Note making part i alpha


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Note making part i alpha

  1. 1. PES/ENG/IX/107 • Alpha version of file. • Pl mention all reqd changes at this stage. • Pl mark the portion reqd in Punjabi also. • Word limit- 2900 A PUNJAB EDUSAT SOCIETY PRODUCTION SUBJECT - ENGLISH CLASS - IX CHAPTER - NOTE MAKING Part I VO Montage SHOW THIS DIALOGUE CONVERSATION Show a college going girl with disturbed expression on her face. Girl on screen well what shall I do? I don’t understand. Suddenly her mother appears on screen. Mother What happened sweety? Girl mom,I am very disturbed. I can’t cope up with speed of my lecturers in college Mother be specific child Girl mom I can’t write complete notes when they talk or discuss in the class. I always miss something or the other and you know it is not school that you can complete your work later. Here once class is over everyone gets busy with something or other. Mother I don’t understand why you are so disturbed? Haven’t you learnt NOTE MAKING in your school? Why don’t you use that? Girl Yes mom how can I forget that. It is the easiest method to write with all short forms and abbreviations. Wow mom you are great, you are genius. You have solved my problem so easily. THANK YOU. -1-
  2. 2. PES/ENG/IX/107 ANCHOR Good morning students, how are you doing? You just now observed the conversation between mother and daughter. Well, today students, we all face this difficulty of writing notes in a less span of time. So let’s learn about our new writing topic called NOTE MAKING. Do you know its meaning? Well note making is when you return to some text and make notes on them. This means you annotate them, put things into your own words or summarise them and highlight key points. Do you have an idea of the meaning of note taking? Note-taking is when you are reading or hearing something for the first time and you are trying to jot down the key information so you can use it later. It’s simple! But we are going to study note making today. Let us see our learning objectives first. LEARNING OBJECTIVES This lesson will enable students • To identify why it is important to have note-taking skills. • To differentiate between note-taking and note-making. • To recognize that there are different ways of taking effective notes. ANCHOR So students note making is something which will be of great help to you in future too. Let us see how it is done. What is the purpose of taking notes? By making notes you actively process and interpret ideas and information. These aids concentration and understanding so you learn more. Are they of any help? Yes they are of great help. Notes help you to • prepare and plan assignments and projects by helping you identify main points and organise your ideas into a logical order. • At exam time, you won't be able to re-read lots of books, so notes will provide a concise record of information for you to revise from. Is there any special method to make notes? -2-
  3. 3. PES/ENG/IX/107 Yes there is a way which we are going to study but Notes are for your own use, so devise your own system for making notes and organising them. Well students let us see the way. VO WITH TEXT ON SCREEN • First of all be very careful in reading of your text. First reading should be very careful with deep understanding. • In the second reading underline the key points or main ideas. Let us see one example Exercise 1 Read the following text and make notes. Now remember while reading underline the main points to. VO WITH TEXT ON SCREEN COFFEE AND ITS PROCESSING The coffee plant, an evergreen shrub or small tree of African origin, begins to produce fruit 3 or 4 years after being planted. The fruit is hand-gathered when it is fully ripe and a reddish purple in colour. The ripened fruits of the coffee shrubs are processed where they are produced to separate the coffee seeds from their covering and from the pulp. Two different techniques are in use: a wet process and a dry process. The wet process First the fresh fruit is pulped by a pulping machine. Some pulp still clings to the coffee, however, and this residue is removed by fermentation in tanks. The few remaining traces of pulp are then removed by washing. The coffee seeds are then dried to a moisture content of about 12 per cent either by exposure to the sun or by hot- air driers. If dried in the sun, they must be turned by hand several times a day for even drying. The dry process In the dry process the fruits are immediately placed to dry either in the sun or in hot-air driers. Considerably more time and equipment is needed for drying than in the wet process. When the fruits have been dried to a water content of about 12 per cent the seeds are mechanically freed from their coverings. The characteristic aroma and taste of coffee only appear later and are developed by the high temperatures to which they are subjected during the course of the process known as roasting. Temperatures are raised progressively to about 220-230�C. The -3-
