Life skills

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Life skills

  1. 1. AD O LE S C E N T F R IE N D LY S C H O O L IN ITIATIVE ADOLESCENT FRIENDLY SCHOOL INITIATIVE IA P VIS ION 2007 IAP VIS IO N 2007 LIFE SKILLS-AN INTRODUCTION
  2. 2. IA P VIS ION 2007 ADOLESCENT PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT SELF AWARENESS Self –Identity Ego- IdentityAD O LE S C E N T F R IE N D LY S C H O O L IN ITIATIVE Self –Confidence Self – Esteem AUTONOMY & INDEPENDENCE ⇒ Assertivenes Critical Thinking & Decision Making Problem Solving Values Clarifications Curious, Adventurous, Experimental ⇒ RISK TAKING COPING WITH STRESSES & FAILURES
  3. 3. IA P VIS ION 2007 What is ‘Life Skills’? m…abilities that helpAD O LE S C E N T F R IE N D LY S C H O O L IN ITIATIVE promote mental well being and competence in young people as they face the realities of life.
  4. 4. IA P VIS ION 2007 Contd.. What is ‘Life Skills’? mUNICEF m“life-skills based education isAD O LE S C E N T F R IE N D LY S C H O O L IN ITIATIVE -behavior change or behavior development approach -designed to address a balance of three areas:  knowledge, attitude, and skills.
  5. 5. IA P VIS ION 2007 Contd.. What is ‘Life Skills’? • WHOAD O LE S C E N T F R IE N D LY S C H O O L IN ITIATIVE – “the abilities for adaptive and positive behavior that - enables individuals to deal effectively with the demands and challenges of everyday life”
  6. 6. IA P VIS ION 2007 What are the “Life Skills” ? • Decision Making • InterpersonalAD O LE S C E N T F R IE N D LY S C H O O L IN ITIATIVE • Creative Thinking • Critical Thinking Relationship • Problem Solving • Self Awareness • Negotiation Skills • Empathy • Effective Communication • Coping with stress & Emotions
  7. 7. IA P VIS ION 2007 Significance of learning Life Skills • To be able to explore alternatives • Weigh pros and consAD O LE S C E N T F R IE N D LY S C H O O L IN ITIATIVE • Make rational decisions • Communicate effectively • To say “No” • Be assertive
  8. 8. IA P VIS ION 2007 How ‘Life Skills’ lead to primary prevention of health problems? mKnowledge mAttitudesAD O LE S C E N T F R IE N D LY S C H O O L IN ITIATIVE mValues mLife Skills mBehavior reinforcement or change mPositive Health Behavior mPrevention of Health Problems
  9. 9. IA P VIS ION 2007 What is Decision Making ? • Abilities to assess available optionsAD O LE S C E N T F R IE N D LY S C H O O L IN ITIATIVE • To foresee the consequences of different decisions (actions/non-actions) No decision is also a decision
  10. 10. IA P VIS ION 2007 Decision Making Major Life Decisions GOALSAD O LE S C E N T F R IE N D LY S C H O O L IN ITIATIVE Develop, Prioritize, attain CHOICE Of life style,study & food habits, hobbies COPING UP With stress, alcohol, drugs, STD, AIDS CAREER Choice of profession,further study
  11. 11. IA P VIS ION 2007 Responsible Decision Making Making decision afterAD O LE S C E N T F R IE N D LY S C H O O L IN ITIATIVE examining the choices & consequences in view of one’s values and goals is Responsible Decision Making
  12. 12. IA P VIS ION 2007 Steps for Responsible Decision Making • Identify/Define the problemAD O LE S C E N T F R IE N D LY S C H O O L IN ITIATIVE • Consider the consequences or outcomes • Consider family and personal values • Choose one alternative • Implement the decision
  13. 13. IA P VIS ION 2007 Creative Thinking • Enables to explore available alternatives and consequences of actions or non-actionsAD O LE S C E N T F R IE N D LY S C H O O L IN ITIATIVE • Contributes to Decision Making & Problem Solving • Helps adolescents to respond adaptively and with flexibility to the daily life situations
  14. 14. IA P VIS ION 2007 Critical Thinking • Ability to analyze information and experiences in an objective mannerAD O LE S C E N T F R IE N D LY S C H O O L IN ITIATIVE  Helps adolescents to recognize and to assess the factors influencing attitude & behavior - values, pressures (peer,family) • Key to form right attitudes towards life • Assists in developing responsible behavior.
  15. 15. IA P VIS ION 2007 Effective Communication • To express ourselvesAD O LE S C E N T F R IE N D LY S C H O O L IN ITIATIVE • verbally & non-verbally • To express opinions, desires, needs & fears also • To ask for advice and help
