Learning Cornish in Arizona                              Drew Wills                      Welsh League of Arizona          ...
Prag y Tyskav Kernewek?• Lifetime interest in ancient languages• Always wanted to learn a Celtic language in  particular• ...
An Vro Ow Thasow Vy
Kernow• SW tip of Great Britain• One of the 6 Celtic Nations• Beautiful beaches• “Mildest, sunniest climate in the UK”
Tavas Kernewek• Closely related to both Welsh & Breton  “P-Celtic”• Once the dominant form of communication in  the region...
Oft-Quoted, Oft-disputed Claims• Chesten Marchant: last monoglot speaker(?),  d. 1676 Gwithian• Dorothy Pentreath: last na...
William Bodinars letter (1776)[Ow] bloedh vy [yw] tri ugens ha pymp.Yth esov vy den boghosek an puskes.My a wrug dyski Ker...
Cornish Revival• 1904: Henry Jenner, Handbook of the  Cornish Language• “There has never been a time when there has  been ...
Language Features• Initial consonant mutation• Inflected prepositions• Long & short forms of bos (to be)• 3rd-person singu...
Lytherennansow• Unified Cornish [UC]: early 1900s, based on  Middle Cornish (14th & 15th cent.)• Modern Cornish [MC]: 1980...
Lytherennansow• Unified Cornish Revised [UCR]: 1995, a re-boot  of UC with more regular spellings-Independent Cornish Lang...
LavarowDydh da HelloMyttin da Good morningDha weles See you (1 person)Agas gweles See you (more than 1 person)Mar pleg Ple...
HenhwhedhelAn Hond Len
Govynnow?  Drew Wills  wills.drew@gmail.com
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Learning Cornish in Arizona

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Learning Cornish in Arizona

  1. 1. Learning Cornish in Arizona Drew Wills Welsh League of Arizona Irish Cultural Center, May 7th, 2011
  2. 2. Prag y Tyskav Kernewek?• Lifetime interest in ancient languages• Always wanted to learn a Celtic language in particular• Appreciate the (considerable) challenge• Family connection
  3. 3. An Vro Ow Thasow Vy
  4. 4. Kernow• SW tip of Great Britain• One of the 6 Celtic Nations• Beautiful beaches• “Mildest, sunniest climate in the UK”
  5. 5. Tavas Kernewek• Closely related to both Welsh & Breton “P-Celtic”• Once the dominant form of communication in the region• Gradually gave way to English between 1300 & 1750• Once considered extinct
  6. 6. Oft-Quoted, Oft-disputed Claims• Chesten Marchant: last monoglot speaker(?), d. 1676 Gwithian• Dorothy Pentreath: last native speaker, d. 1777 Mousehole• William Bodinar: learned as a boy, d. 1794• John Davey: last person taught by a native speaker, d. 1891 Zennor
  7. 7. William Bodinars letter (1776)[Ow] bloedh vy [yw] tri ugens ha pymp.Yth esov vy den boghosek an puskes.My a wrug dyski Kernewek [yn] termyn [ha] my a veu maw.My a veu dhen mor gans [ow] sira vy ha pymp den moy yn kok.My a wrug skantlowr klywes unn ger Sowsnek yn kok rag seythunwarbarth.Ny wruga vy bythkweyth gweles lyver Kernewek.My a wrug dyski Kernewek ow mos dhen mor gans tus koth.Nyns eus moy es peswar po pymp yn trev ni a yll klappya Kerneweklemmyn,pobel goth peswar ugens bloedh.Kernewek yw oll ankevys gans pobel yowynk.
  8. 8. Cornish Revival• 1904: Henry Jenner, Handbook of the Cornish Language• “There has never been a time when there has been no person in Cornwall without a knowledge of the Cornish language.”• “Today more people speak Cornish that at any time in the last 250 years.”
  9. 9. Language Features• Initial consonant mutation• Inflected prepositions• Long & short forms of bos (to be)• 3rd-person singular verb form for all subjects in simple, affirmative sentences• No word for “yes” or “no”
  10. 10. Lytherennansow• Unified Cornish [UC]: early 1900s, based on Middle Cornish (14th & 15th cent.)• Modern Cornish [MC]: 1980s, based on latest written examples (17th & 18th cent.)• Kernewek Kemmyn [KK]: 1986, Middle Cornish base, but with phonetic spelling; adopted by Kesva an Tavas Kernewek as their preferred system
  11. 11. Lytherennansow• Unified Cornish Revised [UCR]: 1995, a re-boot of UC with more regular spellings-Independent Cornish Lang. Commission (2007)-• Kernowek Standard [KS]: based on traditional orthographic forms, phonetic spelling• Standard Written Form [SWF]: Ratified May, 2008, by all represented parties as a standard for public life
  12. 12. LavarowDydh da HelloMyttin da Good morningDha weles See you (1 person)Agas gweles See you (more than 1 person)Mar pleg PleaseMeur ras Thank youPenn bloodh lowen! Happy birth day!Chons da! Good luck!
  13. 13. HenhwhedhelAn Hond Len
  14. 14. Govynnow? Drew Wills wills.drew@gmail.com
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