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50 sawalat muharram ke bare men our ulmae ahle sunnat ke jawabat in hindi
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50 sawalat muharram ke bare men our ulmae ahle sunnat ke jawabat in hindi

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  • 1. eqgjZeqygjke ds ckjs esa 50 lokykr “myek, vgys lqUur” ds tokckr mnZw ls fgUnh&eqgEen vCnqjZghe [kku d+knjh eqd+ke o iksLV ¼tenk ‟kkgh½ftyk cLrh ;w ih tkek efLtn neqvk eqlfUuQ& vcqyglu l;;n ,glkuqYykg ‟kkg cq[kkjh vRrkjh ¼dksjaxh dsjkph 2.5 ½0312-2546026
  • 2. vtZ+ eqvfYyQ ¼ys[kd dh xqtkfj‟k½ eqlyekuksa ds fy, gj ‟kksvcs gj evkeys ls ervfYyd+ nhus bLyke esa fgnk;k;r o jguqekbZ ekStwn gSA ysfdu vQlwl vc vdlj eqlyeku nhuh mywe lh[kus le>us ds fd fy, esgur de djrs gSa A nqu;koh mywe o Qquwu vkSj cMh cMh fM+fxz;ka gkfly djus tt+ck o ‟kkSd+ T+;knk gSA blh otg ls eqvk‟ksjs esa cgqr lh xyr Qgfe;ka QSy pqdha gSaA vxj gj eqlyeku bLykeh rkyhekr dks lh[kuk le>uk ‟kqjwv dj ns Arks dkQh gn rd geSa x+yr vdkbn o ut+j;kr vkSj xyr Qgfe;ksa ls futkr fey ldrh gSA bl fdrkc esa eqgjZe ‟kjhQ ls eqrvfYyd+ eqvk‟ksjs esa QSyh gqbZ xyrQgfe;ksa dks nwj djus dh dksf‟k‟ dh xbZ gSA ;g fdrkc eqLrun o eqvRrcj lqUuh vksyek dh fdrkcksa ls loky tokc dh jks‟kuh esa r¸;kj dh xbZA vYykg vTtk otYy bl fdrkc dks ukf‟kj ds fy, eq>s xqugxkj ds fy, esjs okynSu fj‟krsnkjksa mlkrt+, fdjke ihj o eqjf‟kn vkSj lkjh mEers eqlfyek ds fy, t+j;, futkr cuk, vkSj bl fdrkc dk lokc gtjr vkne vySfgLlyke ls ys dj fd+;ker rd vkus okys eqlyekuksa fcy[kqlwl reke lgkc, fdjke vgys cSrs vrgkj ‟kksgnk, djcyk jfn;Yykgq rvkyk vugqe dks igkspk, Avkehu esjh reke vgys bYe gt+jkr ls xwt+kfj‟k gSA fd bl fdrkc esa fdlh fd+Le dh x+yrh ut+j vk, A rks bRryk Qjek;sa bU‟kkvYykg ‟kqdfj;k ds lkFk jqtw djus okyk ik;saxa A
  • 3. vxys ,Mh‟ku esa rLghg dj nh tk,xh A vYykg nqu;k Hkj ds eqlyekuksa dks lqUuh myek ds QSt+ ls ekyk eky Qjek,A mnZw ls fgUnh &vCnqjZghe [kku d+knjh jt+oh tenk „‟kkgh cLrh ¼;qih½ gekjs lokykr myek, vgys lqUur ds tokckr loky 1 & rkft+;k cukuk dSlk gS tokc & l¸;nh vkyk gt+jr bekes vgys lqUur gtjr vYykek eksykuk bygkt vyd+kjh eq¶rh beke vgen jt+k [kku vySfgjZgeg bj‟kkn Qjekrs gSa A rkft+;k ekfl;r ¼xqukg½gSA rkft+;k cukuk ns[kuk tkbZt+ ughaA ¼gokyk& Qrkok ktfo;k ’kjhQ tnhn ftYn 16 lQg 155 lQk 489½ loky 2&‟kjv esa rkft+, dh vly ¼gd+hd+r½fd;k gS tokc &Qjekus vkyk gtjr vySfgjZgeg% rkft;k eEuwv gSA‟kjv ¼‟kjhvr½esa dqN vly ugha vkSj tks dqN fcnvkr mu ds lkFk dh tkrh gSA l[r uktkbZt+ gSaA ¼ gokyk& Qrkok jtfo;k ’kjhQ tnhn ftYn 24 lQk 490½ loky 03 & D;k rkft+;k cukuk dqQz o f‟kdZ gS tokc & vkyk gtjr Qjekrs gSa A rkft+;k t+:j uktkbZt+ o fcnvr gSA ¼ gokyk& Qrkok jtfo;k ’kjhQ tnhn ftYn 21 lQk 490½s loky 04& rkt+he djuk rkft, dh ‟kjvu dSlk gS
  • 4. tokc & vkyk gtjr Qjekrs gSa rkft+;k cukuk ns[kuk tkbZt+ ugha vkSj rkt+he o vd+hnr l[r gjke o v‟kn ¼l[r½fcnvr &vYykg rvkyk eqlyekuksa HkkbZ;ksa dks jkgs gd+ dh fgnk;r Qjek, A ¼ gokyk& Qrkok jtfo;k ’kjhQ tnhn ftYn 24 489½ loky 05 &rkft+, ij eUur ekuuk dSlk gS tokc & vkyk gtjr jft;Yykgq vUgq Qjekrs gSa rkft+, ij uUur ckfry o uktkbZt+ gS ¼ gokyk& Qrkok jtfo;k ’kjhQ tnhn ftYn 24 501½ loky & 06 & D;k rkft+, ds t+fj, gktrsa iwjh gksrh gSa tokc& vkyk gtjr jft;Yykgq vUgq Qjekrs gSa rkft+, dks gktr jok ;kuh t+fj, gktr jok le>uk tgkyr ij tgkyr gSA¼ gokyk& Qrkok jtfo;k ’kjhQ tnhn ftYn 24 499½ lqoky 07 & lquk gS vxj fdlh us rkft+;k cukus dh eUur ekuh rks t+:j cukuk pkfg, ojuk uqd+lku gksxk D;k ;g ckr nqjqlr gS & tokc & vkyk gtjr jft;Yykgq vUgq Qjekrs gSa rkft+;k cukuk fcnvr o xqukg gS ¼fygkt+k½ u djus dks ckbZls uqd+lku [;ky djuk t+ukuk oge gS eqlyeku dks ,Slh gjdr gjdkr o [;ky ls ckt+ vkuk pkfg, A ¼ gokyk& Qrkok jtfo;k ’kjhQ tnhn ftYn 24 lQk 499%503½ loky 08 & vxj dksbZ eqlyeku rkft+;g cuk, rks fdruk xqukg gS tokc & vkyk gtjr jft;Yykgq vUgq Qjekrs gSa fcnvr dk tks xqukg gS xqukg dh uki rkSy nqu;k esa ugha A ¼ gokyk& Qrkok jtfo;k ’kjhQ tnhn ftYn 24 509 510½ loky 09 & rkft+;g cukus okyksa dks rkft+;k cukus ds fy, pUnk nsuk ;k rkft+;k cukus esa enn djuk dSlk gS tokc & vkyk gtjr jft;Yykgq vUgq Qjekrs gSa rkft+;k esa fdlh fd+Le dh benkn tkbZt+ ugha A vYykg rvkyk us Qjek;k gS xqukg vkSj
  • 5. ft+;knrh ds eqvkeykr esa ,d nwljs dh enn u djuk D;k gSA ¼ikjk 6 lwjg ekbng 2½et+hn bj‟kkn Qjekrs gSa A vye ¼bLykeh >UMk ½rkft+, esa tks dqN lQZ ¼[kpZ½ gksrk gSA lc blzkQ o gjke gSA ¼ gokyk& ¼Qrkok jtfo;k ’kjhQ tnhn ftYn 24 505½ loky 10 & rkft+, ij tks feBkbZ p<+kbZ tkrh gSA d;k bl dks [kk ldrs gSa tokc & vkyk gtjr jft;Yykgq vUgq Qjekrs gSa rkft+;k ij tks feBkbZ p<+kbZ tkrh gSA vxj ps gjke ugha gks tkrh exj bl ds [kkus esa tkfgyksa dh ut+j esa ,d vej¼gqDe½uktkbZt+ ‟kjbZ dh od+vr c<+kus vkSj ml ds rdZ ¼NksMus½esa bl ls uQjr fnykbZ gSA fygkt+k u [kbZ tk,A ¼Qrkok jtfo;k ’kjhQ tnhn ftYn 24 499½ loky 11 &vye¼>UMk½rkft;k ns[kus ds fy, ?kjksa ls fudyuk dSlk gS tokc &vkyk gtjr jft;Yykgq vUgq Qjekrs gSa tks dke uktkbZt+ gSA mls rek‟ks ds rkSj ij ns[kus tkuk Hkh xqukg gS A¼Qrkok jt+fo;k lQk 499½et+hn ,d eqd+ke ij bj‟kkn Qjekrs gSa vye rkft+, esagnh mu dh eUur x‟r p<+kok <ksy rk‟ks ejfl, ekre eLuwbZ djcyk dks tkuk vkSjrksa dk rkft+, ns[kus dks fudyuk ;g lc ckrsa gjke o xqukg o uktkbZt+ o euk gSA ¼Qrkok jtfo;k ’kjhQ tnhn ftYn 24 498½ loky 12 &‟kksgnk, djcyk ds jkSt+ksa dh rLohjsa vkSj ud+‟ks ?kjksa vkSj nqdkuksa esa vkoht+ka dj ldrs gSa ;k ugha tokc & vkyk gtjr jft;Yykgq vUgq Qjekrs gSa ‟kS[kqy gnhl gt+jr vYykek ekSykuk vCnqyeqLrQk vkt+eh jgerqYykg vySg bj‟kkn Qjekrs gSa gt+jr bekes gqlSu jft;Yykgq vUgq vkSj ‟kksgnk, djcyk jft+;Yykgq rvkyk vUgqe ds eqdnnl jkStksa dh rLohj uD+‟kk cuk dj j[kuk vkSj mu dks ns[kuk ;g rks tkbZt+ gS Afd;ksafd ;g ,d xSj tkunkj pht +dh rLohj ;k uD+‟kk gSA fygkt+k ftl rjg dvck
