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  • 1. The American Civil War
  • 2. Presidential election of1860In 1860, Stephan Douglas and Abraham Lincoln ran against each other again, this time for president.Lincoln had become well known from their debates about slavery.This time, Lincoln won, becoming the 16th president.
  • 3. Southern States secede Lincoln received no support in the South because they believed he wanted to end slavery. Since there were so many more people in the North, he won the election anyway. As soon as Lincoln won the election, the South started to secede. This means the South split from the Union. They no longer wanted to be part of the United States. Supporters of secession based their arguments on the idea of states’ rights. They said they had voluntarily joined the union, so they could leave when they wanted.
  • 4. Confederate States of America On December 20, 1860, South Carolina became the first state to secede. They were followed by Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Geor gia, Louisiana, and Texas. The eleven states that had seceded formed the Confederate States of America. They named Jefferson Davis as president. They wrote a new Constitution which made slavery legal.
  • 5. Civil WarA civil war is a war between people of the same country.There have been many civil wars, but one of the worst happened in America.The American Civil War was fought to keep the South from leaving the Union.Slavery was the major issue that separated the North from the South.
  • 6. The Civil War began at Fort Sumter.
  • 7. Fort Sumter was in the South, and the Union had a hard time defending the fort.There were 23 states in the Union (North) at the beginning of the war.There were 11 states in the Confederacy (South) at the beginning of the war.
  • 8. North’s AdvantagesThe North some many advantages. They had many more people and also had more factories, which could be used to make weaponsThe Union also had many more miles of railroad tracks.
  • 9. South’s Advantages The South’s main advantage was that they were fighting at home. This would mean that they would be closer to their supplies. They also would fight harder because they were protecting their homes. The Confederacy also had superior generals and better trained soldiers. The South was also being supplied by England at the beginning of the war. England wanted to keep trading for the South’s cotton.