Effect of Copping Strategies to Deal With Daily Stress


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Effect of Copping Strategies to Deal With Daily Stress

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Effect of Copping Strategies to Deal With Daily Stress

  1. 1. 1. Problem Focused 2. Emotion Focused
  2. 2. What Is Stress?   Term used to describe the physical, emotional, cognitive, and behavioral responses to events that are appraised as threatening or challenging.  We can prevent, control and cope up with stress.  Stress is inevitable  Stress has a cause, the cause can be known.  We should control the stress.
  3. 3. Source of stress   Environmental stressors heat, cold, noise, traffic, pollution etc.  Physiological stressors illness, lack of sleep, poor nutrition etc.  Socio-cultural stressors financial problem, relationship problems, work  Cognitive factors attitude, belief, our own thoughts
  4. 4. Negative effects of stress          Generate unpleasant emotion Promoting negative thinking Narrowing attention Preoccupation It consumes mental energy Interpersonal problem Lack of motivation Reduce performance
  5. 5. Positive effects of stress      Prepare the body to meet challenges Stress is a source of energy Physiological arousal and alertness Increase performance
  6. 6. Stress Responses   Behavioral  Emotional  Cognitive  Biochemical  Physiological Emotional Reaction Due to Stress change in emotion due to stress like anger , fear, worry, isolation, negative thinking , unhappiness and suicide feelings
  7. 7. Coping  Coping “The process of managing external and/or internal demands that are appraised as taxing or exceeding the resources of the person.” By Lazarus and Folk man (1984) Basically… Coping is anything we do to deal with stress!
  8. 8. Coping strategies   Coping is simply an effort to solve personal and interpersonal problems, and seeking to master, minimize or tolerate stress or conflict.  INDIVIDUAL COPING STRATEGY  The first step in managing a conflict is individual coping. An individual needs to manage the conflicts or differences inside him to be able to come up to an agreement with the people around him. Individual coping include :  Exercise  Relaxation  Behavioral Self-Control  Cognitive Therapy  Networking
  9. 9. Benefits of coping strategies  Tries to change and/or solve problem: Coping strategies help reduce conflicts in organizations and lets the employees work towards a common goal without organizational hiccups. Confronts the real problem: Coping helps realize the real problems in the organizations. Problems such as low performance and low employee satisfaction levels. Keeps identity and role separate: Coping ensures that an employees identity and their roles in the organization remain separate, a mixture of these could result in higher levels of conflicts in the organization.
  10. 10. Coping is divided into two basic types:   Problem-focused Coping  Emotion-focused Coping
  11. 11. Problem-Focused Coping Strategies  Problem-Focused strategies includes: Defining the problem. Generating the alternative solutions. Weighing those solutions. Implementing the selected alternative.
  12. 12. Problem-Focused Coping Strategies  This strategy relies on using active ways to directly tackle the situation that caused the stress: you must concentrate on the problem. Here are some examples:  Analyze the situation Pay attention, avoid taking on more responsibility than you can manage.  Work harder Stay up all night to study for an exam  Apply what you have already learned to your daily life. You lose your job for the second time - you now know the steps to apply for a new job  Talk to a person that has a direct impact on the situation Talk directly to your boss to ask for an extension to the project that is due in one week.
  13. 13. Problem-Focused Coping Strategies 
  14. 14. Emotion-Focused Coping Strategies  - Means concentrating on alleviating the emotions associated with the stressful situatione. - Especially when the situation is beyond one’s control.  Emotion-focused strategy Emotion-focused coping strategies are used to handle feelings of distress, rather than the actual problem situation. You focus on your emotions:  Brood e.g. you accept new tasks instead of saying “no”, but you keep complaining and saying it is unfair.
  15. 15. Emotion-Focused Coping Strategies  Imagine/Magic thinking You dream about a better financial situation.  Avoid/Deny You avoid everything that is related to this situation or you take drugs and/or alcohol to escape from this situation.  Blame You blame yourself or others for the situation.  Social support You talk to your best friend about your concerns.  In a long-term perspective, are these strategies harmful?  Imagine that you are having a bad day at work and that you do not feel like seeing your boss. You can avoid him for many hours or even a day, but if you avoid him everyday this strategy will become unsuccessful and may even cause extra stress. This is why it is important to develop different strategies in order to adapt to different situations. 
  16. 16. Emotion-Focused Coping Strategies   Release pent-up emotions  Distracting one-self  Manage hostile feeling  Meditaring  Relaxation techniques  Proffered by women  Reduction in perceived control
  17. 17. Coping strategies with stress 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11.  Develop Right Views Don’t Set Unrealistic Goals Stop comparing with others Learn To Accept Inevitable Things Make Decisions When You Need To Plan And Organize Exercise regularly Have Recreational Activities And Hobbies Lend A Helping Hand Think Good Thoughts Practice Relaxation Techniques
  18. 18. Religion  8 things you can do counteract the effects of Stress 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. increase dhikar (remembrance of Allah) increase prayers Perform ablutions Ask for forgiveness Recite the HOLY QURAN Make the hereafter one’s concern Think positively Do not waste time on thoughts of fear or stress
  19. 19. The End  May You Be Free From All Stress When You Realize What Is Best! 19