Conventions of a documentary (A2 media studies)

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The conventions of a documentary made for coursework for A2 media studies

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Conventions of a documentary (A2 media studies)

  1. 1. Conventions of a documentary
  2. 2. Documentaries • A documentary is to be truthful and non bias. • It shall document reality. • It shall report on something which has happened, Using evidence. • A reconstruction can be used as a substitute if there is no primary footage. • Documentaries are made from subjects varying from political, historical, to religious topics.
  3. 3. Genre • Target audience used to schedule a documentary, and what can be shown within the content. • Furthermore what type of adverts will be used at the time. • Josh Grierson first created the term documentary and described it as the creativity of actuality • In more creative documentaries the authenticity of the content can be questioned. • it’s impossible to capture real events as they are happening as they are unexpected, so therefore reconstructions become inevitable • Film crew affects through the people watching them, the situation is no longer real.
  4. 4. narrating • A documentary can use a narrator. • A narrator is a convention as it anchors the meaning of a documentary. • The usual style is role of god as the narrator isn't involved and is all seeing and all knowing. • A narrator can become involved in a presenting capacity. • This becomes a participation documentary.
  5. 5. Types of documentary • A documentary can become fictisous around an event. • A documentary can be dramatized for effect. • Fly on the wall is an example of a non narrated documentary.
  6. 6. 5 types of documentary • 1 – observation contain invisible camera, audience is an eye whiteness. • 2 – interview set to the rule of thirds, a spontaneous interview is called a vox pop • 3 – dramatization, for effect or when no footage is available • 4 – mise – en – scene • 5 – exposition, description and commentary combined.
  7. 7. Types of documentary • Fully narrated (off screen) • Fly on the wall • Mixed documentary • Self reflexive, subjects acknowledge camera • Docudrama / Docusoap
  8. 8. Disneyfication (Barnett's theory) • Need to broadcast positive things • clean instead of challenging society • Dumbed down, safe for adverts, cheap T.V. • Audiences are used to it • They have traditional conventions of narrative • Strong focus on conflict, characters, music, sound effects • Have defined beginning, middle and end
  9. 9. Disneyfication (Barnett's theory) • Beginning • Central question • Action footage • Middle • Case becomes complicated • Conflict strengthened • Arguments offer an alternative view • Show evidence • End • Exposition should be apparent • Resolve views • Conflict between different people with different backgrounds • Reconstructions

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