African Folklore
Board of Editorial Consultants
Dan Ben-Amos
University of Pennsylvania
† Daniel Crowley
† Gerald Davis
Ruth Finnegan
The O...
African Folklore
An Encyclopedia
Philip M.Peek and Kwesi Yankah, Editors
Routledge
New York London
Editorial Staff
Development Editor: Kristen Holt
Production Editor: Jeanne Shu
Editorial Assistant: Mary Funchion
Publishe...
To Our Teachers:
William Bascom, Richard Bauman, Alan Dundes, Henry Glassie, John McDowell, Alan
Merriam, John C.Messenger...
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction viii
List of Contributors xix
List of Entries xxxiii
Maps xliii
Entries A to Z
1
Appendix :...
INTRODUCTION
The Continent of Africa
Most Africanists, and most Africans, consider the continent of Africa and its peoples...
The Study of African Folklore
For these reasons, we welcome the opportunity to present material that spans the whole
Afric...
limited to ancient myths and animal tales. These genres are significant, but their
continued appearance in collections far...
We cannot enter that debate fully here, but we do wish to observe that there have been
attempts, though few, to at least p...
“In the beginning was the Word…”
The importance of human speech in African cultures cannot be overemphasized. This
primacy...
recognized. Some of our African American entries are cited under “Diaspora,” while
others are listed by genre, such as mus...
contemporary Africanists and African Americanists continue to “cross-over” from Africa
to the Americas, and vice versa, to...
• Accompanying maps highlighting major ethnic groups.
• Brief surveys of African countries providing basic statistics, his...
We give special thanks to our Advisory Board members Dan Ben-Amos, Daniel
Crowley, Gerald Davis, Ruth Finnegan, Rachel Fre...
Yankah, Kwesi 1995. Speaking for the Chief: Okyeame and the Politics of Akan Royal Oratory.
Bloomington: Indiana Universit...
LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS
David Adu-Amankwah
Department of Folklore and Ethnomusicology
Indiana University
Kofi Agawu
Departmen...
Mary Jo Arnold!
Department of Anthropology, National Museum of Natural History
Smithsonian Institution
Lisa Aronson
Depart...
University of Delaware
David A.Brinkley
National Museum of African Art
Smithsonian Institution
Ulrich Braukämper
Institute...
Department of Visual Arts
University of Dayton
S.Terry Childs
Archaeology and Cultural Resources
National Park Service
Cat...
Department of Pan-African Studies
University of Louisville
Christiano Henrique Ribeiro dos Santos
Universidade do Estado d...
Barbara Frank
Department of Art
State University of New York at Stony Brook
Marion Frank-Wilson
Librarian for African Stud...
School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS)
University of London
Lee Haring
Department of English (Emeritus)
Brooklyn Co...
E.Kezilahabi
Department of African Languages and Literature
University of Botswana
Doreen Helen Klassen
Department of Soci...
Daniel Mato
Department of Art History
University of Calgary
Joseph L.Mbele
Department of English
St. Olaf College
Michael ...
University of London
Isak Niehaus
Department of Anthropology and Archaeology
University of Pretoria (South Africa)
Imeyan ...
University of Washington
Oyekan Owomoyela
Department of English
University of Nebraska
B.Okíntúndé Oyàtádé
School of Orien...
Fowler Museum
University of California, Los Angeles
Hagar Salamon
Department of Jewish and Comparative Folklore
The Hebrew...
State University of New York at Buffalo
Bradford Strickland
Postdoctoral fellow
American Association for the Advancement o...
Department of Art and Art History
University of Missouri-Kansas City
Michael Wainaina
Literature Department
Kenyatta Unive...
LIST OF ENTRIES
Algeria
Ancestors
Angola (Republic of Angola)
Animals in African Folklore
Arabic Folk Literature of North ...
Caribbean Verbal Arts
Carnivals and African American Cultures
Cartoons
Central African Folklore: Overview
Central African ...
Djibouti (Republic of Djibouti)
Dolls and Toys
Drama: Anang Ibibio Traditional Drama
Draughts (Jeu de Danes; Checkers)
Dre...
Gossip and Rumor
Gourds: Their Uses and Decorations
Government Policies Toward Folklore
Greetings: a Case Study from the K...
Legends: East Africa
Lesotho (Kingdom of Lesotho)
Libation
Liberia (Republic of Liberia)
Libraries
Libya
Linguistics and A...
Music: Musical Innovation in African Independent Churches
Music: Popular Dance Music in Congo (Zaire)
Music: Soukouss
Musi...
The Oxford Library of African Literature
Oyo Tunji: a Yoruba Community in The USA
Palaver (Kinzonzi) in Kongo Life
Perform...
Riddles
Riddles: Sesotho Riddles
Ritual Performance
Rwanda (Republic of Rwanda)
Rwanda: Tales of Genocide
Sahir (Evil Mout...
Surrogate Languages: Alternative Communication
Swaziland (Kingdom of Swaziland)
Tanzania (United Republic of Tanzania)
Tex...
Western Sahara
Witchcraft, Magic, and Sorcery
Women’s Expressive Culture in Africa
Women’s Folklore: Eritrea
Women’s Folkl...
Africa
North Africa
West Africa
Northeast Africa: The Horn
East Africa and Madagascar
Southern Africa
Central Africa
A
AFRICAN AMERICANS
See Diaspora
AKAN/ASHANTI
See Beadwork; Chief; Color Symbolism: The Akan of Ghana; Concert Parties;
Ge...
recognized, although Arabic continues as the general language, and French is used in
business and government. The current ...
Ancestors form the spiritual segment of their families and are the most intimate
spiritual link between their living desce...
of political authority is also vested in the ancestors. In most West African communities
those who hold political authorit...
Ephirim-Donkor, Anthony. 1997. African Spirituality. On Becoming Ancestors. Trenton, N.J.:
African World Press.
Fashole-Lu...
problem is the thousands of remaining landmines, preventing the return to normal life and
to the farming of the country’s ...
put it. According to the famous Dogon sage Ogotemmeli (Griaule 1970), Nommo had
unarticulated serpentine members, undiffer...
communication, with an added message that often the least important soul has the best
ideas.
Proverbs and Praises
Animals ...
beast, just “Animal!” The message is that you, fool that you are, are not even human, and
thus hardly worth contempt.
Refe...
Variation
Contrary to what is usually assumed, Arabic folk literature (folk tales, epics, proverbs,
songs (about women, ch...
archaisms, clichés and, on the contrary, of creative innovations. In short, folk literature
uses language metalinguistical...
An accurate linguistic typology would have to take into account the different literary
“dialects” (and their complex inter...
With syntax, classical nominal desinential inflexion (declension) is normally absent,
and occurs only in classicisms or ps...
ARCHITECTURE
Traditional African architecture is frequently described as nothing more than an
assortment of small mud huts...
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Encyclopedia of african folklore
Encyclopedia of african folklore
Encyclopedia of african folklore
Encyclopedia of african folklore
Encyclopedia of african folklore
Encyclopedia of african folklore
Encyclopedia of african folklore
Encyclopedia of african folklore
Encyclopedia of african folklore
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Encyclopedia of african folklore
Encyclopedia of african folklore
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Encyclopedia of african folklore
Encyclopedia of african folklore
Encyclopedia of african folklore
Encyclopedia of african folklore
Encyclopedia of african folklore
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Encyclopedia of african folklore
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