Biodiversity

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Biodiversity

  1. 1. BIOGEOGRAPHICAL CLASSIFICATION OF INDIAINDIA IS RICH IN BIODIVERSITY ANDOCCUPIES TENTH POSITION IN THE WORLD.THE POSITION OF INDIA ON THE EARTH ISRESPONSIBLE FOR THE VARIED CLIMATEAND VARIETY IN TOPOGRAPHY FAVOURINGTHE ORIGIN OF A LARGE VARIETY OFORGANISMS (BOTH PLANTS AND ANIMALS).
  2. 2. INDIA EXTENDS BETWEEN 804’N AND 3706’NLATITUDES AND BETWEEN 6807’EAND 9702’ELONGITUDES.THE 230N,WHICH IS THE TROPIC OFCANCER,RUNS ACROSS THE COUNTRY.THE INDIAN LANDSCAPE IS OF SEVERALTYPES.THERE ARE HIGH MOUNTAINS,DESERTSPLATEAUS,PLAINS AND LOW LYING LANDS.
  3. 3. S.NO BIOGEOGRAPHICAL PROVINCE FLORA FAUNA ZONE1. TRANS- EXTENSION PINE, YAK, HIMALAYAN OF TIBETAN DEODAR SNOW PLATEAU LEOPARD INCLUDING COLD DESERT LADAKH2. HIMALAYAS NORTHERN PINE, STAG, BOUNDARY SAL MUSKDEER N-E--ASSAM N-W-- KASHMIR3. DESERT KUTCH, ACACIA, CAMEL, THAR, DATEPALM SNAKE LADAKH
  4. 4. 4. SEMI-ARID ZONE DATEPALM, GIR LION, BETWEEN PEEPAL SARISKA DESERT TIGER AND DECCAN PLATEAU5. WESTERN MALABAR PEEPAL, FROG, GHATS COAST BAHERA LIZARDS, WESTERN SNAKES COAST MOUNTAINS6. DECCAN TRIANGULAR ACACIA, CHEETAH, PLATEAU PLATEAU CASTOR WILD LARGEST ELEPHANT ZONE
  5. 5. PLAINS DUE TO MANGO, RHINOCEROS, GANGA MANGROVES ALLIGATOR 7. GANGETIC RIVER PLAINS SUNDERBAN DELTAS NONHIMALAYAN BAMBOO, DEER, PLAINS JACKFRUIT PORCUPINE 8. NORTHEAST BRAHMAPUTRA PLAINS VALLEY ANDAMAN AND BAHERA, DOLPHIN, NICOBAR CARDAMOM MOLLUSCS 9. ISLANDS LAKSHWADWEEP ISLANDS WEST COAST COCONUT, MOLLUSCS, EAST COAST CASHEW TURTLES10. COASTS

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