  • 6. cSrqyeqdnnl uvySu ‟kjhQSu oxSjg dh rLohjsa vkSj mu ds uD+‟ks cuk dj j[kus dks ‟kjhvr us tkbZt+ Bgjk;k gSA blh rjg „‟qksgnk, djcyk ds jkStksa dh rLohjsa vkSj uD+‟ks Hkh ;d+huu tkbZt+ gh jgsaxsA ysfdu gj lky lSadMksa gt+kjksa :i;s ds [kpZ ls jkSt+, djcyk dk uD+‟kk cuk dj ml dks ikuh esa Mqcw nsuk ;k t+ehu esa nQu dj nsuk ;k taxyksa esa Qsad nsuk ;g ;dhuu gjke o uktkbZt+ gSA D;ksafd ;g vius eky dks cjckn djuk gSA vkSj eqlyeku tkurk gSA fd eky dks t+k, vkSj cjckn djuk gjke o uktkbZt+ gSA ¼tUurh t+oj r[kjht+ ‟kqnk lQk 155 156½ GdheqymEer rktnkjs xqtjkr eqQfLljs ‟kghj gt+jr vYykek ekSykuk eq¶rh vgen ;kj [kku ubZeh jgerqYykg vySg Hkh bj‟kkn Qjekrs gSa A vxj ¼gt+jr beke gqlSu jft;Yykgq rvkyk vUgq ds et+kj ‟kjhQ dk ½ lghg ud+‟kk r¸;kj fd;k tk, ftl dh tk, mls nQu u fd;k tk, cfYd egQwt+ j[[kk tk, csyk ‟kqcgk tkbZt+ gS A¼Qrkok ubZfe;k lQk 192½ loky 13& eqgjZe ‟kjhQ esa fd, tkus okys f[kykQs ‟kjv dkeksa dh fu‟kkunsgh Qjek,a tokc & ‟kS[kqygnhl gt+jr vYykek vCnqy eqLrQk vkt+eh jgerqYykfg vySfg bj‟kkn Qjekrs gSa <+ksy rk‟kk ctkuk rkft+;ksa dks ekre djrs gq, xyh xyh fQjkuk lhus dks gkFkksa ;k t+Ut+hjksa ;k Nqj;ksa ls ihV ihV dj vkSj ekj ekj dj vkSj mNyrs dqnrs gq, ekre djuk rkft+;ksa dh rkt++he ds fy, rkft+;ksa ds lkeus ltnk djuk rkft+;ksa ds /kwy mBk mBk dj crkSjs rcjZqd pgjksa ljksa vkSj lhuksa ij feyuk vius cPpksa dks Qd+hj cuk dj eqgjZe dh fu;kt+ ds fy, Hkhd eaxokuk lksx eukus ds fy, [kkl fd+Le dh yx+fo¸;kr vkSj [kqjkQkr dh jlesa tks eqlyekuksa esa QSyh gqbZ gSa A ;g lc eEuwv o uktkbZt+ gSA vkSj ;g lc t+eku, tkfgfy;r vkSj jkfQft;ksa ¼f‟k¸;ksa½ dh fudkyh gqbZ jlesa gSa A ftu ls rkSck djds [kqn Hkh bu gjke jleksa ls cpuk vkSj nwljksa dks cpkuk gj eqlyeku ij ykft+e
  • 7. gSA bl rjg rkft+;ksa dk tqywl ns[kus ds fy, vkSjrksa dk cs ijnk ?kjksa ls fudyuk vkSj enksZ ds etesv esa tkuk vkSj rkft;ksa dks >qd >qd dj lyke djuk ;g lc dke Hkh ‟kjhvr esa euk vkSj xqukg gSA ¼tUurh tsoj r[kjht ‟kqnk lQk156 157½ loky 14& eqgjZe ‟kjhQ esa nl jkst+ rd djcyk okyksa dh ;kn esa lksxokj jguk lkx eukuk ‟kjvu dSlk gS tokc & & vkyk gtjr Qjekrs gSa eqgjZe ‟kjhQ esa nl jkst+ rd lksxokj jguk eEuwv o uktkbZt+ gSA ¼Qrkok jtfo;k ’kjhQ tnhn ftYn24 lQk 508 ½ ethn vkyk gt+jr Qjekrs gSa ’kjhvr us vkSjr dks ’kkSgj dh ekSr ij pkj eghus nl fnu lksx dk gqDe fn;k gSA vkSjksa dh ekSr ds rhljs fnu rd btkt+r nh gSA ckd+h gjke gS vkSj gj lky lksx dh rtnhn rks fdlh ds fy, vlyu gyky ughaA ¼Qrkok jt+fo¸;k ’kjhQ tnhn ftYn 24 lQk 495½ loky 15 & eSnkus djcyk esa gt+jr bekes gqlSu jft;YYkkgq rvkyk vUgq vkSj mu ds jqQd+k ij t+qYe o flre fd, x, mUgsa i<+ dj ;k lqu dj fny x+ex+hu gks tk, vka[kksa ls vkalw Nyd iM+sa A rks D;k ;g Hkh euk gS tokc & vkykgtjr jft;Yykgq rvkyk vUgq Qjekrs gSa th ugha tSlk fd ljdkjs nks vkye lYyYykgq vySfg olYye bj’kkn Qjekrs gSa A vjs lqurs ugha gks cs’kd vYykg u vkWalqvksa ls jksus ij vt+kc djs u fdy ds xe ij ¼Sj t+cku dh rjQ ls b’kkjk djds Qjek;k ½gka ml ij vt+kc gS ;k jge Qjek, A bl dks cq[kkjh o eqfLye us gt+jr vCnqYykg bCus mej jfn;Yykgq vUgq ls fjok;r fd;k gS A¼lgh cq[kkjh fdrkcqy tuk;tlgh cq[kkjh fdrkcqy tuk;tckcqy cdk bUny ejht+ ftYn 1 lQk 174½blh rjg Qrkok vkyexhjh esa Hkh gS A tkfemyet+ejkr ls ¼cqyUn vkokt+ ls jksuk ½vkSj djuk chu djuk ¼bLyke esa½tk;t+ ugha ysfdu fcxSj vkokt+ ds jksuk vkSj cgkuk eeuwv ¼euk½ugh
  • 8. vkyk gt+jr beke vgen jt+k [kku jfn;Yykgq vUgq bj’kkn Qjekrs gSa dkSu lk lqUuh gksxk ftls okfd+, djcyk dk xe ugh A ;k ml dh ;kn ls fny egt+wu ¼eyky½vkSj vka[ks iqjue ugha gka elk,c es ge dks lcz dk gqDe Qjek;k gSA tt+v Qt+v ¼jsuk ihVuk lj iVduk fpYykuk½dks ’kjhvr euk Qjekrh gSA vkSj ftls okd+bZ fny esa xe u gks mls >wBk bt+gkjs xe ¼xe½ fj;k ¼fn[kkok½ gS vkSj d+lnu ¼tku cw> dj½x+e vkojh vkSj vkSj x+e ijojh f[kykQs jt+k gSA ftls ml dk xe u gks A mls cs x+e u jguk pkfg, cfYd ml x+e u gksus dk x+e gksuk pkfg, fd ml dh eqgCcr ukfd+l gSA vkSj ftl dh eqgCcr ukfd+l gks ml dk bZeku ukfd+l gSA oYykgq rvkyk vvyeq fcLlokc ¼Qrkok jt+fo;k ’kjhQ ftYn 24 lQk 487&488½ ¼16½loky%& ’kksgnk, djcyk jfn;Yykgq vUgqe dh ;kn esa ekre djuk vkSj uwgk i<+uk dSlk gS tokc %&vkyk gtjr jfn;Yykgq vUgq Qjekrs gSaa A ekre djuk Nkrh ihVuk gjke gS uht+¼vkSj½ekre o uwgk eqgjZe gks x+Sjs eqgjZe eryd+u gjke gSA ¼Qrkok jt+fo;k ’kjhQ ftYn 23 lQk407 ½ jlwys vdje lYyYykgq rvkyk vySfg olYye bj’kkn Qjekrs gSa eSa cs t+kj gwa ml ls tks Hknjk ys dj ys fpYyk, vkSj fpYYkk dj jks, vkSj fxjhcku pkd¼QkM+½djs ¼cq[kkjh o eqfLye us gtjr vcw ewlk v’kvjh jft;Yykgq vUgq ds gokys ls mls fjok;r fd;k ½¼Hknjk ;kuh fdlh ds ejus ij fgUnqvksa dh rjg crkSjs lksx lj eqUMkuk½ jlwyqYyk lYyYykgq vYSfg olYye us Qjek;k vYykg vT+t otYy us tgUue esa uwgk djus okyksa nks lQsa cuk,xk ,d lQ tgfUue;ksa ds nkguh tkfuc vkSj nksljh lQ tgUufe;ksa ds ck,a ¼myVs ½tkfuc og tgUufe¸;ksa ij bl rjg Hkksadrs gksaxs tSls dqRrs Hkksadrs gSa A ¼ljojs [kfrj rjtqek dqjZrqy m;wu lQk 30 ½
  • 9. ¼17½loky %&lquk gS 10 eqgjZe dks ?kj esa pwYgk tykuk jksVh idkuk >kM+w yxkuk ugha pkfg, D;k ;g ckr nqjqLr gS tokc %&vkyk gt+jr jfn;YYkkgq vUgq Qjekrs gSa ;g lc ckrsa lksx gSa vkSj lksx gjke gS ¼¼Qrkok jt+fo;k ’kjhQ ftYn 24 lQk 488 ½ Rkks ekywe gqvk 10 eqgjZe vk’kwjk ds jkst+ ?kj esa pwYgk tyk dj jksVh lkyu oxSjk idk Hkh ldrs gSa [kk Hkh ldrs gSa nksljksa dks f[kyk Hkh ldrs gSa vkSj ?kj dh lQkbZ Hkh dj ldrs gSa >kM+w o iksNk oxSjk Hkh yxk ldrs gSa A gekjk bZLyke 10 eqgjZe dks bu dkeksa ls euk ughs djrk A vYykg xyr Qgfe;ksa ls reke eqlyekuksa dks futkr vrk Qjek, A vkehu ¼18½loky%&eqgjZe ’kjhQ ds eghus esa ’kknh fc;kg dj ldrs gSa ;k ugha tokc %& vkyk gt+jr jfn;YYkkgq vUgq Qjekrs gSa ekgs eqgjZe esa fudkg djuk tk;t+ gSA fudkg fdlh eghus euk ughA ¼¼Qrkok jt+fo;k ’kjhQ ftYn 11 lQk 193½ eqgrje tuck izksQhlj eq¶rh equhcqjZgeku lkgc nker cjdkrgqeqy vkfy;k bj’kkn Qjekrs gSaAeqgjZe ;k lQj ;k lky ds fdlh Hkh eghus esa fudkg djuk euk ugh gSA ¼rQgheqy elk,y ftYn 1 lQk 240½ ¼19½loky%& lquk gS eqgjZe esa flQZ gtjr bekes gqlSu vkSj fnxSj ’kksgnk, djcyk jfn;Yykgq vUgqe vTkebZu dks bZlkys lokc dj ldrs gSa vkSj fdlh dks ugha A D;k ;g ckr nqjqLr gS tokc %& th ugh A vkyk gtjr jfn;Yykgq vUgq Qjekrs gSa eqgjZe oxSjg gj oD+rs t+ekuk esa reke vfEc;k vySfgeqLlykrq oLlyke vkSj vkSfy;k,
