1 osh act & osh ms


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1 osh act & osh ms

  1. 1.  Occupational Safety and Health Act 1994 (OSHA) (ACT 514) Occupational Safety and Health Management System (OSH MS) Occupational Health and Safety Assessment System (OHSAS)
  2. 2. Define the components of OSHADefineconcepts and components of OSHMS & OSHASOutline recent developments in health and safety management.
  3. 3.  The Occupational Safety and Health Act 1994 (Act 514) is a legislation which has been gazette on the 25 February 1994 by the Malaysian Parliament. The Act provides the legislative framework to secure the safety, health and welfare among all Malaysian workforce Aim- to protect others against risks to safety or health in connection with the activities of persons at work. It is a tool superimposed on existing safety and health legislation.  
  4. 4.  The Act requires all companies to have a written safety and health policy Outlines the duties of the: - safety and health officer (SHO) - safety and health committee (SHC) - occupational safety and health officers (OSHO) -employer - employee
  5. 5.  Competent person on safety and health at work place Employed exclusively for the purpose of ensuring the due observance at the work place of work of the provisions of this Act Shall possess such qualifications or have received training
  6. 6.  Advise the employer or any person in charge of a place of work on the measures to be taken in the interests of a safety and health of the person employed in the place work To inspect the place of work to determine whether : - machinery, plant, equipment, substance, appliance or process or any description of manual labour used in the place or work can be a potential hazard to any person working in the place of work
  7. 7.  Investigate any accident, near miss, dangerous occurrence, occupational poisoning or occupational disease this has happened in the place work Assist employer or Safety & Health Committee, organise and implement Occupational Safety and Health programs sat the place of work Assist the Safety and Health Commitee in any inspection of the place of work for the purpose of checking the effectiveness and efficacy of any measures taken in compliance with the Act or any regulation made under the Act
  8. 8.  Collect, analyse and maintain statistics on any accident, dangerous occurrence, occupational poisoning, occupational disease which have occurred at the place work Carry out any other instruction made by the employer or any person in charge of the place of work on any matters pertaining to safety and health of the place of work Copyright Fadzil_Hassan @ CPIM, FSPU, UiTM
  9. 9. Employer shall establish safety & health committee if: Thereare forty or more person employed at the place of work TheDirector general directs the establishment of such a committee at the work place
  10. 10. Ensure safety & health of persons at place of work : Review the measures Investigate matter place of work- Which a member of committee or a person employed thereat considers is not safe or is a risk to health; and- Which has been brought to the attention of the employer. Attempt to solve any matter related
  11. 11.  The main objective of the committee is to foster cooperation and consultation between management and workers in identifying, evaluating and controlling hazard at workplace. It is also an effective channel of communication to exchange idea to solve problems relating to OSH. Feedback from workers will greatly assist employers to promote and provide a safe and healthy work environment.
  12. 12.  Employer – the immediate employer or the principle employer or both Immediate employer – person who has undertaken the execution at the work place Duties to persons other than employee • To conduct undertaking to ensure other person are not exposed to risks • To give prescibed information to other person that might affect their safety or health
  13. 13.  Duties to employee • Provision of information, instruction, training & supervision to ensure safety & health of employees • Provision of safe working environment and adequate facilities for employee’s welfare • Provision of access and egress are safe and without risks • to ensure as far as practicable plant & system of work are safe and without risk to health • To ensure safety & absence of risks in connection of operation, handling, storage and transport
  14. 14.  Person who employed for wages under a contract of service Duties • Take reasonable care for S&H of himself • Co-operate with his employer • Wear or use protective equipment provided by employer to prevent risks • Comply instruction on S&H instituted by employer
  15. 15. Appointed by ministerExercisingpowers and performing functions and discharging duties assigned to him under OSHA
  16. 16.  OHSMS: Occupational Health and Safety Management System OHSAS: Occupational Health and Safety Assurance System Both terms are used interchangeably Its is all about identifying “OHS hazards”, estimating “risks” and taking appropriate measures to mitigate “consequences”.
