Ix tenses 3
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  • 1. PES/ENG/IX/012 • This is FINAL version file. • Pl mark the portion reqd in Punjabi. • Total word count - 1995 A PUNJAB EDUSAT SOCIETY PRODUCTION CLASS : IX SUBJECT : ENGLISH TOPIC : TENSES (PART III) ANCHOR-1: Welcome to the last module on Tenses. We shall now move on to the Future Tense. Let us quickly have a look at our Learning Objectives for this session. Till now we have talked about the Present tense, which talked about ‘now’; then we talked about Past Tense, which talked about ’then’ or the past ,that is already over. Let’s now get ready to learn about ’Future’ tense, or something that’s going to happen. SUPER Learning Objective MM-1- Show the sketch, IMAGE-1, before the txt and VO, with simple music in the background as a welcome image for 3secs. 1
  • 2. PES/ENG/IX/012 IMAGE-1 After this session, you will be able to  Define future tense and give examples  List the four types of Future tense  Identify the type of future tense in a given sentence  Describe the structure for each type of future tense  Use the different types of future tense correctly in spoken and written form SUPER FOUR TYPES OF FUTURE TENSE -VO with Text on Screen The four types of future tense are-  Future Indefinite Tense  Future Continuous Tense  Future Perfect Tense  Future Perfect Continuous Tense SUPER Simple Future/Future Indefinite Tense ANCHOR-2: 2
  • 3. PES/ENG/IX/012 The Future Indefinite tense is used to denote a single action in the future. SUPER How do we make the Simple Future Tense? VO with Text on Screen and the images.Blink the dialogues as the text is spoken on the VO. The structure of the simple indefinite future tense is: Subject + will/shall + MV1 ‘Shall’ goes with ‘I’ and ‘We’ With all other forms of the subject, ’will’ is used as the helping verb. For example: IIMAGE II mo Af sle t I sh te ep to all her. rf hel oo pm y d Iw ill go . The boy will win the race. He will go by train. For negative sentences in the Future Indefinite tense, we insert ‘not’ between the auxiliary verb and the main verb. For question sentences, we exchange the subject and helping verb. Look at these example sentences with the Future Indefinite tense. subject helping verb main verb 3
  • 4. PES/ENG/IX/012 + I shall open the door. + You will finish before me. - She will not be at school tomorrow. - We shall not leave yet. ? Will you arrive on time? ? Will they want dinner? When we use the simple future tense in speaking, we often contract the subject and auxiliary verb: I will I'll you will you'll he will he'll she will she'll it will it'll we shall we'll they will they'll For negative sentences in the simple future tense, we contract with won't, like this: I will not I won't you will not you won't he will not he won't she will not she won't it will not it won't we will not we won't they will not they won't 4
  • 5. PES/ENG/IX/012 ANCHOR-3 Let’s now learn how to use the Future indefinite Tense. SUPER How do we use the Future Indefinite Tense? Text on screen with VO, Along with Image II. No Plan We use the Future Indefinite tense when there is no plan or decision to do something before we speak. We make the decision spontaneously at the time of speaking. Look at these examples: • Hold on. I'll get a pen. • We shall see what we can do to help you. • Maybe we'll stay in and watch television tonight. In these examples, we had no firm plan before speaking. The decision is made at the time of speaking. MM-II-----The image II to be shown, with the dialogue blinking with the text, as it is read. We often use the simple future tense with the verb to think before it: • I think I shall go to the gym tomorrow. • I think I shall have a holiday with my family next year I don't think I'll buy I think I shall go for a holiday with my family, next year. that car. IMAGE-II 5
  • 6. PES/ENG/IX/012 Prediction We often use the Indefinite Future tense to make a prediction about the future. Again, there is no firm plan. We are saying what we think will happen. Here are some examples: • It will rain tomorrow. • People won't go to Jupiter before the 22nd century. • Who do you think will get the job? Be When the main verb is be, we can use the Future Indefinite tense even if we have a firm plan or decision before speaking. Examples: • I shall be in Delhi tomorrow. • I'm going shopping. I won't be very long. • Will you be at work tomorrow? MM-III: What do you plan to do with your bonus? 6
  • 7. PES/ENG/IX/012 SUPER The Future Continuous Tense SUPER How do we make the future continuous tense? VO with Text on Screen The structure of the future continuous tense is: Subject + will be/shall be + main verb + ing. Eg.I shall be working tomorrow. We shall be playing football ,tomorrow. For negative sentences in the future continuous tense, we insert ‘not’ between ‘will’ and ‘be’. For question sentences, we exchange the subject and’ will.’ Look at these example sentences with the future continuous tense: subject helping verb helping verb main verb + I shall be working at 10am. + You will be lying on a beach tomorrow. - She will not be using the car. - We shall not be having dinner at home. ? Will you be playing football? ? Will they be watching TV? When we use the future continuous tense in speaking, we often contract the subject and will: I shall I'll you will you'll 7
  • 8. PES/ENG/IX/012 he will he'll she will she'll it will it'll we will we'll they will they'll For spoken negative sentences in the future continuous tense, we contract with won't, like this: I will not I won't you will not you won't he will not he won't she will not she won't it will not it won't we will not we won't they will not they won't MM IV. Animated picture to be shown with sentence, as it is spoken by VO. I will be playing Football. SUPER 8
