Why Open Access Matters for the Arts


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“Why Open Access Matters for the Arts.” ACRL Arts Discussion Forum, ALA Annual Conference, Chicago, IL. June, 2013.

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Why Open Access Matters for the Arts

  1. 1. Why Open Access Matters for the Arts Alex Watkins Art & Architecture Librarian CU Boulder Libraries
  2. 2. Open Access Definition “By ‘open access’ to this [scholarly] literature, we mean its free availability on the public internet, permitting any users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of these articles, crawl them for indexing, pass them as data to software, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without financial, legal, or technical barriers other than those inseparable from gaining access to the internet itself.” Budapest Open Access Initiative (2002)
  3. 3. Open Access is usually associated with the sciences
  4. 4. Journal Prices
  5. 5. If there’s no journal crisis, do we need open access?
  6. 6. Taxpayer funding of research has been key in Open Access
  7. 7. Does Art scholarship have the same ethical imperative to be open as medical literature?
  8. 8. Do the Arts need Open Access?
  9. 9. Pay-walls create a divide between Western scholars and the rest of the world
  10. 10. Universities around the world can’t afford access to arts journals
  11. 11. In many places, open access is the only access
  12. 12. “Today, Northern scholars writing on African countries do not need to worry about what their African colleagues think or say, especially if the latter are based on the continent, because they are unlikely to review their work” (Zeleza, 2008).
  13. 13. We have to question what is adequate dissemination of scholarship
  14. 14. Lack of indexing disadvantages open access publishing
  15. 15. Open Access can help change the colonial nature of scholarship
  16. 16. Pay Walls create a divide between Academia and the Public
  17. 17. Scholarship can give the public a deeper understanding of the arts
  18. 18. Librarians can help tear down pay-walls
  19. 19. Librarians can ensure open access resources are visible and accessible
  20. 20. Librarians can create and promote Institutional Repositories
  21. 21. “Everyone has the right…to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers.” Article 19, The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948)
  22. 22. Photo Credits • • • • • • • • • Barber, Matt. Great Wall of China, October 21, 2009. http://www.flickr.com/photos/matt512/4065627169/. Gao, Jialiang. The old Campus of the National University of San Antonio Abad at Cusco, Peru, January, 2006. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Universidad_Nacional_de_San_Antonio_Abad_ del_Cusco_Peru.jpg Hough, Josh. Bethlehem Checkpoint, December 13, 2006. http://www.flickr.com/photos/joshhough/321999050/. Ammon. Berlin Wall, January 1, 1990. http://www.flickr.com/photos/authenticfoto/3545761886/. Thiémard, Raphaël. Berlin 1989, Fall Der Mauer, Chute Du Mur, November 1, 1989. http://www.flickr.com/photos/vivaopictures/3403855791/. Warman, Lara. Wall Adam Goldsworthy, November 13, 2011. http://www.flickr.com/photos/war_man/6344808703/. Archives, SDASM. Crumbling Wall, May 23, 2012. http://www.flickr.com/photos/sdasmarchives/7304576046/. Poggi, Jacqueline. Hadrian’s Wall, September 8, 2008. http://www.flickr.com/photos/jacqueline_poggi/6987537325/. SMU Central University Libraries. Sinclair Refining Laboratory... at Corpus Christi, January 1, 1944. http://www.flickr.com/photos/smu_cul_digitalcollections/8409510090/.
  23. 23. Bibliography • • • • • • • • • • • • • Association of Research Libraries (ARL). (2010). Tempe Principles for Emerging Systems of Scholarly Publishing. Retrieved from http://www.arl.org/resources/pubs/tempe/index.shtml Budhapest Open Access Inititive (BOAI). (2010). Budapest Open Access Initiative. Retrieved from www.soros.org/openaccess/ Bailey, C. W. (2008). Author's Rights, Tout de Suite. Retrieved from from http://www.digitalscholarship.org/ts/authorrights.pdf Elkins, J. (2007a). Is Art History Global? London: Routledge. Elkins, J. (2007b). Canon and Globalization in Art History. In Bryzski, A (Ed.), Partisan Canons. Durham: Duke University Press. Evans, S., Thompson, H., & Watkins, A. (2011). Discovering open access art history: a comparative study of the indexing of open access art journals. The Serials Librarian, 61(2), 168–188. McGill, L. (2006, September 22). The State of Scholarly Publishing in the History of Art and Architecture. Retrieved from the Connexions Web site http://cnx.org/content/col10377/1.2/ Science Commons. (2010). Scholar's Copyright Addendum Engine. Retrieved from http://scholars.sciencecommons.org/ Suber, P. (2004). Promoting Open Access in the Humanities. Retrieved from http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/writing/apa.htm Van Orsdel, L. C., Born, K. (2009 April 15). Reality bites: Periodicals price survey 2009. Library Journal. Retrieved from http://www.libraryjournal.com/article/CA6651248.html Willinsky, J. (2006). The Access Principle: The Case for Open Access to Research and Scholarship. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press. Zeleza, P. (2008). Challenges in the Production and Globalization of African Knowledges. Retrieved from http://www.zeleza.com/blogging/african-affairs/challenges-productionandglobalization-african-knowledges-0