  17. 17.  Benefits • Improved OHS performance  Prevent health and safety hazard • Reduction in the number of accidents • Reduced costs  Prevent ill health in the first place than to medication • Improved public image  Enhanced customer trust  Competitive advantage
  18. 18.  Benefits - Demonstration of an innovative and forward thinking approach - Increased access to new customers and business partners through an improved corporate image - Better management of health and safety risks, now and in the future - Company, conscious about social responsibilities.
  19. 19.  Pre Year 1996 • ILO guidelines • Various certification bodies had their own OHSAS standards / specifications • There were no national standard on OHSAS In Year 1997 • Technical Management Board of ISO decided against having International Standard on OH&S ILO -International Labour Organization ISO -International Organization for Standardization
  20. 20.  Year 1999 • 10 certification bodies / national bodies / consultancy organizations collaborated to make OHSAS 18001 • OHSAS 18001: 1999 was not a standard but only a specification for Occupational Health and Safety management. • Objective was to create a platform for making a national and/or international standard  And to help organizations meet their legal obligations
  21. 21.  Year 2000 • ISO Technical Management Board declined once again for an International standard on OHSAS Year 2007 • OSHAS 18001:2007 (Occupational Health and safety series; Title: OSHMAS –requirements) replaces OHSAS 18001:1999 • This new OHSAS is accepted by Standard Malaysia and serve as basis for accreditation of Malaysia certification bodies
  22. 22.  OHSAS 18000 is an international occupational health and safety management system It provides organizations with the elements of an effective OHSMS that can be integrated with other management requirements and help organizations achieve better occupational health and safety performance and economic objectives. It comprises two parts, 18001 and 18002 
  23. 23.  OHSAS 18001 specifies requirements for an OH&S management system to help an organization develop and implement a policy and objectives, which take into account legal requirements and information about OH&S risks OHSAS 18002 provides generic assistance for establishing, implementing or improving an OH&S management system, and demonstrates successful implementation
  24. 24. Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems (OHSMS) have been defined as“…a combination of the planning and review, the management organisational arrangements, the consultative arrangements, and the specific program elements that work together in an integrated way to improve health and safety performance” ~Gallagher, 2000
  25. 25. OHS Management System“The means by which an organisation controls risk through the management process”. ~Health & Safety Executive“Part of the overall management system that facilities the management of the OH&S risks associated with the business of the organisation.This includes the organisational structure, planning activities, responsibilities, practices, procedures, processes and resources for developing and achieving, reviewing and maintaining the organisation’s OH&S policy”. ~ British Standards Institute
  26. 26. Policy Policy development Organising Organisational development Planning &Audit Implementing Developing Measuring techniques of Performance planning, measuring and reviewing Reviewing Performance Copyright Fadzil_Hassan @ CPIM, FSPU, UiTM
  27. 27. Policy Policy Organising Effective health and safety policies set aAudit Planning & clear direction for the Implementing organisation to follow. Measuring Performance Reviewing Performance Copyright Fadzil_Hassan @ CPIM, FSPU, UiTM
  28. 28. Key Elements of OHSManagement System Policy Organising Organising An effective managementAudit Planning & structure and Implementing arrangements are in place Measuring for delivering the policy. Performance Reviewing Performance Copyright Fadzil_Hassan @ CPIM, FSPU, UiTM
  29. 29. Policy Planning There is a planned and systematic approach to Organising implementing the health and safety policy Planning & through an effectiveAudit Implementing health and safety management system. Measuring Performance   Reviewing   Performance Copyright Fadzil_Hassan @ CPIM, FSPU, UiTM
  30. 30. Key Elements of OHS Management System Policy Measuring Organising PerformanceAudit Planning & Implementing Performance is measured against agreed standards Measuring to reveal when and where Performance improvement is needed. Reviewing Performance Copyright Fadzil_Hassan @ CPIM, FSPU, UiTM
  31. 31. Policy Auditing and Organising Reviewing of PerformanceAudit Planning & Implementing The organisation learns from all relevant Measuring Performance experience and applies the lessons. Reviewing Performance Copyright Fadzil_Hassan @ CPIM, FSPU, UiTM
