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Chapter 3 Computer Hardware           Mr.Warawut Khangkhan        e-Mail: awarawut@hotmail.comSocial Network: www.facebook...
F    F       F                                      (Information Technology:       IT) ˈ                 F    ก           ...
F         F   F         F3   Chapter 3 Computer Hardware           Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
F            F   F   F         F   F         F (Computer Hardware)         ก     F     F    F (Hardware)       Hardware   ...
F                                    Central Processing Unit                                             (CPU)            ...
F6   Chapter 3 Computer Hardware       Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
F         ก        F                   ˈ 4       Supercomputer       Mainframe Computer       Minicomputer       Microcomp...
Supercomputer           ˈ                      F       F                          ก                   (      1,000 F      ...
Supercomputer                  ก               F ก           ก F               F       ก                                F ...
Supercomputer         ˆ     ก                   ก        (Parallel Processing               กF        Multiprocessing)    ...
Supercomputer11   Chapter 3 Computer Hardware   Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
Mainframe Computer          ˈ           F            F       ก        Supercomputer                 ก                 F ก ...
Mainframe Computer        Mainframe Computer         ก F                  (Processor)            F                    F F ...
Mainframe Computer14   Chapter 3 Computer Hardware   Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
Minicomputer            ˈ                            F    ก    (Midrange Computer)                                    ก   ...
Minicomputer         Processor      F   ก        Mainframe        Computer        Minicomputer F           F กF IBM,      ...
Minicomputer17   Chapter 3 Computer Hardware   Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
Microcomputer              “Personal Computer (PC)”            ˈ          F      ก                     F F        (Stand-a...
Microcomputer19   Chapter 3 Computer Hardware   Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
ก F                   F F20   Chapter 3 Computer Hardware         Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
Keyboard     Mouse                           Trackball21     Chapter 3 Computer Hardware               Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
Touch Pad                            Stylus Microphone                        Scanner22   Chapter 3 Computer Hardware     ...
Optical Character                 Magnetic-Ink Character                                   Magnetic- Recognition (OCR)    ...
Touch Screen                    Pointing Stick24     Chapter 3 Computer Hardware                    Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
ก F                   F25   Chapter 3 Computer Hardware       Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
26   Chapter 3 Computer Hardware   Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
F                     ก27   Chapter 3 Computer Hardware       Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
F                              ก          F                        ก       (Central Processing Unit:        CPU)          ...
F                            ก     CPU                ก           F  F F 2 F        F                          (Control Un...
F                      ก        CPU           ก                     ˈ Chip        ก ก Silicon                     ก F     ...
ก                                  CPU        ก                          F        CPU      F                   ก          ...
F32   Chapter 3 Computer Hardware   Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
F                F             (Memory Unit)   F                ก F                    F          F F     CPU  CPU        ...
F                      ก        ROM (Read Only Memory)        RAM (Random Access Memory)34   Chapter 3 Computer Hardware  ...
ROM (Read Only Memory)        PROM (Programmable Read Only        Memory)         ˈ ROM         ก     F F F F             ...
ROM (Read Only Memory)        EEPROM (Electrical Erasable Programmable        Read Only Memory)          ˈ ROM            ...
RAM (Random Access Memory)        SDRAM (Synchronous DRAM)          F DRAM F Refresh                                      ...
RAM (Random Access Memory)38   Chapter 3 Computer Hardware   Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
F39   Chapter 3 Computer Hardware   Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
ก              F        F   (Access Mode)        Sequential Data Access        Direct Data Access40   Chapter 3 Computer H...
กก F                  ก             F  F41   Chapter 3 Computer Hardware       Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
กก              F                                     ก            F            F                                       F ...
ก43   Chapter 3 Computer Hardware   Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
ก                                                     (Scalability)                                           F        F ก...
