Pes eng xii_132
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Pes eng xii_132 Pes eng xii_132 Document Transcript

  • PES/ENG/XII/132 This is Master Version file Words: 3144 A PUNJAB EDUSAT SOCIETY PRODUCTION Subject - English Class - XII Module - Nehru’s Will and Testament ANCHOR 1 Hello student How are you doing today? I expect you all to be ready for your class. Well today we are going to start a new but a topic which will appear to be somewhat similar to what you have done in your previous lesson but you will find the difference. Before going to the topic let me tell you the learning objectives. s[;hI nZi eh eo oj/ j'. w/ok f]nkb j? fe s[;hI ;ko/ jh nZi dh ebk; bJh fsnko j'. nZi n;hI fJZe fpbe[Zb BtK s/ T[j ftFk F[o{ eoB ik oj/ jK, i' s[jk~ fJj th bZr/rk fe fJj sK n;hI gfjbK gVQ uZ[e/ jK, go ibdh jh s[;hAAI coe ikD ikt'r/ . fJ; s'I gfjbK fe nZi d/ fJ; ftF/ d/ ft;Eko ftZu ikfJnk ikJ/, gfjbK nZi dh ebk; d/ f;Zfynk T[d/F t/y bJhJ/. VO for LO’s LEARNING OBJECTIVES At the end of this episode students will be able to • Answer the questions regarding the comprehension • Answer the questions regarding translation • Describe about the writer • Summarise the theme of the lesson (Show pictures or animation on Jawahar Lal Nehru) ANCHOR 2
  • PES/ENG/XII/132 Students! What did you see in the picture? I hope all of you must be knowing that Late Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru was the first prime minister of independent India. He had been the longest serving prime minister of India, who had been the prime minister for seventeen years. He had done a lot for the development of our country. So today we will read about Pandit Nehru as a writer. The lesson ‘Nehru’s Will and Testament’ in your Reader Book VI is written by Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru. So before reading the lesson let us first know about the writer. ftfdnkoEhU, s[;hI s;tho ftZu eh t/fynk j?. w?~ T[whd j? fe s[;hI ;ko/ jh ikDd/ j' fe gzfvs itkjo bkb Bfjo{ nk}kd Gkos d/ gfjb/ gqXkB wzsoh ;B. T[j ;G s'I tZX ;wkI Gkt 17 ;kbK sZe Gkos d/ gqXkB wzsoh oj/. T[BQK B/ d/F d/ ftek; bJh ekch e[ZM ehsk.nZi n;hI gzfvs itkjo bkb Bfjo{ ih B{z fJZe b/ye d/ seo s/ gVKr/. s[jkvh Reader Book VI ftZu doi ‘Nehru’s Will and Testament’ gzfvs itkjo bkb Bfjo{ ih d[nkok fbfynk frnk j?. gkm gVQB s'I gfjbK nkU fJ; b/ye pko/ ikD bJhJ/. VO 1 Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru was born on November 14, 1889 at Allahabad. His father Motilal Nehru was a famous Allahabad based barrister. Pandit Jawahar Lal Born: November 14, 1889 Father: Moti Lal Nehru- famous barrister Mother: Swaroop Rani Children used to call him Chacha Nehru Died: May 27, 1964 He was one of the foremost leaders of Indian freedom struggle. He had to go to jail many times in this struggle. He spent about fourteen years in jail. In jail he had written several books. The Autobiography of Jawaharlal Nehru Towards Freedom, Letters from a Father to His Daughter, Glimpses of World History, and The Discovery of India enrich the Indian literature, as do his essays, articles, speeches, and statements. • Freedom fighter • Lawyer • patriot (A better pic can be shown. It is just a sample) • Nehru was very fond of children and children used to affectionately call him Chacha Nehru.
