berlin et al.: Springer, 1995 (6th ed.) Sunday, March 15, 2009
    48. 48. Motivation & Learning • motivation is related to fundamental aspects of the learning process • learning rate • resistance to extinction • etc. • it can be assumed that VCQs facilitate learning Zimbardo, Philip G.: Psychologie. Berlin et al.: Springer, 1995 (6th ed.) Sunday, March 15, 2009
    49. 49. Emotion & Learning • emotion is connected with learning success • learning is more effective when combined with emotions • most video clips are supposed to evoke emotions Spitzer, Manfred: Lernen: Gehirnforschung und Schule des Lebens. Heidelberg and Berlin: Spektrum, 2002 Sunday, March 15, 2009
    50. 50. “There are 26 sheep and ten goats on a ship. How old is the captain?” Straka, Gerald A. & Macke, Gerd: Lern-Lehr-Theoretische Didaktik. Münster et al.: Waxmann, 2002. Sunday, March 15, 2009
    51. 51. Anchored Instruction • Cognition & Technology Group at Vanderbilt • common education often leads to inert knowledge “There are 26 sheep and ten goats on a ship. How old is the captain?” Straka, Gerald A. & Macke, Gerd: Lern-Lehr-Theoretische Didaktik. Münster et al.: Waxmann, 2002. Sunday, March 15, 2009
    52. 52. Anchored Instruction Straka, Gerald A. & Macke, Gerd: Lern-Lehr-Theoretische Didaktik. Münster et al.: Waxmann, 2002. Sunday, March 15, 2009
    53. 53. Anchored Instruction • “The Adventures of Jasper Woodbury” Straka, Gerald A. & Macke, Gerd: Lern-Lehr-Theoretische Didaktik. Münster et al.: Waxmann, 2002. Sunday, March 15, 2009
    54. 54. Anchored Instruction • “The Adventures of Jasper Woodbury” • video narration to present an authentic, real world problem and to activate thinking Straka, Gerald A. & Macke, Gerd: Lern-Lehr-Theoretische Didaktik. Münster et al.: Waxmann, 2002. Sunday, March 15, 2009
    55. 55. Anchored Instruction • “The Adventures of Jasper Woodbury” • video narration to present an authentic, real world problem and to activate thinking • learn new information in the context of meaningful activities Straka, Gerald A. & Macke, Gerd: Lern-Lehr-Theoretische Didaktik. Münster et al.: Waxmann, 2002. Sunday, March 15, 2009
    56. 56. Empirical Findings Sunday, March 15, 2009
    57. 57. Empirical Findings (A) • university students • Basics in Information Technology • sensible handling of search engines • n = 44 Sunday, March 15, 2009
    58. 58. Empirical Findings (A) strongly neither ... strongly statement disagree agree disagree nor ... agree VideoClipQuests are fun! 7% 7% 25% 34% 27% VideoClipQuests are motivating! 5% 9% 11% 48% 27% Using VideoClipQuests, searching the 0% 9% 30% 36% 25% Internet can be well practised! There should be at least one more VideoClipQuest in the progression of the 9% 7% 13% 39% 32% course. n = 44 Sunday, March 15, 2009
    59. 59. Empirical Findings (A) neither ... statement disapproval approval nor ... VideoClipQuests are fun! 14% 25% 61% VideoClipQuests are motivating! 14% 11% 75% Using VideoClipQuests, searching the 9% 30% 61% Internet can be well practised! There should be at least one more VideoClipQuest in the progression of the 16% 13% 71% course. n = 44 Sunday, March 15, 2009
    60. 60. Empirical Findings (B) • 9th grade students (Hauptschule) • History, Third Reich, Holocaust • n = 15 Sunday, March 15, 2009
    61. 61. Empirical Findings (B) strongly neither ... strongly statement disagree agree disagree nor ... agree “Video Class” was more fun than other 0% 7% 13% 20% 60% classes “Video Class” was more motivating than 0% 7% 40% 33% 20% other classes If one of the “video questions” was part of 0% 20% 33% 40% 7% a test, I could answer it “Video Classes” should happen more often 0% 0% 26% 7% 67% n = 15 Sunday, March 15, 2009
    62. 62. average mark Empirical Findings (B) given by students: 1.75 neither ... statement disapproval approval nor ... “Video Class” was more fun than other 7% 13% 80% classes “Video Class” was more motivating than 7% 40% 53% other classes If one of the “video questions” was part of 20% 33% 47% a test, I could answer it “Video Classes” should happen more often 0% 26% 74% n = 15 Sunday, March 15, 2009
    63. 63. Empirical Findings (B) “I found the videos very interesting because if you just talk about it [the Holocaust] you can’t imagine it but if you see pictures or videos about it you just think oh, how sad that is.” female student, 14 years Sunday, March 15, 2009
    64. 64. Discussion axel.blessing@ph-gmuend.de • ulrich.kortenkamp@ph-gmuend.de University of Education Schwäbisch Gmünd • Oberbettringer Straße 200 • D-73525 Schwäbisch Gmünd Sunday, March 15, 2009

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