Eng modals ix_part i
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Eng modals ix_part i






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Eng modals ix_part i Eng modals ix_part i Document Transcript

  • PES/ENG/IX/014 • File for Beta Evaluation. • Mark the portion to be delivered in Punjabi also. • Word count - 2040 A PUNJAB EDUSAT SOCIETY PRODUCTION SUBJECT: ENGLISH CLASS: IX CHAPTER: MODALS PART I INTRODUCTION: CUT TO ANCHOR 1 (Voice Over) Reena and Shipra are through with their final exams and are feeling greatly relieved. They meet at Reena’s house and make plans for a trip out of Delhi during summer holidays. CUT TO MM1 (Show images/visuals along with voice over highlighting the letters written in bold) Reena: I am so happy the exams are over. Shipra: Yes I am also tension free now. Reena: Shall we plan a trip together during vacation? Shipra: Vow! That would be an excellent idea. Where should we go? -1-
  • PES/ENG/IX/014 Reena: We may go to Darjeeling. Shipra: I don’t want to go there. It must be raining hard at this time of the year. Reena: O.K. Then where would you like to go? Shall we go to Shimla? Shipra: I would love to be there. Reena: But the weather is pretty cool there especially during nights. You should carry some woolens. Shipra: Reena, how shall we get there? Reena: We can go up to Kalka by train. From Kalka we may reach Shimla by a small train. We can also hire a taxi. CUT TO MM 2 (Show images along with Voice over highlighting the letters written in bold ink.) Listen to this dialogue between Rakesh and Nagesh: Rakesh: Can I speak to Atul? Nagesh: I am sorry. He is not at home. Rakesh: When shall he return home? Nagesh: He will be home after half an hour. Rakesh: Could you please deliver this message to him? Nagesh: Yes I will. Rakesh: Tell him that he must reach Chatrasaal Stadium on coming Sunday for a hockey match at 10.00 a.m. The match will start at 11.00 a.m. He should come in school sports’ uniform. He must carry his -2-
  • PES/ENG/IX/014 Identity Card with him as well. Nagesh: I will certainly convey your messages. Rakesh: Thank you. CUT TO MM3 CUT TO ANCHOR 1 (Voice over along with the text on screen highlighting the underlined words/phrases) • Good Morning, Friends. You have just watched two visuals on the screen. You must have noticed that a number of auxiliaries were used by the speakers during their conversation. But they were not doing the work of auxiliaries. They were used to express the mode of action denoted by the verb. They are called MODALS. Modals are a special kind of helping verb that do not show tense and do not follow subject/verb agreement. Today’s topic of our discussion is MODALS. But before proceeding further we need to revise ‘principal ‘verbs, ‘helping verbs’, and ‘auxiliaris’. This will make our learning objectives more clear to you and you will understand ‘modals’ better. • Main Verbs are those words, without which no sentence is complete. Eg . is, are, was , has, have ,had etc. Use: He Vinay.(wrong) We books.(wrong) He is Vinay. ( Right.) We have books.(right.) I a small bell.( wrong.) She a box.(wrong) I have a small bell.(right.) She has a box.(right.) • Helping verbs’or’ Modal Auxiliaries’ are those words which are used to supplement The correct use of the main ‘action word’ or ‘verb’. The sentence sounds wrong without the use of these ‘helping verbs’ -3-
  • PES/ENG/IX/014 Eg. am, being, did. Use: He climbing the wall.(wrong) I not eating food.(wrong) He is climbing the wall.(right.) I am not eating food.(right) These girls rewarded for doing well.(wrong) These girls are being rewarded for doing well.(right.) I not do this.(wrong) This book read by you?(wrong) I did not do this.(right) Has this book been read by you?(right) MAIN LEARNING OBJECTIVES: (Voice over as per screen text to appear one by one) It is desired that after discussing about modals in detail our students shall be able: • To differentiate between Modals and helping verbs when they are used in sentences, • To make use of appropriate modals to denote the mode of an action in a sentence, • To understand that modals are always followed by the present form of the main verb, • To understand that modals do not change according to the number or person of the subject as is the case with the helping verbs. • To use correct modal to express request, command, possibility, permission, ability, determination etc. NOTE: All the auxiliary verbs except ‘be’, ‘do’, and ‘have’ are used as modals. Modal Auxiliaries are: can, could, may, might, will, would, shall, should must, ought to, need, used to, dare -4-