  • PES/ENG/XII/132 • A passionate advocate of education for India's children and youth • Nehru also launched initiatives such as the provision of free milk and meals to children in order to fight malnutrition. • He set up many institutions of higher learning, including the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, the Indian Institutes of Technology and the Indian Institutes of Management. • Nationalist • Politician • Secularist He had been a famous Nationalist, wise politician and a secularist. Anchor 3 Now look at the text on the screen. I have received so much love and affection from the Indian people that nothing that I can do can repay even a small fraction of it, and indeed there can be no repayment of so precious a thing as affection. Many have been admired, some have been revered, but the affection of all the classes of the Indian people has come to me in such abundant measure that I have been overwhelmed by it. I can only express the hope that in the remaining years I may live; I shall not be unworthy of my people and their affection. To my innumerable comrades and colleagues; I owe an even deeper debt of gratitude. We have been joint partners in great undertakings and have shared the triumphs and sorrows which inevitably accompany them. ANCHOR 4 Students! You have read the text on the screen. In order to comprehend the passage properly, let’s understand the meaning of some difficult words. Revered- profoundly honoured-;BwkB fdZsk j? Abundant- plentiful- pj[s f}nkdk Overwhelmed- overcome, as with emotions or perceptual stimuli- pkr' pkr j'Dk
  • PES/ENG/XII/132 (Make animation or show pictures to make the meanings clear of the following) Inevitably -Certainly - :ehBD jh Innumerable- countless- nDfrDs Comrades- a friend or companion-;kEh Owe- pay, or render (something) in return or compensation for something Gratitude- thankfulness - nfj;kB ANCHOR 5 As you know the meanings of the difficult words so you can easily translate it into Punjabi. Let us try line by line. (Translate text into Punjabi also. Both will come on screen simultaneously) I have received so much love and affection from the Indian people that nothing that I can do can repay even a small fraction of it, and indeed there can be no repayment of so precious a thing as affection. w?~ Gkos d/ b'eK tb' p/jZd fgnko ns/ ngDkgD fwfbnk j?. db/ ftZu i' e[ZM w? ehsk j? T[j e[ZM th BjhI, ns/ n;b ftZu ;B/j torh pj[w[Zbh uh} dk nfj;kB th BjhI u[ekfJnk ik ;edk. Many have been admired, some have been revered, but the affection of all the classes of the Indian people has come to me in such abundant measure that I have been overwhelmed by it. pj[s ;kfonK B/ skohc ehsh j?, eJhnK B/ ;BwkB fdZsk j?, go Gkosh b'eK d/ jo tor tb' fdZsk frnk ;fseko fJzBQk f}nkdk j? fe w?I fJ; Bkb pkr' pkr j' frnk jK. I can only express the hope that in the remaining years I may live; I shall not be unworthy of my people and their affection.
  • PES/ENG/XII/132 w?I f;oc fJZe T[whd gqrN eo ;edk jK fe nkgD/ ihtB d/ pkeh ;kbK ftZu w?I nkgD/ b'eK dhnK T[whdK s/ yok T[soKrk. To my innumerable comrades and colleagues; I owe an even deeper debt of gratitude. We have been joint partners in great undertakings and have shared the triumphs and sorrows which inevitably accompany them. w/o/ nkgD/ nDfrDs ;kEhnk ns/ ;fj:'rhnK, d/ nDfrDs nfj;kBk d/ eo}/ j/m dZfpnk j'fJnk jK. n;h ;ko/ tZvhnk f}zw/tkohnK ftZu GkJhtkb oj/ jK, ns/ ;cbsktK ns/ d[Zy ;KM/ ehs/ jB, i' :ehBD jh fJzBQK Bkb i[V/ ofjDr/. ANCHOR 6 Now can you answer the following questions? But first have a look at the passage once again. I have received so much love and affection from the Indian people that nothing that I can do can repay even a small fraction of it, and indeed there can be no repayment of so precious a thing as affection. Many have been admired, some have been revered, but the affection of all the classes of the Indian people has come to me in such abundant measure that I have been overwhelmed by it. I can only express the hope that in the remaining years I may live; I shall not be unworthy of my people and their affection. To my innumerable comrades and colleagues; I owe an even deeper debt of gratitude. We have been joint partners in great undertakings and have shared the triumphs and sorrows which inevitably accompany them. Q. Name the writer and the lesson from which these lines have been taken. Ans. These lines have been taken from the lesson ‘Nehru’s Will and Testament’ written by Jawahar Lal Nehru. Q. What is the debt that Nehru thinks he cannot repay? Ans. Nehru thinks that he can not repay the dept of affection of the people of India. Q. What hope does Nehru express in the passage? Ans. Nehru expresses the hope of not to be unworthy of his people.
  • PES/ENG/XII/132 Q4. Match the words under column ‘A’ with their meanings given under Column ‘B’ Column A Column B Revered countless Comrades certainly Innumerable honoured Inevitably companions Let’s check the Ans. A B Revered means honoured Comrades means companions Innumerable means countless Inevitably means certainly ANCHOR 7 Students! Now let us read another passage. Try to understand what Nehru ji wants to tell in it. I wish to declare with all earnestness that I do not want any religious ceremonies performed for me after my death. I do not believe in any such ceremonies and to submit to them, even as a matter of form would be hypocrisy and an attempt to delude ourselves and others. When I die, I should like my body to be cremated. If I die in a foreign country, my body should be cremated there and my ashes sent to Allahabad. A small handful of these ashes should be thrown into the Ganga and the major portion of them disposed of in the manner indicated below. No part of these ashes should be retained or preserved.
