2. What Is Stress?
Term used to describe the physical, emotional,
cognitive, and behavioral responses to events that
are appraised as threatening or challenging.
We can prevent, control and cope up with stress.
Stress is inevitable
Stress has a cause, the cause can be known.
We should control the stress.
3. Source of stress
heat, cold, noise, traffic, pollution etc.
illness, lack of sleep, poor nutrition etc.
financial problem, relationship problems,
attitude, belief, our own thoughts
4. Negative effects of stress
Generate unpleasant emotion
Promoting negative thinking
It consumes mental energy
Lack of motivation
5. Positive effects of stress
Prepare the body to meet challenges
Stress is a source of energy
Physiological arousal and alertness
6. Stress Responses
Emotional Reaction Due to Stress
change in emotion due to stress like anger , fear,
worry, isolation, negative thinking , unhappiness and
“The process of managing external and/or
internal demands that are appraised as taxing or
exceeding the resources of the person.” By Lazarus and Folk man
Coping is anything we do to deal with stress!
8. Coping strategies
Coping is simply an effort to solve personal and interpersonal
tolerate stress or conflict.
INDIVIDUAL COPING STRATEGY
The first step in managing a conflict is individual coping. An
individual needs to manage the conflicts or differences inside
him to be able to come up to an agreement with the people
around him. Individual coping include :
9. Benefits of coping
Tries to change and/or solve problem: Coping strategies
help reduce conflicts in organizations and lets the
employees work towards a common goal without
Confronts the real problem: Coping helps realize the real
problems in the organizations. Problems such as low
performance and low employee satisfaction levels.
Keeps identity and role separate: Coping ensures that an
employees identity and their roles in the organization
remain separate, a mixture of these could result in higher
levels of conflicts in the organization.
10. Coping is divided into two
11. Problem-Focused Coping
Problem-Focused strategies includes:
Defining the problem.
Generating the alternative solutions.
Weighing those solutions.
Implementing the selected alternative.
12. Problem-Focused Coping Strategies
This strategy relies on using active ways to directly tackle the
situation that caused the stress: you must concentrate on
the problem. Here are some examples:
Analyze the situation
Pay attention, avoid taking on more responsibility than you
Stay up all night to study for an exam
Apply what you have already learned to your daily life.
You lose your job for the second time - you now know the steps
to apply for a new job
Talk to a person that has a direct impact on the situation
Talk directly to your boss to ask for an extension to the project
that is due in one week.
13. Problem-Focused Coping
14. Emotion-Focused Coping
- Means concentrating on alleviating the emotions
associated with the stressful situatione.
- Especially when the situation is beyond one’s
Emotion-focused coping strategies are used to handle
feelings of distress, rather than the actual problem situation.
You focus on your emotions:
e.g. you accept new tasks instead of saying “no”, but you
keep complaining and saying it is unfair.
15. Emotion-Focused Coping Strategies
You dream about a better financial situation.
You avoid everything that is related to this situation or you take
drugs and/or alcohol to escape from this situation.
You blame yourself or others for the situation.
You talk to your best friend about your concerns.
In a long-term perspective, are these strategies harmful?
Imagine that you are having a bad day at work and that you do
not feel like seeing your boss. You can avoid him for many
hours or even a day, but if you avoid him everyday this
strategy will become unsuccessful and may even cause extra
stress. This is why it is important to develop different strategies
in order to adapt to different situations.
16. Emotion-Focused Coping
Release pent-up emotions
Manage hostile feeling
Proffered by women
Reduction in perceived control
17. Coping strategies with
Develop Right Views
Don’t Set Unrealistic Goals
Stop comparing with others
Learn To Accept Inevitable Things
Make Decisions When You Need To
Plan And Organize
Have Recreational Activities And Hobbies
Lend A Helping Hand
Think Good Thoughts
Practice Relaxation Techniques
8 things you can do counteract the effects of Stress
increase dhikar (remembrance of Allah)
Ask for forgiveness
Recite the HOLY QURAN
Make the hereafter one’s concern
Do not waste time on thoughts of fear or stress
May You Be