  • PES/ENG/IX/014 CUT TO ANCHOR 3 (Voice over along with highlighted text to appear one by one on the screen.) Friends, as stated earlier, modals are in fact auxiliaries but they state the mode of action expressed by the main verb. Let us discuss them one by one: (Show the screen text as per voice over) 1. SHALL Generally, ‘shall’ is used with I person to denote an action in future time. But as a modal, it is used to express promise, intention, threat, command, wish and assurance. It is generally used with II and III person. EXAMPLES: (Show images along with the screen text as per V O highlighting the bold words.) • You shall be punished for crossing the red light at the crossing. (An example of ‘Threat’) • You shall finish this work today by 4o’clock. (Compulsion) • He shall not go out without returning your money. (Command) • Shall he go now? (Do you wish him to go?) • You shall have a medal if you win. (Promise) -5-
  • PES/ENG/IX/014 2. WILL (Show the screen text as per voice over with visuals/animation wherever possible. Highlight the words written in bold ink.) Generally, ‘will’ is used with II and III person in Future Indefinite Tense as a helping verb. But this auxiliary is used with I person as a Modal to express a wish, intention, determination and willingness. EXAMPLES: ‘Will’ used as a helping verb; • He will leave for Bombay tomorrow. • She will play tennis in the evening. ‘Will’ used as a Modal; • I will help you. (Promise) • We will not surrender before the enemies---come what may! (Determination) • I will lend you my pen. (Willingness) • I will punish you, if you come late again. (Threat) • We will visit the Taj Mahal next week. (Expressing ‘wish’) • Will you open the window? (‘Request’-- It means--- Please open the window) 3. CAN -6-
  • PES/ENG/IX/014 Can is used as a principal verb (Modal) to express ability’, power. It is also used to seek/grant permission. Sometimes, it is also used to describe somebody’s nature. (Show the screen text as per voice over with visuals/animation wherever possible. Highlight the words written in bold ink.) EXAMPLES: • I can read and write English. (expressing ‘ability’) • I can beat you in the race. (expressing ‘ability’) • Can I go to watch a movie tonight? (seeking ‘permission’) • Yes you can. (granting ‘permission’) • They cannot play hockey in that park. (permission not granted) • He can be rude to you. (Showing ‘nature’) • I can lift this heavy box. (I have the ‘power’) CUT TO ANCHOR 4 4. SHOULD ‘Should’, as the past form of ‘shall’, is used to express duty, obligation, disapproval of something done in the past, supposition, advise, purpose, lest (negative purpose) determination, willingness etc. (Voice over along with highlighted screen text. Show images wherever possible. Highlight the words written in bold ink.) -7-
  • PES/ENG/IX/014 EXAMPLES: ‘Should’, as a helping verb, is used to express past form of the verb; • He said that Urvashi should attend the office on Saturday. • She said that I should leave for Bombay next week. ‘Should’ used as modal; • You should obey the orders of your officers. (Expresses ‘duty’) • You should help the weak students of your class. (Expressing ‘necessity’) • If you want to succeed, you should work hard. (‘advice’) • Walk fast lest you should miss the train. (Otherwise you will not be able to catch the train.) • Should you go there, meet my friend, Ankur. (‘supposition’) • If it should rain, the school will remain closed. (‘possibility’) • Do you think she should go? (seeking ‘advise’) 5. WOULD ‘Would’ is the past form of the auxiliary ‘will’. As a modal, it is used to express past habit, wish, determination, polite speech and an unreal condition. (Voice over along with highlighted screen text. Show images wherever possible. Highlight the words written in bold ink.) -8-