  • 10. fdjke dh fu;kt+ vkSj gj eqlyeku dh Qfrgk tk;t+ gSA vxj ps [kkl v’kjk ds fnu gksA ¼Qrkok jt+fo;k ’kjhQ ftYn 24 lQk 499½ et+hn bj’kkn Qjekrs gSa bu v¸;ke esa flok, bekes glu o bekes gqlSu jfn;Yykq vUgqek ds fdlh dh fu;kt+ Qkfrgk u fnykuk tgkyr gSA gj eghuk gj rkjh[k esa gj oyh dh fu;kt+ vkSj gj eqlyeku dh Qkfrgk gks ldrh gS A ¼Qrkok jt+fo;k ’kjhQ ftYn 11 lQk 488½ ¼20½loky%&eqgjZe ’kjhQ esa lqUuh eqlyekuksa dks dkys diM+s iguuk dSlk gS tokc %& vkyk gt+jr jfn;YYkkgq vUgq Qjekrs gSa eqlyekuksa dks pkfg, v’kj, eqckjdk esa rhu jaxksa dks iguus ls cps ¼1½fl;kg¼2½lCt+ ¼gjk½ ¼3½ lq[kZ yky¼Qrkok jtfo¸;k ’kjhQ tnhn ftYn24 lQk496½ gtjr vYykek ekSykuk eq¶rh eqgEen [kyhy [kku cjdkrh d+knjh jgerqYykg vySg Hkh bj’kkn Qjekrs gSa v¸;kes eqgjZe ;kuh ;dqe eqgjZe ls ckjgoha eqgjZe rd fl;kg jax u iguk tk, A D;ksafd jkfQft;ksa ;kuh f’k¸;ksa dk rjhd+k gSA ¼ek[kqt+ vt+ lqUuh cg’rh t+soj fgLlk iatqe lQk 578 ½ lxs vRrkj vtZ djrk gS eqgjZe ’kjhQ esa dkys diM+s igUuk f’k¸;ksa dk rjhd+k gS vkSj lksx dh vyker gS bl fy, myek Qjekrs gSa fd fl;kg fyckl iguus ls eqlyeku cps rkfd dksbZ ns[k dj cn xqekuh u djs f’k¸;k u le>s Agks v’kj, eqgjZe ds bykog dkyk fyckl iguus esa gt+Z ugh tSlk fd d+kuwus ’kjhvr es fy[kk gS fl;kg diM+s iguuk t+kfgj djus ds fy, u gksa rks eryd+u tk;t+ gS A¼d+kuwus ’kjhvr lQk335½ ¼21½loky%& eqgjZe esa vius cPpksa dks bekes gqlSu jfn;Yykgq vUgq dk Qd+hj cuk dj ?kj ?kj tk dj Hkhd ekaxuk dSlk gS tokc %& vkyk gt+jr jfn;YYkkgq vUgq Qjekrs gSa cPpksa dks lCt+ diM+s igukuk vkSj mu ds xyksa esa Mksfj;ka cka/k dj mu dks gtjr bekes gqlSu jfn;Yykgq vUgq dk Qd+hj cukuk eeuwv ¼euk½o uktk;t+
  • 11. gSA ¼Qrkok jtfo¸;k ’kjhQ tnhn ftYn 24 lQk 508½et+hn bj’kkn Qjekrs gSa Qd+hj cu dj fcyk t:jr o etcwjh Hkhd ekaxuk gjke gS vkSj ,Slksa dks nsuk Hkh gjke ¼bl fy, fd ;g xqukg ds dke ij nwljs dh benkn djuk gS½ ¼22½loky%& eqlyekuksa dk eqgjZe ’kjhQ esa ikuh ;k ’kjcr dh lchy yxkuk dSlk gS tokc%& vkyk gt+jr jfn;YYkkgq vUgq Qjekrs gSa ikuh ;k ’kjcr dh lchy yxk;k tfCd ;g fu¸;r egewn ¼;kuh vPNh fu¸;r ds lkFk½vkSj [kkfylu fyotfgYykg ¼vYykg dh jt+k ds fy, ½lokc jlkbZ vjokgs r¸;ck vbZEe, vrgkj ¼vkbEe, vrgkj dh ikd vjikg dks lokc igksapkuk½ ed+lwn gks fcyk ’kcgk csgrj o eqLrgc o dkjs lokc gSA¼Qrkok jtfo¸;k ’kjhQ tnhn ftYn24 lQk520½ ¼23½loky%&vgys r’khv dh yxkbZ gqbZ lchy ls lqUuh eqlyekuksa dks ikuh ’kjcr oxSjk ihuk pkfg, ;k ugha tokc%&vkyk gt+jr jfn;YYkkgq vUgq Qjekrs gSa eq r okfrj lquk x;k gSA fd lfUu;ksa dks tks tks ’kjcr nsrs gSa bl esa futklr feykrs gSaA vkSj dqN u gks rks vius ;gka ds ukikd fd+YyrSu dk ikuh feykrs gSa ¼Qrkok jtfo¸;k ’kjhQ tnhn ftYn 24 lQk526½ loky¼24½%&bZekes gqlSu vkSj fnxSj ’kksgnk, djcyk jfn;Yykgq vUgqe dh fu;kt+ o Qkfrgk ds ckjs myek, fdjke D;k Qjekrs gSa tokc%& vkyk gt+jr jfn;YYkkgq vUgq Qjekrs gSa Qkfrgk tk;t+ gS jksVh ’kjhuh ’kjcr ftl pht+ ij gks exj rkft+;k ij j[k dj ;k ml ds lkeus gksuk tgkyr gS vkSj ml ij p<+kus ds lcc rcjZqd le>uk gekd+r gSA gka rkft+;k ls tqnk tks [kkfyl lPph fu¸;r ls gt+jkrs ’kksgnk, djcyk jfn;Yykgq vUgqe dh fu;kt+ gks og t:j rcjZqd gSA ogkch [kchl fd mls [kchl dgrk gS [kqn [kchl gSA ¼ftYn 24lQk498½
  • 12. et+hn bj’kkn Qjekrs gSa gt+jr bekes gqlSu dh fu;kt+ [kkuh pkfg, vkSj rkft+;k dk p<+k gqvk [kkuk ugh [kkuk pkfg, rkft+;k ij p<+kus ls gtjr bekes gqlSu dh fu;kt+ ugha gks tkrh vkSj vxj fu;kt+ ns dj p<+k,a ;k p<+k dj fu;kt+ fnyk;s arks ml ds [kkus ls ,grsjkt+ ¼;kuh cpuk½ pkfg, gA ¼ftYn 24lQk524½ eq¶rh eqgEen [kyhy [kka cjdkrh d+knjh jgerqYykg vySg Qjekrs gSa ekgs eqgjZe esa nl fnuksa rd [kqlwlu nloha dks gtjr l¸lfnuk beke gqlSu jfn;Yykgq vUgq o fnxj ’kksgnk, djcyk dks bZlkys lokc djrs gSa AdksbZ ’kjcr ij Qkfrgk fnykrk gSA dksbZ feBkbZ ij dksbZ :Vh xks’r ij dksbZ f[kpM+k idokrk gSa A cgqr ls ikuh vkSj ’kjcr dh lchy yxk nsrs gSa tkM+ksa ¼;kuh ljfn;ksa½ esa pk; fiykrs gSa ;g lc tk;t+ gSaA bu dks uktk;t+ ugh dgk tk ldrk A ¼lqUuh cg’rh t+soj fgLlk lkse 318 319 ’kS[kqy gnhl gtjr vYykek ekSykuk vCnqy eqLrQk vkt+eh jgerqYykg vySg bj’kkn Qjekrs gSa eqgjZe ds nl fnuksa esa rd [kqlwlu vk’kwjk ds fnu ’kjcr fiyk dj [kkuk f[kyk dj ’khjhuh ij ;k f[kpM+k idk dj ’kksgnk, djcyk dh Qkfrgk fnykuk vkSj mu dh :gksa dks lokc igksapkuk ;g lc tk;t+ vkSj lokc ds dke gSa vkSj lc phtksa dk lokc ;d+huu ’kksgnk, djcyk dh :gksa dks igksaprk gS A vkSj ml Qkfrgk o bZlkys lokc ds elvys esa gUQh ’kkQbZ ekysdh gEcyh vgys lqUur ds pkjksa beke dk bRrsQkd+ gSA ¼’kjgqyvd+k,n 172 ½ igys t+ekuksa esa fQjd+, eksrf+tyk vkSj bl t+ekus esa fQjd+, ogkfc;k bl elvys esa vgys lqUur ds f[kykQ gSa vkSj Qkfrgk o bZlkys lokc ls euk djrs jgrs gS A rqe eqlyekukus vgys lqUur dk ykft+e gS Afd gjfxt+ gjfxt+ u mu dh ckrsa lquks A u mu yksxksa ls esy tksy j[kks ojuk rqe [kqn Hkh xqejkg gks tkvksxs vkSj nksljksa dks Hkh xqejkg djksxsA ¼tUurh tsoj r[kjht ’kqnk 159½ ¼25½ loky %&vgys r’kh ¼f’k¸;k½dh etfylksa esa tkdj lqUuh eqlyekuksa dks c;kus ’kgknr lquuk pkfg, ;k ugha
  • 13. tokc %&vkyk gtjr vySfgjZger Qjekrs gSa vgys r’khv dh ejfl;k [okuh dh etfyl esa vgys lqUur oy tekvr dk ’kjhd o ’kkfey gksuk gjke gSA og cn t+cku ukikd yksx vdlj rcjZk ¼cqjk Hkyk xkkyh nsuk ½cd tkrs gSa bl rjg ds tkfgy lquus okyksa dks [kcj Hkh ugh gksrh ¼mu dh etfyl ½fjok;r ekStwvg vkSj dyekrs ’kuhvg¼;kuh eu ?kM+r ckrksa vkSj cqjs vyQkt+ksa½ vkSj ekre gjke ls [kkyh ugh gksrh vkSj ;g ns[ksaxs lqusaxs vkSj euk u dj ldsaxs ,Slh txg tkuk gjke gSA¼Qrkok jtfo¸;k ’kjhQ tnhn ftYn 23 lQk526½ ¼26½loky%&f’k¸;k dgrs gSa ge eqgjZe esa tks dqN djrs gSa lc vgys cSr o ’kksgnk, djcyk dh eqgCcr esa djrs gSa ml dk D;k tokc gS tokc%&[krhcs ikfdLrkus gtjr ekSykuk eqgEen ’kQh vkSdkMoh jgerqYykg vySg vUgq Qjekrs gS A fl;kg diM+s iguuk diM+ksa dk QkM+uk fxzhcku pkd pkd djuk cky fc[ksjuk lj ij [kkd Mkyuk lhuk dwch djuk vkSj jkuksa ij gkFk ekjuk vkSj ?kksM+k vkSj rkft+;k oxSjg fudkyuk ;g lc uktkbZt+ o gjke gSA vkSj ckfry gSA vxj ;g ckrsa tk;t+ nyhy eqgCcr vkSj ckbZls lokc gksrha rks beke t+Suqy vkfcnhu ;k fnxj vbEe, vgys cSr jfn;Yykgq vUgqe mu dks djrs A dksbZ lkfcr ugha dj ldrk fd mUgksa us ,Slk fd;k gks A cfYd mu ls bu ¼dkeksa ½dh eqekfuvr gSA ¼27½D;k eSnkus djcyk esa gt+jr d+kfle jfn;Yykgq vUgq dh ‟kknh gqbZ Fkh ;k ugha tokc%&eqQrh tykyqn nhu vgen vetnh jgerqYykfg vUgq Qjekrs gSa gtjr d+kfle jfn;Yykgq vUgq dk fj‟rk beke vkyh eqd+ke dh lkgct+knh ldhuk ls r; gks pqdk Fkk ¼[kqrckr eqgjZe lQk 410½ ysfdu vkyk gt+jr beke vgen jtk jgerqYykg vUgq Qjekrs gSa A eSnkus djcyk esa ;g ‟kknh gksuk lkfcr ughaA¼Qrkok jtfo¸;k24 l 501½
