Kinesics Body movement and gestures Presented By: Avish Shah –
“ A man stands inside of a closed glass phone booth. You cannot hear a word he says, but you see his postures, gestures, and facial expressions. “You see his kinesics. Marjorie F. Vargas (Louder Than Words)
Kinesics is the study of bodymovement, facial expressions, andgestures. Points Covered In Presentation… Postures Gestures Emblems Illustrators Affect displays Regulators Adaptors
Posture & Gait Expressions related In Western culture, an upright, yet relaxed body to posture, gait posture, is associated with ◦ “grow a spine” confidence, positivity, high ◦ walking with a “spring self esteem (Guerrero & in your step” Floyd, 2006). ◦ “stand up for yourself” ◦ “stand up straight” ◦ “hold your head high” ◦ “don’t slouch.” ◦ “stand still”
Posture and Body Movement Nonverbal indicators of Liking ◦ Forward lean ◦ Body and head orientation facing the other person ◦ Open body positions ◦ Affirmative head nods ◦ Moderate gesturing and animation ◦ Close interpersonal distances ◦ Moderate body relaxation ◦ Touching ◦ Initiating and maintaining eye contact ◦ Smiling ◦ Mirroring (congruent posture)
Posture and Body Movement Nonverbal indicators of dislike ◦ Indirect, oblique body orientation ◦ No eye contact, or eye contact of short duration ◦ Averted eyes ◦ Unpleasant facial expressions ◦ Relative absence of gestures ◦ Body rigidity, bodily tension ◦ Incongruent postures
Gestures Humans have uniquely expressive hands.
Gestures Gestures may be conflicting ◦ Yawning while saying you are not tired. ◦ Looking involved but saying, “I don’t care,”
Emblems : Movement communicates meaning Emblems are body movements that substitute for words and phrases. We beckon with are index finger to mean “come here.” We use an open hand held up to mean “stop.”However, be wary of emblems, they may mean something different in a different culture.
Emblems Emblems are used intentionally. They have verbal equivalents They have a clear, consistent meaning within a particular culture ◦ Cross my heart ◦ Shame on you ◦ Peace sign ◦ I’m crazy
In much of the world today, the thumbs up means, "O.K.", "Right On!", or "I like this” . But in Iran,Afghanistan, Nigeria and parts of Italyand Greece.. it is an obscene insult, especially when combined with asweep of the arms.
Illustrators Illustrators are used Examples of illustrators intentionally. Two palms held up signify “I Illustrators are tied to don’t know. speech. Wagging a finger while ◦ They reinforce or making a point supplement what is being Rolling one’s eyes in said. disbelief “For example” gesture Illustrators are most Just a pinch common in face-to-face Hitting one’s fist for interaction emphasis Illustrators are so A double head nod habitual, people use Pointing when giving them when talking on directions the phone I caught a fish this big. After you
Affect displaysAre these people expressingthe same emotion, in differingdegrees, or different emotionsaltogether?
Affect displays Affect displays may Interpreting affect or may not be displays: intentional ◦ Look at the face to Affect displays determine the emotion convey feeling and ◦ Look at body cues to determine the strength or emotion intensity of the emotion. They are often communicated via facial expressions They can be difficult to interpret
Regulators Regulators are primarily Types of turn-taking unintentional Turn-requesting cues They regulate turn-taking Turn maintaining cues behavior Turn yielding cues Conversational give and take depends on Turn denying cues regulators
Regulators Regulate the ebb and flow of conversation
Adaptors Adaptors are usually Examples of adaptors unintentional. ◦ Fiddling with one’s hair Adaptors include ◦ Chewing one’s fingernails self-touching ◦ Tapping one’s foot or leg behaviors ◦ Biting one’s lips Adapters signal ◦ Scratching one’s arm nervousness, ◦ Wringing one’s hands anxiousness, ◦ Clenching one’s jaw boredom Generally speaking, adapters are perceived negatively ◦ However, adaptors may be perceived as more genuine, authentic
Adaptors Hair twirling is an adaptor, but does it always mean the same thing?
Adaptors Object adaptors Adaptors when include: students take tests Tapping a pencil ◦ Hair twirling Drumming one’s ◦ Scratching fingers ◦ Ear pulling ◦ Forehead rubbing Adjusting one’s clothing Playing with jewelry
How does it help to know aboutkinesics? Understanding nonverbal communication can help us communicate better. We avoid misunderstandings. We are clearer in the meanings we transmit.