  32. 32. 1. OH&S Policy 1.1. The Health & Safety Policy Continual 2. Planning Continu 2.1. Planning for hazard identification, risk Improvement assessment and control Improvem al 2.2. Legal and other requirements ent 2.3. Objectives 2.4. OH&S management programme(s) 3. Implementation and Operation 3.1. Structure and responsibility Status 3.2. Training, awareness and competence OHS Policy 3.3. Consultation and Communication Review OHS OHS Policy 3.4. DocumentationManagement 3.5. Document and data control ManagemeReview Policy Planning 3.6. Operational Control Revie nt Plannin Planning 3.7. Emergency preparedness and response w 4. Checking and Corrective Action Checking & g Implementation 4.1. Performance measurement and monitoring Checking Corrective & Implementation Operation 4.2. Accidents, incidents, non-conformances Correctiv Action & Operation and corrective and preventative action & Actio e 4.3. Records and record management n 4.4. Audit 5. Management Review 5.1. Management Review Copyright Fadzil_Hassan @ CPIM, FSPU, UiTM
  33. 33. WHY WAS OHSAS DEVELOPED? In response to urgent customer demand for a recognizable occupational health and safety management system standard  Need for health and safety management system that could be audited and certified Copyright Fadzil_Hassan @ CPIM, FSPU, UiTM
  34. 34.  Suitable and relevant to use in all type of industries. Make the system more effective in occupational health and safety policies Make sure the organisations obey the occupational safety and health policies and increase the occupational health and safety involvement. Copyright Fadzil_Hassan @ CPIM, FSPU, UiTM
  35. 35. • Prepare the occupational health and safety management system• Control that system to make sure it have what it suppose to do accordance to OHSAS 18001:1999 guideline.• Help the organisation’s occupational health and safety accordance and parallel with the law and another requirements in OHSAS 18001. Copyright Fadzil_Hassan @ CPIM, FSPU, UiTM
  36. 36. Elements of OHSAS 18001 Copyright Fadzil_Hassan @ CPIM, FSPU, UiTM
  37. 37. PolicyEffective health and safety policies set a clear direction for theorganisation to follow.OrganisingAn effective management structure and arrangements are in place fordelivering the policy.PlanningThere is a planned and systematic approach to implementing thehealth and safety policy through an effective health and safetymanagement system.Measuring PerformancePerformance is measured against agreed standards to reveal whenand where improvement is neededAuditing and Reviewing of PerformanceThe organisation learns from all relevant experience and applies thelessons Copyright Fadzil_Hassan @ CPIM, FSPU, UiTM
  38. 38. A legal requirement on an employer to prepare, and keep up to date a written statement of their policy regarding the health and safety of their employees
  39. 39.  An OH&S policy establishes an overall sense of direction and sets the principles of action for an organisation. Itsets goals for the level of OHS responsibility and performance required. Itdemonstrates the formal commitment towards good OH&S management, particularly that of the organisation’s top management. Copyright Fadzil_Hassan @ CPIM, FSPU, UiTM
  40. 40. BS8800 sets out nine specific commitments that must be included to develop a comprehensive policy statement.  Recognising that OH&S is an integral particle of its business performance. Achieving a high level of OH&S performance, with compliance to legal requirements as a minimum, and to continual cost-effective improvement in performance. Provide adequate and appropriate resources to implement the policy. Copyright Fadzil_Hassan @ CPIM, FSPU, UiTM
  41. 41.  The setting and publishing of OH&S objectives, even if only by internal notification. Place the management of OH&S as a prime responsibility of line management, from the most senior executive to first line supervisory level. To ensure that the policy statement is understood, implemented and maintained at all levels in the organisation. Copyright Fadzil_Hassan @ CPIM, FSPU, UiTM
  42. 42.  Employee involvement and consultation to gain commitment to the policy and its implementation. Periodic review of the policy, the management system and audit of compliance to policy. Ensure that employees at all levels receive appropriate training and are competent to carry out their duties and responsibilities. Copyright Fadzil_Hassan @ CPIM, FSPU, UiTM
  43. 43.  Any management system will work well if top management and employees work together toward a common vision of zero incidents. Create a safety culture that drives each employees’ thoughts and actions in their personal and professional lives. MS is more than a regulation. Copyright Fadzil_Hassan @ CPIM, FSPU, UiTM
  44. 44.  Creates an environment where employees are responsible for their safety and the safety of their fellow employees.A safety culture is built through the establishment of a fundamentally sound safety program. Copyright Fadzil_Hassan @ CPIM, FSPU, UiTM