The southern united states


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The southern united states

  1. 1. The Southern United States Outline Notes Mr. Zunic
  2. 2. Vocabulary • Barrier Islands-a long narrow, sandy island separated from the mainland. EX-Outer Banks NC • Wetlands-land areas that are flooded for at least part of the year. • Sediment-small bits of mud, sand, and gravel that collect at the river’s mouth. • Diversify-farmers produce a variety of crops and not just one.
  3. 3. 12 States that make up the South • Louisiana • Texas • Arkansas • Tennessee • Mississippi • Alabama • Kentucky • Georgia • Florida • South Carolina • North Carolina • Virginia
  4. 4. Landforms • What is the major landform region in the South? What are two geographic features included in this landform? – Coastal Plain-stretches inland from Atlantic ocean and Gulf of Mexico; Barrier Islands line most of the Shore – Ozark Plateau-mainly lies in Arkansas; rugged. Hilly region Ozark Plateau
  5. 5. Landforms Contd • Where are some of the largest wetlands areas? – The Everglades in Florida & Okefenokee Swamp in Georgia – Louisiana marsh areas on the Mississippi delta. – Mississippi Delta-a low swampy area cut by small streams
  6. 6. Everglades
  7. 7. Mississippi River Delta Mississippi River delta from space.
  8. 8. Landforms Contd • Describe features of the Piedmont in the Southern states. – Piedmont is an upland region – Covers much of Virginia, Carolina, & Georgia – Farther in from the coast lies the Appalachians – Landforms in the region include Blue Ridge and Great Smokey Mts. & Cumberland Plateau Piedmont Region in Orange
  9. 9. Landforms Contd • Where are the Interior plains? – Plains cover much of Kentucky & Tennessee and eastern Texas – In some places the land rises between 2,000 & 5,000 ft. – Texas is a region of mountain ranges & desert basins
  10. 10. Climate • What type of climate dominates the South. –Humid Subtropical-winters are mild; summers are long, hot, and humid –Appalachians and Ozarks experience cooler temperatures –Texas ranges from humid subtropical to desert
  11. 11. Climate Contd • What about precipitation? – Much of the South receives between 40- 60 inches of rain per year. – Thunderstorms with dangerous lightening & Tornadoes – Late summer and early fall is Hurricane season
  12. 12. Economy • Historically, the South has been an agricultural society. However, there are now many major cities & commercial centers including: – Huston – Dallas-Fort Worth – Atlanta – Miami – New Orleans
  13. 13. Agriculture • No longer the South’s major economic activity. • Region has been a major producer of cotton, tobacco, and citrus fruits • Recently, farmers have tried to diversify-producing a variety of crops, not just one.
  14. 14. Resources • Coastal waters of Gulf of Mexico and Atlantic are rich in ocean life. • Louisiana & Texas are leading in fishing (oysters, shrimp, etc…) • Mineral resources include coal, sulfur, salt, phosphates, oil, and natural gas • Florida has the largest phosphate mining industry • Louisiana & Texas have oil.
  15. 15. Texas Oil Well
  16. 16. Industry • Textile industries operate in the Piedmont regions of Georgia, Carolinas, & Virginia • Gulf coast and lower Mississippi have huge oil refineries. • Some cities have computer, software, and publishing companies • Warm weather and beautiful beaches draw many vacationers • Many southern cities have important links to central & south America such as Miami.
  17. 17. Southern Beaches
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