  • PES/ENG/XII/132 Earnestness- Sober sincerity - fJwkBdkoh Hypocrisy- falseness – gkyzv, egN ftZfdnk Delude- deceive- X'yk d/Dk Ashes- powdery remains after burning- n;EhnK Retained-hold back –;zGkb e/ oZyDk Preserve-to save -–;zGkb e/ oZyDk ANCHOR 8 You know the meanings of all the difficult words. Now again read the passage. What does Nehruji wish in this passage? I wish to declare with all earnestness that I do not want any religious ceremonies performed for me after my death. I do not believe in any such ceremonies and to submit to them, even as a matter of form would be hypocrisy and an attempt to delude ourselves and others. When I die, I should like my body to be cremated. If I die in a foreign country, my body should be cremated there and my ashes sent to Allahabad. A small handful of these ashes should be thrown into the Ganga and the major portion of them disposed of in the manner indicated below. No part of these ashes should be retained or preserved The major portion of my ashes should, however, be disposed of otherwise, I want these to be carried high up into the air in an aeroplane and scattered from that height over the fields where the peasants of India toil, so that they might mingle with the dust and soil of India and become an indistinguishable part of India. ANCHOR 9 So students you must have come to know about Nehru’s will. In these lines Nehru says that no religious ceremony should be performed for him after his death.
  • PES/ENG/XII/132 If he dies in a foreign country, his body should be cremated there and his ashes should be sent to Allahabad. After throwing a handful of these ashes in the Ganga the rest of his ashes should be scattered over the fields so that they might mix with the soil of India and become an indistinguishable part of India. ANCHOR 10 Students! You have noticed that Nehru wanted a handful of his ashes to be thrown into the Ganga. Did he has some religious attachment with the Ganga? Certainly not! The Ganga had been very significant for him. Why? ftfdnkoEhU s[;hI t/fynk fe BfjoP ukj[zd/ ;B fe T[BQK d/ ;oho dh ;[nkj dh fJZe w[Zmh rzrk ftZu gkJh ikt/. eh rzrk d/ Bkb T[BQK dk e'Jh Xkofwe brkn ;h. :ehBD Bjh, rzrk ;kv/ bJh pj[s wjstg{oB j?. feT[I, Let’s read the following text and try to answer. VO 2 (SHOW PICS/ANIMATION at the background of the red area) I Ganga and the Jamna rivers in the Allahabad ever since my childhood and, as I have grown older, this attachment has also grown. I have watched their varying moods as the season changed, and have often thought of the history and myth and tradition and song and story that have become attached to them through the long ages and become part of their flowing waters. The Ganga, especially is the river of India, beloved of her people around which are interwined her racial memories, her hopes and fears, her songs of triumphs and her victories and her defeats. She changing, every-flowing, and yet even the same Ganga. (SHOW PICS/ANIMATION at the background of the red area) She reminds me of the snow-covered peaks and deep valleys of the Himalayas, which I have loved so much and of the rich and vast plains below, where my life and work have been cast. vast raring thing during the monsoon, broad=--bosomed almost as the sea, and with something of the sea’s power to destroy, the Ganga has been to me a symbol and memory of the past of the India, running into the present, and flowing on the great ocean of the future.