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Management Information System 3

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Transcript of "Management Information System 3"

  1. 1. Chapter 3 Computer Hardware Mr.Warawut Khangkhan e-Mail: awarawut@hotmail.comSocial Network: www.facebook.com/AjWarawut
  2. 2. F F F (Information Technology: IT) ˈ F ก F 4 ก F กF F F (Hardware) F F (Software) F (Database) F F ก (Computer2 Network and Communication) Chapter 3 Computer Hardware Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
  3. 3. F F F F3 Chapter 3 Computer Hardware Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
  4. 4. F F F F F F F (Computer Hardware) ก F F F (Hardware) Hardware F F ก F ก F F Main board, CPU I/O Device ˈ F4 Chapter 3 Computer Hardware Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
  5. 5. F Central Processing Unit (CPU) Control Unit Input Output Unit Arithmetic / Logical Unit : ALU Unit Memory Unit5 Chapter 3 Computer Hardware Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
  6. 6. F6 Chapter 3 Computer Hardware Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
  7. 7. F ก F ˈ 4 Supercomputer Mainframe Computer Minicomputer Microcomputer7 Chapter 3 Computer Hardware Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
  8. 8. Supercomputer ˈ F F ก ( 1,000 F F ) ก Chip F8 Chapter 3 Computer Hardware Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
  9. 9. Supercomputer ก F ก ก F F ก F ก F F F ก F ก F Fก F ˈ F F Supercomputer F F กF IBM, Fujitsu, Cray, Hitachi NEC ˈ F9 Chapter 3 Computer Hardware Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
  10. 10. Supercomputer ˆ ก ก (Parallel Processing กF Multiprocessing) Supercomputer Fก F ก F F ก F F F F ก ก F Supercomputer ก กก F “Cluster”10 Chapter 3 Computer Hardware Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
  11. 11. Supercomputer11 Chapter 3 Computer Hardware Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
  12. 12. Mainframe Computer ˈ F F ก Supercomputer ก F ก F Supercomputer Fก F ก F F Fก ก F F ˈ F F F F ก (Multi-user) F ก ก ERP ˈ F12 Chapter 3 Computer Hardware Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
  13. 13. Mainframe Computer Mainframe Computer ก F (Processor) F F F F Mainframe Computer F F กF IBM, Fujitsu Unisys ˈ F13 Chapter 3 Computer Hardware Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
  14. 14. Mainframe Computer14 Chapter 3 Computer Hardware Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
  15. 15. Minicomputer ˈ F ก (Midrange Computer) ก ก Fก ก F ก ˈ F Client/Server F F F ก F ก F ก F ก F F ˈ F15 Chapter 3 Computer Hardware Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
  16. 16. Minicomputer Processor F ก Mainframe Computer Minicomputer F F กF IBM, AS/400, HP 9000 HP Alpha ˈ F16 Chapter 3 Computer Hardware Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
  17. 17. Minicomputer17 Chapter 3 Computer Hardware Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
  18. 18. Microcomputer “Personal Computer (PC)” ˈ F ก F F (Stand-alone) F F ก F ก F ก18 Chapter 3 Computer Hardware Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
  19. 19. Microcomputer19 Chapter 3 Computer Hardware Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
  20. 20. ก F F F20 Chapter 3 Computer Hardware Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
  21. 21. Keyboard Mouse Trackball21 Chapter 3 Computer Hardware Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
  22. 22. Touch Pad Stylus Microphone Scanner22 Chapter 3 Computer Hardware Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
  23. 23. Optical Character Magnetic-Ink Character Magnetic- Recognition (OCR) Recognition Reader (MICR) Digital Camera Video PC Camera23 Chapter 3 Computer Hardware Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
  24. 24. Touch Screen Pointing Stick24 Chapter 3 Computer Hardware Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
  25. 25. ก F F25 Chapter 3 Computer Hardware Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
  26. 26. 26 Chapter 3 Computer Hardware Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
  27. 27. F ก27 Chapter 3 Computer Hardware Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
  28. 28. F ก F ก (Central Processing Unit: CPU) F ก F28 Chapter 3 Computer Hardware Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
  29. 29. F ก CPU ก F F F 2 F F (Control Unit) – F ก F ก ก F ˈ ก F (Arithmetic / Logical Unit) – F F ก F29 Chapter 3 Computer Hardware Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
  30. 30. F ก CPU ก ˈ Chip ก ก Silicon ก F Chip (Circuit) F F Chip ก ก F CPU F “Microprocessor” “Processor”30 Chapter 3 Computer Hardware Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
  31. 31. ก CPU ก F CPU F ก F 4 ก F “Machine Cycle” Control Unit ALU 2. Decode 3. Execute 1. Fetch 4. Store Registers Instructions Results Main Memory (Primary Storage)31 Chapter 3 Computer Hardware Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
  32. 32. F32 Chapter 3 Computer Hardware Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
  33. 33. F F (Memory Unit) F ก F F F F CPU CPU F ก F F ก ก F ก F F F ˈ 2 F ก (Primary Storage / Main Memory) F (Secondary Storage)33 Chapter 3 Computer Hardware Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
  34. 34. F ก ROM (Read Only Memory) RAM (Random Access Memory)34 Chapter 3 Computer Hardware Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
  35. 35. ROM (Read Only Memory) PROM (Programmable Read Only Memory) ˈ ROM ก F F F F 1 F F F ก F ก ก PROM EPROM (Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory) ˈ PROM F F ก F F F F (Ultraviolet)35 Chapter 3 Computer Hardware Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
  36. 36. ROM (Read Only Memory) EEPROM (Electrical Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory) ˈ ROM ก F F F F กF ˂ F Flash Memory ˈ F36 Chapter 3 Computer Hardware Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
  37. 37. RAM (Random Access Memory) SDRAM (Synchronous DRAM) F DRAM F Refresh FF F Fก ก F F ˈ Synchronous DRAM F ก ˈ ก ก F ก F ก F DDR SDRAM (Double Data Rate SDRAM) F SDRAM F ก 1 2 1 F F DDR SDRAM F1 F F ก F37 Chapter 3 Computer Hardware Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
  38. 38. RAM (Random Access Memory)38 Chapter 3 Computer Hardware Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
  39. 39. F39 Chapter 3 Computer Hardware Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
  40. 40. ก F F (Access Mode) Sequential Data Access Direct Data Access40 Chapter 3 Computer Hardware Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
  41. 41. กก F ก F F41 Chapter 3 Computer Hardware Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
  42. 42. กก F ก F F F F Slot F ก (External Port) Fก Fก F ก ก F F F ก ก F ก ก ก F Chapter 3 Computer Hardware42 Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
  43. 43. ก43 Chapter 3 Computer Hardware Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
  44. 44. ก (Scalability) F F ก F ก F F F FF F F F ก ก F ˆ F F F F F F ก F F F F F44 Chapter 3 Computer Hardware Mr.Warawut Khangkhan
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