  • 14. ¼28½bekes gqlSu vkSj fnxj ‟kksgnk, djcyk ds gkykr vkSj ‟kgknr ds okfd+;kr c;ku djuk dSlk gS tokc %&vkykgtjr jft;Yykgq vUgq Qjekrs gSa ft+djs ‟kgknr ‟kjhQ tfCd fjok;kr ekSt+wv ¼;kuh eu ?kM+r jok;kr ½vkSj dyekr eeuwvk vkSj fu¸;r uk e‟:vg ¼x+yr vyQjt+ vkSj uktk;t+ fu¸;r½ls [kkyh gks vSu lvknr gS lkfyghu ds ft+dz ij vYykg dh jger ukft+y gksrh gSA¼ Qrkok jtfo¸;k24 l 517½ et+hn bj‟kkn Qjekrs gSa tks efTyl ftdzs ‟kjhQ gtjr l¸;nuk bekes gqlSu o vgys cSr fdjke jft;Yykgq vUgqe dh gks A ftl esa jok;krs lghgk eksvrcj ls mu ds Qtk,y o eukfd+c vkSj enkfjt c;ku fd, tk;sa vkSj ekre o rtnhn x+e oxSjg mewj eq[kkbQk ‟kjv ls ;dlj ¼fcYdqy½ ikd gks Qh uQflgh glu o egewn gSA [okg ml esa ut+e i<+sa ;k ulj A¼Qrkok jtfo¸;k24 l 523½ eq¶rh eqgEen [kyhy [kka cjdkrh d+knjh jgerqYykg vySg Qjekrs gSa v‟j, eqgjZe esa efTyl eqUvfd+n djuk vkSj okfd+;krs djcyk c;ku djuk tk;t+ gSA tfCd jok;krs lghgk c;ku dh tk, A vkSj bu okfd+;krses lcz o rgEeqy jt+k o rLyhe dk cgqr eqdEey nlZ gSA vkSj ikcfUn, vgdkes ‟kjhvr vkSj bRrsck, lqUur dk t+cj nLr veyh lcwr gSA fd nhus gd+ dh fgQkt+r esa reke vt+ht+ksa jQhd+ksa vkSj [kqn vius dks jkgs [kqnk esa d+jcku fd;k vkSj tt+v Qt+v dk uke Hkh u vkus fn;k exj bl efTyl esa lgkc, fdjke fjt+okuYykfg rvkyk vySfge vtebZu dk ftdzs [kSj gksuk pkfg, A rkfd vgys lqUur vkSj vkSj f‟¸;ksa dh efTyl esa ;g Qd+Z vkSj bfEr;kt+ jgs bu etkfyl esa yksx bt+gkjs xe ds fy, lj ds cky fc[ksjrs gSa diM+s QkM+rs gSa lj ij [kkd Mkyrs gSa ;g lc uktk;t+ vkSj tfgfy;r ds dke gSa lqUuh eqlyekuksa dks bu ls cpuk fugk;r t:jh gSaA vgknhls esa bu dh l[r eqekfuvr vkbZ gSA eqlyeku enksZ vkSj vkSjrksa ij ykft+e gSAfd ,Sls mewj ls cpsa vkSj ,Sls dke djsa ftu ls vYykg o jlwy vT+t o tYy o lYyYykgq vySfg olYye jkt+h gksa fd ;gh futkr dk jkLrk gSA ¼lqUuh cg‟rh t+soj fgLlk pgkjqe lQk 449 550½
  • 15. eqgjZeqygjke 29 loky %&”kksnk, djcyk jfn;Yykgq vUgks ds bZlkys lokc ds fy, tks f[kpM+k idk;k tkrk gSA;g idkuk dgka ls lkfcr gS D;k ;g idkuk t+#jh gS tokc%&vkyk gt+jr jfn;Yykgq vUgq Qjekrs gSaA tgka ls “kknh dk iqykm- nvor dk t+jnk lkfcr gqvk ;g r[klhlkr xft+Z;k gSa u fd “kjb¸;k gka tks mls ¼;kuh f[kpM+k idkus dks ½”kjvu t+#jh tkus og ckfry gSA ¼Qrkok jtfo¸;k “kjhQ tnhn ftYn 24 lQk494½ vYykek vCnqy eqLrQk vkt+eh jgerqYykfg vySg Qjekrs gSa vk”kwjk ds fnu f[kpM+k idkuk Qt+Z ;k okftc ugha gSAysfdu ml ds gjke o uktkbt+ gksus dh Hkh dksbZ nyhy “kjbZ ugha gSA cfYd ,d fjok;r gS fd [kkl vkk”kwjk ds fnu
  • 16. f[kpM+k idkuk gt+jr uwg vySfgLlyke dh lqUur gSA pqukUps eUd+wy gS fd tc rwQku ls futkr ik dj gtjr uwg vySfgLlyke dh d”krh twnh igkM+ ij Bsgjh rks vk”kwjk dk fnu Fkk vki us d”rh esa ls reke vuktksa dks ckgj fudkyk rks Qksy ¼cM+h eVj½xsgwa - tkS elwj puk pkoy fi;kt+ lkr fd+Le ds x+Yys ekStwn Fks vki us lkrksa vuktksa dks ,d gh gkaMh esa feykdj idk;k & pqukUps vYykek “kgkcqíhu d+y;wch us Qjek;k fd felz esa tks [kkuk vk”kwjk ds fnu rch[kqy gqcwc ¼f[kpM+k½ds uke ls idk;k tkrk gSA ml dh vly nyhy ;gh gtjr uwg vySfgLlyke dk vey gSA ¼30½loky%&lquk gS f[kpM+s dks gyhe ugh dguk pkfg, D;k ;g ckr nqjqLr gS
  • 17. tokc %&”kS[ks rjhd+r vehjs vgys lqUur ekSykuk bylkl vRrkj d+knjh bj”kkn Qjekrs gSaA vokeqUukl f[kpM+s dks gyhe dgrs gSa ysfdu eq>s gyhe dgus esa et+k ugh vkrk eSa vYykg rvkyk ds vnc ds rkSj ij f[kpM+k dks gyhe dguk ilUn ugh djrk +++++ rks mnZw esa bl fx+t+k dks f[kpM+k gh dgrs gSa rks f[kpM+k uke gksrs gq, vYykg dk uke ,d fx+tk+ ij D;wqa bLrseky D;k tk, f[kpM+s dks gyhe dguk uktkbZt+ ugh ysfdu gyhe dguk okftc Hkh ugh gSA ¼ek[kwt+ vt+ c;ku vkfM;ks dSflV eqgjZe ds Qt+k,y½ ge b”d+ ds cUns gSa D;ksa ckr c<+kbZ gSA 31 loky%&eqgjZe “kjhQ esa fd;k tkus okyk dksbZ [k+kl vey ;k ot+hQk gks rks og Hkh crk nsa tokc %&ikjg 9 lwjg vvjkQ vk;r 97-98-99- v Q vfe u vgyqy d+qjk ls [k+kfl#u rd
  • 18. ml dh cjdr o Qthyr “kS[kqy gnhl vYykek vCnqy eqLrQk vkt+eh bj”kkn Qjekrs gSa eqgjZe dh igyh rkjh[k+ dks bu rhuksa vk;rksa dks dkx+t+ ij fy[k+ dj vkSj ikuh ls /kksdj ftl ?kj ds xks”ksa es fNM+d fn;k tk, og lkai fcPNw vkSj reke ewt+h tkuojksa ls lyker jgsxk ¼elbyqy d+qjvku lQk 272½ ckfu, nkors bLykeh ekSykuk by;kl d+knjh vRrkjh “kElqy evkfjQ erjtqe lQk 74 ds gokys ls bj”kkn Qjekrs gSa ;dqe eqgjZeqy gjke dks fcfLeYykfgjZgekfujZghe 130 ckj fy[k dj ;k fy[kokdj tks dksbZ vius ikl j[ks ;k IykfLVd dksfVax djok dj diM+s -;k jsxthu];k peM+s esa flyokdj igu ysa bu bu”kkvYykg mej Hkj bl dks ;k ml ds ?kj esa fdlh dks dksbZ cqjkbZ u igksaps] vge elvyg%& lksus ;k pkanh ;k fdlh Hkh /kkr dh fMfC;k esa rkoht+ iguuk enZ dks tkbZt+ ugha blh rjg fdlh Hkh /kkr dh t+Uthj [okg bl esa rkoht+ gks ;k u gks enZ dks iguuk uktbZt+ o xqukg gSA blh rjg lksus pkanh vkSj LVhy oxSjg fdlh Hkh /kkr dh r[+rh ;k dM+k ftl ij dqN fy[kk gqvk gks ;k u gks vxjps vYykg dk eqckjd uke ;k dfyek oxSjg [kqnkbZ fd;k gqvk gks ml dk iguuk enZ ds fy, uk tkbZt+ gSA vkSjr lksus ;k pkanh dh fMfc;k esa rkoht+ igu ldrh gSA
  • 19. ,d vkSj [k+kl ckr%&vk;r ;k rfLe;k fy[kus esa vvjkc ;kuh t+cj ts+j is”k yxkus dh t#jr ugh tc Hkh iguus ;k ihus ;k yVdkus ds fy, crkSj rkoht+ dksbZ vk;r ;k bckjr fy[ksa rks nk,js okys g#Q ds nk,js [kqys j[kus gksaxs elyu vYykg esa gs dk vkSj jgeku vkSj jghe nksuksa esa ehe dk nk,jk [kqyk j[ksa ¼QSt+kus fcfLeYykg lQk 69] 70] vkSj 136] 137] ½ ¼32½loky%& ;t+hn dks iyhn dg ldrs gSa tokc%& vkyk gtjr beke vgen jt+k jgerqYykg vySg us Qrkok jt+fo¸;k “kjhQ tnhn ftYn 10 lQk 194 ij vkSj ftYn 28 lQk 52 ij ;t+hn dks iyhn fy[kk gS A et+hn ,d eqd+ke ij vkyk gt+jr Qjekrs gSa ;t+hn cs “kd iyhn Fkk mls iyhn dguk vkSj fy[kuk tkbZt+ gSA ¼Qrkok jtfo¸;k 14 l 603½ ¼rQlhyh ekywekr ds fy, eqlfUuQ vkcs dkSlj eq¶rh eqgEen vehu lkgc dh fdrkc ;t+hn dkSu Fkk eqykfgt+k Qjekb,½ 33 loky%& ;t+hn dks dkfQj dg ldrs ;k ug
  • 20. tokc%& vkyk gtjr Qjekrs gSa ;t+hn ds ckjs esa vbEe, vgys lqUur ds rh u d+kSy gSaA 1] beke vgen jfn;Yykgq vUgq ds ut+nhd dkfQj gS bl lwjr esa ml dh cf[“k”k ugh gksxh 2 beke xt+kyh jfn;Yykgq vUgq oxSjg mls eqlyeku rLyhe djrs gSa rks ml ij fdruk gh vt+kc gks fcyvkf[kj cf[“k”k t+#j gksxh 3 bekes vkt+e vcw guhQk jfn;Yykgq vUgq bl evkfeys esa lqdwr QJekrs gSa fd u ge eqlyeku dgsa u dkfQj fygkt+k bl esa ge Hkh lqdwr djsaxs ¼ek[+qk+t+ vt+Qrkok jtfo¸;k “kjhQ tnhn ftYn 14 lQk682½ ¼34½loky%&lquk gS fd beke t+Suqy vkfcnhu us ;t+hn dks ex+fQjr ds okLrs fdlh [k+kl rjhd+s ls uekt+ i<+us dh rkyhe QjekbZ Fkh tokc%&vkyk gt+jr jft+;Yykgq vUgq Qjekrs gSa ;g fjok;r egt+ cs vly gS gtjr us dksbZ uekt+ bl iyhn dh ex+fQjr ds fy, bl dks rkyhe QjekbZ ¼Qrkok jtfo¸;k “kjhQ tnhn 28 lQk 52½ 35 loky%&;thn iyhn dks cqjk dguk tkbt+ gS ;k ugh tokc%&eq¶rh tykyqíhu vgen vetnh jgerqYykgq vySfg Qjekrs gSa cs “kd ;t+hn [k+chl dks cqjk dguk tkbZt+ gSA¼Qrkok QSt+qjZlwy fgLlk vOoy lQk126½
