Public LibrariesPrepared to: Dr. Augusta Rosario A. VillamaterPrepared by: Angelique L. Guce
Public librariesIt may be said to have begun inEngland in 1850 with the passingof the first Public Libraries Act.Public Libraries Act- This permitted towns andparishes to set up public libraries.
Purpose For the free and restricted of provision books and related material to members of the community for study purposes, and for vocational and recreational use. They are, and must remain, instruments of informal education, existing for self- development in an atmosphere of freedom.
AdministrationNumber of trustees -It variesfrom one library to the next, depending on rulesestablished by the political jurisdiction thelibrary serves. Ordinarily, a public library boardconsists of 6 to 12 trustees.Board of trustees- Itestablishes the library’s operating policies,and the director is responsible forimplementing those policies.
DirectorHe/she usually reports to aboard of trustees made up ofcitizens interested in improvinglocal library service.She manages the staff andoversees all of the library’s dailyoperations.
Collections:It includes printed materials suchas reference sets, paperbacknovels, biographies, children’s andyoung adult literature, histories,newspapers, and magazines.It usually also containphotographs, maps, artreproductions, sound recordings,and video recordings.
Departments Reference Libraries Reference Libraries Home Reading Libraries Children’s Libraries Periodicals Branch Libraries Mobile Libraries Gramophone Record Libraries
Reference librariesThere are 10,000volumes publicreference libraries inBritain and indeedthose below number.
Medium-sized referencelibraryIt contains 20,000 volumes,with the stock of such materialdirectories, dictionaries, atlases,encyclopedias, bibliographies.
Large referencelibrariesIt contains all the additionof monographs on specificsubjects, files of periodicalsand a wealth of pamphletand other material.
It is divided intodepartments:CommercialTechnicalForeignInternational
Home reading LibrariesUp to the 1890s home reading orlending libraries in Britain issuedbooks on the indicator or closedaccess method.
They have arrangementswhereby readers mayreserve books, while booksnot in stock will either bepurchased or borrowedfrom another library.
Childrens LibrariesNottingham had thefirst separate children’slibrary in the 1880s butthe greatest impetus tolibrary service for youngpeople was given byCroydon early in thiscentury.
In most children’s librariesillustration collection aremaintained, loans being madefrom these to teachers andstudent. In modern times, there areno age limits in the children’slibrary.
Branch LibrariesThe term “branch library” includes full-timebranches, part time branches, and what may becalled delivery stations.Systems with branches in cities and towns areusually centralized for administrative purposes.
Mobile Library•It was originated as ameans of supplying a bookservice to scattered in ruralcommunities.
•Mobile libraries need to becareful planning so that themaximum number of bookscan be carried anddisplayed.
Gramophone Record LibrariesSince 1945, gramophone record ithas sprung up all over Britain, throughmore particularly in London area.
It uses a form ofindicator system toshow which records areavailable for borrowing.
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