  4. 4. PES/ENG/IX/107 seeds become rich brown in colour; their texture becomes porous and crumbly under pressure. But the most important phenomenon of roasting is the appearance of the characteristic aroma of coffee, which arises from very complex chemical transformations within the beans. The coffee, on leaving the industrial roasters, is rapidly cooled in a vat where it is stirred and subjected to cold air propelled by a blower. Good quality coffees are then sorted by electronic sorters and sent to the market for being sold. ANCHOR Now see in our first reading we have underlined only key points of the passage on production of coffee and its processing. Now let us see how to make notes from it. There is a way to do it. Please follow these rules that are coming on the screen. VO WITH TEXT ON SCREEN Structure and organisation • Always write a heading or title to your notes. • Your topic may have a number of equally important sections with some minor sub-divisions so you need to use sub-headings. • Write notes in a logical order to show how ideas are related or how themes developed. • Use letters or numbers to show the order of your notes - either main points to minor points (structure) or first event to • One of the most important jobs of good note making is highlighting these key words and main points ANCHOR So now we arrange important sections as like this Side a will be read by super and side b by anchor SIDE A SIDE B Heading COFFEE AND ITS PROCESSING Main point details on coffee -4-
  5. 5. PES/ENG/IX/107 Sub division two diff techniques Sub heading wet and dry process etc Other points aroma and taste After roasting Colour Rich brown Students remember side a is not written while making notes. Our next key thing to remember is When taking notes in class you won't have much time to write, so develop your own 'shorthand' using abbreviations and symbols. The following abbreviations could be useful for example • i.e. that is • + and • = equals • NB note well • % percentage • etc and so on • et al. and others (for second and subsequent author • < less than  greater than • therefore • a/c account • n/a not applicable -5-
  6. 6. PES/ENG/IX/107 Yes students when making notes we do not write complete words we use short forms and abbreviation Like in the above notes we should have written Heading COFFEE AND ITS PROCESSING Main point details on coffee Sub division two diff techs Sub heading wet and dry process etc Other points aroma and taste After roastg Colr Rich brown So did you see it appears to be almost doing rough work but it is done in a proper manner. SUPER Are there any more points to keep in mind? ANCHOR Yes there are. • Underline important points once, • very important points twice. • Use CAPITAL LETTERS • Draw boxes around the keywords • Draw an asterisk next to the main idea* • Go over the important points with a highlighter pen • Abbreviations -6-
  7. 7. PES/ENG/IX/107 Always remember these points. So your final notes of the above passage will look like this VO WITH TEXT ON SCREEN COFFEE AND ITS PROCESSING 1. coffee plant • evergreen shrub / small tree • from Africa • fruits after 3/4 years • fruit - red/purple • gathered by hand 2. processed to separate seeds from covering 3. two processes used A.wet process fruit pulped by machine fermentation in tanks washing ` seeds dried to 12% moisture ` ` by sun or hot air driers need to be turned by hand B. dry process dried immediately in sun or with driers when dried to 12% seeds freed from coverings 3.roasting at 220-230 oC -7-
  8. 8. PES/ENG/IX/107 releases gases etc – loss of weight, increases volume, 4.aroma and taste develop 5.become rich brown in colour, 6.texture becomes porous 7.finally sorted. ANCHOR So students this is how note making is done. This is not very difficult. The only thing to keep in mind is careful reading of the passage. There are few more abbreviations which you can use. These few examples will help you in giving you clear picture how you can abbreviate the words. Here are they VO WITH TEXT ON SCREEN • c.f. (confer) = compare • i.e. (id est) = that is • e.g (exempla grate) = for example • NB (nota benne) =note well • no. (numero) = number • etc. (et cetera)= and so on ANCHOR Here you can shorten any word that is commonly used in your lectures VO WITH TEXT ON SCREEN a) In chemistry: Au for gold Mg for magnesium -8-