  • 21. 36 loky%&;t+hn dh ekSr gkyrs dqQj ij gqbZ ;k gkyrs bZeku ij tokc%& eq¶rh tykyqíhu vgen vetnh jgerqYykgq vySfg Qjekrs gSa ;t+hn dh ekSr gkyrs dqQz ij gqbZ ;k gkyrs bZeku ij bls vYykg o jlwy gh tkurs gSa ¼¼Qrkok QSt+qjZlwy fgLlk vOoy lQk126½ ½ 37 loky ogkch nsocUnh vke rkSj ij dgrs gSa fd ;t+hn us vxjps gt+jr beke gqlSu jfn;Yykgq vUgks dks “kghn djok;k exj og tUurh gS bl fy,fd cq[kkjh “kjhQ esa gnhl gS gqt+wj lYyYYkkgq vySfg olYye us Qjek;k fd esjh mEer dk igyk y”dj tks dqLrqUrqU;k ij geyk djsxk og c[“kk gqvk gS vkSj dqLrqUrqU;k ij igyk geyk djus okyk ;t+hn gS ysgkt+k og c[”kk c[“kk;k gqvk iSnkbZ”kh tUurh gSA rks ogkfc;ksa nso cfUn;ksa dh bl cdokl dk tokc D;k gS tokc %& eq¶rh tykyqíhu vgen vetnh jgerqYykfg vySg Qjekrs gSa ;t+hn iyhn ftl us efLtns ucoh vkSj cSrqYykg “kjhQ dh l[r cs gqjerh dh] ftl us gt+kjksa lgkc, fdjke o rkfcbZus bt+ke jfn;Yykgq rvkyk vUgqe dk cs xqukg d+Rys vke fd;k]vkSj ftl us enhu, r¸;ck dh ikd nkeu [okrhu dks rhu “kckuk jkst+ vius y”dj ij gyky fd;k vkSj ftl us Qjt+ans jlwy ftxj xks”k, crwy gt+jr beke gqlSu jfn;Yykgq vUgq dks rhu fnu cs
  • 22. vkc o nkuk j[k dj fi;klk ft+cg fd;k ] ,sls cn c[r vkSj ejnwn ;t+hn dks tks yksx c[“kk c[“kk;k gqvk iSnkb”kh tUurh dgrs gSa vkSj lcwr ess cq[kkjh “kjhQ dh gnhl dk gokyk nsrs gSa og vgys cSrs fjlkyr ds nq”eu [k+kjth vkSj ;t+hnh gSa bu ckfry ijLr ;t+hfn;ksa dk ed+ln ;g gS fd tc ;t+hn dh cf[“k”k vkSj ml dk tUurh gksuk gnhl “kjhQ ls lkfcr gS] rks beke gqlSu jfn;Yykgq vUgq dk ,sls “k[l dh cSvr u djuk vkSj ml ds f[kykQ v-y-es tsgkn cqyan djuk cx+kor gS vkSj lkjs fQru, o Qlkn dh ft+Eesnkjh mUgha ij gS]¼umft+fcYykfg feu t+kfyd ½ ogkch nsocUnh ;t+hn iyhn ds tUurh gksus ds eqrvfYyd+ tks gnhl is”k djrs gSa ml ds vLy vYQ+kt+ ;g gSa ufc¸;s vdje lYyYykgq vySfg olYye us Qjek;k fd esjh mEer dk igyk y”dj tks d+Slj ds “kgj dqLrqUrqU;k ij geyk djsxk og c[“kk gqvk gSA¼cq[kkjh “kjhQ ftYn vOoy lQk 410½ rks vYykg ds egcwc nkuk, [k+Q+k;k o xq;wc tuck vgens eqTrck egEen eqLrQk lYyYykgq vySfg olYye dk ;g Qjekus gd+ gSA ysfdu d+Slj ds “kgj dqLrqUrqU;k ij igyk gEyk djus okyk ;t+hn gSA ogkfc;ks vkSj nsofUn;ksa dk;g x+yr gS bl fy, fd ;t+hn us dqLrqUrqU;k ij dc geyk fd;k bl ds ckjs esa
  • 23. pkj vd+oky gSa lu49 fgtjh lu 52 fgtjh vkSj 55 fgtjh tSlk fd dkfey bCus vlhj ftYn lkse lQk 131 fgnk;k fugk;k ftYn g”rqe 32 vSuh “kjg cq[k+kjh ftYn pgkjqe ngqe vkSj vlkck ftYn vOoy lQk 405 esa gSa lkfcr gqvk fd ;t+hn lu 49 fgtjh ls 55 fgtjh rd dqLrqUrqU;k dh fdlh tax esa “kjhd gqvk pkgs flig lkykj og jgk gks ;k gtjr lqQ;ku fcu vkSQ vkSj og ekewyh flikgh jgk gks exj dqLrqUrqU;k ij bl ls igys geyk gks pqdk Fkk ftl ds flik lkykj gtjr vCnqjZgeku fcu [kkfyn fcu oyhn Fks vkSj muds lkFk gtjr vcw v¸;wc vUlkjh Hkh Fks ¼jfn;Yykgks vUgqe½ tSlk fd vcw nkmn “kjhQ fdrkc vyftgkn lQk 340 dh gnhl ls tkfgj gS vkSj vCnqjZgeku fcu [k+kfyn jfn;Yykgq vUgq dk bUrsd+ky lu 46 lu 47 fgtjh esa gqvk tSlk fd fgnk;k fugk;k ftYn g”rqe lQk 31 dkfey bCus v’khj ftYn lkse lQk 229 vkSj vlnqYkx+kck ftYn lkse 440 esa gSA ekywe gqvk fd vki dk geyk dqLrqUrqU;k ij lu 46 fgtjh ;k 47 fgtjh ls igys gqvk vkSj rkjh[k+ dh eqvRrcj fdrkcsa “kkfgn gSa fd ;t+hn dqLrqUrqU;k dh ,d tax ds bykog fdlh esa “kjhd ugh gqvk rks lkfcr gks x;k fd gtjr vCnqjZgeku us dqLrqUrqU;k ij tks igyk geyk fd;k Fkk ;t+hn ml esa “kjhd ugh Fkk A rks fQj gnhls vOoy tS l feu mEerh es ;t+hn nkf[k+y ugha gqvk vkSj tc og nkf[ky ugh rks bl gnhl dh c”kkjr dk Hkh
  • 24. og eqLrfgd+ ugha vkSj pwafd vcwnkmn “kjhQ flgkgs flRrk esa ls gS bl fy, vke dqrqc rkjh[k+ ds eqd+kcys esa blh dh fjok;r dks rjthg nh tk,xh A jgh ;g ckr fd gtjr gtjr vcw v¸;wc vUlkjh jfn;Yykgq vUgks dk bursd+ky ml tax esa gqvk fd ftl dk fliglkykj ;t+hn FkkA rks ml esa dksbZ [k+ytku ugh bl fy, fd dqLrqUrqU;k dk igyk geyk tks gtjr vCnqjZgeku jfn;YYkgq vUgq dh ljdnZxh esa gqvk vki bl esa “kjhd jgs vkSj fQj cvn esa tc ml ml y”kdj es “kjhd gq, fd ftl dk fliglkykj ;t+hn Fkk rks dqLrqUrqU;k esa vki dk bUrsd+ky gks x;k ] bl fy, fd dqLrqUrqU;k ij eqrvfín ckj bLykeh y”dj geyk vkoj gqvk gSA vkSj vxj ;g rLyhe Hkh dj fy;k tk, fd dqLrqUrqU;k ij geyk geyk djus okyk tks y”dj FkkA ml esa ;t+hn ekStwn Fkk fQj Hkh ;g gjfx+t+ lkfcr u gksxk fd ml ds lkjs djrwr evkQ gksx, vkSj og tUurh gSA bl fy, fd gnhl “kjhQ esa Hkh gS tc nks eqlyeku vkil esa eqlkQgk djrs gSa rks tqnk gksus ls igys bu nksuks dh c[“k fn;k tkrk gS ¼frfeZt+h “kjhQ ftYn2 lQk 97½ vkSj gqtwj l¸;ns vkye lYyYykgq vySfg olYye us Qjek;k gS fd tks ekgs jet+ku esa jkst+snkj dks b¶rkj djok, ml ds xqukgksa ds fy, ex+fQjr gS ¼fe”kdkr lQk 147½ vkSj ljdkjs vd+nl lYyYykgq vySfg olYye dh gnhl ;g Hkh gSA fd jkst+s oxSjg ds lcc ekgs
  • 25. jet+ku dh vkf[kjh jkr esa bl mEer dks c[“k fn;k tk,xk ¼fe”kdkr lQk174½ ysgkt+k vxj ogkfc;ksa nsocfUn;ksa dh ckr eku yh tk, rks bu vgknhls djhek dk ;g eryc gksxk fd eqlyeku ls eqlkQgk djus okys ]jkst+snkj dks b¶rkj djokus okys vkSj ekgs jet+ku es jkst+k j[kus okys lc c[“ks c[“kk, tUurh gSa vc vxj og gjeSu r¸;cSu dh csgqjerh djsa evkQ]dvck “kjhQ dks ¼evkt+Yykg½[ksn dj Qsad nsa evkQ] efLtns ucoh esa x+sykt+r Mkysa evkQ] gt+kjksa cs xqukg dks d+Ry dj Mkysa evkQ] ;gka rd fd vxj l¸;nqy vfEc;k eqgEenqjZlwyqYykg lYtyYykgq vySfg olYye ds ftxj ikjksa dks rhu fnu dk Hkksdk fi;klk j[k dj ft+cg dj M+kysa rks og Hkh evkQ] vkSj tks pkgsa djsa lc evkQ] ¼umt+qfcYykfg feu t+kfyd½ [kqnk, vT+tks otYy ;t+hn uokt+ ogkfc;ksa nsocfUn;ksa dks lgh le> vrk Qjek, vkSj xqejkgh o cn et+gch ls cpus dh rkSQhd+ jQhd+ c[“ks ]vkehu ¼Qrkok QSt+qjZlwy fgLlk nkse lQk 710ls 712½ 38 loky%& ;t+hn iyhn ds okfyns eksgrje tukc gt+jrs vehj eqvkfo;k jfn;Yykgq vUgq ds ckjs esa myek, bLyke D;k Qjekrs gSa yokc %& eq¶rh tykyqíhu vgen vetnh jgerqYykfg vySg Qjekrs gSa ]vki dk uke eqvkfo;k vksj dqfUu;r vcw vCnqjZgeku gSa] okfyn dh rjQ ls vkidk flyfly,
