Weimar Germany
     1919- 1933
Weimar Germany
     1919- 1933
By Keila Munz and Alex Salvatore
Versailles Treaty
             Drafted by Britain
             (George), France
             (Clemenceau), Italy
         ...
tan- annexed by neighboring countries after WWI
      Green- taken by the League of Nations
        red- Weimar Republic 1...
Weimar Constitution
 Drafted by the National Assembly of Germany

 Turned Germany into a parliamentary [Reichstag]
 Democr...
Berlin Culture
Development of German
Expressionism

Developed architecture,
literature, film, painting,
music, philosophy, ...
German expressionism
art movement reflected in many different types of media

demonstrates a distorted reality as well as a...
Bauhaus Architecture
 The Bauhaus school of architecture was
 founded in weimar in 1919

 Founded by walter Gropius

 one ...
Literature
Bertolt Brecht (1898-1956)- poet,
playwright, and theatrical performer

developed epic theater form of drama

a...
literature continued
Thomas Mann

  german essayist, cultural critic and
  novelist


  won nobel prize for literature in ...
film
Like in Art, Berlin became the world leader
in cinema. It made more films in the 1920s
than all of Europe put together
...
Dadaism
anti-art movement

rejected the way art
was appreciated and
defined in
contemporary art
scenes

started in switzerl...
Music
Liszt School of music- first orchestral school in Germany founded
in 1872


Kurt Weill- prominent Jewish composer- co...
Wall Street Crash-1929
 help trigger the collapse of the world economy


   world trade and industrial production dropped ...
Unemployment
     German                              shot up. By
   businesses
                                          ...
Inflation
 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hfSDPY5rYZE
the Rise of the Nazis
once the stock market crashed, people began to blame the
weimar government

  they began to look at ...
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The Weimar Republic.pdf

  1. 1. Weimar Germany 1919- 1933
  2. 2. Weimar Germany 1919- 1933 By Keila Munz and Alex Salvatore
  3. 3. Versailles Treaty Drafted by Britain (George), France (Clemenceau), Italy (Orlando), and the US (Wilson) Germany lost land creation of “mandates” was forced to pay for war reparations, “war guilt”
  4. 4. tan- annexed by neighboring countries after WWI Green- taken by the League of Nations red- Weimar Republic 1919-1933
  5. 5. Weimar Constitution Drafted by the National Assembly of Germany Turned Germany into a parliamentary [Reichstag] Democracy whose members were elected by the people President Freidrich Ebert monitered the Reichstag
  6. 6. Berlin Culture Development of German Expressionism Developed architecture, literature, film, painting, music, philosophy, psychology and fashion The humboldt university of Berlin was the center of intellectual activity in Germany, Europe and the World Albert Einstein worked for the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute of Physics
  7. 7. German expressionism art movement reflected in many different types of media demonstrates a distorted reality as well as a depiction the artists mental state of being three subdivisions of the movement were the “die Brucke”, the “blaue reiter”, and the Rhenish Expressionists Die Brucke- influenced by Freudian theories, create art to challenge the accepted taste Blaue Reiter- disdained every principle of the die brucke, portrayed the world as it existed The Rhenish Expressionists- thoughts and ideas best portayed through form, people had become a collective group of individuals who fell to the mercy of their society and its politics
  8. 8. Bauhaus Architecture The Bauhaus school of architecture was founded in weimar in 1919 Founded by walter Gropius one of the main goals was to renew architecture and develop creative minds for architecture and industry means “the building of the future” motto: “art and technology-a new unity”
  9. 9. Literature Bertolt Brecht (1898-1956)- poet, playwright, and theatrical performer developed epic theater form of drama attended Ludwig maximilian University of Munich studies Karl Marx’s, later adapted Communist beliefs his books and plays were banned from germany in the 1930’s went into exile and didn’t return to germany until after WWII
  10. 10. literature continued Thomas Mann german essayist, cultural critic and novelist won nobel prize for literature in 1929 Buddenbrooks-1901- most famous work Der Kleine Herr Friedmann- 1898 influenced by Schopenhauer and Nietzsche called German intellectuals to support the new weimar state “all Quiet on the Western Front” by Erich Maria remarque-1924
  11. 11. film Like in Art, Berlin became the world leader in cinema. It made more films in the 1920s than all of Europe put together Fritz Lang- “Master of Darkness” his most famous films are metropolis and M Joseph von Sternberg- had influence on the film noir period and is known for his mastery of the mise-en-scene, lighting and the soft lens collaborated with Marlene Dietrich
  12. 12. Dadaism anti-art movement rejected the way art was appreciated and defined in contemporary art scenes started in switzerland George Grosz- savage caricature drawings of 1920s berlin- beginning of political cartoons- associated with the left wing
  13. 13. Music Liszt School of music- first orchestral school in Germany founded in 1872 Kurt Weill- prominent Jewish composer- collaborated with Bertolt Brecht on the Beggar’s Opera and The Seven Deadly Sins ballet Otto Klemperer- Jewish composer and conductor- fled Germany in 1933 and became music director of the LA Philharmonic
  14. 14. Wall Street Crash-1929 help trigger the collapse of the world economy world trade and industrial production dropped dramatically under the Dawes plan, the US provided loans to germany, when the US economy crashed, so did the German economy Weimar government increased taxes and lowered wages of government officials which only made things worse
  15. 15. Unemployment German shot up. By businesses 1932 closed down as unemployment loans were figures stood repaid and trade at a missive 6 dramatically million slumped The Depression Millions of Germans became homeless, and set up camps on the outskirts of towns. They became reliant on charity food and soup kitchens
  16. 16. Inflation http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hfSDPY5rYZE
  17. 17. the Rise of the Nazis once the stock market crashed, people began to blame the weimar government they began to look at the Nazi party who promised hope earlier attempted to overthrow the government in the Beer Hall Putsch of 1923 in 1933 the Nazis were the biggest Political party in Germany later that year, hitler was elected Chancellor of Germamy By the end of 1933, hitler had seized power and proclaimed the third reich
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