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Assistive Technology Presentation

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  • 1. Special Needs Students and Assistive Technology
  • 2. OverviewWhat are Students with Special Needs?
    "Special Needs“ defined can mean a mirror of things such as: children with mild learning disabilities or those who are mentally challenged; allergies to foods or terminal illness; developmental delays; panic attacks or psychiatric issues. Being diagnosed as a “special needs” child can be helpful in getting the needed attention and services in order to obtain designated goals
    Families with “special needs” children can be affected in different ways. Some families will see it as tragic, while others will see it as a positive challenge and discover strengths along the way
    No two families will have the same concerns when dealing with developmental delays, behavioral issues or learning disabilities
    http://specialchildren.about.com/od/gettingadiagnosis/p/whatare.htm
  • 3. OverviewWhat are Students with Special Needs?
    When we say “developmental delays” we mean children who have been diagnosed with autism, Down syndrome and mental retardation. These delays are severe and it is extremely difficult to care for and educate these children
    When we say “behavior issues” we mean children who have been diagnosed with ADHD and Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder. These children have discipline issues, and require special techniques that are geared to their abilities and disabilities
    When we say “learning disabilities” we mean children who have been diagnosed with dyslexia and Central Auditory Processing Disorder. These children have problems with their schoolwork regardless of their intellectual abilities, and require special learning techniques that are geared towards the avoidance of self-esteem issues and those techniques that meet their potential
    http://specialchildren.about.com/od/gettingadiagnosis/p/whatare.htm
  • 4. OverviewWhat Governs Individuals with Disabilities?
    The Disabilities Education Act of 2004
    The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) is a federal law that mandates how state and public entities give educational assistance to students with disabilities
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Individuals_with_Disabilities_Education_Act
  • 5. OverviewIndividualized Education Plans and Evaluating Students
    What's an Individualized Education Plan (IEP)?
    Students with developmental delays and other disabilities may qualify for special assistance that provide individualized education programs (IEP) in public schools, at no charge to the family
    Parents and educators work together to formulate a plan that will enable the student to reach his or her educational goals
    Students who have difficulty learning or integrating socially into the mainstream classroom may qualify for an individualized education plan
    http://kidshealth.org/parent/positive/learning/iep.html#
  • 6. OverviewIndividualized Education Plans and Evaluating Students
    Some causes may be: ADHD and auditory disability
    IEP’s can be utilized in a traditional classroom setting or in a special classroom environment
    Generally the evaluation process begins when someone such as a parent, teacher or medical personnel have some sort of contact with the student that raises a concern
    http://kidshealth.org/parent/positive/learning/iep.html#
  • 7. OverviewIndividualized Education Plans and Evaluating Students
    Traditionally the parents would then meet with a school counselor, teacher or school psychologist to take a look at the student’s past performance regarding grades, behavior and any other observations that may be pertinent in making an accurate assessment of the student
    All of this information would be used in formulating specific strategies to help the student in reaching his or her learning goals
    Just because a child displays certain disabilities is no guarantee that he or she will receive certain accommodations
    http://kidshealth.org/parent/positive/learning/iep.html#
  • 8. OverviewIndividualized Education Plans and Evaluating Students
    To ensure reasonable accommodations the student must be evaluated by a team of licensed professionals such as a psychologist or hearing specialist
    Once the licensed professional completes the evaluation they create a comprehensive evaluation report (CER) of their findings
    Once the parents review it an IEP is developed
    http://kidshealth.org/parent/positive/learning/iep.html#
  • 9. OverviewWhat is Assistive Technology?