  16. 16. IA P VIS ION 2007 Empathy • Ability to understand and accept othersAD O LE S C E N T F R IE N D LY S C H O O L IN ITIATIVE • To put oneself in other person’s shoes • Being nurturing and tolerant • Encourages a positive behavior towards people in need or difficulty
  17. 17. IA P VIS ION 2007 Interpersonal Skills • To be able to develop & nurture supportive networksAD O LE S C E N T F R IE N D LY S C H O O L IN ITIATIVE • To be able to end relationships constructively • Helps adolescents to relate with people in positive ways
  18. 18. IA P VIS ION 2007 NEGOTIATING SKILLS Allows to solve an issue, problem or conflict Without anger, intimidation, insubordination,AD O LE S C E N T F R IE N D LY S C H O O L IN ITIATIVE aggressive force or behavior Negotiate as soon as possible for communication Deals constructively with problems PROBLEMS if left unresolved ⇒ MENTAL & PHYSICAL STRESS
  19. 19. IA P VIS ION 2007 1.Ignorance Behavior 2.Awareness change 3.Concern throughAD O LE S C E N T F R IE N D LY S C H O O L IN ITIATIVE 4.Knowledge 5.Motivation Life Skills 6.Readiness to change 7.Willingness to change 8.Acceptance 9.Habit 10.Lifestyle
  20. 20. IA P VIS ION 2007 STAGES Identify the problem or issueAD O LE S C E N T F R IE N D LY S C H O O L IN ITIATIVE Collect information/knowledge Associated physical, emotional, psychological feelings Possible ways of solving Effective communication skills Alternative solutions Mutual decision
  21. 21. IA P VIS ION 2007 Coping with emotions & stress • Recognizing effects of emotions on others and ourselvesAD O LE S C E N T F R IE N D LY S C H O O L IN ITIATIVE • Being aware of how emotions influence behaviors • Able to respond to emotions appropriately
  22. 22. IA P VIS ION 2007 How to cope with stress • Recognize sources of stress in our lifeAD O LE S C E N T F R IE N D LY S C H O O L IN ITIATIVE • Recognizing how these affect us • Identifying ways that help to control our levels of stress • Learning how to relax to minimize tensions
  23. 23. IA P VIS ION 2007 Self Assertiveness • Assertive people respect themselves &AD O LE S C E N T F R IE N D LY S C H O O L IN ITIATIVE others equally • It is communicating feelings and need while respecting rights of others • Being able to stand up for one’s own values and needs • Take control of one’s decisions • Recognize attempts of others to control
  24. 24. IA P VIS ION 2007 Self Assertiveness • Trust & value one’s own feelingsAD O LE S C E N T F R IE N D LY S C H O O L IN ITIATIVE • Recognize & use non verbal communication • STEPS – State your position – Offer reason/explanation – Acknowledge other’s feelings
  25. 25. IA P VIS ION 2007 Take Pleasure & Pride in saying NO when one wants to say “no” • Ways to say NOAD O LE S C E N T F R IE N D LY S C H O O L IN ITIATIVE – Polite refusal – Give reason – Repeat refusal – Walk away – Ignore the person – Avoid the situation – Find others’ support – Talk about your own feelings
  26. 26. IA P VIS ION 2007 Life Skills Education • Dynamic teaching & Dynamic learning • Working in small groups & pairsAD O LE S C E N T F R IE N D LY S C H O O L IN ITIATIVE • Brainstorming • Role-plays • Experiential learning • Games & debates • Home assignments, to further discuss and practice skills with family & friends.
  27. 27. IA P VIS ION 2007 Key Messages• Life skill management for adolescent is theAD O LE S C E N T F R IE N D LY S C H O O L IN ITIATIVE need of today’s world• Life Skills Education makes a person “a balanced adult” who contributes meaningfully to society• PEDIATRICIANS have a great role to play by learning & teaching this course
  28. 28. IA P VIS ION 2007 Thus, the ‘Life skills’ …. • are applied – in various aspects of lifeAD O LE S C E N T F R IE N D LY S C H O O L IN ITIATIVE – in human relationships, learning about rights & responsibilities – in health issues: •Mental Health-Stresses •HIV-AIDS /STD Prevention •Drug abuse, •Sexual violence •Teenage pregnancy •Suicide Prevention
  29. 29. IA P VIS ION 2007 Therefore, the Adolescents should kn about ‘Life skills’ because • Empowers them to take positive actions to protectAD O LE S C E N T F R IE N D LY S C H O O L IN ITIATIVE themselves and to promote health and positive social relationships. • Utility in Other areas – Environment Education – Consumer Education – Peace Education – Social cultural Issues
  30. 30. IA P VIS ION 2007AD O LE S C E N T F R IE N D LY S C H O O L IN ITIATIVE Acknowledge inputs of Dr. Swati Y Bhave & Dr. Harish Pemde

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