  • 26. ulc ;g gSA eqvkfo;k fcu vcw lqQ;ku lUtj fcu gjc fcu me¸;k fcu vCns “kEl fcu vCns equkQ vkSj okfynk dh rjQ ls ulc ;wa gS] eqvkfo;k fcUr fgUn fcUr mRck fcu jchvk fcu vCns “kEl fcu vCns equkQ ufc¸;s djhe lYyYykgq vySfg olYye ds pkSFks nknk gSa bl fy, fd gqt+wj lYyYykgq vySfg olYye dk flyfly, ulc ;g gS bCus vCnqYyk fcu vCnqy eqRrfyc fcu gkf”ke fcu vCns eukQ ] [qkyklk ;g gqvk gt+jr vehj eqvkfo;k jfn;Yykgq vugks okfyn dh rjQ ls ikapoh iq”r esa vkSj okfyng dh rjQ ls Hkh ikapoh iq”r esa gqt+wj vd+nl lYyYykgq vySfg olYye ds flyfly, ulc es vki ds pkSFks nknk vCns eukQ ls fey tkrs gSaA ftl ls tkfgj gqvk fd vki ulc ds fygkt+ ls gqtwj lYyYykgq vySfg olYye ds d+jhch vgys d+jkcr es ls gSa vkSj fj”rsnkj esa jlwys djhe lYyYykgq vySfg olYye ds gd+hd+h lkys gSa ]bl fy, fd mEeqy eksfeuhu gt+jr mEes gchck fcUr vcw lq¶;ku jfn;Yykgq vUgq tks gqtwj lYyYykgq vySfg olYye dh t+kSt, eksgrjek gSa og gt+jr vehj eqvkfo;k jfn;Yykgq vUgks dh gd+hd+h cgu gSa blh fy, vkfjQs fcYykg ekSykuk #eh jgerqYykg vySg us viuh eLuoh “kjhQ esa vki dks reke eksfeuksa dk ekewa rgjhj Qjek;k gSA ¼[kqrckrs eqgjZe l 293 294½
  • 27. “kS[kqy gnhl gt+jr vYykek vCnqy eqLrQk vkt+eh jgerqYykfg vySg Qjekrs gSaA gtjr vehj eqvkfo;k jfn;Yykgq vUgks cgksr gh [kqclwjr xksjs jax okys vkSj fugk;r gh othg vkSj jqvkc okys Fks pqukUps vehjqy eksfeuhu gt+jr mej jfn;Yykgq vUgks Qjek;k djrs Fks fd **eqvkfo;k** vjc ds *dljk* gSa ] gtjr vehj eqvkfo;k jfn;Yykgq vUgks pwafd cgksr gh menk dkfrc Fks bl fy, njckjs ucOor esa og+h ¼dykes bykgh½fy[kus okyksa dh tekvr es “kkfey dj fy, x, ] bLyke esa cgjh¼leqUnzh ½ yM+kbZ ds eftn vki gSa] taxh csM+ksa dh rkehj dk dkj[kkuk Hkh vki us cuok;k ] [k+”dh vkSj leqUnzh QkStksa dj csgrjhu rUt+he QjekbZ vkSj ftgknksa dh cnkSyr bLykeh gqdwer dh gqnwn olhv rj djrs jgs vkSj b”kkvrs bLyke dk nk,jk cjkcj c<+rk jgkA tk ctk elkftn dh rkehj vkSj nlZxkgksa dk D+;ke Qjekrs jgsA ¼djkers lgkck lQk 184 185½ Gdheqy mEer rktnkjs xqtjkr eqQfLljs “kghj gtjr vYykek ekSykuk eq¶rh vgen ;kj [kku ubZeh jgerqYykg vySg bj”kkn Qjekrs gSa gtjr vehj eqvkfo;k jfn;Yykgq vUgks [k+kl lqyg gqnSfc;k ds fnu lkr fgtjh esa bLyke yk,] exj eDdk ikyksa ds [k+kSQ ls viuk bLyke Nqik, jgs fQj QRgs eDdk ds fnu ciuk bLyke t+kfgj Qjek;k ftu yksxksa us dgk gSA f dog QRgs eDdk ds fnu bZeku yk, og t+qgwjs
  • 28. bZeku ds fygkt+ ls dgk ] tSls gtjrs vCckl jfn;Yykgq vUgks njs ijnk tsaxs cnz ds fn ugh bZeku yk pqds FksA exj ,gfr;kru viuk bZeku Nqik, jgs vkSj QRgs eDdk esa t+kfgj Qjek;k rks yksaxksa us mUgsa Hkh QRgs eDdk ds eksfeuksa esa “kqekj dj fn;k gkykafd vki d+nheqybLyke FksA gtjrs vehj eqvkfo;k jfn;Yykgq vUgks fugk;r fn;kurnkj l[k+h fl;klrnku d+kfcy gqdejka othg lgkch FksA vki us vgns Qk#d+h o vgns mLekuh esa fugk;r d+kfcfy;r ls gqdejkuh dh ] gtjr mej Qk#d+ o mLekus x+uh jfn;Yykgq vUgqek vki ls fugk;r [k+q”k jgs] gtjrs vehj eqvkfo;k jfn;Yykgq vUgks ufc¸;s djhe lYykgq vySgs olYye ds dkfrcs ogh Hkh vkSj djfrcs [kqrwr Hkh Fks ;kuh tks ukek o I;kek lykrhu oxSjg ls gqtwj ufc¸;s djhe lYykgq vySgs olYye Qjekrs Fks og vehj eqvkfo;g ls fy[kokrs Fks ] gt+jr mej jfn;Yykgq vUgks us vehj eqvkfo;g jfn;Yykgq vUgks dh cgksr ekSd+s ij rkjhQsa QjekbZ gSa tSls fd nfe”d+ dk gkfde eqd+jZj fd;k vkSj ekt+wy u Qjek;k vxj vki FkksM+h lh Hkh yx+ft+”k eqykgst+k Qjekrs rks QkSju ekt+wy Qjeknsrs ]tSls fd ekewyh f”kdk;r ij lvn bCu vch od+kl ;k [k+kfyn fcu oyhn tSlh cqtqxZ gfLr;ksa dks ekt+wy Qjekfn;k A blh rjg gt+jr mLekus x+uh jfn;Yykgq vUgks us vius t+eku, f[k+ykQr esa gqt+jr
  • 29. vehj eqvkfo;k jfn;Yykgq vUgks dks gqdwer ds mgns ij cgky j[kk ;g mu cqtqxZ lgkck dh rjQ ls gtjrs vehj eqvkfo;k jfn;Yykgq vUgks dh bUrsgkbZ vt+er o vekur dk bd+jkj o ,yku gSA bekes glu jfn;Yykgq vUgks us lkr ekg f[kykQr Qjekdj gtjrs vehj eqvkfo;k jfn;Yykgq vUgks ds gd+ esa f[kykQr ls nLrcnZkjh QjekbZ vkSj mudk lkykuk ot+hQk vkSj ut+jkus d+cwy Qjek, ] vxj vehj eqvkfo;k esa ekewyh fQLd+ ¼xqukg½Hkh gksrk rks bekes gqlu jfn;Yykgq vUgks lj ns nsrs exj muds gkFk esa gkFk u nsrs ] ufc¸;s djhe lYykgq vySgs olYye us Hkh ¼x+Sc dh [k+cj nsrs gq,½beke glu hfn;Yykgq vUgks ds bl Qsvy “kjhQ ¼vPNs dke½dh ekjhQ QjekbZ Fkh fd esjk csVk l¸;n gSA vYykg rvkyk bl ds tfj;v eqlyekuksa dh nks cM+h tekvrksa esa lqyg Qjek,xk bekes gqlSu jfn;Yykgq vUgks bl lqyg ds oD+r vkfd+y ckfyx+ le>nkj Fks] exj mUgksa us bl lqyg ij ,rsjkt+ u Qjek;k ] vxj vehj eqvkfo;k jfn;Yykgq vUgks bekes glSu n jfn;Yykgq vUgks dh fuxkg esa dqN ,sc j[krs gksrs rks ;t+hn enZwn dh rjg vki ml oD+r vehj eqvkfo;k jfn;Yykgq vUgks ds eqd+kcys es vktkrs] ekywe gqvk fd fuxkgs bekes gqlSu jfn;Yykgq vUgks es ;t+hn Qkfld+ Qkftj t+kfye oxSjg Fkk] vehj eqvkfo;k jfn;Yykgq vUgks vkfny ld+k eqRrd+h cSvrs vekjr FksA vc fdlh dks
  • 30. D;k gd+ gS fd bu ij t+cku rvu njkt+ djs Agtjr vehj eqvkfo;k jfn;Yykgq vUgks dks ;g “kQZ gkfly gS fd vki us cM+s tyhyqy d+nz lgkck ls vgknhl fjok;r dh tks reke eqgfílhu us d+cwy dha vkSj viuh dqrqc esa fy[kha vkSj cM+s cM+s lgkck fdjke vySfgeqjZtoku us gtjr vehj ls fjok;r yha vkSj vgknhl ud+y dha ] [+;ky jgs fd Qkfld+ dh fjok;r t+bZQ gksrh gSA ;kuh d+kfcys d+cwy ugha gksrh]coD+rs oQkr gt+jr vehj eqvkfo;k jfn;Yykgq vUgq us ofl¸;r QjekbZ fd esjs ikl ufc¸;s djhe lYyYykgq vySfg olYye ds dqN uk[k+qu “kjhQ gSa og cvn x+qLys dQu ds vUnj esjh vka[kksa ij j[k fn, tk,a vkSj dqN cky eqckjd vkSj gqt+wj lYykgq vySfg olYye dk rgcan ] gqtwj dh pknj vkSj d+eht+ “kjhQ gSA eq>s gqt+wj dh d+eht+ esa dQu nsuk] gqt+wj lYyYykgq vySfg olYye dh pknj yisVuk gqt+wj dh pknj yisVuk gqt+wj dk rgcan eq>s cka/k nsuk vkSj esjh ukd dku ox+Sjg ij gqt+wj ds cky “kjhQ j[k nsuk fQj eq>s vjgeqjZkfgehu ds lqiqnZ djnsukA gt+jr vehj eqvkfo;k jfn;Yykgq vugks ds fny esa vYykg dj [kkSQ ]gqt+wj lYyYykgq vySfg olYye dh vt+er ]vgys cSr vRgkj dh eqgCcr deky njtk FkhA vYykg vT+t+ks otYy dh mu ij jger gks vkSj muds lnd+s gekjh ex+fQjr gks vkehu¼gtjr vehj eqvkfo;k jfn;Yykgq vUgks ij ,d ut+j lQk 40] 57½