  • PES/ENG/XII/132 ANCHOR 11 Students! Did you enjoy the sceneries and reading the text simultaneously? I hope now you will be able to answer the questions about the significance of India. You can also get a passage to translate into Punjabi. And though I have discarded much of past tradition custom and am anxious that India should rid herself of all shackles that bind and constrain her an divide her people, and suppress vast numbers of them and prevent the free development of the body and spirit; though I seek all this, yet I do not wish to cut myself off from the past completely. jkbK fe w?I fgSbhnK otkfJsK dk ekch fsnkr ehsk j? ns/ eo fojK jK ns/ fuzss jK fe Gkos ~ T[BK ;kfonk pzXBK s'I w[es j'Dk ukjhdk j?, fizBQK dh ieV ns/ gkpzdhnK B/ b'eK ~ tzfvnk j'fJnk j?, ns/ ftFkb ;zfynk ~ dpke/ T[BK d// ;oho ns/ nkswk d/ nk}kd ftek; ~ o'fenk j'fJnk j?, GKt/ fe w?I fJj fJZSk }o{o oZydk jK, go w?I nkgD/ nkg ~ phs/ Bkb'I nbZr BjhI eoBk ukj[zdk. I am proud of that great inheritance that has been, and is, ours and I am conscious that I too, like all of us, am a link in the unbroken chain which goes back to the drawn of history in the immemorial past of India. w?~ T[; wjkB ftok;s s/ wkD j? fijVh fe ;kvh j?, ns/ w?I fJ; s'I ;[u/s jK fe w?I th ;kfonK d/ tKr nDtzvh eVh Bkb ;zpzfXs jK, fijVh fe Gkos d/ nshs dk fJfsjk; fbZyD ik ojh j?. That chain I would not break, for I treasure it and seek inspiration from it. w?I fJ; eVh ~ s'VBk BjhI ukj[zdk i' fe w?I ;zGkb e/ oZyh j? ns/ fi; sI' w?I gq/oDk b? Idk jK. And as witness of this desire of mine and as my last homage to India’s cultural inheritance, I am making this request, that a handful of my ashes be thrown into Ganga at Allahabad to be carried to the great ocean that washes India’s shore.
  • PES/ENG/XII/132 w/oh fJ; fJZSk dk fynkb eofdnK Gkosh ;fGnkukoe ftok;s bJh w/oh nk]oh FoXKibh d/ o{g ftZu w?I fJj nghb eodk jK, fe w/oh ;[nkj dh fJZe w[Zmh ~ nbkjkpkd fty/ rzrk ftZu gkfJnk ikt/, i' fe fJZe wjkB Bdh j?, ns/ Gkos d/ sZNK ~ XI'jdh j?. ANCHOR 12 Now try to give the answers of the following questions Q. Why did Nehru want his ashes to be thrown into Ganga? Mention two reasons? Ans. Nehru wants his ashes to be thrown into Ganga because (i) He has been attached to the river Ganga since his childhood. (ii) The Ganga is a symbol of India’s age-long culture and civilization. Q. What according to Nehru is the Ganga a symbol of?. Ans. The Ganga has been a symbol and memory of the past of India running into the present and flowing into the great ocean of the future. Q Why does Nehru want much of past tradition and custom to be discarded? What part of it does he want to preserve? Ans. Nehru wants much of past tradition and custom to be discarded which divide her people and suppress vast number of them and prevent the free development of the body and spirit. Q. Why did Nehru want his ashes to be scattered over the fields? Ans. Nehru wanted his ashes to be scattered over the field so that they might mingle with the dust and soil of India and become indistinguishable part of India. Q Fill in the blanks with the words or phrases given. Options are A matter of form, attached, concerned, disposed of, major, partners,
  • PES/ENG/XII/132 submit, unworthy. [i] There is a company named Mitra and Chand: Mr. Mitra and Mr. Chand are the _--------------- who own the company. [ii] Gandhiji refused to ________________ to any law which he regarded as unjust. [iii] They greet each other as __________________,thought, at heart, they have no love for each other. [iv] In his will he gave any a small part of his money for work among lepers and the blinds; but he left the ________________ portion of his money to his nephew. [v] Mr. Mehta was leaving his job in Chennai and going to settle down in his native town; so he ________________all his belongings in Chennai, selling some, and giving away the rest. [vi] “So far as I am _____________, I am willing to lend you money, but I don’t think my partner will agree”. [vii] She was deeply ______________ to her brother, and was ready to make any sacrifice for his sake. [viii] We call Gandhiji the father of the Nation, but we often feel that we have turned away from the path he showed us and that we are ________________ of him. Let’s fill the blank with the correct answers. i) Partners ii) submit iii) a matter of fact iv) major v) Dispose of vi) concerned vii) attached
  • PES/ENG/XII/132 viii)Unworthy Anchor 13 Students! I hope you have liked the episode and have learnt much to get good marks in your examination. Thanks. MASTER FILE OF SCRIPT Subject: __English Class: _____XII Topic: ____Nehru’s will and testament Script ID: ___132 Date of Receiving by PES: ______ Date of Receiving by Subject Specialist: _____ Name of Subject Specialist: ____Baljeet Kaur Tick (√ ) any one of the following: 1. Script is frozen for production. 2. (√Script is frozen for production after minor changes done at Edusat HUB. 3. Script need to freeze for production after suggested corrections to be done by Service Provider. 4. Script returned back for needy correction. Signature of the Subject Specialist Date and Time: _21-12-09 Countersigned by: Dy. Director SISE
  • PES/ENG/XII/132