  • 9. PES/ENG/IX/012 How do we use the Future Continuous Tense? ANCHOR-4 The future continuous tense expresses action at a particular moment in the future. The action will start before that moment but it will not have finished at that moment. For example,’ Tomorrow I shall start work at 2pm and stop it at 6pm:’ At 4pm tomorrow, I will be working. past present future 4pm At 4pm, I shalll be in the middle of working. When we use the future continuous tense, our listener usually knows or understands what time we are talking about. Look at these examples: VO with Text on Screen • Ishall be playing tennis at 10am tomorrow. • They won't be watching TV at 9pm tonight. • What will you be doing at 10pm tonight? • What will you be doing when I arrive? • She will not be sleeping when you telephone her. • We shall be having dinner when the film starts. • Take your umbrella. It will be raining when you return. ANCHOR-5 The future perfect tense is quite an easy tense to understand and use. The future perfect tense talks about the past in the future .It denotes an action that will have been completed at some point of time in the future. Eg.We shall have finished the program by that time. I shall have left for Mumbai when you come tomorrow. SUPER 9
  • 10. PES/ENG/IX/012 How do we make the Future Perfect Tense VO with Text on Screen SUPER The structure of the future perfect tense is: Subject + helping verb ‘will’ /’shall’ +main verb ‘have’ + MV3 Eg.I will have finished by 10 a.m. Look at these example sentences in the future perfect tense: subject helping verb Helping verb main verb + I shall have finished by 10am. + You will have forgotten me by then. - She will not have gone to school. - We shall not have left. ? Will you have arrived? ? Will they have received it? In speaking with the future perfect tense, we often contract the subject and will. Sometimes, we contract the subject, will and have all together: I will have I'll have I'll've you will have you'll have you'll've he will have he'll have he'll've she will have she'll have she'll've it will have it'll have it'll've we will have we'll have we'll've they will have they'll have they'll've 10
  • 11. PES/ENG/IX/012 : SUPER The Future Perfect Continuous Tense SUPER How do we make the Future Perfect Continuous Tense VO with Text on Screen The structure of the future perfect continuous tense is: Subject + will/shall + have been +main verb base+ing. For negative sentences in the future perfect continuous tense, we insert not between will and have. For question sentences, we exchange the subject and will. Look at these example sentences with the future perfect continuous tense: subject helpingverb helping helping main verb verb verb + I shall have been working for four hours. + You will have been travelling for two days. - She will not have been using the car. - We shall not have been waiting long. ? Will you have been playing football? ? Will they have been watching TV? When we use the future perfect continuous tense in speaking, we often contract the subject and auxiliary verb: Ishall I'll you will you'll 11
  • 12. PES/ENG/IX/012 he will he'll she will she'll it will it'll we will we'll they will they'll For negative sentences in the future perfect continuous tense, we contract with won't, like this: I will not I won't you will not you won't he will not he won't she will not she won't it will not it won't we will not we won't they will not they won't SUPER How do we use the Future Perfect Continuous Tense? ANCHOR-6 We use the future perfect continuous tense to talk about a long action before some point in the future. Look at these examples: • I will have been working here for ten years next week. • He will be tired when he arrives. He will have been travelling for 24 hours. That was the end of our session on Tenses. I now take leave but you need to still wait for a quick recap and a small quiz on Future Tense. Best of Luck! SUPER Summary- Summing up this module, let’s see it diagrammatically. 12
  • 13. PES/ENG/IX/012 MM-IV----The diagram to be shown, as the VO goes on, popping up each text box, as it is spoken on VO. IMAGE-IV. FUTURE TENSE FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE —denotes an action FUTURE INDEFINITE that will have been TENSE—Used to going on, at or before denote a single action some point of time in in the future the future. FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE- FUTURE PERFECT TENSE-denotes an denotes an action that will be action that will have been completed at going on at some time in the some point of time in the future. future. • The Future Tense is used to speak of the events that have yet to take place. • The four types of future tense are Future Indefinite Tense I will do Future Continuous Tense I will be doing 13
  • 14. PES/ENG/IX/012 Future Perfect Tense I will have done Future Perfect Continuous Tense I will have been doing SUPER The Future Tense Quiz VO with Text on Screen Find the correct tenses. (Show one sentence and display the answer after 2 seconds.) • They are riding a bike. Ans Present Continuous • She looked at a picture. Ans Past Indefinite • We often take photos. Ans Present indefinite • I have just had a cup of tea. Ans Present perfect • Ali will learn French next year. Ans Future Indefinite • Yesterday Amma didn't listen to music. Ans Past Indefinite • She is going to tidy up the room. Ans Future Continuous • Vinay always sends text messages. Ans Present Indefinite • Kaan is making breakfast now. Ans Present Continuous • Have you ever been to Africa? Ans Past perfect tense. 14
  • 15. PES/ENG/IX/012 Anchor-7 Hope you enjoyed the quiz and most of you have done well. Have a good Day!!! This script has been reviewed by - ------------------------------- Signature - ---------------------------------------------------- Date - ---------------------------------------------------- 15