  • 31. 39 loky%& tks yksx ;t+hn iyhn dh otg ls gtjr vehj eqvkfo;k jfn;Yykgq vUgks dks cqjk dgrs gSa muds ckjs esa myek, bLyke D;k Qjekrs gSa tokc%&eq¶rh vgen ;kj [kku ubZeh jgerqYykg vySfg Qjekrs gSa dgha lkfcr ugha gksrk fd vehj eqvkfo;k jfn;Yykgq vUgks dh g;kr esa ;t+hn Qkfld+ o Qkftj tkurs gq, viuk tku”khu D;k ;t+hn dk fQLd+ o Qqtwj gtjr vehj eqvkfo;k jfn;Yykgq vUgks ¼dh oQkr½ ds ckn tkfgj gqvk vkSj vxj dksbZ ,slh fjok;r fey Hkh tk, ftl ls ekywe gqvk fd vehj eqvkfo;k jfn;Yykgq vUgks us ;t+n ds fQLd+ Qqtwj ls [k+cjnkj gksrs gq, mls viuk [k+yhQk eqd+jZj Qjek;k rks og fjok;r >ksBh gSaA vkSj jkoh f”k¸;k gSA ;k dksbZ nq”keus vLgkc tks fjok;r vehj eqvkfo;k jfn;Yykgq vUgks ;k fdlh lgkch dk fQLd+ lkfcr djs og enZwn gS D;ksafd d+qvkZu ds f[kykQ gSA reke lgkck cgqDes d+jvkuh eqRrd+h gSa cgjgky tc vehj eqvkfo;k jfn;Yykgq vUgks dk oD+rs oQkr d+jhc vk;k rks ;t+hn us iwNk fd vCck tku ! vki ds ckn [k+yhQk dkSu gksxk rks vki us dgk fd [kyhQk rks rw gh cusxk exj tks dqN eSa dgrk gwa mls xkSj ls lqu dksbZ dke bekes gqlSu jfn;Yykgq vUgks ds e”kojg ds cxrks rw gh cusxk exj tks dqN eSa dgrk gwa mls xkSj ls lqu dksbZ dke bekes gqlSu jfn;Yykgq vUgks ds e”kojg ds cx+Sj u djuk
  • 32. ¼;kuh og rsjs ot+hjs vkt+e gSa½mUgsa f[kyk, fcxSj u [kkuk ] mUgsa fiyk, cxSj u ihuk lc ls igys mu ij [kpZ djuk fQj fdlh vkSj ij ] igys bUgsa igukuk fQj [k+qn igUuk ] rq>s bekes gqlSu vkSj muds ?kj okyksa muds dqacs cfYd lkjs fcu gkf”ke ds fy, vPNs lqywd dh ofl¸;r djrk gwaA ,s csVs! f[kykQr esa gekjk gd+ ugha og bekes gqlSu muds okfyn vkSj mu ds vgys cSr dk gSA rks pan jkst+ [k+yhQk jguk fQj tc bekes gqlSu iwjs deky dks igksap tk,a rks fQj ogh [k+yhQk gksaxs ;k ftls og pkgsa rkfd f[kykQr viuh txg igksap tk, ] gel c beke gqlSu vkSj muds ukuk ds x+qyke gSa ] mUgsa ukjkt+ u djuk ojuk rq> ij vYykg o jlwy ukjkt+ gksaxs vkSj fQj rsjh “kQkvr dkSu djsxk cfYd gt+jr vehj eqvkfo;k jfn;Yykgq vUgq us nqvk dh fd ekSyk vxj ;t+hn ml dk vgy u gks rks ml dh lyrur dkfey u Qjek fQj ,slk gh gqvk fd ;t+hn enZwn gt+jr vehj eqvkfo;k ds cvn nks lky dqN ekg ft+Unk jgk vkSj ml dh lyrur ik, rdehy dks u igksap ldh ¼gt+jr vehj vehj eqvkfo;k ij ,d ut+j 60]74]76½ rks ekywe gqvk vehj eqvkfo;k tc rd ft+Unk jgs ;t+hn cM+k usd ijgst+xkj Fkk cvn oQkr okfyn ml us xqukgksa dk ckt+kj xje fd;k t+qYe o flre fd, fygkt+k vehj eqvkfo;k jfn;Yykgq vUgks gjfxt+ gjfx+t+ ewfjns bYt+ke ugh Bsgjk;k tkldrk rks vc tks
  • 33. mu ij t+ckus rvu njkt+ djs ml ds ckjs esa myek Qjekrs gSa og tgUueh gSA og tgUueh dqRrksa es ls ,d dqRrk gSA ¼Qrkok QStqjZlwy fgLlk vOoy lQk 128½ uksV%& gtjr vehj eqvkfo;k jfn;Yykgq vUgks ds ckjs esa e¶lhyh ekywekr gkfly djus ds fy, eq¶rh vgen ;kj [k+ku ubZeh jgerqYykg vySg dh fdrkc *vehj eqvkfo;k ij ,d ut+j * dk eqrkyvk Qjek,aA 40 loky%& cvt+ l¸;n lkgcku Hkh de bYeh oyg ls gtjr vehj eqvkfo;k jfn;Yykgq vUgks dks vPNk ugh le>rs ] mUgsa fdl rjg le>k;k tk, tokc%& myek Qjekrs gSa tks l¸;n lkgcku lqUuh myek ds c;kukr lqUus ds ctk, lqUuh myek dh lksgcr es cSBus ds ctk, f”k¸;k gtjkr ds lkFk mBuk cSBuk ] esy tksy j[krs gSa og gtjr vehj eqvkfo;k jfn;Yykgq vUgks ij t+cku ,rsjkt+ njkt+ djrs gSa ,sls l¸;n lkgcku rd gtjr vehj eqvkfo;k jfn;Yykgq vUgks ds ckjs esa lgh ekywekr igksapkbZ tk, rks vius vkckv o btnkn dh rjg ;g Hkh bU”kkvYykg mu dh rkjhQ o rkSlhQ djsaxs ,d okfd+;k is”ks f[kner gS bl ls Hkh dqN nlZ feysxk A ,d l¸;n lkgcku dk c;ku gS fd eq>s gtjr vyh vy eqrZt+k “ksjs [k+qnk jfn;Yykgq vUgks ls tax djuksa okyksa ls vkSj [kqlwlu gtjr vehj eqvkfo;k jfn;Yykgq vUgks ls cgksr ,rsjkt+ FkkA ,d jkr gtjr eqftín vfyQ lkuh
  • 34. dqRcs jCckuh “kS[k ljgUnh jfn;Yykgq vUgks ds edrwckr “kjhQ dk eqrkyvk dj jgk FkkA nkSjkus eqrkyvk ;g bckjr i<+h ] beke ekfyd jgerqYykg vySg us gt+jr vehj eqvkfo;k jfn;Yykgq vUgks dks cqjk dgus dks gt+jr vcw cdj flíhd+ vkSj gt+jr mej Qk#d+ ¼jfn;Yykgq rvkyk vUgqe½dks cqjk dgus ds cjkcj d+jkj fn;k gSA bl bckjr ls eSa vkt+qnZk gks x;k vkSj eSa us eDrwckr “kjhQ dks t+ehu ij Mky fn;k vkSj lks x;k ] [okc ¼lius½es fd;k ns[kk fd gt+jr eqtfín vfyQ lkuh jgerqYykg vySg cgksr x+qLls dh gkykr es r”jhQ yk, vkSj esjs nksuks dku vius gkFkksa ls idM+ dj Qjek;k ] ,s csod+wQ cPps! rw gekjh rgjhj ij ,rsjkt+ djrk gSA vkSj gekjs dyke dks t+ehu ij Qsadrk gS vxj rq>s gekjh ckr ij ;d+hu ugh gS rks py rq>s gtjr vyh jfn;Yykgq vUgks dh f[k+ner esa ys pyrs gSa A gt+jr eqtfín vfyQ lkuh jgerqYykg vySg eq>s ,d ckx+ esa ys x, ] eSa us ns[kk fd ,sd cqt+jqx ogka ,d bekjr esa r”kjhQ j[krs gSa gt+jr eqtfín vfyQ lkuh jgerqYykg vySg us mu ct+Zqx ds vkxs roktks dh rks mu cqtjqx us cgksr [kq”kh dk bt+gkj Qjek;kA gt+jr eqtfín vfyQ lkuh jgerqYykg vySg us esjh ckr mu cqtjqx dks crkbZ fQj eq> ls Qjek;k fd ;g gtjr vyh jfn;Yykgq vUgks gSa lquks vki D;k Qjekrs gSa eaSus lyke vtZ fd;k gt+jr vyh “ksjs [kqnk jfn;YYkkgq vUgks us
  • 35. Qjek;k^ [kcjnkj gtkjkgk [kcjnkj! dHkh Hkh gqtwj lYYkYYkkgks vySgh o lYYke ds lgkck ls vius fny es cqX+t uk j[kuk vkSj mudh ,sctksbZ uk djuk D;ksafd ge tkurs gaS vkSj gekjs HkkbZ ¼lgkc, fdjke½ Hkh tkurs gS dh ge yksx fdl ckr dsk gd le> dj ,frjkt+ dj jgs Fks fQj gtjr etfín vfyQ lkuh jgerqYYkkg vySg dh rjQ b”kkjk dj ds Qjek;k dh budh ckr dsk gj d+her ij rlyhe djuk ¼[kt+hu, djkekrs vkSfy;k lQk 301]302½ 41 loky%& tks ;s dgs dh gtjr vyh jfnvYYkkgqvugks ds cjkcj fdlh lgkch dk ejrck ugh] gtjrs vyh jfnvYYkkgqvugks lc lgkck jfnvYYkkgqvugqe ls vQt+y gS] mlds ckjs esa “kjhvr dk D;k QSlyk gS tokc%& vkyk gtjr beke vgen jtk [kku jgerqYYkkg vYkSg Qjekrs gS tks ;s vd+hnk j[ks oks vgys lqUUkr ls [kkjht+ vkSj ,d xqejkg fQjd+s rQt+hfy;k es nkf[ky gS ftudk vbEe,nhu us jkfQft+;ks ¼f”k;ksa ½ dk NksVk HkkbZ dgk gSA eqlfUUkQ cgkjs “kfj;r [kyhQ, vkyk gtjr Qjekrs gS ckns vfEc;k ok eqjlyhu reke e[yqdkrs bykgh bULk o ftUUk o eyd ls vQt+y flíhds vdcj gaS fQj mej Qk:d fQj mLekus xuh fQj EkkSyk vyh ¼jfnvYYkkgq vugqe½ tks l[l ekSyk vyh dks flíhd ;k Qk:d ;k mLekus xuh ls vQty crk;s oks xqejkg cnet+gc gS ¼cgkjs lfj;r lQk 124]125½
  • 36. ejdtqy vkSfy;k ykgkSj ds rktnkj nkrkxat c[“k vyh gqtosjh jgerqYYkkg vYkSg viuh e”kgwj o ek:Q fdrkc d”kQqy egtwc es bj”kkn Qjekrs gSa l¸;n flíhds vdcj jfnvYYkk vugq dk :rck vfEc;k vYkSfgeqqLLkyke ds ckn lkjh e[kywd+ ls vQt+y o eqd+íe gS ¼d”kQqy egtqc lQk 116½ roTTkksg Qjek, tks reke lgkck, fdjke dks [kSj ;kuh HkykbZZ ls ;kn djrk gks [kqyQk, vjck dh beker cjgd tkurk gks flQZ ekSyk vyh dks gtjkr “kS[ksu ;kuh vcqcdj flíhd vkSj gtjr mej Qk:d+s vkte ls vQ+t+y ekurk gks rks ,slk l[l cnetgc t:j gS ysfdu dkfQj ugh ¼Qrkog jtfo;k “kjhQ ftYn 11 lQk 346½ 42 loky%& tks gtjr vyh “ksjs [kqnk dks fdlh uch ls vQty ;k cjkcj dgs mlds ckjs es “kjbZ gqDe D;k gS tokc%& vkyk gtjr Qjekrs gS tks fdlh xSj uch dks fdlh uch ls vQt+y crk,s oks dkfQj gS ¼Qrkog jtfo;k “kjhQ ftYn 11 lQk245½ vcw lkysg eq¶rh eqgEen d+kfle lkgc d+knjh vRrkjh en n ft+Yygq Qjekrs gSa tks ¼fdlh Hkh½xSjs uch dks uch ls v¶t+y ;k ml ds cjkcj ekus og dkfQj gSA fygktk gtjr vyh dks ufc¸;ksa ls vQt+y ekus ;k cjkcj ukuus okyk dkfQj gSA ¼fdrkc bZeku dh fgQkt+r lQk 56]57½