  9. 9. PES/ENG/IX/107 b) Some common ones are diff =different Gov = government c) NE In the case of quantities and concepts, these are represented by Greek letters in many fields. A or a (alpha) B or b (beta) C = necessary ANCHOR Well students these were some key points for your understanding. Well let us now see few examples to understand it further. First read this passage carefully. VO WITH TEXT ON SCREEN There are three types of American rice.long grain is slender and the grain remain separate when is suited to main dishes,salads and soups. Medium grain is plumper then long grain and more tender when cooked.short grain is almost round;;the grains stick together when cooked. Rice is also classified according to the ways, it is processed.brown rice retain the bran and germ (and therefore more nutrient); par boiled rice and converted rice is soaked, steamed ,and dried before milling. It retains more nutrients then white rice but takes five to ten minutes longer to cook. Precooked white rice is cooked and dehydrated after milling and needs little cooking. ANCHOR Re-read the passage and then underline the key points. (For MM) Underline the words written in bold VO WITH TEXT ON SCREEN NOTE : never talk or mention any example given in the passage in your notes. Let us make notes now. Classification of rice -9-
  10. 10. PES/ENG/IX/107 a. How it looks Long grain slender Med grain tender when cooked Short grain round b. How it is processed Brown rice retains bran & germs Parboiled rice soaked, steamed & dried Precooked white rice cooked & dehydrated ANCHOR SO STUDENTS IT WAS SIMPLE. Well how many of you eat rice? I think almost everyone. So did you notice how many types of rice are there and how they are made? See English subject is giving you so much of general knowledge too. Well students listen to this conversation between Raj and Sunny. (show two boys on screen) Raj; sunny have you ever worked on computer? Sunny ofcourse Raj, definitely. But why are you asking? Raj well actually yesterday when I was writing mail to my sister in London ,I realized one thing, the shorthand type of writing which we use on net is actually something which our English teacher was trying to teach us in notemaking. Isn’t it? Sunny oh yes, she is asking us to use short forms only. So now whenever we have to make notes we have to remember that as if we are writing on computer. Raj yes sunny. You are absolutely right. Sunny well thank you Raj for this great connectivity. ANCHOR - 10 -
  11. 11. PES/ENG/IX/107 Well students I hope by now you must have understood What is note making? How it is done? Why it is done? SUMMARY • Note taking is an important academic task that helps you to remember what you have learnt and helps you to review materials for re-use in revision and assignments. • It is important that you are critical when note taking and that you only write or draw what you will need later on, and that you record the information in a format that is easy to understand. • You should look out for clues about what is important. • The lecturer or author will organise his or her material in a logical way so try to utilise their organisational skills when note taking. • When taking notes you might like to try different study techniques such as the SQ3R approach or you might like to use a more visual approach such as a spray diagram. • And most importantly, after taking effective notes, it is important to organise and store your notes effectively. Effective note taking should reduce your study time, should increase your retention of knowledge, and should provide you with a summarised list of resources for your future projects. Anchor Children, we now come to the end of our module on Note making Part I. See you soon again with another module on Note making. But before that, Happy Learning and hope you will go back and try to make notes, following the rules you learnt today. Remember children, to recall is very important! Good day. - 11 -
  12. 12. PES/ENG/IX/107 ALPHA STAGE OF SCRIPT Subject: _________________________________, Class: ________________________ Topic: _________________________________________________________________ Script ID: ______________________________________________________________ Date of Receiving by PES: ________________________________________________ Date of Receiving by Subject Specialist: ____________________________________ Name of Subject Specialist: _______________________________________________ Tick (√ ) any one of the following: 1. This Script is approved and frozen for Production. 2. Necessary corrections in the Script are suggested and submitted back to Service Provider for making its Beta file. - 12 -
  13. 13. PES/ENG/IX/107 Signature of the Subject Specialist Date and Time: _______________ Countersigned by: Dy. Director SISE Submitted to Service Providers Date _____________________. - 13 -
  14. 14. PES/ENG/IX/107 - 14 -