  • PES/ENG/IX/014 EXAMPLES: ‘Would’ used as a helping verb; • He told me that he would buy a scooter. • I told Ritu that she would get all help from me. ‘Would’ used as a modal; • Would you mind waiting here until I return? (‘Polite request’) • I would go there if I were allowed to. (Expressing ‘condition’) • Would that I were rich! (But Alas! I am not rich.) • Karan would like to go to the library. (‘wish’) • Would you take a cup of coffee? (‘polite request’) • My father would take a short nap after lunch. (‘past habit’) CUT TO ANCHOR5 6. COULD ‘Could’, the past form of ‘can’, is used to denote ability, possibility, capacity, request, and for seeking/granting permission. (Voice over along with highlighted screen text. Show images wherever possible. Highlight the words written in bold ink.) EXAMPLES: -9-
  • PES/ENG/IX/014 ‘Could’ used as a helping verb; • The Principal told me that I could attend the summer classes. • I asked him if he could help me. ‘Could’ used as a modal; • The doctor said that the patient could recover. (‘Possibility’) • Could I have that Dictionary, please? (‘Seeking permission’) • He told Renu that she could use his pen. (‘Granting permission’) • The box was so heavy that I could not lift it. (‘Showing inability’) • Could I see the patient? (‘Request’) CUT TO ANCHOR5 Friends, we have come to the end of today’s episode on MODALS. But we have not finished the topic as yet.. There are still a few more modals about which we shall discuss in the next episode. I hope, this episode has given you a clear picture as to how, under different conditions, particular modals are used. But before we say ‘good bye’ to you, here is an interesting classroom game, which will make you practice the ’modals’ that you have learnt today.Your Teacher will guide you while playing the game. Name of the game-----------‘SPINNING IDEAS.’ Modals to be used and practiced—can, can’t,should, shouldn’t,have to,don’t have to. - 10 -
  • PES/ENG/IX/014 Objectives of the game: To practice the use of the ‘modals’ taught today. Things reqd. for the game:Board as shown, to be photocopied as per requirement of the class number, and a ‘dice’ used for playing Ludo. MODALS don’t have to 1 can should 6 2 shouldn’t can’t 5 3 have to 4 - 11 -
  • PES/ENG/IX/014 IMPORTANT NOTE: PLEASE PUT THE TWO CIRCLES ON ONE SINGLE BOARD, BEFORE DISTRIBUTING IT TO THE PAIRS OF STUDENTS. SITUATIONS While Playing 1 On a HolidayAt Home 6 2 While doing In School Class work. 5 3 In the Library 4 How to play the Game: Divide the class into Two teams.Let them be named as Team A and Team B.Put both the team members into PAIRS. Each team should keep a player as score recorder and another member as time regulator, who will regulate the time of the team. - 12 -
  • PES/ENG/IX/014 Team ‘A’ and Team’ B’ take turns in spinning the dice and to know the modal they have to use along with the corresponding situation written for the same number in the situation circle.. Eg. If the dice has shown 4 then the modal for the pair of students is ’have to’ and the corresponding situation is ‘In the Library.’ Now they will make as many sentences they can using the given situation and the corresponding modal, In a time that is decided by the teacher. Eg. We have to be quiet in the Library. In the Library we have to read the books. When coming out of the library, we have to issue the books. In this way, both the teams take turns, alternatively, till all the pairs have got a chance.The score for each team is added in the end and whichever team gets more is the Winner!! Hope you enjoyed playing the game. Thank you and have a good day. This script has been reviewed by - ------------------------------- Signature - ---------------------------------------------------- Date - ---------------------------------------------------- - 13 -
  • PES/ENG/IX/014 - 14 -