  • 37. 43 loky%&tks ;g vdhng j[ks d+qjvku ftl rjg ukft+y gqvk Fkk vky oSlk ugh gS bl esa deh cs”kh rCnhyh gks oqdh gS vkyk gtjr jfn;Yykgq vUgq Qjekrs gSa tks dqjvkus vt+he ds ,d y¶t+ ,d gQZ ,d uqd+rs dh fuLcr xqeku djs fd evkt+Yykg lgkc, fdjke ;k vgys lqUur us ?kVk ;k c<+k fn;k cny fn;k og d+rvu dkfQj gSA ¼ek[k+qt+ vt+ Qrkok jtfo;k “kjhQ ftYn11 lQk 691½ eq¶rh d+kfle d+knjh cjdkrh nker vjdkrgqeqy vkfy;k fdrkc bZeku dh fgQkt+r esa rgjhj Qjekrs gSaA vxj dksbZ ;g nkok djs fd tks d+qjvkus ikd ufc¸;s djhe lYyYykgq vySfg olYye ij ukft+y fd;k x;k gS og gt+jr vyh jft;Yykgq vUgks vkSj mu dh vkSykn gksus okys bekeksa ds ikl egQwt+ gS vkSj ;g d+qjvku tks gekjs ikl gS rgjhQ “kqng gS ftl dks vud+jhc beke eqUrft+j vk dj tyk nsxk rks og dkfQj gSA d+qjvkus ethn esa tks ,d y¶t+] ,d gQZ vkSj ,d uqD+rs dh deh cs”kh dk d+k,y gS ;d+huu og dkfQj o eqrZn gSA ¼bZeku dh fgQkt+r l 73 74½ eq¶rh vetn vyh Qjekrs gSa tks “k[l d+qjku ethn dks ukfd+l dgs og dkfQj gSA 44 loky%&myek, bLyke us vk”kwjk ¼eqgjZe dh nLoh jkr½dh fd;k [kqlwfl;r c;ku QjekbZ gS
  • 38. tokc%&”kS[ks rjhd+r vehjs cgys lqUur gtjr vYykek ekSykuk by;kl vRrkj d+knjh nker cjdkrgqeqy vkfy;k ^^;k “kghnq djcyk gks nwj gj jat o cyk ^^ds iphl g#Q dh fuLcr ls vk”kwjk dh iphl [kqlwfl;r c;ku QjekbZ gSA ¼1½10 eqgjZeqy gjke vk”kqjk ds jkst+k gt+jr l¸;nuk vkne vySfgeqLlyke dh rkSck d+cwy gqbZ ¼2½mlh fnu mUgsa iSnk fd;k x;k ¼3½mlh fnu mUgsa tUur esa nkf[k+y fd;k x;k ¼4½mlh fnu v”kZ ¼5½dqlhZ ¼6½vkLeku ¼7½t+ehu ¼8½lqjt ¼9½pkan ¼10½flrkjs vkSj ¼11½tUur iSnk fd, x, ¼12½mlh fnu gtjr l¸;nuk bczkghe [kyhyqYykg vySfgeqLlykrq oLlyke iSnk gq, ¼13½mlh fnu mUgsa vkx ls futkr feyh ¼14½mlh fnu ewlk vySfgLlyke vkSj vki dh mEer dks futkr feyh vkSj fQjvkSu viuh d+kSe lesr x+d+Z gqvk¼15½mlh fnu gtjr bZlk vySfgLlyke iSnk fd, x, ¼16½mlh fnu mUgsa vkLekuksa dh rjQ mBk;k x;k ¼17½mlh fnu uwg vySfgLlyke dh d”rh dwgs twnh igkM+ ij Bsgjh ¼18½mlh fnu lqyseku vySfgLlyke dks eqYds vt+he vrk fd;k x;k ¼19½mlh fnu gtjr l¸;nuk vySfgeqLlyke eNyh ds isV ls fudkys x, ¼20½mlh fnu gt+jr l¸;nuk ;kd+wc vySfgeqLlykrks oLlyke dh chukbZ dk det+ksjh nwj gksxbZ ¼21½ml fnu gt+jr l¸;nuk ;wlqQ vySfgeqLlykrks oLlyke xgjs dqa, ls fudkys x,
  • 39. ¼22½mlh fnu gtjr v¸;wc vySfgeqLlykrks oLlyke dh rdyhQ jQv dh xbZ ¼23½vkLeku ls t+ehu ij lc ls igyh ckfj”k blh fnu ukft+y gqbZ vkSj ¼24½mlh fnu dk jkst+k mEerksa esa e”kgwj Fkk ;gka rd fd ;g Hkh dgk x;k fd ml fnu dk jkst+k ekgs jet+kuqy eqckjd ls igys Qt+Z Fkk fQj eUlw[k+ dj fn;k x;k ¼eqdkf”kQkrqy d+qywc lQk 311½¼25½bekeqy geke bekes vkyh eqd+ke bekes v”kZ eqd+ke bekes fr”u, dke l¸;nuk bekes gqlSu jfn;Yykgq vUgks dks cev “kgt+knxku o jqQd+kv rhu fnu Hkwdk j[kus ds ckn mlh vk”kwjk ds jkst+ n”rs djcyk esa bUrsgkbZ l¶Qkdh ds lkFk “kghn fd;k x;k ¼QStkus jet+ku lQk 509] 510½ 45 loky%& eqgjZeqy gjke “kjhQ vkSj vk”kwjk ds jkst+ksa ds Qt+k,y fd;k gSaA tokc%&gtjr l¸;nuk vcw gqjSjk jfn;Yykgq vUgq ls fjok;r gS gqt+wj lYykgq vySfg olYye b”kZkn Qjekrs gSa jet+ku ds ckn eqgjZe dk jkst+k vQt+y gS vkSj Qt+Z ds ckn uekt+ lykrqYySy ¼;kuh jkr ds uokfQy½gS ¼lgh efLye lQk 891 gnhl1163½ vYYkkg ds gchc lYYkYykgq vySfg olYye dk Qjekus jgers fu”kku gS eqgjZe ds gj fnu dk jkst+k ,d eghuks ds jkst+ksa ds cjkcj gS ¼frczkuh fQLlx+hj ftYn 2 lQk 87 gnhl 1580½
  • 40. gtjr l¸;nuk vCnqYykg bCus vCckl jfn;Yykgq vUgks dk bj”kkns fxjkeh gSA jlwyqYykfg lYyYykgq vySfg olYye tc enhuk “kjhQ esa r”kjhQ yk, rks ;gwn dks vk”kwjk ds fnu jkst+knkj ik;k rks bj”kkn Qjek;k ;g fd;k fnu gS fd rqe jkst+k j[krs gks vt+Z dh ;g vt+er okyk fnu gS f dbl esa ewlk vySfgLlykrq oLlyke vkSj mu dh d+kSe dks vYykg rvkyk us futkr nh vkSj fQjvkSu vkSj ml dh d+kSe dks Mqcks fn;k ] fygkt+k ewlk vySfgLlykrq oLlyke us crkSj “kqdjkuk bl fnu dk jkst+k j[k rks ge Hkh jkst+k j[krs gSa bj”kkn Qjek;k ewlk vySfgeqLlykrq oLlyke dh eqokfQdr djus esa c fuLcr rqEgkjs ge fT;knk gd+nkj vkSj fT+;knk d+jhc gSaA rks ljdkjs enhuk lYyYykgq vySfg olYye us [k+qn Hkh jkst+k j[k vkSj ml dk gqDe Hkh Qjek;k gqt+wj lYyYykgq vySfg olYye us bj”kkn Qjek;k ;kSes vk”kwjk dk jkst+k j[kks vkSj bl eswa ;gwfn;ksa dh eq[kkfyQr djks ] bl ls igys ;k cvn es Hkh ,d fnu dk jkst+k j[kks ¼eLun beke vgen ftYn 1 lQk 518] gnhl2154½ vk”kwjk dk jkst+k tc Hkh j[ksa rks lkFk gh uoha ;k X;kjgoha egjZeqygjke dk jkst+k Hkh j[k ysuk cgrj gSA
  • 41. gtjr l¸;nuk vcw d+rknk jfn;Yykgq vUgks fd gqt+wj lYyYykgq vySfg olYye Qjekrs gSa eq>s vYykg ij xqeku gS fd vk”kwjk dk jkst+k ,d lky d+Cy ds xqukg feVknsrk gS ¼lgh eqfLye lQk 590 gnhl1162½ 46 loky %& vk”kwjk ds jkst+ et+hn fd;k fd;k djuk pkfg, tokc%& efQLljs “kghj gdheqy mEer rktnkjs xqtjkr gtjr vYykek ekSykuk eq¶rh vgen ;kj [kku ubZeh jgerqYykg vySfg Qjekrs gSa $ cky cPpksa ds fy, nLoha eqgjZe dks [kwc vPNs vPNs [kkus idk, rks bU”kkvYykg vT+t+ks otYy lky Hkj rd ?kj esa cjdr jgsxh A $ 10 eqgjZeqy gjke dks xqLy djs rks reke bU”kkvYykg vT+t+ks otYy chekfj;ksa ls veu es jgsxk fD;ksafd bl fnu vkcs t+et+e reke ikfu;ksa es igksprk gSA ¼r¶lhj #gqy c;ku lQk ftYbn 4 lQk 142 bLykeh ft+Unxh lQk 93½ Gqt+wj lYyYykgq vySfg olYye us bj”kkn Qjek;k tks “k[l ;kSes vk”kwjk bLen lqeZk vka[kksa esa yxk, rks ml dh vka[ksa dHkh Hkh u nq[ksaxh ¼”kvcqy bZeku ftYn 3 lQk 367 gnhl 3767½ 47 loky%& vk”kwjk dh jkr u¶y uekt+sa i<+us dh Qt+hyr vkSj rjhd+k D;k gSA
  • 42. tokc%&vk”kwjk dh jkr essa pkj jdkr uekt+ u¶y bl rjdhc ls i<+s fd gj jdkr esa vYgEnq ds ckn vk;ry dqlhZ ,d ckj vkSj lwjg b[ykl ¼d+qy gqvYykgq vgn½rhu rhu ckj i<+s vkSj uekt+ ls Qkfjx+ gks dj ,d lkS erZck d+qy gqvYykgq vgn dh lwjr i<+s xqukgksa ls ikd gksxk vkSj cfg”r esa cs bUrsgk usversa feysaxh ¼bU”kkvYykg½¼tUurh t+soj r[k+jht “kqnk lQk 157½ 48 loky%&vk”kwjk ds jkst+ lnd+k o [k+Sjkr djus D;k lokc gSa tokc %& l¸;nuk beke eqgEen x+t+kyh jfn;Yykgq vUgks bj”kkn Qjekrs gSa frczkuh dh fjok;r gSA ml fnu ,d fnjge dk lnd+k djuk lkr yk[k+ fnjge ds lnd+k ls vQt+y gSA 49 loky %& nl eqgjZe dks nqvk, vk”kwjk i<+us dh D;k Qt+hyr gS uht+ nqvk, vk”kwjk vkSj ml dks i<+us dk rjhd+k Hkh crk,sa