Gwalior Gharana


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A brief description of this great gharana and its inception

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Gwalior Gharana

  2. 2. GWALIOR GHARANA <ul><li>1. Nissar Hussein Khan 1844 – 1916 </li></ul><ul><li>2. Rahimat Khan 1846 - 1922 </li></ul><ul><li>3. Balkrishnabuwa Ichalkarangikar 1849 – 1927 </li></ul><ul><li>4. Shankar Pandit 1863 – 1917 </li></ul><ul><li>5. Vishnu Digambar Paluskar 1872 – 1931 </li></ul><ul><li>6. Ramkrishnabuwa Vaze 1872 – 1943 </li></ul><ul><li>7. Rajbhayya Poochwale 1882 – 1956 </li></ul><ul><li>8. Omkarnath Thakur 1897 – 1967 </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Pandit Paluskar brought about significant changes in the way Indian classical music would </li></ul><ul><li>be taught in years to come. After traveling through much of north India (today’s Pakistan) </li></ul><ul><li>on May 5, 1901 he founded the Gandharva Mahavidyalay in Lahore . </li></ul>Pandit Vishnu Digambar Paluskar (1872-1931) from the Gwalior Gharana is singularly responsible for bringing classical Hindustani music out of the courts of the Mogul Emperors and Hindu Maharajas and making it accessible to everyone. Pandit Paluskar had lost his vision early in life following an accident. Balakrishna Bua Ichalkaranjikar Vishnu Digambar Paluskar But this handicap did not hold him back and he became an ardent student of classical music and studied under the guidance of Balakrishna Bua Ichalkaranjikar of the Gwalior Gharana.
  4. 4. <ul><li>This was the first structured school of music run by a middle class musician without the </li></ul><ul><li>direct patronage of rajas, maharajas or darbars. The Gandharva Mahavidyalaya was </li></ul><ul><li>supported by public funds, donations and money raised from concerts given by Pandit </li></ul><ul><li>Paluskar. This novel concept was going to change the course of Hindustani Classical </li></ul><ul><li>Music forever. It was also the beginning of the end of guru-shishya parampara. </li></ul>The Gandharva Mahavidyalaya moved to Bombay from Lahore in September 1908. Pandit Paluskar’s students became some of the most distinguished performers and teachers of classical Indian music. Economically, the school was experiencing a significant loss and was eventually auctioned off in 1925. Gwalior was ruled by the Maharaja of Scindia from 1726 to 1950. Gwalior's most famous musician was Mian Tansen. The Khayal style of singing at the Gwalior courts was started in the 18th century by Ustad Natthan Pir Baksh and his grand sons Hassu Khan, Haddu Khan and Natthu Khan.
  5. 5. These doyens from Gwalior had a large number of disciples. Prominent among them were: Rehmat Khan, Baba Dikshit, Masurekar Buva, Shankar Pandit, Eknath Pandit, Rajabhaiyya Poochwale, Ramkrishnabuva Vaze, Balakrishna Buva Ichalkaranjikar, Vasudev Buva Joshi Devji Buva Paranjape. .
  6. 6. Brahmins from this group of disciples settled in different parts of Maharashtra and disseminated the Gwalior Gharana style of singing in Pune, Bombay, Nagpur and Indore. The changes brought about by Pandit Bhatkhande and Vishnu Digambar Paluskar liberated Hindustani classical music from the grasp of “maharajas and emperors” and made it available to all through the Gandharva Mahavidyalaya. They also broke the court-courtesan linkage and made Hindustani Classical singing a socially acceptable form of art and gave it a religious and spiritual flavor by introducing the components of “Bhakti” and Bhajans in their compositions.
  7. 7. Nissar Hussein Khan 1844 – 1916
  8. 8. Rahimat Khan 1846 - 1922
  9. 9. Balkrishnabuwa Ichalkarangikar 1849 – 1927
  10. 10. Shankar Pandit 1863 – 1917
  11. 11. Vishnu Digambar Paluskar 1872 – 1931
  12. 12. Ramkrishnabuwa Vaze 1872 – 1943
  13. 13. Rajbhayya Poochwale 1882 – 1956
  14. 14. Omkarnath Thakur 1897 – 1967