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Understanding Adult Learners
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Understanding Adult Learners

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  • 1. UNDERSTANDING ADULT LEARNERS Characteristics of Adult Learner Learning Styles Perceptual Modalities Cognitive Overload 1
  • 2. PEDAGOGICAL VERSUSANDRAGOGICAL MODEL 2
  • 3. PEDAGOGICAL MODEL OF LEARNING• The teacher is responsible for the learning process ( Learner role is passive)• The teacher is the expert have the responsibility to impart his or her knowledge to students.• Pp are motivated to learn because “ they have to” in order to pass a test…• Learning is information oriented.• Motivation to learn is largely external. 3
  • 4. ANDRAGOGICAL MODEL OF LEARNING• By Malcolm Knowles Assumption One Self-directedness. Assumption Two The role of experience. Assumption Three Ready to learn when they perceive a need to know or do something. Assumption Four Real-world applications. Assumption Five Adults motivated to learn because of internal factors. 4
  • 5. LEARNING STYLES• Trainer need to take into consideration how is trainee learning style as he or she begin to design or develop training program.• Learning style : Refers to the way in which a learner approaches and responds to a learning experience.To be effective, trainers must design their programs to accommodate style differences. 5
  • 6. LEARNING STYLESFeelers• Pp oriented, expressive and focus on feelings and emotions.• Enjoy affective learning and gravitate towards learning experiences that explore pp ‘s attitudes and emotions 6
  • 7. LEARNING STYLES Thinkers • Rely on logic and reason. • They will question the rationale behind activities and will challenge 7
  • 8. LEARNING STYLESObservers Like to watch and listen, reserved , quite and take their time before before 8
  • 9. LEARNING STYLES Doers 1. Like to be actively involved in the learning process. 2. Take charge in group activities and tend to dominate discussions. 3. Like opportunities to practice what they learn. 4. Interested to in knowing how they are going to apply what they learn in the real world. 9
  • 10. Activity• A lecturer speaks at a rate of _________words per minute; we can listen at a rate of __________per minutes.• People retain ______percent of what they hear; _________percent of what they hear and see; and _____________percent of what they hear, see and do. 10
  • 11. PERCEPTUAL MODALITIESThe ways people take in & process information 11
  • 12. DemonstrationsInteractive Aural PERCEPTUAL MODALITIESVisual Tactile Print Kinesthetic 12
  • 13. FACTORS THAT AFFECTS THE SPEED OF LEARNING EnvironmentalPsychological Emotional FactorsSociological Age Physical Intellectual & experiential 13
  • 14. COGNITIVE OVERLOAD• The challenge to the trainer is to present information in such a way that the participants do not experience overload.• Working memory has an estimated limited capacity of seven ‘chunks’ of pieces of information. 14
  • 15. PREVENTING COGNITIVE OVERLOAD Create job aids Minimize the use of lecture Create chunks of WAYS PREVENTING content or informationCOGNITIVE OVERLOAD Participant do most of the work. Design easy –to-follow workbooks and other participant materials 15

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