We will describe healthy and unhealthy habits and activities out loud and in writing.<br />We will compare what we ‘used to do’ with what we do now.<br />We will make inferences about why someone stopped doing certain habits or activities.<br />We will listen for and practice saying the /s/ and /z/ sounds.<br />We will ask and answer questions using the verb “use to / used to”.<br />We will give advice about how to make healthy choices using the modal verbs should and could.<br />Today’s objectives:<br />
Warm Up: Mario Before…and Mario After<br />These pictures both show Mario and his dog. <br /> What changes has Mario made in his life?<br />Talk with a partner about what you see in each picture. <br />Work with a partner to write down what you see.<br />Talk with a partner to compare what Mario used to do with what he does now. Why do you think he changed?<br />With your partner, write down 3 sentences:<br /> Mario used to____________, but now he____________ because______________________________________.<br />Photo from: Adelson-Goldstein & Stantamaria, Step Forward 3 2007, p.106)<br />“I see…”<br />“Mario used to…”<br />
Let’s Listen to “Mario’s Story”<br />While we listen, check the list you made of things Mario did ‘Before’ and ‘After’.<br />Does your list match with what we hear?<br />Put a √ by the items on your list that you also hear in “Mario’s Story”.<br />After listening, make an inference:<br />Talk with your partner about what you think Mario might do next and why you think he will do it.<br />Then, write down 3 sentences telling what Mario might do next and why he will do it. <br /> Next, Mario will…because…<br /> Then, he will…because…<br /> After that, he will…because…<br />“Next, Mario will…because…”<br />
Now, you and your partner will use your inferences to act out a conversation between Mario and one of his friends.<br />Choose: <br />Who will play the part of Mario?<br />Who will play the part of Mario’s friend?<br />Mario will tell…<br />What he used to do<br />What he does now<br />What he will do in the next couple months<br />Mario’s friend will… <br />Ask Mario what he used to do<br />Ask Mario why he changed his habits<br />Tell a story about what you used to do, what you do now, and why you changed your habits.<br />Follow up: Act it out! <br />
Sample Script – Conversation between Mario and his friend<br />Where: a coffee shop<br />Who: Mario and his friend, Yumiko<br />
“What letter(s) make the /s/ sound? <br />Could there be more than one? <br />What letter(s) make the /z/ sound? <br />Could there be more than one?”<br />Did you notice that you use your voice when you make the /z/ sound?<br />Put two fingers on your throat and say zzzzzz --- Voiced Sound<br />Put two fingers on your throat and say ssssss --- Unvoiced Sound<br />Do you notice the difference?<br />Pre-Listening: /s/ and /z/ sounds<br />
Let’s make a list of words that have the /s/ or/z/ sound.<br />Examples: snake /s/, zebra /z/<br />Talk with a partner to brainstorm a list for each sound.<br />We will share together in a few minutes and will make lists on the board will all of our ideas.<br />Words with /s/ and /z/<br />
Ready to listen?<br />Do you have your listening guide?<br />Do you have your index card?<br />Did you write S on one side and Z on the other?<br />Example: Do you hear /s/ or /z/?<br />I used to eat too much candy when I was younger.<br />Now I use healthy foods for my snacks instead of candy.<br />Directions:<br />Listen to the recording.<br />Follow along with recording by reading the sentences at the top of the listening guide.<br />For each sentence, decide if the form of the word “use” has an ‘s’ that sounds like /s/ or /z/. <br /><ul><li>If you decide you hear the /s/ sound, hold up the ‘S’ card.
If you decide you hear the /z/ sound, hold up the ‘Z’.
Then, put a √ in the /s/ or /z/ box on your handout, or both, to show which sound the ‘s’ makes in the word “use”</li></li></ul><li>Let’s Listen!<br />Sentences adapted from <br />Adelson-Goldstein & Stantamaria , Step Forward 3, 2007, p.110)<br />
After listening…<br />Work by yourself to complete the following 2 sentences:<br />Sample conversation – Past habits and activities:<br />Partner A: Did you use to exercise every day?<br />Partner B: No, I used to make unhealthy choices. How about you? Did you use to exercise every day?<br />Partner A: Yes, I used to exercise every day before I go my new job. Now I am too busy to exercise every day. Did you use to use a lot of fruits and vegetables in your meals?<br />Partner B: No, I used to use foods with a lot of calories and unhealthy ingredients. How about you? Did you use to use a lot of fruits and vegetables in your meals?<br />Partner A: Yes, I used to use a lot of fruits and vegetables, but now I eat a lot of fast food. I need to make some changes in my life!<br />
Write a conversation, then practice reading it with your partner!<br />“Yes, I used to…”<br />“Did you use to…?”<br />Write about your past habits and activities!<br />You and your partner will perform your conversation for the teacher when you <br />are finished – be sure to practice your pronunciation of “use to”, “used to” and “use”!<br />
Work with your partner to brainstorm a list of verbs that go with health or exercise.<br />Examples: bikes, walks, runs, plays, lifts weights, etc.<br />Then, work together to put each verb in a category based on the sound of the ‘s’:<br />If you finish early…<br />
“How about biking, running, walking, swimming…”<br />Word Splash!<br />We will work together in our table groups to brainstorm as many words as we can that are connected to one of these topics: <br /><ul><li>exercise
unhealthy habits</li></ul>Pick a stick at your table to see what your role will be: recorder, facilitator, time keeper, or researcher.<br />Your table group will have three minutes to write down all of the words you can think of that go with your topic. <br />Then we will pass the paper on to the next table and you will have a new topic to brainstorm about. <br />Let’s try one together:<br />Exercise<br />biking<br />walking<br />swimming<br />running<br />
Think back to the last time you were at the doctor’s office.<br />Imagine the doctor looked at you and said, <br />You will work with your table to brainstorm: <br />What unhealthy choices could this person be making?<br />What are some solutions this person could try to become healthier?<br />Bad News from the Doctor<br />“I am very worried about your health. You need to start making healthy choices right away!”<br />
Giving Advice<br />When we give advice to someone, we are giving them a helpful idea.<br />Example: <br />If you want to do well in school, you should study.<br />If you want to do better in school, you could stay after class to ask the teacher about something you didn’t understand. <br />Let’s brainstorm a list of sentences using should or could.<br />Who usually gives us advice?<br />We are now expertsabout making healthy choices!<br />The words should and could are two examples of modal verbs. They help us give suggestions or recommendations to other people. <br /><ul><li> We use should when we strongly suggest something.
We use could when we are making a more polite recommendation, or giving a possible option or idea.</li></li></ul><li>Sharing our advice with the world!<br />We will now record our advice to create a class podcast on making healthy choices.<br />In your small groups, choose:<br />One unhealthy habit or activity from your “Bad News from the Doctor” handout.<br />Two healthy solutions to your unhealthy habit from your handout.<br />Someone will explain why this is a healthy solution and how it will help the person.<br />Each group member will read one part.<br />Here is an example of how we will share our advice:<br /><ul><li>Partner A: I used to eat healthy, but now I only eat fast food. I am so busy!
Partner B: You should cook a few meals at home – there are many fast and easy meals that are healthy!
Partner C: Or you could cook lots of healthy food on the weekends so you have enough for your lunch during the week.
Partner D: Eating healthy foods gives your body the vitamins it needs to give you energy and keep you healthy.</li>