    Assistive technology are devices, programs, techniques and instruments. Anything that helps to aid someone with a disability, and/or to accomplish something that they might otherwise find difficult or impossible
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Assistive_technology
  • 10. OverviewChoosing the Appropriate Assistive Technology
    Step 1:Gather information about the student’s weaknesses, strengths and level of ability. Discuss what teaching techniques have been the most successful in the past
    Step 2:Discuss what activities throughout the day require the student’s participation, and the roadblocks he or she may be encountering that may be preventing the obtainment of educational goals and outcomes
    Step 3: Observe the student. Has intervention be successful? Has participation increased? How will you measure the outcomes?
    http://www.ldonline.org/article/8088
  • 11. OverviewChoosing the Appropriate Assistive Technology
    Step 4: Discuss what assistive technologies might be used as a solution in aiding the students educational needs
    Step 5: Give the new technology a try. Create an observation plan
    Step 6:Decipher what worked and what didn’t. Intervention is a never-ending learning process. Take time for reflection and make adjustments accordingly
    http://www.ldonline.org/article/8088
  • 12. Assistive Technology That Can Enhance Students’ Educational Experience
    Two or more students may have the same learning disability, but to different degrees, which will require different assistive technology
    Assistive technology can aid in the following areas: academics and learning, daily living, assisted living and environmental, augmentative communication, computer access and instruction, environmental control, mobility, pre-vocational and vocational, recreation and leisure, visual
    Sometimes the assistance that the student needs is as simple as where he or she is seated in the classroom
    http://www.gpat.org/devices.aspx
  • 13. Assistive Technology That Can Enhance Students’ Educational Experience
    Assistive technology ranges from low-tech to hi-tech to no-tech
    Low-tech technology is anything that does not require sophisticated computer components
    No-technology is anything that does not require a battery such as a pen and paper, textbooks or a pencil grip to make writing easier
    http://www.ericdigests.org/2003-1/assistive.htm
  • 14. Assistive Technology That Can Enhance Students’ Educational Experience
    High-tech technology is anything that requires a battery such as message devices, toys or books that speak, and specialized computers
    Depending on the severity of the visual impairment one might adjust the screen resolution, use a larger monitor than most or use Braille displays, keyboards, embossers or note takers
    The hearing impaired can adjust Windows Operating Systems to use visual cues instead of sound
    In addition, they can use what is called a Text Telephone, which allows the user to type messages, in order to communicate
    http://abilitynet.wetpaint.com/page/Communication
  • 15. Assistive Technology That Can Enhance Students’ Educational Experience
    For those students who are not hearing or visual impaired, but have problems with reading and writing there are speech output devices
    http://abilitynet.wetpaint.com/page/Communication
    In summation working with students with disabilities can be both a challenge and fruitful learning experience. They are however a few general rules of courtesy that we must be mindful of:
    Don't assume that the student isn’t paying attention because you are not getting a response
    Don't feel that you have to overemphasize everything for the benefit of the students with learning disabilities
    Always work in conjunction with an education specialist to help understand the nature of the disability, and how to best approach it
    http://www.as.wvu.edu/~scidis/learning.html#sect1
  • 16. Assistive Technology That Can Enhance Students’ Educational Experience
    Always be flexible and open-minded to adjusting assignments and using multiple teaching strategies to fit the needs of your students
    And if nothing else always have patience
    http://www.as.wvu.edu/~scidis/learning.html#sect1
  • 17. References
    Individualized Education Programs (IEP’s). (2011). Retrieved June 17, 2011, from http://kidshealth.org/parent/positive/learning/iep.html#
    Help for Young Learners: How To Choose AT?. (2006). Retrieved June 17, 2011, from
    http://www.ldonline.org/article/8088
    Georgia Project for Assistive Technology. (2008). Retrieved June 17, 2011, from
    http://www.gpat.org/devices.aspx
    Global Assistive Technology (GATE). (N/A). Retrieved June 17, 2011, from
    http://abilitynet.wetpaint.com/page/Communication
    Assistive Technology for Students with Mild Disabilities: Update 2002. ERIC Digest. (2002). Retrieved June 17, 2011, from
    http://www.ericdigests.org/2003-1/assistive.htm
  • 18. References
    Assistive Technology. (2011). Retrieved June 17, 2011, from
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Assistive_technology
  • 19. My Reference Sources
    What Are "Special Needs"?. (2011). Retrieved June 17, 2011, from
    http://specialchildren.about.com/od/gettingadiagnosis/p/whatare.htm
    Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. (2011). Retrieved June 17, 2011, from
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Individuals_with_Disabilities_Education_Act
    Strategies for Teaching Students with Learning Disabilities. (2005). Retrieved June 17, 2011, from http://www.as.wvu.edu/~scidis/learning.html#sect1